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Journal of Medical Humanities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143889/beyond-pathologizing-harm-understanding-ptsd-in-the-context-of-war-experience
#1
Patricia Benner, Jodi Halpern, Deborah R Gordon, Catherine Long Popell, Patricia W Kelley
An alternative to objectifying approaches to understanding Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) grounded in hermeneutic phenomenology is presented. Nurses who provided care for soldiers injured in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, and sixty-seven wounded male servicemen in the rehabilitation phase of their recovery were interviewed. PTSD is the one major psychiatric diagnosis where social causation is established, yet PTSD is predominantly viewed in terms of the usual neuro-physiological causal models with traumatic social events viewed as pathogens with dose related effects...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143888/-the-art-of-insulin-treatment-diabetes-insulin-and-the-1920s
#2
Kirsten E Gardner
Soon after the discovery of insulin in the early 1920s, the popular press celebrated the miraculous discovery. Although insulin had no curative effect on the chronic state of diabetes, it was frequently heralded as a "cure." This paper examines how the discovery of insulin intersected with the rise of diabetic technology and the transfer of medical technology to the home setting. By analyzing diabetic manuals written for patients and physicians, letters exchanged between patient and physician, medical journals, magazines and newspapers, I trace how patients learned about insulin and more significantly how patients adopted measurement technologies designed to allow better home administration of insulin...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134473/doctor-anonymous-creating-contexts-for-homosexuality-as-mental-illness
#3
Guy Fredrick Glass
In this essay, the author describes how he faced institutionalized homophobia during his psychiatric training, and how he later wrote a play inspired by the life of a gay psychiatrist. Despite Freud's supportive stance, homosexuality aroused the antipathy of American organized psychiatry and psychoanalysis and came to be listed as an illness in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). Dr. John E. Fryer outed himself as "Dr. H Anonymous" at a 1972 meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, and the next year homosexuality was removed from the DSM...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130126/bodies-in-genres-of-practice-johann-ulrich-bilguer-s-fight-to-reduce-field-amputations
#4
David R Gruber
This paper examines Johann Ulrich Bilguer's 1761 dissertation on the inutility of amputation practices, examining reasons for its influence despite its nonconformance to genre expectations. I argue that Bilguer's narratives of patient suffering, his rhetorical likening of surgeons to soldiers, and his attention to the horrific experiences of war surgeons all contribute to the dissertation's wide impact. Ultimately, the dissertation offers an example of affective rhetorics employed during the Enlightenment, demonstrating how bodies and environments-those "ambient rhetorics" made visible in a text-can contribute to an analysis of genre deviations and widen the scope of genre studies...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130125/towards-the-womb-of-neonatal-intensive-care
#5
Michael A van Manen
Within the mother's womb, life finds its first stirrings. The womb shelters the fetus, the growing child within. We recognize the existential traces of a wombed existence when a newborn calms in response to being held; when a newborn stills in response to his or her mother's heartbeat; and, when a newborn startles in the presence of bright light. Yet, how does experiential human life begin within another human being? What are the conditions and paths of becoming for the fetus within the womb? And for the child born early, what "womb" welcomes the premature child in neonatal intensive care?...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110114/medical-humanities-teaching-in-north-american-allopathic-and-osteopathic-medical-schools
#6
Craig M Klugman
Although the AAMC requires annual reporting of medical humanities teaching, most literature is based on single-school case reports and studies using information reported on schools' websites. This study sought to discover what medical humanities is offered in North American allopathic and osteopathic undergraduate medical schools. An 18-question, semi-structured survey was distributed to all 146 (as of June 2016) member schools of the American Association of Medical Colleges and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105000/introduction-imagining-contexts-for-mental-illness
#7
Woods Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101584/the-yard-sale
#8
Woods Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098511/why-i-like-scratchy-records
#9
Martin Kohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098510/another-day
#10
Namrata Gumaste
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082459/as-the-twig-is-bent
#11
Adrian Chapman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071501/all-clear
#12
Sylvia S Villarreal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030783/the-head-the-heart-and-hysteria-in-jeanne-flore-s-tales-and-trials-of-love-c-1542
