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Psychological Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130695/a-test-of-the-empirical-profile-and-coherence-of-the-dsm-5-psychopathy-specifier
#1
Joshua D Miller, Joanna Lamkin, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) introduced a psychopathy specifier (DSM-5 PS) as part of the Section III diagnostic model of antisocial personality disorder. Designed to capture the construct of fearless dominance/boldness, the DSM-5 PS is assessed on the basis of the presence of low scores on traits of withdrawal and anxiousness, and high scores on attention seeking. These constructs have garnered attention in the past decade but are the subject of substantial debate as to their role in the conceptualization and assessment of psychopathy, given their limited relations to the maladaptive outcomes typically associated with this personality disorder...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130694/initial-validation-of-brief-measures-of-suicide-risk-factors-common-data-elements-used-by-the-military-suicide-research-consortium
#2
Fallon B Ringer, Kelly A Soberay, Megan L Rogers, Christopher R Hagan, Carol Chu, Matt Schneider, Matthew C Podlogar, Tracy Witte, Jill Holm-Denoma, E Ashby Plant, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner
The Military Suicide Research Consortium (MSRC) developed a 57-item questionnaire assessing suicide risk factors, referred to as the Common Data Elements (CDEs), in order to facilitate data sharing and improve collaboration across independent studies. All studies funded by MSRC are required to include the CDEs in their assessment protocol. The CDEs include shortened measures of the following: current and past suicide risk, lethality and intent of past suicide attempts, hopelessness, thwarted belongingness, anxiety sensitivity, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, traumatic brain injury, insomnia, and alcohol abuse...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072481/classification-accuracy-of-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-mmpi-2-restructured-form-validity-scales-in-detecting-malingered-pain-related-disability
#3
Kevin J Bianchini, Luis E Aguerrevere, Kelly L Curtis, Tresa M Roebuck-Spencer, F Charles Frey, Kevin W Greve, Matthew Calamia
The symptom reports of individuals with chronic pain are multidimensional (e.g., emotional, cognitive, and somatic) and significantly contribute to increased morbidity and lost work productivity. When pain occurs in the context of a legally compensable event, reliable assessment of a patient's multifactorial symptom experience during psychological or neuropsychological evaluations is a necessity. The Validity Scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) have been shown useful in identifying symptom overreporting and feigning within chronic pain samples and a number of studies have emerged supporting the use of the MMPI-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) in the detection of simulated or feigned impairment in a variety of populations...
October 26, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048178/the-uncertainty-of-psychological-and-psychiatric-diagnoses
#4
Andreas Mokros, Elmar Habermeyer, Helmut Küchenhoff
Psychiatric and psychological diagnoses are imperfect. Unlike somatic medicine, most psychological and psychiatric phenomena have no gold standard to establish their presence beyond reasonable doubt. Consequently, prevalence estimates are based on the average agreement of imperfect evaluators. Küchenhoff, Augustin, and Kunz (2012) provided a statistical method for estimating confidence intervals of the prevalence based on the well-known kappa coefficient of interrater agreement. We expand this method and derive confidence intervals for the probability of a diagnosis being true (i...
October 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125248/development-of-the-cogniphobia-scale-for-headache-disorders-cs-hd-a-pilot-study
#5
Elizabeth K Seng, Jaclyn E Klepper
Cogniphobia refers to the specific fear and avoidance of cognitive exertion, which is believed to precipitate or exacerbate headache. This parallels a well-documented phenomenon, kinesiophobia (fear of movement), in chronic pain. The existing measure of cogniphobia (C-Scale) was developed in persons with posttraumatic headache, and item content may not generalize to the broader headache population. This study aimed to develop and begin the initial examination of the psychometrics of a novel measure of cogniphobia for headache disorders: The Cogniphobia Scale for Headache Disorders (CS-HD)...
October 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080106/validity-of-the-brief-symptom-inventory-18-bsi-18-for-identifying-depression-and-anxiety-in-young-adult-cancer-survivors-comparison-with-a-structured-clinical-diagnostic-interview
#6
Christopher J Recklitis, Jaime E Blackmon, Grace Chang
The Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) is widely used to assess psychological symptoms in cancer survivors, but the validity of conventional BSI-18 cut-off scores in this population has been questioned. This study assessed the accuracy of the BSI-18 for identifying significant anxiety and depression in young adult cancer survivors (YACS), by comparing it with a "gold standard" diagnostic interview measure. Two hundred fifty YACS, age 18-40 completed the BSI-18 and the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; SCID) interview assessing anxiety and depressive disorders...
