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Journal of Aging and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805100/older-adults-with-a-combination-of-vision-and-hearing-impairment-experience-higher-rates-of-cognitive-impairment-functional-dependence-and-worse-outcomes-across-a-set-of-quality-indicators
#1
Jacob G S Davidson, Dawn M Guthrie
OBJECTIVES: Hearing and vision impairment were examined across several health-related outcomes and across a set of quality indicators (QIs) in home care clients with both vision and hearing loss (or dual sensory impairment [DSI]). METHOD: Data collected using the Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC) were analyzed in a sample of older home care clients. The QIs represent the proportion of clients experiencing negative outcomes (e.g., falls, social isolation)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782397/spousal-breadwinning-across-30-years-of-marriage-and-husbands-health-a-gendered-life-course-stress-approach
#2
Kristen W Springer, Chioun Lee, Deborah Carr
OBJECTIVE: Wives increasingly outearn their husbands, and gender relations theory suggests this arrangement may undermine men's well-being. We explore how long-term histories of spousal breadwinning may be associated with older men's self-rated mental and physical health, and risk of nine health diagnoses. METHOD: Using 30 years of couple-level income data from the Health and Retirement Study ( n = 1,095 couples), we use latent class analyses to identify six classes that differ with respect to the timing and level of wife breadwinning...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745130/longitudinal-association-between-subjective-fatigue-and-future-falls-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-the-locomotive-syndrome-and-health-outcomes-in-the-aizu-cohort-study-lohas
#3
Tsukasa Kamitani, Yosuke Yamamoto, Noriaki Kurita, Shin Yamazaki, Shingo Fukuma, Koji Otani, Miho Sekiguchi, Yoshihiro Onishi, Misa Takegami, Rei Ono, Shinichi Konno, Shinichi Kikuchi, Shunichi Fukuhara
OBJECTIVE: We examined the longitudinal association between the severity of fatigue and falls in community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: Subjective fatigue was assessed using the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) Vitality subscale and classified into four categories by quartile (mildest, mild, moderate, severe). The main outcome was the incidence of any falls during the 2-year follow-up period. RESULTS: Of the 751 participants, 236 (31...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737106/disparities-in-the-prevalence-of-unmet-needs-and-their-consequences-among-black-and-white-older-adults
#4
Clara Berridge, Vincent Mor
OBJECTIVE: We document differential prevalence of need for assistance with personal, instrumental, and mobility tasks and adverse consequences of unmet needs, nursing home relocation, and mortality among Black and White older adults. METHOD: Data are from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Using logistic and multinomial logistic regression, we determine whether race is predictive of reporting need or adverse consequence and test the role of race as a moderator of the relationship between baseline need and three 1-year outcomes...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737054/age-trajectories-of-physical-health-among-older-adults-of-mexican-descent-implications-of-immigrant-status-age-at-immigration-and-gender
#5
Maria A Monserud
OBJECTIVE: This study examines consequences of immigrant status, age at immigration, and gender on age trajectories of activities of daily living (ADL) limitations and chronic conditions among older adults of Mexican descent. METHOD: This research draws on 7 waves of the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly and employs growth curve models. RESULTS: All men had similar age trajectories of ADL limitations, regardless of immigrant status and age at immigration...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737046/instrumented-assessment-of-physical-activity-is-associated-with-muscle-function-but-not-with-muscle-mass-in-a-general-population
#6
Anna G M Rojer, Esmee M Reijnierse, Marijke C Trappenburg, Rob C van Lummel, Martijn Niessen, Kim S van Schooten, Mirjam Pijnappels, Carel G M Meskers, Andrea B Maier
OBJECTIVES: Self-reported physical activity has shown to affect muscle-related parameters. As self-report is likely biased, this study aimed to assess the association between instrumented assessment of physical activity (I-PA) and muscle-related parameters in a general population. METHOD: Included were 156 young-to-middle-aged and 80 older community-dwelling adults. Seven days of trunk accelerometry (DynaPort MoveMonitor, McRoberts B.V.) quantified daily physical activity (i...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728466/pain-as-a-risk-factor-for-loneliness-among-older-adults
#7
Kerstin Emerson, Ian Boggero, Glenn Ostir, Jayani Jayawardhana
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this is to examine whether pain is associated with the onset of loneliness in a sample of community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: We used data from the 2008 and 2012 Health and Retirement Study. We limited the sample to community-dwelling persons aged 60 years and over who were not lonely in 2008 in order to predict the risk of onset of loneliness (incidence) in 2012. Our analytic sample included 1,563 observations. RESULTS: Approximately 31...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720010/determinants-and-predictors-of-grief-severity-and-persistence-the-rotterdam-study
