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Psychological Assessment

Jared R Ruchensky, M Brent Donnellan, John F Edens
The Triarchic Model posits that psychopathic personality traits are captured by three dimensions-boldness, meanness, and disinhibition. Recent findings indicate considerable overlap between the Triarchic constructs and the six-factor HEXACO (honesty-humility, emotionality, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience) model of normal personality traits (Ruchensky & Donnellan, 2017). The current study describes the development and validation of Triarchic proxy scales drawn from the HEXACO-100 item pool (Lee & Ashton, 2016) using two large undergraduate samples ( N s = 545, 398) and a community sample from MTurk ( N = 391)...
July 19, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Marcello Passarelli, Michele Masini, Fabrizio Bracco, Matteo Petrosino, Carlo Chiorri
Detecting the emotional state of others from facial expressions is a key ability in emotional competence and several instruments have been developed to assess it. Typical emotion recognition tests are assumed to be unidimensional, use pictures or videos of emotional portrayals as stimuli, and ask the participant which emotion is depicted in each stimulus. However, using actor portrayals adds a layer of difficulty in developing such a test: the portrayals may fail to be convincing and may convey a different emotion than intended...
July 19, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Thierry Lecerf, Gary L Canivez
Reports an error in "Complementary exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the French WISC-V: Analyses based on the standardization sample" by Thierry Lecerf and Gary L. Canivez ( Psychological Assessment , 2018[Jun], Vol 30[6], 793-808). In the original article a production error resulted in the deletion of subtests in the "French WISC-V subtest" column and the misalignment of factor names in the "Eigenvalue" column of Table 1. The corrected table is included in this erratum...
July 12, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Brandon G Zuccato, Bradley T Tyson, Laszlo A Erdodi
This study was designed to investigate the effects of timing on the likelihood of failing the Recognition Memory Test-Words (RMT) and Word Choice Test (WCT). The RMT and WCT were administered in counterbalanced order either at the beginning (Time 1) or at the end (Time 2) of a test battery to a mixed clinical sample of 196 patients (Mage = 44.5 years, 55.1% female) medically referred for neuropsychological evaluation. The risk of failing the accuracy score was higher at Time 1 on both the RMT (relative risk [RR]: 1...
June 28, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Laszlo A Erdodi, Jessica L Hurtubise, Carly Charron, Alexa Dunn, Anca Enache, Abigail McDermott, Rayna B Hirst
This study was designed to examine the potential of the Delis-Kaplan Executive System (D-KEFS) version of the Trail Making Test (TMT) as a performance validity test (PVT). Data were collected from a mixed clinical sample of 157 consecutively referred outpatients (49% male, MAge = 47.1, MEducation = 13.6) undergoing neuropsychological assessment at an academic medical center in the northeastern United States. Sensitivity and specificity of the D-KEFS Trails to psychometrically defined invalid responding was calculated across various cutoffs and criterion PVTs...
June 28, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Sophie J M Rijnen, Sophie D van der Linden, Wilco H M Emons, Margriet M Sitskoorn, Karin Gehring
This study examined test-retest reliabilities and (predictors of) practice effects of the widely used computerized neuropsychological battery CNS Vital Signs. The sample consisted of 158 Dutch healthy adults. At 3 and 12 months follow-up, 131 and 77 participants were retested. Results revealed low to high test-retest reliability coefficients for CNS VS' test and domain scores. Participants scored significantly higher on the domains of Cognitive Flexibility, Processing Speed, and Reaction Time at the 3-month retest...
June 28, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Carolyn A Watters, R Michael Bagby
The Alternative Model for Personality Disorders (AMPD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , fifth edition, Section III, presents a new approach to conceptualizing personality psychopathology and diagnosing personality disorders. The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) was designed to measure Criterion B of the AMPD and is composed of 25 lower-order facet trait scales that form 5 higher-order domain trait scales. Although the PID-5 has mostly adequate to strong psychometric qualities, the lower-order factor structure of PID-5 facet scales has shown considerable variability across studies, and several PID-5 facets scales show evidence of interstitiality-the cross-loading of facets onto more than 1 domain...
June 28, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Daniel E Shea, Troy E McEwan, Susanne J M Strand, James R P Ogloff
This study assessed the reliability and validity of the Guidelines for Stalking Assessment and Management (SAM), a structured professional judgment measure for assessing stalking risks. The SAM was completed retrospectively from file review for 146 adult stalkers (90.4% male) referred to a community-based forensic mental health service. Interrater reliability (IRR) was initially poor, but developing a strict definition of stalking currency and rescoring the SAM led to improvement. Based on the updated scoring, IRR was moderate for judgments about whether stalking was ongoing at the time of assessment, and fair to moderate for summary risk judgments...
June 28, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Tal Ganor, Nilly Mor, Jonathan D Huppert
Reappraisal is a multifaceted construct associated with a wide range of proximal (e.g., affective responses) and distal (e.g., psychopathology) consequences. To date, our understanding of use of reappraisal is based either on self-reports of tendencies to use a specific strategy in general or in the last week or on performance on lab-based tasks. There has been little effort to measure use of reappraisal immediately following an emotionally evocative situation (i.e., state-reappraisal). To close this gap, we developed the State-Reappraisal Inventory (SRI) that ascertains use of reappraisal immediately after an emotional event...
June 28, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Kaitlyn McLachlan, Andrew L Gray, Ronald Roesch, Kevin S Douglas, Jodi L Viljoen
Despite the high prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in youth criminal justice settings, there is currently no research supporting the use of violence risk assessment tools in this population. This study examined the predictive validity of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) and the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) in justice-involved youth with FASD. Participants were 100 justice-involved youth (ages 12-23; 81% male), including 50 diagnosed with FASD and 50 without FASD or prenatal alcohol exposure...
