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Journal of Aging & Social Policy

Philip Rocco
Informal caregivers play an increasingly important role in caring for aging Americans. Yet existing social policies that could support informal caregiving have experienced "policy drift," a failure to adapt to social risks that develop after policies are initially enacted. This article examines policymakers' success at updating seven major policies to address caregiver needs. It draws on an original dataset of legislation in this area introduced between 1991 and 2006 (n = 96). Findings indicate that drift is more likely when policy updates are costly, lack support from members of majority parties in the House and Senate, and fail to generate bipartisan support...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Lori Gonzalez
For over four decades, the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) has been operated by non-profit organizations. Research has demonstrated that non-profit PACE provides quality, cost-effective community-based care to older adults who would otherwise require a nursing home-level of care. Recently, the U.S. Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services has authorized for-profit entities to operate PACE, contingent on their ability to demonstrate that they can provide care that is similar to non-profit PACE with regard to access to care, quality of care and cost-effectiveness...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Luisa R Blanco, Emma Aguila, Arturo Gongora, O Kenrik Duru
We conducted a qualitative study on retirement preparedness among middle-aged and older low-income Hispanics in Los Angeles. Data derived from four focus groups conducted in the greater Los Angeles area. Findings demonstrate how behavioral and cultural factors-family experiences, religiosity, and denial of retirement-explain the lack of savings and preparedness for retirement. Findings also indicate that the majority of participants want to be economically independent and to keep working until they are unable to do so...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Francis G Caro, Edward Alan Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Galina Khatutsky, Joshua M Wiener, Angela M Greene, Nga T Thach
Using the 2014 Survey of Long-Term Care Awareness and Planning, this article examines Americans' experiences, knowledge, and concerns about long-term services and supports (LTSS) and actions they are willing to take if they become disabled. The survey included 15,298 non-institutionalized respondents aged 40 to 70 years drawn from a nationally representative sample. Although many reported some experience with LTSS, knowledge of how LTSS worked was low. Respondents reported widespread concerns about becoming disabled...
January 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Masa Higo, Thomas R Klassen
Faced with an unparalleled rate of population aging, Japan and Korea have been reforming their retirement policies. To date, however, while the age of mandatory retirement has increased, employees continue to face significant decreases in compensation and other working conditions, typically at age 60 in Japan and age 55 in Korea. Three factors have contributed to shaping the path of the policy reforms in both the countries, including (1) the productivist welfare regimes, (2) the structure of the labor market for young workers, and (3) seniority-based wage and compensation systems...
January 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Julie Bobitt, Andiara Schwingel
While U.S. national policies have been developed to support evidence-based (EB) lifestyle programs for older adults, there has been limited research to determine the extent to which these programs actually reach local communities. This study sought to identify factors that impact the implementation of EB physical activity, nutrition, and chronic disease management programs at regional (Area Agencies on Aging [AAAs]) and community levels (senior Centers [SCs]). Interviews were conducted with directors of four AAAs and 12 SCs to understand their perspectives on EB program implementation...
January 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Anu Siren, Sine Grønborg Knudsen
Based on data from a survey (n = 3291) and 14 qualitative interviews among Danish older adults, this study investigated the use of, and attitudes toward, information communications technology (ICT) and the digital delivery of public services. While age, gender, and socioeconomic status were associated with use of ICT, these determinants lost their explanatory power when we controlled for attitudes and experiences. We identified three segments that differed in their use of ICT and attitudes toward digital service delivery...
January 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Bei Lu, Xiaoting Liu, Mingxu Yang
Long-term care (LTC) policy is at an experimental stage in China, characterized by various regional pilot programs. The public cost of LTC is difficult to estimate due to a lack of clarity about policy detail from the central government. This article analyzes the current disabled status for vulnerable older people without sufficient financial resources and family supports. It focuses on estimating a safety net public subsidy policy for LTC services in China, both for today and into the future, using China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS) data, 2011 wave, with the methods of multinomial logistic regression and simulation...
