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Psychological Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301196/investigation-of-factor-structure-and-measurement-invariance-by-gender-for-the-behavioral-and-emotional-screening-system-among-high-school-students
#1
Jihye Kim, Randy W Kamphaus
The Behavioral and Emotional Screening System (BESS; Kamphaus & Reynolds, 2007) is used by U.S. schools to screen students for behavioral and emotional risks. The BESS comprises a student form, a teacher form, and a parent form. We explored the factor structure of the BESS Student Form among high school students and evaluated measurement invariance by gender using multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis. The results suggested that the BESS Student Form has a 5-factor structure and holds to partial invariance by gender...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301195/mode-of-administration-effects-in-psychopathology-assessment-analyses-of-gender-age-and-education-differences-in-self-rated-versus-interview-based-depression
#2
Holly F Levin-Aspenson, David Watson
Respondents may answer sensitive questions differently depending on the mode of assessment (e.g., questionnaire, interview). The possibility of differences in these mode effects across groups is an important assessment consideration given the implications for test-score validity and bias. Although differences in mode effects are highly relevant to issues in clinical assessment, research is limited and generally fails to make use of psychometrically sound methods. The present research argues for greater attention to demographic differences in mode effects with regard to the assessment of psychopathology...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301194/risk-sophistication-treatment-inventory-self-report-rsti-sr-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-exploration-of-factor-relations
#3
Xinying Ang, Randall T Salekin, Martin Sellbom, C Adam Coffey
The RSTI-SR was recently designed to facilitate juvenile evaluations by tapping 3 pertinent juvenile psycho-legal variables including risk, developmental maturity, and treatment amenability. The present study examined the factor structure and construct validity of the RSTI-SR with 190 adolescent offenders (Mage = 15.6) who completed the RSTI-SR and a short battery of theoretically relevant psychological measures. The findings from the current study demonstrated that the proposed 3-factor model for the RSTI produced good fit to the data...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301193/an-illustration-of-the-effects-of-fluctuations-in-test-information-on-measurement-error-the-attenuation-of-effect-sizes-and-diagnostic-reliability
#4
Brian P O'Connor
Measurement precision often fluctuates across latent trait continuums. Plots of test information are typically provided in item response theory (IRT) investigations, but the numerical values for test information are not readily interpretable. This article draws attention to the important, nonlinear relationships between test information, location-specific standard errors of measurement, and location-specific reliability. It provides a method for examining the attenuation in effect sizes (correlations) that is caused by fluctuating levels of measurement error...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301192/item-ordering-and-computerized-classification-tests-with-cluster-based-scoring-an-investigation-of-the-countdown-method
#5
Matthew D Finkelman, Sarah R Lowe, Wonsuk Kim, Oliver Gruebner, Niels Smits, Sandro Galea
The countdown method is a well-known approach to reducing the average length of screening instruments that are presented by computer. In the countdown method, testing is terminated once the result of the screener ("positive" or "negative") has been unambiguously determined from prior answers. Previous research has examined whether presenting dichotomously scored items in order from "least to most frequently endorsed" or "most to least frequently endorsed" is more efficient when the countdown method is used...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301191/assessing-future-care-preparation-in-late-life-two-short-measures
#6
Silvia Sörensen, Benjamin P Chapman, Paul R Duberstein, Martin Pinquart, Jeffrey M Lyness
The purpose of this article is to introduce 2 short forms of the previously published measure of preparation for future care (PFC). Community-dwelling older adults ages 65-94 who had completed the 29-item Preparation for Future Care Needs scale were randomly divided into scale development (n = 697) and scale validation (n = 690) samples. Fifteen items were selected using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses on the scale development and scale validation samples, respectively. Consistent with PFC theory, the 5 subscales of the original long-form measure (Awareness, Gathering Information, Decision Making, Concrete Planning, Avoidance of Care Planning) were maintained...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277694/what-item-response-theory-can-tell-us-about-the-complex-span-tasks
#7
Christopher Draheim, Tyler L Harrison, Susan E Embretson, Randall W Engle
Working memory capacity is an important construct in psychology because of its relationship with many higher-order cognitive abilities and psychopathologies. Working memory capacity is often measured using a type of paradigm known as complex span. Some recent work has focused on shortening the administration time of the complex span tasks, resulting in different versions of these tasks being used (Foster et al., 2015; Oswald, McAbee, Redick, & Hambrick, 2015). Variations in the complex span tasks, such as the number of set sizes, can lead to varying power to discriminate individuals at different ability levels...
