journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885744/glutathione-in-combination-with-trehalose-has-supplementary-beneficial-effects-on-cryopreserved-red-deer-cervus-elaphus-sperm
#1
Yan Wang, Shude Dong
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated the effects of glutathione in combination with trehalose addition to semen extenders on the quality parameters of frozen-thawed red deer (cervus elaphus) spermatozoa. METHOD OF STUDY: The semen samples collected from six mature red deer once a week were diluted with Tris-egg yolk-based extenders. The diluted semen samples were supplemented with glutathione (8 mmol L(-1) ) and or trehalose (5%, w/v), cryopreserved, thawed and then subjected to sperm quality parameter evaluation...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885741/zika-and-pregnancy-a-comprehensive-review
#2
Adrija Hajra, Dhrubajyoti Bandyopadhyay, Lyndsey R Heise, Rajarshi Bhadra, Somedeb Ball, Shyamal Kumar Hajra
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is a well-nurtured topic for healthcare personnel nowadays. Central nervous system involvement including microcephaly and ocular involvements has already been reported in neonates of affected pregnant ladies. In this article, we have discussed these effects on the newborns of ZIKV-infected mothers. The proposed pathogenesis, modes of transmission of this infection from mothers to the fetuses, diagnosis of the cases and precaution for the pregnant ladies have also been discussed. We have gathered the recently available data on the risk of ZIKV for expectant mothers from PubMed, https://www...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878897/minimal-immune-determinants-connect-zika-virus-human-cytomegalovirus-and-toxoplasma-gondii-to-microcephaly-related-human-proteins
#3
Guglielmo Lucchese, Darja Kanduc
Aiming at the molecular definition of the relationship(s) between prenatal infections and fetal microcephaly and using pentapeptides as minimal immune determinants, we analyzed the peptide matching between proteins from infectious agents involved in microcephalic syndromes (namely Zika virus, human Cytomegalovirus, and Toxoplasma gondii) and human proteins that, when altered, have been specifically associated with microcephaly. We report that an unexpected high number of epitopic pentapeptides (ie, 34) are common to the three fetopathogenic agents and repeatedly occur throughout an important number of microcephaly-related human proteins...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868318/zika-virus-infection-and-biological-treatment-for-reproductive-medicine
#4
Joanne Kwak-Kim, Jeehey Song, Michael Woo-Il Kim, Alice Gilman-Sachs
The recent Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic is particularly challenging in the field of reproductive medicine as various biological tissues and byproducts, such as intravenous immunoglobulin G or cells are utilized during reproductive cycles, and an infected mother has an increased risk of having babies with fetal microcephaly and other congenital brain anomalies. In this review, current guidelines for prevention of sexual transmission of ZIKV, ZIKV testing, and tissue and blood product usages are summarized for physicians caring for those planning pregnancy or going through infertility treatment...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868280/chlamydial-infection-enhances-expression-of-the-polymeric-immunoglobulin-receptor-pigr-and-transcytosis-of-iga
#5
Charles W Armitage, Connor P O'Meara, Kenneth W Beagley
PROBLEM: The pIgR mediates transport of IgA into the lumen of mucosal tissues preventing pathogenic infection. Despite this, the expression of pIgR during chlamydial infections of the male and female reproductive tracts remains poorly understood. METHOD OF STUDY: The expression of pIgR in response to hormone cycling or over the course of chlamydial infection was determined in vitro and in vivo by Western blot or immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: PIgR was upregulated in response to Chlamydia spp...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868276/platelets-are-a-possible-regulator-of-human-endometrial-re-epithelialization-during-menstruation
#6
Koh Suginami, Yukiyasu Sato, Akihito Horie, Hisanori Matsumoto, Satoru Kyo, Yoshihiko Araki, Ikuo Konishi, Hiroshi Fujiwara
PROBLEM: The human endometrium periodically breaks down and regenerates. As platelets have been reported to contribute to the tissue remodeling process, we examined the possible involvement of platelets in endometrial regeneration. METHOD OF STUDY: The distribution of extravasating platelets throughout the menstrual cycle was immunohistochemically examined using human endometrial tissues. EM-E6/E7/hTERT cells, a human endometrial epithelial cell-derived immortalized cell line, were co-cultured with platelets, and the effects of platelets on the epithelialization response of EM-E6/E7/hTERT cells were investigated by attachment and permeability assays, immunohistochemical staining, and Western blot analysis...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868270/zika-virus-hsv-2-and-placenta