#8
Jelena Milic, Taulant Muka, M Arfan Ikram, Oscar H Franco, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore correlates and predictors of bereavement severity and persistence (triggered by "loss of a loved one"; referent group partner loss) in the Rotterdam cohort. METHOD: We used linear regression to examine factors associated with grief severity using a cross-sectional analysis and logistic regression to determine prospective associations. RESULTS: Cross-sectionaly, females, child-lost, higher depressive symptoms, lower education, and difficulties in daily activities were independently associated with a higher bereavement severity...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752788/occupational-social-class-and-personality-traits-in-relation-to-leisure-time-physical-activity-level-cross-sectional-results-from-the-copenhagen-aging-and-midlife-biobank
#9
Gitte L Petersen, Erik L Mortensen, Naja H Rod, Theis Lange, Trine Flensborg-Madsen, Åse M Hansen, Rikke Lund
OBJECTIVE: To investigate separate and combined associations of occupational social class and personality traits with late midlife leisure-time physical activity duration and intensity. METHOD: Cross-sectional data from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank ( N = 4,649) were analyzed using linear regression models with leisure-time physical activity (metric equivalence) as outcome. RESULTS: Low versus high occupational social class was associated with 4% (95% confidence interval [CI] = [3%, 5%]) greater leisure-time physical activity duration, but 2% (CI = [1%, 3%]) lower intensity...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679303/association-of-healthy-habits-beliefs-and-mortality-in-older-adults-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-mexican-health-and-aging-study
#10
Julio M Fernandez-Villa, David X Marquez, Natalia Sanchez-Garrido, Mario U Perez-Zepeda, Mariana Gonzalez-Lara
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to establish the association between beliefs about healthy habits and mortality in a group of Mexican older adults. METHOD: This is an 11-year follow-up secondary analysis of the Mexican Health and Aging Study. RESULTS: There was a significant difference ( p < .001) in survival rate between those participants who believed that healthy habits have the potential to improve health compared with those who did not...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670946/fear-of-immigration-enforcement-among-older-latino-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#11
Nestor Rodriguez, Cristian L Paredes, Jacqueline Hagan
OBJECTIVE: The passage of the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) and other subsequent restrictive immigration policies have created fear among Latino immigrants. This study examines whether fear of immigration enforcement is socially significant among older (50+ years) foreign-born Latino individuals in the United States without citizenship or permanent residence, and whether disapproval of immigrant enforcement policies is directly associated with fear of immigration enforcement among this older population...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662602/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-disability-outcomes-among-post-acute-home-care-patients
#12
Jo-Ana D Chase, Liming Huang, David Russell, Alexandra Hanlon, Melissa O'Connor, Keith M Robinson, Kathryn H Bowles
OBJECTIVE: To examine activities of daily living (ADL) disability outcomes among racially/ethnically diverse elders receiving home care (HC) after hospitalization. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of single-agency, 2013-2014 Outcome and Assessment Information Set data from older adults who received post-hospitalization HC ( n = 20,674). We measured overall change in ADL disability by summing the difference of standardized admission and discharge scores from nine individual ADL...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649914/characterizing-time-to-diagnostic-resolution-after-an-abnormal-cancer-screening-exam-in-older-adult-participants-in-the-ohio-patient-navigation-research-program
#13
Jennifer M DeSalvo, Gregory S Young, Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Electra D Paskett
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to test the effectiveness of a patient navigation (PN) intervention to reduce time to diagnostic resolution among older adults age ≥65 years versus those <65 years with abnormal breast, cervical, or colorectal cancer screening exams participating in the Ohio Patient Navigation Research Program (OPNRP). METHOD: The OPNRP utilized a nested cohort group-randomized trial design to randomize 862 participants ( n = 67 for ≥65 years; n = 795 for <65 years) to PN or usual care conditions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645242/factors-associated-with-visual-impairment-and-eye-care-utilization-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#14
