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Journal of Invasive Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138366/lower-repeat-revascularization-rates-among-patients-with-prior-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-are-due-to-lack-of-adequate-target-vessels
#1
Anirudh Kumar, John F Wagener, Daniel Wojdyla, W Schuyler Jones, Manesh R Patel, Sunil V Rao
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) have shown lower repeat revascularization rates in patients who undergo CABG. The reason remains unclear. METHODS: We identified patients with multivessel CAD who received CABG or PCI enrolled in the Duke Databank for Cardiovascular Disease (2003 to 2012). We compared the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) between the two groups...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138365/one-year-clinical-outcomes-of-the-hybrid-cto-revascularization-strategy-after-hospital-discharge-a-subanalysis-of-the-multicenter-recharge-registry
#2
Joren Maeremans, Alexandre Avran, Simon Walsh, Paul Knaapen, Colm G Hanratty, Benjamin Faurie, Pierfrancesco Agostoni, Erwan Bressollette, Peter Kayaert, Dave Smith, Alexander Chase, Margaret B Mcentegart, William H T Smith, Alun Harcombe, John Irving, Andrew Ladwiniec, James C Spratt, Jo Dens
OBJECTIVES: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusion (CTO) has historically been associated with higher event rates during follow-up. The hybrid algorithm and contemporary wiring and dissection re-entry (DR) techniques can potentially improve long-term outcomes after CTO-PCI. This study assessed the long-term clinical outcomes of the hybrid CTO practice, when applied by operators with varying experience levels. METHODS: We examined the 1-year clinical events after hospital discharge of the RECHARGE population, according to technical outcome and final technique...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138364/retrograde-cto-pci-of-native-coronary-arteries-via-left-internal-mammary-artery-grafts-insights-from-a-multicenter-u-s-registry
#3
Peter Tajti, Aris Karatasakis, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Khaldoon Alaswad, Farouc A Jaffer, Robert W Yeh, Mitul Patel, Ehtisham Mahmud, James W Choi, Anthony H Doing, Catalin Toma, Barry Uretsky, Santiago Garcia, Jeffrey W Moses, Manish Parikh, Ajay Kirtane, Ziad A Ali, Raja Hatem, Judit Karacsonyi, Barbara A Danek, Bavana V Rangan, Subhash Banerjee, Imre Ungi, Emmanouil S Brilakis
BACKGROUND: Retrograde percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of native coronary artery chronic total occlusion (CTO) via left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft has received limited study. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared the clinical and procedural characteristics and outcomes of retrograde CTO-PCI through LIMA grafts vs other conduits in a contemporary multicenter CTO registry. The LIMA was used as the collateral channel in 20 of 990 retrograde CTO-PCIs (2...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035846/current-perspectives-and-practices-on-chronic-total-occlusion-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#4
Siddharth M Patel, Rohan V Menon, M Nicolas Burke, Farouc A Jaffer, Robert W Yeh, Minh Vo, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Lorenzo Azzalini, Mauro Carlino, Kambis Mashayekhi, Alfredo R Galassi, Stephane Rinfret, Stephen G Ellis, Mitul Patel, Bavana V Rangan, Aris Karatasakis, Barbara A Danek, Judit Karacsonyi, Erica Resendes, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine contemporary perspectives and practices on chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: The frequency and success of CTO-PCI have been increasing in recent years. METHODS: An online questionnaire was created and distributed to cardiologists within the United States and internationally. RESULTS: A total of 1149 responses were obtained. The United States (n = 845; 73...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035845/radiation-reduction-in-the-pediatric-catheterization-laboratory-using-a-novel-imaging-system
#5
Stephen Manu, Patcharapong Suntharos, Gerard J Boyle, Lu Wang, Lourdes R Prieto
OBJECTIVES: Radiation dose was compared between two modern imaging systems with different x-ray tube technology (Megalix vs Gigalix) and detector type (amorphous vs crystalline silicon) at the same institution. BACKGROUND: Further reduction in radiation dose than currently reported may be achievable with advances in x-ray tube and detector technology. METHODS: Radiation dose (air kerma, dose-area product [DAP]) was retrospectively compared for post-transplant pediatric patients undergoing right heart catheterization/biopsy (fluoroscopy only) or "annual" catheterization with coronary angiography in one of two imaging systems between January 2014 and December 2016...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035844/comparison-of-radial-access-guided-femoral-access-and-non-guided-femoral-access-among-women-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#6
Linda M Koshy, Laura H Aberle, Mitchell W Krucoff, Connie N Hess, Ernest Mazzaferri, Sanjit S Jolly, Alice Jacobs, C Michael Gibson, Roxana Mehran, Ian C Gilchrist, Sunil V Rao