January 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Lorand Kristof, Richard H Fortinsky, Kathy Kellett, Martha Porter, Julie Robison
This study examined experiences of 156 informal caregivers of older adults who transitioned to the community through the Connecticut Money Follows the Person (MFP) Rebalancing Demonstration after prolonged nursing home stays. Caregiver burden, positive aspects of caregiving, depressive symptoms, anxiety, and comparative subjective stress were examined in relation to caregiver demographics and care receiver characteristics with a cross-sectional survey. Caregivers reported low burden, depressive symptoms, and anxiety, and fairly high levels of positive aspects of caregiving and satisfaction with community services...
January 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Iris Karev, Israel Issi Doron
The right to leisure is recognized as a human right under the 1948 United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The actual meaning and material content of this human right is subject to debate. The aim of this study is to examine the extent and the context to which this human right is specifically recognized with regard to older persons. Methodologically, this study textually analyzed 17 different international older persons' human rights documents. The findings reveal that in the majority of these documents there is no reference to the right to leisure...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Kai You, Robert L Strawderman, Yue Li
Medicare Part D has been successful in providing affordable prescription drug coverage with relatively high levels of beneficiary reported satisfaction. We use nationally representative survey data to examine whether racial/ethnic disparities exist in reported Part D satisfaction and plan evaluations. Compared to non-Hispanic White Medicare beneficiaries, Hispanic beneficiaries are considerably more likely to report to switch to a new plan in the next year and, among beneficiaries auto-enrolled in a Part D plan, are less likely to be very satisfied with the currently enrolled plan...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Moritz Hess
This study investigates whether older workers have adapted their preferred retirement age to the pension reforms aimed at extending working life. Based on data from Eurobarometer and the European Social Survey in 12 European countries, the analysis shows that future pensioners have indeed increased their preferred retirement age and adjusted to the new credo of late retirement. However, the strength of the increase was found to vary between different groups of older workers: it is much stronger for the higher educated than for the lower educated...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Deborah J Schofield, Emily J Callander, Simon J Kelly, Rupendra N Shrestha
This paper examines the relationship between health and workforce participation beyond the age of 65 years in Australia. It found that people with a chronic health condition were less likely to be employed than those without a health condition (OR 0.59, 95% CI: 0.38-0.92). Amongst those with a chronic health condition, those in income quartile 2 (OR 0.27, 95% CI: 0.11-0.67) and 3 (OR 0.38, 95% CI: 0.15-0.93) were significantly less likely to be employed, relative those in income quartile 4. Older workers with a chronic health condition were less likely to work beyond the age of 65, however amongst those with a chronic health condition, those with very high income and those with very low incomes were the most likely to keep working...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Anniken Hagelund, Anne Skevik Grødem
Recent pension reforms in Norway mean that old age pensions to a greater extent are a function of adaptations made and decisions taken throughout the lifetime. How much you work, who you work for, when you retire and how you invest will influence your standard of living as an old age pensioner. The paper investigates one important source of information about retirement and pension, namely service journalism in main national newspapers. How is the issue of pension framed in these articles? And what kind of advice is presented by which kind of actors? Findings indicate that service journalism is dominated by pension industry sources, and old age pension is framed as a function of individual investment choices rather than as citizens' rights...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Brian P Kaskie, Carol Leung, Mark S Kaplan
A central objective of the Surgeon General's National Strategy for Suicide Prevention is to focus on older adults. We review individual risk-factors for suicide in late life and then introduce an ecological model to expand conceptualization of elder suicide. We first look at the role of firearms, providing evidence that firearm availability increases the means of elder suicide and gun access policies can contribute to reducing risk. Next, we focus on primary care providers, documenting how older adults often come into contact with these professionals before ending their lives and how these providers could take a more active role in mediating individual-level risk factors...
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Francis Caro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Emma Aguila, Nelly Mejia, Francisco Perez-Arce, Edgar Ramirez, Alfonso Rivera Illingworth
Population aging coupled with high poverty rates among older persons and a lack of access to social-security benefits or traditional support systems have led governments in low and middle-income countries to introduce non-contributory pension programs for the elderly. This article reviews a non-contributory pension program introduced in Mexico in 2007 that has since expanded greatly. We use a variety of sources to estimate current and future costs of this program.
October 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
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