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Psychological Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206783/initial-validation-of-the-self-directed-violence-picture-system-sdvps
#1
Sarra Nazem, Jeri E Forster, Lisa A Brenner
A better understanding of factors that differentiate those who only experience suicidal ideation from those who engage in self-directed violence (SDV) is critical for suicide prevention efforts (Klonsky & May, 2014; May & Klonsky, 2016). To identify who is at greatest risk for death by suicide, it is imperative that new innovative assessment tools be created to facilitate behavioral measurement of key constructs associated with increased risk for SDV. The aim of the current study was to develop and validate a set of suicide-specific images, called the Self-Directed Violence Picture System (SDVPS), to help meet this need...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165271/examination-of-the-feasibility-and-utility-of-flexible-and-conditional-administration-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form
#2
Anthony M Tarescavage, Yossef S Ben-Porath
Over the past several decades, use of broadband personality assessments has decreased, with some clinicians favoring shorter, symptom-focused measures with a shorter administration time. The purpose of this study is to describe, derive rules for, and evaluate a flexible and conditional administration of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF). In this approach, elevated scores on higher level scales are used to trigger administration of lower-level scales within the same assessment domain to minimize administration time...
February 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165270/manual-versus-saccadic-assessment-of-cognitive-inhibition-and-switching-in-young-and-older-adults
#3
Christopher H R Brett, Liana Machado
Inhibition and switching deficits occur with healthy aging and many clinical conditions, compromising performance of daily tasks and thus quality of life. To assess deficits, saccade tasks have often been used, but they require access to expensive eye-tracking equipment and trained personnel. Moreover, with respect to switching, the aging literature suggests that easy-to-administer manual tasks may be more sensitive to deficits than saccade tasks. Here we directly compared the 2 response modalities for assessing inhibition and switching abilities and characterized changes associated with healthy aging...
February 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125249/testing-measurement-invariance-of-the-depression-anxiety-and-stress-scales-dass-21-across-four-countries
#4
Saskia Scholten, Julia Velten, Angela Bieda, Xiao Chi Zhang, Jürgen Margraf
: The rising burden of mental and behavioral disorders has become a global challenge (Murray et al., 2012). Measurement invariant clinical instruments are necessary for the assessment of relevant symptoms across countries. The present study tested the measurement invariance of the 21-item version of the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales (DASS; Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995b) in Poland, Russia, the United Kingdom (U.K.), and the United States of America (U.S.). Telephone interviews were conducted with population-based samples (nPL = 1003, nRU = 3020, nU...
January 26, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125248/development-of-the-cogniphobia-scale-for-headache-disorders-cs-hd-a-pilot-study
#5
Elizabeth K Seng, Jaclyn E Klepper
Cogniphobia refers to the specific fear and avoidance of cognitive exertion, which is believed to precipitate or exacerbate headache. This parallels a well-documented phenomenon, kinesiophobia (fear of movement), in chronic pain. The existing measure of cogniphobia (C-Scale) was developed in persons with posttraumatic headache, and item content may not generalize to the broader headache population. This study aimed to develop and begin the initial examination of the psychometrics of a novel measure of cogniphobia for headache disorders: The Cogniphobia Scale for Headache Disorders (CS-HD)...
January 26, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125247/development-and-validation-of-a-tailored-measure-of-body-image-for-pregnant-women
#6
Brittany Watson, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Jaclyn Broadbent, Helen Skouteris
This study developed and validated a quantitative measure of body image specifically designed for pregnancy-the Body Image in Pregnancy Scale (BIPS). Scale development was guided by qualitative data from a series of studies exploring the meaning of women's body image experiences during pregnancy, and previously established body image measures. Exploratory factor analysis for a sample of pregnant women (n = 251) indicated good fit for a 36-item scale with seven factors: preoccupation with physical appearance, dissatisfaction with physical strength, dissatisfaction with facial features, sexual attractiveness, prioritizing physical appearance over body functioning, appearance-related behavioral avoidance, and dissatisfaction with body parts...
