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Journal of Women & Aging

Carmelle Peisah, Georgina M Luscombe, Joanne K Earl, Chanaka Wijeratne
Despite increasing interest from the medical profession in aging and retirement, we know little about effects of gender, marital status, and cohort on aging within the profession. We surveyed 1,048 Australian doctors from "younger" (55-64) and "older" (65-89) cohorts, investigating gender and marital effects on perceptions of successful aging, career, and retirement intent. Women intend to retire earlier. Younger cohort and married women more frequently viewed their career as a calling, while women in general, and single women more frequently, endorsed personal successful aging more than men...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Kate A Morrissey Stahl, Jerry Gale, Denise C Lewis, Doug Kleiber
Older adult women make up a growing part of the population, and yet literature on the sexual activity over their life spans is lacking. This qualitative interview study explored the experience of 16 women aged 57-91 to better understand sexual pleasure over a lifetime. The participants described having to challenge cultural rules to create a supportive environment for sexual expression. Having access to Novel contexts in which to learn, cultivating Intimacy with partners and with oneself, being Creative with sexual activities, and Extending one's sense of sexual possibility into advanced age (NICE) supported sexual pleasure as women aged...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Jocelyn Elise Crowley
Recent research suggests that one out of every four divorces in the United States is now "gray," meaning that at least one half of the couple has reached the age of 50 when the marriage breaks down. To understand why this age group-the Baby Boomer generation-is splitting up, this study conducted 40 in-depth, semistructured interviews with men and 40 with women who have experienced a gray divorce in their lifetimes. Respondents' beliefs in an expressive individualistic model of marriage, where partnerships are only valuable if they help individuals achieve personal growth, were compared against their potential adherence to what I call a commitment-based model of marriage, where binding, romantic love holds couples together unless there is severe relationship strain...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Ana Luísa Patrão, Vicente Paulo Alves, Tiago Sousa Neiva
This article aims to identify the psychosocial factors associated with self-perceived health status in the Brazilian elderly population and to present differences related to gender. The data were collected by questionnaire, including sociodemographic and behavioral questions, and scales for psychological dimensions. Self-perceived health status is related to level of education, physical activity, and self-efficacy in the total population. Regarding gender differences, self-rated health status among men is related to education level and self-efficacy and in women to level of education, physical activity, social support, and self-efficacy...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Beatriz Novak, Daniel Lozano-Keymolen
The aim of this study is to investigate the association of early life factors with the timing of the onset of natural menopause in Costa Rica and Puerto Rico. We use Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the risk of the onset of menopause. Our results suggest that socioeconomic disadvantages, as expressed by difficulties attending school due to economic hardships or parents never living together, increase the risk of the onset of natural menopause among Puerto Rican women. Among Costa Rican women, early life nutrition, estimated using anthropometric measures, is related to the timing of the onset of natural menopause...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Elizabeth Crouch, Janice Probst, Kevin Bennett, Jan Eberth
End-of-life issues are important for senior women, particularly rural women, who are more likely than their urban counterparts to live alone. The role of residence as a factor for health-care utilization among Medicare beneficiaries during the last six months of life has yet to be investigated. The purpose of this study is to examine whether service utilization in the last six months of life differs across gender and rurality. The sample was restricted to fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries who died between July 1, 2013, and December 31, 2013 (n = 39,508)...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Isabel de Salis, Amanda Owen-Smith, Jenny L Donovan, Debbie A Lawlor
We investigated the experience and perspectives of menopause among 48 UK mothers through qualitative in-depth interviews. Interviews were analyzed thematically then explored using social science theories. Three interdependent narratives emerged: menopause as a normal, biological process, distinct from self and social transitions; menopause as struggle, an "idiom of distress" expressing upset, identity loss, shame, and social upheaval; and menopause as transformative and liberating, arising from biopsychic and relational changes...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Soheila Nazarpour, Masoumeh Simbar, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Hamid Alavi Majd
This study examined the relationship between quality of life (QoL) and sexual function among postmenopausal women. As a cross-sectional study, it was conducted among 405 postmenopausal women selected using a multistage sampling method. The data-collection tools were the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire, the WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire, and a researcher-administered questionnaire. Sexual dysfunction was observed in 61% of the participants. The total scores of FSFI had a positive correlation with the WHOQOL-BREF total scores and all QoL domain scores...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Yunjeong Yang
This article is based on an embedded case study of selected older people's self-help groups in urban South Korea, which aim to assist community-dwelling older adults, particularly poor and marginalized women, to age in their community and remain active and contributing members. The study highlights the importance of the role and capacity of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) as partner organizations. Implications are important for other aging societies, particularly in Asia, where older women have been often confined by patriarchal oppression...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Rosemary A Venne, Maureen Hannay
Much concern has been raised around the potential impact of the retirement of the large baby boom generation. This article specifically addresses the unique issues surrounding the retirement of female baby boomers. Demographic changes, including increased labor force participation, coupled with declining fertility rates, have resulted in a social transformation of the roles women play in society. Despite these changes, women still bear much of the caregiving responsibilities in the household, which can complicate retirement choices...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Francine Conway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Tanya M Halliday, Diana M Thomas, Cynthia O Siu, David B Allison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Kristen Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Mahdi Moshki, Fatemeh Mohammadzadeh, Atefeh Dehnoalian
This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of a group-based educational training on the self-efficacy and self-acceptance of Iranian menopausal women using the PRECEDE-PROCEED model. This Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) was conducted on 80 menopausal women in the age range of 47-55 years residing in the northeast of Iran. The participants were divided randomly into a test group (n = 40) and a control group (n = 40). We found that designing and implementation of a group-based educational training according to the PRECEDE-PROCEED model can significantly enhance the knowledge and performance of the test group with regard to self-efficacy and self-acceptance...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Miles Matise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
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