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Journal of Aging and Health

Una E Makris, Mark A Weinreich, Liana Fraenkel, Ling Han, Linda Leo-Summers, Thomas M Gill
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between back pain severe enough to restrict activity (restricting back pain) and subsequent disability in essential (e) and instrumental (i) activities of daily living (ADL) among community-living older adults. METHOD: In this prospective cohort study, we evaluated 754 adults, aged ≥70 years who were initially nondisabled in eADL. Restricting back pain and disability were assessed during monthly interviews for up to 159 months...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Paula S Nurius, Christopher M Fleming, Eleanor Brindle
OBJECTIVE: This study examines pathways from adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to physical health, directly and indirectly through lower income, health risk behaviors, social support, and adult adversity within a theoretical framework postulating stress proliferative and biological trajectories of cumulative adversity. METHOD: Data were obtained from 12,549 adult respondents of a state Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey. Multigroup structural equation modeling elucidated pathways differentiated by sex and age (older/younger than 45)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Mark J Siedner
OBJECTIVE: The number of people living with HIV (PLWH) over 50 years old in sub-Saharan Africa is predicted to triple in the coming decades, to 6-10 million. Yet, there is a paucity of data on the determinants of health and quality of life for older PLWH in the region. METHODS: A review was undertaken to describe the impact of HIV infection on aging for PLWH in sub-Saharan Africa. RESULTS: We (a) summarize the pathophysiology and epidemiology of aging with HIV in resource-rich settings, and (b) describe how these relationships might differ in sub-Saharan Africa, (c) propose a conceptual framework to describe determinants of quality of life for older PLWH, and (d) suggest priority research areas needed to ensure long-term gains in quality of life for PLWH in the region...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Rocío Calvo, Dawn C Carr, Christina Matz-Costa
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated nativity disparities in life satisfaction among ethnoracial groups of older adults in the United States and the factors associated with such disparities. METHOD: Cross-sectional data from 7,348 respondents aged 60 and older from the 2012/2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) were used to estimate linear regression models. RESULTS: Older immigrants experienced higher levels of life satisfaction than comparable native-born individuals...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Sharon M Cruise, John Hughes, Kathleen Bennett, Anne Kouvonen, Frank Kee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD)-related disability (hereafter also "disability") and the impact of CHD risk factors on disability in older adults in the Republic of Ireland (ROI) and Northern Ireland (NI). METHOD: Population attributable fractions were calculated using risk factor relative risks and disability prevalence derived from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing and the Northern Ireland Health Survey...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Bruno Arpino, Aïda Solé-Auró
OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether education inequalities in health among older people can be partially explained by different levels of active aging among educational groups. METHOD: We applied logistic regression and the Karlson, Holm, & Breen (KHB) decomposition method using the 2010 and 2012 waves of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe on individuals aged 50+ years ( N = 27,579). Active aging included social participation, paid work, and provision of grandchild care...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Denise S Cloutier, Margaret J Penning, Kim Nuernberger, Deanne Taylor, Stuart MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: We used latent transition analysis to explore common long-term care (LTC) service trajectories and their predictors for older adults with dementia. METHOD: Using linked administrative data collected over a 4-year interval (2008-2011), the study sample included 3,541 older persons with dementia who were clients of publicly funded LTC in British Columbia, Canada. RESULTS: Our results revealed relatively equal reliance on home care (HC) and facility-based residential care (RC) as starting points...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Jacob G S Davidson, Dawn M Guthrie
OBJECTIVES: Hearing and vision impairment were examined across several health-related outcomes and across a set of quality indicators (QIs) in home care clients with both vision and hearing loss (or dual sensory impairment [DSI]). METHOD: Data collected using the Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC) were analyzed in a sample of older home care clients. The QIs represent the proportion of clients experiencing negative outcomes (e.g., falls, social isolation)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Kristen W Springer, Chioun Lee, Deborah Carr
OBJECTIVE: Wives increasingly outearn their husbands, and gender relations theory suggests this arrangement may undermine men's well-being. We explore how long-term histories of spousal breadwinning may be associated with older men's self-rated mental and physical health, and risk of nine health diagnoses. METHOD: Using 30 years of couple-level income data from the Health and Retirement Study ( n = 1,095 couples), we use latent class analyses to identify six classes that differ with respect to the timing and level of wife breadwinning...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Tsukasa Kamitani, Yosuke Yamamoto, Noriaki Kurita, Shin Yamazaki, Shingo Fukuma, Koji Otani, Miho Sekiguchi, Yoshihiro Onishi, Misa Takegami, Rei Ono, Shinichi Konno, Shinichi Kikuchi, Shunichi Fukuhara
OBJECTIVE: We examined the longitudinal association between the severity of fatigue and falls in community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: Subjective fatigue was assessed using the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) Vitality subscale and classified into four categories by quartile (mildest, mild, moderate, severe). The main outcome was the incidence of any falls during the 2-year follow-up period. RESULTS: Of the 751 participants, 236 (31...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Clara Berridge, Vincent Mor
