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Giovanna Longhi, Ettore Castiglioni, Jun Koshoubu, Giuseppe Mazzeo, Sergio Abbate
We review the present status of experiments and calculations for circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) of simple organic molecules and of stimuli-responsive organic molecules. Together with the historical report of the main instrumental approaches, a few crucial points about experiments are tackled, with the aim of defining measurement protocols, in view of the wide availability of commercial apparatuses in the near future. The calculations aimed at interpreting the CPL spectra, mostly based on time-dependent Density Functional Theory (TD-DFT) calculations, which started around 2010, are reviewed, limiting the discussion to small to mid-sized molecules...
October 2016: Chirality
Sara Gabrieli, Giuseppe Mazzeo, Giovanna Longhi, Sergio Abbate, Tiziana Benincori
Two diastereoisomeric pairs of bis-oxazolines, provided with a stereogenic center at carbon 4 and based on the 3,3'-bithiophene atropisomeric scaffold, were synthesized and structurally characterized. They differ in the substituents at positions 2 and 5 of the thiophene rings, which are functionalized with methyl (1) or phenyl (2) groups, respectively. In vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectra, recorded in CCl4 solutions, it is possible to distinctly recognize the characteristic features of axial and central stereogenic elements...
October 2016: Chirality
Claudio Villani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Chirality
Ming Wang, Wei Xie, Aijing Li, Sichuan Xu
In order to investigate the chiral benzedrine molecules corresponding to their different characteristics in biochemical systems, we studied their interaction with D3 R using the docking method, molecular dynamic simulation, and quantum chemistry. The obtained results indicate that the active residues for R-benzedrine (RAT) bound with D3 R are Ala132, Asp133, and Tyr55, while Asn57, Asp133, Asp168, Cys172, Gly54, Trp24, and Vall136 act as the active residues for S-benzedrine (SAT). The different active pockets are observed for ART or SAT because they possess different active residues...
October 2016: Chirality
Kani Zilbeyaz, Esabi Basaran Kurbanoglu, Hamdullah Kilic
(S)-(-)-1-(1'-napthyl)-ethanol (S-NE) is an important intermediate for the preparation of mevinic acid analogs, which is used for the treatment of hyperlipidemia. The objectives of the study were to isolate a microorganism that could effectively reduce 1-acetonaphthone (1-ACN) to S-NE, to determine the influence that the physicochemical parameters would have on the reduction by the isolated microorganism, and to attempt large-scale studies with the microorganism. Over the years fungi have been considered a promising biocatalyst and it has been presumed that many fungal species have not been isolated and therefore the current study focused on possible isolation of these microorganisms...
October 2016: Chirality
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Chirality
G Pradeep Kumar, Vishal Srivastava, Kiran Khandelwal, Rajesh Kumar, S G Hiriyanna, Ajay Kumar, Pramod Kumar
Besifloxacin is a unique chiral broad-spectrum flouroquinolone used in the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis. R-form of besifloxacin hydrochloride shows higher antibacterial activity as compared to the S-isomer. Therefore, it is necessary to establish chiral purity. To establish chiral purity a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for determination of R-besifloxacin and S-besifloxacin (BES impurity A) was developed and validated for in-process quality control and stability studies. The analytical performance parameters such as linearity, precision, accuracy, specificity, limit of detection (LOD), and lower limit of quantification (LOQ) were determined according to International Council for Harmonization ICH Q2(R1) guidelines...
September 2016: Chirality
Bruce C Hamper, Michael P Mannino, Melissa E Mueller, Liam T Harrison, Christopher D Spilling
Chromatographic separation of the enantiomers of parent compounds dimethyl α-hydroxyallyl phosphonate and 1-(dimethoxyphosphoryl) allyl methyl carbonate was demonstrated by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using Chiralpak AS-H and ad-H chiral stationary phases (CSP), respectively, using a combination of UV, polarimetric, and refractive index detectors. A comparison was made of the separation efficiency and elution order of enantiomeric α-hydroxyallyl phosphonates and their carbonate derivatives on commercially available polysaccharide AS, ad, OD, IC-3, and Whelk-O 1 CSPs...
