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Journal of Cytology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756995/cytological-diagnosis-of-deep-seated-cellular-hemangioma-of-the-parotid-gland-by-using-cell-button-technique
#1
Sonam Sharma, Rahul Mannan, Tejinder Bhasin
Intraparotid hemangioma of the children is a rare neoplasm, posing diagnostic dilemma to the diagnosticians as well as treating clinicians. A 2-month-old male infant presented with a diffuse swelling in the parotid region since birth that was gradually increasing in size. The ultrasonography (USG) report was suggestive of a right intraparotid mass of uncertain etiology; whereas magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) report inclined toward a mass associated with chronic inflammatory pathology. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) suggested two differentials - a vascular neoplasm of the parotid gland and a spindle cell neoplasm with increased vascularity...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756994/fine-needle-aspiration-diagnosis-of-nodular-fasciitis-a-case-report
#2
Ajithakumari Kumaran, Sathi Puthenparambath
A 10-year-old boy presented with a swelling of the left mid upper arm of 1 month duration. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) diagnosis of pseudosarcomatous lesion, suggestive of nodular fasciitis, was made and advised radiological examination. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnosis was benign fibroblastic tumor. Excisional biopsy was done and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of nodular fasciitis. As of now, the child is absolutely alright after 1 year.
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756993/urinary-balantidiasis-a-rare-incidental-finding-in-a-patient-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
Sukhpreet Kaur, Avinash Gupta
Balantidiasis is a rare zoonotic disease in humans. Balantidium coli is the causative ciliated protozoan. We present a case of urinary balantidiasis in a patient having chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who was on steroids for a long time. He has no symptoms of bowel or urinary involvement. We are reporting this case because of its rarity in human urine and also for future references.
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756992/iatrogenic-calcinosis-cutis-a-rare-cytological-diagnosis
#4
Gopal Krishna Sawke, Tina Rai, Nilima Sawke
Calcinosis cutis is an uncommon condition characterized by the deposition of calcium salts in the subcutaneous tissues of the body. Calcifications can also occur in a variety of other clinical settings and can be subjected to fine-needle aspiration (FNA). Since cutaneous calcific deposits may clinically mimic a tumor, it is feasible to diagnose them by FNA cytology (FNAC). We reported a case of calcinosis cutis by FNA in a 36-year-old male who presented with a solitary subcutaneous nodule in cubital fossa. Smears showed amorphous granular material consistent with calcium and occasional histiocytes...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756991/cytodiagnosis-of-disseminated-histoplasmosis-in-an-immunocompetent-individual-with-molluscum-contagiosum-like-skin-lesions-and-lymphadenopathy
#5
Prajwala Gupta, Minakshi Bhardwaj
Disseminated histoplasmosis is caused by the dimorphic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum (H. capsulatum). The early clinical manifestations are nonspecific, often lead to diagnostic difficulty, and is misdiagnosed as tuberculosis and seen usually in immunosuppressed states. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a simple, safe, and quick technique to establish the initial diagnosis of H. capsulatum, thereby prompting early treatment. The skin involvement is rare in disseminated disease and we describe a case of disseminated histoplasmosis in an immunocompetent patient with unusual molluscum contagiosum like umbilicated skin lesions and FNAC of the cervical lymph node was the only tool for rapid and early confirmatory diagnosis...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756990/pleural-effusion-role-of-pleural-fluid-cytology-adenosine-deaminase-level-and-pleural-biopsy-in-diagnosis
#6
Biswajit Biswas, Sudershan Kumar Sharma, Rameshwar Singh Negi, Neelam Gupta, Virender Mohan Singh Jaswal, Narsimhalu Niranjan
OBJECTIVE: The present study is designed to evaluate the role of pleural fluid analysis in diagnosing pleural diseases and to study the advantages and disadvantages of thoracocentasis and pleural biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively included 66 consecutive indoor patients over a duration of 1 year. Pleural fluid was collected and cytological smears were made from the fluid. Plural biopsy was done in the same patient by Cope needle. Adequate pleural biopsy tissue yielding specific diagnosis was obtained in 47 (71...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756989/destaining-of-diff-quik-stained-cytologic-smears-is-not-necessary-for-the-detection-of-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-gene-rearrangement-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-by-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization
#7
Weisheng Xu, Kamal K Khurana, Jamie Tull, Charlene Maciak, Shengle Zhang
BACKGROUND: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangement analysis by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is one of the standard molecular tests for targeted therapy of lung adenocarcinoma. However, insufficient cell block cellularity may impede molecular testing. A recent study showed that Diff-Quik (DQ) stained cytology smear is suitable for ALK by FISH. AIMS: The aim of our study was to observe the impact of destaining intervals on the quality of FISH signals and determine if DQ smears without destaining would allow FISH analysis...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756988/cytology-of-plasma-cell-rich-effusion-in-cases-of-plasma-cell-neoplasm
#8
Debasis Gochhait, Pranab Dey, Neelam Verma
BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma or plasmacytoma resulting in malignant effusion is rarely described in literature. AIMS: In this paper, we have studied the seven rare cases of plasma cell infiltration in effusion fluid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied six cases of pleural fluid and one case of ascetic fluid. Detailed cytological features, clinical history, bone marrow examinations, serum electrophoresis, and immunofixation data were analyzed...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756987/cytomorphologic-spectrum-of-lymphocytic-thyroiditis-and-correlation-between-cytological-grading-and-biochemical-parameters
#9
K R Anila, Nileena Nayak, K Jayasree
INTRODUCTION: Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis [Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT)] is a common thyroid lesion diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Apart from FNAC, various other parameters, such as clinical features, ultrasonographic findings, antithyroid antibody levels, hormone profiles, and radionuclide thyroid scan, are also taken into consideration in making a diagnosis of HT. AIMS: To grade lymphocytic thyroiditis based on the cytomorphology and to correlate the cytological grades with the levels of antithyroid peroxidase antibody (ATPO), antithyroglobulin antibody (ATG), and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756986/comparison-of-fnac-smears-cytospin-smears-and-cellblocks-of-transthoracic-guided-fnac-of-suspected-lung-tumor-a-study-of-100-cases
#10
Ankur Singh Kshatriya, Pravina M Santwani
INTRODUCTION: Transthoracic guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of clinically suspected lung tumors is an increasingly common procedure in diagnosis. Cytospin Smear and Cellblock preparations of available material are helpful in subtyping and confirming the diagnosis, and they can also be used for further studies, i.e., special stain and immunohistochemistry, etc. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research was undertaken to study the technique of guided transthoracic lung FNAC of clinically suspected lung tumors and the establish role of FNAC smears, cytospin smears, and cellblocks in the detection and typing of neoplastic lung lesions and correlation...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756985/bacterial-vaginosis-in-association-with-spontaneous-abortion-and-recurrent-pregnancy-losses
#11
Gözde Işik, Şayeste Demirezen, Hanife Güler Dönmez, Mehmet Sinan Beksaç
CONTEXT: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is related to the increased risk of miscarriage, preterm labor, and postpartum endometritis. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between BV and the history of spontaneous abortion and recurrent pregnancy losses. We also examined periods of gestation, including the first and second trimester miscarriages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 200 fertile women. Sixty one (30...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756984/cytological-grading-an-alternative-to-histological-grading-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#12
Srilekha Namala, Vijay Srinivas Guduru, Anuradha Ananthaneni, Sabitha Devi, Puneeth Horrati Kuberappa, Urmila Udayashankar
BACKGROUND: Micronuclei (MN) in oral exfoliative cells have been shown to indicate a disparaging change in genetic information of the cell. Recent studies showed correlation between the frequency of MN and severity of this damage. Grading of lesions can be used to determine the austerity of this damage. Aims: The aim of this study is to compare the MN frequency in oral exfoliated cells of normal and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) individuals and to cytologically grade the frequency of MN in cytological smears and to correlate it with histological grading...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756983/evaluation-of-cytomorphometric-changes-in-tobacco-users-and-diagnosed-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-individuals
#13
Urmila Udayashankar, Vijay Srinivas Guduru, Anuradha Ananthaneni, Sabitha Devi Ramisetty, Puneeth Horatti Kuberappa, Srilekha Namala
