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Pediatric Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428576/development-and-initial-validation-of-the-pediatric-neuromuscular-recovery-scale
#1
Elizabeth M Ardolino, Mary Jane Mulcahey, Shelley Trimble, Laura Argetsinger, Marci Bienkowski, Courtney Mullen, Andrea L Behrman
PURPOSE: The Neuromuscular Recovery Scale (NRS) was developed to assess the capacity of adults' post-spinal cord injury (SCI) to perform functional tasks without compensation. Application of the NRS to children has been challenging. The purpose of this study was to develop and complete the initial validation of a pediatric version of the NRS. METHODS: First, the investigative team developed a draft Pediatric NRS. Next, a Delphi method was used to amend the draft by 12 pediatric experts...
July 14, 2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428575/relationship-between-abdominal-adiposity-and-exercise-tolerance-in-children-with-obesity
#2
Jennifer Druce Axley, Lloyd N Werk
PURPOSE: To determine whether abdominal obesity is associated with lower exercise tolerance in children. METHODS: Waist-to-height ratios (WHtRs) were determined for 50 children aged 8 to 12 years with body mass index greater than the 95th percentile and 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) conducted. RESULTS: Mean 6MWD was found to be 510 (standard deviation = 60) m. Univariate analysis revealed that WHtR was the only significant predictor of 6MWD (P = ...
July 14, 2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428574/influence-of-external-visual-focus-on-gait-in-children-with-bilateral-cerebral-palsy
#3
Asa Bartonek, Cecilia M Lidbeck, Elena M Gutierrez-Farewik
PURPOSE: To explore whether focusing a target influenced gait in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and typical development (TD). METHODS: Thirty children with bilateral CP (Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS] I-III) and 22 with TD looked at a light at walkway end (Gaze Target) while walking and returned (No Target). RESULTS: During Gaze versus No Target, children with TD reduced temporal-spatial parameters and movements in the sagittal (SPM) and transverse planes...
July 14, 2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661251/letter-to-the-editor
#4
Mohammed Saeed Alghamdi, Lisa Chiarello, Robert Palisano, Sarah McCoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661250/the-effects-of-orthopedic-manual-physical-therapy-in-the-management-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-case-report
#5
Justin M Lantz, Shruti Joshi, Michael OʼHearn
PURPOSE: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a cause of disability in childhood. Little research exists concerning physical therapy management, and no evidence exists for orthopedic manual physical therapy (OMPT) for JIA. The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of OMPT in combination with therapeutic exercise in the successful treatment of a child with oligoarticular JIA. KEY POINTS: A 6-year-old girl with oligoarticular JIA presented with elbow pain and stiffness interfering with function...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661249/technology-for-children-with-brain-injury-and-motor-disability-executive-summary-from-research-summit-iv
#6
Jennifer B Christy, Michele A Lobo, Kristie Bjornson, Stacey C Dusing, Edelle Field-Fote, Mary Gannotti, Jill C Heathcock, Margaret E OʼNeil, James H Rimmer
Advances in technology show promise as tools to optimize functional mobility, independence, and participation in infants and children with motor disability due to brain injury. Although technologies are often used in adult rehabilitation, these have not been widely applied to rehabilitation of infants and children. In October 2015, the Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy sponsored Research Summit IV, "Innovations in Technology for Children With Brain Insults: Maximizing Outcomes." The summit included pediatric physical therapist researchers, experts from other scientific fields, funding agencies, and consumers...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661248/commentary-on-effect-of-playground-environments-on-the-physical-activity-of-children-with-ambulatory-cerebral-palsy
#7
Stacy M Menz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661247/effect-of-playground-environments-on-the-physical-activity-of-children-with-ambulatory-cerebral-palsy
#8
Brenda Pratt, Nancy S Hartshorne, Pam Mullens, Mary Lou Schilling, Sarah Fuller, Emily Pisani
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of 2 different playground environments on the physical activity of children with ambulatory cerebral palsy during their playground play. METHODS: Five 7- to 8-year-old children with cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Functional Classification System [GMFCS] level II) participated. Using an alternating treatment, single-subject design, stride patterns were obtained using an activity monitor on an Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)-compliant and noncompliant playground...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661246/commentary-on-does-exercise-decrease-pain-via-conditioned-pain-modulation-in-adolescents
#9
Derrick Sueki, Hiral Achhnani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661245/does-exercise-decrease-pain-via-conditioned-pain-modulation-in-adolescents
#10
Stacy Stolzman, Marie Hoeger Bement
