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Psychological Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795825/development-and-validation-of-the-forms-of-self-criticizing-attacking-and-self-reassuring-scale-short-form
#1
Marion Sommers-Spijkerman, Hester Trompetter, Peter Ten Klooster, Karlein Schreurs, Paul Gilbert, Ernst Bohlmeijer
Studies investigating the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) are growing rapidly. As CFT is oriented toward helping people deal with internal processes of self-to-self-relating, having instruments to measure these processes is important. The 22-item Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) has been found a useful measure. In the present study, a 14-item short form of the FSCRS (FSCRS-SF) suited to studies requiring brief measures was developed and tested in a Dutch community sample (N = 363), and cross-validated in a sample consisting of participants in a study on the effectiveness of a guided self-help compassion training (N = 243)...
August 10, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782981/an-examination-of-the-precision-of-the-autism-diagnostic-observation-schedule-using-item-response-theory
#2
Megan Kuhfeld, Alexandra Sturm
The current study examined the reliability of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) across the continuum of severity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) core deficits. Modules 3 and 4 of the ADOS assess the deficits of ASD in 2 core domains (Social Affect and Restrictive and Repetitive Behaviors [RRB]) among verbally fluent children, adolescents, and adults, and ADOS diagnostic classification of ASD is based on a total score that combines the 2 domains. Currently, the total and domain scores are calculated using only a subset of the administered items...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782980/psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-adolescent-stress-questionnaire-asq-s
#3
Juan F Lima, Rafael Alarcón, Milagros Escobar, F Javier Fernández-Baena, Ángela M Muñoz, María J Blanca
The aim of this study was to develop a Spanish version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire and to examine its psychometric properties: factor structure, measurement invariance across samples, reliability, and concurrent validity. Participants consisted of 1,560 Spanish students between 12 and 18 years of age. The results support a structure based on 10 first-order factors (corresponding to stressors on the dimensions Home Life, School Performance, School Attendance, Romantic Relationships, Peer Pressure, Teacher Interaction, Future Uncertainty, School/Leisure Conflict, Financial Pressure, and Emerging Adult Responsibility) and 1 second-order factor that subsumes the first-order factors...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782979/the-junior-temperament-and-character-inventory-jtci-psychometric-properties-of-multi-informant-ratings
#4
Karin Boson, Sven Brändström, Sören Sigvardsson
The aims of the study were (a) to establish norms for the Swedish child self-report and caregiver rating versions of the Junior and Temperament Character Inventory (JTCI) among young adolescents, (b) to investigate its psychometric properties, and (c) to investigate congruence between children's self-reports and caregivers' ratings of a child's personality. The sample was a general population of 1,046 children ages 12-14 years and 654 caregivers. The JTCI was found to be reliable on all dimensions except Persistence in the child self-report version...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782978/smoking-consequences-questionnaire-a-reevaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-across-two-independent-samples-of-smokers
#5
Lorra Garey, Kara Manning, Charles Jardin, Adam M Leventhal, Matthew Stone, Amanda M Raines, Raina D Pang, Clayton Neighbors, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
Drug use outcome expectancies are a central construct to psychosocial theories of addictive disorders. In tobacco literature, the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire (SCQ; Brandon & Baker, 1991) is a tool used to assess this construct. Despite its common use, the SCQ has received little psychometric evaluation. In the current report, samples from 2 studies were used to examine the assumed SCQ structure, develop a novel truncated scale, and evaluate the psychometric properties of the novel scale. In Study 1, the 4-factor SCQ structure was examined using data from 343 (32...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782977/using-the-comparison-curve-fix-index-ccfi-in-taxometric-analyses-averaging-curves-standard-errors-and-ccfi-profiles
#6
John Ruscio, Lauren M Carney, Lindsay Dever, Melissa Pliskin, Shirley B Wang
Determining whether a construct is more appropriately conceptualized and assessed in a categorical or a dimensional manner has received considerable research attention in recent years. There are a variety of statistical techniques to address this empirically, and Meehl's (1995) taxometric method has been among the most widely used methods applied to constructs in the areas of personality and psychopathology. In taxometric analysis, the comparison curve fit index (CCFI; Ruscio, Ruscio, & Meron, 2007) is an objective measure of whether parallel analysis of categorical or dimensional comparison data better reproduce empirical data results...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782976/the-observability-of-problem-behavior-and-its-relation-to-discrepancies-between-adolescents-self-report-and-parents-proxy-report-on-problem-behavior
#7
Marc Vierhaus, Jana Elisa Rueth, Arnold Lohaus
This study provides evidence regarding the relatedness of multi-informant agreement and perceived observability of internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors. Based on 2 distinct but comparable samples of children/adolescents (Sample 1: 58.2% female and mean age of 12.51 years; Sample 2: 56.4% female and mean age of 12.35 years) and their mothers, cross-sectional as well as longitudinal analyses were conducted. Although often suggested in the literature, the results of the study do not indicate that-in general-internalizing behavior is less observable than externalizing behavior...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650190/a-method-for-characterizing-semantic-and-lexical-properties-of-sentence-completions-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Matthew J Kmiecik, Barry N Rodgers, David M Martinez, Sandra B Chapman, Daniel C Krawczyk
Clinical investigations of individuals with chronic stage traumatic brain injury (TBI) showing mild-to-moderate levels of residual impairment largely use standardized neuropsychological assessments to measure executive functioning. The Hayling Sentence Completion Test (HSCT) relies upon several executive functions but detects cognitive impairments across studies inconsistently. We sought to (a) further characterize sentence completions on the HSCT by quantifying their semantic and lexical properties and (b) investigate cognitive components important for HSCT performance...
