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Violence and Victims

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216933/the-impact-of-victim-alcohol-consumption-and-perpetrator-use-of-force-on-perceptions-in-an-acquaintance-rape-vignette
#1
Amy L Brown, Jada Horton, Ariel Guillory
Research suggests that victims of incapacitated rape (when someone has sex with a person who is unable to consent to orresist sexual activity, usually because of intoxication) face higher levels of victim blame than do victims of forcible rape (Krahé, Temkin, & Bieneck, 2007). However, it is not clear whether blame is the result of victim alcohol consumption or the lack of force and resistance present during incapacitated rape; both of these factors have been shown to increase victim blame. The current vignette study crossed victim alcohol consumption and perpetrator use of force...
December 7, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195520/police-officers-rape-myth-acceptance-examining-the-role-of-officer-characteristics-estimates-of-false-reporting-and-social-desirability-bias
#2
Rachel M Venema
This study examines police officers' perceptions of sexual assault and those who report sexual assault to the police, using a revised version of the Rape Myth Acceptance Scale along with a measure of social desirability bias. The study includes survey responses from 174 officers from 1 mid-sized police department in the Great Lakes region. Results show low to moderate levels of rape myth acceptance scores on the Rape Myth Acceptance Scale, with highest scores related to victim lying. Officers report very high estimates of false reporting, indicating some rape myth acceptance...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195519/reducing-violence-in-correctional-institutions-revalidation-of-the-inmate-risk-assessment-for-violent-nonsexual-victimization
#3
Ryan M Labrecque, Heidi Scherer, James T McCafferty
Jail and prison administrators are responsible for ensuring institutional safety and order. Recent estimates indicate violence in correctional institutions is pervasive. One promising approach to reduce institutional violence is using a risk assessment to predict the likelihood of victimization. Once corrections officials identify high victimization risk offenders, these authorities can take steps to triage interventions to mitigate such risks. This strategy, however, requires a classification instrument that is available and predictively valid...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195518/characteristics-of-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-experienced-by-a-sample-of-portuguese-men
#4
Andreia Machado, Denise Hines, Marlene Matos
International research has established that men can be victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). In Portugal, this phenomenon has not yet received scientific or social attention, although since the 1990s, IPV has been acknowledged as a notable problem. An online cross-sectional study was conducted with 89 heterosexual men who, after completing the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales, identified themselves as victims of IPV. We examined the prevalence of IPV, its context, its perceived impact, men's reactions after an episode of violence, men's perceived motives for the partner's aggressive behavior, and reasons that prevented men from leaving the abusive relationship...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195517/organized-activity-participation-and-relational-aggression-the-role-of-positive-youth-development
#5
Andria B Eisman, Sarah A Stoddard, José A Bauermeister, Cleopatra H Caldwell, Marc A Zimmerman
Relational aggression among early adolescents is a pervasive problem that negatively influences the health and well-being of youth. Strength-based approaches such as positive youth development (PYD) are a promising way to reduce risk of detrimental outcomes such as relational aggression. Participation in organized activities is a key way that youth build assets related to PYD. Yet, few researchers have examined empirically assets related to PYD as a mechanism by which organized activity participation may help reduce risk of relational aggression...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195516/economic-abuse-within-intimate-partner-violence-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Amanda M Stylianou
This article reviews the literature on the measurement of, impact of, and interventions for economic abuse within intimate partner relationships. Current assessment measures for economic abuse, along with estimates of the prevalence of economic abuse, are reviewed and critiqued. Research exploring the impact of economic abuse on the victim's mental health and psychological well-being, family formations and parenting practices, and children's behaviors and youth outcomes are presented. Recently developed interventions, including financial literacy program models, are discussed and emphasized as a critical service to increase victims' economic self-efficacy, financial literacy, and financial behaviors...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195515/the-role-of-objectification-in-the-victimization-and-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence
#7
Melissa R Jonnson, Jennifer I Langille, Zach Walsh