#7
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862565/antiphospholipid-syndrome-preeclampsia-and-infection-by-helicobacter-pylori
#8
LETTER
Antonio Ponzetto, Natale Figura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862576/foetal-ureaplasma-parvum-bacteraemia-as-a-function-of-gestation-dependent-complement-insufficiency-evidence-from-a-sheep-model-of-pregnancy
#9
Matthew W Kemp, Shatha Ahmed, Michael L Beeton, Matthew S Payne, Masatoshi Saito, Yuichiro Miura, Haruo Usuda, Suhas G Kallapur, Boris W Kramer, Sarah J Stock, Alan H Jobe, John P Newnham, Owen B Spiller
PROBLEM: Complement is a central defence against sepsis, and increasing complement insufficiency in neonates of greater prematurity may predispose to increased sepsis. Ureaplasma spp. are the most frequently cultured bacteria from preterm blood samples. METHOD OF STUDY: A sheep model of intrauterine Ureaplasma parvum infection was used to examine in vivo Ureaplasma bacteraemia at early and late gestational ages. Complement function and Ureaplasma killing assays were used to determine the correlation between complement potency and bactericidal activity of sera ex vivo...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862586/effect-of-chronic-glomerulonephritis-on-the-semen-quality-and-cytokines-in-the-semen-of-infertile-males
#10
Huina Zhang, Yingfen Ying, Yilu Chen, Xiaosheng Lu, Yonggang Huang
PROBLEM: The effects of chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) on semen quality and cytokine levels in the semen of infertile males remain undetermined. METHOD OF STUDY: Fifty-eight semen samples from normal males and CGN males with and without infertility, respectively, were analyzed. RESULTS: Semen volume, semen pH, sperm density, percentage of forward movement of sperm, sperm activate rate, sperm survival rate, and rate of normal sperm morphology of infertility males with CGN were significantly lower than those of CGN males without infertility and normal males (P<...
November 8, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862563/autoimmunity-systemic-inflammation-and-their-correlation-with-repeated-implantation-failure-and-recurrent-miscarriage-is-chronic-endometritis-the-missing-piece-of-the-jigsaw
#11
LETTER
Amerigo Vitagliano, Marco Noventa, Salvatore Gizzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862562/management-of-pemphigus-disease-in-pregnancy
#12
REVIEW
Soheil Tavakolpour, Hajar Sadat Mirsafaei, Saeid Delshad
Pemphigus can cause complications during pregnancy and may cause serious harm to a fetus. For this study, a comprehensive review of common treatments of pemphigus and their adverse effects associated with pregnancy and male fertility was conducted. We concluded that a period of remission with minimal or no therapy before conception could significantly reduce the risk of the disease flaring up, at least in the first trimester. The period of remission causes a delay in the flare-up of the disease, which means lower cumulative doses and the prevention of possible congenital abnormalities caused by corticosteroid or immunosuppressant treatments...
November 8, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666125/prospects-of-electrochemical-immunosensors-for-early-diagnosis-of-preeclampsia
#13
Pankaj Suman, Sonu Gandhi, Prabhanshu Kumar, Kirti Garg
Preeclampsia is a vascular multisystem disorder that accounts for varying degree of morbidity and mortality of mother and the fetus. This can be significantly averted if diagnosed at an early (18-20 weeks) stage of gestation, as there is no known way to prevent preeclampsia. In spite of extensive work on biomarker discovery, the existing method for its detection is mostly based on colorimetric immunoassays whose sensitivity is ranging in nanomolar range. Further, it has also been observed that change in the expression of a single biomarker is not sufficient to diagnose this condition...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870156/combinations-and-loads-of-bacteria-affect-the-cytokine-production-by-fetal-membranes-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Nathalia Mayumi Noda-Nicolau, Jossimara Polettini, Morgan R Peltier, Márcia Guimarães da Silva, Ramkumar Menon
PROBLEM: The polybacterial invasion and inflammation of the amniotic cavity is a common scenario in PTB, and then, we analyzed the cytokine production by human fetal membranes to better understand the host response to polybacterial infections. METHOD OF STUDY: Fetal membranes were treated by heat-inactivated genital mycoplasmas and Gardnerella vaginalis at 10(3) or 10(6) colony/color-forming units/mL alone or in combination. Cytokines/receptors were measured in the medium by immunoassays...
