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Psychological Assessment

Zoe R Smith, Hana-May Eadeh, Rosanna P Breaux, Joshua M Langberg
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) consists of symptoms of slowness, sluggishness, daydreaming, and low motivation. SCT has been linked to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), internalizing symptoms, and daytime sleepiness. Although there is clear evidence that SCT and ADHD symptoms are distinct constructs, the distinction between SCT, anxiety/depression, and daytime sleepiness is less clear. Prior research has largely relied upon parent-report to evaluate potential overlap between SCT, sleep, and anxiety/depression, despite best practice suggesting that self-report should be used to assess internalizing symptoms...
November 8, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Perman Gochyyev, Jennifer L Skeem
Many people involved in the justice system and people with serious mental illness are required to participate in psychosocial treatment, whether they want it or not. With these clients, case managers, probation officers, and other providers are tasked with both promoting client recovery (a helping, therapeutic role) and protecting community safety (a controlling, surveillance role). The 30-item revised Dual-Role Relationship Inventory (DRI-R) assesses the quality of provider-client relationships in mandated treatment-and DRI-R based research indicates that firm, fair, and caring relationships (authoritative, not authoritarian) predict better client outcomes...
November 5, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Aki Rintala, Martien Wampers, Inez Myin-Germeys, Wolfgang Viechtbauer
Intensive repeated measurement techniques, such as the experience sampling method (ESM), put high demands on participants and may lead to low response compliance, which, in turn, may affect data quality. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate ESM compliance and predictors thereof based on a pooled dataset of 10 ESM studies with a total of 92,394 momentary assessments from 1,717 individuals with different mental health conditions. All included studies used an ESM paper-and-pencil diary protocol of 4 to 6 study days with 10 random time assessments per day...
November 5, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Gemma Vilagut, Carlos G Forero, José Ignacio Castro-Rodriguez, Elena Olariu, Gabriela Barbaglia, Mònica Astals, Cristóbal Diez-Aja, Miguel Gárriz, Adelina Abellanas, Jose Manuel López-Santín, Carmen Sanchez-Gil, Jordi Alonso
In this study, we assessed the psychometric properties of the Spanish Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Depression in an adult population-representative sample from Spain (n = 1,503). We tested unidimensionality and local independence item response theory (IRT) assumptions with confirmatory factor and bifactor models under the exploratory structural equations modeling framework. We evaluated item monotonicity assumption with Mokken scaling analysis. We calibrated the items with an IRT-graded response model and assessed score reliability and test information, and evidence of validity with regard to scores on external measures...
November 1, 2018: Psychological Assessment
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "What item response theory can tell us about the complex span tasks" by Christopher Draheim, Tyler L. Harrison, Susan E. Embretson and Randall W. Engle ( Psychological Assessment , 2018[Jan], Vol 30[1], 116-129). In the article "What Item Response Theory Can Tell Us About the Complex Span Tasks," by Christopher Draheim, Tyler L. Harrison, Susan E. Embretson, and Randall W. Engle ( Psychological Assessment , 2018, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 116-129,
October 29, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Sarah L Karalunas, Hanna C Gustafsson, Damien Fair, Erica D Musser, Joel T Nigg
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is emblematic of unresolved heterogeneity in psychiatric disorders-the variation in biological, clinical, and psychological correlates that impedes progress on etiology. One approach to this problem is to characterize subgroups using measures rooted in biological or psychological theory, consistent with the National Institute of Mental Health's research domain criteria initiative. Within ADHD, a promising application involves using emotion trait profiles that can address the role of irritability as a complicating feature for ADHD...
October 25, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Haylee K DeLuca, Angela Sorgente, Manfred H M van Dulmen
The current paper investigated the invariance of the behavior problem scales of two measures from the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment, the Adult Self Report (ASR) and the Adult Behavior Checklist (ABCL), across members of young adult romantic couples. Data were derived from three studies examining romantic relationships in young adulthood (total N = 672). Using a series of confirmatory factor analysis models, we tested levels of invariance of the behavior problem subscales of the ASR/ABCL across self- and partner-reports...
