journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prehospital and Disaster Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215195/tetanus-a-potential-public-health-threat-in-times-of-disaster
#1
Paige Finkelstein, Laura Teisch, Casey J Allen, Gabriel Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Tetanus is a potentially fatal condition that is rare in urban environments but is seen in developing countries and post-natural-disaster. Therefore, the purpose of this report was to review the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and management of tetanus in the trauma patient. METHODS: A thorough literature review was conducted to look for the most current and thorough guidelines on the prophylaxis and treatment of tetanus. PUBMED (National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, Maryland USA), MEDLINE (US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, Maryland USA), and Cochrane Library (The Cochrane Collaboration; Oxford, United Kingdom) databases were searched for articles in English, published from 2005 to 2015, using the keywords "Tetanus," "Trauma/Surgery," and "Disaster...
February 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215192/music-genre-as-a-predictor-of-resource-utilization-at-outdoor-music-concerts
#2
Michael S Westrol, Susmith Koneru, Norah McIntyre, Andrew T Caruso, Faizan H Arshad, Mark A Merlin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the various modern music genres and their effect on the utilization of medical resources with analysis and adjustment for potential confounders. METHODS: A retrospective review of patient logs from an open-air, contemporary amphitheater over a period of 10 years was performed. Variables recorded by the medical personnel for each concert included the attendance, description of the weather, and a patient log in which nature and outcome were recorded...
February 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215188/high-school-cardiac-emergency-response-plans-and-sudden-cardiac-death-in-the-young
#3
Michelle J White, Emefah C Loccoh, Monica M Goble, Sunkyung Yu, Folafoluwa O Odetola, Mark W Russell
: Introduction Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is responsible for 5%-10% of all deaths among children 5-19 years-of-age. The incidence of SCD in youth in Michigan (USA) and nationwide is higher in racial/ethnic minorities and in certain geographic areas. School cardiac emergency response plans (CERPs) increase survival after cardiac arrest. However, school cardiac emergency preparedness remains variable. Studying population-level factors associated with school cardiac emergency preparedness and incidence of SCD in the young may improve understanding of disparities in the incidence of SCD...
February 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215187/experiences-of-ebola-survivors-causes-of-distress-and-sources-of-resilience
#4
Patricia M Schwerdtle, Veronique De Clerck, Virginia Plummer
: Introduction An appreciation of the experience of Ebola survivors is critical for community engagement and an effective outbreak response. Few qualitative, descriptive studies have been conducted to date that concentrate on the voices of Ebola survivors. Problem This study aimed to explore the experiences of Ebola survivors following the West African epidemic of 2014. METHOD: An interpretive, qualitative design was selected using semi-structured interviews as the method of data collection...
February 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190410/the-effect-of-older-age-on-ems-use-for-transportation-to-an-emergency-department
#5
Courtney M C Jones, Erin B Wasserman, Timmy Li, Ashley Amidon, Marissa Abbott, Manish N Shah
: Introduction Previous studies have found that older adults are more likely to use Emergency Medical Services (EMS) than younger adults, but the reasons for this remain understudied. Hypothesis/Problem This study aimed to determine if older age is associated with using EMS for transportation to an emergency department (ED) after controlling for confounding variables. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted at a large academic medical center. Data on previous medical history, chief complaint, self-perceived illness severity, demographic information, and mode of arrival to the ED were collected on all subjects...
February 13, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137341/evaluating-the-potential-benefits-of-advanced-automatic-crash-notification
#6
Rebecca E Plevin, Robert Kaufman, Laura Fraade-Blanar, Eileen M Bulger
OBJECTIVE: Advanced Automatic Collision Notification (AACN) services in passenger vehicles capture crash data during collisions that could be transferred to Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers. This study explored how EMS response times and other crash factors impacted the odds of fatality. The goal was to determine if information transmitted by AACN could help decrease mortality by allowing EMS providers to be better prepared upon arrival at the scene of a collision. METHODS: The Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) database of the US Department of Transportation/National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (USDOT/NHTSA; Washington DC, USA) was searched for all fatal crashes between 1996 and 2012...
