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International Review of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693461/an-update-on-pharmacotherapy-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Ritu Goel, Ji Su Hong, Robert L Findling, Na Young Ji
To date, no medication is proven to be effective in treating core symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Psychotropic medications are widely used to target emotional and behavioural symptoms in ASD. This article reviewed evidence for pharmacotherapy, novel therapeutic agents, and Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in children and adolescents with ASD. Currently, only risperidone and aripiprazole have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of irritability associated with ASD in children and adolescents...
April 25, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683351/co-occurring-psychiatric-conditions-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Tamara E Rosen, Carla A Mazefsky, Roma A Vasa, Matthew D Lerner
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at increased risk for experiencing one or more co-occurring psychiatric conditions. When present, these conditions are associated with additional impairment and distress. It is therefore crucial that clinicians and researchers adequately understand and address these challenges. However, due to symptom overlap, diagnostic overshadowing, and ambiguous symptom presentation in ASD, the assessment of co-occurring conditions in ASD is complex and challenging. Likewise, individual difference factors, such as age, intellectual functioning, and gender, may influence the presentation of co-occurring symptoms...
April 23, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667863/leo-kanner-and-autism-a-75-year-perspective
#3
James Harris
In 1943, Leo Kanner published the first systematic description of early infantile autism. He concluded that this was a neurodevelopmental disorder and that 'these children have come into the world with an innate inability to form the usual, biologically provided contact with people'. Moreover, his astute descriptions of parental behavior in his first publications were prescient and underlie later recognition of the importance of genetics. Our understanding has grown over the ensuing years with revisions in diagnostic classification, recognition of the broader autism phenotype in families, appreciation of the importance of developmental models, advances in genetic methodology, better understanding of the relationship to intellectual deficits, recognition of syndromic autism in neurogenetic sydromes, advances in neuroimaging, and advances in animal models, both mutant mouse models and transgenic non human primate models...
April 18, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537895/psychosocial-interventions-for-internalizing-disorders-in-youth-and-adults-with-asd
#4
Amy Keefer, Susan W White, Roma A Vasa, Judy Reaven
Internalizing disorders are common in individuals with ASD. Psychosocial interventions targeting these disorders in the ASD population have burgeoned in the last decade. Cognitive-behavioural therapy, modified for ASD, is the most frequently investigated model, although other interventions, including behaviour therapy, third-wave interventions, models targeting transdiagnostic constructs, and alternative interventions and treatment delivery methods are now emerging. This review provides a summary of the efficacy of these interventions in treating internalizing disorders in youth and adults with ASD...
March 14, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537889/treatment-of-severe-problem-behaviour-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disabilities
#5
Eli T Newcomb, Louis P Hagopian
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (ID) present with problem behaviour at rates disproportionately higher than their typically-developing peers. Problem behaviour, such as self-injury, aggression, pica, disruption, and elopement result in a diminished quality-of-life for the individual and family. Applied behaviour analysis has a well-established research base, detailing a number of assessment and treatment methods designed to address behaviour problems in children with ASD and ID...
March 14, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537885/psychiatric-hospital-treatment-of-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-united-states-needs-outcomes-and-policy
#6
Kelly McGuire, Matthew Siegel
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are admitted to inpatient psychiatric units at markedly high rates. As health insurance companies and government healthcare systems and regulators seek more evidence for healthcare outcomes, it is important to learn more about the effectiveness of psychiatric inpatient admissions for children with ASD to best inform decisions on provision and access to this level of care. Evidence for models of inpatient treatment for youth with ASD is presented, and key characteristics and consensus recommendations for care are discussed...
March 14, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537331/efficacy-of-early-interventions-for-infants-and-young-children-with-and-at-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorders
#7
Rebecca J Landa
With advances in the field's ability to identify autism spectrum disorders (ASD) at younger ages, the need for information about the evidence-base for early intervention continues to rise. This review of the ASD early intervention (EI) literature focuses on efficacy studies published within the past 15 years. The neurodevelopmental context for early intervention, timing of initiating intervention, primary intervention approaches, and predictors of treatment outcomes are discussed. The evidence indicates that young children with ASD benefit from EI, and their parents learn to implement child-responsive engagement strategies when a parent-coaching intervention is provided...
March 14, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757033/modesty-and-the-elderly-%C3%A2
#8
Bruno Callieri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757032/a-problem-of-institutional-psychiatry-exclusion-as-a-social-and-psychiatric-category
#9
Franco Basaglia, Franca Basaglia Ongaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757031/the-role-of-psychiatry-in-modern-medicine
#10
Andrea Fiorillo, Mario Maj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757030/italian-psychiatry
#11
Dinesh Bhugra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757029/electroshock-%C3%A2
#12
Ugo Cerletti, Lucio Bini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757028/the-legacy-of-italian-psychiatry
#13
Andrea Fiorillo, Antonio Ventriglio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757027/time-for-psychiatry-schizophrenia-as-a-core-issue-of-the-difficulties-of-psychiatry
#14
Carlo Lorenzo Cazzullo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757026/controversial-aspects-of-community-psychiatry-the-italian-experience
#15
Mariano Bassi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757025/metaphors-of-pathology
#16
Giovanni Stanghellini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757024/introduction-to-the-italian-edition-of-the-dsm-5
#17
Mario Maj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757023/is-it-psychiatry-or-the-psychiatrist-that-is-changing-outcome-of-the-psychiatrist-s-evolution
#18
Romolo Rossi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722614/editorial
#19
Roma A Vasa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498298/deconstructing-autism-from-unitary-syndrome-to-contributory-developmental-endophenotypes
#20
John N Constantino
A recent generation of family studies has revealed that autism can be predicted from an array of neurobehavioural susceptibilities that are appreciable before the syndrome is diagnosed, and that each may be traceable to partially-independent sets of genetic variation. Some of these liabilities are not necessarily specific to ASD-those that are non-specific could account for a significant share of the 'missing heritability' of autism, would (by definition) contribute to pleiotropy, and relate to so-called 'co-morbidities', which are inappropriately named if they actually contribute to (or exacerbate) the severity of autism itself...
February 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
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