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Journal of Women & Aging

J Dianne Garner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Ateret Gewirtz-Meydan, Liat Ayalon
Online dating has become increasingly popular among older adults following broader social media adoption patterns. The current study examined the visual representations of people on 39 dating sites intended for the older population, with a particular focus on the visualization of the intersection between age and gender. All 39 dating sites for older adults were located through the Google search engine. Visual thematic analysis was performed with reference to general, non-age-related signs (e.g., facial expression, skin color), signs of aging (e...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Laneshia R Conner, Malitta Engstrom, Eric Junious, Kevin Edwards-Knight
Woman to Woman (W2W) is a novel adaptation of the Sisters Informing Sisters about Topics on AIDS (SISTA) HIV prevention program. This article describes the process of adapting and piloting W2W based on recommendations from existing HIV prevention research. Six older women, all of whom had histories of homelessness and the majority of whom identified as African American, enrolled in the study, which piloted the adapted intervention and materials, evaluated the acceptability of the program, and assessed the measures related to the intervention...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Margareth S Zanchetta, Christine Maheu, Abinet G Gebremariam, Pascale Baribeau, Ndeye L Ndiaye, Soumya Tamouro, Manon Lemonde, Patrick Cloos
Data from focus groups held in Montréal (Canada) with 13 women born in Cameroon, Colombia, and Democratic Republic of Congo were used to explore cancer knowledge among immigrant grandmothers and mothers-in-law and their influence over family cancer-preventative practices. Thematic analysis identified the following leading themes: cancer literacy and influence over family cancer preventative and early detection practices, cancer literacy in relation to family health behaviors, and barriers to accessing health services...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Agnieszka Olchowska-Kotala
The aims of the study were (a) to identify predictors of body esteem and (b) to expand on previous research by examining the link between global self-esteem and body esteem in a community-based sample of women in midlife. We found that body esteem in midlife women was predicted by body mass index (BMI), optimism, self-esteem, and menopausal symptoms. Although BMI was the main predictor of body esteem in middle-aged women, global self-esteem was more strongly related to feelings about appearance and physical condition than feelings about body size...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Kyung Sook Cha, Hung Sa Lee
South Korea's elderly suicide rate is not merely the highest among the member nations of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, it is the highest in the world. This study analyzed the effect of ego-resilience and social support on depression and suicidal ideation of the elderly, providing baseline data to aid in the development of preventive programs on elder suicide. We found that ego-resilience is a strong inhibitor of suicidal ideation. Direct and indirect effects of social support on suicidal ideation were especially helpful for elders with mild depression...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Tammy J Walkner, Andrea M Weare, Melissa Tully
Social isolation is a problem facing many older women. Isolation can contribute to poor health as adults age without social support. Increased and tailored communication offers service organizations more opportunities to provide social support to these adults. This research examines perceptions of aging to explore communication behaviors, barriers, and opportunities for improved communication and service provision for aging women. Using data from focus groups and interviews, this study finds that participants from community organizations rely on word of mouth and traditional media to communicate with their aging constituents, despite opportunities to use digital communication and to develop communication plans for this population...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Gemma M Carney
The article proposes a Gender Politics of Aging approach to the study of aging societies. The approach recognizes the feminization of old age, ageism's roots in sexist discourse, and the need to recognize the role of politics in driving demographic debates. Drawing together arguments from feminist gerontology and political demography, the article argues that the intersection of politics and gender must be considered if appropriate responses to an older, feminized demography are to be produced. I conclude that the work of aging feminists provides a rich vein of research and praxis from which a gender politics of aging approach can draw...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Ana Gallardo-Flores, José Antonio Sánchez-Medina, Cristina Fernández-Portero
In a study on informal or unpaid care, it is difficult to identify the consequences and effects of care provision on the caregiver's daily life. Thus, it is important to analyze the perceptions of the individual caregiver. This study describes the perceptions of health, well-being, support networks, and quality of life of 13 women aged between 45 and 70 years after completing an intervention program. The data indicate that caregivers' health and quality of life worsen with the intervention, and their well-being and social relations (through new technologies) improve...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Helena Ericson, Therése Skoog, Mattias Johansson, Britta Wåhlin-Larsson
Resistance training (RT) improves overall health, but the psychological effects of RT in healthy old adults have not been tested. The aim of this study was to investigate a sample of 65-70-year-old healthy and physically active women to assess their sense of coherence, health-related quality of life, hope, and affect, before and after taking part in a 24-week RT intervention (N = 14), compared to controls (N = 18). Findings showed a significant increase in hope (p = 0.013) and a significant decrease in negative affect (p = 0...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Pei-Lin Chen, Ying-Lan Tsai, Mei-Hsiang Lin, Jeng Wang
