journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Critical Reviews in Microbiology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451044/endemic-and-emerging-acute-virus-infections-in-indonesia-an-overview-of-the-past-decade-and-implications-for-the-future
#1
Wesley de Jong, Musofa Rusli, Soerajja Bhoelan, Sofie Rohde, Fedik A Rantam, Purwati A Noeryoto, Usman Hadi, Eric C M van Gorp, Marco Goeijenbier
Being the largest archipelago country in the world, with a tropical climate and a unique flora and fauna, Indonesia habitats one of the most diverse biome in the world. These characteristics make Indonesia a popular travel destination, with tourism numbers increasing yearly. These characteristics also facilitate the transmission of zoonosis and provide ideal living and breading circumstances for arthropods, known vectors for viral diseases. A review of the past 10 years of literature, reports of the Ministry of Health, Republic of Indonesia and ProMED-mail shows a significant increase in dengue infection incidence...
February 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390931/correction-to-chamoun-et%C3%A2-al-bacterial-pathogenesis-and-interleukin-17-interconnecting-mechanisms-of-immune-regulation-host-genetics-and-microbial-virulence-that-influence-severity-of-infection
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359994/the-regulation-of-host-cellular-and-gut-microbial-metabolism-in-the-development-and-prevention-of-colorectal-cancer
#3
Cheng-Bei Zhou, Jing-Yuan Fang
Metabolism regulation is crucial in colorectal cancer (CRC) and has emerged as a remarkable field currently. The cellular metabolism of glucose, amino acids and lipids in CRC are all reprogrammed. Each of them changes tumour microenvironment, modulates bacterial composition and activity, and eventually promotes CRC development. Metabolites such as short chain fatty acids, secondary bile acids, N-nitroso compounds, hydrogen sulphide, polyphenols and toxins like fragilysin, FadA, cytolethal distending toxin and colibactin play a dual role in CRC...
January 23, 2018: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345518/bacterial-pathogenesis-and-interleukin-17-interconnecting-mechanisms-of-immune-regulation-host-genetics-and-microbial-virulence-that-influence-severity-of-infection
#4
Michelle N Chamoun, Antje Blumenthal, Matthew J Sullivan, Mark A Schembri, Glen C Ulett
Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in the control of many different disorders, including autoimmune, oncogenic, and diverse infectious diseases. In the context of infectious diseases, IL-17 protects the host against various classes of microorganisms but, intriguingly, can also exacerbate the severity of some infections. The regulation of IL-17 expression stems, in part, from the activity of Interleukin-23 (IL-23), which drives the maturation of different classes of IL-17-producing cells that can alter the course of infection...
January 18, 2018: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334314/on-the-intrinsic-constraint-of-bacterial-growth-rate-m-tuberculosis-s-view-of-the-protein-translation-capacity
#5
Manlu Zhu, Xiongfeng Dai
In nature, the maximal growth rates vary widely among different bacteria species. Fast-growing bacteria species such as Escherichia coli can have a shortest generation time of 20 min. Slow-growing bacteria species are perhaps best known for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a human pathogen with a generation time being no less than 16 h. Despite of the significant progress made on understanding the pathogenesis of M. tuberculosis, we know little on the origin of its intriguingly slow growth. From a global view, the intrinsic constraint of the maximal growth rate of bacteria remains to be a fundamental question in microbiology...
January 15, 2018: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319372/synchronous-application-of-antibiotics-and-essential-oils-dual-mechanisms-of-action-as-a-potential-solution-to-antibiotic-resistance
#6
Lucy Owen, Katie Laird
Antibiotic resistance has increased dramatically in recent years, yet the antibiotic pipeline has stalled. New therapies are therefore needed to continue treating antibiotic resistant infections. One potential strategy currently being explored is the use of non-antibiotic compounds to potentiate the activity of currently employed antibiotics. Many natural products including Essential Oils (EOs) possess broad spectrum antibacterial activity and so have been investigated for this purpose. This article aims to review recent literature concerning the antibacterial activity of EOs and their interactions with antibiotics, with consideration of dual mechanisms of action of EOs and antibiotics as a potential solution to antibiotic resistance...