October 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918174/evaluation-of-the-children-s-depression-inventory-short-version-cdi-s
#7
Johan Ahlen, Ata Ghaderi
The Children's Depression Inventory-Short Version (CDI-S), an abbreviated version of the widely used Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), has been regularly used in recent research. In comparison to the original CDI, the CDI-S has not been rigorously evaluated for its psychometrics. The present study examined the dimensionality, convergent and discriminant validity, and gender differences of the CDI-S in a school-based sample of 809 children 8-12 years of age. All children completed the CDI-S. One subsample additionally completed another measure of depression, 1 subsample completed a measure of anxiety, and 1 subsample completed the CDI-S at a second occasion, after 2 weeks...
September 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893228/ethnic-identity-factor-structure-and-measurement-invariance-across-ethnic-groups
#8
Jennifer Feitosa, Christina N Lacerenza, Dana L Joseph, Eduardo Salas
Considering a historically diversified (and growing) population in the United States, one's ethnic identification is often an important psychological-as well as social and political-construct because it can serve as a hindrance to interpersonal interaction. Despite the importance of ethnic identity in psychological research, the most widely developed ethnic identity measurement tool, the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM; Phinney, 1992), lacks consensus regarding its psychometric properties. The purpose of this article is to identify the factor structure of this measure and identify whether it exhibits measurement equivalence/invariance (ME/I) across ethnicities...
September 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893227/a-measure-of-perceived-family-stigma-validity-in-a-military-sample
#9
Anne Q Zhou, Julia M Whealin, Chun Wang, Richard M Lee
The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the newly developed Perceived Family Stigma Scale (PFSS) in a diverse sample of 623 military veterans. The PFSS is a 4-item scale that has acceptable internal consistency (α = .86) and strong interitem correlations (r = .51 to .76). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated the single factor model was a good fit statistically (χ2[df = 2, N = 620] = .34, p = .84) and descriptively (CFI = 1.00, RMSEA < .001). Multigroup CFA was performed to test the measurement invariance of the PFSS across demographic indicators...
September 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831728/target-informant-and-meta-perceptual-ratings-of-maladaptive-traits
#10
Matthew M Yalch, Christopher J Hopwood
Target-informant agreement about target personality traits can depend on the nature of the traits being considered, whether or not targets or informants are asked to take into account the other's point of view, and the relationship between the informant and the target. This study sought to further explore these patterns by extending existing research in 3 ways in a sample of 335 targets and 548 informants. First, unlike previous research that has focused nearly exclusively on normal range traits with potentially limited clinical relevance or personality disorder categories with questionable validity, we assessed personality using a comprehensive model of maladaptive traits...
September 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831727/the-assessment-of-executive-functions-using-the-basc-2
#11
Justin E Karr, Mauricio A Garcia-Barrera
Using items embedded in the first edition of the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC), a recent line of research has consistently replicated a behavioral screener for the assessment of executive functions, termed the BASC-EF. This screener has demonstrated strong evidence of reliability and validity in its evaluation of 4 posited executive-related factors (i.e., problem solving and attentional, behavioral, and emotional control); however, researchers and clinicians often use more recent editions of the BASC in both science and practice...
September 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819437/using-dynamic-factor-analysis-to-provide-insights-into-data-reliability-in-experience-sampling-studies
#12
Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Linda Hartley-Clark, Robert A Cummins, Adrian J Tomyn, Melissa K Weinberg, Ben Richardson
The past 2 decades have seen increasing use of experience sampling methods (ESMs) to gain insights into the daily experience of affective states (e.g., its variability, as well as antecedents and consequences of temporary shifts in affect). Much less attention has been given to methodological challenges, such as how to ensure reliability of test scores obtained using ESM. The present study demonstrates the use of dynamic factor analysis (DFA) to quantify reliability of test scores in ESM contexts, evaluates the potential impact of unreliable test scores, and seeks to identify characteristics of individuals that may account for their unreliable test scores...
September 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819436/does-reassessment-of-risk-improve-predictions-a-framework-and-examination-of-the-savry-and-yls-cmi
#13
Jodi L Viljoen, Andrew L Gray, Catherine Shaffer, Aisha Bhanwer, Donna Tafreshi, Kevin S Douglas
Although experts recommend regularly reassessing adolescents' risk for violence, it is unclear whether reassessment improves predictions. Thus, in this prospective study, the authors tested 3 hypotheses as to why reassessment might improve predictions, namely the shelf-life, dynamic change, and familiarity hypotheses. Research assistants (RAs) rated youth on the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) and the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) every 3 months over a 1-year period, conducting 624 risk assessments with 156 youth on probation...
