journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AIDS Care

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335616/predictors-of-cd4-health-and-viral-suppression-outcomes-for-formerly-homeless-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-scattered-site-supportive-housing
#1
Elizabeth A Bowen, James Canfield, Suzanne Moore, Midge Hines, Brent Hartke, Chrissy Rademacher
Stable housing is key to improving health outcomes for people living with HIV/AIDS. Though many formerly homeless HIV positive individuals reside in supportive housing, little research has examined biometric HIV health outcomes for residents of these programs. Through a community-based research partnership, this study analyzed secondary data from a Shelter Plus Care supportive housing program in Cincinnati, Ohio to examine the likelihood of participants achieving a healthy CD4 count (>500 cells/mm(3)) and viral suppression (viral load <200 copies/mL) while in supportive housing and to identify participant characteristics associated with these outcomes...
March 23, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325077/effective-interventions-to-improve-young-adults-linkage-to-hiv-care-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#2
Bertille Octavie Mavegam, Jennifer R Pharr, Patricia Cruz, Echezona E Ezeanolue
HIV/AIDS remains a major public health problem despite the efforts to prevent and decrease its spread. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) represents 70% of the global number of people living with HIV and 73% of all HIV/AIDS-related deaths. Young adults age 15-24 years are disproportionately impacted by HIV/AIDS in SSA with 34% of people living with HIV (PLWHIV) and 37% of newly diagnosed individuals being in this age group. It is important that PLWHIV be linked to care to facilitate antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation and limit the spread of infection...
March 22, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325068/the-relationship-between-health-worker-stigma-and-uptake-of-hiv-counseling-and-testing-and-utilization-of-non-hiv-health-services-the-experience-of-male-and-female-sex-workers-in-kenya
#3
Laura Nyblade, Aditi Reddy, David Mbote, John Kraemer, Melissa Stockton, Caroline Kemunto, Karol Krotki, Javier Morla, Stella Njuguna, Arin Dutta, Catherine Barker
The barrier HIV-stigma presents to the HIV treatment cascade is increasingly documented; however less is known about female and male sex worker engagement in and the influence of sex-work stigma on the HIV care continuum. While stigma occurs in all spheres of life, stigma within health services may be particularly detrimental to health seeking behaviors. Therefore, we present levels of sex-work stigma from healthcare workers (HCW) among male and female sex workers in Kenya, and explore the relationship between sex-work stigma and HIV counseling and testing...
March 22, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292203/simple-screening-for-neurocognitive-impairment-in-routine-hiv-outpatient-care-is-it-deliverable
#4
Sarah Parry, Sarah Zetler, Anna Kentridge, Jenny Petrak, Tristan Barber
Routine screening for psychological and cognitive difficulties is recommended in BHIVA guidelines but screening questions are not specified and studies give varied recommendations. Our aim was to see if simple screening in the routine clinic could help better direct our referrals to psychology and highlight those patients requiring, and likely to benefit from, further assessment. We introduced brief questions to assess neurocognitive impairment (NCI) and mood into routine HIV visits, with an onward referral pathway for further investigation for those screening positive...
March 14, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286983/stigma-medical-mistrust-and-perceived-racism-may-affect-prep-awareness-and-uptake-in-black-compared-to-white-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-jackson-mississippi-and-boston-massachusetts
#5
Sean Cahill, S Wade Taylor, Steven A Elsesser, Leandro Mena, DeMarc Hickson, Kenneth H Mayer
Gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) account for more than two thirds of new HIV infections in the U.S., with Black MSM experiencing the greatest burden. Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can reduce MSM's vulnerability to HIV infection. Uptake of PrEP has been limited, particularly among racial and ethnic minority MSM. Four semi-structured focus groups with gay and bisexual men and other MSM at risk for HIV infection were convened in Boston and Jackson in late 2013. The analysis plan utilized a within-case, across-case approach to code and analyze emerging themes, and to compare results across the two cities...