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a substantial health concern and identifying risk factors for IPV is a research priority. We examined the relationship between severe IPV and objectification of the self and other sex across participant sex. A sample of 1,005 male and female university students completed a series of online questionnaires that measure levels of self-objectification, objectification of the other sex, and histories of severe IPV victimization and perpetration. Self-objectification was associated with severe psychological aggression, physical assault, and sexual coercion victimization in females, but not in males...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195514/college-students-perspectives-on-campus-health-centers-as-a-sexual-assault-resource-a-qualitative-analysis
#8
Valerie Halstead, Jessica R Williams, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda
Students' perspectives of student health centers as a resource for sexual violence were examined. A qualitative, descriptive research design was used. Data were collected from 37 female undergraduate students in March 2016. Four focus groups were conducted and analyzed using thematic analysis techniques. Three themes emerged: (a) supports and barriers to using student health centers for sexual violence; (b) student health centers' responsibility to educate students about sexual violence; and (c) student health centers' responsibility to use campus-wide, comprehensive sexual violence efforts...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195513/factors-related-to-co-offending-and-coerced-offending-among-female-sex-offenders-the-role-of-childhood-and-adult-trauma-histories
#9
Erin B Comartin, Amanda Burgess-Proctor, Sheryl Kubiak, Poco Kernsmith
Research suggests two important domains of women's sexual offending: co-offending, in which additional perpetrators are present with the woman during the crime, and coerced offending, in which the woman feels pressured by someone else to commit the crime. This exploratory analysis examines these 2 domains using self-report data from 60 incarcerated female sex offenders (FSOs) in a Midwestern state. In addition to indicating whether a cooffender was present and whether they felt pressure to commit the sex offense for which they were incarcerated, participants provided demographic information about themselves, the victim, and the offense, as well as about their own trauma, substance abuse, and mental illness histories...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021013/a-short-measure-of-social-reactions-to-sexual-assault-the-social-reactions-questionnaire-shortened
#10
Sarah E Ullman, Mark Relyea, Rannveig Sigurvinsdottir, Sidney Bennett
Social reactions to disclosures of sexual assault have significant effects on women's postassault recovery. However, being the most widely used measure of these reactions, the 48-item Social Reactions Questionnaire (SRQ; Ullman, 2000) is too long for some research and evaluation efforts. Thus, we developed a 16-item short version, the Social Reactions Questionnaire-Shortened (SRQ-S). Three preexisting college and community samples of women survivors (N = 1,012; 1,084; and 344) were used to determine which SRQ items were most related to psychological symptoms and could form reliable subscales...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021012/the-role-of-entitlement-self-control-and-risk-behaviors-on-dating-violence-perpetration
#11
Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz, Colleen M Ray, Leslie Gordon Simons
Dating violence continues to be pervasive among college students (Stappenbeck & Fromme, 2010). Given the paucity ofresearch investigating the various pathways through which risk factors are linked to dating violence among different college campuses, we use multiple group path analysis to examine the role of child abuse, self-control, entitlement, and risky behaviors on dating violence perpetration among college students from one Southeastern and one Midwestern university. There were 1,482 college students (51% female) enrolled in undergraduate courses at 2 large public universities who completed paper and pencil surveys...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021011/intimate-partner-violence-victimization-and-cognitive-function-in-a-mixed-sex-epidemiological-sample-of-urban-adults
#12
Megan R Williams, Christopher M Murphy, Gregory A Dore, Michele K Evans, Alan B Zonderman
Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization is associated with a wide range of mental and physical health problems, but little is known about the effect of IPV on cognitive decline. Previous research suggests an association between IPV victimization and cognitive dysfunction, but the few studies that have examined this phenomenon were cross-sectional in design and focused only on female victims of IPV. This study examined cognitive function over time among a diverse population of both male and female victims of IPV...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021010/exposure-to-community-violence-among-low-income-african-american-youth-in-chicago-a-latent-class-analysis
#13
Dexter R Voisin, Dong Ha Kim, Lynn Michalopoulos, Sadiq Patel
African American youth are exposed to some of the highest rates of exposure to community violence. However, few studieshave explored factors related to exposures and various subtypes of exposures to community violence (i.e., no exposure, witnessing only and being a witness/victim). Among a matched sample of 129 African American youth and their caregivers, no exposure to community violence was correlated with being heterosexual versus being a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) person, having parents who owned their homes versus rented, and having higher authoritarian parenting attitudes...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017642/random-acts-of-violence-examining-probabilistic-independence-of-the-temporal-distribution-of-mass-killing-events-in-the-united-states