September 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797553/personality-in-general-and-clinical-samples-measurement-invariance-of-the-multidimensional-personality-questionnaire
#14
Annemarie Eigenhuis, Jan H Kamphuis, Arjen Noordhof
A growing body of research suggests that the same general dimensions can describe normal and pathological personality, but most of the supporting evidence is exploratory. We aim to determine in a confirmatory framework the extent to which responses on the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ) are identical across general and clinical samples. We tested the Dutch brief form of the MPQ (MPQ-BF-NL) for measurement invariance across a general population subsample (N = 365) and a clinical sample (N = 365), using Multiple Group Confirmatory Factor Analysis (MGCFA) and Multiple Group Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (MGESEM)...
September 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797552/factor-structure-of-the-emotions-as-a-child-scale-in-late-adolescence-and-emerging-adulthood
#15
Jinhong Guo, Sylvie Mrug, David C Knight
Although the Emotions as a Child Scale (EAC) has been widely used in research with children and adolescents, no peer-reviewed studies have examined its factor structure using factor analytic methods. Likewise, the measurement equivalence of the scale across gender and race/ethnicity has never been investigated. To address these gaps, this study examines the factor structure of the scale in late adolescence and emerging adulthood, compares it to previous theory-driven models, and evaluates its measurement invariance across gender and 2 racial/ethnic groups...
September 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736123/elaborating-on-the-construct-validity-of-triarchic-psychopathy-measure-in-chinese-clinical-and-nonclinical-samples
#16
Yiyun Shou, Martin Sellbom, Jing Xu, Tunong Chen, Aiping Sui
The contemporary knowledge of the construct and operationalization of psychopathy in East Asian countries is still limited. The present paper examines the validity and applicability of the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM) based on the triarchic model of psychopathy in Chinese clinical and nonclinical samples. The results of Study 1 using a psychiatric patient sample (N = 193) showed that the pattern of associations between the TriPM scales (Boldness, Meanness, and Disinhibition) and the 3 factors (Egocentricity, Callous, and Antisocial) of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale were similar to previous studies using English-speaking samples...
September 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795825/development-and-validation-of-the-forms-of-self-criticizing-attacking-and-self-reassuring-scale-short-form
#17
Marion Sommers-Spijkerman, Hester Trompetter, Peter Ten Klooster, Karlein Schreurs, Paul Gilbert, Ernst Bohlmeijer
Studies investigating the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) are growing rapidly. As CFT is oriented toward helping people deal with internal processes of self-to-self-relating, having instruments to measure these processes is important. The 22-item Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) has been found a useful measure. In the present study, a 14-item short form of the FSCRS (FSCRS-SF) suited to studies requiring brief measures was developed and tested in a Dutch community sample (N = 363), and cross-validated in a sample consisting of participants in a study on the effectiveness of a guided self-help compassion training (N = 243)...
August 10, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782981/an-examination-of-the-precision-of-the-autism-diagnostic-observation-schedule-using-item-response-theory
#18
Megan Kuhfeld, Alexandra Sturm
The current study examined the reliability of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) across the continuum of severity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) core deficits. Modules 3 and 4 of the ADOS assess the deficits of ASD in 2 core domains (Social Affect and Restrictive and Repetitive Behaviors [RRB]) among verbally fluent children, adolescents, and adults, and ADOS diagnostic classification of ASD is based on a total score that combines the 2 domains. Currently, the total and domain scores are calculated using only a subset of the administered items...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782980/psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-adolescent-stress-questionnaire-asq-s
#19
Juan F Lima, Rafael Alarcón, Milagros Escobar, F Javier Fernández-Baena, Ángela M Muñoz, María J Blanca
The aim of this study was to develop a Spanish version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire and to examine its psychometric properties: factor structure, measurement invariance across samples, reliability, and concurrent validity. Participants consisted of 1,560 Spanish students between 12 and 18 years of age. The results support a structure based on 10 first-order factors (corresponding to stressors on the dimensions Home Life, School Performance, School Attendance, Romantic Relationships, Peer Pressure, Teacher Interaction, Future Uncertainty, School/Leisure Conflict, Financial Pressure, and Emerging Adult Responsibility) and 1 second-order factor that subsumes the first-order factors...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782979/the-junior-temperament-and-character-inventory-jtci-psychometric-properties-of-multi-informant-ratings
#20
Karin Boson, Sven Brändström, Sören Sigvardsson
The aims of the study were (a) to establish norms for the Swedish child self-report and caregiver rating versions of the Junior and Temperament Character Inventory (JTCI) among young adolescents, (b) to investigate its psychometric properties, and (c) to investigate congruence between children's self-reports and caregivers' ratings of a child's personality. The sample was a general population of 1,046 children ages 12-14 years and 654 caregivers. The JTCI was found to be reliable on all dimensions except Persistence in the child self-report version...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
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