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Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect

Jingjin Shao, Weiping Du, Tian Lin, Xiying Li, Jiamei Li, Huijie Lei
The present study aimed to clarify whether it is credulity or general trust that specifically affects vulnerability to fraud, as well as investigating the mediating role of susceptibility to persuasion and the moderating role of greed in this relationship. 254 Chinese older adults completed measures of credulity, general trust, susceptibility to persuasion, greed, and vulnerability to fraud. The results showed that credulity, but not general trust, was positively correlated with vulnerability to fraud, after controlling for demographic covariates...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Brad Cannell, Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez, Melvin Livingston, Katelyn K Jetelina, Jason Burnett, Julie C Weitlauf
OBJECTIVE: To pilot test the feasibility of implementing an elder abuse (EA) screening tool (DETECT) designed for medics. METHODS: Testing occurred between September 17th, 2015 and October 26th, 2015. MedStar Mobile Healthcare medics completed the DETECT tool when responding to calls for community-dwelling patients 65 years of age or older. RESULTS: The DETECT tool was used 1,248 times by 97% of medics responding to an eligible 911 call. Medics responded affirmatively to at least one screening item on 209 of the completed screenings (16...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Rebecca C Campbell, Peter A Lichtenberg, Latoya N Hall, Jeanne A Teresi, Katja Ocepek-Welikson
Older adults with cognitive impairment are a population at great risk for financial exploitation. At-risk older adults often have difficulty reporting on their own financial abilities. Collecting information from trusted others is vital for professionals investigating the financial exploitation older adults. There are few reliable, valid, and standardized informant-report measures of financial capacity, and none that assess decisional abilities for an ongoing, real-world financial transaction. The present study sought to examine the psychometric properties of a new informant-report scale of financial decisional abilities in older adults...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Sue Westwood
With increasing visibility of older lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people, there is an urgent need to understand abuse in their lives. This is an under-researched area, which this scoping study (based on a literature review and a small subset of data taken from a larger project) serves to demonstrate. The content of this article formed the basis of a paper presented at a workshop on 'LGBT Elder Abuse' held at Keele University(UK) in 2017, convened and chaired by the author. It considers LGBT elder abuse in terms of polyvictimisation, intersectionality and the abuse of power...
November 18, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Jesús Rivera-Navarro, Israel Contador
Dementia is a neurocognitive disorder that implies a risk factor of maltreatment by family caregivers. In this study, we analyzed both informal caregiver's perceptions of maltreatment and aspects of the caregiver and caregiving behavior that may be associated with maltreatment. We conducted five focus groups (FGs) in three Spanish cities: Segovia, Soria and León. The themes that were identified were related to two levels of maltreatment: (a) relational and (b) institutional. At the relational level, we observed the justification of maltreatment of Older Adults with Dementia (OAswD) by family caregivers during the occurrence of behavioral symptoms...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Mildred Ramirez, Joy Solomon, Marlene Riquelme, Brooke Santoro, Daniel Reingold, Jeanne A Teresi
Barriers for enhanced detection, identification, and reporting of elder abuse include the paucity of appropriate, valid, easily administered screening tools. This article describes the qualitative methods used in the development of the Weinberg Center Risk and Abuse Prevention Screen (WC-RAPS), and of its Spanish version. Focus groups and cognitive interviews were instrumental in identifying problematic items, underscoring potential response errors, and informing about putative causes for divergent interpretations of item-intent...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Rebecca J Campbell, Evan Gross, Peter A Lichtenberg
Adult Protective Services (APS) professionals are often called on to assess decision-making capacity when investigating financial exploitation. Previous research found that in consecutive APS cases, a decision-making screening scale (LFDSS) also detected financial exploitation. The purpose of this study was to apply the clinical cutoff scores derived from the previous study to a new sample of APS cases. Using a sample of 105 participants, from APS workers across 5 counties this study investigated the clinical utility of the LFDSS to detect financial exploitation based on ratings by APS professionals using the scale...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Stacy A Drake, Sabrina Pickens, Dwayne A Wolf, Kathleen Thimsen
The purpose of this brief is to present several case vignettes that illustrate omissions in the investigation of elder deaths. These vignettes demonstrate the need for a standardized approach in the conduct of medicolegal investigations of fatal elder abuse. For each of the described oversights, a recommendation is offered to address the gap in investigation processes, which in turn could improve the determination of cause and manner of elder death. Inherent limitations of resources and practical realities of death investigation are discussed and recommendations are made for future research...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Joana Ferreira, João Tavares, Liliana Sousa
This study explores patterns of resident-to-resident elder mistreatment (R-REM) in Portuguese Residential Structures for Elderly People (ERI: Estruturas Residenciais para Idosos). Results display a serious situation of R-REM, which occurs in different patterns.