June 26, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893229/measurement-invariance-of-the-yale-food-addiction-scale-2-0-across-gender-and-racial-groups
#9
Meagan M Carr, Pelin D Catak, Megan C Pejsa-Reitz, Karen K Saules, Ashley N Gearhardt
Food addiction describes a psychological and behavioral eating pattern that is similar to the experience of those compulsively taking drugs of abuse. Recent developments related to food addiction, including the development and validation of an updated measure (Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0; Gearhardt, Corbin, & Brownell, 2016), have increased knowledge as to the prevalence and associated correlates of food addiction. However, less is known about the phenomenological experience of food addiction in diverse samples or how the existing measure of food addiction performs in heterogeneous samples...
August 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893226/the-relation-between-the-bifactor-model-of-the-youth-psychopathic-traits-inventory-and-conduct-problems-in-adolescence-variations-across-gender-ethnic-background-and-age
#10
Wendy Zwaanswijk, Violaine C Veen, Mitch van Geel, Henrik Andershed, Paul Vedder
The current study examines how the bifactor model of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) is related to conduct problems in a sample of Dutch adolescents (N = 2,874; 43% female). It addresses to what extent the YPI dimensions explain variance over and above a General Psychopathy factor (i.e., one factor related to all items) and how the general factor and dimensional factors are related to conduct problems. Group differences in these relations for gender, ethnic background, and age were examined. Results showed that the general factor is most important, but dimensions explain variance over and above the general factor...
August 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831726/woodcock-johnson-iii-kaufman-adolescent-and-adult-intelligence-test-kait-kaufman-assessment-battery-for-children-kabc-and-differential-ability-scales-das-support-carroll-but-not-cattell-horn
#11
Jeffrey M Cucina, Garett N Howardson
Recently emerging evidence suggests that the dominant structural model of mental abilities-the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) model-may not adequately account for observed scores for mental abilities batteries, leading scholars to call into question the model's validity. Establishing the robustness of these findings is important since CHC is the foundation for several contemporary mental abilities test batteries, such as the Woodcock-Johnson III (WJ-III). Using confirmatory factor analysis, we investigated CHC's robustness across 4 archival samples of mental abilities test battery data, including the WJ-III, the Kaufman Adolescent & Adult Intelligence Test (KAIT), the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (KABC), and the Differential Ability Scales (DAS)...
August 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797551/narcissism-and-response-validity-do-individuals-with-narcissistic-features-underreport-psychopathology
#12
Chelsea E Sleep, Martin Sellbom, W Keith Campbell, Joshua D Miller
Narcissism is broadly described as a grandiose sense of self, feelings of entitlement, and a need for attention and admiration. Theorists have long suggested that to maintain an overly positive self-image, individuals with narcissistic features often self-enhance (Leary, 2007) and exhibit distorted (John & Robins, 1994) self-perceptions. Despite this theoretical link, little is known about its relationship to response style, particularly in regard to underreporting or defensiveness. Nevertheless, response style has been extensively studied in psychopathy, narcissism's closest neighbor, due to concerns that psychopathic individuals may lack insight into their traits and/or may be unwilling to admit to perceived faults or difficulties...
August 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748618/development-of-an-inconsistent-responding-scale-for-the-triarchic-psychopathy-measure
#13
Elyse N Mowle, Shannon E Kelley, John F Edens, M Brent Donnellan, Shannon Toney Smith, Dustin B Wygant, Martin Sellbom
Inconsistent or careless responding to self-report measures is estimated to occur in approximately 10% of university research participants and may be even more common among offender populations. Inconsistent responding may be a result of a number of factors including inattentiveness, reading or comprehension difficulties, and cognitive impairment. Many stand-alone personality scales used in applied and research settings, however, do not include validity indicators to help identify inattentive response patterns...
August 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736126/the-factor-structure-of-the-values-in-action-inventory-of-strengths-via-is-an-item-level-exploratory-structural-equation-modeling-esem-bifactor-analysis
#14
Vincent Ng, Mengyang Cao, Herbert W Marsh, Louis Tay, Martin E P Seligman
The factor structure of the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS; Peterson & Seligman, 2004) has not been well established as a result of methodological challenges primarily attributable to a global positivity factor, item cross-loading across character strengths, and questions concerning the unidimensionality of the scales assessing character strengths. We sought to overcome these methodological challenges by applying exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) at the item level using a bifactor analytic approach to a large sample of 447,573 participants who completed the VIA-IS with all 240 character strengths items and a reduced set of 107 unidimensional character strength items...
