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Journal of Cytology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701837/hodgkin-s-lymphoma-masquerading-as-suppurative-lymphadenitis
#1
Meghna Singh, Jitendra Chaudhary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701836/fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-diagnosis-of-metastatic-malignant-diffuse-type-tenosynovial-giant-cell-tumor
#2
Prashant Ramteke, Venkat K Iyer, Karan Madan, Shivanand Gamangatti, Asit R Mridha
Tenosynovial giant cell tumors (TGCTs) arise from the synovium of joint, bursa, and tendon sheath, and are classified into localized and diffuse types. Diffused type often affects the large joint, and has more recurrence, metastasis, and malignant transformation potential compared to the localized type. Malignant diffused TGCT (D-TGCT) usually occurs as a large tumor (>5 cm), in older patients, and its histopathologic features include necrosis, cellular anaplasia, prominent nucleoli, high nuclear cytoplasmic ratio, brisk mitosis, discohesion of tumor cells, paucity of giant cells, and a diffuse growth pattern...
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701835/sarcoma-in-urine-cytology-an-extremely-rare-entity-a-report-of-two-cases
#3
Suvradeep Mitra, Gurwinder Kaur, Nandita Kakkar, Priya Singh, Pranab Dey
Primary sarcomas of the urinary bladder or prostate are extremely rare entities. The rarity and lack of awareness makes it difficult for the cytologists to detect the spindle cell lesions in urine for malignant cytology. The literature available for the detection of urinary tract sarcomas is little. Here, we report the urine cytology findings of two interesting cases of urinary bladder and prostatic leiomyosarcoma.
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701834/ceruminous-adenoma-a-rare-tumor-diagnosed-on-cytology-with-histological-correlation
#4
Rumpa Das, Gorakh Nath, Sangita Bohara, Shivanjali Raghuvanshi
Ceruminous adenoma (CA) is a rare, benign tumor of the ceruminous gland found in the cartilaginous part of the external auditory canal (EAC). The tumor is diagnosed on histopathology and shows a characteristic dual population of luminal epithelial cells and basal myoepithelial cells. However, CA can be diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) prior to surgery and the cytopathologist should be well aware of its cytological findings to avoid any misdiagnosis. The tumor shows an excellent prognosis with possible recurrence and malignant transformation...
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701833/anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-a-great-mimic-on-cytology
#5
Mona A Agnihotri, Kanchan S Kothari, Leena P Naik, Sharada Patil
Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a T-cell lymphoma, accounting for <5% of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Cutaneous involvement can be primary or secondary arising in systemic ALCL. The diagnostic feature in both is the presence of pleomorphic, CD30 positive hallmark cells. We present a case of ALCL in a 19-year-old male presenting as an ulcerated scalp swelling. Clinical impression was actinomycosis or scrofuloderma. Cytology smears showed large dispersed pleomorphic cells with hyperlobated nuclei and multinucleated giant cells...
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701832/tuberculous-mastitis-diagnosed-on-cytology-case-report-of-a-rare-entity
#6
Riti Tushar Kanti Sinha, Aniruna Dey, Seema Agarwal
Tuberculous mastititis is a rare clinical entity and usually affects women from the Indian subcontinent. It often mimics breast carcinoma and pyogenic breast abscess. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a very essential diagnostic tool when other routine laboratory investigations are not helpful in reaching to the conclusion. Tuberculosis (TB) of the breast is an uncommon presentation of TB even in countries where the incidence of pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB is high. Radiological imaging is not diagnostic...
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701831/intestinal-gist-masquerading-as-an-ovarian-mass-diagnosed-on-fnac
#7
Surbhi Goyal, Vinod K Arora, Mohit K Joshi, Navjeevan Singh, Gita Radhakrishnan
The preoperative diagnosis of metastatic intestinal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) on cytology can be quite difficult at times. The present case characterizes the cytomorphological and immunocytochemical features of GIST, emphasizing the utility of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the evaluation of spindle cell tumors of gastrointestinal tract. An accurate and early diagnosis of GIST affects the treatment, primarily allowing the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in unresectable or metastatic cases...
