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Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect

Jennifer Baumbusch, Gloria Puurveen, Alison Phinney, Marie Denise Beaton, Marie-Eve Leblanc
OBJECTIVES: Resident-to-resident (RRA) abuse is increasingly recognized as a significant problem in long-term residential care.Families have a constant presence in this setting, yet their inclusion in research about RRA is minimal. The purpose of this study was to examine family members' experiences and management of RRA. METHODS: The methodology was critical ethnography.Twelve family members participated in in-depth interviews and 56 hours of participant observation were conducted...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
David Burnes, Mark S Lachs, Karl Pillemer
The field of elder abuse is evolving toward an emphasis on intervention research. However, researchers currently rely on binary approaches to measure elder abuse phenomena, which fail to capture changes in problem status over the course of intervention. This commentary develops a case for severity as a framework to operationalize and measure elder abuse in intervention research and practice. A severity framework provides enhanced elder abuse measurement responsiveness and aligns with the dominant client-centered, harm-reduction clinical approach to intervening with elder abuse cases...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Carolyn E Z Pickering, Christopher Maxwell
This study evaluated the success of researcher-generated recruitment, enrollment, data collection, and safety protocols for field research with victims of elder abuse and neglect (EAN) identified from police incident reports in terms of their success including cost-effectiveness, ability to generate a representative sample, and safety. After reviewing 492 police incident reports involving victims age 65 years or older to identify cases of EAN 62 victims were identified. Mail, phone, and in-person recruitment strategies were used...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Marie Andela, Didier Truchot, Virginie Huguenotte
The present study focuses on elderly abuse committed by caregivers in nursing homes. It aimed at a better understanding of neglect and abusive behaviors by considering the working context and the emotional dissonance of these professionals. To achieve this goal, direct effects of emotional dissonance, job demands (workload and emotional demands) and organizational resources (high-quality relationships with the colleagues and the supervisor) on neglect and abusive behaviors were analyzed. Moreover, the moderating role of organizational resources was explored...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Joy Swanson Ernst, Tina Maschi
Elder abuse is a global systemic problem in which one or more traumatic or stressful life experiences directly affect older adults, their families, and communities. Despite its devastating impact, the understanding of-and response to-elder abuse has rarely been explored through a trauma-informed lens. Despite the prevalence of traumatic and stressful life experiences, research and practice are just beginning to target the intersection of elder abuse and life course trauma. This article demonstrates how knowledge about the causes, consequences, and responses to elder abuse can be integrated with the principles of trauma-informed care to improve agency and community responses to preventing or intervening with elder abuse and neglect...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Catherine Carey, Jacob Hodges, John K Webb
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to summarize how state legislators are responding to the increasing incidence of elder financial fraud and exploitation (EFFE) and investigate the impact of new state legislation. METHODS: Our empirical model investigates the impact of recent changes in state legislation, after controlling for relevant state demographics, on the prevalence of EFFE claims reported in the Consumer Sentinel Network database. We use panel data in a fixed effects model with and without time dummy variables...
August 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Herbert Medetsky, Preeti Sunderaraman, Stephanie Cosentino
In this article, we provide support for the need to recognize investing as an independent capacity. A comparison of the definitions and models of financial and investing capacities revealed significant differences between them. A review of the status of investing capacity assessment revealed that there are currently no investing capacity specific assessment instruments (ICSAIs). Implications for researchers and clinicians resulting from the lack of recognition of investing as an independent capacity are discussed and used as a rational for the need to develop ICSAIs...
August 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
S Chokkanathan
The current study attempts to identify the prevalence rate of and risk factors associated with elder mistreatment in Singapore, a multi-ethnic nation in South-East Asia. Information on elder mistreatment was collected from 400 non-randomly selected cognitively intact older adults in a residential area of Singapore. Items on mistreatment were adopted from the Hwalek-Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening Test and the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale. Standardized scales on activities of daily living, loneliness, and items on violence between family members were administered...
August 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Eilon Caspi
Resident-to-resident incidents in dementia in long-term care homes resulting in deaths represent a growing concern among residents, family members, care providers, care advocacy organizations, and policy makers. Despite these concerns and experts' predictions by which injurious and fatal incidents will increase in the coming years due to the projected growth in the number of people with dementia, no studies have been conducted in North America on these fatal incidents. This exploratory pilot study makes first steps towards bridging this major gap in research and practice...
