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European Journal of Protistology

Xumiao Chen, Lifang Li, Saleh A Al-Farraj, Honggang Ma, Hongbo Pan
The morphology, including the ciliary pattern, of two cyrtophorid ciliates, namely Aegyria apoliva sp. nov. and Trithigmostoma cucullulus (Müller, 1786) Jankowski, 1967, were investigated. They were isolated from coastal water off Qingdao and from an estuarine habitat in south China, respectively. Aegyria apoliva sp. nov. is characterized as following: body size 100-120 × 50-70 μm in vivo with dark pigment spot on anterior left part of cell; 48-69 somatic kineties; one preoral and four or five circumoral kineties; 9-13 transpodial segments; 26-40 nematodesmal rods; 6-10 contractile vacuoles...
December 28, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Janka Melicherová, Lada Hofmannová, Andrea Valigurová
The need for an effective treatment against cryptosporidiosis has triggered studies in the search for a working in vitro model. The peculiar niche of cryptosporidia at the brush border of host epithelial cells has been the subject of extensive debates. Despite extensive research on the invasion process, it remains enigmatic whether cryptosporidian host-parasite interactions result from an active invasion process or through encapsulation. We used HCT-8 and HT-29 cell lines for in vitro cultivation of the gastric parasite Cryptosporidium proliferans strain TS03...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Alexey Smirnov
The species Leptomyxa flabellata was described by Goodey in 1915 and re-isolated by Pussard and Pons in 1976. It seems that it was never seen (or never recognized) again since that time. The strain designated as "Leptomyxa flabellata CCAP 1546/2" was studied by Cann in 1984, however the quality of the electron microscopic images of that time was poor. Based on the cyst structure and size characters, Page in 1988 suggested that this strain is not co-specific with Goodey's Leptomyxa flabellata, but represents a species 'Ripidomyxa' australiensis Chakraborty and Pussard, 1985, nowadays known as Rhizamoeba australiensis...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
E Sabaneyeva, M Castelli, F Szokoli, K Benken, N Lebedeva, A Salvetti, M Schweikert, S Fokin, G Petroni
Newly isolated strains of the ciliate Paramecium calkinsi and their cytoplasmic bacterial endosymbionts were characterized by a multidisciplinary approach, including live observation, ultrastructural investigation, and molecular analysis. Despite morphological resemblance, the characterized P. calkinsi strains showed a significant molecular divergence compared to conspecifics, possibly hinting for a cryptic speciation. The endosymbionts were clearly found to be affiliated to the species "Candidatus Trichorickettsia mobilis" (Rickettsiales, Rickettsiaceae), currently encompassing only bacteria retrieved in an obligate intracellular association with other ciliates...
December 9, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Dennis G Searcy
Eukaryotic nucleocytoplasm is believed to be descended from ancient Archaea that respired on elemental sulfur. If so, a vestige of sulfur reduction might persist in modern eukaryotic cells. That was tested in Tetrahymena thermophila, chosen as a model organism. When oxygenated, the cells consumed H2S rapidly, but when made anoxic they produced H2S mostly by amino acid catabolism. That could be inhibited by adding aminooxyacetic acid, and then H2S production from elemental sulfur became more evident. Anoxic cell lysates produced H2S when provided with sulfur and NADH, but not with either substrate alone...
December 2, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Xiaoteng Lu, Jie Huang, Chen Shao, Helmut Berger
The hypotrich Schmidingerothrix elongata spec. nov., discovered in saline (20‰) soil of the Longfeng Wetland, Daqing, northern China, was studied using live observation and protargol impregnation. It is characterized, inter alia, by colorless cortical granules arranged in short rows, three frontoventral cirral rows with the rightmost extending far posteriorly, and 4-8, usually six macronuclear nodules. Cell division proceeds as in congeners and confirms the lack of dorsal ciliature. In phylogenetic analyses based on SSU rDNA, S...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Jae-Ho Jung, Joung Cho, Yoon Hye Jang, Dong Yuen Gil
In a study to investigate ciliate diversity, we discovered a new soil ciliate. Holostichides terrae nov. spec. was examined and identified based on observations of living cells and stained specimens. In addition, the nuclear SSU rRNA gene along with morphology was analyzed to infer its phylogenetic position. The new species closely resembles H. dumonti, but can be distinguished by the morphology of the pharynx (with rod-shaped structure vs. lacking) and the number of frontoterminal cirri (invariably two vs...
