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Administration and Policy in Mental Health

David H Sommerfeld, Gregory A Aarons, Jeanean B Naqvi, Jason Holden, Dimitri Perivoliotis, Kim T Mueser, Eric Granholm
This study examined stakeholder perceptions of the "fit" between cognitive-behavioral social skills training (CBSST) and assertive community treatment (ACT) when implementing CBSST into existing community-based ACT teams. Focus group feedback was collected from a diverse set of stakeholders (i.e., clients, providers, supervisors, agency administrators, public sector representatives, and intervention developers). Results identified perceived client and provider benefits for integrating CBSST into ACT while highlighting the importance of purposeful adaptations, training, and implementation tools to facilitate structural and values fit between CBSST and ACT...
November 8, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Winnie W S Mak, Randolph C H Chan, Sania S W Yau
Recovery-oriented transformation of mental health service systems not only necessitates changes in mental health policies and practices, it also requires an adoption of recovery-oriented mindset, which includes knowledge and attitudes, among service providers. It is also important that service users are informed about the changes and can fully participate in the process. The present study developed and evaluated the efficacy of a recovery psychoeducation program in enhancing recovery-oriented knowledge and attitudes among mental health service providers and users in Hong Kong...
November 7, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Allyson L Dir, Lisa Saldana, Jason E Chapman, Matthew C Aalsma
Despite high rates of mental health problems among juvenile justice-involved youth, mental health stigma among juvenile probation officers (JPOs) is under-studied. This cross-sectional study examined effects of job burnout and workplace participatory atmosphere on mental health stigma among JPOs across Indiana (n = 226). Participatory atmosphere moderated the relationship between JPO burnout-related cynicism and mental health stigma (interaction β = - 0.14, p = .04); burnout was related to greater mental health stigma at low levels of participatory atmosphere...
November 3, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Jessica F Saunders, Asia A Eaton, Stacy L Frazier
This qualitative study draws on a photo-elicitation method ("PhotoVoice") and semi-structured interviews to examine the key areas stakeholders (30 young women between the ages of 18 and 35 in eating disorder recovery) identify as meaningful venues of policy-based change. Photography and the accompanying narratives capturing personally-meaningful social, cultural, and systemic influences on recovery were shared with the research team. Photographs and interviews were examined for policy implications using thematic analysis, and six areas of improvement emerged: media, healthcare practice and access, health insurance reform, education, objectification of the female body, and mental health stigma...
October 26, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Christopher J Miller, Jennifer L Sullivan, Bo Kim, A Rani Elwy, Karen L Drummond, Samantha Connolly, Rachel P Riendeau, Mark S Bauer
The Collaborative Care Model (CCM) is an evidence-based approach for structuring care for chronic health conditions. Attempts to implement CCM-based care in a given setting depend, however, on the extent to which care in that setting is already aligned with the specific elements of CCM-based care. We therefore interviewed staff from ten outpatient mental health teams in the US Department of Veterans Affairs to determine whether care delivery was consistent or inconsistent with CCM-based care in those settings...
October 23, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Edwin S Wong, Matthew L Maciejewski, Paul L Hebert, John C Fortney, Chuan-Fen Liu
Older veterans can obtain care from the Veterans Affairs Health System (VA), Medicare or both. We examined whether their use of mental health care was impacted by capacity effects stemming from younger, uninsured veterans' enrolling in VA to satisfy the individual mandate within Massachusetts Health Reform (MHR). Using administrative data, we applied a difference-in-difference approach to compare pre-post changes in mental health use following MHR implementation. Findings indicated MHR was associated with increases in use through Medicare and the probability of dual VA-Medicare use...
October 20, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Bowen McBeath, Emmeline Chuang, Sarah Carnochan, Michael J Austin, Marla Stuart
Despite emerging evidence of contracting for evidence-based practices (EBP), little research has studied how managers lead contract-based human service delivery. A 2015 survey of 193 managers from five San Francisco Bay Area county human service departments examined the relationship between contract-based service coordination (i.e., structuring cross-sector services, coordinating client referrals and eligibility, overseeing EBP implementation) and the predictors of managerial role, involvement, and boundary spanning...
