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Journal of Aging Studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215758/living-autobiographically-concepts-of-aging-and-artistic-expression-in-painting-and-modern-dance
#1
Mita Banerjee, Anita Wohlmann, Ralf Dahm
This article discusses the ways in which artists have incorporated or failed to incorporate the aging process of their bodies into their art. Using Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov and the French painter Claude Monet as cases in point, we explore situations in which physical changes brought about by aging compromises artists' ability to engage with their artistic medium. Connecting Monet's oeuvre and Baryshnikov's dance performances to life writing accounts, we draw on John Paul Eakin's concept of "living autobiographically": In this vein, life writing research does not only have to take into account concepts of identity as they emerge from life writing narratives, but it also needs to explore the somatic, corporeal and material dimensions of these narratives...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215757/-in-this-together-or-going-it-alone-spousal-dyad-approaches-to-alzheimer-s
#2
Ryan T Daley, Maureen K O'Connor, Steven D Shirk, Renée L Beard
Spouses provide the majority of care for individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The qualitative literature suggests that couples adopt one of two perspectives in their accounts of AD: a We/Us approach where couples describe experiences as a composite whole or an I/Me approach where couples describe themselves as experiencing the impact of AD separately. Little is known about how these perspectives relate to the individual characteristics of either affected party. This study investigated the experiences of dyads taking both approaches...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215756/a-critique-of-the-active-ageing-index
#3
José Manuel de São José, Virpi Timonen, Carla Alexandra Filipe Amado, Sérgio Pereira Santos
Active ageing and successful ageing are ubiquitous concepts in contemporary societies. In the European Union, active ageing is monitored and promoted chiefly by the Active Ageing Index, a policy tool in use since 2012. We acknowledge that the AAI may contribute to sensitizing people, including policymakers, to the multidimensionality and complexity of the process of "ageing well". However, we note that despite being widely used and promoted, the Active Ageing Index remains under-scrutinized. In this article, we undertake a comprehensive critical analysis of the Active Ageing Index...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215755/changing-the-culture-of-long-term-care-through-narrative-care-individual-interpersonal-and-institutional-dimensions
#4
Feliciano Villar, Rodrigo Serrat
Interest in the practice of narrative care with older adults is continuing to grow (Kenyon & Randall, 2015). Significant attention has been paid thus far to various formal interventions or programs that enhance the narrative development of individuals in later life by helping them to express and explore their unique life story. Comparatively little, however, has been paid to the many informal opportunities for practicing narrative care in long term settings that occur amidst everyday interpersonal interactions - e...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215754/-healthy-to-heaven-middle-agers-looking-ahead-in-the-context-of-wellness-consumption
#5
Veera Koskinen, Minna Ylilahti, Terhi-Anna Wilska
Concentrating on personal health and well-being has become a central objective for people living in wealthy societies. In an age of consumerism, the current health enthusiasm can be observed particularly in the fast-growing wellness industry, the popularity of which has increased, in particular, among mature consumers, a trend also evident in people's individual strategies for aging well. As it is generally assumed that aging people consume wellness mainly to delay signs of aging, this study focuses on this understudied phenomenon with the aim of deepening the profile of mature wellness consumers...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215753/preserving-personhood-the-strategies-of-men-negotiating-the-experience-of-dementia
#6
Edward Tolhurst, Bernhard Weicht
An understanding of dementia requires sensitivity to the complex breadth of factors that comprise the person's experiential and social context. This is necessary to ensure that academic and public perspectives on dementia are not subsumed under homogenising discourses that prioritise the neurodegenerative basis of the condition. Gender is one such factor of this 'social location' that must be acknowledged. Cultural standards of masculinity have particular impacts upon men with the condition, thus generating distinctive challenges...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215752/sex-after-60-you-ve-got-to-be-joking-senior-sexuality-in-comedy-film
#7
Margaret Gatling, Jane Mills, David Lindsay