March 9, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277693/measures-of-body-image-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-association-with-disordered-eating
#8
Mia L Pellizzer, Marika Tiggemann, Glenn Waller, Tracey D Wade
The current study aimed to examine the factor structure, reliability, and validity of 3 measures of body image disturbance (body image flexibility, body avoidance, and body checking) considered to be relevant to eating disorder psychopathology, with the aim of determining the optimal structure of each for use in treatment planning and outcome monitoring. Additionally, the study aimed to identify which factors had the strongest association with disordered eating. Participants were 328 female undergraduate university students aged 17-25 years...
March 9, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263643/the-multidimensional-personality-questionnaire-s-inconsistency-scales-identify-invalid-profiles-through-internal-statistics-and-external-correlates
#9
Stephen D Benning, Andrew J Freeman
Inconsistency scales represent a promising method for separating valid and invalid personality profiles. In a sample of 1,258 participants in the waiting room of the emergency department of an urban university hospital, we examined whether data from participants with profiles flagged as invalid (n = 132) using the Variable Response Inconsistency (VRIN) or True Response Inconsistency (TRIN) scales of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire's brief form (MPQ-BF) differed from those that did not exceed any validity cutoffs (n = 1,026)...
March 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263642/observer-youth-and-therapist-perspectives-on-the-alliance-in-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-youth-anxiety
#10
Bryce D McLeod, Michael A Southam-Gerow, Philip C Kendall
This study examined the score reliability and validity of observer- (Therapy Process Observational Coding System for Child Psychotherapy-Alliance scale [TPOCS-A]; Vanderbilt Therapeutic Alliance Scale Revised, Short Form [VTAS-R-SF]), therapist- (Therapeutic Alliance Scale for Children Therapist Version [TASC-T]), and youth-rated (Therapeutic Alliance Scale for Children Child Version [TASC-C]) alliance instruments. Youths (N = 50) aged 7-15 (Mage = 10.28 years, SD = 1.84; 88.0% Caucasian; 60.0% male) diagnosed with a principal anxiety disorder received manual-based cognitive-behavioral treatment...
March 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263641/factor-analytic-replication-and-model-comparison-of-the-basc-2-behavioral-and-emotional-screening-system
#11
Joni Williams Splett, Anthony Raborn, Kathleen Lynne Lane, Alexandra J Binney, Sandra M Chafouleas
We conducted this study to add to literature of previous conflicting factorial examinations of the BASC-2 Behavioral and Emotional Screening System (BESS), Teacher Form-Child/Adolescent. Data were collected by an urban school district in the southeastern United States including 2,228 students rated by 120 teachers in Fall 2014 and 1,955 students rated by 104 teachers in Spring 2015. In both samples, we replicated and then conceptually and statistically compared factor models to examine the (a) 4-factor structure from which the BESS Teacher Form was developed, and (b) existence of a general factor currently being used...
March 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263640/the-psychological-importance-of-collective-assembly-development-and-validation-of-the-tendency-for-effervescent-assembly-measure-team
#12
Shira Gabriel, Jennifer Valenti, Kristin Naragon-Gainey, Ariana F Young
Although previous research suggests that connection to large, mostly anonymous groups is important for the fulfillment of psychological needs and a sense of psychological well-being, no measure exists to assess individual differences in this area. In 5 studies, we developed and provided support for the validity of the Tendency for Effervescent Assembly Measure (TEAM). Utilizing data from student and community samples, we conducted exploratory factor analyses to guide item selection for the scale (Study 1), evaluated the structure of the scale in an independent sample (Study 2), examined the convergent, discriminant, and incremental validity of the scale (Study 3), and assessed measurement invariance of the scale across different demographic groups (Study 4)...
March 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252976/trial-1-versus-trial-2-of-the-test-of-memory-malingering-evaluating-accuracy-without-a-gold-standard
#13
Douglas Mossman, Dustin B Wygant, Roger O Gervais, Kathleen J Hart
This study examines the accuracy of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM), a frequently administered measure for evaluating effort during neurocognitive testing. In the last few years, several authors have suggested that the initial recognition trial of the TOMM (Trial 1) might be a more useful index for detecting feigned or exaggerated impairment than Trial 2, which is the source for inference recommended by the original instruction manual (Tombaugh, 1996). We used latent class modeling (LCM) implemented in a Bayesian framework to evaluate archival Trial 1 and Trial 2 data collected from 1,198 adults who had undergone outpatient forensic evaluations...
March 2, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252975/psychometric-validation-of-the-anticipated-effects-of-alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drinks-scale
#14
Melissa M Norberg, Amie R Newins, Llewellyn Mills, Lindsay S Ham
Young people are increasingly consuming alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmEDs). As coingestion of these beverages results in greater adverse consequences than from drinking alcohol alone, we need to understand what factors contribute to and deter coingestion. Existing studies in this area have not utilized a theoretically based or empirically validated measure of outcome expectancies for drinking AmEDs. Our study modified Morean, Corbin, and Treat's (2012) Anticipated Effects of Alcohol Scale to assess the expected effects of drinking AmEDs...
