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Journal of Medical Humanities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078604/authenticity-in-anatomy-art
#1
Jessica Adkins
The aim of this paper is to observe the evolution and evaluate the 'realness' and authenticity in Anatomy Art, an art form I define as one which incorporates accurate anatomical representations of the human body with artistic expression. I examine the art of 17th century wax anatomical models, the preservations of Frederik Ruysch, and Gunther von Hagens' Body Worlds plastinates, giving consideration to authenticity of both body and art. I give extra consideration to the works of Body Worlds since the exhibit creator believes he has created anatomical specimens with more educational value and bodily authenticity than ever before...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062944/what-pauline-doesn-t-know-using-guided-fiction-writing-to-educate-health-professionals-about-cultural-competence
#2
Lise Saffran
Research linking reading literary fiction to empathy supports health humanities programs in which reflective writing accompanies close readings of texts, both to explore principles of storytelling (narrative arc and concrete language) and to promote an examination of biases in care. Little attention has been paid to the possible contribution of guided fiction-writing in health humanities curricula toward enhancing cultural competence among health professionals, both clinical and community-based. Through an analysis of the short story "Pie Dance" by Molly Giles, juxtaposed with descriptions of specific writing exercises, this paper explains how the demands of writing fiction promote cultural competency...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062943/the-arrival
#3
Ryan Childers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062942/what-money-cannot-buy-and-what-money-ought-not-buy-dignity-motives-and-markets-in-human-organ-procurement-debates
#4
Ryan Gillespie
Given the current organ shortage, a prevalent alternative to the altruism-based policy is a market-based solution: pay people for their organs. Receiving much popular and scholarly attention, a salient normative argument against neoliberal pressures is the preservation of human dignity. This article examines how advocates of both the altruistic status quo and market challengers reason and weigh the central normative concept of dignity, meant as inherent worth and/or rank. Key rhetorical strategies, including motivations and broader social visions, of the two positions are analyzed and evaluated, and the separation of morally normative understandings of dignity from market encroachment is defended...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032302/the-1925-diphtheria-antitoxin-run-to-nome-alaska-a-public-health-illustration-of-human-animal-collaboration
#5
Basil H Aboul-Enein, William C Puddy, Jacquelyn E Bowser
Diphtheria is an acute toxin-mediated superficial infection of the respiratory tract or skin caused by the aerobic gram-positive bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The epidemiology of infection and clinical manifestations of the disease vary in different parts of the world. Historical accounts of diphtheria epidemics have been described in many parts of the world since antiquity. Developed in the late 19th century, the diphtheria antitoxin (DAT) played a pivotal role in the history of public health and vaccinology prior to the advent of the diphtheria-tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032301/from-disabled-students-to-disabled-brains-the-medicalizing-power-of-rhetorical-images-in-the-israeli-learning-disabilities-field
#6
Ofer Katchergin
The neurocentric worldview that identifies the essence of the human being with the material brain has become a central paradigm in current academic discourse. Israeli researchers also seek to understand educational principles and processes via neuroscientific models. On this background, the article uncovers the central role that visual brain images play in the learning-disabilities field in Israel. It examines the place brain images have in the professional imagination of didactic-diagnosticians as well as their influence on the diagnosticians' clinical attitudes...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025754/introduction-caregiving-kinship-and-the-making-of-stories
#7
EDITORIAL
Carol Schilling, Mark Osteen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025753/-gushing-out-blood-defloration-and-menstruation-in-memoirs-of-a-woman-of-pleasure
#8
Sara Read
John Cleland's 1740s pornographic novel, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure repeatedly depicts and eroticises the act of defloration. As such it is a revealing illustration of what Ivan Bloch termed the 'defloration mania' of the eighteenth century. This article maps narrative events on to contemporary medical depictions of first intercourse to show the ways that the theories and ideas presented in medical and pseudo-medical texts transferred into erotic fiction and demonstrates how in some instances the bloody defloration scenes can be read as being sex during menstruation, an act which was culturally forbidden at this time...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966059/the-role-of-the-curator-in-modern-hospitals-a-transcontinental-perspective
#9
Hilary Moss, Desmond O'Neill
This paper explores the role of the curator in hospitals. The arts play a significant role in every society; however, recent studies indicate a neglect of the aesthetic environment of healthcare. This international study explores the complex role of the curator in modern hospitals. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten arts specialists in hospitals across five countries and three continents for a qualitative, phenomenological study. Five themes arose from the data: (1) Patient involvement and influence on the arts programme in hospital (2) Understanding the role of the curator in hospital (3) Influences on arts programming in hospital (4) Types of arts programmes (5) Limitations to effective curation in hospital...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928653/domesticating-deathcare-the-women-of-the-u-s-natural-deathcare-movement
