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Psychological Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504539/identification-of-questionable-data-using-validity-indices-and-item-response-theory-methods-examinations-with-a-teacher-rating-scale
#1
Christine DiStefano, Jin Liu, Fred Greer
To assess quality, psychological instruments often include additional scales or validity indices to alert users to the presence of questionable data. Although identified cases are often scrutinized further or removed, it is not fully understood how such cases may affect overall analyses if retained. Using a teacher-report instrument of child behavior, this study examined 5 different validity indices: F-Index, Consistency Index, Response Pattern Index, Rasch Outfit, and Rasch Infit. Results showed that methods largely did not identify similar cases...
May 15, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504538/self-efficacy-for-coping-with-cancer-revision-of-the-cancer-behavior-inventory-version-3-0
#2
Thomas V Merluzzi, Errol J Philip, Carolyn A Heitzmann Ruhf, Haiyan Liu, Miao Yang, Claire C Conley
Based on self-regulation and self-efficacy theories, the Cancer Behavior Inventory (CBI; Heitzmann et al., 2011; Merluzzi & Martinez Sanchez, 1997; Merluzzi, Nairn, Hegde, Martinez Sanchez, & Dunn, 2001) was developed as a measure of self-efficacy strategies for coping with cancer. In the latest revision, CBI-V3.0, a number of psychometric and empirical advances were made: (a) the reading level was reduced to 6th-grade level; (b) individual interviews and focus groups were used to revise items; (c) a new spiritual coping subscale was added; (d) data were collected from 4 samples (total N = 1,405) to conduct an exploratory factor analysis with targeted rotation, 2 confirmatory factor analyses, and differential item functioning; (e) item trimming was used to reduce the total number to 27; (f) internal consistency and test-retest reliability were computed; and (g) extensive validity testing was conducted...
May 15, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504537/a-tale-of-two-measures-concordance-between-the-arsma-ii-and-the-biq-acculturation-scales-among-latino-immigrant-families
#3
Charles R Martinez, Seth J Schwartz, Michael Thier, Heather H McClure
Acculturation refers to the extent to which an individual immigrant (or immigrant group) acquires the customs and characteristics of a new receiving society and/or retains the customs and characteristics of the person's or group's cultural heritage. Different acculturation measures are often assumed to be interchangeable, although this assumption is rarely tested empirically. The purpose of the present study was to examine the overlap between 2 commonly used measures of acculturation among individuals of Latino/Hispanic ancestry in the United States, the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans II (ARSMA-II) and the Bicultural Involvement Questionnaire-Short Version (BIQ-S)...
May 15, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493729/the-clinician-administered-ptsd-scale-for-dsm-5-caps-5-development-and-initial-psychometric-evaluation-in-military-veterans
#4
Frank W Weathers, Michelle J Bovin, Daniel J Lee, Denise M Sloan, Paula P Schnurr, Danny G Kaloupek, Terence M Keane, Brian P Marx
The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) is an extensively validated and widely used structured diagnostic interview for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The CAPS was recently revised to correspond with PTSD criteria in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). This article describes the development of the CAPS for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) and presents the results of an initial psychometric evaluation of CAPS-5 scores in 2 samples of military veterans (Ns = 165 and 207)...
May 11, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481578/testing-measurement-invariance-of-the-upps-p-impulsive-behavior-scale-in-hispanic-latino-and-non-hispanic-latino-college-students
#5
Angela K Stevens, Brittany E Blanchard, Molin Shi, Andrew K Littlefield
The National Institutes of Health's (NIH) PhenX Toolkit has recognized the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale as a recommended measure of impulsive dispositions, as this framework for impulsivity-like traits has demonstrated strong psychometric properties across a variety of samples and exhibited measurement and structural invariance across males and females. Impulsivity-like facets, as assessed by this measure, have also demonstrated robust relations to alcohol and substance use. However, racial and ethnic differences in impulsivity have largely been neglected in the literature...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481577/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-loss-of-face-scale
#6
Frederick T L Leong, Barbara M Byrne, Erin E Hardin, Huaiyu Zhang, Sinhui Chong
Face and loss of face (LOF) are important social and clinical constructs in many cultures. The present study evaluated the psychometric properties of the LOF Scale in 4 samples of European Americans and Asian Americans with a total of 2,057 participants. We found LOF Scale scores to have high internal reliability across all samples. Confirmatory factor analyses comparing 1- and 2-factor models supported a 1-factor structure for both European and Asian Americans, albeit 4 items (Items 3, 13, 14, and 20) were found to be noninvariant across the 2 groups...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481576/evaluation-of-a-four-item-dsm-5-limited-prosocial-emotions-specifier-scale-within-and-across-settings-with-spanish-children
#7
Raquel Seijas, Mateu Servera, Gloria GarcĂ­a-Banda, Christopher T Barry, G Leonard Burns