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the association between radial access, guided femoral access, and non-guided femoral access on postprocedural bleeding and vascular complications after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Bleeding events and major vascular complications after PCI are associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and cost. While the radial approach has been shown to be superior to the femoral approach in reducing bleeding and vascular complications, whether the use of micropuncture, fluoroscopy, or ultrasound mitigates these differences is unknown...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915510/drug-eluting-vs-bare-metal-stents-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-coronary-artery-disease-insights-from-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Alexander Volodarskiy, Sunil Kumar, Radoslaw Pracon, Mandeep Sidhu, Evgeny Kretov, Tomasz Mazurek, Olga Bockeria, Upendra Kaul, Sripal Bangalore
BACKGROUND: Most drug-eluting stent (DES) trials have excluded patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The efficacy of DES implantation in patients with CKD is therefore not known. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes with DES vs bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation in patients with CKD. METHODS AND RESULTS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL were searched for studies including at least 100 patients with CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≤60 mL/min/1...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915509/device-motion-indication-a-novel-image-based-tool-to-measure-relative-device-motion-during-coronary-intervention
#8
Rami Abu Fanne, Simcha Ron Meisel, Avraham Shotan, Aharon Frimerman
BACKGROUND: Movement of the stent delivery system in the coronary bed as a result of the cardiac cycle is a well-known clinical observation that usually is either underestimated or ignored. This effect may potentially jeopardize precise stent deployment. We used a novel technology to objectively measure the relative intracoronary device motion in the different coronary segments throughout the cardiac cycle. METHODS: A total of 193 patients undergoing coronary angiography were enrolled and their studies were analyzed for device movement using the SyncVision System (Philips Volcano)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915508/preoperative-intraaortic-balloon-pump-improves-early-outcomes-following-high-risk-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials-and-prospective-study-design
#9
Penelope P Rampersad, Jacob A Udell, Rami Zawi, Maral Ouzounian, Christopher B Overgaard, Vinoda Sharma, Vivek Rao, Michael E Farkouh, Vladimír Džavík
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread use, evidence to support preemptive intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) insertion for patients undergoing high-risk coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery remains sparse, and in need of a well-defined clinical trial. To inform the design of a prospective trial, we sought to review outcomes in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of anticipatory IABP use vs control in patients undergoing high-risk CABG through meta-analysis. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality within 30 days of surgery...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207373/a-novel-simple-and-safe-technique-for-retrieving-a-crushed-stent-from-the-coronary-artery-balloon-assisted-stent-retraction
#10
Hesham K Abdelaziz, Jonas Eichhofer, Billal Patel
Various percutaneous methods have been described for the retrieval of damaged stents; however, these methods can be complex and carry a risk of stent embolization or vascular damage. We present a simple and safe technique using a compliant balloon for stent retrieval.
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207372/catheter-induced-coronary-spasm-serious-but-preventable
#11
Farshad Forouzandeh, Alexander V Smolensky
While catheter-induced spasm is considered to be rare, it needs to be ruled out (especially in cases of left main stenosis) to avoid unnecessary revascularization. We present a patient where the underlying tendency for coronary spasm was so high, the severe spasm was possibly the underlying cause of a prior cardiac arrest episode.
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207371/caught-in-time-when-ivc-filters-save-lives
#12
Anwar Zaitoun, Nikhil Ambulgekar, Andrew Boshara, Saroj Neupane, Antonious Attallah
Inferior vena cava filters are indicated in patients with venous thromboembolic disease in whom anticoagulation is a contraindication. This case highlights the importance of inferior vena cava filter placement in patients with extensive proximal deep vein thromboses in order to prevent massive pulmonary emboli, possibly associated with sudden cardiac death.
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207370/a-bleeding-heart-coronary-cameral-fistula-after-septal-myomectomy
#13
Daniel Walters, Ryan Reeves, Lawrence Ang, Ali Pourdjabbar, Ehtisham Mahmud
Coronary-cameral fistulas are relatively rare communications arising within the coronary vasculature entering into one of the four cardiac chambers. This case highlights a striking angiographic example of coronary-cameral fistula occurring after septal myomectomy, a complication occurring somewhat frequently with typical spontaneous resolution.
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207369/young-athlete-with-complex-aneurysmal-coronary-stenosis
#14
Eric P Stahl, Farshad Forouzandeh, Brent P Little, Habib Samady
Kawasaki disease is an acute vasculitis that occurs predominantly in infants and children younger than 5 years old. If undiagnosed and untreated, the risk of developing coronary artery aneurysms increases to about 20%. In patients who present with angina and are found to have coronary artery aneurysm on imaging and angiography, Kawasaki disease should be considered as one of the leading diagnoses.