November 28, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Adrien Grimonprez, Audrey Molza, Mélina C Z Laurent, Jean-Louis Mansot, Olivier Gros
Ciliates represent a diversified group of protists known to establish symbioses with prokaryotic micro-organisms. They are mainly phagotrophs and symbiotic relationships with bacteria can give them an important advantage in chemosynthetic environments. The aim of this study is to describe the thiotrophic association that occurs between the peritrich ciliate Pseudovorticella sp. and potential sulfur-oxidizing bacteria. Investigations at microscopic scale (LM, SEM, TEM) showed ectosymbiotic bacteria covering the surface of the body of Pseudovorticella sp...
November 22, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Tomasz Mieczan, Małgorzata Adamczuk, Magdalena Pogorzelec
There is almost no information on how restoration of Sphagnum-dominated peatbogs, and in particular removal of reeds, affects the functioning of ciliate communities. Changes in vegetation patterns caused by restoration procedures may take years to be observed, while microbial processes already display effects after short-term exposure to changes in environmental conditions due to restoration. Based on the results of a long-term study, we assumed that mowing down of reeds causes changes in the physicochemical properties of peatbog water and sought to answer the question of how ciliate communities react to these changes and whether these microorganisms can play a significant role as bioindicators in evaluating the restoration process...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Akira Ito, Toshihiro Tokiwa
We described the infraciliature of Opisthotrichum janus, Epidinium ecaudatum, and Ophryoscolex purkynjei, belonging to the family Ophryoscolecidae, from pyridinated silver carbonate impregnated specimens. The adoral polybrachykinety is C-shaped in Opi. janus, whereas it is spiral-shaped in Epi. ecaudatum and Oph. purkynjei. The vestibular polybrachykinety is slender and short in Opi. janus, whereas slender and long in Epi. ecaudatum and Oph. purkynjei. The paralabial kineties are composed of several short kineties along the adoral polybrachykinety...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Sonja Rueckert, Anastasios D Tsaousis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Sascha Krenek, Franziska Szokoli, Thomas U Berendonk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Yuan Wang, Xin-Cang Li, Guihong Fu, Shu Zhao, Yuange Chen, Hao Wang, Tiantian Chen, Junfang Zhou, Wenhong Fang
Ameson portunus n. sp. is a new microsporidian species that infects the skeletal muscle of Portunus trituberculatus, a pond-reared swimming crab from China. This parasite was characterized using morphological and molecular phylogenetic data. Light and transmission electron microscopy revealed that this microsporidian experienced disporogonic and polysporogonic (chain-like) life cycles. Mature uninucleate spores appeared ovoid, measured 1.4±0.06×1.0±0.07μm on ultrathin sections, and exhibited no dimorphism...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Ekaterina Volkova, Alexander Kudryavtsev
Two strains of lobose amoebae have been isolated from the deep-sea bottom sediments of the Sea of Japan (3.6km deep) and Western Atlantic Ocean (5.1km deep). Amoebae of both strains have a dactylopodial mophotype, intracellular kinetoplastid symbiont (Perkinsela-like organism) and have no microscales on the cell surface. The morphology and molecular data of the Sea of Japan strain allow us to unambiguously identify it as Neoparamoeba aestuarina (Page, 1970). At the same time, the Atlantic strain is described as a new species Neoparamoeba longipodia as it differs from other species of the genus Neoparamoeba in morphology and gene sequence data...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Yuri A Mazei, Andrey N Tsyganov, Anton S Esaulov, Alexander Yu Tychkov, Richard J Payne
