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Human Cell

Yan Zhou, Yanzhen Han, Zhitao Zhang, Zhe Shi, Liyuan Zhou, Xiaohong Liu, Xiaoyan Jia
Increasing evidence has confirmed that the dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) contributes to the proliferation and invasion of human cancers. Previous studies have shown that the dysregulation of miR-124 is in numerous cancers. However, the roles of miR-124 in human osteosarcoma (OS) have not been well clarified. Therefore, this study was to investigate the biological functions and molecular mechanisms of miR-124 in OS cell lines, discussing whether it could be a therapeutic biomarker of OS in the future. In this study, our results demonstrated that miR-124 was down-regulated in OS cell lines and tissues...
October 14, 2016: Human Cell
Masako Ishiguro, Mutsumi Yuki, Tomoko Fukushige, Mikio Mizoguchi, Yasuhiko Kaneko, Takeshita Morishige, Hiroshi Iwasaki
Ewing's sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor/Askin's tumor (Ewing`s sarcoma family of tumors: ESFT) is the most common type of malignant tumor of bone and soft tissue in children and young adults, and morphologically is a member of a group of small round cell tumors. We report, here, on the establishment of two human ESFT cell lines, FU-PNET-3 and FU-PNET-4, from the iliac and the chest wall, respectively, the cells of both cell lines were tumorigenic in immunodeficient mice. Histologically, both original and xenograft tumors and cultured cells were composed of small round cells with positive immunoreactivity for CD99 and Nkx2...
September 9, 2016: Human Cell
Liyang Gao, Mingyan Zhao, Peng Li, Junchao Kong, Zhijun Liu, Yonghua Chen, Rui Huang, Jiaqi Chu, Juanhua Quan, Rong Zeng
The ability to generate neural progenitor cells from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) has provided an option to treat neurodegenerative diseases. To establish a method for this purpose, we characterized the early neural markers of hUC-MSCs-derived cells under different conditions. We found that neither the elimination of signals for alternative fate nor N2 supplement was sufficient to differentiate hUC-MSCs into neural precursor cells, but the GSK3 inhibitor SB216763 could promote an efficient neural commitment of hUC-MSCs...
September 7, 2016: Human Cell
Zhenyu Jin, Yuan Feng, Hongwei Liu
Previous reports have mainly focused on the behavioral responses of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) in interaction with tibia bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). However, there is little study on the biologic features of hPDLSCs under the induction of maxilla BMSCs (M-BMSCs) at different phases of osteogenic differentiation. We hypothesized that M-BMSCs undergoing osteogenic differentiation acted on the proliferation, differentiation, and bone-forming capacity of hPDLSCs. In this paper, primary hPDLSCs and human M-BMSCs (hM-BMSCs) were expanded in vitro...
October 2016: Human Cell
Taketo Uchiyama, Norifumi Tatsumi, Sahoko Kamejima, Tsuyoshi Waku, Ichiro Ohkido, Keitaro Yokoyama, Takashi Yokoo, Masataka Okabe
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) disrupts mineral homeostasis and its representative pathosis is defined as secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). SHPT occurs during the early course of progressive renal insufficiency, and is associated with mortality and cardiovascular events. SHPT results in reduction of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) and vitamin D receptor (VDR) in the parathyroid glands during CKD. However, the precise mechanism of CaSR and VDR reduction is largely unknown. CKD was induced through two-step 5/6 nephrectomy, and then CKD rats and sham-operated rats were maintained for 8 weeks on diets containing 0...
October 2016: Human Cell
Akihiro Ohyama, Junko Toyomura, Toshiaki Tachibana, Seiji Isonishi, Haruka Takahashi, Hiroshi Ishikawa
A cell line, designated NOCC, was established from the ascites of a patient with clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary. The cell line has been grown without interruption and continuously propagated by serial passaging (more than 76 times) over 7 years. The cells are spherical to polygonal-shaped, display neoplastic, and pleomorphic features, and grow in a jigsaw puzzle-like pattern while forming monolayers without contact inhibition. The cells proliferate rapidly, but are easily floated as a cell sheet. The population doubling time is about 29 h...
October 2016: Human Cell
Yasuhisa Araki, Yuki Matsui, Ayaka Iizumi, Syoutarou Tsuchiya, Yumi Kaneko, Kazufumi Sato, Tomoya Ozaki, Yasuyuki Araki, Mitsuru Nishimura
Trophectoderm vesicles (TVs) are observed in some blastocysts that penetrate cells from the zona pellucida to the outer margin. Therefore, we compared this incidence in relation to hatching, pregnancy, and miscarriage rates between conventional in vitro fertilization (c-IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Vitrified/warmed blastocysts (n = 112) were derived from surplus embryos. The blastocysts were then observed using time-lapse cinematography to resolve the relationship between hatching and implantation...
