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Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699835/professional-quality-of-life-of-adult-protective-service-workers
#1
Angela Ghesquiere, Stacey B Plichta, Caitlin McAfee, Geoff Rogers
Adult Protective Services (APS) workers are exposed to substantial occupational hazards and job stress, but these stressors are underdocumented. Therefore, we sought to describe APS workers' work environments and responses to occupational hazards and stressors, including compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress. Survey data were gathered with closed-ended questionnaires administered to APS workers in an urban setting. Virtually all workers (97%) reported exposure to one or more environmental hazards in their work, and 80% reported hazard exposure in past month...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590882/item-response-theory-irt-analysis-of-the-lichtenberg-financial-decision-screening-scale-lfdss
#2
Jeanne A Teresi, Katja Ocepek-Welikson, Peter A Lichtenberg
The focus of these analyses was to examine the psychometric properties of the Lichtenberg Financial Decision Screening Scale (LFDSS). The purpose of the screen was to evaluate the decisional abilities and vulnerability to exploitation of older adults. Adults ages 60 and over were interviewed by social, legal, financial or health services professionals who underwent in-person training on the administration and scoring of the scale. Professionals provided a rating of the decision making abilities of the older adult...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590799/development-of-short-form-measures-to-assess-four-types-of-elder-mistreatment-findings-from-an-evidence-based-study-of-aps-elder-abuse-substantiation-decisions
#3
Scott R Beach, Pi-Ju Liu, Marguerite DeLiema, Madelyn Iris, Melissa J K Howe, Kendon J Conrad
Improving the standardization and efficiency of adult protective services (APS) investigations is a top priority in APS practice. Using data from the Elder Abuse Decision Support System (EADSS), we developed short form measures of four types of elder abuse: financial, emotional/psychological, physical, and neglect. The EADSS dataset contains 948 elder abuse cases (age 60+) with yes/no abuse substantiation decisions for each abuse type following a 30-day investigation. Item sensitivity/specificity analyses were conducted on long-form items with the substantiation decision for each abuse type as the criterion...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535086/a-federal-survey-deficiency-citation-is-needed-for-resident-to-resident-aggression-in-u-s-nursing-homes
#4
Eilon Caspi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521617/fingerprint-based-background-checks-for-personal-care-workers-stakeholder-views-of-policy-criteria
#5
Eric D Raile, Sarah J Swierenga, Toni A Dennis, Lauren A Swanson-Aprill, Lori A Post, Fuad Abujarad
Decision makers face difficult choices when tasked with identifying and implementing appropriate mechanisms for protecting the elderly and other vulnerable adults from abuse. A pilot project involving fingerprint-based criminal history background checks for personal care workers in Michigan has supplied an opportunity to examine one such mechanism. In conjunction with the pilot project, we have conducted a stakeholder analysis with the aim of informing decision makers about stakeholder perceptions of standard policy criteria like effectiveness, efficiency, and equity...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498035/assessment-of-older-adults-satisfaction-with-adult-protective-services-investigation-and-assistance
#6
James G Booker, Mary Breaux, Sharon Abada, Rui Xia, Jason Burnett
This study examined elder self-neglect client satisfaction with services provided by an Adult Protective Services (APS) program. A total of 77 community-dwelling older adults with APS-substantiated self-neglect responded to the standardized and widely used 8-item Client Satisfaction Questionnaire. Approximately 75% of the participants reported being satisfied with the overall services. They felt that the services provided were responsive to their need(s) and helped them deal with their problem(s). Greater than 80% responded that they would refer a friend, would utilize APS in the future if necessary, and were at least satisfied with the amount of help received...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398142/response-to-acierno-s-comments-on-wong-and-waite-elder-mistreatment-predicts-later-physical-and-psychological-health-results-from-a-national-longitudinal-study
#7
Jaclyn S Wong, Linda J Waite
We respond to Dr. Acierno's concerns about the measurement of elder mistreatment and social support in the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. We made our analytic decisions carefully and conducted systematic robustness checks and believe our findings are theoretically important.
