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Journal of Cytology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182103/filarial-abscess-aspiration-of-adult-gravid-female-worm-from-submandibular-region-an-unusual-presentation
#1
Ruquiya Afrose, Mohammad Feroz Alam, Syed Shamshad Ahmad, Mohammed Naim
Microfilaria is a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical countries and is an endemic problem in India. Wuchereria bancrofti is the most common filarial infection. In some cases, microfilariae and adult filarial worm have been incidentally detected in fine-needle aspirates of various lesions; detection of microfilaria from subcutaneous site or from abscess site is even rarer. We here report an unusual case of Bancroftian microfilariasis in a 68-year-old female coming from endemic area presenting with right submandibular abscess...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182097/incidental-detection-of-strongyloides-stercoralis-in-a-routine-cervicovaginal-smear
#2
Sandeep P Kumar, Varuna Mallya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182089/a-rare-case-of-signet-ring-cell-lymphoma-diagnosis-aided-by-immunofluorescent-staining
#3
Charusheela R Gore, N K Panicker, Harsh Kumar, Archana Buch, S S Chandanwale
Signet ring cell lymphomas are the proliferations of malignant lymphoid cells containing cytoplasmic vacuoles or globules which displace the nuclei, imparting it a signet ring appearance. This rare tumor is a variant of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Signet ring appearance is due to cytoplasmic accumulation of immunoglobulin or vacuoles derived from multivesicular bodies. These cells, particularly with cytoplasmic vacuoles, may be mistaken for adenocarcinoma cells. We are presenting one such case where immunofluorescence helped us to demonstrate the immunoglobulins on fine needle aspiration smears...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182083/endometriosis-mimicking-glandular-atypia-in-a-cervical-cytology
#4
Paula A Rodriguez-Urrego, Isabel C Dulcey-Hormiga, Luis E Barrera-Herrera, David A Suarez-Zamora, Mauricio A Palau-Lazaro, Catalina Buritica-Cifuentes
Endometriosis involving the uterine cervix is a rare condition that can lead to diagnostic errors in the interpretation of Pap smear. We report the case of a 41-year-old patient in whom the initial Pap smear revealed three-dimensional clusters of glandular cells with elongated nuclei, occasional mitosis, and atypia, which was interpreted as atypical glandular cells, not otherwise specified (NOS). The patient was taken to colposcopy and endocervical biopsy. Colposcopy was normal and the biopsy presented glands with elongated nuclei and surrounded by endometrial stroma admixed with normal endocervical glands...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182082/cytomorphometric-analysis-and-morphological-assessment-of-oral-exfoliated-cells-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-healthy-individuals-a-comparative-study
#5
Khushboo Sahay, Shweta Rehani, Priyanka Kardam, Madhumani Kumra, Rashi Sharma, Nisha Singh
CONTEXT: Oral exfoliative cytology is a simple, nonaggressive technique that is well accepted by patients. Therefore, it is an attractive option, which aids in the diagnosis and observation of epithelial atypias associated with oral mucosal diseases. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the quantitative and qualitative alterations in exfoliative smears from type 2 diabetics and healthy individuals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study includes 30 type 2 diabetics and 30 healthy persons of both sexes...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182081/cytopathologic-features-of-an-unusual-case-of-multiple-eccrine-spiradenomas-misdiagnosed-as-a-malignant-round-cell-tumor
#6
Bharat Rekhi, Archi Agarwal
A 28-year-old lady presented with multiple swellings in her left shoulder, associated with intermittent pain since last one and a half years. Radiologic imaging revealed multiple, well-defined, subcutaneous lesions in her left supraclavicular region. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) smears were initially reported as Ewing sarcoma, elsewhere. On review, the smears showed cohesive clusters of round-to-oval cells with scant cytoplasm, which were focally arranged in an acinar-rosetting pattern around hyaline "droplets/bodies," along with few scattered lymphocytes against a background of red blood cells...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182080/cytopathology-practice-in-kumasi-a-2-year-retrospective-audit
#7
Babatunde M Duduyemi, Osei Owusu-Afriyie, Kwabena O Danquah, Derick Na Osakunor
AIM: Surgical pathology service is generally unavailable in most developing countries and comes with challenges. Cytopathology is a reliable, inexpensive adjunct to surgical histopathology. We present a retrospective review of the various cytopathology cases received at the department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 836 cytopathology cases from January 2010 to December 2011 at the Department of Pathology of our hospital was conducted. All cytopathology reports and records from the department were retrieved and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 16 for windows...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182079/immunocytoexpression-profile-of-proexc-in-smears-interpreted-as-asc-us-asc-h-and-cervical-intraepithelial-lesion
