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Indian Journal of Nephrology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942187/urban-and-rural-population-comparison-of-hepatic-profile-and-associated-etiology-among-children-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#1
S R Shah, M T Alam, S A Shah, A Altaf, M Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942186/spontaneous-callosal-hemorrhage-in-a-child-on-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#2
D N Gera, V A Ghodela, K N Patel, V B Kute, H L Trivedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942185/magnetic-resonance-imaging-as-problem-solving-tool-in-renal-pseudotumor-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-case-of-nodular-compensatory-hypertrophy
#3
V Indiran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942184/an-interesting-case-of-renal-amyloidosis
#4
A Hajra, D Bandyopadhyay
In amyloidosis, there is an extracellular deposition of beta-sheet fibrils. Over 25 proteins have been demonstrated to form amyloid. One of them is Ig amyloid light (AL) chains. We are presenting a 40-year-old female who presented with progressive kyphoscoliosis for last 2 years following a minor trauma and bilateral pedal edema for last 3 months. On further investigation, we found that she had a biclonal variety of MM with amyloidosis of kidney leading to massive proteinuria. Very few case reports are available where patient with biclonal variety of MM develop renal amyloidosis...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942183/saprochaete-capitata-fungal-infection-in-renal-transplant-recipient
#5
S Mandarapu, V Krishna, S B Raju, U Pamidimukkala, S Nimmagadda
Saprochaete capitata is a fungus that rarely causes human infections; majority of infections were reported in patients with hematological malignancies. Here, we report a case of Saprochaete capitata infection in a renal transplant recipient. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of infection with this unusual organism in renal transplant recipients. In our patient, this organism was isolated from broncho alveolar lavage, and it responded dramatically to the combination of amphotericin and voriconazole...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942182/acquired-bartter-syndrome-following-gentamicin-therapy
#6
J Singh, M L Patel, K K Gupta, S Pandey, A Dinkar
Aminoglycoside nephrotoxicity may manifest as nonoliguric renal failure or tubular dysfunction, such as Fanconi-like syndrome, Bartter-like syndrome (BS), or distal renal tubular acidosis. We report a case who developed severe renal tubular dysfunction on the the 7(th) day of gentamicin therapy, resulting in metabolic alkalosis, refractory hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, and polyuria. The patient was diagnosed as a case of transient BS associated with gentamicin exposure. The patient recovered with conservative management...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942181/combined-surgical-and-immunosupressive-therapy-for-encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis
#7
P K Bipi, N Gracious, S Kumar, J George
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is an infrequent but serious complication of long-term peritoneal dialysis with 50% mortality and lack consensus on treatment. The pathogenesis of EPS is ill understood, and diagnosis lacks specificity and relies on clinical, radiographic and microscopic evaluation. Since there is no general agreement on managing EPS, we report a case treated successfully with surgery followed by immunosuppressive therapy with tamoxifen and steroids. He later successfully underwent deceased donor renal transplantation...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942180/imerslund-grasbeck-syndrome-in-a-5-year-old-iranian-boy
#8
K Goudarzipour, N Zavvar, B Behnam, M A Ahmadi
Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome (IGS) is a rare syndrome characterized by clinical symptoms and signs of Vitamin B12 deficiency and proteinuria. Our patient was a 5-year-old boy with pallor, lack of appetite, and low weight gain. Laboratory studies showed severe macrocytic anemia, normal reticulocyte count, negative direct coombs test, normal osmotic fragility, and autohemolysis test. He has had intermittent proteinuria since 3 years ago despite normal creatinine level and absence of hematuria or hypertension. Finally, based on low level of serum B12 vitamin and normal folate level accompanied by asymptomatic proteinuria, the diagnosis of IGS was made...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942179/mixed-acid-base-disorder-secondary-to-topiramate-use-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
S Golla, U Anandh, A Balasubramaniam
We report a case of a man with traumatic brain injury. He was started on to prophylactic topiramate which led to a mixed acid-base disorder. He had severe metabolic acidosis secondary to renal tubular acidification defect and respiratory alkalosis secondary to hyperventilation. Withdrawal of the offending drug led to the prompt resolution of the acid-base disturbance.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942178/white-collar-rhabdomyolysis-with-acute-kidney-injury
#10
R K Bhakthavatsalam, G Venu, P Krishnam Raju, H C Madhusudan
Rhabdomyolysis is a clinical syndrome resulting from the disintegration of muscle cell and spillage of toxic intracellular contents into circulation. Strenuous, unaccustomed exercise leads to exertional rhabdomyolysis and cause AKI. We report a 26-year-old female who developed white collar rhabdomyolysis with AKI after performing sit-ups (Super Yoga Brain) for 108 times in temple. She was managed with hemodialysis and supporting therapy. She made a full recovery after 4 weeks. Awareness of this condition and early diagnosis is highlighted...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942177/acute-kidney-injury-associated-with-ingestion-of-star-fruit-acute-oxalate-nephropathy
#11
A K Barman, R Goel, M Sharma, P J Mahanta
Starfruit (Averrhoa carambola) and its juice are popular in the Indian subcontinent as an indigenous medicine. Oxalate concentration in this fruit and it's freshly prepared juice is very high. We present a report of patients presenting with acute kidney injury due to oxalate nephropathy admitted in a single center. All patients had history of ingesting star fruit. Patients became symptomatic after 10-12 h of eating and main symptoms were pain abdomen and decrease in urine output. Three patients needed hemodialysis...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942176/identification-of-urinary-proteins-potentially-associated-with-diabetic-kidney-disease
#12
R K Marikanty, M K Gupta, S V B Cherukuvada, S S S Kompella, A K Prayaga, S Konda, R V Polisetty, M M Idris, P V Rao, G R Chandak, K V Dakshinamurty