January 26, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080108/the-brief-problem-monitor-parent-form-bpm-p-a-short-version-of-the-child-behavior-checklist-psychometric-properties-in-spanish-6-to-8-year-old-children
#7
Eva Penelo, Núria de la Osa, José Blas Navarro, Josep Maria Domènech, Lourdes Ezpeleta
We provide the first validation data on the Spanish version of the Brief Problem Monitor-Parent form (BPM-P), a recently developed abbreviated version of the 120-item Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6 to 18 (CBCL/6-18) in young schoolchildren. Parents of a community sample of 521 children aged 6-8 answered the CBCL/6-18 yearly, and the 19 BPM-P items were examined; parents also provided different measures of psychopathology. Confirmatory factor analysis of the expected 3-factor model (attention, externalizing, and internalizing) showed adequate fit (root mean square error of approximation, RMSEA ≤ ...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080107/feasibility-and-adherence-paradigm-to-ecological-momentary-assessments-in-urban-minority-youth
#8
Mariya P Shiyko, Seth Perkins, Linda Caldwell
All adolescents in general, including ethnic and racial minorities, report high levels of cell phone use, making mobile technology a useful tool for assessment and intervention. Known health and education disparities based on minority status motivated us to conduct an in-depth investigation regarding feasibility of and adherence to the ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research protocol, studying daily life of urban minority youth. In addition, this paper presents a methodological approach to conceptualizing and reporting adherence in EMA studies...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080106/validity-of-the-brief-symptom-inventory-18-bsi-18-for-identifying-depression-and-anxiety-in-young-adult-cancer-survivors-comparison-with-a-structured-clinical-diagnostic-interview
#9
Christopher J Recklitis, Jaime E Blackmon, Grace Chang
The Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) is widely used to assess psychological symptoms in cancer survivors, but the validity of conventional BSI-18 cut-off scores in this population has been questioned. This study assessed the accuracy of the BSI-18 for identifying significant anxiety and depression in young adult cancer survivors (YACS), by comparing it with a "gold standard" diagnostic interview measure. Two hundred fifty YACS, age 18-40 completed the BSI-18 and the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; SCID) interview assessing anxiety and depressive disorders...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080105/cross-cultural-feigning-assessment-a-systematic-review-of-feigning-instruments-used-with-linguistically-ethnically-and-culturally-diverse-samples
#10
Alicia Nijdam-Jones, Barry Rosenfeld
The cross-cultural validity of feigning instruments and cut-scores is a critical concern for forensic mental health clinicians. This systematic review evaluated feigning classification accuracy and effect sizes across instruments and languages by summarizing 45 published peer-reviewed articles and unpublished doctoral dissertations conducted in Europe, Asia, and North America using linguistically, ethnically, and culturally diverse samples. The most common psychiatric symptom measures used with linguistically, ethnically, and culturally diverse samples included the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology, the Miller Forensic Assessment of Symptoms Test, and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991825/is-dietary-restraint-a-unitary-or-multi-faceted-construct
#11
Kelsey E Hagan, Kelsie T Forbush, Po-Yi Chen
Given that approximately two-thirds of adults are overweight or obese, there is substantial interest in dieting (dietary restraint) to promote weight loss. However, research on the associations between dietary restraint and binge eating is inconsistent. One possible explanation for contradictory findings is that measures of dietary restraint assess heterogeneous constructs. Nonclinical samples of university student (n = 433; 62.6% female) and community-recruited (n = 407; 47.4% female) adults completed self-report measures of dietary restraint...
December 19, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991824/symbolic-meanings-of-sex-in-relationships-developing-the-meanings-of-sexual-behavior-inventory
#12
Amanda M Shaw, Ronald D Rogge
Consistent with symbolic interactionism and motivation research, the study explored the meanings of sexual behavior in romantic relationships in a sample of 3,003 online respondents. Starting with a pool of 104 respondent-generated items, Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor analyses in separate sample halves revealed a stable set of 9 dimensions within that item pool that formed 2 higher-order factors representing positive (to share pleasure, to bond, to de-stress, to energize the relationship, to learn more about each other) and negative (to manage conflict, as an incentive, to express anger, and to control partner) meanings of sexual behavior within relationships...
December 19, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991823/examining-the-ethnoracial-invariance-of-a-bifactor-model-of-anxiety-sensitivity-and-the-incremental-validity-of-the-physical-domain-specific-factor-in-a-primary-care-patient-sample
#13
Thomas A Fergus, Lance P Kelley, Jackson O Griggs
There is growing support for a bifactor conceptualization of the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3; Taylor et al., 2007), consisting of a General factor and 3 domain-specific factors (i.e., Physical, Cognitive, Social). Earlier studies supporting a bifactor model of the ASI-3 used samples that consisted of predominantly White respondents. In addition, extant research has yet to support the incremental validity of the Physical domain-specific factor while controlling for the General factor. The present study is an examination of a bifactor model of the ASI-3 and the measurement invariance of that model among an ethnoracially diverse sample of primary-care patients (N = 533)...
