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Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072844/advances-in-postharvest-technologies-to-extend-the-storage-life-of-minimally-processed-fruits-and-vegetables
#1
Asgar Ali, Wei Keat Yeoh, Charles Forney, Mohammed Wasim Siddiqui
Minimally processed fresh produce is one of the fastest growing segments of the food industry due to consumer demand for fresh, healthy, and convenient foods. However, mechanical operations of cutting and peeling induce the liberation of cellular contents at the site of wounding that can promote the growth of pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms. In addition, rates of tissue senescence can be enhanced resulting in reduced storage life of fresh-cut fruits and vegetables. Chlorine has been widely adopted in the disinfection and washing procedures of fresh-cut produce due to its low cost and efficacy against a broad spectrum of microorganisms...
October 26, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064726/relationship-between-wine-composition-and-temperature-impact-on-bordeaux-wine-typicity-in-the-context-of-global-warming-review
#2
Julie Drappier, Cécile Thibon, Amélie Rabot, Laurence Geny-Denis
Weather conditions throughout the year have a greater influence than other factors (such as soil and cultivars) on grapevine development and berry composition. Temperature affects gene expression and enzymatic activity of primary and secondary metabolism which determine grape ripening and wine characteristics. In the context of the climate change, temperatures will probably rise between 0.3°C and 1.7°C over the next 20 years. They are already rising and the physiology of grapevines is already changing. These modifications exert a profound shift in primary (sugar and organic acid balance) and secondary (phenolic and aromatic compounds) berry metabolisms and the resulting composition of wine...
October 24, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058947/the-oxidative-stability-of-omega-3-oil-in-water-nanoemulsion-systems-suitable-for-functional-food-enrichment-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Linda Bush, Leo Stevenson, Katie E Lane
There is growing demand for functional food products enriched with long chain omega-3 fatty acids (LCω3PUFA). Nanoemulsions, systems with extremely small droplet sizes have been shown to increase LCω3PUFA bioavailability. However, nanoemulsion creation and processing methods may impact on the oxidative stability of these systems. The present systematic review collates information from studies that evaluated the oxidative stability of LCω3PUFA nanoemulsions suitable for use in functional foods. The systematic search identified seventeen articles published during the last 10 years...
October 23, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053346/rebuttal-to-the-letter-plant-based-diets-do-not-prevent-most-chronic-diseases-of-fenton-et-al
#4
Monica Dinu, Alessandro Casini, Francesco Sofi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053004/effect-of-inositol-and-its-derivatives-on-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#5
Ayçıl Özturan, Sabriye Arslan, Betül Kocaadam, Emine Elibol, İdil İmamoğlu, Makbule Gezmen Karadağ
A growing body of research has investigated the association between inositol and diabetes. The purpose of this review is to report through a systematic way the current scientific evidence relating potential benefits of inositol isomers on diabetes/gestational diabetes. The screening of the studies published last decade was performed in 4 databases (Pubmed-Web of Science-The Cochrane Library-Lilacs). Among the 1640 studies identified in the search, only 26 studies had sufficient data to be included in the systematic review...
October 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053003/detoxification-of-cancerogenic-compounds-by-lactic-acid-bacteria-strains
#6
Zhao Lili, Wei Junyan, Zhao Hongfei, Zhu Baoqing, Zhang Bolin
Carcinogens in food are an important issue that threat people's health right now. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains as well-known probiotics have shown numerous perspectives in being used as a good food additive to confront cancerogenic compounds in recent years. Some LAB strains can remove cancerogenic compounds from medium environment via direct physical binding and avoid re-pollution of poisonous secondary metabolites which are generated from degradation of cancerogenic compounds. This article presents a whole overview of the physical-binding of LAB strains to such common cancerogenic compounds existed in food and feed environments as mycotoxins, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), heterocyclic amines (HAs) and pthalic acid esters (PAEs)...