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease. Although several parameters are used to evaluate renal damage, in many instances, there is no pathological change until damage is already advanced. Mass spectrometry-based proteomics is a novel tool to identify newer diagnostic markers. To identify urinary proteins associated with renal complications in diabetes, we collected urine samples from 10 type 2 diabetes patients each with normoalbuminuria, micro- and macro-albuminuria and compared their urinary proteome with that of 10 healthy individuals...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942175/snakebite-mediated-acute-kidney-injury-prognostic-predictors-oxidative-and-carbonyl-stress-a-prospective-study
#13
P Mukhopadhyay, R Mishra, D Mukherjee, R Mishra, M Kar
Snake bite is an occupational hazard in India and important preventable cause of acute kidney injury (AKI). This study was done to estimate the magnitude of snakebite-induced AKI (SAKI) who required renal replacement therapy, prognostic predictors, and final outcome, and to measure the oxidative and carbonyl stress (CS) level in SAKI patient who underwent hemodialysis (HD). All SAKI patients dialyzed between April 2010 and July 2011 in NRS Medical College were included. Demographical, clinical, and biochemical data were analyzed, and patients are followed to discharge or death...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942174/follow-up-rates-of-living-kidney-donor-in-japan-a-single-center-study
#14
N Imai, Y Shibagaki, M Yazawa, K Kitajima, R Nakazawa, H Sasaki, T Chikaraishi
Long-term follow-up of kidney donors is needed not only for the individual donor's benefit but also to establish analyzable databases to improve the selection criteria for future donors. We collected data including the date of transplantation, the date of the last follow-up, donor's age, sex, their relationship to the recipient, renal function, proteinuria, and the prevalence of hypertension. Of 124 donors, 52 donors were not being followed up. The mean duration of follow-up was 4.3 ± 3.6 years. Follow-up rates were 83...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942173/effect-of-ferula-assa-foetida-oleo-gum-resin-on-renal-function-in-normal-wistar-rats
#15
S M Bagheri, H Mohammadsadeghi, M H Dashti-R, S M M Mousavian, Z A Aghaei
In traditional Iranian medicine, asafoetida, an oleo-gum-resin obtained from the roots of Ferula assa-foetida, has been prescribed as a diuretic. This study was undertaken to investigate the diuretic effect of asafoetida in normal rats. Asafoetida was administered orally at the doses of 25 and 50 mg/kg and furosemide (10 mg/kg, intraperitoneal) was used as positive control. The diuretic effect was evaluated by measuring urine volume and sodium, potassium, urea, and creatinine content in urine and serum. Urine volume, excretion of sodium, and potassium were significantly increased by asafoetida as compared to the control group...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942172/prevalence-of-obesity-and-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-young-adults-in-egypt
#16
M Fouad, M I Ismail, A Gaballah, E Reyad, S ELdeeb
Increasing body mass index (BMI) has reached epidemic proportions globally and recently emerged as strong, independent risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD). We conducted this study to verify the prevalence of obesity and the associated risk of developing CKD among 3000 Egyptian students. The World Health Organization classification of BMI categorized study population into 1-5 groups, 1146 subjects with normal BMI (20-25), 951 subjects with BMI 25-29.9, 540 subjects with BMI 30-34.9, 225 with BMI 35-39...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942171/development-and-validation-of-limited-sampling-strategy-equation-for-mycophenolate-mofetil-in-children-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#17
R Prabha, B S Mathew, V Jeyaseelan, T S Kumar, I Agarwal, D H Fleming
The aim of this study was to establish a limited sample strategy (LSS) to predict the mycophenolic acid (MPA) area under the curve (AUC)(0-12) in children with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Three months after initiation of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) 26 children with SLE presented for therapeutic drug monitoring of MPA. On the day of the test, 10 specimens were collected, analyzed, and MPA AUC(0-12) was calculated. Using step-wise regression analysis, LSS equations were developed. Using bootstrap validation, the predictive performance was calculated...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942170/end-stage-renal-disease-in-tunisian-infants-etiology-and-outcome
#18
M Jellouli, A Boussetta, K Abidi, Y Hammi, C Zarrouk, T Gargah
End stage renal disease (ESRD) in infants has particular features in terms of etiologies and therapeutic modalities. The aim of our study is to describe the etiologies and the ESRD outcomes among Tunisian infants. This retrospective study was conducted over 15 years (from January 1998 to December 31, 2013) in the Pediatric Department at Charles Nicolle Hospital. In total, 157 pediatric patients had ESRD. The mean incidence was 4.25 million children. The study involved 24 infants; the sex ratio was equal to 2...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942169/assessment-of-hemodialysis-adequacy-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-hemodialysis-unit-at-tanta-university-hospital-in-egypt
#19
M El-Sheikh, G El-Ghazaly
Worldwide, hemodialysis (HD) constitutes the most common form of renal replacement therapy. Many studies have shown strong correlation between HD dose and clinical outcome. The cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 patients in Hemodialysis Unit at Tanta University Hospital, Egypt. Data were collected using a reliable questionnaire (including clinical, demographic, dialysis, laboratory, and radiological data). SpKt/V was used to assess the adequacy of HD. The results revealed inadequate HD dose among 60% of the study population...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942168/attitude-of-medical-professionals-regarding-controversial-issues-in-kidney-donation-transplantation
#20
N Almeida, R F Almeida, K Almeida, A Almeida
There is a dire need to evaluate new strategies to bridge the wide kidney demand-supply gap. The current study examined the attitude of medical professionals regarding controversial issues pertaining to transplantation. A questionnaire, presenting controversial issues related to kidney transplantation, in an agree-disagree format with supporting reasons, was employed. The research was exploratory. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The sample comprised 140 doctors from Mumbai (mean = 38.1 years, standard deviation = 17...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
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