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Journal of Aging Studies

Vera Gallistl
OBJECTIVES: In the last fifteen years, research on aging has seen a new interest in creativity in later life. While late-life creativity has often been described as a method to unpack the potential of older adults in the face of demographic change, this newfound interest is arguably linked to the commodification of late-life creativity itself in terms of innovation and productivity. These new modes of creativity might then also establish new ways to age. Has the homo aestheticus spread into old age? METHOD: To explore this question, this paper first lays out a praxeology of late-life creativity...
September 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Tolga Tezcan
This study focuses on circular migration amongst older Turkish immigrants to investigate two main questions: (1) How do perceived health and available healthcare systems in Turkey and Germany determine the structure of circular migration? (2) How is eldercare shaped by intergenerational conflict and exchange relations amongst older immigrants, their adult children in Germany, and their extended families in Turkey? Through the analysis of 40 in-depth interviews, this study finds that while Turkey offers healthier physical, psychological, and religious options, older circular migrants are more drawn to Germany because they perceive its healthcare system to be superior...
September 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Jason Rodriquez, Kathrin Boerner
Hospice has grown considerably but the likelihood that someone gets hospice depends on social and organizational practices. This article shows how staff beliefs and work routines influenced hospice utilization in two nursing homes. In one, 76% of residents died on hospice and in the other 24% did. Staff identified barriers to hospice including families who saw hospice as giving up and gaps in the reimbursement system. At the high-hospice nursing home, staff said hospice care extended beyond what they provided on their own...
September 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Keith D Revell
Between 1950 and 1980, South Beach, at the southern tip of Miami Beach, was transformed into an unplanned retirement community by the arrival of thousands of elderly, poor, mainly Jewish in-migrants. South Beach seniors had a profound impact on the local economy and became a dominant force in city politics, profoundly altering perceptions of what was formerly a tourist resort. After 1980, the elderly population of South Beach declined rapidly and effectively disappeared by the turn of the century. This essay traces the rise and fall of South Beach as a large-scale, informal, voluntary, urban retirement enclave to show how key features of the political economy of cities in the United States may frustrate the aspirations of environmental gerontology to enlist municipal governments in the effort to provide desirable options for aging-in-the-right-place to a broad socio-economic range of seniors...
September 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Rachel Heinrichsmeier
A growing body of research examining age-in-interaction has revealed the way in which people orientate to stereotypical associations of aging. However, relatively little attention has been given to the way older-age categorial terms and expressions are used in everyday, non-medicalised settings and the kinds of identities thereby achieved. In this study I aim to bring to the fore and explain the variability of stances towards older-age terms and expressions in an ordinary setting, a hair-salon. I explore this variability by scrutinizing in detail cases where older women resist another's use of aging to explain their ailment or complaint, and contrast these with cases where the same women, in the same appointment, themselves invoke older age to explain or intensify their own problem...
September 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Emmi Kauppila, Matilda Hellman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Christine Novy
Life story work is generally regarded as a way for people living with dementia to maintain their connection with the past and facilitate meaningful communication in the present. This paper presents a single-case life story study that highlights themes of care giving and receiving in the interconnecting stories of a mother living with dementia and her adult son. The project methodology was informed by ideas and practices from both drama therapy and narrative therapy and, as such, combined a performative approach to life story work with a creative, collaborative approach to communication...
September 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Nick Caddick, Gill McGill, Jane Greaves, Matthew D Kiernan
'Maintaining independence' is a core project for many older people; a project which has received critical attention within aging studies. In this paper, we extend the critique by exploring how aging intersects with disability and militarism as additional critical subjectivities. The empirical focus of the paper is the narratives of older military veterans who had lost a limb either during or post-service. Data reveal the long legacy of military experience in the lives of these veterans; a legacy which is manifested in both negative and positive outcomes...
September 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Lila Rabinovich, Anya Samek
We conducted focus groups (n = 68) to explore how older Americans feel about their past Social Security claiming decisions. Like most older Americans, our focus group participants claimed Social Security early: about 45% claimed Social Security at age 62, and about 65% claimed before Full Retirement Age (ages 65-66). We might expect that older adults may regret early claiming, since this can result in lower financial security in later life. Respondents reported satisfaction with their decisions to claim relatively early...
September 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Guido Cuyvers, Fleur Thomése, Theo van Tilburg
Third Age adults leaving the labour market are not only armed with broad experience and multiple competencies but also find themselves free of professional obligations while still physically sound. The general theory of Third Age of Laslett sheds a new light on characteristics of ageing adults and their role in society. They are able to engage in society in ways inaccessible to previous generations of older adults. According to Laslett, combining a myriad personal strengths and being free of professional obligations they are challenged to make Third Age a time of personal development by making choices of engagement and civic contribution...