#10
Philip R Olson
This article examines the women-led natural deathcare movment in the early 21(st) century U.S., focusing upon the movement's non-coincidental epistemological and gender-political similarities to the natural childbirth movement. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach and drawing upon the author's intensive interviews with pioneers and leaders of the U.S. natural deathcare movement, as well as from the author's own participation in the movement, this article argues that the political similarities between the countercultural natural childbirth and natural deathcare movements reveal a common cultural provocation-one that spans the natal transition and the fatal transition...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924437/disability-life-writing-and-the-problem-of-dependency-in-the-autobiography-of-gaby-brimmer
#11
Rachel Adams
Independence was a core value of the movement for disability rights. People with disabilities did not have to be dependent, advocates claimed; they were robbed of autonomy by poverty, social prejudice, and architectural barriers. Recently, critics have noted that the emphasis on independence equates personhood with autonomy, reason, and self-awareness, thereby excluding those who are incapable of self-determination. The stigma of dependency is communicated to caregivers whose work is devalued and undercompensated...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913922/legacy-1
#12
Tess Hurson-Maginess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909936/disability-depression-diagnosis-and-harm-reflections-on-two-personal-scenarios
#13
G Thomas Couser
In this article I draw on two scenarios from my personal life-the diagnosis of my newborn grandnephew with CHARGE syndrome and the diagnosis of my father with depression-to reflect on whether and when diagnosis may be harmful to patients (and their families). Despite the great differences between the two scenarios, I argue that in both cases the tendency of diagnosis to generalize, categorize, and stigmatize can lead to insidious and counterproductive effects. The perspective of disability studies can help physicians to anticipate, minimize or avoid these negative ramifications...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909935/nation-narration-and-health-in-mohamedou-ould-slahi-s-guant%C3%A3-namo-diary
#14
Neil Krishan Aggarwal
Scholars have mostly analyzed information from mental health practitioners, attorneys, and institutions to critique mental health practices in the War on Terror. These sources offer limited insights into the suffering of detainees. Detainee accounts provide novel information based on their experiences at Guantánamo. Mohamedou Ould Slahi's Guantánamo Diary is the only text from a current detainee that provides a first-person account of his interrogations and interactions with health professionals. Despite being advertised as a diary, however, it has undergone redaction from American government officials...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888382/-say-your-favorite-poet-in-the-world-is-lying-there-eileen-myles-james-schuyler-and-the-queer-intimacies-of-care
#15
Libbie Rifkin
This article closely reads "Chelsea Girls," an autobiographical short story by Eileen Myles that depicts her experience caring for the diabetic, bipolar poet James Schuyler when she was a young writer getting started in East Village in the late 1970s. Their dependency relationship is a form of queer kinship, an early version of the caring relations between lesbians and gay men that HIV/AIDS would demand over the next two decades as chosen families emerged to nurture gay men and lesbians rejected by their families of origin...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888381/listening-to-quackery-reading-john-wesley-s-primitive-physic-in-an-age-of-health-care-reform
#16
Daniel Skinner, Adam Schneider
This article uses a reading of John Wesley's Primitive Physic, or An Easy and Natural Method of Curing Most Diseases (1747) to resist the common rejection-often as "quackery"-of Wesley's treatments for common maladies. We engage Wesley not because he was right but because his approach offers useful moments of pause in light of contemporary medical epistemology. Wesley's recommendations were primarily oriented towards the categories of personal responsibility and capability, but he also sought to empower individuals-especially the poor-with the knowledge to safely and affordably treat maladies of their own...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838869/the-gentleman-vanishes-dementia-caretaking-and-the-life-of-the-mind
#17
Michele Taillon Taylor
This essay recounts the author's journey with her father during his prolonged decline due to dementia. The experience pushed her to break out of the confines of conventional scholarly research in her academic field of architectural history to a multi-disciplinary consideration of nineteenth-century environmental, sensory and horticultural therapies for the mentally ill. During her father's illness, she discovered the tangible therapeutic benefits of momentary engagements with his environment through his five senses and through the emotional filter of poetry...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819114/looking-after-iris-john-bayley-s-elegy-for-the-living
#18
Carol Schilling
John Bayley's Elegy for Iris, his memoir about living with Iris Murdoch after the onset of dementia, unsettles models of mind and agency that ignore human relationship, dependency, and the vulnerabilities of the cared for and the carer. Experiencing Iris as ambiguously absent and present while he attentively cares for her, Bayley frames his memoir as an elegy, a reflection on love and loss that conventionally represents two subjects-the author and the one he lost. Bayley's acts of care and his stories about his wife, both as she was and as she has become, sustain her moral worth as a person...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774568/-in-the-nicu-and-another-hospital-poem
#19
Steve Cushman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651337/burying-ground
#20
Jennifer Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
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