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Journal of Invasive Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420804/contemporary-trends-and-outcomes-associated-with-the-preprocedural-use-of-oral-p2y12-inhibitors-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-insights-from-the-blue-cross-blue-shield-of-michigan-cardiovascular-consortium-bmc2
#1
Devraj Sukul, Milan Seth, Simon R Dixon, Akshay Khandelwal, Thomas A LaLonde, Hitinder S Gurm
OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe trends in the use of preprocedural P2Y12 inhibitors and their clinical impact in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Oral P2Y12 inhibitors are ubiquitously used medications; however, the specific timing of initial P2Y12 inhibitor administration remains intensely debated. METHODS: Our study population comprised 74,053 consecutive patients undergoing PCI at 47 hospitals in Michigan from January 2013 through June 2015...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420803/comparison-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-and-the-european-society-of-cardiology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-valvular-heart-disease
#2
Aya J Alame, Aris Karatasakis, Judit Karacsonyi, Barbara A Danek, Paul Sorajja, Mario Gössl, Santiago Garcia, Hani Jneid, Nikolaos Kakouros, Jose Roberto Martinez-Parachini, Erica Resendes, Pratik Kalsaria, Michele Roesle, Bavana V Rangan, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
BACKGROUND: The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) have developed guidelines to assist clinicians in making evidence-based decisions. This study compares the ACC/AHA and ESC guidelines for the management of patients with valvular heart disease (VHD). METHODS: The current ACC/AHA and ESC guidelines for VHD, last updated in 2014 and 2012, respectively, were compared by class of recommendation (COR), level of evidence (LOE), and content...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420802/clinical-decision-making-for-the-hemodynamic-gray-zone-ffr-0-75-0-80-and-long-term-outcomes
#3
Shiv Kumar Agarwal, Srikanth Kasula, Mohan M Edupuganti, Sameer Raina, Fnu Shailesh, Ahmed Almomani, Jason J Payne, Naga V Pothineni, Barry F Uretsky, Abdul Hakeem
BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) value between 0.75 and 0.80 is considered the "gray zone" and outcomes data relative to treatment strategy (revascularization vs medical therapy alone [deferral]) are limited for this group. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 238 patients (64.3 ± 8.6 years; 97% male; 45% diabetic) with gray-zone FFR were followed for the primary endpoint of major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), defined as a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), and target-vessel revascularization...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296641/root-cause-analysis-of-deaths-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarctions-treated-with-primary-pci-what-can-we-do-better
#4
Fredy El Sakr, Mohamad Kenaan, Daniel Menees, Milan Seth, Hitinder S Gurm
OBJECTIVE: Recent data demonstrate that mortality of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has not changed despite dramatic reduction in door-to-balloon times. Identifying potential areas in care that can be further optimized to decrease mortality remains a priority. METHODS: We performed a root cause analysis of all patients who died following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) during index hospitalization from 2008 to 2013 at the University of Michigan...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296638/complete-versus-incomplete-angiography-prior-to-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#5
Kevin Stiver, Xu Gao, Satya Shreenivas, Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas, Ernie Mazzaferri, Nader Makki, Scott M Lilly
OBJECTIVES: Shorter reperfusion times in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are associated with improved survival. Prehospital strategies have been developed to minimize door-to-balloon (DTB) time, but few strategies within the catheterization laboratory itself have been evaluated. Incomplete angiography (IA) prior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is undertaken in clinical practice as a means to further reduce DTB time. We sought to determine whether or not those with STEMI who underwent IA prior to PCI had different preprocedural characteristics or post-PCI outcomes...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208118/validation-of-a-novel-monitoring-system-to-measure-contrast-volume-use-during-invasive-angiography
#6
Anand Prasad, Irma Scholler, Daniel Levin, Gus Banda, Christopher M Mullin, Steven R Bailey
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have demonstrated the relationship between contrast volume (CV) and the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI). Quantification of total CV is often estimated and therefore may be inaccurate. We describe validation of a novel contrast monitoring system (CMS) (Osprey Medical), which is designed to detect and display injection by injection and total CV use on a monitor system in real time. METHODS: Thirty patients undergoing a coronary or peripheral angiogram were included...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208117/percutaneous-transcatheter-therapies-for-the-management-of-left-ventricular-assist-device-complications
#7
Rohan J Kalathiya, Jonathan Grinstein, Nir Uriel, Atman P Shah