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701830/role-of-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-in-diagnosis-of-disseminated-histoplasmosis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-a-case-report
#8
Sagarika Samantaray, Sasmita Panda, Sashibhusan Dash, Niranjan Rout
Histoplasmosis is a mycotic infection caused by dimorphic fungus, Histoplasma capsulatum. The organisms are usually found within the cells (macrophages). This organism mostly affects lungs in immunocompetent individuals and disseminated forms are seen in immunocompromised cases. Here, we describe a case of disseminated histoplasmosis in an immunocompetent, 35-year-old female with lymphadenopathy diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology and cell block.
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701829/warthin-finkeldy-cells-a-soft-indicator-in-cytodiagnosis-of-kimura
#9
Manoj G Madakshira, Rajat Bajaj, Khushdeep Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701828/modified-ultrafast-papanicolaou-staining-technique-a-comparative-study
#10
Moni Thakur, Venkateswara Rao Guttikonda
INTRODUCTION: Ultrafast Papanicolaou stain (UFP) was introduced as a hybrid of Romanowsky and Papanicolaou (PAP) stain. It enhances the quality and reduces the time. In the present study, a modified staining technique was adapted where Gill's Hematoxylin was replaced by Harris Hematoxylin. AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess the use of the modified ultrafast Papanicolaou (MUFP) stain for fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of head and neck swellings in comparison with the routine PAP stain, hematoxylin and eosin (H and E), and Giemsa...
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701827/malignancy-rate-in-thyroid-nodules-categorized-as-atypia-of-undetermined-significance-or-follicular-lesion-of-undetermined-significance-an-institutional-experience
#11
Smita Chandra, Harish Chandra, Sampan S Bisht
INTRODUCTION: Atypia of undetermined significance (AUS) or follicular lesion of undetermined significance (FLUS) of Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology has emerged as most controversial category due to its heterogeneity and inconsistent usage. Initially associated risk of malignancy was estimated to be about 5-15%, but eventually different results have been obtained across institutions due to variable follow-ups and interpretation. The present study was conducted to evaluate the rate of malignancy along with appropriate management in this category...
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701826/cytomorphological-patterns-of-tubercular-lymphadenitis-and-its-comparison-with-ziehl-neelsen-staining-and-culture-in-eastern-up-gorakhpur-region-cytological-study-of-400-cases
#12
Shaila K Mitra, Rajiv K Misra, Priyanka Rai
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous lymphadenitis is most common cause of lymphadenopathy in developing countries. Although enormous literature is available on various aspects of the disease including cytological patterns and its incidence in others parts of India and in other countries, only limited literature is available regarding its incidence and morphological spectrum on cytology in eastern parts of Uttar Pradesh in Gorakhpur region. AIM: The present study was undertaken to estimate the incidence of tuberculous lymphadenitis in our settings along with its morphological spectrum on cytology as well as to determine the utility of culture of fine needle aspirates in addition to cytology and Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) staining...
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701825/role-of-cell-block-in-cytopathologic-evaluation-of-image-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology
#13
Elizabath P Mathew, Vijayalakshmi Nair
CONTEXT: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of superficial or deep-seated lesion is an increasingly common practice, eliminating time consuming and costly diagnostic procedures and providing rapid and safe diagnosis. AIMS: To assess utility of cell block preparation method in increasing sensitivity of cytodiagnosis in deep-seated image-guided FNACs. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a hospital-based observational study conducted in the Department of Pathology, over a period of one and a half years...
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701824/liquid-based-and-conventional-cytology-for-bronchial-washings-bronchoalveolar-lavages-in-the-diagnosis-of-malignancy-an-institutional-experience
#14
Abha Thakur, Pooja Bakshi, Gagandeep Kaur, Kusum Verma
BACKGROUND: Liquid-based cytology (LBC) has been developed as an alternative for conventional cytology (CC) in cervical smears. It is now increasingly being used all over the world for cervical cancer screening. However, its role and diagnostic accuracy in bronchial wash (BW)/bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens remains undetermined. AIMS: To assess and compare the diagnostic performance and accuracy of LBC with CC for detecting malignancy in bronchial specimens...
