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Journal of Women & Aging

Saemyi Chung
Using intersectionality as a conceptual framework, this study investigated how older Korean women living in New Zealand perceived their aging bodies, antiaging practices and/or products, and how they used such products. Thematic analysis identified three themes: tension between acceptance of the aging body as an inevitable process and transformation of the aging body into a healthy body, juggling between abstinence and use of antiaging products and practices, and redefining natural aging. The findings challenge binary interpretations between "acceptance" of and "resistance" to the experiences of the aging process and the use of antiaging practices...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Bénédicte Mugnier, Aurélie Daumas, Anne-Laure Couderc, Barbara Mizzi, Thomas González, Anne Amrani, Pierre Lévêque, Brice Aymes, Jean-Nöel Argenson, Patrick Villani
The clinical efficacy of anti-osteoporotic treatments in old patients is discussed. The aim of this study was to assess if the use of anti-osteoporotic treatments for the secondary prevention of osteoporotic fractures could reduce the risk of refractures in patients over 75 years old in a Fracture Liaison Service. In this population of frail, elderly patients presenting with a recent osteoporotic fracture, we observed that the refracture incidence was similar in the treated group and the untreated group during the first year...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Anusmita Devi, Tannistha Samanta
This study examines the representation of older adults in print advertisements in an English-language magazine in post-reform India. Employing content analysis, this study finds a growing disenchantment of the Indian media with the image of a "happy joint family." A higher proportion of older adults are now portrayed alone or with younger adults compared to earlier portrayals with people of all age groups in an ad. Further, the portrayal of older adults as both parent and grandparent in the same ad has also reduced over the years, hinting at the restructured ideas of time, successful aging, and later life identities...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Cristina Lirio-Romero, Christoph Anders, Pedro De La Villa-Polo, María Torres-Lacomba
We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess differences in neuromotor attributes of shoulder muscles between age groups in both sexes and to better understand functional disorders in older women. Twenty young (20-42 years old), 20 middle-aged (43-67), and 20 older (> 68) adults participated in a comparative surface-electromyography study of five muscles. We identified age-related differences in women, especially in scapula stabilizer muscles. There was a tendency for both sexes of delayed onset times with increasing age, excepting the upper trapezius muscle in females...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Alka Khera, Poonam Kanta, Jaswinder Kalra, Dheeraj Dumir, Thungapathra M
Resveratrol's effect on bone mineral density (BMD) and expression of cytokines in ovariectomized rats (postmenopausal osteoporosis model) was studied. The study was conducted on 3-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats that were (a) sham-operated, (b) ovariectomized, (c) ovariectomized and treated with β-estradiol (487.5 µg/kg weight/day), and (d) ovariectomized and treated with resveratrol (625 µg/Kg body weight/day). The treatment was for 4 weeks. After sacrifice BMD and gene expression (RANKL, OPG, IL-23, and IL-17A, IL-1β, and TNFα) were measured in tibia and femur respectively...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Raquel Leirós-Rodríguez, Vicente Romo-Pérez, Ignacio Pérez-Ribao, José L García-Soidán
Inactivity has been associated with decreased quality of life of older people, and many physical activity programs are encouraged. However, the heterogeneity of the different exercise programs available is well recognized. The objective was to compare three physical activity programs (strength training, aqua fitness, and aerobic exercise) to discern the differences in the benefits achieved by each of them in older women over a period of 6 months. For that, a double-blind randomized trial sorted 347 women over 50 years old into three groups of exercise programs; they completed three sessions of evaluation that included the measurement of weight and body mass index and used the Senior Fitness Test (SFT) and SF-12 questionnaire...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Cathy O'Mullan, Joseph Debattista, Lynne Parkinson
The rates of STIs in women over 45 years have been steadily increasing in Australia and other Western countries. Traditionally sexual health and STI prevention and research has positioned young people as the priority population; to date, insufficient attention has been paid to the sexual health of women over 45 years. Using a strengths-based approach, the objective of this study was to explore the factors and mechanisms that enable Australian women aged 45 to 64 years to successfully negotiate safer sex practices in new relationships...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Jane E Freund, Deborah M Stetts, Autumn Oostindie, Jacob Shepherd, Srikant Vallabhajosula
The Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (LQ-YBT), a measure of dynamic balance used in young adults, has not been adequately studied in older women. We determined the reliability, normative values, and relationships to other balance measures for LQ-YBT in women aged 50-79 years. Interrater reliability was strong, and test-retest reliability was moderate to strong. Results by decade showed women 50-59 years had significantly better scores than both older groups. There were moderate positive correlations between single leg stance, gait speed, and LQ-YBT composite score...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Natalène Séjourné, Fabrice Got, Catherine Solans, Patrick Raynal
Menopause is an important life transition in women, and it is associated with significant physical and psychological changes. This study aimed at examining how the menopausal transition influences body image and satisfaction with sexual life. To this aim, body image dissatisfaction, sexual dissatisfaction, and self-esteem were compared in three groups of women with distinct menopausal status (premenopausal n = 142, perimenopausal n = 66, or postmenopausal n = 149), while controlling for depressive and anxiety symptoms and BMI...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Shan Lei
