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Journal of Aging and Health

Maren Wright Voss, Lori L Wadsworth, Wendy Birmingham, M Beth Merryman, Lisa Crabtree, Kathy Subasic, Man Hung
OBJECTIVE: Job loss has a demonstrated negative impact on physical and mental health. Involuntary retirement has also been linked to poorer physical and mental health outcomes. This study examined whether late-career unemployment is related to involuntary retirement and health declines postretirement. METHOD: Analysis was conducted using the 2000-2012 U.S. Health and Retirement Study (HRS) survey data with unemployment months regressed with demographic and baseline health measures on physical and mental health...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Lori M Ward, Joseph Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To assess association between patient perception of physicians and adherence to antihypertensive medication among Medicare beneficiaries. METHOD: Logistic regression was used to assess association between the Patient Perception of Physicians Scale score and adherence to antihypertensive medication. The 2007 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey data were used to create a 12-item patient perception of physician scale and 2008 Medicare Part D claims to assess adherence...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Anne Esther Marcus-Varwijk, Lilian L Peters, Tommy L S Visscher, Carolien H M Smits, Adelita V Ranchor, Joris P J Slaets
OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the nurse-led intervention " Community Health Consultation Offices for Seniors (CHCO)" on health-related and care needs-related outcomes in community-dwelling older people (⩾60 years). METHOD: With a quasi-experimental design, the CHCO intervention was evaluated on health-related and care needs-related outcomes after 1-year follow-up. Older people who received the intervention were frail, overweight, or were smoking. The comparison group received care as usual...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Ying Liang, Mazen Sarwar, Struther Van Horn
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effects of individual and community social capital on the relationship between child loss and depressive symptoms among elderly adults in China. METHOD: A sample of 2,581 elderly adults in 272 rural communities and 826 elderly adults in 116 urban communities was drawn from Chinese Health and Retirement Longitudinal Studies. Hierarchical linear modeling was applied in the analysis. RESULTS: Social participation as an indicator of individual social capital has a buffering effect on depressive symptoms among rural bereaved parents while it is not beneficial for urban bereaved parents...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Qian Song, Feinian Chen
OBJECTIVE: We examine the combined effects of living arrangements and outmigration of adult children on rural older adults' health profiles, measured by biomarker data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study 2011. METHOD: We employ biomarker data and propensity score analysis which allows us to effectively deal with selection issues that are commonly observed in the literature. RESULTS: We show complex health implications of living arrangements and offspring migration...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Sarah C Griffin, Briana Mezuk, Allison Baylor Williams, Paul B Perrin, Bruce D Rybarczyk
OBJECTIVE: To jointly examine isolation, loneliness, and cynical hostility as risk factors for cognitive decline in older adults. METHOD: Data came from the 2006 to 2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a longitudinal study of U.S. older adults (age ⩾ 65 years, n = 6,654). Measures included frequency of contact with social network (objective isolation), the Hughes Loneliness Scale (loneliness), a modified version of the Cook-Medley Hostility Inventory (cynical hostility), and a modified version of the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (cognitive function)...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Charles A Emlet, Lesley Harris
OBJECTIVES: Successful aging has been identified as an important emphasis for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Little is known about how this population conceptualizes aging successfully and how this relates to generativity. This qualitative study examined the importance of generativity among 30 HIV-positive older adults to determine the role of generativity in successful aging. METHOD: Participants aged 50+ years were recruited in Ontario, Canada, through acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) service organizations, clinics, and community agencies...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Lynn M Baniak, Kyeongra Yang, JiYeon Choi, Eileen R Chasens
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether sleep duration is correlated with increased frailty risk and investigate the determinants of frailty status. METHOD: Data on 3,632 participants from the 2011 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, community-dwelling >60 years, 52.1% prefrail, 13.6% frail, 55% women) were used. Frailty status was categorized by Fried Phenotype (robust, prefrail, and frail) with customized criteria for the NHANES data set...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Takashi Yamashita, Anthony R Bardo, Darren Liu, Phyllis A Cummins
OBJECTIVES: Health literacy is often viewed as an essential skill set for successfully seeking health information to make health-related decisions. However, this general understanding has yet to be established with the use of nationally representative data. The objective of this study was to provide the first nationally representative empirical evidence that links health information seeking behaviors with health literacy among middle-age to older adults in the United States. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2012/2014 Program for the International Assessment of Adult Literacy (PIAAC)...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
E Ntanasi, M Yannakoulia, N Mourtzi, G S Vlachos, M H Kosmidis, C A Anastasiou, E Dardiotis, G Hadjigeorgiou, M Megalou, P Sakka, N Scarmeas
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of frailty using five different instruments in a cohort of older adults and explore the association between frailty and various risk factors. METHOD: 1,867 participants aged 65 years and above were included in the current retrospective cross-sectional study. Frailty was operationalized according to the Fried definition, the FRAIL Scale, the Frailty Index (FI), the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI), and the Groningen Frailty Index (GFI)...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Aniruddha Das