#13
Kelly Digby Peebles
This essay examines a challenge to common literary representations of female mental illness in the Early Modern period-the hysterical woman-in a collection of French short stories contemporary to Vesalius's De Fabrica: Jeanne Flore's Tales and Trials of Love (1542). Jeanne Flore's tales depict several mentally disturbed female protagonists, young women prone to paroxysms of madness and self-mutilation. This study maintains that while Tales and Trials of Love superficially participates in the literary tradition that grew out of those accepted social and medical beliefs, it also questions the long-accepted paradigm of female hysteria and points to a shift in the socio-medical climate...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027619/-even-heroes-get-depressed-sponsorship-and-self-stigma-in-canada-s-mental-illness-awareness-week
#14
Loren Gaudet
In 1992, the Canadian Psychiatric Association launched Canada's first national campaign against mental illness, Mental Illness Awareness Week (MIAW). I stress that pharmaceutical sponsorship of the first five years of MIAW (1992-1997) was integral to shaping the trajectory of the campaign and marks a shift in the way stigma is conceived and resisted in Canada: what was an interpersonal process based on social norms becomes refigured as "self-stigma," or an individualized process in which lack of information, education, and self-assessment contribute to an inability to consider oneself as at-risk for a disease, condition, or disorder...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027618/moral-injury-contextualized-care
#15
Keith G Meador, Jason A Nieuwsma
Amidst the return of military personnel from post-9/11 conflicts, a construct describing the readjustment challenges of some has received increasing attention: moral injury. This term has been variably defined with mental health professionals more recently conceiving of it as a transgression of moral beliefs and expectations that are witnessed, perpetrated, or allowed by the individual. To the extent that morality is a system of conceptualizing right and wrong, individuals' moral systems are in large measure developmentally and socially derived and interpreted...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975579/beyond-the-chief-complaint-our-patients-worries
#16
V M Chau, J T Engeln, S Axelrath, S J Khatter, R Kwon, M A Melton, M C Reinsvold, V M Staley, J To, K J Tanabe, R Wojcik
Fourth-year medical students at the University of Colorado School of Medicine distributed cards to patients in the emergency department asking, "What Worries You Most?" The patients' responses provided insight about their most pressing concerns, often unrelated to their "chief complaints."
October 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956347/unending-narrative-one-sided-empathy-and-problematic-contexts-of-interaction-in-david-foster-wallace-s-the-depressed-person
#17
Ellen Defossez
In 1997, David Foster Wallace published "The Depressed Person," a short story about a privileged, deeply unhappy woman dedicated to exploring and recounting the texture and etiology of her chronic depression. This essay argues that "The Depressed Person" challenges the long-standing assumption that narrativizing the pain of depression is crucial to overcoming it, and the contemporary view that empathic responses from others promote recovery of the depressed. Taken together, these two critiques inform Wallace's portrayal of chronic depression as an interactive phenomenon that is articulated, sustained, and regenerated through problematic contexts of interaction...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956346/reimagining-the-cuckoo-s-nest
#18
David A Rochefort
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1962) by Ken Kesey and The Devil in Silver (2012) by Victor LaValle are two novels that focus on mental hospitalization as a medical and social practice. Published fifty years apart, however, the books possess important differences in setting, method, and message reflecting the times that spawned them. The purpose of this paper is to examine the changing documentary and metaphorical uses of the asylum novel by comparing an iconic work in the genre with a respectful, but divergent, successor...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891019/uncivilizing-mental-illness-contextualizing-diverse-mental-states-and-posthuman-emotional-ecologies-within-the-icarus-project
#19
Erica Hua Fletcher
This article argues humans should not be defined strictly at their physical boundaries with clear distinctions between anatomical bodies, mental states, and the rest of the world. Rather, diverse mental states, which are often diagnosed as "mental illness," take shape within greater environmental forces and flows, including those that are constructed online. Drawing from a multi-sited ethnography of The Icarus Project, a radical mental health community, the author situates online narratives written by two of its members within posthuman emotional ecologies in which the exchange of ideas online affects mental states in a profound way...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891018/patch
#20
James M Wilkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
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