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Psychological Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283593/complementary-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analyses-of-the-french-wisc-v-analyses-based-on-the-standardization-sample
#1
Thierry Lecerf, Gary L Canivez
Interpretation of the French Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition (French WISC-V; Wechsler, 2016a) is based on a 5-factor model including Verbal Comprehension (VC), Visual Spatial (VS), Fluid Reasoning (FR), Working Memory (WM), and Processing Speed (PS). Evidence for the French WISC-V factorial structure was established exclusively through confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs). However, as recommended by Carroll (1995); Reise (2012), and Brown (2015), factorial structure should derive from both exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and CFA...
December 28, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283592/development-and-validation-of-a-measure-of-maladaptive-social-evaluative-beliefs-characteristic-of-social-anxiety-disorder-in-youth-the-report-of-youth-social-cognitions-rysc
#2
Quincy J J Wong, Sarah P Certoma, Lauren F McLellan, Brynjar Halldorsson, Natasha Reyes, Kelsie Boulton, Jennifer L Hudson, Ronald M Rapee
Recent research has started to examine the applicability of influential adult models of the maintenance of social anxiety disorder (SAD) to youth. This research is limited by the lack of psychometrically validated measures of underlying constructs that are developmentally appropriate for youth. One key construct in adult models of SAD is maladaptive social-evaluative beliefs. The current study aimed to develop and validate a measure of these beliefs in youth, known as the Report of Youth Social Cognitions (RYSC)...
December 28, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199838/evaluating-the-eight-item-patient-health-questionnaire-s-psychometric-properties-with-mexican-and-central-american-descent-university-students
#3
David Alpizar, Luciana Laganá, Scott W Plunkett, Brian F French
Depression can be a serious aliment influencing the lives of millions of persons. Person's health conditions worsen and daily functioning declines in the presence of depression. However, little attention has been given to how depression is accurately assessed in diverse populations from other countries residing in the United States. Thus, this study examined the factor structure, factorial invariance, concurrent validity, and convergent validity of the widely used 8-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8) among emerging adults of Mexican and Central American (e...
December 4, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199837/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-mini-international-neuropsychiatric-interview-for-children-and-adolescents-mini-kid
#4
Laura Duncan, Kathy Georgiades, Li Wang, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Harriet L MacMillan, Mark A Ferro, Ellen L Lipman, Peter Szatmari, Kathryn Bennett, Anna Kata, Magdalena Janus, Michael H Boyle
The goals of the study were to examine test-retest reliability, informant agreement and convergent and discriminant validity of nine DSM-IV-TR psychiatric disorders classified by parent and youth versions of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID). Using samples drawn from the general population and child mental health outpatient clinics, 283 youth aged 9 to 18 years and their parents separately completed the MINI-KID with trained lay interviewers on two occasions 7 to 14 days apart...
December 4, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172554/interfacing-five-factor-model-and-triarchic-conceptualizations-of-psychopathy
#5
Laura E Drislane, Sarah J Brislin, Shayne Jones, Christopher J Patrick
The lexically based five-factor model (FFM) of personality has been a highly influential research framework for characterizing clinical-psychological conditions, including psychopathy, in lexical-trait terms. An alternative trait-descriptive framework, the triarchic model was formulated to characterize psychopathy in neurobehavioral-trait terms, in order to facilitate linkages with variables in the domain of neurobiology. The current study used data from a mixed-gender sample (N = 769; M age = 19.3) to establish an interface between the FFM and triarchic frameworks by identifying subsets of items from a widely used five-factor personality inventory, the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO-PI-R), that effectively index the dimensional constructs of the triarchic model (boldness, meanness, and disinhibition)...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130695/a-test-of-the-empirical-profile-and-coherence-of-the-dsm-5-psychopathy-specifier
#6
Joshua D Miller, Joanna Lamkin, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) introduced a psychopathy specifier (DSM-5 PS) as part of the Section III diagnostic model of antisocial personality disorder. Designed to capture the construct of fearless dominance/boldness, the DSM-5 PS is assessed on the basis of the presence of low scores on traits of withdrawal and anxiousness, and high scores on attention seeking. These constructs have garnered attention in the past decade but are the subject of substantial debate as to their role in the conceptualization and assessment of psychopathy, given their limited relations to the maladaptive outcomes typically associated with this personality disorder...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130694/initial-validation-of-brief-measures-of-suicide-risk-factors-common-data-elements-used-by-the-military-suicide-research-consortium
#7
Fallon B Ringer, Kelly A Soberay, Megan L Rogers, Christopher R Hagan, Carol Chu, Matt Schneider, Matthew C Podlogar, Tracy Witte, Jill Holm-Denoma, E Ashby Plant, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner
The Military Suicide Research Consortium (MSRC) developed a 57-item questionnaire assessing suicide risk factors, referred to as the Common Data Elements (CDEs), in order to facilitate data sharing and improve collaboration across independent studies. All studies funded by MSRC are required to include the CDEs in their assessment protocol. The CDEs include shortened measures of the following: current and past suicide risk, lethality and intent of past suicide attempts, hopelessness, thwarted belongingness, anxiety sensitivity, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, traumatic brain injury, insomnia, and alcohol abuse...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072481/classification-accuracy-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-mmpi-2-restructured-form-validity-scales-in-detecting-malingered-pain-related-disability
#8
Kevin J Bianchini, Luis E Aguerrevere, Kelly L Curtis, Tresa M Roebuck-Spencer, F Charles Frey, Kevin W Greve, Matthew Calamia
The symptom reports of individuals with chronic pain are multidimensional (e.g., emotional, cognitive, and somatic) and significantly contribute to increased morbidity and lost work productivity. When pain occurs in the context of a legally compensable event, reliable assessment of a patient's multifactorial symptom experience during psychological or neuropsychological evaluations is a necessity. The Validity Scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) have been shown useful in identifying symptom overreporting and feigning within chronic pain samples and a number of studies have emerged supporting the use of the MMPI-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) in the detection of simulated or feigned impairment in a variety of populations...
October 26, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323514/ffmpd-scales-comparisons-with-the-ffm-pid-5-and-cat-pd-sf
#9
Cristina Crego, Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger
A series of 8 Five Factor Model Personality Disorder (FFMPD) scales have been developed to assess, from the perspective of the Five Factor Model (FFM), the maladaptive traits included within DSM-5 Section II personality disorders. An extensive body of FFMPD research has accumulated. However, for the most part, each study has been confined to the scales within 1 particular FFMPD Inventory. The current study considered 36 FFMPD scales, at least 1 from each of the 8 FFMPD inventories, including 8 scales considered to be from neuroticism, 8 from extraversion, 5 from openness, 8 from agreeableness, and 7 from conscientiousness...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323513/the-five-factor-borderline-inventory-behavioral-outcomes-across-time
#10
Ashley C Helle, Hilary L DeShong, Amanda N Baraldi, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt
The Five-Factor Borderline Inventory Short Form (FFBI-SF) is a 48-item dimensional measure of borderline personality disorder (BPD) that was developed from the Five-factor model (FFM). Previous research has examined the relationships of the FFBI-SF to the FFM and BPD. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship of FFBI-SF scales with behavioral outcomes, such as self-injury, physical fights, panic symptoms, promiscuous sex, theft, attempted suicide, reckless driving, and binge eating...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323512/informant-assessment-the-informant-five-factor-narcissism-inventory
#11
Joshua R Oltmanns, Cristina Crego, Thomas A Widiger
A series of self-report measures of personality disorder from the perspective of the five-factor model (FFM) have been published; however, no informant-report versions have been developed. An informant version of the Five Factor Narcissism Inventory (FFNI) is particularly apt, given the degree of distortion in self-description inherent to narcissism. The present study provides initial validation for the Informant Five-Factor Narcissism Inventory (IFFNI). In Study 1, informant reports from friends, romantic partners, parents, and other family members were compared with self-reports provided by undergraduate college students on the IFFNI, FFM personality, and social dysfunction...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323511/representing-schizotypal-thinking-with-dimensional-traits-a-case-for-the-five-factor-schizotypal-inventory
#12
Erin L Moorman, Douglas B Samuel
Building on support for the five-factor model (FFM) of personality disorder, the Five Factor Schizotypal Inventory (FFSI) was developed to assess maladaptive traits relevant to schizotypal personality disorder. While the development of the FFSI supports a continuity between schizotypal thinking and perception (STAP) and the FFM domain of Openness to Experience, other studies show inconsistent findings concerning the strength of this relationship. The current study evaluates these relationships by investigating specific components of a short-form of the FFSI (e...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323510/consensual-lay-profiles-of-narcissism-and-their-connection-to-the-five-factor-narcissism-inventory
#13
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Lane Siedor, Michael Crowe, W Keith Campbell
Although there is evidence that experts agree on the traits that characterize narcissism, this agreement may be due, in part, to the influence of the operationalizations based on the American Psychiatric Association's series of Diagnostic and Statistical Manuals of Mental Disorders (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1980, 1994, 2013). Because these trait descriptions are important in shaping conceptualizations and serving as empirical criteria for construct validation, we explored their generalizability...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323509/five-factor-model-personality-disorder-scales-an-introduction-to-a-special-section-on-assessment-of-maladaptive-variants-of-the-five-factor-model
#14
R Michael Bagby, Thomas A Widiger