October 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040028/elaboration-in-type-primary-structure-and-bioactivity-of-polysaccharides-derived-from-mollusks
#7
Ling Chong Wang, Liu Qing Di, Jun Song Li, Li Hong Hu, Jian Ming Cheng, Hao Wu
Over the past decades, numerous Mollusca species have received more attention in development and utilization as valuable bio-resources. Many efforts have been focused on investigating mollusk polysaccharides because of their rich content, ease of extraction, diversified sorts, specific structure, various biofunctions and potent activities. To date, many mollusks, especially species of gastropods, bivalves, or cephalopods, have been reported containing polysaccharide compounds in tissues with abundant amount, and most of polysaccharides are obtainable through combining techniques of extraction, separation and purification...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040025/effect-of-chronic-consumption-of-pistachios-pistacia-vera-l-on-glucose-metabolism-in-pre-diabetics-and-type-2-diabetics-a-systematic-review
#8
P V M Ribeiro, A Silva, A P Almeida, H H Hermsdorff, R C Alfenas
Pistachio is a nut with high polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), polyphenols and carotenoids content, and the synergism between these compounds appears to affect glucose metabolism. In this systematic review we analyzed studies in which the effect of chronic consumption of pistachio on markers of glucose metabolism was evaluated in pre-diabetic and type 2 diabetics. We used the PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane and Lilacs databases. The research terms used were pistachio, pre-diabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, blood glucose, hyperglycemia and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040011/bioactive-edible-films-for-food-applications-influence-of-the-bioactive-compounds-on-film-structure-and-properties
#9
Nasreddine Benbettaïeb, Thomas Karbowiak, Frédéric Debeaufort
Nowadays, a new generation of edible films is being especially designed for incorporating antimicrobials, antioxidants, enzymes or functional ingredients. Edible films made from natural biopolymers become the focus of many research works as an alternative to synthetic food packaging due to their edibility, biodegradability and compostability as well as to their use as active packaging. Active compounds incorporated in edible films could protect foods against deterioration during storage and therefore extend their shelf life...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039970/food-groups-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-stroke-and-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#10
Angela Bechthold, Heiner Boeing, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Stefaan De Henauw, Nathalie Michels, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Sabrina Schlesinger, Lukas Schwingshackl
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence for food-based dietary patterns' potential to reduce cardiovascular disease risk, knowledge about the amounts of food associated with the greatest change in risk of specific cardiovascular outcomes and about the quality of meta-evidence is limited. Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups (whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages [SSB]) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and heart failure (HF)...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039967/central-obesity-and-the-mediterranean-diet-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-trials
#11
C L Bendall, H L Mayr, R S Opie, M Bes-Rastrollo, C Itsiopoulos, C J Thomas
Central obesity is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation, and is a risk factor for cardiometabolic syndrome. The Mediterranean diet pattern has a convincing evidence-base for improving cardiometabolic health. This review investigated the impact of Mediterranean diet interventions on central obesity, specifically. A systematic literature search was conducted in the MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and Cochrane library databases. Search terms included: 'Mediterranean Diet', 'Mediterranean dietary pattern', 'central obesity' and 'visceral fat'...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035571/flavonoids-in-fruits-and-vegetables-after-thermal-and-nonthermal-processing-a-review
#12
Maruf Ahmed, Jong-Bang Eun
Consumers currently demand more nutritious food, which is minimally processed and naturally produced. Flavonoids are one of the major plant metabolites found throughout the plant kingdom, especially in fruits and vegetables. Flavonoids exert tremendous positive effects on health and protect against various diseases. Fruits and vegetables are difficult to store for a long period, owing to their perishable nature even at low temperatures. Therefore, processing is necessary to prolong their shelf lives and increase nutritional values...
October 16, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035092/vitamin-d-supplementation-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-critical-and-systematic-review-of-clinical-trials
#13
Nasrin Sharifi, Reza Amani
Previous observational studies have found a relationship between vitamin D deficiency and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, this type of study could not show the causal relationship between these two conditions. Therefore, we systematically and critically reviewed the available clinical trials to elucidate such relationship. We searched databases such as Medline, Scopus and Cochrane to identify the clinical trials that assessed the effects of vitamin D supplementation in adults with NAFLD...
October 16, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027830/occurrence-types-properties-and-interactions-of-phenolic-compounds-with-other-food-constituents-in-oil-bearing-plants
#14
Muhammad H Alu'datt, Taha Rababah, Mohammad N Alhamad, Ghaid J Al-Rabadi, Carole C Tranchant, Ali Almajwal, Stan Kubow, Inteaz Alli
Phenolic phytochemicals have become of interest due to their therapeutic potential, particularly with regards to their anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic, and hypoglycemic properties. An evolving area of research involving phenolics in foods and their products pertains to the functional, biological, and nutritional consequences resulting from the binding between certain phenolic compounds and the macronutrient and micronutrient constituents of foods. The goal of this review is to provide a summary of studies investigating endogenous phenolic interactions with major components in food systems, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, minerals and vitamins, with a focus on the phenolic compounds and nutrients in oil-bearing plants...
