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Psychological Assessment

Ruth Chu-Lien Chao, Kathy Green, Kranti Dugar, Lynsay Paiko, Jinzhao Zhao, Po Fai Li
Although the United States offers some of the most advanced psychological services in the world, not everyone in the country shares these services equally, resulting in health disparities. Health disparities persist when assessments do not appropriately measure different populations' mental health problems. To address this assessment issue, we conducted principal axis factoring, confirmatory factor analysis, and Rasch analyses to assess the psychometric characteristics of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) to evaluate whether the BSI is culturally appropriate for assessing African American students' psychological distress...
September 20, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Verity Statham, Lisa-Marie Emerson, Georgina Rowse
Paranoia can be conceptualized as consisting of a hierarchy of cognitions, ranging from commonly experienced thoughts about less severe perceived threats, up to less common, persecutory thoughts about extreme threats, which are associated with distressing psychosis. This review systematically appraises self-report paranoia questionnaires validated for use among the general population; the type of paranoia assessed, measurement or psychometric properties, and subsequent validation with clinical samples are all considered...
September 20, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Anna C Salomaa, Jes L Matsick
In this article, we review basic research on sexual orientation for a clinical scientist-practitioner audience. We present contemporary and evolving approaches to defining and measuring sexual orientation, and we provide suggestions for how to translate psychological theory into best practices (i.e., how to select appropriate sexuality measures in both research and clinical settings). Our focus is on evaluating currently available measures of sexual orientation in terms of comprehensiveness and feasibility: How thoroughly are components of sexuality captured and how feasible it is to use such measures in research and clinical settings? Basic research in sexuality has progressed beyond our current clinical practices and should be used as a guide to more responsibly conceptualize participants and clients...
September 13, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Brian E Armenta, M Lynne Cooper
The Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (RAPI) is widely used to assess alcohol-related problems among college students within the U.S. and internationally. Despite its wide usage, whether the RAPI similarly assesses alcohol-related problems among students in different countries has not been established. We begin to address this issue by evaluating responses to the RAPI for measurement equivalence across college students in the U.S. (European Americans and Mexican Americans, treated as separate groups) and Mexico (Mexicans)...
September 10, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Anthony J Rosellini, Timothy A Brown
There has been limited progress evaluating the validity of dimensional approaches to emotional disorder classification. This has occurred in part because of a lack of standardized assessment tools developed with the specific intent of studying dimensional classification. The goal of the current study was to develop and validate the Multidimensional Emotional Disorder Inventory (MEDI) to efficiently assess nine empirically supported transdiagnostic dimensions proposed in the Brown and Barlow (2009) profile approach to emotional disorder classification: neurotic temperament, positive temperament, depression, autonomic arousal, somatic anxiety, social anxiety, intrusive cognitions, traumatic reexperiencing, and avoidance...
August 30, 2018: Psychological Assessment
María Dolores Nieto, Francisco J Abad, Julio Olea
Multidimensional computerized adaptive testing based on the bifactor model (MCAT-B) can provide efficient assessments of multifaceted constructs. In this study, MCAT-B was compared with a short fixed-length scale and computerized adaptive testing based on unidimensional (UCAT) and multidimensional (correlated-factors) models (MCAT) to measure the Big Five model of personality. The sample comprised 826 respondents who completed a pool with 360 personality items measuring the Big Five domains and facets. The dimensionality of the Big Five domains was also tested...
August 30, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Michaela Hoffman, Douglas Steinley, Timothy J Trull, Kenneth J Sher
Network models of the symptoms of psychological disorders provide a novel lens for examining comorbidity. Viewing symptoms as causal entities in their own right, researchers can attempt to identify specific symptoms that "bridge" diagnostic entities, providing a more granular perspective on comorbidity than the one provided by analysis at the syndromal level. Such analyses could help identify transdiagnostic targets for both research and clinical interventions. Although promising conceptually, extant work using this approach often uses structured diagnostic interview data that employ "skip outs," branching logic conditional on responses to gating questions (which may be criterial or risk markers)...