#14
Douglas M King, Sheldon H Jacobson
Recent mass killings, such as those in Newtown, Connecticut, and Aurora, Colorado, have brought new attention to mass killings in the United States. This article examines 323 mass killings taking place between January 1, 2006, and October 4, 2016, to assess how they are distributed over time. In particular, we find that they appear to be uniformly distributed over time, which suggests that their rate has remained stable over the past decade. Moreover, analysis of subsets of these mass killings sharing a common trait (e...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017641/family-matters-examining-child-abuse-and-neglect-as-family-dysfunction-for-minority-youth-living-in-extreme-poverty
#15
Richard Spano, Michael A David, Sara R Jeffries, John M Bolland
Two competing models of child abuse and neglect (scapegoat vs. family dysfunction) are used to illustrate how the specification of victims ("index" victim vs. all children in household) from incidents of child abuse and neglect can be used to improve estimates of maltreatment for at-risk minority youth. Child Protection Services records were searched in 2005 for 366 "index" victims who were surveyed for 5 consecutive years (from 1998 to 2002) for the Mobile Youth Survey as well as other siblings in the household...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017640/investigating-the-risk-of-date-rape-by-auditory-status
#16
LaVerne McQuiller Williams, Judy L Porter, Jason D Scott, Tony R Smith, Taylor V Vogt
This exploratory study examines the impact of auditory status, gender, and prior sexual victimization on attitudes andbehaviors related to date rape among undergraduate college students (n = 3,352) at a private university in the northeast. An abbreviated version of the College Date Rape Attitude and Behavior Survey (Lanier & Elliot, 1997) and the Sexual Experiences Survey (Koss, Gidycz, & Wisniewski, 1987) were employed. Findings indicated that Deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) students were more likely to experience negative sexual experiences than hearing students...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017639/predicting-grief-reactions-one-year-following-a-mass-university-shooting-evaluating-dose-response-and-contextual-predictors
#17
Andrew J Smith, Christopher M Layne, Patrick Coyle, Julie B Kaplow, Melissa J Brymer, Robert S Pynoos, Russell T Jones
This study identifies risk factors for grief following a mass school shooting. Participants (N = 1,013) completed online questionnaires 3-4 months (Time 1) and 1 year (Time 2) post-shootings. We tested models predicting Time 2 grief reactions, exploring direct and indirect predictive effects of exposure variables (physical and social proximity) through hypothesized peritraumatic mediators (peritraumatic perceived threat to self or others) while controlling for Time 1 grief and posttraumatic stress (PTS) reactions, pretrauma vulnerabilities...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017638/the-difference-between-living-and-dying-victim-characteristics-and-motive-among-nonfatal-shootings-and-gun-homicides
#18
Natalie Kroovand Hipple, Lauren A Magee
Using both official and unofficial data sources, researchers examined nonfatal (n = 617) and fatal shooting (n = 159) victim characteristics over an 18-month period in Indianapolis. This research revealed that the typical shooting victim was male, non-White, almost 29 years old, had been arrested prior to inclusion in this study, and had been shot more than once. Interestingly, this research supports the notion that nonfatal shooting and homicide victims are different, especially as they relate to victim age, gunshot wound severity, and shooting motive...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017637/intimate-terrorism-and-situational-couple-violence-classification-variability-across-five-methods-to-distinguish-johnson-s-violent-relationship-types
#19
Jessica J Eckstein
Johnson's (1995, 2008) theory of violent relationship types represents an opportunity to resolve debates surrounding intimate partner violence (IPV) prevalence and to adapt policy and treatment options for victims accordingly. However, the use of quantitative methods to distinguish between situational couple violence (SCV) and intimate terrorism (IT) remains in its initial stages of discovery. This study included a 2-phase (N = 840; via targeted community and agency sampling) online survey design comparing the utility and grouping variability across 5 methods of IT/SCV classification: victimization-variables and coercive-control-variable hierarchical clustering, vignette-choice, cutoff scoring, and expert coding...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017636/psychometric-properties-of-the-lifetime-assessment-of-violent-acts
#20
Alan R King, Tiffany D Russell, Matthew D Bailly
The Lifetime Assessment of Violent Acts (LAVA) inventory provides estimates of the frequency, triggers, and consequences (including injuries to others) of historic acts of aggression. The LAVA also identifies the situational contexts in which prior violence was triggered and allows classifications based on past reactive, intimate partner, alcohol-related, and/or weapon-related violence. Normative and psychometric data were provided from a college (N = 1,133) and general population (N = 545) sample. Around 15% of the general population sample recalled inflicting 5 or more injuries on others at some time in the past...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
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