October 25, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Elizabeth R Wallace, Natasha E Garcia-Willingham, Brittany D Walls, Chelsea M Bosch, Kullen C Balthrop, David T R Berry
This meta-analysis compares stand-alone and embedded performance and symptom validity tests (PVTs and SVTs) for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) malingering detection in college students. Simulation design studies utilizing college student samples were included (k = 11). Analyses consisted of measures designed or previously used for malingering detection. Random-effects models were constructed to provide aggregated weighted effect sizes (Hedges' g), indicating the difference between genuine ADHD and simulation groups...
October 25, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Ewa B Stefanska, Joachim Nitschke, Adam J Carter, Andreas Mokros
Sexual sadism is assumed to be a crucial factor in sexual homicide. Prevalence estimates vary greatly due to differences in the definition of sexual sadism. A nationwide sample of 350 male perpetrators who had committed a sexual homicide offense against a female 14 years of age or above in England or Wales was assessed based on archival records. Sexual sadism was assessed using the Sexual Sadism Scale (SeSaS). Item response theory (IRT) analyses were conducted focusing on the 2-parameter logistic model. The single-factor structure of the SeSaS Part 1 was tested using confirmatory factor analysis...
October 15, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Amanda A Uliaszek, Nadia Al-Dajani, Martin Sellbom, R Michael Bagby
Demoralization is defined as a pervasive, generalized negative emotional construct present in psychiatric disorders and a variety of medical conditions. Demoralization is also conceptualized as a ubiquitous affective-laden factor common to most forms of psychopathology that increases the magnitude of intercorrelations among putatively distinct psychiatric symptom scales (Tellegen, 1985). Using exploratory structural equation modeling to identify common variance across the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R), a measure of the five-factor model of personality, Noordhof, Sellbom, Eigenhuis, and Kamphuis (2015) constructed an 18-item Demoralization subscale in a Dutch-speaking sample of patients attending a clinic for personality disorders in the Netherlands...
October 11, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Bunmi O Olatunji, Chad Ebesutani, David F Tolin
Although current cognitive-behavioral models suggest that maladaptive "obsessive beliefs" about threat, responsibility, uncertainty, perfectionism, importance, and control of thoughts contributes to the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the structure of such beliefs is unclear. The current study evaluated a bifactor model of obsessive beliefs, as assessed by the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44), and its association with OCD symptoms in clinical (Study 1; N = 264) and nonclinical (Study 2; N = 437) samples...
October 11, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Jeremy D W Clifton, Joshua D Baker, Crystal L Park, David B Yaden, Alicia B W Clifton, Paolo Terni, Jessica L Miller, Guang Zeng, Salvatore Giorgi, H Andrew Schwartz, Martin E P Seligman
Beck's insight-that beliefs about one's self, future, and environment shape behavior-transformed depression treatment. Yet environment beliefs remain relatively understudied. We introduce a set of environment beliefs- primal world beliefs or primals -that concern the world's overall character (e.g., the world is interesting, the world is dangerous ). To create a measure, we systematically identified candidate primals (e.g., analyzing tweets, historical texts, etc.); conducted exploratory factor analysis ( N = 930) and two confirmatory factor analyses ( N = 524; N = 529); examined sequence effects ( N = 219) and concurrent validity ( N = 122); and conducted test-retests over 2 weeks ( n = 122), 9 months ( n = 134), and 19 months (n = 398)...
October 8, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Sascha Müller, Morten Moshagen
Measures of self-favoring response biases such as impression management (IM) scales or the overclaiming technique (OCT) have been developed to detect distorted self-reports. However, the validity of these approaches has been questioned. In the present study ( N = 461), we further examined both IM (assessed by the respective subscale of the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding [BIDR]) and the OCT as measures of self-favoring response biases and their associations with honesty-humility. Specifically, we tested the 2 competing accounts of IM as a measure of true virtues or a measure of overly positive self-presentation against each other...