October 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020461/peptides-production-bioactivity-functionality-and-applications
#15
Mona Hajfathalian, Sakhi Ghelichi, Pedro J García-Moreno, Ann-Dorit Moltke Sørensen, Charlotte Jacobsen
Production of peptides with various effects from proteins of different sources continues to receive academic attention. Researchers of different disciplines are putting increasing efforts to produce bioactive and functional peptides from different sources such as plants, animals, and food industry by-products. The aim of this review is to introduce production methods of hydrolysates and peptides and provide a comprehensive overview of their bioactivity in terms of their effects on immune, cardiovascular, nervous, and gastrointestinal systems...
October 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020460/toxoplasma-gondii-infection-and-food-consumption-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-case-controlled-studies
#16
Simone Belluco, Giulia Simonato, Marzia Mancin, Mario Pietrobelli, Antonia Ricci
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease causing severe symptoms in pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals. On average, worldwide, around 30% of people are seropositive. The oral transmission route is of great significance and food, particularly meat, is an important transmission vehicle for T. gondii. However, the role of different food matrices is debated. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to assess the risk of humans developing acute T. gondii infection via the foodborne route...
October 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020459/effect-of-pre-harvest-and-post-harvest-conditions-on-the-fruit-allergenicity-a-review
#17
Jin Wang, Sai Kranthi Vanga, Vijaya Raghavan
Fruits are an important source of vitamins and antioxidants that can effectively delay aging and contribute to health and well-being of the human kind. However, they are growing to be one of the primary elicitors of food allergies around the world. Fruit allergens can induce an IgE-mediated (Immunoglobulin E) reaction, presenting with a symptom like localized oral allergy syndrome (OAS). Numerous studies showed that varying environmental and cultivation conditions can influence the fruit allergen content during flowering and ripening stages...
October 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020456/the-management-of-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-nutritional-viewpoint
#18
Marco Gallo, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Genoveffa Pizza, Rosaria Maddalena Ruggeri, Luigi Barrea, Antongiulio Faggiano, Annamaria Colao
Nutritional status in patients with neuroendocrine tumours (NETs), especially of gastroenteropancreatic origin, can be deeply affected by excessive production of gastrointestinal hormones, peptides, and amines, which can lead to malabsorption, diarrhoea, steatorrhea, and altered gastrointestinal motility. Besides, the surgical and/or medical management of NETs can lead to alteration of gastrointestinal secretory, motor, and absorptive functions, with both dietary and nutritional consequences. Indeed, disease-related malnutrition is a frequently encountered yet both underrecognized and understudied clinical phenomenon in patients with NETs, with substantial prognostic and socioeconomic consequences...
October 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980828/the-role-of-taste-in-alcohol-preference-consumption-and-risk-behavior
#19
Margaret Thibodeau, Gary J Pickering
Alcohol consumption is widespread, and high levels of use are associated with increased risk of developing an alcohol use disorder. Thus, understanding the factors that influence alcohol intake is important for disease prevention and management. Additionally, elucidating the factors that associate with alcohol preference and intake in non-clinical populations allows for product development and optimisation opportunities for the alcoholic beverage industry. The literature on how taste (orosensation) influences alcohol behavior is critically appraised in this review...
October 5, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976227/phenolic-acids-in-cereal-grain-occurrence-biosynthesis-metabolism-and-role-in-living-organisms
#20
Kinga Stuper-Szablewska, Juliusz Perkowski
Studies on plant metabolism, including those on cereals, increasingly focus on plant phenolic compounds, e.g. phenolic acids and flavonoids. The aim of this study was to present a comprehensive picture of major phenolic acids in grain, starting from their biosynthesis, their occurrence and finally their role in the vegetation of cereals. It is clearly connected with the polygenic plant resistance to pathogens, particularly toxin-forming fungi. Other crucial aspects include the transformations that take place during the technological processing of grain, their metabolic pathway in the human organism as well as the presentation of the health-promoting effect of grain processing products containing phenolic acids...
October 4, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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