October 5, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Jerrica Little, John P Hirdes, Christopher M Perlman, Samantha B Meyer
Delayed discharges constitute an ongoing issue in psychiatric facilities. This study examined clinical predictors of 30-day delayed discharges in all designated inpatient mental health units within Ontario, Canada. Data for 76,184 inpatient episodes were obtained from 68 psychiatric facilities between 2011 and 2013. Risk factors for delayed discharges were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. Indicators of functional, social, and cognitive impairment positively predicted delayed discharges, while symptoms of mental illness were inversely related...
October 3, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Elizabeth H Connors, Jason Schiffman, Kathleen Stein, Sarah LeDoux, John Landsverk, Sharon Hoover
Community-partnered school behavioral health (CP-SBH) is a model whereby schools partner with local community agencies to deliver services. This mixed-methods study examined 80 CP-SBH clinicians' adoption and implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) approaches following mandated training. Forty-four clinicians were randomly assigned to one of two training conditions for a modular common elements approach to EBPs; 36 clinicians were preselected for training in a non-modular EBP. EBP knowledge improved for all training conditions at 8-month follow-up and practice element familiarity improved for modular approach training conditions, but the modular condition including ongoing consultation did not yield better results...
September 22, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Rachel R Ouellette, Melanie Pellecchia, Rinad S Beidas, Rukiya Wideman, Ming Xie, David S Mandell
This study examined the association between (1) beginning-of-the-year emotional exhaustion and use of three evidence-based practices (EBP) for children with autism spectrum disorder; and (2) use of these EBP and end-of-year emotional exhaustion among 46 kindergarden to 2nd grade autism support teachers participating in a randomized trial. Emotional exhaustion was measured at the end and beginning of the school year using a subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Fidelity was measured using monthly observations, coded by research assistants trained to reliability...
September 17, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Evelyn Cho, Phillip K Wood, Erin K Taylor, Estee M Hausman, Jack H Andrews, Kristin M Hawley
Previous surveys indicate infrequent use of evidence-based treatment (EBT) manuals in usual care youth mental health, but the extent to which providers use core and common EBT strategies and what contextual factors impact EBT strategy implementation need further study. In a national, multidisciplinary survey of 1092 youth-serving providers, providers reported regular use of many EBT strategies. Provider learning theory orientation, more recent degree, more standardized and ongoing assessment use, more positive attitudes toward innovation and evidence, fewer low-income clients, and perceptions that their agency valued quality care and provided fewer training resources predicted more frequent EBT strategy use...
September 12, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Joshua Breslau, Bradley D Stein, Hao Yu, Rachel M Burns, Bing Han
We examine the impact of insurance expansion under the Affordable Care Act's Dependent Care Expansion (DCE) on allocation of mental health care across illness severity, types of care and racial/ethnic groups. Evidence suggests that the increase in mental health care utilization resulting from the DCE was restricted to individuals with clinically significant mental health conditions. There is no evidence suggesting that the increase occurred disproportionately in medication-only treatment or that it increased racial/ethnic disparities...
September 10, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Mohammad Akbari, Mousa Alavi, Jahangir Maghsoudi, Alireza Irajpour, Violeta Lopez, Michelle Cleary
Responsive support systems, designed and promoted by policy makers, are critical in supporting family caregivers. The purpose of this study was to explore viewpoints of service providers in supporting family caregivers of mental health patients in Iran. In this qualitative study, a purposive sample of 29 service providers and policy makers consented to participate in semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed through qualitative content analysis and three main categories and seven sub-categories were identified...
