journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Violence and Victims

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516861/victim-gender-rater-attitudes-and-rater-violence-history-influence-perceptions-of-intimate-partner-violence
#1
Kerry A Erickson, Melissa Jonnson, Jennifer I Langille, Zach Wals
Perceptions of intimate partner violence (IPV) have been proposed to play a role in the stigmatization and underreporting of violence by individuals who are victimized by intimate partners, especially in cases that are inconsistent with the male-to-female IPV paradigm. We examined the independent and combined influences of victim and perpetrator sex, attitudes toward gender roles, and history of IPV perpetration on perceptions of IPV among 240 college students. We employed a vignette methodology to manipulate perpetrator and victim sex in a fully crossed design...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516858/southern-women-at-risk-narratives-of-familial-and-social-hiv-risk-in-justice-involved-u-s-women-in-alabama
#2
Courtenay Sprague, Bharathi Radhakrishnan, Shelley Brown, Theresa Sommers, David W Pantalone
Justice-involved HIV-positive women, particularly those in the U.S. South, are a hidden, understudied population. Little work has explored their psychosocial histories in relation to their HIV risk. We conducted a content analysis of their life history narratives from childhood to present, via in-depth interviews with 24 such women in 2 Alabama cities. Findings included the following: (a) In childhood/adolescence, consistent HIV risk factors were present, beginning with early sexual abuse and induction into alcohol/substance use; (b) By early adulthood, HIV and incarceration risks were compounded in social settings, through cyclical substance use, revictimization, and reoffending;...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516857/co-occurring-cyberbullying-and-school-bullying-victimization-and-associations-with-mental-health-problems-among-canadian-middle-and-high-school-students
#3
Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga
This study examined the associations between co-occurring cyberbullying and school bullying victimization with poor self-rated mental health, psychological distress, and suicidal ideation and attempts among 4,886 Canadian students in Grades 7-12 and tested whether these associations differed between middle and high school students. There are 12.2% of students who were victims of both cyberbullying and school bullying. After adjusting for covariates, victims of both cyberbullying and school bullying presented the highest odds of poor self-rated mental health (odds ratio [OR] = 5...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516856/dating-violence-perpetration-associations-with-early-maladaptive-schemas
#4
Ryan C Shorey, Catherine Strauss, Heather Zapor, Gregory L Stuart
Violence between dating couples is a serious and prevalent problem among college students (Shorey, Cornelius, & Bell, 2008). Social-cognitive theories of aggression (e.g., Berkowitz, 1990) propose that perpetrators may have more maladaptive cognitive schemas that increase risk for aggression than non-perpetrators. Thus, this study examined differences between perpetrators and non-perpetrators of dating violence on early maladaptive schemas, which are rigidly held cognitive and behavioral patterns that guide how individuals encode and respond to stimuli in their environments (Young, Klosko, & Weishaar, 2003)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516855/victim-impact-statements-how-victim-social-class-affects-juror-decision-making
#5
Kimberly Schweitzer, Narina Nuñez
Although the Supreme Court has ruled that victim impact statements (VIS) should be allowed at trial, the concern voicedin Payne v. Tennessee (1991) and Furman v. Georgia (1972) was that VIS might enable jurors to make comparative judgments about the worth of the victim. This study examined the effect VIS and low and middle socioeconomic status (SES) victims have on jurors' decisions. Mock jurors listened to 1 of 3 audio recordings of the sentencing phase of a capital murder trial (no VIS, low SES VIS, or middle SES VIS) and were asked to sentence the defendant to either life in prison without parole or death...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516854/mother-father-and-teacher-agreement-on-victimization-and-bullying-in-children-with-psychiatric-disorders
#6
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Farhat Siddiqui, Raman Baweja, Daniel A Waschbusch, Richard E Mattison, Dara E Babinski
Bullying is a significant international problem, and parent-teacher agreement on identifying perpetrators and victims is poor in general population studies. The goal of our study is to assess informant discrepancies in children with mental health disorders. Parents and teachers completed the Pediatric Behavior Scale as part of a diagnostic evaluation for 1,723 children (ages 2-16 years) referred to a psychiatry clinic over the past 10 years. Mother and father bullying and victimization ratings on the Pediatric Behavior Scale were similar, but parent-teacher agreement was poor...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516853/a-gendered-analysis-of-the-shadow-of-sexual-harm-among-a-college-sample
#7
Aimee Petitt, Noelle Linville, Scott York, Carrie L Cook
