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Psychological Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425726/comparisons-between-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-adolescent-restructured-form-mmpi-a-rf-and-mmpi-a-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients
#1
John M Stokes, David L Pogge, Robert P Archer
This study explored the association between the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-Adolescent-Restructured Form (MMPI-A-RF) and the MMPI-Adolescent (MMPI-A) form in a sample of 3,516 adolescents receiving inpatient psychiatric treatment, including 2,798 adolescents meeting validity inclusion cutoffs for both measures. There was 92.5% agreement rate with respect to global identification of cases as valid or invalid and some empirical support for lowering interpretive cutoffs for validity scales on the MMPI-A-RF...
April 20, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406672/measuring-working-memory-in-the-spanish-population-validation-of-a-multiple-shortened-complex-span-task
#2
Mireia Felez-Nobrega, Jeffrey L Foster, Anna Puig-Ribera, Christopher Draheim, Charles H Hillman
Working memory plays a key role in cognition as it is a major predictor of a wide range of higher order abilities and behaviors typical to daily life. Shorter versions of the complex span tasks (CSTs) have been recently developed, allowing for the reduction of test administration time without affecting validity and reliability in the measurement of working memory capacity (WMC). However, these short versions have not been validated for the Spanish-speaking population. The present work aimed to validate an English version of the shortened CSTs into Spanish in a sample of 325 university students (40% female; mean age = 21...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406671/a-comparison-of-self-report-measures-of-psychopathy-among-nonforensic-samples-using-item-response-theory-analyses
#3
Siny Tsang, Randall T Salekin, C Adam Coffey, Jennifer Cox
This study investigated how well components of the psychopathy trait are measured among college students with the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (LSRP), the Personality Assessment Inventory-Antisocial Features Scale (PAI ANT), the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Short Form (PPI-SF), and the Self-Report Psychopathy Scale-II (SRP-II). Using Samejima (1969)'s graded response model (GRM), the subscales were found to vary in their ability to measure the corresponding latent traits. The LSRP primary psychopathy factor is more precise in measuring the latent trait than the secondary psychopathy factor...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406670/latent-difference-score-modeling-a-flexible-approach-for-studying-informant-discrepancies
#4
Amaranta de Haan, Peter Prinzie, Miranda Sentse, Joran Jongerling
The current study proposes a flexible approach to studying informant discrepancies: Latent Difference Scores modeling (LDS). The LDS approach is demonstrated using an empirical example in which associations between mother-adolescent and father-adolescent discrepant parenting perceptions, and concurrent and later adolescent externalizing behaviors, were investigated. Early adolescents (N = 477, aged 12-15 years), mothers (N = 470), and fathers (N = 440) filled out questionnaires about mothers' and fathers' parenting...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406669/methodology-of-performance-scoring-in-the-d2-sustained-attention-test-cumulative-reliability-functions-and-practical-guidelines
#5
Michael B Steinborn, Robert Langner, Hagen C Flehmig, Lynn Huestegge
We provide a psychometric analysis of commonly used performance indices of the d2 sustained-attention test, and give methodical guidelines and recommendations, based on this research. We examined experimental effects of repeated testing on performance speed and accuracy (omission and commission errors), and further evaluated aspects of test reliability by means of cumulative reliability function (CRF) analysis. These aspects were also examined for a number of alternative (yet commonly used) scoring techniques and valuation methods...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383930/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-adults-psychometric-validation-of-the-adult-concentration-inventory
#6
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Annie A Garner, Matthew A Jarrett, Aaron M Luebbe, Jeffery N Epstein, Erik G Willcutt
As interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) increases, a primary limitation for the field is the lack of a unified set of symptoms for assessing SCT. No existing SCT measure includes all items identified in a recent meta-analysis as optimal for distinguishing between SCT and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) inattention. This study evaluates a new self-report measure for assessing SCT in adulthood, the Adult Concentration Inventory (ACI), which was developed in response to the meta-analytic findings for assessing SCT...
April 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383929/personality-strengths-in-romantic-relationships-measuring-perceptions-of-benefits-and-costs-and-their-impact-on-personal-and-relational-well-being
#7
Todd B Kashdan, Dan V Blalock, Kevin C Young, Kyla A Machell, Samuel S Monfort, Patrick E McKnight, Patty Ferssizidis
Three studies using samples of people in romantic relationships were conducted to create a new individual difference measure of partner strengths in couples. The 2 perceptions of partner strengths included (1) appreciation of their use and effectiveness and (2) recognition of costs associated with their use. Factor analyses supported 2-factors and we found that greater appreciation of partner strengths predicted greater relationship satisfaction, commitment, investment, intimacy, self-expansion, and support for goal pursuit; recognizing significant costs with partner strengths was inversely related to several outcomes...