March 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398137/developing-an-undue-influence-screening-tool-for-adult-protective-services
#8
Mary Joy Quinn, Lisa Nerenberg, Adria E Navarro, Kathleen H Wilber
The study purpose was to develop and pilot an undue influence screening tool for California's Adult Protective Services (APS) personnel based on the definition of undue influence enacted into California law January 1, 2014. Methods included four focus groups with APS providers (n = 33), piloting the preliminary tool by APS personnel (n = 15), and interviews with four elder abuse experts and two APS administrators. Social service literature-including existing undue influence models-was reviewed, as were existing screening and assessment tools...
March 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375780/elder-abuse-decision-support-system-field-test-outcomes-abuse-measure-validation-and-lessons-learned
#9
Kendon J Conrad, Madelyn Iris, Pi-Ju Liu
The Elder Abuse Decision Support System was designed to meet the critical need for improved methods for assessment and substantiation of elder mistreatment, using a web-based system with standardized measures. Six Illinois agencies participated in the field test. One-year pre/post analyses assessed substantiation results, using Illinois' standard investigation procedure as a comparison. Pre/post acceptability was assessed with caseworkers in focus groups with adult protective service staff. Validity of measures was assessed using Cronbach's alpha and receiver operator characteristic curve analyses with final substantiation decision as a criterion...
March 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339321/a-systematic-review-on-community-based-interventions-for-elder-abuse-and-neglect
#10
Gwendolyn Fearing, Christine L Sheppard, Lynn McDonald, Marie Beaulieu, Sander L Hitzig
Elder abuse and neglect is a societal issue that requires prevention and intervention strategies at the practice and policy level. A systematic review on the efficacy of community-based elder abuse interventions was undertaken to advance the state of knowledge in the field. The peer-reviewed literature between 2009 and December 2015 were searched across four databases. Two raters independently reviewed all articles, assessed their methodological quality, and used a modified Sackett Scale to assign levels of evidence...
March 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328307/a-comment-on-wong-and-waite-elder-mistreatment-predicts-later-physical-and-psychological-health-results-from-a-national-longitudinal-study-jean-issue-29-1-pp-15-42
#11
Ron Acierno
Wong and Waite present a longitudinal study of elder abuse and its effects. However, they contend that their data do not support the protective effects of social support, a finding in contrast with virtually all existing research on the topic. Closer inspection of their variables indicates that they misclassify elder abuse insofar as their results are actually in terms of only one type of elder abuse, psychological abuse, ignoring physical and sexual abuse. They also define "elder abuse" using only one question: "Is there anyone who insults you or puts you down?" Finally, they measure social support with the single item: "if they generally feel they can open up to, and rely on, these significant others...
March 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328305/development-and-implementation-of-online-training-modules-on-abuse-neglect-and-exploitation
#12
Farida K Ejaz, Miriam Rose, Georgia Anetzberger
Online training for care managers to identify, report, and prevent abuse, neglect, and exploitation was developed for a demonstration involving the dually eligible Medicare and Medicaid population. It was composed of three modules covering background, screening, and reporting abuse. Of 453 enrollees, 273 completed at least one module and 212 completed all three. Pre- and post-training surveys for each module were used to examine changes in the proportion of correct answers for each question, using the related-samples Cochran's Q statistic...
March 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841737/mortality-among-elder-abuse-victims-in-rural-malaysia-a-two-year-population-based-descriptive-study
#13
Raudah Mohd Yunus, Noran Naqiah Hairi, Wan Yuen Choo, Farizah Mohd Hairi, Rajini Sooryanarayana, Sharifah Nor Ahmad, Inayah Abdul Razak, Devi Peramalah, Suriyati Abdul Aziz, Zaiton Lal Mohammad, Rosmala Mohamad, Zainudin Mohd Ali, Awang Bulgiba
Our study aims at describing mortality among reported elder abuse experiences in rural Malaysia. This is a population-based cohort study with a multistage cluster sampling method. Older adults in Kuala Pilah (n = 1,927) were interviewed from November 2013 to May 2014. Mortality was traced after 2 years using the National Registration Department database. Overall, 139 (7.2%) respondents died. Fifteen (9.6%) abuse victims died compared to 124 (7.0%) not abused. Mortality was highest with financial abuse (13%), followed by psychological abuse (10...