January 31, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137329/retrospective-analysis-of-patient-presentations-at-the-sydney-australia-royal-easter-show-from-2012-to-2014
#7
Nathan Crabtree, Shirley Mo, Leon Ong, Thuvarahan Jegathees, Daniel Wei, David Fahey, Jia Jenny Liu
: Introduction Comprehensive studies on the relationship between patient demographics and subsequent treatment and disposition at a single mass-gathering event are lacking. The Sydney Royal Easter Show (SRES; Sydney Olympic Park, New South Wales, Australia) is an annual, 14-day, agricultural mass-gathering event occurring around the Easter weekend, attracting more than 800,000 patrons per year. In this study, patient records from the SRES were analyzed to examine relationships between weather, crowd size, day of week, and demographics on treatment and disposition...
January 31, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137323/challenging-assumptions-what-do-we-need-to-address-in-our-disaster-risk-reduction-efforts
#8
Tudor A Codreanu, Hanh Ngo, Andrew Robertson, Antonio Celenza
: Introduction Specific knowledge and skills are required, especially in the first 72 hours post-disaster, to bridge the time gap until essential services are restored and Emergency Medical Services (EMS) can focus on individuals' needs. This study explores disaster knowledge and preparedness in the first 72 hours as a function of the individual's engagement in discussions about disasters, and several other factors (both at personal and community/country level), as well as the entities/organizations perceived by the individual as being responsible for disaster risk reduction (DRR) education...
January 31, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134071/everyday-dangers-the-impact-infectious-disease-has-on-the-health-of-paramedics-a-scoping-review
#9
Brodie Thomas, Peter O'Meara, Evelien Spelten
BACKGROUND: Paramedics respond to emergency scenes in often uncontrolled settings without being aware of potential risks. This makes paramedicine one of the most dangerous occupations. One of these dangers is the risk of contracting infectious diseases. Research in this area is predominantly focused on compliance in the use of protective equipment, attitudes and perceptions of paramedics, infectious disease policy, and exposure rates to blood and body fluids. The purpose of this scoping review was to determine what is known about the impact of infectious disease on the health of paramedics...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134070/earthquake-related-orthopedic-injuries-in-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#10
Michelangelo Bortolin, Ilaria Morelli, Amalia Voskanyan, Nina R Joyce, Gregory R Ciottone
: Introduction Earthquake-related trauma results in crush injuries and bony- and soft-tissue trauma. There are no systematic reviews analyzing the typical injury patterns and treatments in "Mega-Mass-Casualty" earthquakes. The characterization of an injury pattern specific to disaster type, be it natural or manmade, is imperative to build an effective disaster preparedness and response system. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134064/utilization-of-functional-exercises-to-build-regional-emergency-preparedness-among-rural-health-organizations-in-the-us
#11
Jannah M Obaid, Ginger Bailey, Heidi Wheeler, Laura Meyers, Sharon J Medcalf, Keith F Hansen, Kristine K Sanger, John J Lowe
Rural communities face barriers to disaster preparedness and considerable risk of disasters. Emergency preparedness among rural communities has improved with funding from federal programs and implementation of a National Incident Management System. The objective of this project was to design and implement disaster exercises to test decision making by rural response partners to improve regional planning, collaboration, and readiness. Six functional exercises were developed and conducted among three rural Nebraska (USA) regions by the Center for Preparedness Education (CPE) at the University of Nebraska Medical Center (Omaha, Nebraska USA)...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134063/the-use-of-emergency-lights-and-sirens-by-ambulances-and-their-effect-on-patient-outcomes-and-public-safety-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#12
Brett Murray, Ricky Kue
The benefits of emergency lights and sirens (L&S) use as warning devices by ambulances continue to be a debated topic in Emergency Medical Services (EMS). While the most widely studied aspect of L&S use has been related to their effect on ambulance response and transport times, the literature suggests minimal time savings with more questionable impact on actual patient outcomes. As L&S use has been shown to increase the risk for vehicle crashes, the secondary concern of ambulance design and safety also becomes an important aspect on potential design recommendations that could mitigate the effects of a crash on patients, EMS providers, and the general public...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134062/salient-public-beliefs-underlying-disaster-preparedness-behaviors-a-theory-based-qualitative-study
#13
Mehdi Najafi, Ali Ardalan, Ali Akbarisari, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Helen Elmi