December 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778417/pregnancy-alters-the-circulating-b-cell-compartment-in-atopic-asthmatic-women-and-transitional-b-cells-are-positively-associated-with-the-development-of-allergy-manifestations-in-their-progeny
#15
Catarina Martins, Jorge Lima, Glória Nunes, Luís Miguel Borrego
PROBLEM: Maternal atopy is a risk factor for allergy. B cells are poorly studied in reproduction and atopy. We aimed to assess how pregnancy affects B cells in atopic women and whether B cells relate to allergic manifestations in offspring. METHOD OF STUDY: Women with and without atopic asthma, pregnant and non-pregnant were enrolled for the study, and circulating B cells were evaluated by flow cytometry, using CD19, CD27, CD38, IgD, and IgM. RESULTS: Compared to healthy non-pregnant, atopic asthmatic non-pregnant (ANP) women presented increased B cell counts, enlarged memory subsets, less transitional cells, and plasmablasts...
December 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774686/implantation-cell-biology-of-embryo-penetration-route-revisited
#16
LETTER
Hans-Werner Denker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767237/il-7-il-7r-signaling-pathway-might-play-a-role-in-recurrent-pregnancy-losses-by-increasing-inflammatory-th17-cells-and-decreasing-treg-cells
#17
Li Wu, Jie Li, Hui Li Xu, Bo Xu, Xian Hong Tong, Joanne Kwak-Kim, Yu Sheng Liu
PROBLEM: We aim to investigate a possible role of IL-7/IL-7R signaling pathway in recurrent pregnancy losses (RPL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the abortion-prone (AP) and non-abortion-prone (NP) mice model, fetal resorption rates (FRR), Th17 and Treg cells-related factors, and the effect of IL-7 and IL-7R antagonist were investigated by flow cytometry, quantitative real-time PCR, and immunohistochemistry. IL-7 and IL-7R expressions in human decidua were investigated by immunohistochemistry...
December 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766701/alpha-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-nachr-agonist-inhibits-the-development-of-endometriosis-by-regulating-inflammation
#18
Kaori Yamada-Nomoto, Osamu Yoshino, Ikumi Akiyama, Akemi Ushijima, Yosuke Ono, Tomoko Shima, Akitoshi Nakashima, Shusaku Hayashi, Makoto Kadowaki, Yutaka Osuga, Shigeru Saito
OBJECTIVE: We investigated α-7 nAchR expression in human peritoneal macrophages and examined whether activation of nAchR might be a new therapy for endometriosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human peritoneal fluid mononuclear cells (PFMC) were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the presence of α-7 nAChR agonists. In a murine endometriosis model, α-7 nAChR modulators were administered. RESULTS: Human PFMC expressed α-7 nAChR at the mRNA and protein levels...
December 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753461/up-regulation-of-mir-203-expression-induces-endothelial-inflammatory-response-potential-role-in-preeclampsia
#19
Yuping Wang, Qin Dong, Yang Gu, Lynn J Groome
PROBLEM: To determine whether miR-203 mediates endothelial inflammatory response in preeclampsia. METHOD OF STUDY: Maternal vessel miR-203 expression was assessed by in situ hybridization. Suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS-3) and ICAM expression was determined by immunostaining. Subcutaneous fat tissue sections from normal and preeclamptic pregnant women were used. miR-203-induced inflammatory response was evaluated by the measurements of IL-6, IL-8, ICAM, and VCAM expression and production and neutrophil adhesion in the endothelial cells (EC) transfected with miR-203 precursor, pre-miR-203...
December 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730708/an-innovative-test-for-non-invasive-kell-genotyping-on-circulating-fetal-dna-by-means-of-the-allelic-discrimination-of-k1-and-k2-antigens
#20
Fabiana Cro', Cristina Lapucci, Emilio Vicari, Ginevra Salsi, Nicola Rizzo, Antonio Farina
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present a new method for fetal Kell genotyping by means of the allelic discrimination of K1 and K2 in real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). METHODS: Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction incorporating an allele-specific primer was developed for detecting the K allele of KEL. RESULTS: By means of this method, the K1/K2 genotype was able to be determined in all blood samples analyzed. Results using cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) from two Kell-negative pregnant women confirmed the Kell-positive genotype of fetuses...
December 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
journal
journal
30202
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"