March 12, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286972/-they-said-be-careful-sexual-health-communication-sources-and-messages-for-adolescent-girls-living-with-perintally-acquired-hiv-infection
#6
Stephanie L Marhefka, Shana M Green, Vinita Sharma, Claude A Mellins
Due to advances in highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART), children "who perinatally acquired HIV infection" (PHIV+) in the United States have been reaching adolescence and adulthood in large numbers. As youth PHIV + become sexually active it is important to understand their sources of sexual health information and the messages communicated by those sources to safeguard their sexual health and that of their partners. This paper explores sexual health communication for adolescent girls PHIV + in comparison to adolescent girls who were exposed but did not acquire HIV perinatally (PHIV-) to understand how HIV infection influences the sexual health communication needs of the former...
March 12, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281354/integrated-opioid-substitution-therapy-and-hiv-care-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-client-and-provider-experiences
#7
Andy Guise, Maureen Seguin, Gitau Mburu, Susie McLean, Pippa Grenfell, Zahed Islam, Sergii Filippovych, Happy Assan, Andrea Low, Peter Vickerman, Tim Rhodes
People who use drugs in many contexts have limited access to opioid substitution therapy and HIV care. Service integration is one strategy identified to support increased access. We reviewed and synthesized literature exploring client and provider experiences of integrated opioid substitution therapy and HIV care to identify acceptable approaches to care delivery. We systematically reviewed qualitative literature. We searched nine bibliographic databases, supplemented by manual searches of reference lists of articles from the database search, relevant journals, conferences, key organizations and consultation with experts...
March 10, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276252/spousal-role-and-caregiver-burden-in-hiv-affected-families-in-anhui-province-china
#8
Julie Hsieh, Li Li, Chunqing Lin, Sitong Luo, Guoping Ji
This study examined the burden experienced by various roles of family caregivers of people living with HIV (PLH), in particular spouses vs. non-spouses. A total of 475 family members of PLH were recruited from Anhui Province, China. Participants responded to a survey using the Computer Assisted Personal Interview method. The assessment collected data on demographic characteristics and their perceived caregiver burden, which was compared between spouses and non-spouses. Multiple regression models were built to identify factors associated with caregiver burden...
March 9, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271718/acceptability-of-microbicidal-vaginal-rings-and-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-among-female-sex-workers-in-a-high-prevalence-us-city
#9
Sarah M Peitzmeier, Catherine Tomko, Erin Wingo, Anne Sawyer, Susan G Sherman, Nancy Glass, Chris Beyrer, Michele R Decker
Biomedical HIV prevention tools including oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and vaginal microbicidal rings hold unique value for high-risk women who may have limited capacity for condom negotiation, including the key populations of sex workers and drug users. Commercial sex is a PrEP indicator in CDC guidelines, yet little is known about female sex workers' (FSWs) knowledge of and attitudes toward PrEP or the recently developed monthly vaginal microbicide rings. We describe knowledge and attitudes toward PrEP and microbicide rings in a sample of 60 mostly drug-using FSWs in Baltimore, Maryland, a high HIV-prevalence US city...
March 8, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271717/low-sustainability-poor-governance-and-other-challenges-encountered-by-grassroots-non-governmental-organizations-targeting-hiv-prevention-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-nation-wide-study
#10
Joseph T F Lau, Zixin Wang, Yoona Kim, Jinghua Li, Jing Gu, Phoenix K H Mo, Xiaodong Wang
Grassroots non-governmental organizations (NGOs) played pivotal roles in HIV prevention among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. Their governance and sustainability issues were under-studied. This nation-wide study surveyed leaders of 202 of the HIV related NGOs in China.58.4% of the leaders believed that their NGO would last for ≤5 years; which was negatively associated with perceived good relationship with CDC. 65.3% mentioned ≥3 non-sustainability issues; associated factors included perceived inadequacies in prevention skills, management skills, policy support, technical support, operational support, and CDC's support; a reverse association was found for frequent collaboration with organizations in China...
