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Journal of Women & Aging

Emma C Potter, Katherine R Allen, Karen A Roberto
Researchers consider older women in rural Appalachia to have low levels of agency and high levels of fatalism regarding decision making about cancer treatment. Using the life course perspective, we examined older women's agency with information seeking about gynecological cancer. Semistructured interviews with 20 White women living in central Appalachia revealed four trajectories: Surrendering Control, Accepting Death, Self-Care, and Advocacy, each with its own forms of agency. Some women experienced personal transformation, increased self-efficacy, and a passion for community empowerment...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Scholastica Ngozi Atata
Belief in the existence of witchcraft has remained a social phenomenon in Igbo society, especially with aged women who are often labeled witches. This study is exploratory and explains the implication of labeling an aged woman a witch and social relations in Igbo society in South-Eastern Nigeria. Twenty interviews were conducted with aged women who are victims of the witchcraft label and their relatives using qualitative methods of data collection, key informant interviews, and in-depth interviews. Data collected were analyzed using ethnographic content analysis...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Sefali Patel, Sebestina Anita Dsouza
The present study explored the experiences of Indian elderly women in meal preparation and food procurement. Ten elderly women aged 60-72 years residing in a metropolis were interviewed. Thematic analysis identified two overarching themes: "Meal preparation and food procurement are meaningful occupations" and "Meal preparation and food procurement change with age." The findings suggests that Indian elderly women valued their participation in these activities. They actively adopted alternative strategies and technologies to overcome the challenges experienced while performing these activities...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Paola Vitiello, Lucia Taramasso, Elena Ricci, Paolo Maggi, Canio Martinelli, Chiara Gabrielli, Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Valentina Di Cristo, Stefano Rusconi, Katia Falasca, Barbara Menzaghi, Alessandro Tebini, Antonio Di Biagio
This is a multicenter cross-sectional study where we aimed to detect the rate of osteopenia/osteoporosis in an HIV female population (WLWHIV) by means of "heel quantitative ultrasound" (QUS) measurement. We enrolled 273 patients, mean age 48.1 years, 36% menopausal, 96% on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Calcaneal measure of bone mass index by QUS revealed osteopenia and osteoporosis in 76 (27.8%) and 16 (5.9%) WLWHIV. Our data underline the correlation between low QUS parameters and traditional risk factors for osteoporosis rather than with cART exposure, thus suggesting the crucial importance of detection and correction of traditional risk factors for osteoporosis in WLWHIV...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Fang-Wen Hu, Chia-Ming Chang, Pei-Fang Su, Hsuan-Ying Chen, Ching-Huey Chen
This study investigated the incidence, rationales, and associated factors of inappropriate urinary catheter use among hospitalized older patients by gender. A longitudinal study of 321 patients with urinary catheter was conducted. Demographic factors, present health factors, urinary catheter factors, and indications of catheter use were collected. A total of 53.7% of urinary catheter-days were inappropriate. For both men and women, there was no significant difference in the incidence and common rationales of inappropriate use...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Ioanna Koutsofta, Ioannis Mamais, Stavri Chrysostomou
The main objective of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of protein supplementation through diet or dietary supplements on osteoporosis in postmenopausal women as evidenced by randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Five RCTs were included using dietary protein (N = 2), protein supplements (N = 2), and proteins through diet and supplements (N = 1). A total of 677 postmenopausal woman were included, all diagnosed with osteoporosis (T score < -2.5) and aged between 50 and 80 years...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Shanna L Burke, Tianyan Hu, Nicole M Fava, Tan Li, Miriam J Rodriguez, Katie L Schuldiner, Aaron Burgess, Angela Laird
This study examined biological sex differences in the development of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) development as predicted by changes in the hippocampus or white matter hyperintensities. A secondary data analysis of the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center Uniform Data Set was conducted. We selected samples of participants with normal cognition at baseline who progressed to MCI (n = 483) and those who progressed to probable AD (n = 211) to determine if hippocampal volume or white matter hyperintensities (WMH) at baseline predicted progression to probable AD or MCI and whether the rate of progression differed between men and women...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Hui-Ping Cheng, Ching-Huey Chen, Ming-Hsing Lin, Chong-Shan Wang, Yi-Ching Yang, Feng-Hwa Lu, Jin-Shang Wu, Sang-I Lin
This study explored the gender differences in the relationship between walking activity and sleep disturbances. A cross-sectional study of 201 community-dwelling older adults with diabetes was conducted in southern Taiwan. Using the Taiwanese version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, self-administered short version (IPAQ-SS), information on physical activity and sleep disturbance conditions was collected. Among older female adults with diabetes, 54.2% reported sleep disturbance significantly higher than males (38...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Carmelle Peisah, Georgina M Luscombe, Joanne K Earl, Chanaka Wijeratne
Despite increasing interest from the medical profession in aging and retirement, we know little about effects of gender, marital status, and cohort on aging within the profession. We surveyed 1,048 Australian doctors from "younger" (55-64) and "older" (65-89) cohorts, investigating gender and marital effects on perceptions of successful aging, career, and retirement intent. Women intend to retire earlier. Younger cohort and married women more frequently viewed their career as a calling, while women in general, and single women more frequently, endorsed personal successful aging more than men...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Kate A Morrissey Stahl, Jerry Gale, Denise C Lewis, Doug Kleiber
Older adult women make up a growing part of the population, and yet literature on the sexual activity over their life spans is lacking. This qualitative interview study explored the experience of 16 women aged 57-91 to better understand sexual pleasure over a lifetime. The participants described having to challenge cultural rules to create a supportive environment for sexual expression. Having access to Novel contexts in which to learn, cultivating Intimacy with partners and with oneself, being Creative with sexual activities, and Extending one's sense of sexual possibility into advanced age (NICE) supported sexual pleasure as women aged...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Jocelyn Elise Crowley
Recent research suggests that one out of every four divorces in the United States is now "gray," meaning that at least one half of the couple has reached the age of 50 when the marriage breaks down. To understand why this age group-the Baby Boomer generation-is splitting up, this study conducted 40 in-depth, semistructured interviews with men and 40 with women who have experienced a gray divorce in their lifetimes. Respondents' beliefs in an expressive individualistic model of marriage, where partnerships are only valuable if they help individuals achieve personal growth, were compared against their potential adherence to what I call a commitment-based model of marriage, where binding, romantic love holds couples together unless there is severe relationship strain...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Ana Luísa Patrão, Vicente Paulo Alves, Tiago Sousa Neiva
This article aims to identify the psychosocial factors associated with self-perceived health status in the Brazilian elderly population and to present differences related to gender. The data were collected by questionnaire, including sociodemographic and behavioral questions, and scales for psychological dimensions. Self-perceived health status is related to level of education, physical activity, and self-efficacy in the total population. Regarding gender differences, self-rated health status among men is related to education level and self-efficacy and in women to level of education, physical activity, social support, and self-efficacy...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
Francine Conway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Francine Conway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Tanya M Halliday, Diana M Thomas, Cynthia O Siu, David B Allison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Beatriz Novak, Daniel Lozano-Keymolen
The aim of this study is to investigate the association of early life factors with the timing of the onset of natural menopause in Costa Rica and Puerto Rico. We use Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the risk of the onset of menopause. Our results suggest that socioeconomic disadvantages, as expressed by difficulties attending school due to economic hardships or parents never living together, increase the risk of the onset of natural menopause among Puerto Rican women. Among Costa Rican women, early life nutrition, estimated using anthropometric measures, is related to the timing of the onset of natural menopause...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
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