October 8, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Seth C Courrégé, Nathan C Weed
Several studies have shown that response option augmentation (ROA), or increasing the number of response options of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2-RF, improves the reliability of scale scores but does not improve convergent validity. However, these studies have not taken into account the response format of criterion measures, which may represent a form of common method variance (CMV). This study examined ROA with the MMPI-2-RF to determine whether number of response options is a source of CMV that may have affected previous estimates of convergent validity...
October 4, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Ruth Chu-Lien Chao, Kathy Green, Kranti Dugar, Lynsay Paiko, Jinzhao Zhao, Po Fai Li
Although the United States offers some of the most advanced psychological services in the world, not everyone in the country shares these services equally, resulting in health disparities. Health disparities persist when assessments do not appropriately measure different populations' mental health problems. To address this assessment issue, we conducted principal axis factoring, confirmatory factor analysis, and Rasch analyses to assess the psychometric characteristics of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) to evaluate whether the BSI is culturally appropriate for assessing African American students' psychological distress...
September 20, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Verity Statham, Lisa-Marie Emerson, Georgina Rowse
Paranoia can be conceptualized as consisting of a hierarchy of cognitions, ranging from commonly experienced thoughts about less severe perceived threats, up to less common, persecutory thoughts about extreme threats, which are associated with distressing psychosis. This review systematically appraises self-report paranoia questionnaires validated for use among the general population; the type of paranoia assessed, measurement or psychometric properties, and subsequent validation with clinical samples are all considered...
September 20, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Anna C Salomaa, Jes L Matsick
In this article, we review basic research on sexual orientation for a clinical scientist-practitioner audience. We present contemporary and evolving approaches to defining and measuring sexual orientation, and we provide suggestions for how to translate psychological theory into best practices (i.e., how to select appropriate sexuality measures in both research and clinical settings). Our focus is on evaluating currently available measures of sexual orientation in terms of comprehensiveness and feasibility: How thoroughly are components of sexuality captured and how feasible it is to use such measures in research and clinical settings? Basic research in sexuality has progressed beyond our current clinical practices and should be used as a guide to more responsibly conceptualize participants and clients...
September 13, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Brian E Armenta, M Lynne Cooper
The Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (RAPI) is widely used to assess alcohol-related problems among college students within the U.S. and internationally. Despite its wide usage, whether the RAPI similarly assesses alcohol-related problems among students in different countries has not been established. We begin to address this issue by evaluating responses to the RAPI for measurement equivalence across college students in the U.S. (European Americans and Mexican Americans, treated as separate groups) and Mexico (Mexicans)...
September 10, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Anthony J Rosellini, Timothy A Brown
There has been limited progress evaluating the validity of dimensional approaches to emotional disorder classification. This has occurred in part because of a lack of standardized assessment tools developed with the specific intent of studying dimensional classification. The goal of the current study was to develop and validate the Multidimensional Emotional Disorder Inventory (MEDI) to efficiently assess nine empirically supported transdiagnostic dimensions proposed in the Brown and Barlow (2009) profile approach to emotional disorder classification: neurotic temperament, positive temperament, depression, autonomic arousal, somatic anxiety, social anxiety, intrusive cognitions, traumatic reexperiencing, and avoidance...
August 30, 2018: Psychological Assessment
María Dolores Nieto, Francisco J Abad, Julio Olea
Multidimensional computerized adaptive testing based on the bifactor model (MCAT-B) can provide efficient assessments of multifaceted constructs. In this study, MCAT-B was compared with a short fixed-length scale and computerized adaptive testing based on unidimensional (UCAT) and multidimensional (correlated-factors) models (MCAT) to measure the Big Five model of personality. The sample comprised 826 respondents who completed a pool with 360 personality items measuring the Big Five domains and facets. The dimensionality of the Big Five domains was also tested...
August 30, 2018: Psychological Assessment
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