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Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345975/nano-and-micro-particles-for-delivery-of-catechins-physical-and-biological-performance
#1
Jian-Hui Ye, Mary Ann Augustin
Catechins, present in many fruits and vegetables, have many health benefits, but they are prone to degradation. Nano- and micro-particle systems have been used to stabilise catechins when exposed to adverse environments and to improve their bioavailability after ingestion. This review discusses the inherent properties of various catechins, the design of delivery formulations and the properties of catechin-loaded nano- and micro-particles. The protection afforded to catechins during exposure to harsh environmental conditions and gastrointestinal tract transit is reviewed...
January 18, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345498/effects-of-blueberry-and-cranberry-consumption-on-type-2-diabetes-glycemic-control-a-systematic-review
#2
Dmup Rocha, Aps Caldas, Bp da Silva, Hh Hermsdorff, Rcg Alfenas
The metabolic effects of cranberry and blueberry consumption on glycemic control have been evaluated in vitro and in animal models as well as in human studies, although findings have not been systematically reviewed yet. Therefore, a systematic review was carried out of relevant randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in order to assess the effect of berries (blueberry and cranberry) consumption on type 2 diabetes (T2DM) glycemic control. Some evidences were also discussed on the anti-diabetic mechanisms exerted by berries polyphenols...
January 18, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341787/the-effects-of-early-life-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-ruminant-trans-fatty-acids-on-allergic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Weijia Wu, Lizi Lin, Bijun Shi, Jin Jing, Li Cai
Early life nutritional exposures could modify the gene expression and susceptibility of allergic diseases (AD). This systematic review aimed to evaluate whether early life (the first 1,000 days) natural exposure to polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and ruminant trans fatty acids (R-TFA) could affect the AD risk. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception through September 10, 2017 for observational studies. The quality of studies was examined by the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, and the best evidence synthesis (BES) was applied...
January 17, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337601/mango-kernel-fat-fractions-as-potential-healthy-food-ingredients-a-review
#4
Jun Jin, Qingzhe Jin, Casimir C Akoh, Xingguo Wang
Mango kernel fat (MKF) has been reported to have high functional and nutritional potential. However, its application in food industry has not been fully explored or developed. In this review, the chemical compositions, physical properties and potential health benefits of MKF are described. MKF is a unique fat consisting of 28.9-65.0% of 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol with excellent oxidative stability index (58.8-85.2 h at 110 °C), making the fat and its fractions suitable for use as high-value added food ingredients such as cocoa butter alternatives, trans-free shortenings, and a source of natural antioxidants (e...
January 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337587/use-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-and-yeasts-to-reduce-exposure-to-chemical-food-contaminants-and-toxicity
#5
Gabriela Matuoka Chiocchetti, Carlos Jadán-Piedra, Vicente Monedero, Manuel Zúñiga, Dinoraz Vélez, Vicenta Devesa
Chemical contaminants that are present in food pose a health problem and their levels are controlled by national and international food safety organizations. Despite increasing regulation, foods that exceed legal limits reach the market. In Europe, the number of notifications of chemical contamination due to pesticide residues, mycotoxins and metals is particularly high. Moreover, in many parts of the world, drinking water contains high levels of chemical contaminants owing to geogenic or anthropogenic causes...
January 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336595/exploitation-of-microbial-antagonists-for-the-control-of-postharvest-diseases-of-fruits-a-review
#6
Ajinath Shridhar Dukare, Sangeeta Paul, V Eyarkai Nambi, Ram Kishore Gupta, Rajbir Singh, Kalyani Sharma, Rajesh Kumar Vishwakarma
Fungal diseases result in significant losses of fruits and vegetables during handling, transportation and storage. At present, post-production fungal spoilage is predominantly controlled by using synthetic fungicides. Under the global climate change scenario and with the need for sustainable agriculture, biological control methods of fungal diseases, using antagonistic microorganisms, are emerging as ecofriendly alternatives to the use of fungicides. The potential of microbial antagonists, isolated from a diversity of natural habitats, for postharvest disease suppression has been investigated...
January 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336593/effect-of-vitamin-a-supplementation-on-iron-status-in-humans-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Marcela de Sá Barreto da Cunha, Natália Aboudib Campos Hankins, Sandra Fernandes Arruda
Anemia is a worldwide public health problem that can be related to many causes, including vitamin A deficiency. The aim of this study was to assess and estimate the effect of vitamin A supplementation (VAS) on iron status biomarkers and anemia in humans. Six databases, including Cochrane, EMBASE, LILACS, Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science, were searched for clinical trials and cohort studies that investigated the effect of vitamin A supplementation alone on iron status and anemia, without time-restriction. The search yielded 23 eligible studies, 21 clinical trials and 2 cohort studies, with children, teenagers, pregnant or lactating women...
