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Journal of Women & Aging

Tannistha Samanta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Erin Cameron, Pamela Ward, Sue Ann Mandville-Anstey, Alyssa Coombs
While most body image research has focused on young female populations, evidence has shown that as few as 12% of older women are satisfied with their body size. Recent studies have also highlighted how anti-aging discourses are promoting unrealistic body norms, which have shown to contribute to poor body image and altered health behaviors. A systematic review of empirical studies focused on older women's perspectives of health, body image, and the aging body is presented. Findings support that body image is a persistent, lifelong issue for women and should be considered when implementing healthy aging policies and practices...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Jeongok Park, Young Joo Lee, Kyunghwa Lee, SoMi Park
Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common health problem in older women. The aim of the study was to investigate coffee consumption, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and associated factors of OAB in older Korean women living in rural South Korea. A total of 248 women aged 65 years and older participated in this study. Chi-square tests, t-tests, and multivariable logistic regressions were performed. The means of coffee consumption between OAB and non-OAB groups were not significantly different. Women with OAB showed significantly lower HRQOL than women with stress urinary incontinence only...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Abhishek Pandey, Kerry Littlewood, Larry Cooper, Julie McCrae, Michelle Rosenthal, Angelique Day, Liliana Hernandez
Custodial grandparenting can be especially challenging for older grandmothers facing age specific issues. Kinship navigator programs are social service delivery programs intended to inform grandparents and other relatives raising children about available resources and services, provide information specific to their individual needs, and help families navigate service systems. Our study utilizes self-report data from one kinship navigator federal demonstration project, which used a randomized control trial, to examine demographic characteristics for grandmothers under and over 55 years of age, whether grandmother caregivers (≥55 years) improve family resilience, social support, and caregiver self-efficacy, and which interventions improved outcomes for grandmothers (≥55 years)...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Elise K Eifert, Michael Hall, Paige Hall Smith, Laurie Wideman
Despite consistent evidence to suggest that participating in leisure is associated with perceived health status among older adults, there have been few attempts to determine the possible underlying mechanisms in this relationship, including the role of quality of life (QoL). This study examined the role of perceived quality of life in the relationship between leisure and perceived health in older women. Correlations, regression, and mediation analysis were conducted on data from the Woman's College Alumnae Women's Health Study...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Nicky J Newton, Preet K Chauhan, Shauna T Spirling, Abigail J Stewart
Retirement is a complex life transition. Women's retirement, like their work lives, may be further complicated, for example, by family or financial obligations; they may feel forced to retire or to continue working or feel they have the choice to do so. This study examines the role of voluntary versus involuntary retirement or continued work participation among retirement-age women; specifically, the relationships between choice, work status, and well-being. Compared to women forced to retire, women who chose retirement or continuing to work had higher levels of life satisfaction...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Emma C Potter, Katherine R Allen, Karen A Roberto
Researchers consider older women in rural Appalachia to have low levels of agency and high levels of fatalism regarding decision making about cancer treatment. Using the life course perspective, we examined older women's agency with information seeking about gynecological cancer. Semistructured interviews with 20 White women living in central Appalachia revealed four trajectories: Surrendering Control, Accepting Death, Self-Care, and Advocacy, each with its own forms of agency. Some women experienced personal transformation, increased self-efficacy, and a passion for community empowerment...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Scholastica Ngozi Atata
Belief in the existence of witchcraft has remained a social phenomenon in Igbo society, especially with aged women who are often labeled witches. This study is exploratory and explains the implication of labeling an aged woman a witch and social relations in Igbo society in South-Eastern Nigeria. Twenty interviews were conducted with aged women who are victims of the witchcraft label and their relatives using qualitative methods of data collection, key informant interviews, and in-depth interviews. Data collected were analyzed using ethnographic content analysis...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Sefali Patel, Sebestina Anita Dsouza