August 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Timothy F Platts-Mills, Joseph A Dayaa, Bryce B Reeve, Kayla Krajick, Laura Mosqueda, Jason S Haukoos, Mehul D Patel, Carrie F Mulford, Samuel A McLean, Phil D Sloane, Debbie Travers, Sheryl Zimmerman
Emergency departments (EDs) are an important health care setting for the identification of elder abuse (EA). Our objective was to develop an ED-based tool to identify EA. The initial tool included a brief cognitive assessment, questions to detect multiple domains of EA, and a physical examination. Refinement of the tool was based on input from clinical experts and nurse and patient feedback. The revised tool, which included 15 questions about EA, was then tested in an academic ED. We calculated the inter-rater reliability, sensitivity, and specificity of individual EA questions...
August 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Terry Fulmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Lynn McDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
David Burnes, Marie-Therese Connolly, Ricker Hamilton, Mark S Lachs
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study describes implementation procedures of goal attainment scaling (GAS) and examines the feasibility of using GAS to measure the multifarious intervention outcome of case resolution in elder mistreatment (EM) adult protective services (APS). METHODS: Substantiated EM victims (n = 27) were recruited prospectively from the State of Maine APS. An adapted GAS approach was implemented involving development of a pre-populated goal scale menu and web-based GAS application...
March 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Bridget Penhale, Natal Ayiga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Jessica L Lee, Jason Burnett, Rui Xia, Scott M Smith, Carmel B Dyer
OBJECTIVES: Interventions are critical to improving clinical outcomes in elder self-neglecters. This study assessed feasibility of a randomized controlled trial of oral vitamin D in Adult Protective Services-substantiated self-neglect clients ≥65 years. METHODS: Participants were directly observed to consume ergocalciferol 50,000 IU (treatment) or ergocalciferol 400 IU (control), once a month, for 10 months. For months 6-10, half the control group randomly crossed into the treatment group (crossover)...
March 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Michael D Reisig, Kristy Holtfreter
This study contributes to the general knowledge of the victim-offender overlap by determining whether the phenomenon exists among older adults and whether known correlates of crime and victimization explain the relationship. Cross-sectional survey data from telephone interviews conducted with individuals 60 years and older (N = 2,000) residing in Arizona and Florida are used to estimate confirmatory factor models for both victimization and criminal offending. The results from a series of multivariate regression models show that victimization is associated with criminal offending...
March 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Lori Weeks, Suzanne Dupuis-Blanchard, Rina Arseneault, Colleen MacQuarrie, Danie Gagnon, Ginette Marie LeBlanc
We conducted an online survey of professionals working in two Canadian provinces to learn about their knowledge of elder abuse from a gender-based perspective. A total of 169 professionals (90% women) completed a survey in either French or English. Five topic areas emerged from the analysis: the influence of gender on the risk of abuse; types of abuse detected; knowledge gaps; capacity to respond to gender-based abuse; and awareness of resources. To gain further insight into these results, we conducted three focus groups with a total of 24 professionals...
March 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Elina Kurkurina, Brittany C L Lange, Sonam D Lama, Erin Burk-Leaver, Mark J Yaffe, Joan K Monin, Debbie Humphries
There are no known instruments to aid law enforcement officers in the assessment of elder abuse (EA), despite officers' contact with older adults. This study aimed to identify: 1) officers' perceptions and knowledge of EA, 2) barriers in detecting EA in the field, 3) characteristics officers value in a detection tool, and to explore 4) the potential for officers to use the Elder Abuse Suspicion Index (EASI)©. Data was collected from 69 Connecticut officers who confirmed that barriers to effectively detecting EA included a lack of EA detection instruments, as well as a lack of training on warning signs and risk factors...
March 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Julie Bobitt, Jamie Kuhne, Julie Carter, Stephanie Whittier Eliason, Mary Twomey
In 2015, the Administration for Community Living (ACL) established the first federal "home" for Adult Protective Services (APS). This leadership has included working collaboratively with state Adult Protective Service systems to ensure that older adults and adults with disabilities are afforded the same protections against abuse, neglect, and financial exploitation regardless of where in the country they live. As part of that leadership, ACL created draft Voluntary Consensus Guidelines for State APS Systems...
January 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Jennifer E Storey, A Alana Prashad
Abuse and neglect of vulnerable adults are significant problems, the identification and management of which is increasingly being made the legal responsibility of healthcare professionals. In response, some jurisdictions have developed training to assist professionals in these duties. This study evaluates the re:act Adult Protection Worker Basic Curriculum training from British Columbia, Canada. One hundred and fifty-seven participants, 109 training completers and 48 non-completers, answered a survey evaluating their confidence, knowledge, and applied knowledge in identifying, reporting, and investigating cases of suspected abuse, neglect, and self-neglect of vulnerable adults...
January 2018: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
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