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International Review of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681670/psychiatric-comorbidity-in-wilson-s-disease
#1
Gioia Mura, Paula C Zimbrean, Luigi Demelia, Mauro G Carta
Wilson's disease (WD) is a relatively rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder causing copper accumulation in different organs, mainly the liver and brain. Psychiatric disturbances represent a diagnostic and therapeutic issue in WD. A search for relevant articles was carried out on PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and Google Scholar, for papers focused on psychiatric disorders in WD published between 1985-2016. Ninety-two articles were included in this review, showing the findings from 35 observational and case-control studies and 57 case reports...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681667/psychiatric-comorbidities-in-epilepsy
#2
Colin B Josephson, Nathalie Jetté
Psychiatric comorbidities, including mood, anxiety, and psychotic disorders, are common in epilepsy, often occurring at rates 2-3-fold or higher than in the general population without epilepsy. This article discusses the epidemiology of psychiatric disorders in epilepsy, hypotheses regarding the pathogenesis of these comorbidities, and treatment implications. More specifically, it addresses: (1) How common are major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, and psychotic disorders in epilepsy? (2) How does one screen for these psychiatric disorders in persons with epilepsy? (3) Why do psychiatric conditions occur in epilepsy? (4) Is the treatment of psychiatric comorbidity in epilepsy associated with seizures? The important topic of suicide and suicidal ideation in epilepsy, risk factors for their occurrence, and how to screen for these co-existent conditions is also discussed...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681628/the-management-of-fibromyalgia-from-a-psychosomatic-perspective-an-overview
#3
Federica Sancassiani, Sergio Machado, Valeria Ruggiero, Enrico Cacace, Claudia Carmassi, Camilla Gesi, Liliana Dell'Osso, Mauro Giovanni Carta
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a central sensitization syndrome characterized by chronic widespread pain. FM is often comorbid with psychiatric disorders, as well as psychological distress that worsens the quality-of-life of people affected. The aim was to collect current evidence about the management of FM from a psychosomatic perspective. The literature was synthesized and summarized in a narrative format. The literature search was carried out in PubMed; review articles, meta-analysis, overview, and guidelines published in the last 10 years written in English were included...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681625/coeliac-disease-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-epidemiology-pathophysiological-mechanisms-quality-of-life-and-gluten-free-diet-effects
#4
Giulia Cossu, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Federico Contu, Quirico Mela, Luigi Demelia, Luca Elli, Bernardo Dell'Osso
Coeliac Disease (CD) is an autoimmune disease in which an environmental factor, gluten, triggers a pathological reaction. It results in intra- and entra-intestinal manifestations of disease, including, most frequently, diarrhoea, weight loss, and anaemia. CD occurs in ∼1% of the western population, being one of the most common autoimmune lifelong disorders, and may present with a variety of psychiatric comorbidities. Psychiatric comorbidity in CD often complicates the diagnosis, reduces the quality-of-life, and worsens the prognosis of affected patients...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681623/psychiatric-comorbidities-in-movement-disorders
#5
Adán Miguel-Puga, Gabriel Villafuerte, Oscar Arias-Carrión
Psychiatric comorbidities are common in movement disorders. This review provides a practical approach to help clinicians to recognize psychiatric disorders in the most frequent movement disorders. However, the extent of neurodegeneration, as well as the impact of medications with considerable CNS effects, influences the diverse psychiatric presentations that, in turn, are influenced by the stress of living with a movement disorder. Depression, anxiety, and psychosis are the most common psychiatric comorbidities in movement disorders and of the medications used to treat the motor disturbances...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681620/the-burden-of-mood-disorder-cerebrovascular-disease-comorbidity-essential-neurobiology-psychopharmacology-and-physical-activity-interventions
#6
Michele Fornaro, Marco Solmi, Nicola Veronese, Domenico De Berardis, Elisabetta Filomena Buonaguro, Carmine Tomasetti, Giampaolo Perna, Antonio Preti, Mauro Giovanni Carta
Cardio-vascular diseases (CVDs) and CVD-related disorders (including cerebrovascular diseases; CBVDs) are a major public health concern as they represent the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in developed countries. Patients with CVDs and CBVDs co-morbid with mood disorders, especially bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), suffer reduced quality-of-life and significant disability adjusted for years of life and mortality. The relationship between CVDs/CBVDs and mood disorders is likely to be bidirectional...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681619/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-patients-with-ovarian-cancer
#7
Camilla Gesi, Claudia Carmassi, Federica Sancassiani, Angiolo Gadducci, Liliana Dell'Osso
Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of the deadliest malignancies. The impact of this diagnosis is, therefore, highly traumatic, and affected women are prone to significant distress during the whole course of the disease. The present paper is aimed to review extant literature about the relationship between OC and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681617/depression-comorbidity-in-migraine
#8
Farnaz Amoozegar
