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Journal of Chiropractic Education

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In October 2018, the World Federation of Chiropractic and Association of Chiropractic Colleges Education Conference was held in London, England. This summary provides the titles of the presentations from the contributed presentations. The full set of abstracts for this meeting are published online at as an exclusively electronic publication that is part of volume 32, issue 2 (October 2018) of the Journal of Chiropractic Education.
August 21, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Neil Millar, Brian S Budgell
OBJECTIVE: Authors in the health sciences are encouraged to write in the active voice in the belief that this enhances comprehensibility. Hence, the purpose of this study was to compare objectively measured and subjectively perceived comprehensibility of texts in which one voice or the other was highly prevalent. METHODS: Objectively rated comprehensibility was obtained by presenting 161 2nd-year chiropractic students with questions pertaining to 2 methods sections of biomedical articles, each presented in its original form with high prevalence of the passive voice, and in a manipulated form with all main verbs in the active voice...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Bart N Green
Acknowledgments to the peer reviewers for the journal and those who have participated in contributing scholarly works pertaining to chiropractic education are presented in this editorial.
August 1, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Dean D'cruz, Matthew Clark, Alice Cade, Tanja Glucina, Katie Pritchard, Marina Fox
OBJECTIVE: To describe the chief complaints of people older than 65 years who seek chiropractic care at a chiropractic teaching clinic and assess the case mix available at the clinic. METHODS: One hundred patient files were included in this study. Patient files were included if the patient was older than 65 years when he or she initiated care at the teaching clinic. Data on age, sex, and chief complaints were recorded. RESULTS: Of the patients included in this study, 55% were female...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Stephney Whillier, Natalie Spence, Rosemary Giuriato
OBJECTIVE: We outline the framework of a collaborative process to redesign an existing 5-year health education program, which may prove useful to other similar institutions. The aim was to strengthen evidence-based practice and curriculum alignment. METHODS: A whole-of-program approach was used to restructure the existing courses into 3 "streams": professional practice, clinical research, and clinical science. The process incorporated a series of facilitated workshops organized by the department director of learning and teaching and the faculty facilitation team, and it was inclusive of all available members of the department, a clinic supervisor, a sessional (casual teaching) staff member, and a recent graduate of the program...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Suzanne D Lady, Leslie A K Takaki
OBJECTIVE: An important goal of chiropractic educational institutions is to ensure that all graduates reach an acceptable level of clinical competency and thus institutions are equipped to offer traceable remediation when skills fall below certain benchmarks. METHODS: Working with key individuals in the faculty, administration, and assessment department, a process of remediation was created and materials were produced that could be used by faculty and assessment staff to focus on a student's lack of knowledge, technique, or documentation in specific clinical skill areas...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Gena E Kadar, H Garrett Thompson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of obesity bias among preclinical and clinical chiropractic students and faculty at an integrative health care academic institution. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional quantitative, single-method survey with group comparison using the Beliefs About Obese Persons scale (BAOP) and the Attitudes Toward Obese Persons scale. Both instruments were administered as a single 28 question survey via email to 450 students and 46 faculty members in a doctor of chiropractic (DC) program...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Matthew F Funk
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has discussed various challenges to introducing an electronic health record (EHR) to first-time health professional students. Chiropractic interns face similar challenges. Interns' perceptions about learning and using an EHR were assessed. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey was sent to interns of our outpatient chiropractic clinic requesting their relative agreement or disagreement to statements in nine domains. Since perceptions of EHR have been shown to change with increased time spent using an EHR, the survey also sought to compare more experienced users (8th semester) to novices (7th semester)...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Stephanie G B Sullivan, Kathryn T Hoiriis, Lucia Paolucci
OBJECTIVE: We describe a change in teaching method from extended face-to-face instruction to a blended classroom environment in a research methods course and compare student scores following a change in assessment from mid-term examination to weekly quizzes. METHODS: The course traditionally had been taught using a weekly 2-hour lecture for each academic term. A change in teaching methods was designed to include 20 minutes of lecture followed by 30 minutes of topic-specific in-class group discussions...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Kara D Burnham, James Mascenik
OBJECTIVE: Student satisfaction and student performance are of primary concern when classroom pedagogy is changed. We determine the equivalence of two teaching methodologies in a clinical microbiology course using test scores as the measure of student performance. METHODS: The two teaching methodologies examined were a traditional lecture-based method face-to-face (F2F) method and an inverted classroom method (ICM). Student perceptions of the ICM method were measured using a course survey in which students were asked to compare their experiences in the ICM class with experiences in a traditional F2F class...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Salman Afsharpour, Abigail Gonsalves, Ronald Hosek, Eric Partin