: Introduction Given the increasing importance of disaster preparedness in Tehran, the capital of Iran, interventions encouraging disaster preparedness behavior (DPB) are needed. This study was conducted to show how an elicitation method can be used to identify salient consequences, referents, and circumstances about DPB and provide recommendations for interventions and quantitative research. METHOD: A theory-based qualitative study using a semi-structured elicitation questionnaire was conducted with 132 heads of households from 22 districts in Tehran, Iran...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134061/characteristics-of-medical-teams-in-disaster
#14
David Oldenburger, Andrea Baumann, Laura Banfield
Disasters present unique challenges for teams providing medical assistance to those populations impacted by the event. This scoping review focused on the characteristics of medical teams in disaster and how these characteristics are developed. The scoping review methods of Arksey and O'Malley were followed. An inductive thematic analysis of selected articles was used to identify recurrent themes. A total of 6,521 articles were reviewed from eight databases, yielding 33 articles. Four recurrent theme groups were identified: (1) adaptability, flexibility, and improvisation; (2) creativity and innovation; (3) experience and training; and (4) leadership and command structure...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132665/exploring-injury-panorama-consequences-and-recovery-among-bus-crash-survivors-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#15
Isabelle Doohan, Ulf Björnstig, Ulrika Östlund, Britt-Inger Saveman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore physical and mental consequences and injury mechanisms among bus crash survivors to identify aspects that influence recovery. METHODS: The study participants were the total population of survivors (N=56) from a bus crash in Sweden. The study had a mixed-methods design that provided quantitative and qualitative data on injuries, mental well-being, and experiences. Results from descriptive statistics and qualitative thematic analysis were interpreted and integrated in a mixed-methods analysis...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122657/challenges-and-opportunities-to-engaging-emergency-medical-service-providers-in-substance-use-research-a-qualitative-study
#16
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Julie C Fields, Junette McWilliams, Amy R Knowlton
: Introduction Research suggests Emergency Medical Services (EMS) over-use in urban cities is partly due to substance users with limited access to medical/social services. Recent efforts to deliver brief, motivational messages to encourage these individuals to enter treatment have not considered EMS providers. Problem Little research has been done with EMS providers who serve substance-using patients. The EMS providers were interviewed about participating in a pilot program where they would be trained to screen their patients for substance abuse and encourage them to enter drug treatment...
January 26, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122654/defining-the-skills-of-disaster-responders
#17
Elaine Daily
Daily E . Defining the skills of disaster responders. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2017;32(2):1 2.
January 26, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122653/delivery-as-trauma-a-prospective-time-cohort-study-of-maternal-and-perinatal-mortality-in-rural-cambodia
#18
Chandy Houy, Sam Ol Ha, Margit Steinholt, Eystein Skjerve, Hans Husum
OBJECTIVE: The majority of maternal and perinatal deaths are preventable, but still women and newborns die due to insufficient Basic Life Support in low-resource communities. Drawing on experiences from successful wartime trauma systems, a three-tier chain-of-survival model was introduced as a means to reduce rural maternal and perinatal mortality. METHODS: A study area of 266 villages in landmine-infested Northwestern Cambodia were selected based on remoteness and poverty...
January 26, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095934/the-effect-of-ambulance-staffing-models-in-a-metropolitan-fire-based-ems-system
#19
Eric J Cortez, Ashish R Panchal, James E Davis, David P Keseg
: Introduction The staffing of ambulances with different levels of Emergency Medical Service (EMS) providers is a difficult decision with evidence being mixed on the benefit of each model. Hypothesis/Problem The objective of this study was to describe a pilot program evaluating alternative staffing on two ambulances utilizing the paramedic-basic (PB) model (staffed with one paramedic and one emergency medical technician[EMT]). METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted from September 17, 2013 through December 31, 2013...
January 18, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043240/being-both-helpers-and-victims-health-professionals-experiences-of-working-during-a-natural-disaster
#20
Karin Hugelius, Annsofie Adolfsson, Per Örtenwall, Mervyn Gifford
BACKGROUND: In November 2013, the Haiyan typhoon hit parts of the Philippines. The typhoon caused severe damage to the medical facilities and many injuries and deaths. Health professionals have a crucial role in the immediate disaster response system, but knowledge of their experiences of working during and in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster is limited. Aim The aim of this study was to explore health professionals' experiences of working during and in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster...
January 3, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
journal
journal
30317
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"