Safari Balegamire, Marie-Josée Aubin, Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Beatriz Alvarado, Ricardo O Guerra, Alban Ylli, Nandini Deshpande, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with visual impairment (VI) and eye care in the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS). METHOD: IMIAS data were analyzed ( N = 1,995 with ages 65-74). Outcomes were VI defined as presenting visual acuity worse than 6/18 in the better eye and eye care utilization assessed by annual visits to eye care professionals. The Hurt-Insult-Threaten-Scream (HITS) questionnaire requested information on domestic violence. RESULTS: Among men, VI varied from 24% in Manizales (Colombia) to 0...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645234/the-long-arm-of-childhood-in-china-early-life-conditions-and-cognitive-function-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#15
Zhenmei Zhang, Jinyu Liu, Lydia Li, Hongwei Xu
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between childhood conditions and cognitive function among middle-aged and older adults in China. METHOD: We analyzed data from the 2011 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study ( N = 11,868). Cognitive function was measured by word recall, a test of episodic memory. We examined the association between childhood conditions and cognitive function among the middle-aged (45-59 years) and the older (60 years and older) adults separately, using multilevel linear regressions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645223/decline-in-literacy-and-incident-ad-dementia-among-community-dwelling-older-persons
#16
Lei Yu, Robert S Wilson, S Duke Han, Sue Leurgans, David A Bennett, Patricia A Boyle
OBJECTIVE: To quantify longitudinal change in financial and health literacy and examine the associations of declining literacy with incident Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHOD: Data came from 799 participants of an ongoing cohort study. Literacy was measured using a battery of 32 questions. Clinical diagnoses were made annually following uniform structured procedures. The associations of declining literacy with incident AD dementia and MCI were tested using a joint model for longitudinal and time-to-event data...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643582/adverse-childhood-circumstances-and-functional-status-throughout-adult-life
#17
James N Laditka, Sarah B Laditka
OBJECTIVE: We studied the association of childhood adversity with adult functional status. METHOD: With data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the 2014 Childhood Retrospective Circumstances Study (1992-2013; N = 6,705; 62,885 person-years), we estimated functional status transition probabilities associated with childhood adversity, with multinomial logistic Markov models adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education. Microsimulation then estimated functional status outcomes throughout adulthood for African American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic White women and men...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643579/religious-participation-and-biological-functioning-in-mexico
#18
Terrence D Hill, Sunshine M Rote, Christopher G Ellison
OBJECTIVE: Although several studies suggest that religious involvement tends to favor healthy biological functioning, most of this work has been conducted in the United States. This study explores the association between religious participation and biological functioning in Mexico. METHOD: The data are drawn from two waves of the Mexican Health and Aging Study (2003-2012) to assess continuous and categorical biomarker specifications. RESULTS: Across specifications, religious participation in 2003 is associated with lower levels of waist-to-hip ratio, total cholesterol, pulse rate, and overall allostatic load in 2012...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627325/the-association-between-handgrip-strength-and-diabetes-on-activities-of-daily-living-disability-in-older-mexican-americans
#19
Ryan P McGrath, Brenda M Vincent, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides, Brad P Dieter, Ryan R Bailey, Mark D Peterson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the independent and joint effects of muscle weakness and diabetes on incident activities of daily living (ADL) disability in older Mexican Americans. METHOD: A subsample of 2,270 Mexican Americans aged at least 65 years at baseline were followed for 19 years. Handgrip strength was normalized to body weight (normalized grip strength [NGS]). Weakness was defined as NGS ≤0.46 in males and ≤0.30 in females. Diabetes and ADL disability were self-reported...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621154/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-changes-in-successful-aging-in-spain-a-follow-up-study
#20
Joan Domènech-Abella, Jaime Perales, Elvira Lara, Maria Victoria Moneta, Ana Izquierdo, Laura Alejandra Rico-Uribe, Jordi Mundó, Josep Maria Haro
OBJECTIVE: Successful aging (SA) refers to maintaining well-being in old age. Several definitions or models of SA exist (biomedical, psychosocial, and mixed). We examined the longitudinal association between various SA models and sociodemographic factors, and analyzed the patterns of change within these models. METHOD: This was a nationally representative follow-up in Spain including 3,625 individuals aged ≥50 years. Some 1,970 individuals were interviewed after 3 years...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
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