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Journal of Medical Humanities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282590/culture-and-context-in-mental-health-diagnosing-scrutinizing-the-dsm-5-revision
#1
Anna Bredström
This article examines the revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and its claim of incorporating a "greater cultural sensitivity." The analysis reveals that the manual conveys mixed messages as it explicitly addresses the critique of being ethnocentric and having a static notion of culture yet continues in a similar fashion when culture is applied in diagnostic criteria. The analysis also relates to current trends in psychiatric nosology that emphasize neurobiology and decontextualize distress and points to how the DSM-5 risks serving as an ethnic dividing line in psychiatry by making sociocultural context relevant only for some patients...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270869/the-ethics-of-care-edited-by-alan-blum-and-stuart-j-murray-london-routledge-2017
#2
Jack Coulehan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270868/the-beauty-in-perfect-imperfection
#3
Stephen Buetow, Katharine Wallis
Modern technologies sanction a new plasticity of physical form. However, the increasing global popularity of aesthetic procedures (re)produces normative beauty ideals in terms of perfection and symmetry. These conditions limit the semblance of freedom by people to control their own bodies. Cultural emancipation may come from principles in Eastern philosophy. These reveal beauty in authenticity, including imperfection. Wabi-sabi acclaims beauty in common irregularity, while kintsugi celebrates beauty in visible signs of repair, like scars...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260448/dancing-intercorporeality-a-health-humanities-perspective-on-dance-as-a-healing-art
#4
Aimie Purser
As a contribution to the burgeoning field of health humanities, this paper seeks to explore the power of dance to mitigate human suffering and reacquaint us with what it means to be human through bringing the embodied practice of dance into dialogue with the work of the French philosopher Maurice Merleau-Ponty. Merleau-Ponty's conceptualisation of subjectivity as embodied and of intersubjectivity as intercorporeality frees us from many of the constraints of Cartesian thinking and opens up a new way of thinking about how dance functions as a healing art through its ability to ground and reconnect us with self, world, and others--with our humanity...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204765/approaches-to-multidimensional-health-in-representations-of-islamic-themes-among-black-male-characters-in-american-film-and-television
#5
Kameron J Copeland
Historically, representations of Islamic themes in media narratives of Black men have been characterized by personal transformations in the midst of surviving in crime-ridden inner city areas. These young Black men are usually at-risk due to their statuses as Black, economically disadvantaged men. Beginning with Malcolm X and Alex Haley's The Autobiography of Malcolm X, the Black male Islamic redemption narrative has become a common theme in Black popular culture, as it is usually supplemented with unique methods of confronting the various dimensions of health...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188407/colonialist-pasts-and-afrosurrealist-futures-decolonizing-race-and-doctorhood-in-doctor-who
#6
Saljooq M Asif, Cindy Saenz
Originally premiering in 1963, the BBC television series Doctor Who has long been criticized for essentializing colonial scenarios and failing to address issues of race and post-colonial realities. As a white male with the privilege to explore time and space, the titular Doctor stands in contrast to his human companion Martha Jones, a Black woman who represents the first and only main character in the show to be a medical professional of color. The relationship between the Doctor and Martha inherently demands an exploration of the meaning of doctorhood...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170987/from-girlhood-to-motherhood-rituals-of-childbirth-and-obstetrical-medicine-re-examined-through-john-milton
#7
Ashleigh Frayne
This article considers how seventeenth-century writer John Milton engages in modes of thinking that register the obstetric revolution occurring during the period. During a time when physicians were gaining entry to the birthing room, a medical rhetoric of childbirth was developing that cast childbirth in new pathological terms. Milton's A Masque Presented at Ludlow Castle demonstrates how childbirth was influenced by emerging obstetrical language and practice, as well as the ways in which a writer might question such influence...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152670/double-voicing-and-personhood-in-collaborative-life-writing-about-autism-the-transformative-narrative-of-carly-s-voice
#8
Monica Orlando
Collaborative memoirs by co-writers with and without autism can enable the productive interaction of the voices of the writers in ways that can empower rather than exploit the disabled subject. Carly's Voice, co-written by Arthur Fleischmann and his autistic daughter Carly, demonstrates the capacity for such life narratives to facilitate the relational interaction between writers in the negotiation of understandings of disability. Though the text begins by focusing on the limitations of life with autism, it develops into a collaboration which helps both writers move toward new ways of understanding disability and their own and one another's life stories...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143889/beyond-pathologizing-harm-understanding-ptsd-in-the-context-of-war-experience