The differences of basic attributes, health promotion behaviors, and quality of life between elderly males and females in Taiwan were compared. Several scales were used to examine the gender differences and the factors associated with quality of life. Regression analysis revealed that gender, education level, depression level, and healthy diet were key factors influencing the overall quality of life. The education level of females was lower, and their depression level was higher; however, females had healthier diets...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Nobuhiko Eda, Hironaga Ito, Kazuhiro Shimizu, Satomi Suzuki, Eunjae Lee, Takao Akama
Protection against age-related immune suppression is important in elderly individuals. This study determined the effect of yoga on mucosal immune function and mental stress. Saliva samples were collected from 23 adult women (age: 60.4 ± 10.4 years) before and after 90 minutes of yoga stretching or rest to measure secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA), cortisol, and testosterone. The SIgA concentration and secretion rate were significantly higher after yoga than before (p < .05). The cortisol concentration and secretion rate were lower and testosterone secretion rate higher after yoga (p < ...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Amira Paz, Israel Doron, Aviad Tur-Sinai
The world is aging, and the percentages of older people are on a dramatic ascent. This dramatic demographic aging of human society is not gender neutral; it is mostly about older women. One of the key policy approaches to address the aging revolution is known as "active aging," crystalized by the WHO in 2002 by three pillars: participation, health, and security. The active aging policy has financial and economic aspects and affects both men and women. However, as argued in this article, a gender-based approach has not been adopted within the existing active aging framework...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Elizabeth Midlarsky, Ashley Kronen Marotta, Steven Pirutinsky, Ruth T Morin, Joseph C McGowan
Eating pathology is generally considered to affect females during adolescence and early adulthood. However, in recent years, there has been an increased recognition that disordered eating occurs in middle-aged and elderly women and that the presentation is similar to that of eating disorders in younger women. In the research presented here, results of an Internet survey of older adult women (N = 245; aged 60-90 years) indicate that the factors significantly associated with eating pathology-perfectionism, depression, and sociocultural pressures to be thin-closely parallel those reported for both younger and middle-aged women...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Sarah Jen
Sexual experiences of older adults remain underexplored. This review examined 21 articles focused on the sexuality of midlife and older women to identify theories used and understand how theory informs this literature. Reviewed articles described a dominant narrative of sexual decline in later life but positioned their own work as counternarratives. A majority applied social constructionist, critical, or interpretivist orientations, balancing material and socially constructed aspects of sexuality. Theories were most likely to inform the purpose and conclusions and least likely to inform limitations or descriptions of study samples...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Eva Pila, Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Kara Egelton, Catherine M Sabiston
The present study explored how women aged 50-65 years reflect and make meaning of a lifetime of body and weight struggles. Seven purposefully selected women with longstanding body image challenges participated in interviews and reflected on their perceptions, thoughts, and emotions around their body and weight since childhood. Findings revealed consistent and consuming concerns about the body; prevalent body-related self-conscious emotions; influential social experiences that impact physical self-perceptions; and enduring impacts of weight bias, stigma, and discrimination...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
J Dianne Garner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Julie Pattinson, Adrian Parke
The prevalence of older adult female gambling participation and gambling disorder is increasing in the UK, and there is a paucity of published research available to understand possible risk factors for frequent gambling in this demographic. The aim of the current study was to identify and explore motivations and patterns of gambling behavior in high-frequency older adult female gamblers in the UK, from the perspective of the individual and in the context of their experience of aging. Ten UK older adult female high-frequency gamblers were recruited via stratified purposive sampling, with a mean age of 70...
May 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Ulpukka Isopahkala-Bouret
Midlife professional women's aging experiences, especially the experiences of changing physical appearance, are examined in this study. A discursive-narrative approach is used to analyze interviews of women working in senior professional and managerial jobs in Finland. The decline narrative is not enough to capture the experiences of these women; noticeable signs of aging can indeed have a positive connotation. After looking older and less attractive (in a stereotypical sense), women are no longer being subjected to a sexualized gaze and are taken more seriously...
May 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Kaoru Fujimoto
We conducted and evaluated a coaching intervention aimed at encouraging menopausal women's engagement in goal-oriented actions, self-efficacy enhancement, menopausal symptom alleviation, and quality of life improvement. The study was a randomized controlled trial comprising women aged 40-60 who were not receiving hormone therapy. The intervention group received leaflets and three monthly coaching sessions. Instruments included the Simplified Menopausal Index, Medical Outcome Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, and goal achievement scale...
May 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
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