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Journal of Aging & Social Policy

Deborah J Schofield, Emily J Callander, Simon J Kelly, Rupendra N Shrestha
This paper examines the relationship between health and workforce participation beyond the age of 65 years in Australia. It found that people with a chronic health condition were less likely to be employed than those without a health condition (OR 0.59, 95% CI: 0.38-0.92). Amongst those with a chronic health condition, those in income quartile 2 (OR 0.27, 95% CI: 0.11-0.67) and 3 (OR 0.38, 95% CI: 0.15-0.93) were significantly less likely to be employed, relative those in income quartile 4. Older workers with a chronic health condition were less likely to work beyond the age of 65, however amongst those with a chronic health condition, those with very high income and those with very low incomes were the most likely to keep working...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Anniken Hagelund, Anne Skevik Grødem
Recent pension reforms in Norway mean that old age pensions to a greater extent are a function of adaptations made and decisions taken throughout the lifetime. How much you work, who you work for, when you retire and how you invest will influence your standard of living as an old age pensioner. The paper investigates one important source of information about retirement and pension, namely service journalism in main national newspapers. How is the issue of pension framed in these articles? And what kind of advice is presented by which kind of actors? Findings indicate that service journalism is dominated by pension industry sources, and old age pension is framed as a function of individual investment choices rather than as citizens' rights...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Francis G Caro, Edward Alan Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Matthew C Nattinger, Brian Kaskie
Continued growth in the number of individuals with dementia residing in assisted living (AL) facilities raises concerns about their safety and protection. However, unlike federally regulated nursing facilities, AL facilities are state-regulated and there is a high degree of variation among policies designed to protect persons with dementia. Despite the important role these protection policies have in shaping the quality of life of persons with dementia residing in AL facilities, little is known about their formation...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Georgia Casanova, Giovanni Lamura, Andrea Principi
The international long-term care (LTC) debate has recently been focusing on how to strengthen home care provision. In this regard, a major role has been played by informal care and how to best integrate it in a holistic care approach. Italy and Spain, usually labeled as "familialist" or "family-based" care models, have been promoting national reforms or actions to support the integration of "informal" actors into the overall LTC system. Through a comparative review of recent trends observed in the two care regimes, this article aims at contributing to improve our cross-national understanding of how LTC is changing across Europe, identifying the basic approaches adopted in Italy and Spain and highlighting both their strengths and drawbacks...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Andrea Louise Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Hong Li, Ling Xu, Iris Chi
Guided by Cantor's social care model, this study identified individual, family, and social support factors that influence urban older adults' need for home- and community-based services, including medical and rehabilitation, instrumental care and support, and psychosocial services. The data were extracted from the Sample Survey on Aged Population in Urban/Rural China conducted by the China Research Center on Aging in 2006. Results from multiple logistic regression show that older adults' need for medical and rehabilitation services is significantly related to instrumental activities of daily living, depression, not having filial children, friend support networks, and having a confidant...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Min Li, Cuntong Wang
The new rural cooperative medical system (NCMS) is the primary form of social insurance in rural China. This study aims to explore how the NCMS influences the health care seeking behaviors of middle-aged and older Chinese, considering the family and community contexts. A series of multi-level (three-level) models using data from the first wave of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) are used. We find that the presence of NCMS coverage has a statistically significant association with seeking inpatient and outpatient care but not physical checkups among middle-aged and older rural Chinese: Rural residents insured by NCMS were more likely to seek inpatient and outpatient care than people who were not insured...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Brian P Kaskie, Carol Leung, Mark S Kaplan
A central objective of the Surgeon General's National Strategy for Suicide Prevention is to focus on older adults. We review individual risk-factors for suicide in late life and then introduce an ecological model to expand conceptualization of elder suicide. We first look at the role of firearms, providing evidence that firearm availability increases the means of elder suicide and gun access policies can contribute to reducing risk. Next, we focus on primary care providers, documenting how older adults often come into contact with these professionals before ending their lives and how these providers could take a more active role in mediating individual-level risk factors...