OBJECTIVE: This study examined effects of a partner's depressive symptoms on those of a focal respondent. METHOD: Data were from the 2008-through-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. Linear growth modeling was used to distinguish within- from between-person variation, and genetic instrumental variables to take endogeneity into account. RESULTS: A partner's 2008 depressive symptoms had no associations with within-person change in those of a respondent between 2010 and 2014...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Laura M Bozzi, Bruce Stuart, Eberechukwu Onukwugha, Sarah E Tom
OBJECTIVE: This study examined screening mammograms in women aged 65 to 74 years and 75+ years before and after the Affordable Care Act (ACA) implementation. METHOD: This repeated cross-sectional study of community-dwelling women age 65+ years without a history of breast cancer or mastectomy utilized the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey and Medicare fee-for-service claims data from 2001 to 2013. We used covariate-adjusted logistic regression with generalized estimating equations, stratified by age group...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Shawnda Schroeder, Collette Adamsen, Cole Ward
OBJECTIVE: This study describes trends in self-reported dental care utilization and services needed among American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian (AI/AN/NH) elders 2008 to 2017, including demographic and socioeconomic variability. METHOD: Researchers utilized data from the Survey of Elders administered by the National Resource Center on Native American Aging, representing all regions of the United States and 262 tribes. Data were analyzed comparing means over time and between/within groups...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Morgan E Peele
OBJECTIVE: Limited knowledge exists about whether childhood health and socioeconomic status (SES) conditions influence health among older adults in Indonesia. METHOD: Data from Wave 5 (2014/2015) of the Indonesian Family Life Survey ( N = 6,530) was used to examine associations between childhood health and SES and hypertension, lung conditions, diabetes, lower body functional limitations (LBFL), and instrumental activities of daily living limitations (IADL). RESULTS: Poor childhood health was associated with 34% higher odds of hypertension (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Luana Caroline de Assunção Cortez Corrêa, Catherine M Pirkle, Yan Yan Wu, Afshin Vafaei, Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Saionara Maria Aires da Câmara
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the influence of urinary incontinence (UI) on physical performance. METHOD: In prospective analyses from the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS), 915 women (65-74 years) from Canada, Colombia, Albania, and Brazil were evaluated in relation to self-reported UI (past week) and physical performance (Short Physical Performance Battery [SPPB]), with reevaluation after 2 years. Linear mixed models examined the influence of UI on SPPB, adjusted by covariates (age, study site, education, income sufficiency, body mass index [BMI] and parity)...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Patty Doran, Sorrel Burden, Nick Shryane
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of emotional support on the quality of life (QoL) of older cancer survivors. METHOD: We use data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing to assess the relationship between perceived emotional support and QoL, comparing people who were cancer survivors ( n = 533) to people without cancer ( n = 8,203). RESULTS: Most people reported high emotional support and had good QoL ( M = 42.57, scale = 0-57)...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
John Taylor, Michael J McFarland, Dawn C Carr
OBJECTIVES: Engagement in close personal ties has been shown to reduce risk for morbidity and mortality. In this study, we assess the extent to which one dimension of social relationships, mattering to others, conditions the positive relationship between age and allostatic load (AL). We do so to test the assumption that age-related declines in health are less prominent among those with high levels of mattering. METHOD: Poisson regression models were estimated using data from the Nashville Stress and Health Study (NSAHS)...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Renuka Bhaskar, James Noon, Brett J O'Hara
OBJECTIVES: We examine survey reporting of Medicare coverage of the older population by evaluating discordance between survey responses and administrative records. METHOD: We link data from the 2014 Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS ASEC) and 2014 Medicare Enrollment Database to evaluate the extent to which individuals misreport Medicare coverage in the CPS ASEC. Using regression analyses, we assess factors associated with misreporting...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Shanna L Burke, Tianyan Hu, Christine E Spadola, Aaron Burgess, Tan Li, Tamara Cadet
OBJECTIVE: This study explored two research questions: (a) Does sleep medication neutralize or provide a protective effect against the hazard of Alzheimer's disease (AD)? (b) Do apolipoprotein (APOE) e4 carriers reporting a sleep disturbance experience an increased risk of AD? METHOD: This study is a secondary analysis of the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center's Uniform Data Set ( n = 6,782) using Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: Sleep disturbance was significantly associated with eventual AD development...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Victoria C Liu, Insaf Mohammad, Bibban B Deol, Ann Balarezo, Lili Deng, Candice L Garwood
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate hospital utilization and characterize interventions of pharmacist-led telephonic post-discharge medication reconciliation. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was conducted, including 833 index events in 586 geriatric patients receiving the intervention. Medicare claims were used to capture 30-day hospital utilization (admission to the emergency department, observation unit, or inpatient hospitalization) following discharge from any of these locations...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
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