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Journal of Aging and Health

Jennifer R Piazza, Robert S Stawski, Julia L Sheffler
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined age differences in the association between daily stressors and allostatic load. METHOD: Participants consisted of 317 adults (34-84 years) who participated in Waves 1 (1996-1997) and 2 (between 2005 and 2009) of the Midlife Development in the United States Survey. During Wave 1, participants reported the stressors they encountered across eight consecutive days. Within-person affective reactivity slopes indexing change in negative affect from a nonstressor day to a stressor day were calculated for each participant...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Carrie Henning-Smith, Megan Lahr, Michelle Casey
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess rural-urban differences in caregiver use of and preferences for support services. METHOD: Using the 2015 Caregiving in the U.S. survey data ( n = 1,389), we analyzed rural-urban differences by caregiver residence in use of and preferences for support services. We analyzed bivariate differences in service use and preferences, as well as in sociodemographic and caregiving relationship characteristics. We also assessed the correlates of service use using stratified ordered logistic regression models...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Noreen M Kohl, Krysia N Mossakowski, Ivan I Sanidad, Omar T Bird, Lawrence H Nitz
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether the health effects of informal caregiving for aging parents vary by employment status in the United States. Two opposing hypotheses are tested: dual role strain and role enhancement. METHOD: Using national longitudinal data from the U.S. Health and Retirement Study, multivariate regression models predicted self-rated health and mental health among older adult children caregiving for their parents (2009-2012) and noncaregivers...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Joanna Klaptocz, William K Gray, Sophie Marwood, Mitali Agarwal, Joseph Ziegler, Zoszka Webb, Meghna Prabhakar, Annette Hand, Lloyd Oates, Claire McDonald, Richard W Walker
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that the number and length of hospital admissions in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) would increase immediately prior to admission to a care home relative to those who were able to continue living at home or who died. METHOD: PD patients at Hoehn and Yahr Stages III to V were followed-up over two and a half years with deaths and care home placements recorded. Hospital admissions data were collected over this period. RESULTS: Of 286 patients included in the study, 7...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Emily A Greenfield, Sara M Moorman
OBJECTIVES: This study examined childhood socioeconomic status (SES) as a predictor of later life cognition and the extent to which midlife SES accounts for associations. METHODS: Data came from 5,074 participants in the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. Measures from adolescence included parents' educational attainment, father's occupational status, and household income. Memory and language/executive function were assessed at ages 65 and 72 years. RESULTS: Global childhood SES was a stronger predictor of baseline levels of language/executive function than baseline memory...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Ariel Azar, Ursula M Staudinger, Andrea Slachevsky, Ignacio Madero-Cabib, Esteban Calvo
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzes the dynamic association between retirement sequences and activities of daily living (ADLs) trajectories between ages 60 and 70. METHOD: Retirement sequences previously established for 7,880 older Americans from the Health and Retirement Study were used in hierarchical linear and propensity score full matching models, analyzing their association with ADL trajectories. RESULTS: Sequences of partial retirement from full- or part-time jobs showed higher baseline and slower decline in ADL than sequences characterized by early labor force disengagement...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Alice Holton, Fiona Boland, Paul Gallagher, Tom Fahey, Roseanne Kenny, Gráinne Cousins
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether trajectories of older adults' alcohol consumption are influenced by the following life course transitions, relationship status, employment status, and self-rated health. METHOD: Volume and frequency of drinking were harmonized across first three waves of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA; N = 4,295). Multilevel regression models were used to model frequency, average weekly consumption, and heavy episodic drinking...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Alexandra Foscolou, Efi Koloverou, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Christina Chrysohoou, Labros Sidossis, Loukianos Rallidis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of Mediterranean food group consumption with successful aging (SA), among people more than 50 years old. METHOD: Dietary habits, as well as several bio-clinical characteristics of the Greek participants enrolled in the ATTICA ( n = 1,128 men and women from Athens metropolitan area) and the MEDIS ( n = 2,221 men and women from selected Greek islands) cohort studies were investigated in relation to SA; SA was measured using a validated 10-scale index...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Christine Stephens, Ágnes Szabó, Joanne Allen, Fiona Alpass
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the relationships of older people's standard of living and perceived quality of housing and neighborhoods, with different physical, mental, and social well-being trajectories over time. METHOD: Longitudinal data from 2,483 New Zealanders (55-70 years of age in 2006) surveyed biennially for 10 years were analyzed using latent profile growth analysis and MANOVA. RESULTS: Five health trajectories were revealed: robust health, average good health, declining physical health, limitations in mental health and social well-being, or vulnerable health...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Mary McEniry, Rafael Samper-Ternent, Carmen Elisa Flórez, Carlos Cano-Gutierrez
OBJECTIVE: We examine the importance of early life displacement and nutrition on hypertension (HTN) and diabetes in older Colombian adults (60+ years) exposed to rapid demographic, epidemiological, and nutritional transitions, and armed conflict. We compare early life nutritional status and adult health in other middle- and high-income countries. METHOD: In Colombia (Survey of Health, Wellbeing and Aging [SABE]-Bogotá), we estimate the effects of early life conditions (displacement due to armed conflict and violence, hunger, low height, and not born in the capital city) and obesity on adult health; we compare the effects of low height on adult health in Mexico, South Africa (Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health [SAGE]), the United States, and England (Health and Retirement Study [HRS], English Longitudinal Study of Ageing [ELSA])...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Honglin Chen, Iris Chi, Ruotong Liu