September 2016: Chirality
Enriqueta Martinez-Rojas, Teresa Olejniczak, Konrad Neumann, Leif-Alexander Garbe, Filip Boratyñski
In the current study, we present a green toolbox to produce ecological compounds like lactone moiety. Rhodococcus erythropolis DSM 44534 cells have been used to oxidize both decane-1,4-diol () and decane-1,5-diol () into the corresponding γ- () and δ-decalactones () with yield of 80% and enantiomeric excess (ee) = 75% and ee = 90%, respectively. Among oxidation of meso diols, (-)-(1S,5R)-cis-3-oxabicyclo[4.3.0]non-7-en-2-one (5a) with 56% yield and ee = 76% as well as (-)-(2R,3S)-cis-endo-3-oxabicyclo[2...
September 2016: Chirality
Yan-Fei Wang, Xiao-Feng Gao, Huo-Xi Jin, Yang-Guang Wang, Wei-Jian Wu, Xiao-Kun Ouyang
In this work, flumequine (FLU) enantiomers were separated using a Chiralpak OD-H column, with n-hexane-ethanol (20:80, v/v) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.6 mL/min. Solid phase extraction (SPE) was used for cleanup and enrichment. The limit of detection, limit of quantitation, linearity, precision, and intra/interday variation of the chiral high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method were determined. The developed method was then applied to investigate the degradation behavior of FLU enantiomers in mariculture pond water samples...
September 2016: Chirality
Qianyi Cheng, Quincy Teng, Satori A Marchitti, Caleb M Dillingham, John F Kenneke
Enantiomers of chiral molecules commonly exhibit differing pharmacokinetics and toxicities, which can introduce significant uncertainty when evaluating biological and environmental fates and potential risks to humans and the environment. However, racemization (the irreversible transformation of one enantiomer into the racemic mixture) and enantiomerization (the reversible conversion of one enantiomer into the other) are poorly understood. To better understand these processes, we investigated the chiral fungicide, triadimefon, which undergoes racemization in soils, water, and organic solvents...
September 2016: Chirality
Mohammed F Alajmi, Afzal Hussain, Mohd Suhail, Sofi Danish Mukhtar, Dibya Ranjan Sahoo, Leonid Asnin, Imran Ali
Chiral high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation and modeling of four stereomers of DL-leucine-tryptophan DL-dipeptide on AmyCoat-RP column are described. The mobile phase applied was ammonium acetate (10 mM)-methanol-acetonitrile (50:5:45, v/v). The flow rate of the mobile phases was 0.8 mL/min with UV detection at 230 nm. The values of retention factors for LL-, DD-, DL-, and LD- stereomers were 2.25, 3.60, 5.00, and 6.50, respectively. The values of separation and resolution factors were 1...
September 2016: Chirality
Dan Zhao, Zheng-Qiu Li, Fei Cao, Miao-Miao Liang, Charles U Pittman, Hua-Jie Zhu, Li Li, Shi-Shan Yu
This study discusses the choice of different simplified models used in computations of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra and other chiroptical characteristics used to determine the absolute configuration (AC) of the complex natural product sibiricumin A. Sections of molecules containing one chiral center with one near an aromatic group have large effects on the ECD spectra. Conversely, when the phenyl group is present on a substituent without a nonstereogenic center, removal of this section will have little effect on ECD spectra...
August 2016: Chirality
Masako Nagai, Yukifumi Nagai, Yayoi Aki, Hiroshi Sakurai, Naoki Mizusawa, Takashi Ogura, Teizo Kitagawa, Yasuhiko Yamamoto, Shigenori Nagatomo
Native human adult hemoglobin (Hb A) has mostly normal orientation of heme, whereas recombinant Hb A (rHb A) expressed in E. coli contains both normal and reversed orientations of heme. Hb A with the normal heme exhibits positive circular dichroism (CD) bands at both the Soret and 260-nm regions, while rHb A with the reversed heme shows a negative Soret and decreased 260-nm CD bands. In order to examine involvement of the proximal histidine (His F8) of either α or β subunits in determining the heme orientation, we prepared two cavity mutant Hbs, rHb(αH87G) and rHb(βH92G), with substitution of glycine for His F8 in the presence of imidazole...