This study uses survey methodology to examine correlates of fear of crime among men and women to discern the unique impact of risk perception, victimization, vicarious victimization, and fear of sexual harm on fear of crime. Recently, scholars have begun to examine fear separately by gender, which is vital given the unique experiences men and women have with fear and victimization. We examine two different types of fear of crime to determine whether the effects of these correlates differ by crime type across gender...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516851/intimate-partner-abuse-and-attachment-a-comparison-between-abused-and-nonabused-women
#8
M Meghan Davidson, Michael S Butchko, Janice E Castro, Krista Robbins
The purpose of this study was to examine intimate partner abuse (IPA), parental attachment, and romantic attachment among college women. More specifically, IPA was examined such that women who had experienced abuse and those who had not were compared with respect to parental and romantic attachment using the lens of attachment theory. Undergraduate women (N = 502) completed an online survey assessing their experiences of IPA as well as their parental and romantic attachment styles. Bivariate correlations demonstrated that IPA was significantly associated with all study variables (i...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516850/are-men-with-a-history-of-head-injury-less-responsive-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Felicia A Akerele, Christopher M Murphy, Megan R Williams
Head injury is highly prevalent among intimate partner violence (IPV) offenders. This study investigates responsivenessto cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for partnerviolent men with and without a history of head injury using archival data on 310 males seeking IPV counseling at a community domestic violence agency. Participants reported on their history of head injury, age at injury, and length of time unconscious in a structured interview at program intake. Criminal justice outcomes were assessed for the 2-year period after scheduled completion of treatment using a publicly available state database...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516849/identification-of-nonfatal-strangulation-by-911-dispatchers-suggestions-for-advances-toward-evidence-based-prosecution
#10
Amy Reckdenwald, Chelsea Nordham, Adam Pritchard, Brielle Francis
Research highlights the need for systematic law enforcement training on nonfatal strangulation in domestic violence situations to improve evidence-based prosecution of these violent felonies. However, most of this research focuses on the role of police officers in the safety response. Although often overlooked, this research examines the role of 911 dispatchers, who are many times the first person the victim calls for assistance. This study examines official domestic violence records, gathered through a partnership with a County Sheriff's agency, to determine whether domestic violence strangulation is being adequately identified and documented by first responders...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516848/the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-in-female-sexual-coercion
#11
Holly A Miller, Jeffrey A Bouffard, Cassidy A DeHaan
Researchers have consistently found a relationship between psychopathy and the use of sexual coercion in samples of males with and without previous sexual arrests (Abbey, Jacques-Tiura, & LeBreton, 2011; Hare, 1991; Hersh & Gray-Little, 1998; Seto & Lalumiere, 2000). Although there is growing recognition that females also engage in sexually coercive behavior, current understanding of female coercion is limited (Bouffard, Bouffard, & Miller, 2015; Cortoni, Hanson, & Coache, 2010; Muñoz, Khan, & Cordwell, 2011)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516847/who-is-at-risk-for-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-using-latent-class-analysis-to-explore-interpersonal-polyvictimization-and-polyperpetration-among-pregnant-young-couples
#12
Tiara C Willie, Adeya Powell, Jessica Lewis, Tamora Callands, Trace Kershaw
The purpose of our study was (a) to use latent class analyses to identify subgroups of interpersonal polyvictimizationand polyperpetration among young pregnant couples and (b) examine actor-partner effects of latent classes on current intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization. Data were collected from 296 pregnant young couples recruited at obstetrics and gynecology clinics. A 3-latent class model emerged for women: Polyvictim-Polyperpetrator, Nonvictim-Nonperpetrator, and Community and Prior IPV Victim...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516846/revealing-victimization-the-impact-of-methodological-features-in-the-national-crime-victimization-survey
#13
Jennifer Gatewood Owens
This study examines the impact of methodological features of the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) on respondent willingness to report violent, serious violent, and property victimizations to the NCVS. Bounded and unbounded data from the 1999-2005 NCVS are used to create a longitudinal file of respondents, and survey-weighted logistic regression models are used to assess the factors associated with the reporting of victimization. Net of sociodemographic control variables, unbounded interviews produced higher estimates of serious violence (72%), violence (66%), and property victimization (67%)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516840/victim-alcohol-intoxication-during-a-sexual-assault-relations-with-subsequent-ptsd-symptoms
#14
Anna E Jaffe, Anne L Steel, David DiLillo, Lesa Hoffman, Kim L Gratz, Terri L Messman-Moore