October 25, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Jeanne A Teresi, Katja Ocepek-Welikson, Mildred Ramirez, Joy Solomon, Daniel Reingold
While several elder abuse screens exist, few measure risk and none target long-term support services. The aims were to examine the psychometric properties of the Weinberg Center Risk and Abuse Prevention Screen (WC-RAPS), comparing approaches to modeling self-reported risk and abuse in relation to reported Adult Protective Services contacts. METHODS: The sample (n = 7,035), admissions to managed long-term care (79%) and short-term rehabilitation (20%), was primarily (66%) female, with mean age 77...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Morteza Arab-Zozani, Noosheen Mostafazadeh, Zeinab Arab-Zozani, Djavad Ghoddoosi-Nejad, Soheil Hassanipour, Joaquim J F Soares
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of elder abuse and neglect in Iran. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and PsycINFO by the end of 2017. The prevalence was calculated based on the percentage or the amount reported in the studies. Heterogeneity was assessed by the I2 statistic, and the data were combined using random effects model. The results were reported as the pooled estimates and the 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The review protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42017070744)...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Jennifer Baumbusch, Gloria Puurveen, Alison Phinney, Marie Denise Beaton, Marie-Eve Leblanc
OBJECTIVES: Resident-to-resident (RRA) abuse is increasingly recognized as a significant problem in long-term residential care.Families have a constant presence in this setting, yet their inclusion in research about RRA is minimal. The purpose of this study was to examine family members' experiences and management of RRA. METHODS: The methodology was critical ethnography.Twelve family members participated in in-depth interviews and 56 hours of participant observation were conducted...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
David Burnes, Mark S Lachs, Karl Pillemer
The field of elder abuse is evolving toward an emphasis on intervention research. However, researchers currently rely on binary approaches to measure elder abuse phenomena, which fail to capture changes in problem status over the course of intervention. This commentary develops a case for severity as a framework to operationalize and measure elder abuse in intervention research and practice. A severity framework provides enhanced elder abuse measurement responsiveness and aligns with the dominant client-centered, harm-reduction clinical approach to intervening with elder abuse cases...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Carolyn E Z Pickering, Christopher Maxwell
This study evaluated the success of researcher-generated recruitment, enrollment, data collection, and safety protocols for field research with victims of elder abuse and neglect (EAN) identified from police incident reports in terms of their success including cost-effectiveness, ability to generate a representative sample, and safety. After reviewing 492 police incident reports involving victims age 65 years or older to identify cases of EAN 62 victims were identified. Mail, phone, and in-person recruitment strategies were used...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Marie Andela, Didier Truchot, Virginie Huguenotte
The present study focuses on elderly abuse committed by caregivers in nursing homes. It aimed at a better understanding of neglect and abusive behaviors by considering the working context and the emotional dissonance of these professionals. To achieve this goal, direct effects of emotional dissonance, job demands (workload and emotional demands) and organizational resources (high-quality relationships with the colleagues and the supervisor) on neglect and abusive behaviors were analyzed. Moreover, the moderating role of organizational resources was explored...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Joy Swanson Ernst, Tina Maschi
Elder abuse is a global systemic problem in which one or more traumatic or stressful life experiences directly affect older adults, their families, and communities. Despite its devastating impact, the understanding of-and response to-elder abuse has rarely been explored through a trauma-informed lens. Despite the prevalence of traumatic and stressful life experiences, research and practice are just beginning to target the intersection of elder abuse and life course trauma. This article demonstrates how knowledge about the causes, consequences, and responses to elder abuse can be integrated with the principles of trauma-informed care to improve agency and community responses to preventing or intervening with elder abuse and neglect...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Catherine Carey, Jacob Hodges, John K Webb
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to summarize how state legislators are responding to the increasing incidence of elder financial fraud and exploitation (EFFE) and investigate the impact of new state legislation. METHODS: Our empirical model investigates the impact of recent changes in state legislation, after controlling for relevant state demographics, on the prevalence of EFFE claims reported in the Consumer Sentinel Network database. We use panel data in a fixed effects model with and without time dummy variables...
August 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Herbert Medetsky, Preeti Sunderaraman, Stephanie Cosentino
In this article, we provide support for the need to recognize investing as an independent capacity. A comparison of the definitions and models of financial and investing capacities revealed significant differences between them. A review of the status of investing capacity assessment revealed that there are currently no investing capacity specific assessment instruments (ICSAIs). Implications for researchers and clinicians resulting from the lack of recognition of investing as an independent capacity are discussed and used as a rational for the need to develop ICSAIs...
August 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
S Chokkanathan
The current study attempts to identify the prevalence rate of and risk factors associated with elder mistreatment in Singapore, a multi-ethnic nation in South-East Asia. Information on elder mistreatment was collected from 400 non-randomly selected cognitively intact older adults in a residential area of Singapore. Items on mistreatment were adopted from the Hwalek-Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening Test and the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale. Standardized scales on activities of daily living, loneliness, and items on violence between family members were administered...
August 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Eilon Caspi
Resident-to-resident incidents in dementia in long-term care homes resulting in deaths represent a growing concern among residents, family members, care providers, care advocacy organizations, and policy makers. Despite these concerns and experts' predictions by which injurious and fatal incidents will increase in the coming years due to the projected growth in the number of people with dementia, no studies have been conducted in North America on these fatal incidents. This exploratory pilot study makes first steps towards bridging this major gap in research and practice...
August 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
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