April 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368173/the-cross-cultural-generalizability-of-the-psychopathy-checklist-youth-version-for-adjudicated-indigenous-youth
#8
Evan C McCuish, Jeffrey R Mathesius, Patrick Lussier, Raymond R Corrado
There is a paucity of Indigenous-specific research examining the reliability and validity of assessment tools routinely utilized within the justice system. Evaluating the cross-cultural reliability and validity of such tools is important for establishing generalizability as part of ethical practices; this is particularly important to address within Canada's Indigenous youth population because of longstanding effects of colonization, structural adversities, and overrepresentation in the youth justice system and the possible long-term impact of improper assessment on adult outcomes...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368172/construct-validity-of-the-g-cpaq-and-its-mediating-role-in-pain-interference-and-adjustment
#9
Vasilis S Vasiliou, Maria Karekla, Michalis P Michaelides, Orestis Kasinopoulos
The Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ) is a measure of pain acceptance comprised of pain willingness (PW) and activity engagement (AE; McCracken et al., 2004). Concerns about the factorial structure of the CPAQ exist, as it is not yet clear whether PW and AE constitute 2 independent constructs or 1, pain acceptance. Concerns also exist about the internal and predictive validity of test score interpretations of this measure. This study also presents that the choice of predictor variables has contributed to theoretical confusion regarding the impact of pain acceptance on pain-related adjustment...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368171/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-markers-of-future-suicidal-behavior-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-hospital
#10
Anthony M Tarescavage, David M Glassmire, Danielle Burchett
Past research indicates a need to integrate objective psychological testing with clinical interview data during suicide risk assessment. The current study evaluated the utility of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) in the prediction of future suicidal behaviors in a sample of 1,110 forensic inpatients (807 males, 303 females). Results indicated that scales from all substantive domains of the MMPI-2-RF were significantly positively associated with future suicidal behaviors...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368170/computerized-scoring-algorithms-for-the-autobiographical-memory-test
#11
Keisuke Takano, Charlotte Gutenbrunner, Kris Martens, Karen Salmon, Filip Raes
Reduced specificity of autobiographical memories is a hallmark of depressive cognition. Autobiographical memory (AM) specificity is typically measured by the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT), in which respondents are asked to describe personal memories in response to emotional cue words. Due to this free descriptive responding format, the AMT relies on experts' hand scoring for subsequent statistical analyses. This manual coding potentially impedes research activities in big data analytics such as large epidemiological studies...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368169/the-predictive-properties-of-dynamic-sex-offender-risk-assessment-instruments-a-meta-analysis
#12
Jan Willem van den Berg, Wineke Smid, Klaartje Schepers, Edwin Wever, Daan van Beek, Erick Janssen, Luk Gijs
This meta-analysis is the first to our knowledge to evaluate the predictive properties of dynamic sex offender risk assessment instruments, which are designed to assess factors associated with recidivism that are amenable to change. Based on 52 studies (N = 13,446), we found that dynamic risk assessment instruments have small-to-moderate predictive properties, with Cohen's d ranging between 0.71 for sexual recidivism (41 studies, 22 unique samples, N = 5,699) and 0.43 for violent (including sexual) recidivism (27 studies, 14 unique samples, N = 10,368)...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301196/investigation-of-factor-structure-and-measurement-invariance-by-gender-for-the-behavioral-and-emotional-screening-system-among-high-school-students
#13
Jihye Kim, Randy W Kamphaus
The Behavioral and Emotional Screening System (BESS; Kamphaus & Reynolds, 2007) is used by U.S. schools to screen students for behavioral and emotional risks. The BESS comprises a student form, a teacher form, and a parent form. We explored the factor structure of the BESS Student Form among high school students and evaluated measurement invariance by gender using multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis. The results suggested that the BESS Student Form has a 5-factor structure and holds to partial invariance by gender...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301195/mode-of-administration-effects-in-psychopathology-assessment-analyses-of-gender-age-and-education-differences-in-self-rated-versus-interview-based-depression
#14
Holly F Levin-Aspenson, David Watson