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Francis Caro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Emma Aguila, Nelly Mejia, Francisco Perez-Arce, Edgar Ramirez, Alfonso Rivera Illingworth
Population aging coupled with high poverty rates among older persons and a lack of access to social-security benefits or traditional support systems have led governments in low and middle-income countries to introduce non-contributory pension programs for the elderly. This article reviews a non-contributory pension program introduced in Mexico in 2007 that has since expanded greatly. We use a variety of sources to estimate current and future costs of this program.
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Paula Carder, Gretchen Luhr, Jacklyn Kohon
Affordable housing is an important form of income security for low-income older persons. This article describes characteristics of older persons waitlisted for either public housing or a housing choice voucher (HCV; previously Section 8) in Portland, Oregon. 358 persons (32% response rate) completed a mailed survey with questions about demographics, health and housing status, food insecurity, and preference for housing with services. Findings indicate that many waitlisted older persons experienced homelessness or housing instability, poor health, high hospital use, and food insecurity...
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Esther Iecovich
Supportive housing schemes were historically aimed to provide group accommodation for older adults. With the aging of residents, facilities were required to enable them to receive care services in order to allow them to age in place. Thus, different countries and different facilities developed different models of housing with care, reflecting cultural and policy diversities. Despite all of the different models, there are many commonalities among the supportive housing schemes across countries. These include provision of dwelling units and care services provided by either the facility or by external agencies...
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Eunhee Choi
Federal older worker programs are attracting attention due to the growing number of older workers across the world. They are uniquely situated to provide out-of-market work opportunities to older job seekers, who often find their age a barrier to securing desirable jobs. In 2004, the Korean government established its own program, the Korean Senior Employment Program (KSEP); however, literature for international readers on this innovative program is lacking. Thus, this article aims to provide an in-depth description of KSEP and a brief comparison between the Senior Community Service Employment Program in the U...
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Lin Chen, Wen-Jui Han
Facing dramatic growth in its elderly population, Shanghai, China's economic center, has strategically exercised decentralized policy-making power to develop community-based service centers for the elderly. A growing number of elders have been using such services, particular dining services, since 2007. We discuss the evolution in community-based eldercare services in Shanghai, using dining services as an example. We also compare these service centers in Shanghai to multipurpose senior centers in the United States to offer policy recommendations for Shanghai and China's growing eldercare industry...
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Rachel Winterton
This qualitative study critically explores the barriers experienced by diverse rural community stakeholders in facilitating environments that enable age-friendly social participation. Twenty-six semi-structured interviews were conducted across two rural Australian communities with stakeholders from local government, health, social care, and community organizations. Findings identify that rural community stakeholders face significant difficulties in securing resources for groups and activities catering to older adults, which subsequently impacts their capacity to undertake outreach to older adults...
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Carola Burkert, Daniela Hochfellner
Within the political and academic debate on working longer, post-retirement employment is discussed as an alternative to maintain older workers in the labor market. Our paper enhances this discussion by studying determinants of transitions into post-retirement jobs within differing work environments of birth cohorts 1940-1942. We estimate proportional sub-hazard models accounting for competing risks using unique German social security data linked to pension accounts. Our findings suggest that individuals' preferences to take up post-retirement jobs are not mutually exclusive...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Leonard W Poon, Peter Martin, Bo Hagberg
Understanding human development among the oldest old is a sequential building process taking into account building-block data, theories, and models from childhood, adulthood, and old age toward a new territory of oldest-old survivors who have lived way beyond the average life-span. A central question is whether the oldest-old survivors have developed specific survival techniques and/or protective environments that nurture survival. Or are the oldest old statistical outliers who by happenstance continue to survive further into old age? This commentary provides a historical framework on the papers in this series that describe challenges confronted by the oldest-old survivors in order to advance our understanding of survival of the oldest old...
July 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
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