March 8, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266223/a-multi-level-modeling-approach-examining-ptsd-symptom-reduction-during-prolonged-exposure-therapy-moderating-effects-of-number-of-trauma-types-experienced-having-an-hiv-related-index-trauma-and-years-since-hiv-diagnosis-among-hiv-positive-adults
#11
Angela G Junglen, Brian C Smith, Jennifer A Coleman, Maria L Pacella, Jessica M Boarts, Tracy Jones, Norah C Feeny, Jeffrey A Ciesla, Douglas L Delahanty
People living with HIV (PLWH) have extensive interpersonal trauma histories and higher rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than the general population. Prolonged exposure (PE) therapy is efficacious in reducing PTSD across a variety of trauma samples; however, research has not examined factors that influence how PTSD symptoms change during PE for PLWH. Using multi-level modeling, we examined the potential moderating effect of number of previous trauma types experienced, whether the index trauma was HIV-related or not, and years since HIV diagnosis on PTSD symptom reduction during a 10-session PE protocol in a sample of 51 PLWH...
March 7, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278563/development-assessment-of-hiv-exposed-children-aged-6-18-months-a-cohort-study-from-north-india
#12
Remya Rajan, Anju Seth, Sharmila B Mukherjee, Jagdish Chandra
HIV exposed children are vulnerable to developmental delay irrespective of their HIV status due to combined effect of risk factors like poverty, prenatal drug exposure, stress and chronic illness in family and malnutrition. This cohort study assessed the development of 50 HIV exposed children aged 6-18 months at a Pediatric Centre of Excellence in HIV care in India. The development was assessed using Development Assessment Scale for Indian Infants (DASII) at enrolment, 3 and 6 months later. The development quotient (DQ) scores and proportion of children with developmental delay (DQ ≤ 70) were compared among two sub-groups, HIV infected (HI) and HIV exposed uninfected (HEU) children...
March 5, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278562/depression-partially-mediated-the-relationship-between-basic-psychological-needs-and-quality-of-life-among-people-living-with-hiv
#13
Zahraa Majeed, Edwin van Wijngaarden, James G Dolan, Krupa N Shah
Few studies have examined the relationship between basic psychological needs (BPN), depression and quality of life (QOL) in people living with HIV (PLWH). This cross-sectional study (N = 65; 37% females, 37% Caucasian, mean age = 55 ± 6 years, mean CD4 count = 668 ± 368 cells/mm(3), average duration of HIV = 18 ± 4 years) found that BPN frustration was related with lower QOL. The strength of this relationship was reduced after controlling for depression. This suggests that depression partially mediated the relationship between BPN and QOL...
March 5, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278564/multilevel-influences-on-acceptance-of-medical-male-circumcision-in-rakai-district-uganda
#14
Pamela S Lilleston, Arik V Marcell, Neema Nakyanjo, Lori Leonard, Maria J Wawer
Despite access to safe medical male circumcision (MMC) and proven effectiveness of the procedure in reducing acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, uptake remains suboptimal in many settings in sub-Saharan Africa, including Rakai District, Uganda. This study explored multilevel barriers and facilitators to MMC in focus group discussions (FGDs) (n = 35 groups) in Rakai. Focus groups were conducted from May through July 2012 with adolescent and adult males, with a range of HIV risk and reproductive health service use profiles, and with adolescent and adult females...
March 1, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278565/a-genetic-marker-of-risk-in-hiv-infected-individuals-with-a-history-of-hazardous-drinking
#15
David H Barker, Nicole R Nugent, Jeanne R Delgado, Valerie S Knopik, Larry K Brown, Michelle A Lally, John E McGeary
Impulsivity and sensation seeking have been linked to hazardous drinking, increased sexual risk behaviors, and lower treatment adherence among persons living with HIV (PLH). The dopamine active transporter1 (DAT1or SLC6A3) gene has been linked to impulsivity and sensation seeking in several populations but has not been investigated among populations of PLH. This study used data from 201 PLH who report a recent history of heavy episodic drinking. Results indicate that DAT1*10R vs DAT1*9R genotype was related to higher propensity for risk taking (standardized difference score (d) = 0...