December 19, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991822/quick-delay-questionnaire-reliability-validity-and-relations-to-functional-impairments-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#14
Lisa B Thorell, Douglas Sjöwall, Gabry W Mies, Anouk Scheres
The Quick Delay Questionnaire (QDQ) is a self-report measure of delay-related behaviors in adults, and the present study aimed at investigating the psychometric properties of QDQ scores, how well they can discriminate between ADHD adults and both clinical and nonclinical controls, as well as their relations to measures of functional impairments. In the present study, QDQ ratings, a laboratory measure of delay discounting, and ratings of functional impairments were collected from adults diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 51), a clinical control group with other psychiatric disorders (n = 46), and a nonclinical control group (n = 105)...
December 19, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936820/measuring-regulation-in-the-here-and-now-the-development-and-validation-of-the-state-emotion-regulation-inventory-seri
#15
Benjamin A Katz, Neta Lustig, Yael Assis, Iftah Yovel
The relationship between context and emotion regulation is currently at the center of a burgeoning area of research. Commonly used emotion regulation questionnaires, however, are predominantly trait-based, and insensitive to situational choice of regulatory strategy. The current work describes the development and validation of the State Emotion Regulation Inventory (SERI), a brief measure of situational use of distraction, reappraisal, brooding and acceptance. In Study 1, an initial item pool was constructed, based on commonly used trait-based emotion regulation surveys...
December 12, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936819/assessment-of-the-depression-anxiety-and-stress-scale-dass-21-in-untreated-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa
#16
Shenooka Nanthakumar, Romola S Bucks, Timothy C Skinner, Sergio Starkstein, David Hillman, Alan James, Michael Hunter
The assessment of depression in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is confounded by symptom overlap. The Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-short form (DASS-21) is a commonly used measure of negative affect, but it not known whether the DASS-21 is suitable for use in an OSA sample. This study compared the fit of Lovibond and Lovibond's (1995) correlated 3-factor structure of the DASS-21 and measurement invariance between a non-OSA and an OSA sample using confirmatory factor analysis. As measurement invariance was not found, to determine the source of non-invariance differential item functioning (DIF) was examined using dMACS...
December 12, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918175/empirical-correlates-for-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-in-a-german-inpatient-sample
#17
Josefine K Moultrie, Rolf R Engel
We identified empirical correlates for the 42 substantive scales of the German language version of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF): Higher Order, Restructured Clinical, Specific Problem, Interest, and revised Personality Psychopathology Five scales. We collected external validity data by means of a 177-item chart review form in a sample of 488 psychiatric inpatients of a German university hospital. We structured our findings along the interpretational guidelines for the MMPI-2-RF and compared them with the validity data published in the tables of the MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual...
December 5, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918174/evaluation-of-the-children-s-depression-inventory-short-version-cdi-s
#18
Johan Ahlen, Ata Ghaderi
The Children's Depression Inventory-Short Version (CDI-S), an abbreviated version of the widely used Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), has been regularly used in recent research. In comparison to the original CDI, the CDI-S has not been rigorously evaluated for its psychometrics. The present study examined the dimensionality, convergent and discriminant validity, and gender differences of the CDI-S in a school-based sample of 809 children 8-12 years of age. All children completed the CDI-S. One subsample additionally completed another measure of depression, 1 subsample completed a measure of anxiety, and 1 subsample completed the CDI-S at a second occasion, after 2 weeks...
December 5, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918173/the-development-validation-and-feasibility-of-the-experienced-coercion-scale
#19
Olav Nyttingnes, Jorun Rugkåsa, Aina Holmén, Torleif Ruud
Existing scales for experienced coercion have limitations. We developed and validated a short self-report form for experienced coercion for use across care settings, care phases, and care measures. In Stage 1, we developed an item pool, based on the literature, patient accounts, interviews, and expert feedback. Stages 2 and 3 consisted of 2 cross-sectional studies, with patients from acute and nonacute inpatient wards, outpatient care, and supported housing. In Stage 2, patients (N = 212) responded to the Coercion Ladder and the experienced coercion items from Stage 1...
December 5, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893229/measurement-invariance-of-the-yale-food-addiction-scale-2-0-across-gender-and-racial-groups
#20
Meagan M Carr, Pelin D Catak, Megan C Pejsa-Reitz, Karen K Saules, Ashley N Gearhardt
Food addiction describes a psychological and behavioral eating pattern that is similar to the experience of those compulsively taking drugs of abuse. Recent developments related to food addiction, including the development and validation of an updated measure (Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0; Gearhardt, Corbin, & Brownell, 2016), have increased knowledge as to the prevalence and associated correlates of food addiction. However, less is known about the phenomenological experience of food addiction in diverse samples or how the existing measure of food addiction performs in heterogeneous samples...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
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