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469326/malignant-mixed-mullerian-tumor-of-ovary-scrape-cytology-findings-with-review-of-literature
#15
Amita J Gupta, Meeta Singh, Poonam Rani, Shyama Jain, Nita Khurana, Latika Sahu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469325/littoral-cell-angioma-of-the-spleen-cytological-findings-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Mohammad H Anbardar, Perikala V Kumar, Hamid R Forootan
Littoral cell angioma (LCA) is a unique lesion of the spleen that arises from the cells lining the venous sinuses of the splenic red pulp and shows the features of combined endothelial and histiocytic differentiation. Several cases of LCA have been reported in the literature; however, the cytological findings have been described for only a few cases. We report the case of an 11-year-old boy with anemia, epigastric abdominal pain, and splenomegaly. The splenic lesions showed anastomosing vascular channels with cyst-like spaces filled by many sloughed endothelial cells, which were positive for CD68 and CD31 and negative for CD34...
April 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469324/leptomeningeal-carcinomatosis-in-a-patient-with-gallbladder-carcinoma
#17
Nisha Jose, Harsha Teja Perla, Ramya Iyadurai, Geeta Chacko
Carcinomatous meningitis is a rare manifestation of malignancy. It is increasingly being recognized in lung carcinoma, breast carcinoma, melanomas, gastrointestinal malignancies, lymphomas, and leukemia and it is almost never seen in gallbladder malignancies. We present a case whose primary presentation was as a carcinomatous meningitis that was subsequently found to be secondary to a gallbladder primary.
April 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469323/cutaneous-basal-cell-carcinoma-with-mixed-histology-cytomorphological-features-of-two-unusual-cases
#18
Surbhi Goyal, Ruchi Rathore, Sonal Sharma, Vinod Kumar Arora, Gopal Krushna Das, Archana Singal
Cutaneous basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a slow growing locally aggressive malignant tumor. It is usually diagnosed on histopathological examination of the excised biopsy. Recently, fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is emerging as a simple alternative technique for rapid diagnostic work of nodular and plaque-like skin lesions. We report the cytomorphological features of two cases of cutaneous BCC having unusual clinical presentation and mixed histology (MH); emphasizing the diagnostic difficulties encountered on cytology, the plausible explanation and the precautions to keep in mind to avoid misdiagnosis...
April 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469322/solitary-fibular-metastasis-from-nonsmall-cell-lung-carcinoma
#19
Mohammad Akram, Samreen Zaheer, Asif Hussain, Shahid A Siddiqui, Ruquiya Afrose, Saifullah Khalid
Solitary bone metastasis to fibula in patients of lung carcinoma is a rare entity, with only four cases reported in literature. We, hereby, present a case of a 50 year-old-male who was given three cycles of chemotherapy for lung carcinoma with no distant metastasis but presented 2 months later with a fusiform, painful swelling around the knee that was clinically suspected to be inflammatory in nature but proved to be fibular metastasis on cytology. There was no evidence of skeletal metastasis on initial bone scan...
April 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469321/cytodiagnosis-of-papillary-carcinoma-of-the-male-breast-report-of-a-case-with-histological-correlation
#20
Ranjan Agrawal, Nitesh Mohan, Mithila Bisht, Parbodh Kumar
Papillary lesions of the breast pose great diagnostic challenges on fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) due to overlapping features between benign and malignant entities. Preoperative cytodiagnosis is difficult. We present a case of a 52-year-old male who presented with a progressively increasing firm swelling in the left breast for 3 years. The nipple was eroded with ulceration and bleeding. Ultrasonography (USG) revealed a mass measuring 2.9 cm × 1.5 cm in the left breast. FNAC smears were hypercellular with ductal cells arranged in papillae and glandular clusters...
April 2017: Journal of Cytology
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