OBJECTIVE: To compare student performance following a change in laboratory teaching methodology from cadavers to models to virtual dissection table in a musculoskeletal gross anatomy course in a doctor of chiropractic program. METHODS: Three marking periods of laboratory and lecture examination scores from 3 consecutive academic calendar years were evaluated and compared using simple analysis as well as analysis of variance and post hoc t tests. The 1st cohort of students ( n = 352) utilized cadavers...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Logan S Bale, Sean O Herrin, Natasha M Brandt, Naomi M Enos
OBJECTIVE: Muscle variants are common findings in dissection laboratories. These anomalous structures can be relevant in the diagnosis and management of certain conditions and therefore could be incorporated into anatomy curricula at chiropractic colleges. We aimed to create an online resource of muscle variants to facilitate student self-directed learning within this area of study. METHODS: At the time of their discovery during routine educational dissection, muscle variants included in the catalog were documented and subsequent case reports written...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Paul W Wanlass, David M Sikorski, Anupama Kizhakkeveettil, Gene S Tobias
OBJECTIVE: To assess students' opinions of the potential influence of taking elective courses in chiropractic techniques and their future practice preferences. METHODS: An anonymous, voluntary survey was conducted among graduating students from a doctor of chiropractic program. The survey included questions regarding the chiropractic technique elective courses they had completed and the potential influence of these courses on their chiropractic technique choices in future practice...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Katie E de Luca, Jordan A Gliedt, Matthew Fernandez, Greg Kawchuk, Michael S Swain
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Australian and New Zealand chiropractic students' opinions regarding the identity, role setting, and future of chiropractic practice. METHODS: An online, cross-sectional survey was administered to chiropractic students in all chiropractic programs in Australia and New Zealand. The survey explored student viewpoints about the identity, role/scope, setting, and future of chiropractic practice as it relates to chiropractic education and health promotion...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Alice Cade, Matthew Sherson, Kelly Holt, Graham Dobson, Katie Pritchard BSc, Heidi Haavik
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine if a written or visual teaching aid influenced learning retention when teaching a manual motor skill. METHODS: Seventy chiropractic students who had completed an upper cervical specific chiropractic technique course were evaluated for technique-specific recall before and after a review using either a visual teaching aid or a written guide. Two randomized groups reviewed original course-written guides ( n = 33) or new visual teaching aids ( n = 37)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Barbara A Mansholt, Stacie A Salsbury, Lance G Corber, John S Stites
OBJECTIVE: Scientific literature applicable to chiropractic practice proliferates in quantity, quality, and source. Chiropractic is a worldwide profession and varies in scope between states or provinces and from country to country. It is logical to consider that the focus and emphasis of chiropractic education varies between programs as well. This original research study endeavored to determine "essential literature" recommended by chiropractic faculty. The purpose of this article is (1) to share our results and (2) to promote discussion and explore means for future collaboration of chiropractic faculty through a worldwide platform...
October 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Michael J Tunning, Dustin C Derby, Kelly A Krell-Mares, Michelle R Barber
OBJECTIVE: Professional demands have led to health-care educator specialization in research or patient care. The academy movement is an avenue that attempts to return prestige and importance to improved instruction. The authors performed a needs analysis of selected faculty at 3 chiropractic colleges to assess the need for, and willingness to participate in, an academy of educators program. METHODS: An expert-developed, pretested survey was deployed using SurveyMonkey...
October 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Stephney Whillier, Kent Au, Louie Feng, Helen Su
OBJECTIVE: The shift toward evidence-based health care has reoriented tertiary clinical education in a way that necessitates and incorporates research. This study assesses the inclination and suitability of chiropractic students for research over a 5-year educational program. METHODS: Research attributes of chiropractic students were assessed in this cross-sectional study using a validated and modified academic self-concept analysis scale. Students in first and final year were assessed in 4 domains: creativity, motivation, self-regulation, and general intellectual ability...
October 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Kathleen L Linaker, Sarah A Arpin, Charles P Fischer, Michael Sackett, Lesley Georger
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study tested a survey instrument pertaining to the instruction and assessment of tumor imaging in chiropractic training programs. The secondary purpose was to gather data regarding credentials of lead instructors, textbook and resource use, and tumors taught and assessed. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to lead tumor imaging instructors at all chiropractic colleges in the United States and Canada. A focus group of tumor imaging instructors was conducted to clarify ambiguous data...
October 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Martin Frutiger, Peter Jeffery Tuchin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide a best-synthesis summary of the literature for effective workplace health promotion interventions (WHPI) for work-related mechanical neck pain (MNP) and to determine the congruence between knowledge of WHPI for work-related MNP and coverage of MNP in the chiropractic postgraduate program at Macquarie University. METHODS: A literature review was undertaken to determine effective WHPI for work-related MNP. We searched Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro (from 1991 to 2016) for systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
October 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
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