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207368/the-reverse-t-stenting-and-small-protrusion-technique-a-novel-technique-for-coronary-bifurcation-lesions
#15
Ioannis Tsiafoutis, Theodoros Zografos, Athanasios Antonakopoulos, Michael Koutouzis, Grigorios Tsigkas, Nikolaos Bourboulis, Apostolos Katsivas
Bifurcation lesions may be encountered in approximately 15%-20% of percutaneous coronary interventions. A 2-stent approach is required in up to 30% of these procedures. We describe a novel technique based on a modification of TAP stenting, suitable for procedures where a 2-stent strategy is predetermined.
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207367/subadventitial-advancement-of-a-mother-and-child-catheter-to-allow-successful-recanalization-of-a-complex-in-stent-chronic-total-occlusion-testing-the-resistance-of-the-adventitia
#16
Luciano Candilio, Satoru Mitomo, Mauro Carlino, Antonio Colombo, Lorenzo Azzalini
In-stent chronic total occlusion (CTO) represents a challenging lesion subset for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and although a true-to-true lumen crossing is the first-line strategy, a subadventitial approach may become necessary. Here we describe a case of successful in-stent right coronary artery CTO-PCI performed with subadventitial crossing, crushing of the occluded stents, and advancement of a mother-and-child catheter to the distal right coronary artery through the subadventitial space to allow stent delivery...
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207366/differences-in-approaches-and-outcomes-of-defibrillator-lead-implants-between-high-volume-and-low-volume-operators-results-from-the-pacemaker-and-implantable-defibrillator-leads-survival-study-paidless
#17
Zohaib A Shaikh, Jessica A Chung, Daniel J Kersten, Alyssa M Feldman, Wilbur J Asheld, Joseph Germano, Shahidul Islam, Todd J Cohen
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between operator volume and implantable defibrillator lead failure and patient mortality at a single large implanting center. METHODS: This study analyzed the differences between high-volume and low-volume defibrillator implanters in the Pacemaker and Implantable Defibrillator Lead Survival Study ("PAIDLESS") between February 1, 1996 and December 31, 2011 at NYU Winthrop Hospital. "High-volume" was defined as performing ≥500 implants over the study period, while "low-volume" was defined as performing <500 implants...
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207365/thirty-day-outcomes-in-100-consecutive-patients-undergoing-transfemoral-aortic-valve-replacement-with-the-portico-valve-on-an-all-comer-basis
#18
Silvia Mas-Peiro, Mariuca Vasa-Nicotera, Helge Weiler, Nestoras Papadopoulos, Roberta De Rosa, Andreas M Zeiher, Stephan Fichtlscherer
OBJECTIVES: Transcatheter heart valves such as the self-expandable Portico valve (St. Jude Medical) are being developed to overcome limitations of first-generation devices. Since clinical experience with this valve is still limited in a real-world setting, we investigated its use on an all-comer basis. METHODS: Between October 2015 and October 2016, a total of 100 consecutive patients assessed for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and found suitable for the Portico valve were included...
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207364/transpedal-access-for-the-management-of-complex-peripheral-artery-disease
#19
Konstantinos Marmagkiolis, Partha Sardar, Jihad A Mustapha, Miguel Montero-Baker, Konstantinos Charitakis, Cezar Iliescu, Dmitriy N Feldman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transpedal access for the management of complex peripheral artery disease (PAD). INTRODUCTION: Critical limb ischemia is associated with high risk of limb loss, as well as cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Transpedal access is a novel, increasingly utilized technique for the management of complex PAD. METHODS: We performed a literature search using PubMed from January 2003 to December 2016...
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207363/improvement-in-aortic-valve-area-in-patients-with-aortic-stenosis-through-use-of-a-new-hourglass-shaped-valvuloplasty-balloon
#20
Elizabeth Goldenberg, Wesley Pedersen, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Michael Mooney, Mario Gössl, Anil Poulose, Bilal Murad, James Kolbeck, Paul Sorajja
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to assess the effect of hourglass-shaped V8 and TAV8 balloons (InterValve, Inc) on aortic valve area (AVA) and other outcomes in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV). BAV has re-emerged with transcatheter therapy. Cylindrical balloons have been the device of choice despite limitations. The hourglass-shaped balloons, with shorter, broader segments separated by a narrowed waist, permit enhanced fixation and better leaflet opening without annular or sinotubular compromise...
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
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