The objective was to evaluate a 4-item measure of the DSM-5 Limited Prosocial Emotions (LPE) specifier (a 4-item measure of prosocial emotions). Mothers, fathers, primary teachers, and ancillary teachers completed measures of prosocial emotions (PE), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-inattention (IN), ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI), academic and social impairment on 811 Spanish first-grade children (46% girls). Confirmatory factor and structural regression analyses showed PE symptom scores to have (a) good reliability for the 4 sources (80% to 89% true score variance), (b) invariance of like-symptom loadings and intercepts across the 4 sources, (c) strong convergent and discriminant validity within home and school settings, (d) no convergent validity across settings, and (e) associations with academic and social impairment independent of the ODD dimension (the unique effects of PE also remained significant after controlling for ODD, ADHD-IN, and ADHD-HI for mothers and ancillary teachers)...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447813/using-response-time-data-to-reduce-testing-time-in-cognitive-tests
#8
Maria Bertling, Jonathan P Weeks
Achievement estimates are often based on either number correct scores or IRT-based ability parameters. Van der Linden (2007) and other researchers (e.g., Fox, Klein Entink, & van der Linden, 2007; Ranger, 2013) have developed psychometric models that allow for joint estimation of speed and item parameters using both response times and response data. This paper presents an application of this type of approach to a battery of 4 types of fluid reasoning measures, administered to a large sample of a highly educated examinees...
April 27, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425726/comparisons-between-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-adolescent-restructured-form-mmpi-a-rf-and-mmpi-a-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients
#9
John M Stokes, David L Pogge, Robert P Archer
This study explored the association between the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-Adolescent-Restructured Form (MMPI-A-RF) and the MMPI-Adolescent (MMPI-A) form in a sample of 3,516 adolescents receiving inpatient psychiatric treatment, including 2,798 adolescents meeting validity inclusion cutoffs for both measures. There was 92.5% agreement rate with respect to global identification of cases as valid or invalid and some empirical support for lowering interpretive cutoffs for validity scales on the MMPI-A-RF...
April 20, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406672/measuring-working-memory-in-the-spanish-population-validation-of-a-multiple-shortened-complex-span-task
#10
Mireia Felez-Nobrega, Jeffrey L Foster, Anna Puig-Ribera, Christopher Draheim, Charles H Hillman
Working memory plays a key role in cognition as it is a major predictor of a wide range of higher order abilities and behaviors typical to daily life. Shorter versions of the complex span tasks (CSTs) have been recently developed, allowing for the reduction of test administration time without affecting validity and reliability in the measurement of working memory capacity (WMC). However, these short versions have not been validated for the Spanish-speaking population. The present work aimed to validate an English version of the shortened CSTs into Spanish in a sample of 325 university students (40% female; mean age = 21...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406671/a-comparison-of-self-report-measures-of-psychopathy-among-nonforensic-samples-using-item-response-theory-analyses
#11
Siny Tsang, Randall T Salekin, C Adam Coffey, Jennifer Cox
This study investigated how well components of the psychopathy trait are measured among college students with the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (LSRP), the Personality Assessment Inventory-Antisocial Features Scale (PAI ANT), the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Short Form (PPI-SF), and the Self-Report Psychopathy Scale-II (SRP-II). Using Samejima (1969)'s graded response model (GRM), the subscales were found to vary in their ability to measure the corresponding latent traits. The LSRP primary psychopathy factor is more precise in measuring the latent trait than the secondary psychopathy factor...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406670/latent-difference-score-modeling-a-flexible-approach-for-studying-informant-discrepancies
#12
Amaranta de Haan, Peter Prinzie, Miranda Sentse, Joran Jongerling
The current study proposes a flexible approach to studying informant discrepancies: Latent Difference Scores modeling (LDS). The LDS approach is demonstrated using an empirical example in which associations between mother-adolescent and father-adolescent discrepant parenting perceptions, and concurrent and later adolescent externalizing behaviors, were investigated. Early adolescents (N = 477, aged 12-15 years), mothers (N = 470), and fathers (N = 440) filled out questionnaires about mothers' and fathers' parenting...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406669/methodology-of-performance-scoring-in-the-d2-sustained-attention-test-cumulative-reliability-functions-and-practical-guidelines
#13
Michael B Steinborn, Robert Langner, Hagen C Flehmig, Lynn Huestegge
We provide a psychometric analysis of commonly used performance indices of the d2 sustained-attention test, and give methodical guidelines and recommendations, based on this research. We examined experimental effects of repeated testing on performance speed and accuracy (omission and commission errors), and further evaluated aspects of test reliability by means of cumulative reliability function (CRF) analysis. These aspects were also examined for a number of alternative (yet commonly used) scoring techniques and valuation methods...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383930/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-adults-psychometric-validation-of-the-adult-concentration-inventory
#14
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Annie A Garner, Matthew A Jarrett, Aaron M Luebbe, Jeffery N Epstein, Erik G Willcutt
As interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) increases, a primary limitation for the field is the lack of a unified set of symptoms for assessing SCT. No existing SCT measure includes all items identified in a recent meta-analysis as optimal for distinguishing between SCT and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) inattention. This study evaluates a new self-report measure for assessing SCT in adulthood, the Adult Concentration Inventory (ACI), which was developed in response to the meta-analytic findings for assessing SCT...