OBJECTIVE: We document differential prevalence of need for assistance with personal, instrumental, and mobility tasks and adverse consequences of unmet needs, nursing home relocation, and mortality among Black and White older adults. METHOD: Data are from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Using logistic and multinomial logistic regression, we determine whether race is predictive of reporting need or adverse consequence and test the role of race as a moderator of the relationship between baseline need and three 1-year outcomes...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Maria A Monserud
OBJECTIVE: This study examines consequences of immigrant status, age at immigration, and gender on age trajectories of activities of daily living (ADL) limitations and chronic conditions among older adults of Mexican descent. METHOD: This research draws on 7 waves of the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly and employs growth curve models. RESULTS: All men had similar age trajectories of ADL limitations, regardless of immigrant status and age at immigration...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Anna G M Rojer, Esmee M Reijnierse, Marijke C Trappenburg, Rob C van Lummel, Martijn Niessen, Kim S van Schooten, Mirjam Pijnappels, Carel G M Meskers, Andrea B Maier
OBJECTIVES: Self-reported physical activity has shown to affect muscle-related parameters. As self-report is likely biased, this study aimed to assess the association between instrumented assessment of physical activity (I-PA) and muscle-related parameters in a general population. METHOD: Included were 156 young-to-middle-aged and 80 older community-dwelling adults. Seven days of trunk accelerometry (DynaPort MoveMonitor, McRoberts B.V.) quantified daily physical activity (i...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Kerstin Emerson, Ian Boggero, Glenn Ostir, Jayani Jayawardhana
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this is to examine whether pain is associated with the onset of loneliness in a sample of community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: We used data from the 2008 and 2012 Health and Retirement Study. We limited the sample to community-dwelling persons aged 60 years and over who were not lonely in 2008 in order to predict the risk of onset of loneliness (incidence) in 2012. Our analytic sample included 1,563 observations. RESULTS: Approximately 31...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Jelena Milic, Taulant Muka, M Arfan Ikram, Oscar H Franco, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore correlates and predictors of bereavement severity and persistence (triggered by "loss of a loved one"; referent group partner loss) in the Rotterdam cohort. METHOD: We used linear regression to examine factors associated with grief severity using a cross-sectional analysis and logistic regression to determine prospective associations. RESULTS: Cross-sectionaly, females, child-lost, higher depressive symptoms, lower education, and difficulties in daily activities were independently associated with a higher bereavement severity...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Gitte L Petersen, Erik L Mortensen, Naja H Rod, Theis Lange, Trine Flensborg-Madsen, Åse M Hansen, Rikke Lund
OBJECTIVE: To investigate separate and combined associations of occupational social class and personality traits with late midlife leisure-time physical activity duration and intensity. METHOD: Cross-sectional data from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank ( N = 4,649) were analyzed using linear regression models with leisure-time physical activity (metric equivalence) as outcome. RESULTS: Low versus high occupational social class was associated with 4% (95% confidence interval [CI] = [3%, 5%]) greater leisure-time physical activity duration, but 2% (CI = [1%, 3%]) lower intensity...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Julio M Fernandez-Villa, David X Marquez, Natalia Sanchez-Garrido, Mario U Perez-Zepeda, Mariana Gonzalez-Lara
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to establish the association between beliefs about healthy habits and mortality in a group of Mexican older adults. METHOD: This is an 11-year follow-up secondary analysis of the Mexican Health and Aging Study. RESULTS: There was a significant difference ( p < .001) in survival rate between those participants who believed that healthy habits have the potential to improve health compared with those who did not...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Nestor Rodriguez, Cristian L Paredes, Jacqueline Hagan
OBJECTIVE: The passage of the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) and other subsequent restrictive immigration policies have created fear among Latino immigrants. This study examines whether fear of immigration enforcement is socially significant among older (50+ years) foreign-born Latino individuals in the United States without citizenship or permanent residence, and whether disapproval of immigrant enforcement policies is directly associated with fear of immigration enforcement among this older population...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Jo-Ana D Chase, Liming Huang, David Russell, Alexandra Hanlon, Melissa O'Connor, Keith M Robinson, Kathryn H Bowles
OBJECTIVE: To examine activities of daily living (ADL) disability outcomes among racially/ethnically diverse elders receiving home care (HC) after hospitalization. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of single-agency, 2013-2014 Outcome and Assessment Information Set data from older adults who received post-hospitalization HC ( n = 20,674). We measured overall change in ADL disability by summing the difference of standardized admission and discharge scores from nine individual ADL...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
Jennifer M DeSalvo, Gregory S Young, Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Electra D Paskett
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to test the effectiveness of a patient navigation (PN) intervention to reduce time to diagnostic resolution among older adults age ≥65 years versus those <65 years with abnormal breast, cervical, or colorectal cancer screening exams participating in the Ohio Patient Navigation Research Program (OPNRP). METHOD: The OPNRP utilized a nested cohort group-randomized trial design to randomize 862 participants ( n = 67 for ≥65 years; n = 795 for <65 years) to PN or usual care conditions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
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