#8
Zeynep Tosuner, İlknur Türkmen, Sema Arici, Cavide Sönmez, Seval Turna, Öykü Onaran
AIMS: We aimed to investigate the immunocytoexpression profiles of a novel assay ProEx C for topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A) and minichromosome maintenance protein 2 (MCM2) in abnormal interpreted smears. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Screening programs with Papanicolaou smear and high risk group human papilloma virus testing have yielded a dramatic reduction of cervical cancer incidence. However, both of these tests have limited specificity for the detection of clinically significant cervical high grade lesions...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182077/penicillium-marneffei-infection-in-a-hiv-positive-patient-a-comparison-of-bronchial-washing-cytology-and-biopsy
#9
Chu Hyun Hee, Chong Young Pil, Kyung Ja Cho
Penicilliosis is a disseminated and progressive infection that is mainly found in immunocompromised individuals, especially those with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Because of the high mortality of patients with disseminated Penicillium marneffei infection, rapid diagnosis and early treatment are required. Diagnosis is traditionally made by biopsy and/or culture of blood or any involved organ. Cytology offers several advantages over biopsy, including more rapid diagnosis and greater resolution of cytomorphologic details of organisms, allowing rapid initiation of treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182076/vaginal-infections-of-albanian-women-infected-with-hpv-and-their-impact-in-intraepithelial-cervical-lesions-evidenced-by-pap-test
#10
Elsa S Kone, Avenir D Balili, Piro D Paparisto, Xheladin R Ceka, Elizana D Petrela
BACKGROUND: Cervical cytology is the best single method for large screening of the population in identifying precancerous lesions of the uterine cervix. AIM: To estimate the frequency of human papillomavirus (HPV) positivity in a group of Albanian women, the prevalence of vaginal coinfections, and the relationship of coinfections with HPV, as well as their role in metaplasia or cervical intraepithelial lesions (CIN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 2075 vaginal smears were examined...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182075/coexistence-of-microfilaria-with-metastatic-adenocarcinomatous-deposit-from-breast-in-axillary-lymph-node-cytology-a-rare-association
#11
Nibedita Sahoo, Arpita Saha, Pritinanda Mishra
Filariasis is a global social health problem of tropical and sub tropical countries like India. W.bancrofti accounts for 95% of cases of lymphatic filariasis. Microfilaria in cytosmears are a rare finding. We report a case of 55 year old female presented with right axillary swelling with ipsilateral breast lump. Cytosmears from the lymph node aspirate showed metastatic adenocarcinomatous deposits and a bunch of microfilariae surrounding the tumor cells and the aspirate from the breast shows ductal carcinoma...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182069/role-of-morphometry-in-the-cytological-differentiation-of-benign-and-malignant-thyroid-lesions
#12
Pallavi Khatri, Monisha Choudhury, Manjula Jain, Shaji Thomas
CONTEXT: Thyroid nodules represent a common problem, with an estimated prevalence of 4-7%. Although fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been accepted as a first line diagnostic test, the rate of false negative reports of malignancy is still high. Nuclear morphometry is the measurement of nuclear parameters by image analysis. Image analysis can merge the advantages of morphologic interpretation with those of quantitative data. AIMS: To evaluate the nuclear morphometric parameters in fine needle aspirates of thyroid lesions and to study its role in differentiating benign from malignant thyroid lesions...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182068/evaluation-of-thyroid-nodules-classified-as-bethesda-category-iii-on-fnac
#13
Shiwani Garg, Leena P Naik, Kanchan S Kothari, Gwendolyn C Fernandes, Mona A Agnihotri, Jagruti C Gokhale
BACKGROUND: The Bethesda (BSRTC) category III has been ascribed a malignancy rate of 5-15%, however, the probability of malignancy remains variable. AIM: To evaluate category III with respect to its rate and risk of malignancy and substratify it. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Atypia of undetermined significance/Follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS) percentage, cytohistological correlation, and risk of malignancy were analyzed and substratification was done...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182067/sialosis-cytomorphological-significance-in-the-diagnosis-of-an-uncommon-entity
#14
Sunil Vitthalrao Jagtap, Shakuntala S Aramani, Avinash Mane, Vijay Bonde