August 31, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Xiaoling Xiang, Randall Owen, F L Fredrik G Langi, Kiyoshi Yamaki, Dale Mitchell, Tamar Heller, Amol Karmarkar, Dustin French, Neil Jordan
This study assessed the impact of the Integrated Care Program (ICP), a new Medicaid managed care model in Illinois, on health services utilization and costs for adults with behavioral health conditions. Data sources included Medicaid claims, encounter records, and state payment data for 28,127 persons with a behavioral health diagnosis. Difference-in-differences models, in conjunction with propensity score weighting, were used to compare utilization and costs between ICP enrollees and a fee-for-service (FFS) comparison group...
August 31, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
A L van Melle, Y Voskes, H C W de Vet, J van der Meijs, C L Mulder, G A M Widdershoven
This study aims to validate the HIC monitor as a model-fidelity scale to the High and Intensive Care (HIC) model, a recently developed model for acute psychiatric wards. To assess the psychometric properties of the HIC monitor, 37 audits were held on closed inpatient wards at 20 psychiatric hospitals in the Netherlands. Interrater reliability, construct validity and content validity were examined. Our results suggest that the HIC monitor has good psychometric properties. It can be used as a tool for assessing the implementation of the HIC model on acute psychiatric wards in the Netherlands, and for quality assessment and improvement...
August 17, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Karen T G Schwartz, Amanda A Bowling, John F Dickerson, Frances L Lynch, David A Brent, Giovanna Porta, Satish Iyengar, V Robin Weersing
The current study evaluated the interrater reliability of the Child and Adolescent Services Assessment (CASA), a widely used structured interview measuring pediatric mental health service use. Interviews (N = 72) were randomly selected from a pediatric effectiveness trial, and audio was coded by an independent rater. Regressions were employed to identify predictors of rater disagreement. Interrater reliability was high for items (> 94%) and summary metrics (ICC > .79) across service sectors...
November 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Kalyani Gopalan, Marcela Horvitz Lennon, Bradley D Stein, Frank Ghinassi, Nicholas Castle, Joyce Chang, Julie Donohue
People with mental illnesses (MI) receive suboptimal care for medical comorbidities and their high risk for readmission may be addressed by adequate medication management and follow-up care. We examined the association between MI, medication changes, and post-discharge outpatient visits with 30-day readmission in 40,048 Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure or pneumonia. Beneficiaries with MI were more likely to be readmitted than those without MI (14 vs. 11%). Probability of readmission was 13 and 12% when medications were dropped or added, respectively, versus 11% when no change was made...
November 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Shereen Hussein
Social workers (SWs) provide emotional and practical support to vulnerable service users who are likely to suffer from emotional trauma and mental health conditions. Stress and burnout levels are reported to be high among SWs, however, little is known about their relationships with different characteristics. The current article utilises unique and large dataset (n = 3786) on SWs working in adults and children's services to examine factors associated with burnout. Employing job-demand/resources model and structural equations modelling, we highlight the varying significant impact of work-engagement, administrative support and work experience as moderating factors to burnout across adult and children service specialism in this sample...
November 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Gail L Daumit, Seema Choksy, Sarah Linden, Emma E McGinty
Despite the proliferation of initiatives to integrate services for people with serious mental illness (SMI), measures of distinct dimensions of integration, such as spatial arrangement and care team expertise, are lacking. Such measures are needed to support organizations' assessment of progress toward integrated service delivery. We developed measures characterizing integration of behavioral, somatic, and social services to operationalize the integrated care dimensions conceived by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...
November 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Alex R Dopp, Cindy M Schaeffer, Cynthia Cupit Swenson, Jennifer S Powell
This study evaluated the economics of Multisystemic Therapy for Child Abuse and Neglect (MST-CAN) by applying the Washington State Institute for Public Policy (WSIPP) cost-benefit model to data from a randomized effectiveness trial with 86 families (Swenson et al. in JFP 24:497-507, 2010b). The net benefit of MST-CAN, versus enhanced outpatient treatment, was $26,655 per family at 16 months post-baseline. Stated differently, every dollar spent on MST-CAN recovered $3.31 in savings to participants, taxpayers, and society at large...
November 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
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