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Journal of Aging and Health

Tiago da S Alexandre, Ligiana P Corona, Tábatta R P Brito, Jair L F Santos, Yeda A O Duarte, Maria L Lebrão
OBJECTIVE: To analyze gender differences in incidence and determinants of the components of the frailty phenotype. METHOD: A total of 1,413 older adults were selected in 2006. To estimate the incidence of each frailty component, only individuals who did not exhibit a given component at baseline (independently of the presence of other components) were included in the study. The variables of interest were socioeconomic, behavioral, clinical, anthropometric factors and physical performance...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Blakelee R Kemp, Kenneth F Ferraro, Patricia M Morton, Sarah A Mustillo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of five childhood misfortune domains-parental behavior, socioeconomic status, infectious diseases, chronic diseases, and impairments-on all-site and selected site-specific cancer prevalence and all-site cancer incidence. METHOD: Panel data from the Health and Retirement Study (2004-2012) were used to investigate cancer risk among adults above the age of 50. RESULTS: Risky parental behavior and impairment in childhood were associated with higher odds of all-site cancer prevalence, and childhood chronic disease was associated with prostate cancer, even after adjusting for adult health and socioeconomic factors...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Rebecca A Schlaff, Meghan Baruth, Valerie J Adams, Tatum M Goldufsky, Nathan A Peters, Graceson Kerr, Ashley Boggs, Ashley Ewald
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the effects of a 12-week, behavioral nutrition intervention on dietary behaviors. METHOD: Inactive older adults (N = 50) were randomized to a 12-week, behavioral nutrition or physical activity intervention, delivered in a group-based format. Questionnaires assessed fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, and fat- and fiber-related behaviors at baseline and postintervention. Height and weight were measured. Repeated-measures ANOVAs examined changes in dietary behaviors over time between groups, controlling for age, gender, and education...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Carla Ferreira do Nascimento, Yeda Aparecida Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lúcia Lebrão, Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho
OBJECTIVE: To identify socioeconomic and contextual factors associated with functional mobility and falls in elderly residents of São Paulo, Brazil. METHOD: We used data from the Health, Well-Being, and Aging (Saúde, Bem-estare Envelhecimento [SABE]) Study. The dependent variables were falling in the last year and functional mobility impairment. Individual (marital status, race, education, and perception of income sufficiency) and contextual (green area and violence) factors were analyzed by multilevel logistic models...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Allison B Brenner, James F Burke, Lesli E Skolarus
OBJECTIVES: We test a comprehensive model of disability in older stroke survivors and determine the relative contribution of neighborhood, economic, psychological, and medical factors to disability. METHOD: The sample consisted of 728 stroke survivors from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), who were 65 years and older living in community settings or residential care. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling were used to test relationships between neighborhood, socioeconomic, psychological, and medical factors, and disability...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Elise Whitley, Michaela Benzeval, Frank Popham
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate how socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with multidimensional measures of successful aging (SA), and how this varies and accumulates across the life-course. METHOD: Using data from 1,733 Scottish men and women from two cohorts aged around 57 and 76, respectively, we explored associations of SA, based on the Rowe-Kahn model, with 10 measures of SEP measured in childhood and, distally and proximally, in adulthood...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Kenzie Latham, Philippa J Clarke
OBJECTIVE: This research explores whether physical neighborhood disorder or perceived social cohesion is associated with participation in social activities among older Americans (age 65+). METHOD: Using the first wave of the National Health & Aging Trends Study (NHATS; N = 6,383), a series of logistic regression models were created to assess the odds of participation. RESULTS: Low social cohesion was associated with decreased odds of visiting friends and family (odds ratio [OR] = 0...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Thomas A Morton, Neil Wilson, Catherine Haslam, Megan Birney, Rosemary Kingston, Lauren-Grace McCloskey
OBJECTIVE: Guided by theoretical and empirical work attesting to the health benefits of social connections, we tested whether Internet connectivity, and training in its use for social purposes, can support the well-being of older adults receiving care. METHOD: Participants (N = 76) were randomly assigned to receive 3 months training versus care-as-usual. Cognitive and mental health were assessed before and after the intervention. RESULTS: Results show significant cognitive improvements across time in the training, but not control, group...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Myrla Sales, Remco Polman, Keith D Hill, Pazit Levinger
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility, effectiveness, and short-term effects of an exercise intervention using a novel exercise park in improving seniors' balance, physical function, and quality of life. METHOD: Randomized controlled trial with pre- and post-intervention design (baseline and 18-week intervention) was used. Outcome measures included measures of balance, strength, and function, as well as quality of life and fear of falling. MANCOVA was used to assess differences between groups (control and exercise intervention) over time...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Margaret Danilovich, Xiaoling Xiang, Daniel Pinto
OBJECTIVE: This study examined factors associated with the self-reported change in health status as a result of caregiving. METHOD: Multinomial logistic regression were performed to examine the sociodemographic characteristics, care recipients' characteristics, and caregiving experiences that affect caregivers' perceptions of health affected by caregiving using data from 1,087 caregiver respondents in the Caregiving in the U.S. 2015 data set. Data were collected through an online or telephone survey of randomly selected adults in 50 states...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Linda L Hill, Gail A Laughlin, Richele Bettencourt, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the associations between health and health care utilization with driving patterns in a cohort of older adults. METHOD: In 2012, a total of 1,826 surviving participants in the Rancho Bernardo cohort were sent a health and driving pattern survey; 1,277 were returned. RESULTS: The majority of the respondents (1,151, 91%) were still driving. Older age, female sex, hospitalizations, emergency department (ED) visits and physical therapy visits, neurological disease, depression, limited vision, and limited hearing were associated with non-driving status...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Fengyan Tang, Ling Xu, Iris Chi, Xinqi Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of neighborhood characteristics and living arrangements with physical and mental health among older Chinese Americans. METHOD: A sample of 3,159 community-dwelling Chinese older adults in the Greater Chicago area provided reports of health, socio-demographic characteristics, living arrangements, social cohesion, and neighborhood disorder. We used multinomial logistic, Poisson, and negative binominal regression analyses...