January 10, 2018: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29293032/resistance-mechanisms-of-helicobacter-pylori-and-its-dual-target-precise-therapy
#7
Yuehua Gong, Yuan Yuan
Helicobacter pylori drug resistance presents a significant challenge to the successful eradication of this pathogen. To find strategies to improve the eradication efficacy of H. pylori, it is necessary to clarify the resistance mechanisms involved. The mechanisms of H. pylori drug resistance can be investigated from two angles: the pathogen and the host. A comprehensive understanding of the molecular mechanisms of H. pylori resistance based on both pathogen and host would aid the implementation of precise therapy, or ideally "dual target precise therapy" (bacteria and host-specific target therapy)...
January 2, 2018: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276839/an-insight-into-the-ecology-diversity-and-adaptations-of-gordonia-species
#8
Harshada Sowani, Mohan Kulkarni, Smita Zinjarde
The bacterial genus Gordonia encompasses a variety of versatile species that have been isolated from a multitude of environments. Gordonia was described as a genus about 20 years ago, and to date, 39 different species have been identified. Gordonia is recognized for symbiotic associations with multiple hosts, including aquatic (marine and fresh water) biological forms and terrestrial invertebrates. Some Gordonia species isolated from clinical specimens are known to be opportunistic human pathogens causing secondary infections in immunocompromised and immunosuppressive individuals...
December 25, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210289/retraction
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185372/recent-advances-in-the-microbiological-diagnosis-of-bloodstream-infections
#10
Walter Florio, Paola Morici, Emilia Ghelardi, Simona Barnini, Antonella Lupetti
Rapid identification (ID) and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of the causative agent(s) of bloodstream infections (BSIs) are essential for the prompt administration of an effective antimicrobial therapy, which can result in clinical and financial benefits. Immediately after blood sampling, empirical antimicrobial therapy, chosen on clinical and epidemiological data, is administered. When ID and AST results are available, the clinician decides whether to continue or streamline the antimicrobial therapy, based on the results of the in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility profile of the pathogen...
November 29, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816070/correction-to-rossi-e-et%C3%A2-al-it-s-a-gut-feeling-escherichia-coli-biofilm-formation-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-environment
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440096/strategies-in-ebola-virus-disease-evd-diagnostics-at-the-point-of-care
#12
Chad T Coarsey, Nwadiuto Esiobu, Ramswamy Narayanan, Mirjana Pavlovic, Hadi Shafiee, Waseem Asghar
Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a devastating, highly infectious illness with a high mortality rate. The disease is endemic to regions of Central and West Africa, where there is limited laboratory infrastructure and trained staff. The recent 2014 West African EVD outbreak has been unprecedented in case numbers and fatalities, and has proven that such regional outbreaks can become a potential threat to global public health, as it became the source for the subsequent transmission events in Spain and the USA. The urgent need for rapid and affordable means of detecting Ebola is crucial to control the spread of EVD and prevent devastating fatalities...
November 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346030/antimicrobial-activity-of-eugenol-and-essential-oils-containing-eugenol-a-mechanistic-viewpoint
#13
Anna Marchese, Ramona Barbieri, Erika Coppo, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Maria Daglia, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Morteza Izadi, Mohammad Abdollahi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Marjan Ajami
Eugenol is a hydroxyphenyl propene, naturally occurring in the essential oils of several plants belonging to the Lamiaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, and Myristicaceae families. It is one of the major constituents of clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry, Myrtaceae) oil and is largely used in both foods and cosmetics as a flavoring agent. A large body of recent scientific evidence supports claims from traditional medicine that eugenol exerts beneficial effects on human health. These effects are mainly associated with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities...
November 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971711/epigenetic-regulation-in-bacterial-infections-targeting-histone-deacetylases
#14
Aleksander M Grabiec, Jan Potempa
Pathogens have developed sophisticated strategies to evade the immune response, among which manipulation of host cellular epigenetic mechanisms plays a prominent role. In the last decade, modulation of histone acetylation in host cells has emerged as an efficient strategy of bacterial immune evasion. Virulence factors and metabolic products of pathogenic microorganisms alter expression and activity of histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) to suppress transcription of host defense genes through epigenetic changes in histone acetylation marks...