January 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782784/prevalence-estimates-and-correlates-of-elder-abuse-in-the-united-states-the-national-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-survey
#14
Andre B Rosay, Carrie F Mulford
This study examines the prevalence and correlates of psychological abuse and physical abuse against women and men aged 70 or older. Self-report data from 2,185 respondents in the 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) were used to create weighted estimates for past-year experiences of abuse. Correlates were then examined using survey logistic regression models. More than 1 in 10 adults who are 70 years of age or older (14.0%) have experienced some form of abuse in the past year, with 12...
January 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779448/the-conceptualization-of-mistreatment-by-older-american-indians
#15
Lori L Jervis, William Sconzert-Hall, The Shielding American Indian Elders Project Team
The problem of how to conceptualize elder mistreatment goes back several decades, and is especially important for ethnic minority populations, who may have perspectives that differ from the dominant society. This community-based participatory research study, which examined perceptions of mistreatment by family among 100 urban and rural older American Indians, permits a rare glimpse into how Native elders themselves understand this issue. Here, good treatment was conceptualized in terms of being taken care of, having one's needs met, and being respected...
January 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636657/elder-mistreatment-predicts-later-physical-and-psychological-health-results-from-a-national-longitudinal-study
#16
Jaclyn S Wong, Linda J Waite
Stress process theory predicts that elder mistreatment leads to declines in health, and that social support buffers its ill effects. We test this theory using nationally representative, longitudinal data from 2,261 older adults in the National Social Life Health and Aging Project. We regress psychological and physical health in 2010/2011 on verbal and financial mistreatment experience in 2005/2006 and find that the mistreated have more anxiety symptoms, greater feelings of loneliness, and worse physical and functional health 5 years later than those who did not report mistreatment...
January 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814079/2015-rosalie-wolf-memorial-award-lecture-past-present-and-future-of-elder-abuse
#17
XinQi Dong, Bei Wang
This article aims to advance the global issue of elder abuse through exploring how the current body of elder abuse literature can collectively pave the way for present and future directions for research, practice, and policy.
August 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739929/elder-mistreatment-in-underserved-populations-opportunities-and-challenges-to-developing-a-contemporary-program-of-research
#18
REVIEW
Lori L Jervis, Sherry Hamby, Scott R Beach, Mary L Williams, Valerie Maholmes, Dorothy M Castille
This article provides an overview of the status of research on elder mistreatment among underserved populations in the United States, including gaps in our current knowledge base and scientific and structural barriers to growing research on the exploitation, neglect, and abuse of older people from diverse and disadvantaged ethnic/racial, geographic, sexual identity, and socioeconomic groups. High-priority areas in need of new elder mistreatment research with underserved populations are identified, and suggestions are given for how this research can be facilitated by researchers, university institutional review boards, and funding agencies...
August 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732523/lethal-intimate-partner-violence-in-later-life-understanding-measurements-strengths-and-limitations-of-research
#19
Sonia Salari, Christopher D Maxwell
The aim of this article is to conduct a critical analysis of existing family violence literature related to elder abuse homicide, also known as "eldercide." The focus relates to fatal violence perpetrated by current or former intimates. Men are the most likely victims of homicide but are rarely murdered by partners. Older women are most often killed in the home by a spouse or other family, consistent with the notion of "femicide." The Federal Bureau of Investigation Supplemental Homicide Reports and the Bureau of Justice Statistics National Crime Victimization Survey are utilized to illustrate trends by sex over time...
August 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676289/state-of-the-science-on-prevention-of-elder-abuse-and-lessons-learned-from-child-abuse-and-domestic-violence-prevention-toward-a-conceptual-framework-for-research
#20
REVIEW
Jeanne A Teresi, David Burnes, Elizabeth A Skowron, Mary Ann Dutton, Laura Mosqueda, Mark S Lachs, Karl Pillemer
The goal of this review is to discuss the state of the science in elder abuse prevention. Findings from evidence-based programs to reduce elder abuse are discussed, drawing from findings and insights from evidence-based programs for child maltreatment and domestic/intimate partner violence. A conceptual measurement model for the study of elder abuse is presented and linked to possible measures of risk factors and outcomes. Advances in neuroscience in child maltreatment and novel measurement strategies for outcome assessment are presented...
August 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
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