July 31, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Rebecca Bendayan, Andrea M Piccinin, Scott M Hofer, Graciela Muniz
OBJECTIVE: The association between patterns of change in self-rated health (SRH) and memory trajectories in older adults was examined using a systematic approach. METHOD: Data from the Health and Retirement Study (n = 6,016) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (n = 734) were analyzed. Individuals were grouped into five categories according to their pattern of change in SRH over 8 years: stable excellent/very good/good, stable fair/poor, improvement, decline, and fluctuating pattern without a trend...
July 31, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Emmanuelle Cambois, Sébastien Grobon, Herman Van Oyen, Jean-Marie Robine
OBJECTIVE: The Global Activity Limitation Indicator (GALI), a single question measuring disability, had been introduced in various European surveys since 2004. The complexity of its wording has been questioned. Our study compares alternative variants aiming to simplify the wording. METHOD: We used the Health-Related Opinion Survey run in 2014 in France (N = 3,009). Its split sample design allows testing four variants of the questions. We analyzed the prevalence of activity limitation (AL) resulting from the four different constructs of the GALI using multinomial logistic regressions, adjusted for background variables and functional limitations (FLs)...
October 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Jennifer H Madans, Julie D Weeks
OBJECTIVE: Initiatives designed to monitor health typically incorporate numerous specific measures of health and the health system to assess improvements, or lack thereof, for policy and program purposes. The addition of summary measures provides overarching information which is essential for determining whether the goals of such initiatives are met. METHOD: Summary measures are identified that relate to the individual indicators but that also reflect movement in the various parts of the system...
October 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Rahul Malhotra, Angelique Chan, Shweta Ajay, Stefan Ma, Yasuhiko Saito
OBJECTIVE: To assess variation in gender gap (female-male) in inactive life expectancy (IALE) and active life expectancy (ALE) by definition of inactivity. METHOD: Inactivity, among older Singaporeans, was defined as follows: Scenario 1-health-related difficulty in activities of daily living (ADLs); Scenario 2-health-related difficulty in ADLs/instrumental ADLs (IADLs); Scenario 3-health-related difficulty in ADLs/IADLs or non-health-related non-performance of IADLs...
October 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Chi-Tsun Chiu, Mark Hayward, Yasuhiko Saito
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the educational gradient of health and mortality between two long-lived populations: Japan and the United States. METHOD: This analysis is based on the Nihon University Japanese Longitudinal Study of Aging and the Health and Retirement Study to compare educational gradients in multiple aspects of population health-life expectancy with/without disability, functional limitations, or chronic diseases, using prevalence-based Sullivan life tables...
October 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Brian Downer, Nai-Wei Chen, Rebeca Wong, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVE: To examine the health and functional characteristics of Mexican and Mexican American adults aged ≥80. METHOD: Data came from Wave I (2001) and Wave III (2012) of the Mexican Health and Aging Study (MHAS), and Wave IV (2000-2001) and Wave VII (2010-2011) of the Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (HEPESE). RESULTS: In 2000-2001, diabetes, arthritis, hypertension, and stroke were higher in the HEPESE than in the MHAS...
October 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Emmanuelle Cambois, Aïda Solé-Auró, Jean-Marie Robine
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to study to what extent European variations in differentials in disability by education level are associated to variation in poverty. METHOD: Using the European Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) for 26 countries, we measure the prevalence of activity limitation (AL) and the rate of economic hardship (EH) by level of education. We measure the increased AL prevalence (disadvantage) of the low-educated relative to the middle-educated and the reduced AL prevalence (advantage) of the high-educated groups, controlling or not for EH...
October 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Elke Loichinger, Daniela Weber
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the article is to analyze past and present developments of working life expectancy (WLE) at age 50 by age, sex, and education in Europe. WLE is also compared with life expectancy (LE) and healthy life expectancy (HLE). METHOD: WLE is calculated with the Sullivan method. Labor force participation is based on the European Union (EU) Labor Force Survey. RESULTS: WLE at age 50 has been increasing since the mid- to late 1990s in most European countries...
October 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
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