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to explore patterns and predictors of hospital utilization among Chinese older adults in the context of a rapidly aging population and increasing health care costs in contemporary China. METHODS: This study used a national representative sample aged 60 years or older ( N = 11,511) from the China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey in 2014. We applied Andersen's social behavioral model and stepwise logistic regression to identify predictors of hospital utilization...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
David F Warner, Scott A Adams, Raeda K Anderson
OBJECTIVES: To examine how social role configurations (SRCs)-combinations of the quality of spousal, family, and friend relationships-moderate the association between functional limitations (FLs) and loneliness among married and unmarried older adults and whether this differs by gender. METHOD: Longitudinal data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project on married ( n = 945) and unmarried ( n = 443) older adults (aged 57-85 years). Latent class analysis was used to identify SRCs...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Pamela Jo Johnson, Judy Jou, Todd H Rockwood, Dawn M Upchurch
OBJECTIVE: To describe, for a national sample of midlife and older adults, the types of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) used for health and wellness and the perceived benefits of CAM use by race/ethnicity. METHOD: Using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, we ran multiple logistic regression models to estimate the odds of each perceived benefit among adults ages 50 and older. RESULTS: More than 38% of midlife and older adults used CAM in the past year...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Jagriti Jackie Bhattarai, Mary E Oehlert, Karen D Multon, Scott W Sumerall
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine major depressive disorder (MDD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosed at age < 55 as predictors, and sex and race as potential moderators, of dementia and other forms of cognitive impairment. METHOD: Veterans ( N = 4,800) aged ⩾ 56 years were grouped by psychiatric history, sex, and race. Hierarchical and stepwise regression were employed to determine significant predictors. RESULTS: MDD and PTSD were associated with almost double the risk for developing dementia or cognitive impairment at age ⩾ 56...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Adam Simning, Meghan L Fox, Steven L Barnett, Silvia Sorensen, Yeates Conwell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to examine the association of auditory, vision, and dual sensory impairment with late-life depressive and anxiety symptoms. METHOD: Our study included 7,507 older adults from the National Health & Aging Trends Study, a nationally representative sample of U.S. Medicare beneficiaries. Auditory and vision impairment were determined by self-report, and depressive and anxiety symptoms were evaluated by the two-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) and two-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-2), respectively...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Yichen Jin, Toshiko Tanaka, Yan Ma, Stefania Bandinelli, Luigi Ferrucci, Sameera A Talegawkar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether an index of overall cardiovascular health (CVH) is associated with disability in older individuals. METHOD: Data on 925 participants of the InCHIANTI study (Invecchiare in Chianti, aging in the Chianti area, ≥65 years, 55% women) with median follow-up of 9 years were used. CVH score was assessed by smoking status, physical activity, body mass index, diet quality, blood pressure, plasma cholesterol, and fasting blood glucose...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Marjolein Visser, Hanneke A H Wijnhoven, Hannie C Comijs, Fleur G C F Thomése, Jos W R Twisk, Dorly J H Deeg
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to study the associations between healthy lifestyle in old age and decline in physical, psychological, cognitive, and social functioning. METHOD: A population-based sample of 3,107 Dutch men and women aged 55 and 85 years (1992/1993; Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam) was used with five 3-yeary follow-up examinations. Lifestyle score, based on smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI), ranged from 0 ( unhealthy) to 4 ( healthy)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Danilo Bolano, André Berchtold, Elisabeth Bürge
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the variability in activities of daily living (ADL) trajectories among 6,155 nursing home residents using unique and rich observational data. METHOD: The impairment in ADL performance was considered as a dynamic process in a multi-state framework. Using an innovative mixture model, such states were not defined a priori but inferred from the data. RESULTS: The process of change in functional health differed among residents...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Jovita Rodrigues, Ana W Capuano, Lisa L Barnes, David A Bennett, Raj C Shah
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the effect of antidepressant medication use and social engagement on the level of depressive symptoms at the time of initially meeting criteria for dementia. METHOD: Measures of social engagement, medication use, and depressive symptoms from 402 participants with incident dementia were utilized for the study. Proportional odds models adjusted for demographics were constructed with depressive symptoms as the outcome and social network size, perceived social isolation, and antidepressant medication use as independent variables...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Erin L Yelland, Adam W Cless, Allen B Mallory, Jessica D Cless
OBJECTIVE: This study examines public perspectives toward sexual behavior within a heterosexually married couple in which one individual has dementia and resides in a long-term care facility. METHOD: Respondents included 318 adults in the Southern United States. Paired sample t tests were used to understand how the diagnosis of dementia statistically influenced participants' responses, and a logistic regression model was used to understand how a vignette character's sex and respondent characteristics influenced attitudes...
June 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
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