PURPOSE: Pain relief after exercise, exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH), is established across the lifespan. Conditioned pain modulation (CPM: pain inhibits pain) may be a mechanism for EIH. METHODS: In 55 adolescents, pressure pain thresholds were measured before and after exercise (deltoid, quadriceps, and nail bed) and during CPM at the nail bed and deltoid test stimulus sites. The relationship between EIH and CPM was explored. RESULTS: EIH occurred at deltoid and quadriceps; CPM occurred at nail bed and deltoid...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661244/commentary-on-virtual-sensorimotor-training-for-balance-pilot-study-results-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#11
Lorraine K Glumac, Sharon Farley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661243/virtual-sensorimotor-training-for-balance-pilot-study-results-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#12
Tracy Jirikowic, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Robert Price, Marcia A Ciol, Lin-Ya Hsu, Deborah Kartin
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of Sensorimotor Training to Affect Balance, Engagement, and Learning (STABEL), a virtual reality system to train sensory adaptation for balance control, for children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). METHODS: Twenty-three children with FASDs received STABEL training in a university laboratory, or home, or were controls. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2nd edition (MABC-2) and Pediatric Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction for Balance-2 (P-CTSIB-2) were analyzed by group (lab, home, and control), session (pre-STABEL, 1 week post-STABEL, and 1 month post-STABEL), and group-by-session interaction...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661242/commentary-on-sporting-activities-and-quality-of-life-in-children-with-hemophilia-an-observational-study
#13
Nancy Durben, David Oleson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661241/sporting-activities-and-quality-of-life-in-children-with-hemophilia-an-observational-study
#14
Ruben Cuesta-Barriuso, Ana Torres-Ortuño, Sofía Pérez-Alenda, Juan José Carrasco, Felipe Querol, Joaquín Nieto-Munuera
INTRODUCTION: Sports activities are part of multidisciplinary treatments in people with hemophilia. AIM: The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of sports activities in the quality of life as perceived by children with hemophilia. METHODS: A total of 53 children with hemophilia aged 7 to 13 years and 51 children without hemophilia were evaluated. The perception of quality of life, clinical variables, and the frequency of sports activities were registered...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661240/commentary-on-changes-in-motor-development-during-a-4-year-follow-up-on-children-with-univentricular-heart-defects
#15
Sara E Peterson, Amy K Bennett, Barbara Sargent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661239/changes-in-motor-development-during-a-4-year-follow-up-on-children-with-univentricular-heart-defects
#16
Heidi Mäenpää, Arja Häkkinen, Anne Sarajuuri
PURPOSE: To compare changes in motor development from 1 to 5 years of age among 18 children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and 12 with univentricular heart to 42 children without heart defect. METHODS: Motor development was assessed with the Alberta Infant Motor Scale and Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Movement ABC). RESULTS: Children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome or univentricular heart had significantly lower scores on the Alberta Infant Motor Scale test at the age of 1 and on the Movement ABC test at the age of 5 years compared with controls...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661238/commentary-on-layout-for-assessing-dynamic-posture-development-validation-and-reproducibility
#17
Kimberly Klug, Beth Currier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661237/layout-for-assessing-dynamic-posture-development-validation-and-reproducibility
#18
Matias Noll, Cláudia Tarragô Candotti, Bruna Nichele da Rosa, Juliana Adami Sedrez, Adriane Vieira, Jefferson Fagundes Loss
PURPOSE: To determine the psychometric properties of the layout for assessing dynamic posture (LADy). METHODS: The study was divided into 2 phases: (1) development of the instrument and (2) determination of validity and reproducibility. The LADy was designed to evaluate the position adopted in 9 dynamic postures. RESULTS: The results confirmed the validity and reproducibility of the instrument. From a total of 51 criteria assessing 9 postures, 1 was rejected...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661236/commentary-on-validation-of-accelerometer-cut-points-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-aged-4-to-5-years
#19
Grace Javier, Munesha Lona, Dawn Hamilton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661235/validation-of-accelerometer-cut-points-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-aged-4-to-5-years
#20
Piyapa Keawutan, Kristie L Bell, Stina Oftedal, Peter S W Davies, Roslyn N Boyd
PURPOSE: To derive and validate triaxial accelerometer cut-points in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and compare these with previously established cut-points in children with typical development. METHODS: Eighty-four children with CP aged 4 to 5 years wore the ActiGraph during a play-based gross motor function measure assessment that was video-taped for direct observation. Receiver operating characteristic and Bland-Altman plots were used for analyses. RESULTS: The ActiGraph had good classification accuracy in Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels III and V and fair classification accuracy in GMFCS levels I, II, and IV...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
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