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Journal of Aging and Health

Yeung Wei-Jun Jean, Thang Leng Leng
OBJECTIVE: To introduce this Special Issue that focuses on understanding the issues surrounding the long-term care (LTC) in selected societies in Southeast and East Asian countries. METHOD: We first provide demographic and socioeconomic context for these countries and then summarize the seven articles in this issue. RESULTS: The articles highlight the rapidly rising demand for LTC in this region in the next few decades given the declining fertility, lengthening life expectancy, and increasing migration...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Shawnda Schroeder, Collette Adamsen, Cole Ward
OBJECTIVE: This study describes trends in self-reported dental care utilization and services needed among American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian (AI/AN/NH) elders 2008 to 2017, including demographic and socioeconomic variability. METHOD: Researchers utilized data from the Survey of Elders administered by the National Resource Center on Native American Aging, representing all regions of the United States and 262 tribes. Data were analyzed comparing means over time and between/within groups...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Morgan E Peele
OBJECTIVE: Limited knowledge exists about whether childhood health and socioeconomic status (SES) conditions influence health among older adults in Indonesia. METHOD: Data from Wave 5 (2014/2015) of the Indonesian Family Life Survey ( N = 6,530) was used to examine associations between childhood health and SES and hypertension, lung conditions, diabetes, lower body functional limitations (LBFL), and instrumental activities of daily living limitations (IADL). RESULTS: Poor childhood health was associated with 34% higher odds of hypertension (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Luana Caroline de Assunção Cortez Corrêa, Catherine M Pirkle, Yan Yan Wu, Afshin Vafaei, Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Saionara Maria Aires da Câmara
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the influence of urinary incontinence (UI) on physical performance. METHOD: In prospective analyses from the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS), 915 women (65-74 years) from Canada, Colombia, Albania, and Brazil were evaluated in relation to self-reported UI (past week) and physical performance (Short Physical Performance Battery [SPPB]), with reevaluation after 2 years. Linear mixed models examined the influence of UI on SPPB, adjusted by covariates (age, study site, education, income sufficiency, body mass index [BMI] and parity)...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Patty Doran, Sorrel Burden, Nick Shryane
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of emotional support on the quality of life (QoL) of older cancer survivors. METHOD: We use data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing to assess the relationship between perceived emotional support and QoL, comparing people who were cancer survivors ( n = 533) to people without cancer ( n = 8,203). RESULTS: Most people reported high emotional support and had good QoL ( M = 42.57, scale = 0-57)...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
John Knodel, Bussarawan Teerawichitchainan, Wiraporn Pothisiri
OBJECTIVE: To provide a situation analysis of recent long-term care (LTC) needs among older persons in Thailand. METHOD: The 2014 Survey of Older Persons in Thailand (SOPT) provides data to assess patterns of caregiving, whether care needs are met, and who are main caregivers for older Thais. We examine how types of familial and nonfamilial caregivers are associated with the well-being of older persons. RESULTS: The need for LTC increases sharply with age and is more common among women than men...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
John Taylor, Michael J McFarland, Dawn C Carr
OBJECTIVES: Engagement in close personal ties has been shown to reduce risk for morbidity and mortality. In this study, we assess the extent to which one dimension of social relationships, mattering to others, conditions the positive relationship between age and allostatic load (AL). We do so to test the assumption that age-related declines in health are less prominent among those with high levels of mattering. METHOD: Poisson regression models were estimated using data from the Nashville Stress and Health Study (NSAHS)...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Poh Lin Tan
OBJECTIVE: To estimate proportions of married couples aged 30 to 59 years who face simultaneous demands from elderly parents and children in China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan, and the effects on couples' life and marital satisfaction. METHOD: Using data from the 2006 East Asian Social Survey, proportions of sandwiched couples were estimated using three definitions: co-residence, co-residence or nearby residence, and co-residence or frequent provision of financial/physical assistance...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Jing Wang, Junqiao Wang, Yuling Cao, Shoumei Jia, Bei Wu
OBJECTIVE: This study examines how older residents' social support and perceived empowerment are associated with their quality of life (QOL) in long-term care (LTC) facilities in Shanghai, China, controlling for their health-related conditions, facility type, and other socio-demographic characteristics. METHOD: Using a convenient sampling approach, we selected nine LTC facilities in Shanghai, China. We surveyed 515 older residents from these facilities. RESULTS: Older participants in this study rate their QOL, social support, and perceived empowerment as moderate, and these variables are positively associated with their QOL...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Renuka Bhaskar, James Noon, Brett J O'Hara
OBJECTIVES: We examine survey reporting of Medicare coverage of the older population by evaluating discordance between survey responses and administrative records. METHOD: We link data from the 2014 Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS ASEC) and 2014 Medicare Enrollment Database to evaluate the extent to which individuals misreport Medicare coverage in the CPS ASEC. Using regression analyses, we assess factors associated with misreporting...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Aluisius Hery Pratono, Asri Maharani