Respondents may answer sensitive questions differently depending on the mode of assessment (e.g., questionnaire, interview). The possibility of differences in these mode effects across groups is an important assessment consideration given the implications for test-score validity and bias. Although differences in mode effects are highly relevant to issues in clinical assessment, research is limited and generally fails to make use of psychometrically sound methods. The present research argues for greater attention to demographic differences in mode effects with regard to the assessment of psychopathology...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301194/risk-sophistication-treatment-inventory-self-report-rsti-sr-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-exploration-of-factor-relations
#15
Xinying Ang, Randall T Salekin, Martin Sellbom, C Adam Coffey
The RSTI-SR was recently designed to facilitate juvenile evaluations by tapping 3 pertinent juvenile psycho-legal variables including risk, developmental maturity, and treatment amenability. The present study examined the factor structure and construct validity of the RSTI-SR with 190 adolescent offenders (Mage = 15.6) who completed the RSTI-SR and a short battery of theoretically relevant psychological measures. The findings from the current study demonstrated that the proposed 3-factor model for the RSTI produced good fit to the data...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301193/an-illustration-of-the-effects-of-fluctuations-in-test-information-on-measurement-error-the-attenuation-of-effect-sizes-and-diagnostic-reliability
#16
Brian P O'Connor
Measurement precision often fluctuates across latent trait continuums. Plots of test information are typically provided in item response theory (IRT) investigations, but the numerical values for test information are not readily interpretable. This article draws attention to the important, nonlinear relationships between test information, location-specific standard errors of measurement, and location-specific reliability. It provides a method for examining the attenuation in effect sizes (correlations) that is caused by fluctuating levels of measurement error...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301192/item-ordering-and-computerized-classification-tests-with-cluster-based-scoring-an-investigation-of-the-countdown-method
#17
Matthew D Finkelman, Sarah R Lowe, Wonsuk Kim, Oliver Gruebner, Niels Smits, Sandro Galea
The countdown method is a well-known approach to reducing the average length of screening instruments that are presented by computer. In the countdown method, testing is terminated once the result of the screener ("positive" or "negative") has been unambiguously determined from prior answers. Previous research has examined whether presenting dichotomously scored items in order from "least to most frequently endorsed" or "most to least frequently endorsed" is more efficient when the countdown method is used...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301191/assessing-future-care-preparation-in-late-life-two-short-measures
#18
Silvia Sörensen, Benjamin P Chapman, Paul R Duberstein, Martin Pinquart, Jeffrey M Lyness
The purpose of this article is to introduce 2 short forms of the previously published measure of preparation for future care (PFC). Community-dwelling older adults ages 65-94 who had completed the 29-item Preparation for Future Care Needs scale were randomly divided into scale development (n = 697) and scale validation (n = 690) samples. Fifteen items were selected using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses on the scale development and scale validation samples, respectively. Consistent with PFC theory, the 5 subscales of the original long-form measure (Awareness, Gathering Information, Decision Making, Concrete Planning, Avoidance of Care Planning) were maintained...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277694/what-item-response-theory-can-tell-us-about-the-complex-span-tasks
#19
Christopher Draheim, Tyler L Harrison, Susan E Embretson, Randall W Engle
Working memory capacity is an important construct in psychology because of its relationship with many higher-order cognitive abilities and psychopathologies. Working memory capacity is often measured using a type of paradigm known as complex span. Some recent work has focused on shortening the administration time of the complex span tasks, resulting in different versions of these tasks being used (Foster et al., 2015; Oswald, McAbee, Redick, & Hambrick, 2015). Variations in the complex span tasks, such as the number of set sizes, can lead to varying power to discriminate individuals at different ability levels...
March 9, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277693/measures-of-body-image-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-association-with-disordered-eating
#20
Mia L Pellizzer, Marika Tiggemann, Glenn Waller, Tracey D Wade
The current study aimed to examine the factor structure, reliability, and validity of 3 measures of body image disturbance (body image flexibility, body avoidance, and body checking) considered to be relevant to eating disorder psychopathology, with the aim of determining the optimal structure of each for use in treatment planning and outcome monitoring. Additionally, the study aimed to identify which factors had the strongest association with disordered eating. Participants were 328 female undergraduate university students aged 17-25 years...
March 9, 2017: Psychological Assessment
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