August 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736125/positive-and-negative-evaluation-of-relationships-development-and-validation-of-the-positive-negative-relationship-quality-pn-rq-scale
#15
Ronald D Rogge, Frank D Fincham, Dev Crasta, Michael R Maniaci
Three studies were undertaken to develop the Positive-Negative Relationship Quality scale (PN-RQ), conceptualizing relationship quality as a bidimensional construct in which the positive qualities of a relationship are treated as distinct from its negative qualities. Analyses in emerging adults (Study 1: N = 1,814), in online respondents (Study 2: N = 787) with a 2-week follow-up, and in a single group pre-intervention-post-intervention study (Study 3: N = 54) of the Promoting Awareness, Improving Relationships (PAIR) program provided support for (a) positive and negative qualities as distinct dimensions via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), (b) the PN-RQ representing an item response theory-optimized measure of these 2 dimensions, (c) substantive differences between indifferent (low positive and negative qualities) and ambivalent (high positive and negative qualities) relationships potentially obscured by unidimensional scales, (d) high levels of responsiveness of the PN-RQ scales to change over time, (e) the unique predictive validity offered over time by the PN-RQ scores beyond that offered by scores of current unidimensional measures of relationship quality, and (f) the unique longitudinal information gained by using the PN-RQ as a bidimensional outcome measure in an intervention study...
August 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736124/factor-structure-of-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-a-population-based-sample
#16
Rose Coates, Susan Ayers, Richard de Visser
To demonstrate validity, questionnaires should measure the same construct in different groups and across time. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was designed as a unidimensional scale, but factor analyses of the EPDS have been equivocal, and demonstrate other structures: this may be because of sample characteristics and timing of administration. We aimed to examine the factor structure of the EPDS in pregnancy and postpartum at 4 time-points in a large population-based sample. We carried out exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis on the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children sample (n = 11,195-12,166) randomly split in 2...
August 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656902/sensing-emotion-in-voices-negativity-bias-and-gender-differences-in-a-validation-study-of-the-oxford-vocal-oxvoc-sounds-database
#17
Katherine S Young, Christine E Parsons, Richard T LeBeau, Benjamin A Tabak, Amy R Sewart, Alan Stein, Morten L Kringelbach, Michelle G Craske
Emotional expressions are an essential element of human interactions. Recent work has increasingly recognized that emotional vocalizations can color and shape interactions between individuals. Here we present data on the psychometric properties of a recently developed database of authentic nonlinguistic emotional vocalizations from human adults and infants (the Oxford Vocal 'OxVoc' Sounds Database; Parsons, Young, Craske, Stein, & Kringelbach, 2014). In a large sample (n = 562), we demonstrate that adults can reliably categorize these sounds (as 'positive,' 'negative,' or 'sounds with no emotion'), and rate valence in these sounds consistently over time...
August 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643793/measuring-adult-picky-eating-the-development-of-a-multidimensional-self-report-instrument
#18
Jordan M Ellis, Amy T Galloway, Rose Mary Webb, Denise M Martz
A brief multidimensional measure of adult picky eating (PE) behavior was developed using a large U.S. adult sample. In addition, the study explored associations between specific aspects of adult PE behavior and psychosocial impairment in effort to support the inclusion of adults in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). The study included 3 phases of qualitative and quantitative data collection. Participants were 1,663 U...
August 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643792/the-children-intimate-relationships-and-conflictual-life-events-circle-interview-for-simultaneous-measurement-of-intimate-partner-and-parent-to-child-aggression
#19
Amy D Marshall, Mark E Feinberg, Damon E Jones, Daniel R Chote
Despite substantial rates of parent to child aggression (PCA) and intimate partner aggression (IPA) co-occurrence within families, the co-occurrence of PCA and IPA within incidents of aggression has not previously been examined. To do so, we developed the Children, Intimate Relationships, and Conflictual Life Events (CIRCLE) interview to simultaneously measure incidents of psychological and physical PCA and IPA. The CIRCLE interview was administered quarterly for approximately 1 year to 109 women and 94 men from 111 couples with a first born child approximately 32 months of age at study initiation...
August 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845527/using-symptom-and-interference-questionnaires-to-identify-recovery-among-children-with-anxiety-disorders
#20
Rachel Evans, Kerstin Thirlwall, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell
Questionnaires are widely used in routine clinical practice to assess treatment outcomes for children with anxiety disorders. This study was conducted to determine whether 2 widely used child and parent report questionnaires of child anxiety symptoms and interference (Spence Child Anxiety Scale [SCAS-C/P] and Child Anxiety Impact Scale [CAIS-C/P]) accurately identify recovery from common child anxiety disorder diagnoses as measured by a 'gold-standard' diagnostic interview. Three hundred thirty-seven children (7-12 years, 51% female) and their parents completed the ADIS-IV-C/P diagnostic interview and questionnaire measures (SCAS-C/P and CAIS-C/P) before (Time 1) and after (Time 2) treatment or wait-list...
July 2017: Psychological Assessment
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