August 30, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Kristin D Neff, István Tóth-Király, Lisa M Yarnell, Kohki Arimitsu, Paula Castilho, Nima Ghorbani, Hailan Xiaoxia Guo, Jameson K Hirsch, Jörg Hupfeld, Claudio S Hutz, Ilios Kotsou, Woo Kyeong Lee, Jesus Montero-Marin, Fuschia M Sirois, Luciana K de Souza, Julie L Svendsen, Ross B Wilkinson, Michail Mantzios
This study examined the factor structure of the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) using secondary data drawn from 20 samples (N = 11,685)-7 English and 13 non-English-including 10 community, 6 student, 1 mixed community/student, 1 meditator, and 2 clinical samples. Self-compassion is theorized to represent a system with 6 constituent components: self-kindness, common humanity, mindfulness and reduced self-judgment, isolation and overidentification. There has been controversy as to whether a total score on the SCS or if separate scores representing compassionate versus uncompassionate self-responding should be used...
August 20, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Daniel J Lee, Michelle J Bovin, Frank W Weathers, Patrick A Palmieri, Paula P Schnurr, Denise M Sloan, Terence M Keane, Brian P Marx
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) 4-factor model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has demonstrated adequate fit in several confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) studies. Although several alternative measurement models have demonstrated better fit, there is no consensus yet on the best model, and newly proposed models lack sufficient construct validation. Notably, these studies have relied exclusively on questionnaire data, and thus their findings may be attributable to a method effect...
August 16, 2018: Psychological Assessment
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Determining optimal parameters of the self-referent encoding task: A large-scale examination of self-referent cognition and depression" by Justin Dainer-Best, Hae Yeon Lee, Jason D. Shumake, David S. Yeager and Christopher G. Beevers ( Psychological Assessment , Advanced Online Publication, Jun 07, 2018, np). In this article, there was an error in how exclusions for one of the three samples were reported, which resulted in inaccurate reporting of how many participants did not have complete data...
August 16, 2018: Psychological Assessment
David M Glassmire, Mary Elizabeth Wood, Minhdan T Ta, Dominique I Kinney, Stephen R Nitch
Recent research (Erdodi et al., 2017) indicated that certain Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV) Processing Speed Index (PSI)-based indices may have some utility as embedded validity indicators (EVIs) among a diagnostically diverse sample of neuropsychology referrals. Individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) are often evaluated in forensic contexts in which there is incentive to exaggerate deficits. Because individuals with SSD often have limitations in processing speed associated with their disorders, the current study sought to evaluate the false-positive (FP) rates of cutoffs identified by Erdodi et al...
August 13, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Salome Vanwoerden, Lorra Garey, Tayler Ferguson, Jeff R Temple, Carla Sharp
The Borderline Personality Features Scale for Children (BPFS-C) was recently shortened using item response theory to an 11-item version that is optimal for use in epidemiological studies and repeated assessment over time. Only 1 study has examined invariance of the BPFS-C-11 items across gender and no study has done so over time. The present study employed a longitudinal design to address this gap by evaluating measurement invariance across gender and over time during the transition into adulthood in a diverse community-based sample of 755 adolescents (56% female)...
August 6, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Betty Lin, Patricia K Kerig, Daniel E Adkins
The development of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) has contributed importantly to research on the role of callous-unemotional traits in youth offending. However, findings from recent studies have raised questions about the measure's psychometric properties by yielding discrepant findings about how best to optimize the ICU for capturing meaningful variability in callous-unemotional traits across genders, reporters, and samples. The present study drew data from a sample of justice-involved adolescents and examined the psychometric properties of the ICU across caregiver- and youth self-report versions as well as across genders...