April 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383929/personality-strengths-in-romantic-relationships-measuring-perceptions-of-benefits-and-costs-and-their-impact-on-personal-and-relational-well-being
#15
Todd B Kashdan, Dan V Blalock, Kevin C Young, Kyla A Machell, Samuel S Monfort, Patrick E McKnight, Patty Ferssizidis
Three studies using samples of people in romantic relationships were conducted to create a new individual difference measure of partner strengths in couples. The 2 perceptions of partner strengths included (1) appreciation of their use and effectiveness and (2) recognition of costs associated with their use. Factor analyses supported 2-factors and we found that greater appreciation of partner strengths predicted greater relationship satisfaction, commitment, investment, intimacy, self-expansion, and support for goal pursuit; recognizing significant costs with partner strengths was inversely related to several outcomes...
April 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368173/the-cross-cultural-generalizability-of-the-psychopathy-checklist-youth-version-for-adjudicated-indigenous-youth
#16
Evan C McCuish, Jeffrey R Mathesius, Patrick Lussier, Raymond R Corrado
There is a paucity of Indigenous-specific research examining the reliability and validity of assessment tools routinely utilized within the justice system. Evaluating the cross-cultural reliability and validity of such tools is important for establishing generalizability as part of ethical practices; this is particularly important to address within Canada's Indigenous youth population because of longstanding effects of colonization, structural adversities, and overrepresentation in the youth justice system and the possible long-term impact of improper assessment on adult outcomes...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368172/construct-validity-of-the-g-cpaq-and-its-mediating-role-in-pain-interference-and-adjustment
#17
Vasilis S Vasiliou, Maria Karekla, Michalis P Michaelides, Orestis Kasinopoulos
The Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ) is a measure of pain acceptance comprised of pain willingness (PW) and activity engagement (AE; McCracken et al., 2004). Concerns about the factorial structure of the CPAQ exist, as it is not yet clear whether PW and AE constitute 2 independent constructs or 1, pain acceptance. Concerns also exist about the internal and predictive validity of test score interpretations of this measure. This study also presents that the choice of predictor variables has contributed to theoretical confusion regarding the impact of pain acceptance on pain-related adjustment...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368171/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-markers-of-future-suicidal-behavior-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-hospital
#18
Anthony M Tarescavage, David M Glassmire, Danielle Burchett
Past research indicates a need to integrate objective psychological testing with clinical interview data during suicide risk assessment. The current study evaluated the utility of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) in the prediction of future suicidal behaviors in a sample of 1,110 forensic inpatients (807 males, 303 females). Results indicated that scales from all substantive domains of the MMPI-2-RF were significantly positively associated with future suicidal behaviors...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368170/computerized-scoring-algorithms-for-the-autobiographical-memory-test
#19
Keisuke Takano, Charlotte Gutenbrunner, Kris Martens, Karen Salmon, Filip Raes
Reduced specificity of autobiographical memories is a hallmark of depressive cognition. Autobiographical memory (AM) specificity is typically measured by the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT), in which respondents are asked to describe personal memories in response to emotional cue words. Due to this free descriptive responding format, the AMT relies on experts' hand scoring for subsequent statistical analyses. This manual coding potentially impedes research activities in big data analytics such as large epidemiological studies...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368169/the-predictive-properties-of-dynamic-sex-offender-risk-assessment-instruments-a-meta-analysis
#20
Jan Willem van den Berg, Wineke Smid, Klaartje Schepers, Edwin Wever, Daan van Beek, Erick Janssen, Luk Gijs
This meta-analysis is the first to our knowledge to evaluate the predictive properties of dynamic sex offender risk assessment instruments, which are designed to assess factors associated with recidivism that are amenable to change. Based on 52 studies (N = 13,446), we found that dynamic risk assessment instruments have small-to-moderate predictive properties, with Cohen's d ranging between 0.71 for sexual recidivism (41 studies, 22 unique samples, N = 5,699) and 0.43 for violent (including sexual) recidivism (27 studies, 14 unique samples, N = 10,368)...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
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