This study examines associations between women's alcohol intoxication at the time of sexual assault and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. Drawing on the dual representation theory (Brewin, Gregory, Lipton, & Burgess, 2010), we hypothesized that intoxication at the time of assault would be positively associated with both overall symptoms of PTSD and PTSD reexperiencing symptoms in particular. A total of 143 community women (ages 18-26 years; 71.3% European American) reporting sexual victimization completed questionnaires assessing severity of coercion involved in the assault, perceived level of intoxication at the time of assault, and current PTSD symptoms...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516839/ethno-racial-differences-in-children-s-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-violence
#15
Maria M Galano, Margaret D McGuire, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Nora Montalvo-Liendo, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
One in 15 children in the United States are exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) each year. Although much is known about the adverse effects of witnessing IPV on children, little attention has been given to the impact of IPV on children of diverse ethno-racial backgrounds. In particular, the association between IPV and children's attitudes and beliefs about violence across different ethno-racial populations remains to be explored. One hundred ninety children between the ages of 4 and 12 years of varying ethno-racial backgrounds who had witnessed recent IPV were interviewed regarding their attitudes and beliefs about IPV...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516838/acute-alcohol-use-history-of-homelessness-and-intent-of-injury-among-a-sample-of-adult-emergency-department-patients
#16
Katelyn K Jetelina, Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez, Carlos V R Brown, Michael L Foreman, Craig Field
BACKGROUND: The literature is clear that adults who are currently homeless also have higher rates of intentional injuries, such as assault and suicide attempts. No study has assessed whether intentional injuries are exacerbated because of substance use among adults with a history of homelessness. METHODS: Data were obtained from a cohort of adults admitted to 3 urban emergency departments (EDs) in Texas from 2007 to 2010 (N = 596). Logistic regression analyses were used to determine whether a history of homelessness was associated with alcohol use at time of injury in intentional violent injuries (gunshot, stabbing, or injury consistent with assault)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516837/help-seeking-behavior-among-moroccan-romanian-and-ecuadorian-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-in-spain
#17
Carmen Vives-Cases, Daniel La Parra
This study aims to identify different types of response to intimate partner violence (IPV) and help-related seeking behavior among Spain's most numerous immigrant groups- Moroccans, Romanians, and Ecuadorians. Women reporting physical, sexual and/or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner (n = 194) were selected from a cross-sectional study based on 1,607 surveys (2011). There are 84% of surveyed battered women who reported seeking help through informal and/or formal channels. The most frequently reported informal help-seeking behavior was talking with the abusive partner (from 63% to 83%)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516836/a-review-and-assessment-of-intimate-partner-violence-interventions-and-trainings-for-service-providers-and-frontline-staff
#18
Soonok An, Y Joon Choi
Despite a long history of various service providers' interactions with the survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV), previous reviews of interventions for service providers addressing IPV have only focused on those employed in medical settings. This review closely examines evidence related to interventions for service providers and frontline staff in nonmedical settings to identify effective interventions to address IPV and assist IPV survivors. Using explicit criteria, 16 studies were included in this review...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516835/modifying-self-blame-self-esteem-and-disclosure-through-a-cooperative-cross-age-teaching-intervention-for-bullying-among-adolescents
#19
Michael J Boulton, Louise Boulton
Bullying is common among school students, and some victims hold self-blaming attributions, exhibit low self-esteem, anddo not seek social support. A wait-list control pre-/post-test experimental design, with random allocation, was used to assess the effects of a novel cross-age teaching of social issues (CATS) intervention on the latter 3 variables among peer-identified victims of bullying (N = 41, mean age = 14.5 years). In small cooperative groups of classmates, participants designed and delivered a lesson to younger students that informed them that bullies not victims are in the wrong, victims have no reason to feel bad about themselves, and that seeking help can be beneficial...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516832/the-neighborhood-context-of-hate-crime-a-comparison-of-violent-and-property-offenses-using-rare-events-modeling
#20
Kathryn Benier
Many studies into the antecedents of hate crime in the neighborhood combine offense categories, meaning that it is unclear whether or not there are distinct contextual factors associated with violent and property hate offenses. This study uses rare events modeling to examine the household and neighborhood factors associated with violent and property offenses. Using the Australian Community Capacity Study, the study focuses on the neighborhood characteristics influencing self-reported violent and property hate crime for 4,396 residents in Brisbane...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
journal
journal
30279
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"