August 2016: Chirality
Yaşar Gök, Seda Kiliçarslan, Halil Zeki Gök, İlker Ümit Karayiğit
Four chiral C2 -symmetric diols were synthesized in a straightforward three-step reaction and demonstrated excellent enantioselectivities and good overall yields. Their catalytic activities were examined via the addition of diethylzinc to various aldehydes. The enantioselective addition of diethylzinc to 2-methoxybenzaldehyde gave the corresponding chiral secondary alcohol with high yields (up to 95%) and moderate to good enantiomeric excess (up to 88%). All synthesized ligands were evaluated in the addition of diethylzinc to various aldehydes in the presence of an additional metal such as Ti(IV) complexes...
August 2016: Chirality
Brigida Bochicchio, Angelo Bracalello, Antonietta Pepe
Materials inspired by natural proteins have a great appeal in tissue engineering for their biocompatibility and similarity to extracellular matrix (ECM). Chimeric polypeptides inspired by elastomeric proteins such as silk, elastin, and collagen are of outstanding interest in the field. A recombinant polypeptide constituted of three different blocks, each of them having sequences derived from elastin, resilin, and collagen proteins, was demonstrated to be a good candidate as biomaterial for its self-assembling characteristics and biocompatibility...
August 2016: Chirality
Ling-Hong Meng, Attila Mándi, Xiao-Ming Li, Yang Liu, Tibor Kurtán, Bin-Gui Wang
Enantiomers of a 2-benzofuran-1(3H)-one derivative [(-)- and (+)-] and four known analogs () were isolated and identified from the culture extract of Eurotium rubrum MA-150, a fungus obtained from the mangrove-derived rizospheric soil. Their structures were established by detailed interpretation of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data and the structure of (±)- was confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The absolute configuration of the enantiomers (-)- and (+)- was determined by means of online high-performance liquid chromatography - electronic circular dichroism (HPLC-ECD) measurements and time-dependent Density Functional Theory - electronic circular dichroism (TDDFT-ECD) calculations...
August 2016: Chirality
Guillem Valero, Albert Moyano
Catalysis of the aldol reaction between cyclohexanone and 4-nitrobenzaldehyde by mixtures of L-Arg and of L-Glu in wet dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) takes place with higher enantioselectivity (up to a 7-fold enhancement in the anti-aldol for the 1:1 mixture) than that observed when either L-Glu or L-Arg alone are used as the catalysts. These results can be explained by the formation of a catalytically active hydrogen-bonded complex between both amino acids, and demonstrate the possibility of positive cooperative effects in catalysis by two different α-amino acids...
August 2016: Chirality
Shengni Li, Huafang Jiang, Yiya Wang, Yinli Liu, Xiaohang Shen, Wenzhong Liang, Zhanying Hong
A sensitive and high-throughput chiral liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the quantification of R-pantoprazole and S-pantoprazole in human plasma. Sample extraction was carried out by using ethyl acetate liquid-liquid extraction in 96-well plate format. The separation of pantoprazole enantiomers was performed on a CHIRALCEL OJ-RH column and an overlapping injection mode was used to achieve a run time of 5.0 min/sample. The mobile phase consisted of 1) 10 mM ammonium acetate in methanol: acetonitrile (1:1, v/v) and 2) 20 mM ammonium acetate in water...
July 2016: Chirality
Balázs Szemenyei, Ildikó Móczár, Dávid Pál, Ivett Kocsis, Péter Baranyai, Péter Huszthy
Novel enantiopure pyridino-18-crown-6 ether-based sensor molecules containing an anthracene fluorophore unit were synthesized. Their enantiomeric recognition abilities toward the enantiomers of 1-phenylethylamine hydrogen perchlorate (PhEt), 1-(1-naphthyl)ethylamine hydrogen perchlorate (NapEt), phenylglycine methyl ester hydrogen perchlorate (PhgOMe), and phenylalanine methyl ester hydrogen perchlorate (PheOMe) were examined in acetonitrile using fluorescence spectroscopy. The sensor molecules showed appreciable enantiomeric recognition toward the enantiomers of NapEt, PhEt, and PhgOMe...
July 2016: Chirality
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