Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Aging and Health

Safari Balegamire, Marie-Josée Aubin, Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Beatriz Alvarado, Ricardo O Guerra, Alban Ylli, Nandini Deshpande, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with visual impairment (VI) and eye care in the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS). METHOD: IMIAS data were analyzed ( N = 1,995 with ages 65-74). Outcomes were VI defined as presenting visual acuity worse than 6/18 in the better eye and eye care utilization assessed by annual visits to eye care professionals. The Hurt-Insult-Threaten-Scream (HITS) questionnaire requested information on domestic violence. RESULTS: Among men, VI varied from 24% in Manizales (Colombia) to 0...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Zhenmei Zhang, Jinyu Liu, Lydia Li, Hongwei Xu
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between childhood conditions and cognitive function among middle-aged and older adults in China. METHOD: We analyzed data from the 2011 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study ( N = 11,868). Cognitive function was measured by word recall, a test of episodic memory. We examined the association between childhood conditions and cognitive function among the middle-aged (45-59 years) and the older (60 years and older) adults separately, using multilevel linear regressions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Lei Yu, Robert S Wilson, S Duke Han, Sue Leurgans, David A Bennett, Patricia A Boyle
OBJECTIVE: To quantify longitudinal change in financial and health literacy and examine the associations of declining literacy with incident Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHOD: Data came from 799 participants of an ongoing cohort study. Literacy was measured using a battery of 32 questions. Clinical diagnoses were made annually following uniform structured procedures. The associations of declining literacy with incident AD dementia and MCI were tested using a joint model for longitudinal and time-to-event data...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
James N Laditka, Sarah B Laditka
OBJECTIVE: We studied the association of childhood adversity with adult functional status. METHOD: With data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the 2014 Childhood Retrospective Circumstances Study (1992-2013; N = 6,705; 62,885 person-years), we estimated functional status transition probabilities associated with childhood adversity, with multinomial logistic Markov models adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education. Microsimulation then estimated functional status outcomes throughout adulthood for African American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic White women and men...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Terrence D Hill, Sunshine M Rote, Christopher G Ellison
OBJECTIVE: Although several studies suggest that religious involvement tends to favor healthy biological functioning, most of this work has been conducted in the United States. This study explores the association between religious participation and biological functioning in Mexico. METHOD: The data are drawn from two waves of the Mexican Health and Aging Study (2003-2012) to assess continuous and categorical biomarker specifications. RESULTS: Across specifications, religious participation in 2003 is associated with lower levels of waist-to-hip ratio, total cholesterol, pulse rate, and overall allostatic load in 2012...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Ryan P McGrath, Brenda M Vincent, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides, Brad P Dieter, Ryan R Bailey, Mark D Peterson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the independent and joint effects of muscle weakness and diabetes on incident activities of daily living (ADL) disability in older Mexican Americans. METHOD: A subsample of 2,270 Mexican Americans aged at least 65 years at baseline were followed for 19 years. Handgrip strength was normalized to body weight (normalized grip strength [NGS]). Weakness was defined as NGS ≤0.46 in males and ≤0.30 in females. Diabetes and ADL disability were self-reported...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Joan Domènech-Abella, Jaime Perales, Elvira Lara, Maria Victoria Moneta, Ana Izquierdo, Laura Alejandra Rico-Uribe, Jordi Mundó, Josep Maria Haro
OBJECTIVE: Successful aging (SA) refers to maintaining well-being in old age. Several definitions or models of SA exist (biomedical, psychosocial, and mixed). We examined the longitudinal association between various SA models and sociodemographic factors, and analyzed the patterns of change within these models. METHOD: This was a nationally representative follow-up in Spain including 3,625 individuals aged ≥50 years. Some 1,970 individuals were interviewed after 3 years...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Krupa Gandhi, Eunjung Lim, James Davis, John J Chen
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial disparities in health services utilization in Hawaii among Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 65 years and above. METHOD: All-cause utilization of inpatient, outpatient, emergency, home health agency, and skilled nursing facility admissions were investigated using 2012 Medicare data. For each type of service, multivariable logistic regression model was used to investigate racial disparities adjusting for sociodemographic factors and multiple chronic conditions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Christine M Lehane, Sofia Maria Hofsöe, Walter Wittich, Jesper Dammeyer
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined the mental health of couples living with and without sensory loss; compared the mental health of couples living with hearing, vision, or dual-sensory loss; and investigated the association between spouse support and the mental health of couples living with sensory loss. METHOD: The study included 513 couples with sensory loss and 1,079 couples without sensory loss. Actor-Partner Interdependence Models were used to examine associations between spouse support and mental health...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Catherine Pérez, Jennifer A Ailshire
