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International Review of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010452/medical-cannabis-legalization-and-state-level-prevalence-of-serious-mental-illness-in-the-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-nsduh-2008-2015
#1
Lauren M Dutra, William J Parish, Camille K Gourdet, Sarah A Wylie, Jenny L Wiley
Although research has established a link between cannabis legalization and use, and cannabis use and mental health, the relationship between medical cannabis legalization and mental health remains uncharacterized. This analysis investigated the relationship between state medical cannabis laws (restrictive, i.e. covering a narrow set of medical conditions; or liberal, i.e. covering a broad range of medical conditions), whether the law permits patients to petition their physician to approve medical cannabis use for specific medical conditions, and state prevalence of serious mental illness (SMI) in the National Survey of Drug Use and Health 2008-2015...
July 16, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966459/marijuana-matters-reviewing-the-impact-of-marijuana-on-cognition-brain-structure-and-function-exploring-policy-implications-and-barriers-to-research
#2
Kelly A Sagar, Staci A Gruber
The neurobiologic effects of cannabis, commonly referred to as 'marijuana' (MJ), have been studied for decades. The impact of recreational MJ use on cognition and measures of brain function and structure is outlined, and variables influencing study results are discussed, including age of the consumer, patterns of MJ use, variations in MJ potency, and the presence of additional cannabinoids. Although evidence suggests that chronic, heavy recreational MJ use is related to cognitive decrements and neural changes, particularly when use begins in adolescence, findings from studies of recreational MJ users may not be applicable to medical marijuana (MMJ) patients given differences in demographic variables, product selection, and reasons for use...
July 3, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956576/impact-of-cannabis-legalization-on-treatment-and-research-priorities-for-cannabis-use-disorder
#3
Gregory L Sahlem, Rachel L Tomko, Brian J Sherman, Kevin M Gray, Aimee L McRae-Clark
An increasing proportion of the world has legalized cannabis for medicinal or recreational use. The legalization trend appears to be continuing. These changes in the legislative landscape may have important health, treatment, and research implications. This review discusses public health outcomes that may be impacted by increases in cannabis availability and use. It additionally considers potential research and treatment priorities in the face of widespread cannabis legalization.
June 29, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944032/co-use-of-cannabis-tobacco-and-alcohol-during-adolescence-policy-and-regulatory-implications
#4
Nicolas J Schlienz, Dustin C Lee
Legislative reforms have legalized use of cannabis for medical and recreational purposes. Efforts to evaluate the public health impact of these changes have predominantly focused on determining whether liberalizing cannabis policies has increased cannabis use patterns. Co-use of cannabis and other licit substances, namely tobacco and alcohol, is common during the developmental period of adolescence, which is generally characterized by an increase in risk-taking and novelty-seeking. However, limited research has sought to evaluate the potential implications of reforms to medical and recreational cannabis laws on concurrent and simultaneous use of cannabis, tobacco, and alcohol during adolescence...
June 26, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843548/cannabis-regulatory-science-risk-benefit-considerations-for-mental-disorders
#5
Jacob T Borodovsky, Alan J Budney
The evolving legal cannabis landscape in the US continues to present novel regulatory challenges that necessitate the development of a Cannabis Regulatory Science. Two specific issues of concern within Cannabis Regulatory Science are (1) the impact that cannabis use has on the incidence, prevalence, and severity of mental disorders, and (2) how cannabis laws and regulations modify this impact. This paper first provides several conceptual points that are useful for evaluating the relationship between cannabis use and mental disorders...
May 29, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757033/modesty-and-the-elderly-%C3%A2
#6
Bruno Callieri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757032/a-problem-of-institutional-psychiatry-exclusion-as-a-social-and-psychiatric-category
#7
Franco Basaglia, Franca Basaglia Ongaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757031/the-role-of-psychiatry-in-modern-medicine
#8
Andrea Fiorillo, Mario Maj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757030/italian-psychiatry
#9
Dinesh Bhugra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757029/electroshock-%C3%A2
#10
Ugo Cerletti, Lucio Bini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757028/the-legacy-of-italian-psychiatry
#11
Andrea Fiorillo, Antonio Ventriglio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757027/time-for-psychiatry-schizophrenia-as-a-core-issue-of-the-difficulties-of-psychiatry
#12
Carlo Lorenzo Cazzullo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757026/controversial-aspects-of-community-psychiatry-the-italian-experience
#13
Mariano Bassi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757025/metaphors-of-pathology
#14
Giovanni Stanghellini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757024/introduction-to-the-italian-edition-of-the-dsm-5
#15
Mario Maj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757023/is-it-psychiatry-or-the-psychiatrist-that-is-changing-outcome-of-the-psychiatrist-s-evolution
#16
Romolo Rossi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722614/editorial
#17
Roma A Vasa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693461/an-update-on-pharmacotherapy-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
Ritu Goel, Ji Su Hong, Robert L Findling, Na Young Ji
To date, no medication is proven to be effective in treating core symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Psychotropic medications are widely used to target emotional and behavioural symptoms in ASD. This article reviewed evidence for pharmacotherapy, novel therapeutic agents, and Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in children and adolescents with ASD. Currently, only risperidone and aripiprazole have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of irritability associated with ASD in children and adolescents...
February 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683351/co-occurring-psychiatric-conditions-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Tamara E Rosen, Carla A Mazefsky, Roma A Vasa, Matthew D Lerner
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at increased risk for experiencing one or more co-occurring psychiatric conditions. When present, these conditions are associated with additional impairment and distress. It is therefore crucial that clinicians and researchers adequately understand and address these challenges. However, due to symptom overlap, diagnostic overshadowing, and ambiguous symptom presentation in ASD, the assessment of co-occurring conditions in ASD is complex and challenging. Likewise, individual difference factors, such as age, intellectual functioning, and gender, may influence the presentation of co-occurring symptoms...
February 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667863/leo-kanner-and-autism-a-75-year-perspective
#20
James Harris
In 1943, Leo Kanner published the first systematic description of early infantile autism. He concluded that this was a neurodevelopmental disorder and that 'these children have come into the world with an innate inability to form the usual, biologically provided contact with people'. Moreover, his astute descriptions of parental behavior in his first publications were prescient and underlie later recognition of the importance of genetics. Our understanding has grown over the ensuing years with revisions in diagnostic classification, recognition of the broader autism phenotype in families, appreciation of the importance of developmental models, advances in genetic methodology, better understanding of the relationship to intellectual deficits, recognition of syndromic autism in neurogenetic sydromes, advances in neuroimaging, and advances in animal models, both mutant mouse models and transgenic non human primate models...
February 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
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