August 6, 2018: Psychological Assessment
David M Erceg-Hurn, Peter M McEvoy
The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and Social Phobia Scale (SPS) are 20-item companion measures of social anxiety symptoms frequently used to evaluate outcome in treatment trials. The SIAS-6, SPS-6, and Social Interaction Phobia Scale (SIPS) are promising short forms of the SIAS and SPS. The current study evaluated whether it is sound to use these short scales instead of the full-length instruments to measure outcome in social anxiety disorder (SAD) treatment studies, using data from a trial in which 255 adults with SAD were treated with traditional or imagery-enhanced group cognitive-behavioral therapy...
August 2, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Adrian J Bravo, Margo C Villarosa-Hurlocker, Matthew R Pearson
The DSM-5 Self-Rated Level 1 Cross-Cutting Symptom Measure was developed to aid in clinical decision-making for clients seeking psychiatric services and to facilitate empirical investigation of the dimensional nature of mental health issues. Preliminary evidence supports its utility with clinical samples. However, the brief, yet comprehensive structure of the DSM-5 Level 1 measure may benefit a high-risk population that is less likely to seek treatment. College students have high rates of hazardous substance use and co-occurring mental health symptoms, yet rarely seek treatment...
August 2, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Katrina A Rufino, David K Marcus, Thomas E Ellis, Marcus T Boccaccini
Recent research by Witte and colleagues (2017) revealed a taxonic structure for classifying suicide risk using a sample of predominantly military outpatients. The authors sought to replicate the Witte et al. (2017) findings using data from a sample of 2,385 psychiatric inpatients who completed measures of suicidal ideation and behavior upon admission to the hospital. The comparison curve fit index values for means above minus below a cut (.80), maximum eigenvalue (.71), and latent mode (.52) showed a similar taxonic structure (i...
August 2, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Adam W Hanley, Yoshio Nakamura, Eric L Garland
This article details the development of two measures of nondual awareness, the Nondual Awareness Dimensional Assessment-Trait (NADA-T) and the Nondual Awareness Dimensional Assessment-State (NADA-S). Principal component analysis ( N = 528) revealed two, interpretable dimensions of the NADA-T: self-transcendence and bliss. Bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling, conducted in three independent samples ( N = 338, N = 221, N = 166), indicated that both NADA-T dimensions were components of a second-order nondual awareness construct...
July 30, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Katherine L Collison, Colin E Vize, Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam
Machiavellianism is characterized by planfulness, the ability to delay gratification, and interpersonal antagonism (i.e., manipulativeness and callousness). Although its theoretically positive relations with facets of Conscientiousness should help distinguish Machiavellianism from psychopathy, current measurements of Machiavellianism are indistinguishable from those of psychopathy in large part because of their assessment of low Conscientiousness. The goal of the present study was to create a measure of Machiavellianism that is more in line with theory using an expert-derived profile based on the 30 facets of the five-factor model (FFM) and then test the validity of that measure by comparing it with relevant constructs...
July 26, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Jason M Prenoveau, Alison A Papadakis, Jacob C S Schmitz, Elena L Hirsch, Jacinda K Dariotis, Tamar Mendelson
No study has yet assessed the psychometric properties of scores from any mindfulness measure in racial minority adolescents from low-income environments. The present study examined the reliability and validity of Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM) scores in a nonclinical sample of late adolescents ( N = 92) from low-income neighborhoods who predominantly identified as African American. Findings confirmed a one-factor structure for responses to the 10 CAMM items as well as adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's α = ...
July 26, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Brett A Murphy, Thomas H Costello, Scott O Lilienfeld
Some theorists have argued that empathy should be defined as feeling the same emotion that one thinks another person is feeling and that other-oriented sympathetic caring should be excluded from this construct. Jordan, Amir, and Bloom (2016) introduced the Empathy Index (EI) as a self-report questionnaire to measure the former circumscribed conceptualization of empathy. They reported that this scale (a) was only weakly associated with broader sympathetic caring and (b) was not robustly predictive of heightened prosociality in behavioral tasks...
July 23, 2018: Psychological Assessment
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