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to examine community long-term care (LTC) in Indonesia by drawing upon the five principles of human right provision: availability, accessibility, acceptability, quality, and universality. METHOD: We used a qualitative approach with exploratory multiple case studies in three different areas in East Java Province, Indonesia. This study gathered the initial evidence using a report card approach with self-report questionnaires. In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were carried out to understand factors that affect the efficacy of LTC services...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Shanna L Burke, Tianyan Hu, Christine E Spadola, Aaron Burgess, Tan Li, Tamara Cadet
OBJECTIVE: This study explored two research questions: (a) Does sleep medication neutralize or provide a protective effect against the hazard of Alzheimer's disease (AD)? (b) Do apolipoprotein (APOE) e4 carriers reporting a sleep disturbance experience an increased risk of AD? METHOD: This study is a secondary analysis of the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center's Uniform Data Set ( n = 6,782) using Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: Sleep disturbance was significantly associated with eventual AD development...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Pei-Chun Ko, Wei-Jun Jean Yeung
OBJECTIVES: Against the background of emerging research interest in integrating Active Aging in long-term care policies, the study investigates the relationships between community environment and engagement in social activities (paid work, domestic care, participation in community and leisure activities) by older Chinese adults. Six indicators are derived from the economic, institutional, and sociodemographic environments of the communities under analysis. METHOD: The first wave of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) is used for empirical examinations...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Victoria C Liu, Insaf Mohammad, Bibban B Deol, Ann Balarezo, Lili Deng, Candice L Garwood
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate hospital utilization and characterize interventions of pharmacist-led telephonic post-discharge medication reconciliation. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was conducted, including 833 index events in 586 geriatric patients receiving the intervention. Medicare claims were used to capture 30-day hospital utilization (admission to the emergency department, observation unit, or inpatient hospitalization) following discharge from any of these locations...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Andy Towers, Ágnes Szabó, David A L Newcombe, Janie Sheridan, Allison A Moore, Martin Hyde, Annie Britton, Priscilla Martinez, Nadia Minicuci, Paul Kowal, Thomas Clausen, Christine L Savage
OBJECTIVES: The study compared the proportion of older adults identified as drinking hazardously based on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C) with the older adult-specific Comorbidity Alcohol Risk Evaluation Tool (CARET) and investigated whether sociodemographics, comorbidities, health, medication use, and alcohol-related risk behaviors explained discrepancies between the screens in classification of hazardousness. METHOD: The AUDIT-C and the CARET were administered to 3,673 adults aged 55 to 89 years...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Connor Sheehan, Benjamin W Domingue, Eileen Crimmins
OBJECTIVES: Measures of disability depend on health and social roles in a given environment. Yet, social roles can change over time as they have by gender. We document how engagement in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) is shifting by gender and birth cohort among older adults, and the challenges these shifts can create for population-level estimates of disability. METHOD: We used the Health and Retirement Study ( N = 25,047) and multinomial logistic regression models with an interaction term between gender and birth cohort to predict limitation and nonperformance relative to no difficulty conducting IADLs...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Emma B Smith, Mayur M Desai, Martin Slade, Becca R Levy
OBJECTIVE: Much of the literature on aging cognitive health has focused on individual determinants, rather than societal ones; in contrast, this study examined whether country-level age status predicts cognitive performance of older individuals over time. METHOD: Eight countries were examined using a novel combination of country-level age status data from the European Social Survey and individual-level data from the Survey on Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe, between 2004 and 2013...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Haena Lee, Kathleen A Cagney, Louise Hawkley
OBJECTIVES: We examine whether police-reported crime is associated with adiposity and examine to what extent the association between crime and adiposity is explained by perceived neighborhood danger with a particular focus on gender differences. METHOD: Data are drawn from the wave of 2010-2011 National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project merged with information on neighborhood social environment and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) crime report. We use burglary as a main predictor...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Yeonjung Lee, Margaret Penning
OBJECTIVE: This study employed the behavioral model of service utilization to assess the impact of social support and other predisposing, enabling, and health need factors on the receipt of informal, formal, and/or combination of both types of in-home care. METHOD: The study utilized data from the 2008-2009 Canadian Community Health Survey and focused on individuals aged 45 and older with one or more functional limitations ( N = 5,898). RESULTS: A broad array of predisposing and enabling factors influenced the receipt of care both directly and indirectly through health-related needs for care...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Jennifer R Piazza, Robert S Stawski, Julia L Sheffler
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined age differences in the association between daily stressors and allostatic load. METHOD: Participants consisted of 317 adults (34-84 years) who participated in Waves 1 (1996-1997) and 2 (between 2005 and 2009) of the Midlife Development in the United States Survey. During Wave 1, participants reported the stressors they encountered across eight consecutive days. Within-person affective reactivity slopes indexing change in negative affect from a nonstressor day to a stressor day were calculated for each participant...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
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