AIMS: To determine the cellular and nuclear area of keratinocytes in smears obtained from the oral mucosa of tobacco users, those with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), and from normal healthy persons and resolve if any significant difference exists in these three groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 100 subjects 20 controls, (40 OSCC patients-20 from lesional sites and 20 from nonlesional sites, 20 tobacco smokers and 20 tobacco chewers) in the age group of 25-75 years...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756982/fine-needle-aspiration-study-of-cystic-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-rare-cytological-findings
#14
Maral Mokhtari, Perikala Vijayananda Kumar, Kamran Hayati
BACKGROUND: Cystic papillary thyroid carcinoma (CPTC) is a variant of papillary carcinoma that has many mimickers in cytological grounds. AIM: To study the cytomorphologic features of CPTC and compare them to those of other cystic thyroid lesions using fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). We also aimed to identify the cytomorphologic features that distinguish CPTC from other cystic thyroid lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-three cases of CPTC were included in the study...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756981/improvization-of-conventional-cytology-by-centrifuged-liquid-based-cytology-in-oral-exfoliative-cytology-specimen
#15
Shwetha Nambiar, Veda Hegde, Nikhil Yadav, Kaveri Hallikeri
BACKGROUND: Exfoliative cytology is the microscopic examination of shed or desquamated cells from the epithelial surface. Centrifuged liquid-based cytology (CLBC) is a modified technique that was used in the current study. AIMS: To compare the efficacy of CLBC with conventional cytology in apparently normal mucosa after staining with Papanicolaou (PAP) stain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty cases of apparently normal mucosa from healthy subjects were selected for the study...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279692/erratum-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutations-in-nonsmall-cell-lung-carcinoma-patients-in-kuwait
#16
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 1 in vol. 33, PMID: 27011433.].
April 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279691/lingual-schwannoma-a-cytological-diagnosis
#17
Sumaira Qayoom, Sabina Khan, Shalini Bahadur, Sujata Jetley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279690/a-rare-cytological-diagnosis-of-primary-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-of-the-parotid-gland
#18
Biswajit Dey, Vasudha Goyal, Jyotsna Naresh Bharti, Nidhi Mahajan, Shyama Jain
Primary lymphoma of the parotid gland is relatively rare and constitutes about 4-5% of extranodal lymphomas. The majority of them is non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and is B cell in nature. We report a case of primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the parotid gland in an elderly male. The case was diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of the right parotid gland as high grade B-cell NHL and confirmed on histopathology as DLBCL. In correlation with the clinicoradiological findings, the case was diagnosed as primary parotid DLBCL...
April 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279689/giant-cell-tumor-of-soft-tissues-of-low-malignant-potential-a-rare-diagnosis-on-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology
#19
Maithili M Kulkarni, Avinash R Joshi, Vinod Patil, Tabassum Ansari
Primary giant cell tumors of soft tissues (GCT-ST) are extremely rare soft tissue tumors, located in both superficial and deep soft tissues. They resemble osseous giant cell tumors morphologically and immunohistochemically. The tumor exhibits strong positive immunoreactivity for cluster of differentiation 68 (CD68) within multinucleated osteoclast-like giant cells and focal staining of mononuclear cells. Case reports describing the cytohistological features of this entity are very few. We report a case of GCT-ST of low malignant potential diagnosed on fine needle aspiration (FNA) and confirmed on histological and immunohistochemical studies...
April 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279688/emphasizing-the-pivotal-role-of-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-in-a-case-of-recurrent-malignant-chondroid-syringoma
#20
Pechimuthubabu S Shobhanaa, Neelaiah Siddaraju, Sree Rekha Jinkala, Bhawana Ashok Badhe, Rajesh N Ganesh
Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) features of malignant chondroid syringoma (MCS) are rarely documented. Here, we report a case of recurrent MCS, highlighting its interesting clinicopathologic features. Initially, we received cytology and histopathology slides (for review) of a 57-year-old woman who had undergone resection for an occipital MCS and later presented with recurrence. On reviewing the slides, cytology was consistent with recurrent MCS. However, tissue sections showed features of a malignant epithelial tumor with comedonecrosis and sebaceous differentiation owing to which a diagnosis of metastatic adenocarcinoma/malignant adnexal tumor was suggested...
April 2016: Journal of Cytology
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