January 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336590/modern-perspectives-on-the-health-benefits-of-kefir-in-next-generation-sequencing-era-improvement-of-the-host-gut-microbiota
#8
Dong-Hyeon Kim, Dana Jeong, Hyunsook Kim, Kun-Ho Seo
Kefir is a natural complex fermented milk product containing more than 50 species of probiotic bacteria and yeast, and has been demonstrated to have multiple properties conferring health benefits, including antiobesity, anti-hepatic steatosis, antioxidative, antiallergenic, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, cholesterol-lowering, constipation-alleviating, and antimicrobial properties. To better understand the underlying mechanisms of these benefits, we here review research on the effect of kefir (and kefir microorganisms) consumption to modulate the host gut microbiota...
January 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333864/non-digestible-carbohydrates-in-infant-formula-as-substitution-for-human-milk-oligosaccharide-functions-effects-on-microbiota-and-gut-maturation
#9
Renate Akkerman, Marijke M Faas, Paul de Vos
Human milk (HM) is the golden standard for nutrition of newborn infants. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are abundantly present in HM and exert multiple beneficial functions, such as support of colonization of the gut microbiota, reduction of pathogenic infections and support of immune development. HMO-composition is during lactation continuously adapted by the mother to accommodate the needs of the neonate. Unfortunately, for many valid reasons not all neonates can be fed with HM and are either totally or partly fed with cow-milk derived infant formulas, which do not contain HMOs...
January 15, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319330/recent-developments-in-high-efficient-freeze-drying-of-fruits-and-vegetables-assisted-by-microwave-a-review
#10
Kai Fan, Min Zhang, Arun S Mujumdar
Microwave heating has been applied in the drying of high-value solids as it affords a number of advantages, including shorter drying time and better product quality. Freeze-drying at cryogenic temperature and extremely low pressure provides the advantage of high product quality, but at very high capital and operating costs due partly to very long drying time. Freeze-drying coupled with a microwave heat source speeds up the drying rate and yields good quality products provided the operating unit is designed and operated to achieve the potential for an absence of hot spot developments...
January 10, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278925/review-of-analytical-methods-for-measurement-of-oat-proteins-the-need-for-standardized-methods
#11
Bindu A Sunilkumar, Eden Tareke
This review summarizes the analytical methods that have been developed for quantification and characterization of oat proteins. These include sampling, sample preparation, extraction, quantification, separation, detection, and characterization of oat proteins. The review also provides a comparison of different methods for the determination of protein fraction of oat and the efficiency thereof. We conclude that there is a need for further validation of existing data or methods and for a standard methodology to quantify oat proteins...
December 26, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278921/management-of-hyperuricemia-through-dietary-polyphenols-as-a-natural-medicament-a-comprehensive-review
#12
Arshad Mehmood, Lei Zhao, Chengtao Wang, Muhammad Nadeem, Ali Raza, Nawazish Ali, Amjad Abbas Shah
Hyperuricemia, a condition due to high serum uric acid level and is notorious to health. It is considered to be a potent risk factor for gout and dramatically associated in the development of many chronic diseases such as malignant tumor, cardiovascular disorders and renal failure. Modern innovative medicinal and therapeutic interventions are underlying these days to combat hyperuricemia. Previously reported studies revealed the significant impact of dietary polyphenols (e.g. anthocyanins, phenolic acids, flavonoids etc...
December 26, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266964/nutrition-and-sarcopenia-a-review-of-the-evidence-of-nutritional-influences
#13
Behnaz Abiri, Mohammadreza Vafa
Prevention of age related decline in muscle mass and strength is a key strategy to keeping physical capacity in older age and allowing independent living. To emerge preventive strategies, a better understanding is required of life style factors that impacts on sarcopenia. However, since muscle mass and strength in later life depend on both the rate of muscle loss and the peak achieved in early life, attempts to prevent sarcopenia also require considering diet through the life course and the potential benefits of early interventions...