#9
Patricia Benner, Jodi Halpern, Deborah R Gordon, Catherine Long Popell, Patricia W Kelley
An alternative to objectifying approaches to understanding Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) grounded in hermeneutic phenomenology is presented. Nurses who provided care for soldiers injured in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, and sixty-seven wounded male servicemen in the rehabilitation phase of their recovery were interviewed. PTSD is the one major psychiatric diagnosis where social causation is established, yet PTSD is predominantly viewed in terms of the usual neuro-physiological causal models with traumatic social events viewed as pathogens with dose related effects...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143888/-the-art-of-insulin-treatment-diabetes-insulin-and-the-1920s
#10
Kirsten E Gardner
Soon after the discovery of insulin in the early 1920s, the popular press celebrated the miraculous discovery. Although insulin had no curative effect on the chronic state of diabetes, it was frequently heralded as a "cure." This paper examines how the discovery of insulin intersected with the rise of diabetic technology and the transfer of medical technology to the home setting. By analyzing diabetic manuals written for patients and physicians, letters exchanged between patient and physician, medical journals, magazines and newspapers, I trace how patients learned about insulin and more significantly how patients adopted measurement technologies designed to allow better home administration of insulin...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134473/doctor-anonymous-creating-contexts-for-homosexuality-as-mental-illness
#11
Guy Fredrick Glass
In this essay, the author describes how he faced institutionalized homophobia during his psychiatric training, and how he later wrote a play inspired by the life of a gay psychiatrist. Despite Freud's supportive stance, homosexuality aroused the antipathy of American organized psychiatry and psychoanalysis and came to be listed as an illness in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). Dr. John E. Fryer outed himself as "Dr. H Anonymous" at a 1972 meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, and the next year homosexuality was removed from the DSM...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130126/bodies-in-genres-of-practice-johann-ulrich-bilguer-s-fight-to-reduce-field-amputations
#12
David R Gruber
This paper examines Johann Ulrich Bilguer's 1761 dissertation on the inutility of amputation practices, examining reasons for its influence despite its nonconformance to genre expectations. I argue that Bilguer's narratives of patient suffering, his rhetorical likening of surgeons to soldiers, and his attention to the horrific experiences of war surgeons all contribute to the dissertation's wide impact. Ultimately, the dissertation offers an example of affective rhetorics employed during the Enlightenment, demonstrating how bodies and environments-those "ambient rhetorics" made visible in a text-can contribute to an analysis of genre deviations and widen the scope of genre studies...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130125/towards-the-womb-of-neonatal-intensive-care
#13
Michael A van Manen
Within the mother's womb, life finds its first stirrings. The womb shelters the fetus, the growing child within. We recognize the existential traces of a wombed existence when a newborn calms in response to being held; when a newborn stills in response to his or her mother's heartbeat; and, when a newborn startles in the presence of bright light. Yet, how does experiential human life begin within another human being? What are the conditions and paths of becoming for the fetus within the womb? And for the child born early, what "womb" welcomes the premature child in neonatal intensive care?...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110114/medical-humanities-teaching-in-north-american-allopathic-and-osteopathic-medical-schools
#14
Craig M Klugman
Although the AAMC requires annual reporting of medical humanities teaching, most literature is based on single-school case reports and studies using information reported on schools' websites. This study sought to discover what medical humanities is offered in North American allopathic and osteopathic undergraduate medical schools. An 18-question, semi-structured survey was distributed to all 146 (as of June 2016) member schools of the American Association of Medical Colleges and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105000/introduction-imagining-contexts-for-mental-illness
#15
Woods Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101584/the-yard-sale
#16
Woods Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098511/why-i-like-scratchy-records
#17
Martin Kohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098510/another-day
#18
Namrata Gumaste
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082459/as-the-twig-is-bent
#19
Adrian Chapman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071501/all-clear
#20
Sylvia S Villarreal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
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