June 28, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Arthur D Anastopoulos, Kaicee K Beal, Rachel J Reid, Robert Reid, Thomas J Power, George J DuPaul
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scales typically provide normative tables arranged according to child age, child gender, and type of informant, which facilitates addressing the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders developmental deviance requirement for diagnosing ADHD. Missing, however, is any consideration of the gender of the informant. The purpose of this paper was to conduct an exploratory examination of informant gender via secondary analyses of a large data set used to standardize the ADHD Rating Scale-5...
June 25, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Takakuni Suzuki, Kaylin E Hill, Belel Ait Oumeziane, Dan Foti, Douglas B Samuel
Advances in technology have provided opportunities to assess physiological correlates and further our understanding of a number of constructs, including personality traits. Event-related potentials (ERPs), scalp-recorded measures of brain activity with millisecond temporal resolution, show properties that make them potential candidates for integrating neurophysiological methods into personality research. Several commonly used ERPs have trait-like properties including test-retest stability approaching .8 over two weeks...
June 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Marike H F Deutz, Qinxin Shi, Helen G M Vossen, Jorg Huijding, Peter Prinzie, Maja Deković, Anneloes L van Baar, Steven Woltering
The Dysregulation Profile (DP) has emerged as a measure of concurrent affective, behavioral and cognitive dysregulation, associated with severe psychopathology, and poor adjustment. While originally developed with the Child Behavior Checklist, more recently the DP has also been defined on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), mostly with a 5-item, but also a 15-item, SDQ-DP measure. This study evaluated the SDQ-DP by examining its factor structure, measurement invariance, and construct validity...
June 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Nathan T Kearns, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Prathiba Natesan, Byron L Zamboanga, Lindsay S Ham, Renee M Cloutier
Caffeine is the most widely available and consumed psychoactive substance in the United States. Extant work indicates that across substances, use expectancies play a marked role in the development and maintenance of consumption patterns. Despite a burgeoning line of etiological and intervention-oriented research focused on expectancies (e.g., alcohol), there is a limited literature regarding caffeine use effect expectancies, specifically. To facilitate this work, the Caffeine Expectancy Questionnaire (CaffEQ) was developed and psychometrically validated; however, the length of the CaffEQ (i...
June 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger
There is a growing interest in the distinction between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism, along with a hypothesis of a fluctuation between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism within individuals. There are several well-validated measures of both grandiose and vulnerable narcissism, but research has generally found that they are relatively distinct in their relations with their nomological networks. Further, the existing measures of narcissism do not actually assess for a possible fluctuation. The present study developed three scales of narcissistic fluctuation: fluctuation between indifference and anger, grandiosity and shame, and assertiveness and insecurity...
June 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Tessa Reardon, Susan H Spence, Jordan Hesse, Alia Shakir, Cathy Creswell
Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent mental health disorders experienced by children and are associated with significant negative outcomes. Only a minority of affected children, however, access professional help, and a failure to identify children with anxiety disorders presents a key barrier to treatment access. Existing child anxiety questionnaire measures are long and time consuming to complete, limiting their potential for widespread use as identification tools in community settings. We developed a brief questionnaire for parents, children, and teachers using items from the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) and evaluated the new measure's psychometric properties, capacity to discriminate between a community (n = 361) and clinic-referred sample (n = 338) of children aged 7-11, and identified optimal cut-off scores for accurate identification of preadolescent children experiencing clinically significant levels of anxiety...
June 14, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Ian H Stanley, James R Yancey, Christopher J Patrick, Thomas E Joiner
Suicide is a major public health problem, claiming the lives of more than 40,000 individuals in the United States each year. Efforts are needed to (a) identify those at heightened risk for suicide, utilizing objective assessment methods and (b) determine factors that may be protective against engaging in suicidal behavior, even in the context of the desire to do so. Scales RCd (demoralization) and RC9 (hypomanic activation) of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) may be valuable in this regard...
June 14, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Que-Lam Huynh, Verònica Benet-Martínez, Angela-MinhTu D Nguyen
Bicultural Identity Integration (BII) is an individual difference construct that captures variations in the experience of biculturalism. Using multiple samples in a series of steps, we refined BII measurement and then tested the construct in a diverse sample of bicultural individuals. Specifically, we wrote new BII items based on qualitative data ( n = 108), examined the quality of the new measure using subject-matter experts ( n = 23) and bicultural individuals ( n = 5), and then collected validation data from bicultural college students ( n = 1049)...
June 14, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Samuel C Peter, James P Whelan, Rory A Pfund, Andrew W Meyers
Although readability has been traditionally operationalized and even become synonymous with the concept of word and sentence length, modern text analysis theory and technology have shifted toward multidimensional comprehension-based analytic techniques. In an effort to make use of these advancements and demonstrate their general utility, 6 commonly used measures of gambling disorder were submitted to readability analyses using 2 of these advanced approaches, Coh-Metrix and Question Understanding Aid (QUAID), and one traditional approach, the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level...
June 14, 2018: Psychological Assessment
David M Corey, Martin Sellbom, Yossef S Ben-Porath
Potential externalizing tendencies have long been a focus of research in police candidates. Early studies often reported positive correlations between Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) externalizing scales and problem behaviors in law enforcement officers. However, more recent investigations reveal mixed findings, with some showing either no significant correlations between externalizing measures and police performance problems or negative associations. In the current study, we examined associations between MMPI-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) externalizing scale scores and personal history information (biodata) in a large sample (n = 1,226) of police officer candidates and observed expected positive correlations between them...
June 11, 2018: Psychological Assessment
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