Representations of the sexuality of older people have been largely absent in mainstream films until recent times. Cinema as an art form has historically denied or ignored the fact that humans are sexual beings their whole lives. In this paper critical discourse analysis is used to examine four comedy films released between 1993 and 2012 that tackle the subject of 'senior sexuality'. All four films are explicit in representing older people as sexual beings but, unlike films about young people's sexual activity, the details of sexual encounters are left to viewers' imaginations...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215751/rewriting-age-to-overcome-misaligned-age-and-gender-norms-in-later-life
#8
Jeremiah C Morelock, Jeffrey E Stokes, Sara M Moorman
In this paper we suggest that older adults undergo a misalignment between societal age norms and personal lived experience, and attempt reconciliation through discursive strategies: They rewrite how they frame chronological age as well as their subjective relations to it. Using a sample of 4041 midlife and older adults from the 2004-2006 wave of the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS II), we explore associations of age and gender with subjective age and at what age respondents felt people enter later life...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215750/organizational-capacities-for-residential-care-homes-for-the-elderly-to-provide-culturally-appropriate-end-of-life-care-for-chinese-elders-and-their-families
#9
Sui-Ting Kong, Christine Meng-Sang Fang, Vivian Weiqun Lou
Developing culturally appropriate end-of-life care for Chinese elderly and families is not an endemic challenge for Hong Kong, but that of the Western countries with a noticeable trend of rising Chinese population. The particular development of Hong Kong healthcare system, which is currently the major provider of end-of-life care, makes Hong Kong a fruitful case for understanding the confluence of the West and the East cultures in end-of-life care practices. This study therefore aims at building our best practice to enhance the capacity of residential care homes in providing culturally appropriate end-of-life care...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912860/late-style-as-exile-de-colonising-the-life-course
#10
Heike Hartung
In the collection of essays On Late Style, Edward Said reflects on the new idiom achieved by great artists in their work near the end of their lives as "late style." Drawing on Adorno's essay on Beethoven's late style, Said also focuses on the aesthetic aspects of lateness. Defining the late works of artists as "a form of exile," however, Said moves beyond Adorno's aesthetic conception of late style. Highlighting the artist's abandonment of communication with the established social order, who achieves a contradictory, alienated relationship with it instead, Said compares artistic lateness with the experience of the subject in exile...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912859/alienation-and-alterity-age-in-the-existentialist-discourse-on-others
#11
Harm-Peer Zimmermann
Aging Studies and Postcolonial Studies belong together in a rather fundamental way, given that they share profound theoretical roots and far-reaching critical perspectives. These derive not only from the more recent poststructuralist discourse on others but also, further back, from the existentialist discourse on others - particularly in issues relating to "The Look" as elaborated by Jean-Paul Sartre in his major philosophical treatise Being and Nothingness and in his reflections on racism, colonialism and humanism...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912858/postcolonial-perspectives-in-aging-studies-introduction
#12
EDITORIAL
Silke van Dyk, Thomas Küpper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912857/homelessness-and-aging-the-contradictory-ordering-of-house-and-home
#13
Amanda Grenier, Rachel Barken, Colleen McGrath
The concepts of 'house' and 'home' are compelling and contradictory. They are compelling because they elicit the desired sentiments of permanence, feeling 'at home', and maintaining continuity in one's life. At the same time, they can be experienced as contradictory where organizational practices and the socio-cultural imperatives of individual responsibility, cost containment, and rationed services are concerned. Where 'house' tends to evoke a sense of permanent stability, 'home' is regarded as the ideal living environment and site of care for older people...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912856/processes-of-developing-community-livability-in-older-age
#14
Kendra S Heatwole Shank, Malcolm P Cutchin
OBJECTIVE: 'Community livability' is a widely used term that is still under-conceptualized. The purpose of the project was to theorize key dynamics of livability for older adults who are aging in place in their homes and communities. METHODS: Twelve community-dwelling adults (70+) were recruited in a multiple-case study design. Interviews and naturalistic observations were used over the course of 6months. Global positioning system (GPS) devices were used to generate maps (routines, routes, type and duration of activities) to elicit additional insights through interviews...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912855/increasing-pension-age-inevitable-or-unfeasible-analysing-the-ideas-underlying-experts-arguments-in-the-uk-and-germany