Migraine and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) are highly prevalent conditions that can lead to significant disability. These conditions are often comorbid, and several studies shed light on the underlying reasons for this comorbidity. The purpose of this review article is to have a closer look at the epidemiology, pathophysiology, genetic and environmental factors, temporal association, treatment options, and prognosis of patients suffering from both conditions, to allow a better understanding of what factors underlie this comorbidity...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681616/depression-in-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Scott B Patten, Ruth Ann Marrie, Mauro G Carta
Depressive disorders occur in up to 50% of people living with multiple sclerosis (MS). Prevalence estimates are generally 2-3-times higher than those of the general population. Myriad aetiologic factors may contribute to the aetiology of depression in MS including biological mechanisms (e.g. hippocampal microglial activation, lesion burden, regional atrophy), as well as the stressors, threats, and losses that accompany living with an unpredictable and often disabling disease. Some prominent risk factors for depression such as (younger) age, (female) sex, and family history of depression are less consistently associated with depression in MS than they are in the general population...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671482/correction-to-v-esperidi%C3%A3-o-antonio-et-al-neurobiology-of-emotions-an-update
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587557/the-madness-epidemic-of-canudos-antonio-conselheiro-and-the-jagun%C3%A3-os-1897
#11
Raimundo Nina-Rodrigues
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587556/methodological-guidelines-to-investigate-altered-states-of-consciousness-and-anomalous-experiences
#12
Alexander Moreira-Almeida, Francisco Lotufo-Neto
Anomalous experiences (AE) (uncommon experiences or one that is believed to deviate from the usually accepted explanations of reality: hallucinations, synesthesia, experiences interpreted as telepathic…) and altered states of consciousness (ASC) have been described in all societies of all ages. Even so, scientists have long neglected the studies on this theme. To study AE and ASC is not necessary to share the beliefs we explore, they can be investigated as subjective experiences and correlated with other data, like any other human experience...
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587555/editorial
#13
Dinesh Bhugra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587554/quality-of-life-and-spirituality
#14
Raquel Gehrke Panzini, Bruno Paz Mosqueiro, Rogério R Zimpel, Denise Ruschel Bandeira, Neusa S Rocha, Marcelo P Fleck
Spirituality has been identified as an important dimension of quality-of-life. The objective of this study was to review the literature on quality-of-life and spirituality, their association, and assessment tools. A search was conducted of the keyterms 'quality-of-life' and 'spirituality' in abstract or title in the databases PsycINFO and PubMed/Medline between 1979-2005, complemented by a new search at PUBMED from 2006-2016. Quality-of-life is a new concept, which encompasses and transcends the concept of health, being composed of multiple domains: physical, psychological, environmental, among others...
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587553/guidelines-of-the-brazilian-association-of-studies-on-alcohol-and-other-drugs-abead-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-psychiatric-comorbidity-with-alcohol-and-other-substance-and-dependence
#15
Marcos Zaleski, Ronaldo Ramos Laranjeira, Ana Cecília Petta Roselli Marques, Lílian Ratto, Marcos Romano, Hamer Nastasy Palhares Alves, Márcia Britto de Macedo Soares, Valter Abelardino, Félix Kessler, Sílvia Brasiliano, Sérgio Nicastri, Patrícia Brunferntrinker Hochgraf, Analice de Paula Gigliotti, Tadeu Lemos
In recent years, several studies have been focused on the comorbidity of psychiatric disorders with alcohol and other substance dependence. In this context, the Brazilian Association of Studies on Alcohol and Other Drugs initiated a project to establish Brazilian Guidelines. The aim of this study was to review diagnostic and therapeutic criteria for the most prevalent psychiatric comorbidities. Randomized clinical trials, epidemiological studies, animal testing and other forms of research are reviewed herein...
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587552/anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-psychotherapeutic-cognitive-constructivist-approach
#16
Cristiano Nabuco de Abreu, Raphael Cangelli Filho
Of the eating disorders, anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the ones that have made adolescent patients-often females and aged younger and younger-seek for help. This help is provided through a multidisciplinary treatment involving psychiatrists, psychologists and dietists. Psychotherapy has shown to be an efficient component for these patients' improvement. The present article aims at presenting a proposal of psychotherapeutic treatment based on a cognitive-constructivist approach.
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587551/conceptualizations-of-illness-among-relatives-of-patients-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia
#17
Cecília C Villares, Cristina P Redko, Jair J Mari
Family concepts of a relative's illness are an important part of the coping process and reveal the cultural construction of the experience of illness. As part of a qualitative study conducted in the Schizophrenia Outpatient Clinic of the Department of Psychiatry, Escola Paulista de Medicina - UNIFESP, 14 relatives of eight outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia were interviewed and invited to talk freely about their ideas and feelings concerning their relative's problem. Qualitative analysis was used to identify categories of illness representations...
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587550/mental-illnesses-in-tropical-climates-1906
#18
Juliano Moreira, Afrânio Peixoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587549/the-social-action-of-the-psychiatrist-1943
#19
Ulysses Pernambucano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587548/a-brief-panorama-of-brazil-s-contributions-to-psychiatry
#20
Alexander Moreira-Almeida, Fabrício H A Oliveira E Oliveira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
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