Heart failure is a growing epidemic in the United States and throughout the world. The utilization of continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) has greatly increased over the last decade. In addition, a limited supply of organ donors has led to a rise in the use, and duration, of LVADs for destination therapy. The increased use of LVAD therapy has led to the observation of mechanical complications such as device thrombosis, de novo aortic insufficiency, and outflow graft stenosis, all of which are associated with prolonged LVAD support...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208116/factors-determining-left-main-coronary-artery-luminal-area
#8
Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas, Peter M Bittenbender, Haikady N Nagaraja, Omar Kahaly, Jennifer A Dickerson, Subha V Raman, Ernest L Mazzaferri, Charles A Bush
BACKGROUND: A certain minimal luminal cross-sectional area has been traditionally used in clinical practice as a cut-off value to determine severity of left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis. The severity of stenosis, however, depends on the baseline luminal area (ie, area prior to stenosis), which may vary among individuals. The present study was undertaken to define normal LMCA luminal area using current technology in vivo. METHODS: LMCA luminal area was determined using multislice computed tomography coronary angiography...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368850/not-all-that-blurs-is-clot-an-unusual-but-not-infrequent-cause-of-acute-coronary-syndrome
#9
Etelberto Hernández Hernández, Víctor Alfonso Jiménez Díaz, José Antonio Baz Alonso, Saleta Fernández Barbeira, Jorge Alberto Vitela Rodríguez, Jorge Andrade Pacheco, Alberto Ortiz Sáez, Guillermo Bastos Fernández, Antonio Alejandro De Miguel Castro, Andrés Iñiguez Romo
A 73-year-old man was admitted for non-ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography suggested intrastent thrombosis as the etiology, but optical coherence tomography revealed a non-expanded stent, which was successfuly crushed and covered with a new stent.
April 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368849/first-in-man-percutaneous-laa-closure-with-an-amplatzer-amulet-and-triguard-embolic-protection-device-in-a-patient-with-laa-thrombus
#10
Francesca Del Furia, Marco B Ancona, Francesco Giannini, Richard J Jabbour, Damiano Regazzoli, Antonio Mangieri, Azeem Latib, Antonio Colombo, Matteo Montorfano
Percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) closure is currently utilized for the prophylaxis of thromboembolic cerebrovascular accidents in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. The presence of LAA thrombus is usually considered a contraindication for the procedure, since there is a high risk of thrombus embolization. While reports in the literature have shown the feasibility of LAA closure in the presence of LAA thrombus with certain cerebral embolic protection devices, we present the first-in-man LAA closure of a patient with LAA thrombus using the TriGuard Embolic Protection Device...
April 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368848/novel-crossing-system-for-the-recanalization-of-complex-chronic-total-occlusions-ex-vivo-proof-of-concept-of-the-soundbite-crossing-system
#11
Simon Bérubé, Andrew Benko, Marc-Antoine Despatis, Louis-Philippe Riel, Marianne Brodmann, Eric Therasse, Martin Brouillette, Jihad A Mustapha, Philippe Généreux
Chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesions are frequent in patients with peripheral and coronary artery disease, and associated with a higher risk of adverse events, including mortality, decreased quality of life, and increased health-care costs. Percutaneous intervention of CTO lesions has been associated with a lower procedural success rate, and current dedicated CTO devices may be of limited use for the non-CTO expert, and associated with increased intraprocedural complication rates. The SoundBite Crossing System (SoundBite Medical Solutions, Inc) is a newly developed device using shockwaves (short-duration, high-amplitude pressure pulses) to facilitate penetration of the proximal cap and crossing of the occlusion...
April 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368847/recanalization-of-total-occlusion-of-the-superficial-femoral-artery-and-profunda-femoris-using-the-transcollateral-approach
#12
Nicolas W Shammas, Ghassan E Daher, Bassel Bou Dargham, Rayan Jo Rachwan, Jon Robken
Chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are seen in 30%-40% of symptomatic superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease. Despite advances in revascularization techniques, 10%-20% of these occlusions cannot be crossed. We report 1 case and review the literature on transcollateral retrograde crossing of the SFA from the profunda femoris. The procedural steps and devices (wires and crossing catheters) utilized by various operators are outlined. Based on an overview of current cases in the literature (19 cases, 21 CTOs), success rate was 95...
April 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368846/percutaneous-mitral-valve-repair-with-the-mitraclip-in-primary-compared-with-secondary-mitral-valve-regurgitation-using-the-mitral-valve-academic-research-consortium-criteria
#13
Julia Seeger, Patrick Müller, Birgid Gonska, Dominik Scharnbeck, Sinisa Markovic, Daniel Walcher, Wolfgang Rottbauer, Jochen Wöhrle
AIMS: To compare early device success, procedural success, and 30-day safety endpoint according to the new Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium criteria (MVARC) in severe primary and secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 210 patients were enrolled; 105 patients with primary MR were compared with 105 patients with secondary MR. All patients were highly symptomatic (New York Heart Association III/IV 79.0% vs 87.6%). Decision for MitraClip therapy was done by the heart team...