#15
Steffen Hagemann, Simone Scherger
Based on interviews with German and British experts from major political parties, government departments, employer confederations, trade unions and special interest organisations, we investigate the chains of arguments that these experts advance in favour of or against increases in state pension age. In this way, we add to the explanation why very similar reforms could be enforced in the very different pension systems of Germany and the UK. The chains of arguments deployed are surprisingly similar between the two countries: Whereas the proponents of reform stress its necessity in the context of pension spending and see older people as being able to work longer, opponents and sceptics of the increase doubt most older people's ability to work longer and thus the feasibility of the reform...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912854/immune-to-ageism-men-s-perceptions-of-age-based-discrimination-in-everyday-contexts
#16
Hanna Ojala, Ilkka Pietilä, Pirjo Nikander
Despite long-term, conceptually and theoretically refined discussions, the phenomenon of ageism still remains empirically under-developed. To better understand the diversity of ageism, its contextual variations and gender-specific dynamics in people's daily lives, this study focuses on how different interactional contexts shape men's perceptions of ageism. Using data from 67 thematic personal interviews with 23 middle and working class men aged 50-70, this study contributes to the sorely lacking, empirically based and nuanced understanding of how ageism is experienced, and adds to the research on the internalization of ageism which to date has primarily focused on older women's experiences...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912853/-and-how-old-are-you-age-reference-as-an-interpretative-device-in-radio-counselling
#17
Nataliya Thell, Katarina Jacobsson
AIM OF STUDY: Negotiations about problem definitions are a crucial part of psychotherapeutic and counselling work. In a conversation with a psychotherapist or a counsellor, the client's initial description of his or her trouble is transformed into an expert-informed problem formulation. This study aims to explicate how reasoning about troubles and life difficulties in a dialogue with a psychotherapist may be grounded in cultural knowledge about ageing. METHOD AND DATA: We draw upon ethnomethodology, and particularly on conversation analysis and membership categorisation analysis, to describe how age identities can be invoked in reasoning about explanations and solutions of psychological problems...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912852/old-age-and-vulnerability-between-first-second-and-third-person-perspectives-ethnographic-explorations-of-aging-in-contemporary-denmark
#18
Lone Grøn
This paper is based on an ethnographic fieldwork aimed at exploring ethnographically how vulnerability in old age is perceived and experienced in contemporary Denmark. The fieldwork showed remarkable differences between two phases of the fieldwork: the first addressing vulnerability from the "outside" through group interviews with professionals, leaders and older people who were not (yet) vulnerable; and the second from the "inside" through more in depth fieldwork with older people who in diverse ways could be seen as vulnerable...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912851/age-mimicry-a-perspective-on-the-young-old
#19
Thomas Küpper
This essay proposes drawing on Homi K. Bhabha's concept of colonial mimicry to theorize the young-old's imitation of midlife. Bhabha states: "colonial mimicry is the desire for a reformed, recognizable Other, as a subject of a difference that is almost the same, but not quite". On an abstract level, similarities can be found in what is expected of the young-old: the young-old are to orient themselves towards middle-age norms, yet only to a certain degree and only when respecting the allegedly natural differences between the ages of life...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912850/oscillating-in-and-out-of-place-experiences-of-older-adults-residing-in-homeless-shelters-in-montreal-quebec
#20
Victoria F Burns
Aging in place is desirable from the perspective of older adults and policy makers alike. However, the meaning of 'place' for adults experiencing homelessness has been largely overlooked. Addressing this gap, this constructivist grounded theory study discusses the meaning of place for 15 older adults residing in emergency homeless shelters in Montreal, Quebec. Findings revealed that four interrelated dimensions of place-that is, control, comfort, privacy, and security were instrumental in supporting participants' ability to feel in place across housed-homeless trajectories...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
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