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Journal of Medical Humanities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523394/introduction-framing-post-aids-and-global-health-discourses-in-2015-and-beyond
#1
EDITORIAL
Gráinne O'Connell
This special issue, entitled "Post-AIDS' and Global Health Discourses: Interdisciplinary Perspectives,' emerged from a one day Medical Humanities symposium at the Leeds Centre for Medical Humanities, at the University of Leeds, England, on February 27th 2015. This special issue focusses on the perceived deprioritising of HIV and AIDS in the Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs, that were launched in 2015. The SDGs function as policy benchmarks for all entities within the United Nations system and they supersede the Millennium Development Goals, or MDGs, which expired in 2015...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516347/uniting-the-pre-health-humanities-with-the-introductory-composition-course
#2
Amy Rubens
Drawing on my experiences at a teaching-focused university, I show how locating the health humanities in first-year or introductory composition courses improves learning and offers an economical, flexible, and far-reaching approach to bringing a health humanities education to all baccalaureate-level learners, regardless of whether they aspire to careers in the health professions. In terms of improving learning, health humanities composition courses support the disciplinary aims of both fields. Accessible, relevant issues in the health humanities, such as interventions in health debates or representations of illness and healthcare settings, nourish the cognitive and social conditions needed to develop college-level writing skills...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516346/site-sector-scope-mapping-the-epistemological-landscape-of-health-humanities
#3
Andrea Charise
This essay presents a critical appraisal of the current state of baccalaureate Health Humanities, with a special focus on the contextual differences currently influencing the implementation of this field in Canada and, to a lesser extent, the United States and United Kingdom. I argue that the epistemological bedrock of Health Humanities goes beyond that generated by its written texts to include three external factors that are especially pertinent to undergraduate education: site (the setting of Health Humanities education), sector (the disciplinary eligibility for funding) and scope (the critical engagement with a program's local context alongside an emergent "core" of Health Humanities knowledge, learning, and practice)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391547/drawing-invisible-wounds-war-comics-and-the-treatment-of-trauma
#4
Joshua M Leone
Since the Vietnam War, graphic novels about war have shifted from simply representing it to portraying avenues for survivors to establish psychological wellness in their lives following traumatic events. While modern diagnostic medicine often looks to science, technology, and medications to treat the psychosomatic damage produced by trauma, my article examines the therapeutic potential of the comics medium with close attention to war comics. Graphic novels draw trauma in a different light: because of the medium's particular combination of words and images in sequence, war comics represent that which is typically unrepresentable, and these books serve as useful tools to promote healing among the psychologically wounded...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389836/temporal-dissonance-south-african-historians-and-the-post-aids-dilemma
#5
Carla Tsampiras
While foregrounding the historiography of HIV and AIDS in the South African context, this article analyses AIDS as simultaneously existing in three spheres: first, virtually - as the subject matter of electronically measurable research; second, academically - as a topic of research in the discipline of History; and third, actually - as a complex health concern and signifier that, via the field of Medical and Health Humanities, could allow for new collaborations between historians and others interested in understanding AIDS...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374285/mono-causal-and-multi-causal-theories-of-disease-how-to-think-virally-and-socially-about-the-aetiology-of-aids
#6
Katherine Furman
In this paper, I utilise the tools of analytic philosophy to amalgamate mono-causal and multi-causal theories of disease. My aim is to better integrate viral and socio-economic explanations of AIDS in particular, and to consider how the perceived divide between mono-causal and multi-causal theories played a role in the tragedy of AIDS denialism in South Africa in the early 2000s. Currently, there is conceptual ambiguity surrounding the relationship between mono-causal and multi-causal theories in biomedicine and epidemiology...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315040/hiv-stigma-gay-identity-and-caste-untouchability-metaphors-of-abjection-in-my-brother%C3%A2-nikhil-the-boyfriend-and-gandu-bagicha
#7
Shamira A Meghani
In this article I read textual metaphors of 'untouchability' in 'post-AIDS' representation as an erasure of structures that condition HIV stigmatization in India. Throughout, my discussion is contextualised by the political economy of HIV and AIDS, which has been productive of particular modern sexual subjects. In the film My Brother…Nikhil, the stigmatization of Nikhil, a gay Indian man living with HIV, is constituted through visual and verbal caste metaphors, which draw on existing subject positions that are elided as 'traditional', residual, and receding...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271258/illness-doula-adding-a-new-role-to-healthcare-practice
#8
Annie Robinson, Danielle Spencer, Brad Lewis
In this article, we explore the possibility of adding a new role to the clinical encounter: an illness doula. Even though research and education in medical humanities and narrative medicine have made improvements in humanizing healthcare, progress is slow and ongoing. There needs to be an intervention in the practice of healthcare now for people currently going through the system. An illness doula, like a birth doula, would facilitate and insure that attention is paid to the personal needs and desires of the patient in the present system...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243819/hiv-and-aids-in-irish-theatre-queer-masculinities-punishment-and-post-aids-culture
#9
Cormac O'Brien