This study uses data from the 2013 Survey of Consumer Finances to investigate factors related to stock investment in individual retirement accounts and focuses on the role of gender and marital status in particular. This study finds that single women are less likely to own stocks and invest in fewer stocks in their IRAs. Personal characteristics, such as stock ownership in other financial assets, education level, and risk tolerance may play a key role in shaping individuals' decisions regarding stock investment in IRAs...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Mahdieh Rouhbakhsh, Fatihe Kermansaravi, Mansour Shakiba, Ali Navidian
Inviting husbands to come to terms with women's adaptation to the phenomenon of menopause is beneficial. The aim of this research was to uncover the effect of couples education on marital satisfaction. This study was performed on 80 menopausal women accompanied by their husbands. The intervention group received four sessions of couples education. The results showed that the mean increase in the rate of marital satisfaction after couples education in the intervention group was significantly higher than the control...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Samta P Pandya
This article reports a multicity yoga education program (YEP) experiment aimed at improving gait speed, muscular strength, and functional performance in Asian and African older women diagnosed with sarcopenia. Posttest gait speed and muscle strength scale scores were higher, and the six functional performance tests scores were above average for women who were from Asian cities; middle class; currently married; living with spouse, children, or kin; with good self-rated health; who regularly attended the YEP lessons and regularly self-practiced...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Sue Farrar, Jonathan Moizer, Jonathan Lean, Mark Hyde
This study uses a two-stage logistic regression model to explore the determinants of retirement planning behavior. A survey of 516 UK women and men of prestate retirement age was used to establish interrelationships between gender, retirement planning, and financial literacy, taking account of attitudinal and expectational variables. Findings confirm lower levels of planning among women, but contrary to previous studies, this study reveals that financial literacy is not significantly related to planning. Furthermore, when attitudinal and expectational variables are incorporated as independent variables, gender becomes statistically insignificant as a determinant of planning...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Rachel Ellison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Francine Conway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Laneshia R Conner, Malitta Engstrom, Eric Junious, Kevin Edwards-Knight
Woman to Woman (W2W) is a novel adaptation of the Sisters Informing Sisters about Topics on AIDS (SISTA) HIV prevention program. This article describes the process of adapting and piloting W2W based on recommendations from existing HIV prevention research. Six older women, all of whom had histories of homelessness and the majority of whom identified as African American, enrolled in the study, which piloted the adapted intervention and materials, evaluated the acceptability of the program, and assessed the measures related to the intervention...
September 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Agnieszka Olchowska-Kotala
The aims of the study were (a) to identify predictors of body esteem and (b) to expand on previous research by examining the link between global self-esteem and body esteem in a community-based sample of women in midlife. We found that body esteem in midlife women was predicted by body mass index (BMI), optimism, self-esteem, and menopausal symptoms. Although BMI was the main predictor of body esteem in middle-aged women, global self-esteem was more strongly related to feelings about appearance and physical condition than feelings about body size...
September 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Kyung Sook Cha, Hung Sa Lee
South Korea's elderly suicide rate is not merely the highest among the member nations of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, it is the highest in the world. This study analyzed the effect of ego-resilience and social support on depression and suicidal ideation of the elderly, providing baseline data to aid in the development of preventive programs on elder suicide. We found that ego-resilience is a strong inhibitor of suicidal ideation. Direct and indirect effects of social support on suicidal ideation were especially helpful for elders with mild depression...
September 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Tammy J Walkner, Andrea M Weare, Melissa Tully
Social isolation is a problem facing many older women. Isolation can contribute to poor health as adults age without social support. Increased and tailored communication offers service organizations more opportunities to provide social support to these adults. This research examines perceptions of aging to explore communication behaviors, barriers, and opportunities for improved communication and service provision for aging women. Using data from focus groups and interviews, this study finds that participants from community organizations rely on word of mouth and traditional media to communicate with their aging constituents, despite opportunities to use digital communication and to develop communication plans for this population...
September 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Ana Gallardo-Flores, José Antonio Sánchez-Medina, Cristina Fernández-Portero
In a study on informal or unpaid care, it is difficult to identify the consequences and effects of care provision on the caregiver's daily life. Thus, it is important to analyze the perceptions of the individual caregiver. This study describes the perceptions of health, well-being, support networks, and quality of life of 13 women aged between 45 and 70 years after completing an intervention program. The data indicate that caregivers' health and quality of life worsen with the intervention, and their well-being and social relations (through new technologies) improve...
September 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
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