March 2, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252974/validation-of-the-narcissistic-admiration-and-rivalry-questionnaire-short-scale-narq-s-in-convenience-and-representative-samples
#15
Marius Leckelt, Eunike Wetzel, Tanja M Gerlach, Robert A Ackerman, Joshua D Miller, William J Chopik, Lars Penke, Katharina Geukes, Albrecht C P Küfner, Roos Hutteman, David Richter, Karl-Heinz Renner, Marc Allroggen, Courtney Brecheen, W Keith Campbell, Igor Grossmann, Mitja D Back
Due to increased empirical interest in narcissism across the social sciences, there is a need for inventories that can be administered quickly while also reliably measuring both the agentic and antagonistic aspects of grandiose narcissism. In this study, we sought to validate the factor structure, provide representative descriptive data and reliability estimates, assess the reliability across the trait spectrum, and examine the nomological network of the short version of the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ-S; Back et al...
March 2, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240933/development-and-initial-evaluation-of-a-self-report-form-of-the-dsm-5-level-of-personality-functioning-scale
#16
Leslie C Morey
The DSM-5 presents an Alternative Model for Personality Disorder (AMPD) recommending the assessment of impairments in core personality functions as well as clinically relevant personality traits. Although a self-report assessment instrument has been provided corresponding to the trait model proposed in the AMPD, no comparable instrument provides a direct assessment of the specific indicators of core personality functions described in that model. The goal of this paper is to provide preliminary reliability and validity data for a measure that directly corresponds to core personality pathology as operationalized in the AMPD...
February 27, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230410/a-self-report-measure-for-the-icd-11-dimensional-trait-model-proposal-the-personality-inventory-for-icd-11
#17
Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger
Proposed for the 11th edition of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is a dimensional trait model for the classification of personality disorder (Tyrer, Reed, & Crawford, 2015). The ICD-11 proposal consists of 5 broad domains: negative affective, detachment, dissocial, disinhibition, and anankastic (Mulder, Horwood, Tyrer, Carter, & Joyce, 2016). Several field trials have examined this proposal, yet none has included a direct measure of the trait model. The purpose of the current study was to develop and provide initial validation for the Personality Inventory for ICD-11 (PiCD), a self-report measure of this proposed 5-domain maladaptive trait model...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230409/using-the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-to-assess-depression-in-women-with-hiv-and-women-at-risk-for-hiv-are-somatic-items-invariant
#18
Leah M Adams, Tracey E Wilson, Daniel Merenstein, Joel Milam, Jennifer Cohen, Elizabeth T Golub, Adebola Adedimeji, Judith A Cook
The prevalence of depression among women living with HIV/AIDS is elevated, compared with women in the general population and men diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. Although symptoms of HIV may overlap with somatic symptoms of depression, little research has explored how well screening tools accurately assess depression rather than symptoms of HIV/AIDS among women. The present study examined the utility of a widely used tool for assessing depression symptoms among women living with HIV/AIDS. Data are from the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS), a multisite, longitudinal cohort study of women living with HIV/AIDS (n = 1,329) and seronegative women (n = 541) matched on key risk factors for HIV/AIDS...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230408/psychometric-properties-of-adolescent-time-inventory-time-attitude-ati-ta-scores-in-three-waves-of-longitudinal-data
#19
Frank C Worrell, Michael T McKay, James R Andretta
Within the broad area of time perspective, there are numerous narrower or more specific constructs. One of these, time attitudes, is said to refer to an individual's emotional and evaluative feelings toward the past, the present, and the future. Scores on the Adolescent Time Inventory-Time Attitudes Scale (ATI-TA) have been shown to be psychometrically sound in a range of cross-sectional studies in different cultural contexts. The present study is the first longitudinal (3 waves) examination of these scores...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230407/explaining-discrepancies-in-assessment-protocols-trait-relevance-and-functional-equivalence
#20
Hedwig Teglasi, Jessica Ritzau, Catherine Sanders, Margaret J Kim, Arianna Scott
Inconsistencies among independent sources of information about psychological constructs are widely documented, but not adequately explained. Measurement error as the primary explanation, though historically popular, is no longer tenable. Yet, even as assessors acknowledge that various measures of the same construct are not necessarily interchangeable, there are no agreed upon frameworks to discern the unique contribution of each measure in multiinformant and multimethod assessment protocols. In this study, we focus on the relevance of the target trait in its measured contexts and on the functional equivalence of the trait across its measures (similar self-regulatory requirements for trait expression) as driving relations between scores...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
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