The Five-Factor Model (FFM) is a dimensional model of general personality structure, consisting of the domains of neuroticism (or emotional instability), extraversion versus introversion, openness (or unconventionality), agreeableness versus antagonism, and conscientiousness (or constraint). The FFM is arguably the most commonly researched dimensional model of general personality structure. However, a notable limitation of existing measures of the FFM has been a lack of coverage of its maladaptive variants...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227128/noncredible-cognitive-performance-at-clinical-evaluation-of-adult-adhd-an-embedded-validity-indicator-in-a-visuospatial-working-memory-test
#15
Anselm B M Fuermaier, Oliver Tucha, Janneke Koerts, Klaus W Lange, Matthias Weisbrod, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Lara Tucha
The assessment of performance validity is an essential part of the neuropsychological evaluation of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Most available tools, however, are inaccurate regarding the identification of noncredible performance. This study describes the development of a visuospatial working memory test, including a validity indicator for noncredible cognitive performance of adults with ADHD. Visuospatial working memory of adults with ADHD (n = 48) was first compared to the test performance of healthy individuals (n = 48)...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227127/symptom-and-performance-validity-with-veterans-assessed-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#16
Robert D Shura, John H Denning, Holly M Miskey, Jared A Rowland
Little is known about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in veterans. Practice standards recommend the use of both symptom and performance validity measures in any assessment, and there are salient external incentives associated with ADHD evaluation (stimulant medication access and academic accommodations). The purpose of this study was to evaluate symptom and performance validity measures in a clinical sample of veterans presenting for specialty ADHD evaluation. Patients without a history of a neurocognitive disorder and for whom data were available on all measures (n = 114) completed a clinical interview structured on DSM-5 ADHD symptoms, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), and the Test of Memory Malingering Trial 1 (TOMM1) as part of a standardized ADHD diagnostic evaluation...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227126/intentional-inattention-detecting-feigned-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-the-personality-assessment-inventory
#17
Shannon T Smith, Jennifer Cox, Elyse N Mowle, John F Edens
Given the increasing number of college students seeking Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnoses as well as the potential secondary gains associated with this disorder (e.g., access to stimulant medication, academic accommodations), the detection of malingered symptom presentations in this population is a major concern. The present study examined the ability of validity indicators on the widely used Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991) to distinguish between individuals experiencing genuine ADHD symptoms and individuals instructed to present with ADHD symptomatology for secondary gain...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227125/utility-of-the-conners-adult-adhd-rating-scale-validity-scales-in-identifying-simulated-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-random-responding
#18
Brittany D Walls, Elizabeth R Wallace, Stacey L Brothers, David T R Berry
Recent concern about malingered self-report of symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in college students has resulted in an urgent need for scales that can detect feigning of this disorder. The present study provided further validation data for a recently developed validity scale for the Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS), the CAARS Infrequency Index (CII), as well as for the Inconsistency Index (INC). The sample included 139 undergraduate students: 21 individuals with diagnoses of ADHD, 29 individuals responding honestly, 54 individuals responding randomly (full or half), and 35 individuals instructed to feign...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227124/the-effects-of-symptom-information-coaching-on-the-feigning-of-adult-adhd
#19
Maryanne Edmundson, David T R Berry, Hannah L Combs, Stacey L Brothers, Jordan P Harp, Ande Williams, Stephanie L Rojas, Ahmed K Saleh, April B Scott
College students without ADHD may feign symptoms of ADHD to gain access to stimulant medications and academic accommodations. Unfortunately, research has shown that it can be difficult to discriminate malingered from genuine ADHD symptomatology, especially when evaluations are based only on self-report questionnaires. The present study investigated whether nonclinical college students given no additional information could feign ADHD as successfully as those who were coached on symptoms of the disorder. Similar to Jasinski et al...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227123/the-importance-of-assessing-for-validity-of-symptom-report-and-performance-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-introduction-to-the-special-section-on-noncredible-presentation-in-adhd
#20
Julie A Suhr, David T R Berry
Invalid self-report and invalid performance occur with high base rates in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; Harrison, 2006; Musso & Gouvier, 2014). Although much research has focused on the development and validation of symptom validity tests (SVTs) and performance validity tests (PVTs) for psychiatric and neurological presentations, less attention has been given to the use of SVTs and PVTs in ADHD evaluation. This introduction to the special section describes a series of studies examining the use of SVTs and PVTs in adult ADHD evaluation...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
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