February 21, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278566/posttraumatic-growth-inventory-factor-structure-in-spanish-speaking-people-living-with-hiv
#16
Helena Garrido-Hernansaiz, Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Jesús Alonso-Tapia
This cross-sectional study analyzed the factorial structure of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) in a sample of 304 Spanish-speaking HIV-positive adults. Participants completed the PTGI and a socio-demographic questionnaire. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was carried out through structural equations modeling, with a Varimax rotation. Factors with eigenvalues greater than 1 were extracted, and items with loadings higher than .5 on a factor and lower than .4 on the rest were retained. Two confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were performed to test a hierarchical model and a bifactor model...
February 14, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278570/population-movements-and-the-hiv-cascade-in-recently-diagnosed-patients-at-the-french-guiana-suriname-border
#17
Raphael Jaries, Vincent Vantilcke, Philippe Clevenbergh, Jocelyne Adoissi, Rachida Boukhari, Caroline Misslin, Mathieu Nacher, Stephen Vreden, Anne Jolivet
Border areas are particular "hot spots" generating high levels of HIV vulnerability and facing great challenges to control epidemics. The objective of this study is to describe the sociodemographic, clinical and biological profiles of newly HIV diagnosed people at the French Guiana - Suriname border, to construct an HIV care cascade and compare it with the Surinamese one. HIV-patients aged over 15 years newly diagnosed in western French Guiana in 2011 and 2012 were included in a retrospective cohort study. Patients were identified using different sources (n = 121)...
February 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278569/caring-for-youth-living-with-hiv-across-the-continuum-turning-gaps-into-opportunities
#18
David C Griffith, Allison L Agwu
With the increasing proportion of youth living with human immunodeficiency virus (YLHIV) and the aging of the perinatally infected population, there is a need for clinical services that are "youth friendly" to address the multiple challenges YLHIV face in terms of engagement in care and maintenance of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Little is known about how and where YLHIV receive their care. Further, the impact of the care structure on engagement and retention outcomes for YLHIV is ill defined...
February 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278568/phosphatidylethanol-confirmed-alcohol-use-among-art-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-persons-who-denied-consumption-in-rural-uganda
#19
Winnie R Muyindike, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Robin Fatch, Nneka I Emenyonu, Julian Adong, Christine Ngabirano, Debbie M Cheng, Michael R Winter, Jeffrey H Samet, Judith A Hahn
Under-reporting of alcohol use by HIV-infected patients could adversely impact clinical care. This study examined factors associated with under-reporting of alcohol consumption by patients who denied alcohol use in clinical and research settings using an alcohol biomarker. We enrolled ART-naïve, HIV-infected adults at Mbarara Hospital HIV clinic in Uganda. We conducted baseline interviews on alcohol use, demographics, Spirituality and Religiosity Index (SRI), health and functional status; and tested for breath alcohol content and collected blood for phosphatidylethanol (PEth), a sensitive and specific biomarker of alcohol use...
February 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278567/screening-for-depression-among-youth-with-hiv-in-an-integrated-care-setting
#20
Audra St John Walsh, Katherine L Wesley, Sim Yin Tan, Courtney Lynn, Kimberly O'Leary, Yan Wang, Diep Nguyen, Tiffany Chenneville, Carina A Rodriguez
Youth living with HIV (YLWH) are at risk for depression. Depressive symptoms can impact treatment engagement, health outcomes, and quality of life. Early identification of symptoms can guide treatment planning. This study aimed to identify trends in depressive symptoms for YLWH in a specialty-care clinic and follow-up clinical treatment procedures. An archival review of a clinical database provided depression screening information for a sample of 130 YLWH between 11 and 25 years old in the southeastern United States...
February 13, 2017: AIDS Care
journal
journal
30263
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"