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the health status of older island Puerto Ricans, a segment of the U.S. population that has been largely overlooked in aging research. METHOD: Data from the 2002 Puerto Rican Elderly Health Conditions Project and the 2002 Health and Retirement Study are used to examine differences in disease, disability, and self-rated health among island Puerto Ricans and the mainland U.S.-born older adult population. Differences are further examined by gender...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Stipica Mudrazija, Richard W Johnson, Claire Xiaozhi Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study examines differences in retirement decisions between older Hispanics and non-Hispanics, with a special focus on the role of nativity. METHODS: We use 1998-2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. We estimate survival models of retirement and compare retirement transitions for U.S.-born Hispanics, foreign-born Hispanics, non-Hispanic Whites, and non-Hispanic Blacks. RESULTS: Foreign-born Hispanics retire significantly later than other racial and ethnic groups...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Jina Han
OBJECTIVE: This research examined the mediation of functional limitations in the relationship between chronic illnesses and depressive symptoms among older Americans along with tests for the moderation of self-perceptions of aging. METHOD: Data from the Health and Retirement Study (2008, 2010, and 2012) were used. Longitudinal mediation models were tested using a sample of 3,382 Americans who responded to psychosocial questions and were over 65 years old in 2008...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Brian Downer, Michael Crowe, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVE: To examine the development of activities of daily living (ADL) disability and mortality according to diabetes and high depressive symptoms among Puerto Rican adults aged 60 and older. METHOD: Data came from Wave I and Wave II of the Puerto Rican Elderly: Health Conditions Study ( n = 3,419). Logistic regression was used. Using insulin and receiving psychiatric treatment were proxy measures of disease severity for diabetes and depressive symptoms, respectively...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Connor McGuire, Vicki L Kristman, Lynn Martin, Michel Bédard
OBJECTIVE: Determine association between depression and traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the older adult home care population of Ontario, Canada (2003-2013). METHOD: A nested matched case control study was used, and data were retrieved for service users 65 years or older who received home care between 2003 and 2013. Incident TBI cases were matched to four controls by sex, age, and assessment date. Odds ratios and multivariable conditional logistic regression were completed...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Sunshine Rote, Jacqueline L Angel, Kyriakos Markides
OBJECTIVE: The current study extends research on Latino caregiving to describe the role of neighborhood-level factors and dementia severity for caregiver well-being. METHOD: Data are drawn from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (HEPESE 2010/2011, N = 343). We present regression analyses that describe the relationship between dementia severity in the older care recipient and neighborhood-level structural factors for caregiver mental health...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Andreas Ihle, Élvio R Gouveia, Bruna R Gouveia, Duarte L Freitas, Jefferson Jurema, Floramara T Machado, Matthias Kliegel
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relation of hypertension to cognitive performance and its interplay with key markers of cognitive reserve in a large sample of older adults. METHOD: We assessed tests of immediate and delayed cued recall and working memory in 701 older adults. We measured systolic blood pressure and interviewed individuals on their education, past occupation, and cognitive leisure activity. RESULTS: Hypertension (≥140 mmHg) was related to lower performance in all three cognitive measures...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Emma N Bellenger, Joseph E Ibrahim, Janaka Jonathan Lovell, Lyndal Bugeja
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the published research to examine the extent, nature, and risk factors of mortality due to physical restraint use. METHOD: In accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement, this review examined all peer-reviewed studies published in English describing mortality due to physical restraint in nursing home residents. RESULTS: The combined searches yielded 2,016 records of which eight articles were eligible for inclusion...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Stephen Frochen, Shahla Mehdizadeh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the functional status and adaptation of older Americans and discover the factors that contributing to device use. METHOD: Using the community participants' portion of the first round of National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), we demonstrate the prevalence of device use and reduction in activities, creating a multilevel measure of activities of daily living (ADL) functionality as compared with Katz's dichotomous measure...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Afshin Vafaei, William Pickett, Maria Victoria Zunzunegui, Beatriz E Alvarado
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether neighborhood-level social capital is a risk factor for falls outside of the home in older adults. METHODS: Health questionnaires were completed by community-dwelling Canadians aged +65 years living in Kingston (Ontario) and St-Hyacinthe (Quebec), supplemented by neighborhood-level census data. Multilevel logistic regression models with random intercepts were fit. Variations in the occurrence of falls across neighborhoods were quantified by median odds ratio and 80% interval odds ratio...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Tamer Ahmed, Afshin Vafaei, Mohammad Auais, Susan P Phillips, Jack Guralnik, M V Zunzunegui
OBJECTIVE: We estimated the 2-year incidence of poor physical performance according to gender roles and examined mediating pathways related to health behaviors and chronic conditions. METHOD: Data are from the International Mobility in Aging Study ( n = 1,676). The Bem Sex Role Inventory was used to classify participants into four gender roles as "masculine," "feminine," "androgynous," and "undifferentiated." RESULTS: We found a higher incidence of poor physical performance among participants endorsing the feminine (adjusted incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 2...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"