A diffuse, chronic, usually bilateral, noninflammatory, nonneoplastic enlargement of major salivary glands is termed as Sialosis or Sialadenosis. It is an extremely uncommon cause for enlargement of the parotid gland. We hereby present a case of a 45-year-old female patient having a swelling at the left preauricular region. The swelling was gradually increasing in size since 6 months. On clinical examination, the swelling was 3 cm × 3 cm, mobile, and nontender. On ultrasonography, it was suggestive of benign parotid lesion or parotitis with cervical lymphadenopathy...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182064/myofibromatosis-utility-of-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-in-the-diagnosis-of-an-underreported-entity
#15
Sandhya V Poflee, Anjali N Bode, Sneha Chavarkar, Pradeep S Umap
Myofibromatosis (MFS) was recognized as a distinct form of childhood fibromatosis. Infantile myofibromatosis (IMF) is now identified as a solitary or multicentric tumor that predominantly occurs in neonates and infants. The adult counterpart of IMF, though of rare occurrence, is identified and is known as MFS. Morphological diagnosis of MFS is made by histopathological examination of the biopsy or surgically excised mass and confirmed on the basis of specific immunoprofile. We report a case of multicentric MFS occurring in an adolescent in whom diagnosis was suggested on the basis of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) that avoided surgical excision of multiple nodules...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182063/frontal-bone-metastasis-from-an-occult-follicular-thyroid-carcinoma-diagnosed-by-fnac
#16
Rajnish Kalra, Richa Pawar, Sonia Hasija, Abha Chandna, Manoj Sankla, Chanchal Malhotra
Metastatic deposits in skull bones from follicular thyroid carcinoma is rare, and metastatic disease in skull being the presenting symptom without obvious thyroid lesion (occult primary) is even rarer. A 60-year-old female patient presented with a mass in the frontal region of the skull. Fine needle aspiration cytology was done which revealed an adenocarcinoma with repeated follicular pattern, reminiscent of follicular neoplasm of thyroid, which on immunocytochemistry revealed positivity for thyroglobulin. Patient was investigated further for primary thyroid malignancy, and imaging revealed a nodule in the left lobe of thyroid...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182061/intraoperative-squash-cytology-and-histology-of-giant-cell-ependymoma-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#17
Ebru Cakir, Ulku Kucuk, Ayca Ersen, Emel E Pala, Mehmet Senoglu, Ali O Binatli, Zubeyde Yildirim
Giant cell ependymomas (GCE) are extremely rare tumors, with 24 cases described in the literature. Squash cytology is a rapid, reliable, simple technique for intraoperative consultation in neurosurgical practice. We describe a rare case of GCE arising at level of L4-L5 in a 66-year-old woman and discuss the cytologic/histologic features. Intraoperative smears were highly cellular with a prominent fibrillary background and exhibited papillary structures and sheets composed of highly atypical and bizarre cells...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182060/cytological-diagnosis-of-xanthogranulomatous-appendicitis
#18
Rajni Kaushik, Anchana Gulati, Deepak Vedant, Vijay Kaushal
Xanthogranulomatous reaction can occur in any organ but the most common sites are kidney and gallbladder. Xanthogranulomatous appendicitis (XA) is a rare clinical entity. There are a few case reports of XA diagnosed on histopathology but none on cytology. Here we report a case of a 47-year-old lady who presented with acute abdomen and was found to have a mass lesion in the right iliac fossa. She was diagnosed with XA intraoperatively on imprint cytology that was subsequently confirmed on histopathological examination...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182052/study-of-nuclear-morphometry-on-cytology-specimens-of-benign-and-malignant-breast-lesions-a-study-of-122-cases
#19
Anamika Kashyap, Manjula Jain, Shailaja Shukla, Manoj Andley
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has emerged as a leading site of cancer among women in India. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been routinely applied in assessment of breast lesions. Cytological evaluation in breast lesions is subjective with a "gray zone" of 6.9-20%. Quantitative evaluation of nuclear size, shape, texture, and density parameters by morphometry can be of diagnostic help in breast tumor. AIMS: To apply nuclear morphometry on cytological breast aspirates and assess its role in differentiating between benign and malignant breast lesions with derivation of suitable cut-off values between the two groups...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028345/subcutaneous-pheohyphomycois-a-rare-mycotic-infection-from-a-north-himalayan-state-of-india-diagnosed-on-cytopathology
#20
Smita Chandra, Vaidehi Vaidya, Meena Harsh, Harish Chandra, Rashmi Jindal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Cytology
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