The present study explored the experiences of Indian elderly women in meal preparation and food procurement. Ten elderly women aged 60-72 years residing in a metropolis were interviewed. Thematic analysis identified two overarching themes: "Meal preparation and food procurement are meaningful occupations" and "Meal preparation and food procurement change with age." The findings suggests that Indian elderly women valued their participation in these activities. They actively adopted alternative strategies and technologies to overcome the challenges experienced while performing these activities...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Francine Conway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Francine Conway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Paola Vitiello, Lucia Taramasso, Elena Ricci, Paolo Maggi, Canio Martinelli, Chiara Gabrielli, Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Valentina Di Cristo, Stefano Rusconi, Katia Falasca, Barbara Menzaghi, Alessandro Tebini, Antonio Di Biagio
This is a multicenter cross-sectional study where we aimed to detect the rate of osteopenia/osteoporosis in an HIV female population (WLWHIV) by means of "heel quantitative ultrasound" (QUS) measurement. We enrolled 273 patients, mean age 48.1 years, 36% menopausal, 96% on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Calcaneal measure of bone mass index by QUS revealed osteopenia and osteoporosis in 76 (27.8%) and 16 (5.9%) WLWHIV. Our data underline the correlation between low QUS parameters and traditional risk factors for osteoporosis rather than with cART exposure, thus suggesting the crucial importance of detection and correction of traditional risk factors for osteoporosis in WLWHIV...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Fang-Wen Hu, Chia-Ming Chang, Pei-Fang Su, Hsuan-Ying Chen, Ching-Huey Chen
This study investigated the incidence, rationales, and associated factors of inappropriate urinary catheter use among hospitalized older patients by gender. A longitudinal study of 321 patients with urinary catheter was conducted. Demographic factors, present health factors, urinary catheter factors, and indications of catheter use were collected. A total of 53.7% of urinary catheter-days were inappropriate. For both men and women, there was no significant difference in the incidence and common rationales of inappropriate use...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Ioanna Koutsofta, Ioannis Mamais, Stavri Chrysostomou
The main objective of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of protein supplementation through diet or dietary supplements on osteoporosis in postmenopausal women as evidenced by randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Five RCTs were included using dietary protein (N = 2), protein supplements (N = 2), and proteins through diet and supplements (N = 1). A total of 677 postmenopausal woman were included, all diagnosed with osteoporosis (T score < -2.5) and aged between 50 and 80 years...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Shanna L Burke, Tianyan Hu, Nicole M Fava, Tan Li, Miriam J Rodriguez, Katie L Schuldiner, Aaron Burgess, Angela Laird
This study examined biological sex differences in the development of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) development as predicted by changes in the hippocampus or white matter hyperintensities. A secondary data analysis of the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center Uniform Data Set was conducted. We selected samples of participants with normal cognition at baseline who progressed to MCI (n = 483) and those who progressed to probable AD (n = 211) to determine if hippocampal volume or white matter hyperintensities (WMH) at baseline predicted progression to probable AD or MCI and whether the rate of progression differed between men and women...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Francine Conway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Tanya M Halliday, Diana M Thomas, Cynthia O Siu, David B Allison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Syeda Azra Batool, Hafiz Khalil Ahmed, Shazia Noureen Qureshi
The present study aimed to empirically examine the demographic variables that determine women's economic empowerment. A sample of 500 married women between 21 and 49 years old (Mage  = 35.49, SD = 7.66) was conveniently selected from district Multan (Pakistan). Control over economic resources was used as a proxy for women's economic empowerment. Ordered probit regression was run to assess the demographic determinants (i.e., age, education, paid job, income, and property) of economic empowerment of the least empowered, moderately empowered, and highly empowered women...
January 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Claudia Geist, Jennifer Tabler
This study examines the link between health and housework among older couples. For those out of the paid labor force, many of the standard arguments about relative resources and time availability no longer hold. Women spend more time on domestic tasks than men at any age; however, it is unclear how health shapes the household division of labor based on gender among older adults. This study examines the relative effect of three dimensions of health. Women's poor health increases the chance of an equal division of labor, but the gender nature of household tasks may limit women's ability to cut back...
January 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Thanh V Tran, Phu T Phan
Serious psychological distress and falls are two major public health problems among the elderly. This study aims to test the hypothesis that although serious psychological distress can increase the risks of falls among the elderly, it tends to affect elderly women more than elderly men. Data of this study are from the 2011 California Health Survey Interviews (CHIS). We extracted a sample of 13,153 respondents aged 65 and older for this study, including 8,087 females and 5,066 males. We tested both unadjusted and adjusted interaction effects using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis...
January 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
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