December 21, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261333/chemical-and-physical-pretreatments-of-fruits-and-vegetables-effects-on-drying-characteristics-and-quality-attributes-a-comprehensive-review
#14
Li-Zhen Deng, Arun S Mujumdar, Qian Zhang, Xu-Hai Yang, Jun Wang, Zhi-An Zheng, Zhen-Jiang Gao, Hong-Wei Xiao
Pretreatment is widely used before drying of agro-products to inactivate enzymes, enhance drying process and improve quality of dried products. In current work, the influence of various pretreatments on drying characteristics and quality attributes of fruits and vegetables is summarized. They include chemical solution (hyperosmotic, alkali, sulfite and acid, etc.) and gas (sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide and ozone) treatments, thermal blanching (hot water, steam, super heated steam impingement, ohmic and microwave heating, etc), and non-thermal process (ultrasound, freezing, pulsed electric field, and high hydrostatic pressure, etc)...
December 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257912/4-ethylphenol-4-ethylguaiacol-and-4-ethylcatechol-in-red-wines-microbial-formation-prevention-remediation-and-overview-of-analytical-approaches
#15
Juliana Milheiro, Luís Filipe-Ribeiro, Alice Vilela, Fernanda Cosme, Fernando M Nunes
The presence of 4-ethylphenol, 4-ethylguaiacol and 4-ethylcatechol in red wines affect negatively their aroma conferring horsy, barnyard, smoky and medicinal aromatic notes. These volatile phenols formed from free hydroxycinnamic acids and their ethyl esters by Dekkera/Brettanomyces yeasts, can contaminate wines. Their formation can cause serious negative economic impact to the wine industry worldwide as consumers tend to reject these wines. For these reasons various preventive and remedial treatments have been studied...
December 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257910/obesity-and-neurological-disorders-dietary-perspective-of-a-global-menace
#16
Zuhaib F Bhat, James D Morton, Sue Mason, Alaa El-Din A Bekhit, Hina Fayaz Bhat
Obesity is considered a major public health concern throughout the world among children, adolescents, as well as adults and several therapeutic, preventive and dietary interventions are available. In addition to life style changes and medical interventions, significant milestones have been achieved in the past decades in the development of several functional foods and dietary regimens to reduce this menace. Being a multifactorial phenomenon and related to increased fat mass that adversely affects health, obesity has been associated with the development of several other co-morbidities...
December 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244536/dietary-intake-of-fish-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-observational-studies
#17
Omid Sadeghi, Kurosh Djafarian, Sima Ghorabi, Mahmoud Khodadost, Morteza Nasiri, Sakineh Shab-Bidar
Previous studies have shown that fish consumption and dietary intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) are associated with hip fracture; however, findings were conflicting. The present review aimed to summarize the current evidence on the association of fish consumption and dietary intake of n-3 PUFAs with hip fracture. The online databases of PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, ProQuest, Science Direct and Embase were searched until August 2017 for related publications using relevant keywords...
December 15, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244531/effects-of-natural-peptides-from-food-proteins-on-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-activity-and-hypertension
#18
Melanie Martin, Andreas Deussen
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death. The underlying pathophysiology is largely contributed by an overactivation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS). Herein, angiotensin II (AngII) is a key mediator not only in blood pressure control and vascular tone regulation, but also involved in inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis, hypertension and congestive heart failure. Since more than three decades suppression of AngII generation by inhibition of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) or blockade of the AngII-receptor has shown clinical benefit by reducing hypertension, atherosclerosis and other inflammation-associated cardiovascular diseases...
December 15, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236523/associations-between-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-and-vitamin-d
#19
Sandra Maria Barbalho, Ricardo de Alvares Goulart, Rodrigo Gallhardi Gasparini
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) are increasing sharply, and the common medications are not effective for most patients. Vitamin D (VD) has been considerate to reduce inflammatory processes and may be helpful in IBD. The aim of this review was to perform an update on the potential role of VD in the IBD. We performed a search for articles associating VD and IBD published in MEDLINE-PubMed and EMBASE. The focused question used for the search was "What is the association between Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Vitamin D?" The exclusion criteria for this search were studies not in English, editorials, case reports, or poster presentations...
December 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236516/trace-minerals-intake-risks-and-benefits-for-cardiovascular-health
#20
Noushin Mohammadifard, Karin H Humphries, Carolyn Gotay, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Andrew Ignaszewski, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
Minerals play a major role in regulating cardiovascular function. Imbalances in electrolyte minerals are frequent and potentially hazardous occurrences that may lead to the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Transition metals, such as iron, zinc, copper and selenium, play a major role in cell metabolism. However, there is controversy over the effects of dietary and supplemental intake of these metals on cardiovascular risk factors and events. Since their pro-oxidant or antioxidant functions can have different effects on cardiovascular health...
December 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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