Testate amoebae are widely used in ecological and palaeoecological studies of peatlands, particularly as indicators of surface wetness. To ensure data are robust and comparable it is important to consider methodological factors which may affect results. One significant question which has not been directly addressed in previous studies is how sample size (expressed here as number of Sphagnum stems) affects data quality. In three contrasting locations in a Russian peatland we extracted samples of differing size, analysed testate amoebae and calculated a number of widely-used indices: species richness, Simpson diversity, compositional dissimilarity from the largest sample and transfer function predictions of water table depth...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Jitka Prediger, Michaela Horčičková, Lada Hofmannová, Bohumil Sak, Nicola Ferrari, Maria Vittoria Mazzamuto, Claudia Romeo, Lucas A Wauters, John McEvoy, Martin Kváč
The present study was undertaken to describe Cryptosporidium spp. infection in tree squirrels from 17 locations in Northern Italy. A total of 357 squirrels were examined, including species native to Europe (Sciurus vulgaris; n=123), and species introduced from North America (Sciurus carolinensis; n=162) and Southeast Asia (Callosciurus erythraeus; n=72). Faecal samples of all squirrels were examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium infection by microscopy (flotation method) and PCR/sequence analysis of the Cryptosporidium 18S rRNA, actin, and gp60 genes...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Thomas Cavalier-Smith
Uniquely in eukaryotes, euglenoid pellicles comprise longitudinal proteinaceous, epiplasmic strips underlain by microtubules. Contradictory interpretations of pellicle microtubule duplication and segregation assumed opposite microtubule polarity from kinetoplastid Euglenozoa and conservative microtubule segregation. Distigma shows new pellicle microtubules nucleating posteriorly as in trypanosomatids, unifying euglenoid and kinetoplastid pellicle morphogenesis, but strip-growth is unpolarised. Epiplasmic insertion and cutting make new strip junctions between alternating wide and narrow daughter strips that grow intussusceptively...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Andrey N Tsyganov, Anastasia V Shatilovich, Anton S Esaulov, Viktor A Chernyshov, Natalia G Mazei, Elena A Malysheva, Yuri A Mazei
The genus Euglypha contains the largest number of filose testate amoeba taxa which were mainly described based on the morphological characteristics of shells. Despite the increasing amount of molecular data, the phylogenetic relationships within the genus Euglypha remain unresolved. In this work we provide new data on SSU rRNA gene sequences, light and electron microscopy for the two euglyphid species Euglypha bryophilaBrown, 1911 and Euglypha cristataLeidy, 1874. Both species are characterised by the presence of a turf of spines on the aboral pole of the shells but differ in shell cross sections (elliptical and circular, respectively)...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Alexander Kudryavtsev, Anna Gladkikh
Two new species, Ripella decalvata and R. tribonemae (Amoebozoa, Vannellida), are described and the diversity of known strains assigned to the genus analyzed. Ripella spp. are closely similar to each other in the light microscopic characters and sequences of small-subunit (SSU) ribosomal RNA gene, but differences in the cell coat structure and cytochrome oxidase (COI) gene sequences are more prominent. SSU rRNA in R. platypodia CCAP1589/2, R. decalvata and R. tribonemae demonstrates an unusual pattern of intragenomic variation...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
Jingyi Wang, Shuyan Qi, Lingyun Chen, Alan Warren, Miao Miao, Chen Shao
Morphogenesis in a population of Urosoma salmastra collected from saline soil in Weinan, China, was investigated using protargol staining. The main morphogenetic event that characterizes U. salmastra is the inclusion of cirrus III/2 in the formation of the frontoventra-transverse cirral anlagen. We also provide small subunit ribosomal DNA gene sequences for a population of U. salmastra and for two populations of U. emarginata. The molecular phylogeny indicates that Urosoma is not monophyletic, viz, U. emarginata branches separately from its congeners and the closest relative of U...
September 6, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
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