September 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Adam B Evans, Anne Nistrup, Gertrud Pfister
Studies of governance rarely examine how specific institutional configurations are designed to target specific 'problem' groups, including older adults via 'active ageing' policies. In Denmark, active ageing policy has been contoured by the Structural Reform of 2007, which drove changes in institutional landscapes at both national and local levels. Rather than representing a 'hollowing out' of control from the centre, the Danish Structural Reform comprised a decentralised re-territorialisation of welfare provision, giving the state additional fiscal powers whilst placing additional responsibility for welfare delivery at the municipal level...
September 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Stephen Katz, Barbara L Marshall
This paper explores the technical turn to new ways of quantifying and standardizing measurements of age as these intersect with discourses of anti-aging and speculative futures of 'smart' quantified aging bodies. Often couched in a metaphorical language of 'smart', 'fit', 'boosting' and 'optimizing', the aging body is emerging as a node for data collection, monitoring, and surveillance. The research is located in the current literature that links aging, bodies and technologies, with specific extended examples of wearable devices such as fitness trackers and digital exercises such as brain games designed for memory performance...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Sarah Nettleton, Christina Buse, Daryl Martin
Architects shape future dwellings and built environments in ways that are critical for aging bodies. This article explores how assumptions about aging bodies are made manifest in architectural plans and designs. By analysing entries for an international student competition Caring for Older People (2009), we illustrate the ways in which aged bodies were conceived by future architectural professionals. Through analysing the architectural plans, we can discern the students' expectations and assumptions about aging bodies and embodiment through their use of and reference to spaces, places and things...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Chris Gilleard, Paul Higgs
The focus upon the body in the social sciences has had a growing influence in recent years on aging studies. Various terms have been used to explore the relationship between the body and society, of which 'corporeality' and 'embodiment' have taken pride of place. In this paper, we present the case for drawing a clear distinction between these two terms and the consequences that follow from it for the study of the body in social and cultural gerontology. Central to this distinction is the place of social agency...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Andy Bennett
During the last two decades there has been increasing interest in the phenomenon of the aging popular music audience (Bennett & Hodkinson, 2012). Although the specter of the aging fan is by no means new, the notion of, for example, the aging rocker or the aging punk has attracted significant sociological attention, not least of all because of what this says about the shifting socio-cultural significance of rock and punk and similar genres - which at the time of their emergence were inextricably tied to youth and vociferously marketed as "youth musics"...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Pia Kontos, Alisa Grigorovich
With the biomedicalisation and the pharmaceuticalisation of dementia, music programs, as with other arts- and leisure-based programs, have primarily been implemented as non-pharmacological means to generate social and behavioural changes. We argue that understanding and fully supporting the musicality of persons living with dementia requires engagement with citizenship discourse. Specifically we draw on a model of relational citizenship that recognizes that corporeality is a fundamental source of self-expression, interdependence, and reciprocal engagement...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Sweta Rajan-Rankin
This theoretical essay examines the intersections between race, ethnicity and old age from an inter-disciplinary lens. Drawing on cultural gerontology (especially embodied aging studies) and post-colonial perspectives on aging, it explores how an emphasis on the body and embodiment can serve as a conceptual lens for understanding racialized aging bodies. A tentative framework for analysis is proposed. The concept of exile explores how bodies of color and older bodies are denigrated through the hegemonic (white, youth-centered, masculinist) gaze...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Linn J Sandberg
Despite person-centred approaches increasingly focusing on looking at the person in dementia instead of the pathology, the role of gender in dementia has been little explored. This article discusses how pervasive discourses on a loss of self and dementia as abject are interwoven with a de-gendering of persons with dementia. The cultural anxiety that dementia evokes in terms of loss of bodily and cognitive control could also be linked to a failure to normatively and intelligibly express gender when living with dementia...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Laura Hurd Clarke, Maya Lefkowich
The article explores what older Canadian men consider to be the definition of masculinity, how they evaluate their own masculinity relative to their definition, and how and why they use particular forms of body work in response to aging and their understandings of masculinity. Data are presented from qualitative interviews with 29 community-dwelling men aged 65-89. The men in our study defined masculinity relationally with femininity and homosexuality and identified three hallmarks of masculinity, namely: physical strength, leadership, and virility...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Toni Calasanti, Neal King
To test a popular belief that men and women become more alike with age, we ask whether and how bodily changes that accompany aging might influence the ways that people do gender. Drawing on theories that view both gender and age as ongoing accomplishments, we use interview data gathered from people aged 42-61 years to ask whether masculinity and femininity become less relevant with age, whether people feel themselves to be less gendered. Our analysis shows, first, that respondents see manhood and womanhood as rooted in the appearances of their bodies...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
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