October 3, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920507/navigating-the-structure-function-evolutionary-relationship-of-csaa-chaperone-in-archaea
#15
Archana Sharma, Shikha Rani, Manisha Goel
CsaA is a protein involved in the post-translational translocation of proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane. It is considered to be a functional homolog of SecB which participates in the Sec-dependent translocation pathway in an analogous manner. CsaA has also been reported to act as a molecular chaperone, preventing aggregation of unfolded proteins. It is essentially a prokaryotic protein which is absent in eukaryotes, but found extensively in bacteria and earlier thought to be widely present in archaea...
September 18, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903617/review-of-egg-related-salmonellosis-and-reduction-strategies-in-united-states-australia-united-kingdom-and-new-zealand
#16
Kapil Chousalkar, Richard Gast, Francesca Martelli, Vivek Pande
Globally, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica is one of the most commonly reported causes of foodborne illness in humans. Contaminated food products of animal origin, particularly egg and egg products are frequently implicated in outbreaks of human salmonellosis. Salmonella enteritidis is frequently involved in egg and egg products-associated foodborne outbreaks in the USA and UK. However, in Australia and New Zealand, human infections caused by this serovar occur as a result of infection acquired while overseas travel, with Salmonella typhimurium being a predominant cause of local foodborne outbreaks...
September 14, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891362/alternatives-to-antibiotics-in-poultry-feed-molecular-perspectives
#17
Gayatri Suresh, Ratul Kumar Das, Satinder Kaur Brar, Tarek Rouissi, Antonio Avalos Ramirez, Younes Chorfi, Stephane Godbout
The discovery of the growth promoting property of antibiotics led to their use as antibiotic feed additives (AFAs) in animal feed at sub-therapeutic doses. Although this has been beneficial for animal health and productivity, it has been, essentially, a double-edged sword. The continued and non-judicious use of AFAs has led to the selection and dissemination of antibiotic-resistant strains of poultry pathogens such as Salmonella, Campylobacter and Escherichia coli. The rapid spread of drug-resistant pathogens as well as emergence of antibiotic-related environmental pollutants is of global concern...
September 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885059/viral-deubiquitinases-role-in-evasion-of-anti-viral-innate-immunity
#18
Puja Kumari, Himanshu Kumar
Host anti-viral innate-immune signalling pathways are regulated by a variety of post-translation modifications including ubiquitination, which is critical to regulate various signalling pathways for synthesis of anti-viral molecules. A homeostasis of host immune responses, induced due to viral infection and further ubiquitination, is maintained by the action of deubiquitinases (DUB). Infecting viruses utilize the process of deubiquitination for tricking host immune system wherein viral DUBs compete with host DUBs for inhibition of innate-immune anti-viral signalling pathways, which instead of maintaining an immune homeostasis bring about virus-mediated pathogenesis...
September 8, 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581361/the-study-of-h-pylori-putative-candidate-factors-for-single-and-multi-component-vaccine-development
#19
Nasrin Mirzaei, Farkhondeh Poursina, Sharareh Moghim, Niloufar Rashidi, Hajieh Ghasemian Safaei
Helicobacter pylori has grown to colonize inside the stomach of nearly half of the world's population, turning into the most prevalent infections in the universe. Medical care failures noticeably confirm the need for a vaccine to hinder or deal with H. pylori. This review is planned to discuss the most known factors as a vaccine candidate, including single (AhpC, BG, CagA, KatA, Fla, Hsp, HWC, Lpp, LPS, NAP, OMP, OMV, SOD, Tpx, Urease, VacA) and multi-component vaccines. Many promising results in the field of single and multivalent vaccine can be seen, but there is no satisfactory outcome and neither a prophylactic nor a therapeutic vaccine to treat or eradicate the infection in human has been acquired...
September 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581360/the-role-of-biofilms-in-persistent-infections-and-factors-involved-in-ica-independent-biofilm-development-and-gene-regulation-in-staphylococcus-aureus
#20
REVIEW
Agnes Marie Sá Figueiredo, Fabienne Antunes Ferreira, Cristiana Ossaille Beltrame, Marina Farrel Côrtes
Staphylococcus aureus biofilms represent a unique micro-environment that directly contribute to the bacterial fitness within hospital settings. The accumulation of this structure on implanted medical devices has frequently caused the development of persistent and chronic S. aureus-associated infections, which represent an important social and economic burden worldwide. ica-independent biofilms are composed of an assortment of bacterial products and modulated by a multifaceted and overlapping regulatory network; therefore, biofilm composition can vary among S...
September 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
journal
journal
30230
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"