This essay provides a critical survey of key Irish theatre productions that present queer men with HIV or AIDS as a central theme while also seeking to situate several of these productions within the controversial discourse of 'post-AIDS' as it plays out in Irish cultural and social discourses. Through this survey, this essay finds and critically elaborates how a discourse of AIDS as punishment is a common denominator in all of these plays; whether that be as a central metaphor in the drama or conversely as a trope that theatre makers seek to disrupt...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059618/generating-a-social-movement-online-community-through-an-online-discourse-the-case-of-myalgic-encephalomyelitis
#10
Olaug S Lian, Jan Grue
Online communities, created and sustained by people sharing and discussing texts on the internet, play an increasingly important role in social health movements. In this essay, we explore a collective mobilization in miniature through an in-depth analysis of two satiric texts from an online community for people with myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME). By blending a sociological analysis with a rhetorical exploration of these texts, our aim is to grasp the discursive generation of a social movement online community set up by sufferers themselves to negotiate and contest the dominating biomedical perception of their condition...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27000646/saving-or-subordinating-life-popular-views-in-israel-and-germany-of-donor-siblings-created-through-pgd
#11
Aviad Raz, Christina Schües, Nadja Wilhelm, Christoph Rehmann-Sutter
To explore how cultural beliefs are reflected in different popular views of pre-implantation genetic diagnosis for human leukocyte antigen match (popularly known as "savior siblings"), we compare the reception and interpretations, in Germany and Israel, of the novel/film My Sister's Keeper. Qualitative analysis of reviews, commentaries and posts is used to classify and compare normative assessments of PGD for HLA and how they reproduce, negotiate or oppose the national policy and its underlying cultural and ethical premises...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26769315/the-theater-of-war-what-ancient-greek-tragedies-can-teach-us-today-by-bryan-doerries-alfred-a-knopf-2015
#12
Arthur W Frank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26626195/eugenic-world-building-and-disability-the-strange-world-of-kazuo-ishiguro-s-never-let-me-go
#13
Rosemarie Garland-Thomson
A crucial challenge for critical disability studies is developing an argument for why disabled people should inhabit our democratic, shared public sphere. The ideological and material separation of citizens into worthy and unworthy based on physiological variations imagined as immutable differences is what I call eugenic world building. It is justified by the idea that social improvement and freedom of choice require eliminating devalued human traits in the interest of reducing human suffering, increasing life quality, and building a more desirable citizenry...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26585770/meanwhile
#14
Lauren Pischel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25843723/-geraniums-red-and-delphiniums-blue-trauma-ethics-and-medical-communications
#15
Elspeth Graham
More official complaints about medical treatment in the UK relate to poor communications than to wrong diagnoses. This article, in considering the importance of communications training for clinicians, is structured into three sections. From use of a story that introduces the idea of miscommunication and trauma in the first section, the article moves, in the second, to a theorisation of trauma as a concept, addressing issues of intersubjectivity, the relationship between embodied and psychological being, and ethics...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25735620/visualizing-risk-images-risk-and-fear-in-a-health-campaign
#16
Jessica Kuperavage
This essay considers the structure of risk in health campaign formation and design by examining an early 20th century federal campaign to reduce infant mortality. Health campaigns navigate the gap between study and practice, translating quantitative findings into prescriptive responses for individual consumers of the text. By focusing specifically on the visual rhetoric of risk, this campaign serves as a case study to examine how the public was taught to see and understand risk and preventive health at a critical point in the development of public health in the United States...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25656285/the-five-senses-of-haiti
#17
Brett Van Leer-Greenberg
The Five Senses of Haiti discusses a series of medical mission trips by physicians and medical students to the Central Plateau of Haiti delivering care in the outpatient setting. Practitioners describe their experiences through the use of their five senses to draw contrast between modern health care and medical practice in the developing world. Physicians in a resource poor setting are left without the usual diagnostic armamentarium and the safeguards and distractions of the modern hospital setting. This deficit creates an opportunity to devote time and focus to individual patients...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25138207/hospice-comics-representations-of-patient-and-family-experience-of-illness-and-death-in-graphic-novels
#18
M K Czerwiec, Michelle N Huang
Non-fiction graphic novels about illness and death created by patients and their loved ones have much to teach all readers. However, the bond of empathy made possible in the comic form may have special lessons for healthcare providers who read these texts and are open to the insights they provide.
June 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025754/introduction-caregiving-kinship-and-the-making-of-stories
#19
EDITORIAL
Carol Schilling, Mark Osteen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924437/disability-life-writing-and-the-problem-of-dependency-in-the-autobiography-of-gaby-brimmer
#20
Rachel Adams
Independence was a core value of the movement for disability rights. People with disabilities did not have to be dependent, advocates claimed; they were robbed of autonomy by poverty, social prejudice, and architectural barriers. Recently, critics have noted that the emphasis on independence equates personhood with autonomy, reason, and self-awareness, thereby excluding those who are incapable of self-determination. The stigma of dependency is communicated to caregivers whose work is devalued and undercompensated...
March 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
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