April 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368845/atherectomy-in-peripheral-artery-disease-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Tariq M Bhat, Maxwell E Afari, Lawrence A Garcia
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a clinical manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The physiological force and shear stress from angioplasty and stenting have made PAD treatment challenging. Atherectomy devices have continued to emerge as a major therapy in the management of peripheral vascular disease. This article presents a review of the current literature for the atherectomy devices used in PAD.
April 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296640/the-syntax-score-for-chronic-total-occlusions-building-a-better-mousetrap
#15
EDITORIAL
Salman A Arain, H Vernon Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296639/impact-of-chronic-total-occlusions-on-revascularization-scores-and-outcome-prediction
#16
Björn Redfors, Tullio Palmerini, Adriano Caixeta, Girma Minalu Ayele, Dominic P Francese, Roxana Mehran, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Ajay J Kirtane, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Gregg W Stone, Philippe Généreux
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the contribution of chronic total occlusion (CTO)-related SYNTAX score (SS) to the overall SS for patients with CTO and compare the traditional SS to a simplified variant. The SS algorithm assigns CTO lesions a greater weight (5× points) than non-CTO lesions (50% to <100% diameter stenosis; 2× points). METHODS: We calculated the SS and the simplified SS (2× points also to CTO lesions) for 4356 patients from the angiographic substudy of the Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage StrategY (ACUITY) trial...
April 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089997/the-impact-of-age-and-sex-on-in-hospital-outcomes-of-chronic-total-occlusion-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#17
Aris Karatasakis, Rahel Iwnetu, Barbara A Danek, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Khaldoon Alaswad, Farouc A Jaffer, Robert W Yeh, David E Kandzari, Nicholas J Lembo, Mitul Patel, Ehtisham Mahmud, William L Lombardi, R Michael Wyman, J Aaron Grantham, Anthony H Doing, Catalin Toma, James W Choi, Barry F Uretsky, Jeffrey W Moses, Ajay J Kirtane, Ziad A Ali, Manish Parikh, Judit Karacsonyi, Bavana V Rangan, Craig A Thompson, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effect of age and sex on procedural outcomes and efficiency of chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We examined the clinical and angiographic characteristics and outcomes of 1675 CTO-PCIs performed in 1644 patients between 2012 and 2016 at 15 United States centers. RESULTS: Mean age was 65.3 ± 10 years and 1408 (86%) were men. Overall technical and procedural success rates were 88% and 87%, respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255109/unusual-repair-of-aortic-coarctation-transcatheter-intervention-implications
#18
Adam J Carlisle, Anand D Shah, David Appel, Brian E Kogon
A 56-year old male was evaluated for exertional dyspnea. He had previously undergone mechanical aortic valve replacement and aortic coarctation repair. Following uncomplicated coronary angiography using Judkins left and right catheters, aortography revealed that the loud murmur was related to an unusual, extra-anatomic surgical repair: transverse aorta to descending aorta bypass. Recognition of an extra-anatomic surgical bypass of coarctation is important, as this repair would leave a continuous murmur on exam...
March 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255108/fractured-wire-in-the-left-internal-mammary-artery-a-novel-retrieval-technique
#19
Michael D Dyal, Abdulla A Damluji, Pablo Rengifo-Moreno, Eduardo J de Marchena
Although fractured coronary wires are a rare occurrence, failure to retrieve them successfully puts patients at undue risk. We offer a technique that can be used when traditional retrieval with a Microsnare system is unsuccessful.
March 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255107/a-new-strategy-for-transcatheter-left-atrial-appendage-closure-with-cerebral-embolic-protection-in-patient-with-left-auricular-thrombosis-and-total-contraindication-to-long-term-anticoagulation
#20
Salvatore Saccà, Jayme Ferro, Tomoyuki Umemoto, Riccardo Turri, Carlo Penzo, Andrea Pacchioni
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, occurring in 1%-2% of the general population. An important aspect is the treatment of AF in terms of stroke prevention. In patients with absolute contraindication to long-term anticoagulation due to high bleeding risk, a valuable alternative exists in left atrial appendage (LAA) closure. Unfortunately, thrombus in the LAA is a contraindication to the procedure because of high risk of embolization. We describe a clinical case with permanent AF, absolute contraindication to long-term anticoagulation therapy, and persistent thrombus formation in the LAA that was treated with transcatheter LAA closure and supraaortic trunk protection system in order to avoid risk of periprocedural stroke...
March 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
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