October 2016: Human Cell
Changwen Bo, Na Li, Xiuli Li, Xianwei Liang, Yonghui An
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common human cancers all over the world. Increasing evidences have demonstrated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in malignant transformation, tumor growth and metastasis in HCC. Among lncRNAs, ultraconserved RNAs (ucRNAs) containing an ultraconserved region have been report to contribute to human cancers. lncRNA ultraconserved element 338 (uc.338) was first found to be upregulated in HCC and promote cell growth. However, the exact mechanism by which uc...
October 2016: Human Cell
Gaohong Lv, Xing Lv, Yuhan Tao, Huiqin Xu
Diabetes mellitus is an endocrine and metabolic disease characterized by high blood glucose. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most typical diabetic complications. Cornus officinalis is a type of traditional Chinese medicine that replenishes the liver and kidney. Morroniside is one of the main characteristic components of C. officinalis. In this study, an in vitro model for simulating DN damage was established by stimulating rat glomerular mesangial cells by the advanced glycation end products. The protective mechanism and effect of morroniside in regulating receptor for advanced glycation end products signaling pathway in DN was investigated to provide experimental evidence for the prevention and treatment of DN...
October 2016: Human Cell
Seiya Sato, Hiroaki Itamochi, Nao Oumi, Youhei Chiba, Tetsuro Oishi, Muneaki Shimada, Shinya Sato, Jun Chikumi, Michiko Nonaka, Akiko Kudoh, Hiroaki Komatsu, Tasuku Harada, Toru Sugiyama
A new cell line of human ovarian clear cell carcinoma (CCC), TU-OC-2, was established and characterized. The cells were polygonal in shape, grew in monolayers without contact inhibition and were arranged in islands like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle. The chromosome numbers ranged from 41 to 96. A low rate of proliferation was observed and the doubling time was 37.5 h. The IC50 values of cisplatin, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN38), which is an active metabolite of camptothecin, and paclitaxel were 7.7 μM, 17...
October 2016: Human Cell
Koichiro Nishino, Akihiro Umezawa
Indeed human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are considered to be powerful tools in regenerative medicine. To enable the use of hiPSCs in the field of regenerative medicine, it is necessary to understand the mechanisms of reprogramming during the transformation of somatic cells into hiPSCs. Genome-wide epigenetic modification constitutes a critical event in the generation of iPSCs. In other words, to analyze epigenetic changes in iPSCs means to elucidate reprogramming processes. We have established a large number of hiPSCs derived from various human tissues and have obtained their DNA methylation profiles...
July 2016: Human Cell
Koichiro Tsukasa, Qiang Ding, Yumi Miyazaki, Shyuichiro Matsubara, Shoji Natsugoe, Sonshin Takao
Pancreatic cancer is a deadly disease with a poor prognosis. Recently, miRNAs have been reported to be abnormally expressed in several cancers and play a role in cancer development and progression. However, the role of miRNA in cancer stem cells remains unclear. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the role of miRNA in the CD133(+) pancreatic cancer cell line Capan-1M9 because CD133 is a putative marker of pancreatic cancer stem cells. Using miRNA microarray, we found that the expression level of the miR-30 family decreased in CD133 genetic knockdown shCD133 Capan-1M9 cells...
July 2016: Human Cell
Yuuki Hashikura, Kazumi Umeki, Kunihiko Umekita, Hajime Nomura, Ikuo Yamamoto, Hiroo Hasegawa, Katsunori Yanagihara, Akihiko Okayama
A human T-lymphotropic virus Type 1 (HTLV-1) positive cell line, MT-2, derived from human cord leukocytes co-culturing with adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) cells is commonly used in HTLV-1 research; however, the details of provirus integrated in MT-2 genome have not yet been characterized. In this study, five types of HTLV-1 proviral sequences were detected in 11 different sites of the genome in a reference MT-2 cell line. The five types of HTLV-1 proviral sequences were one complete proviral genome, two types of proviruses with deletion of large internal viral sequences (5...
July 2016: Human Cell
Hiroshi Yokoyama, Ayako Sasaki, Tadashi Yoshizawa, Hiroshi Kijima, Kenichi Hakamada, Katsuya Yamada
Extrahepatic bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma) has a poor prognosis. Since surgical resection is the only way to prolong the patient's life, it is of critical importance to correctly determine the extent of lesions. However, conventional pre-operative assessments have insufficient spatial resolution for determining the surgical margin. A fluorescent contrast agent might provide a more precise measure to identify anomalies in biliary surface, when combined with probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE)...
July 2016: Human Cell
Miyuki Kawakami, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Akira Tanaka, Izumi Mataga
Atrophy or hypofunction of the salivary gland because of aging or disease leads to hyposalivation that affects patient quality of life by causing dry mouth, deterioration of mastication/deglutition, and poor oral hygiene status. Current therapy for atrophy or hypofunction of the salivary gland in clinical practice focuses on symptom relief using drugs and artificial saliva; therefore, there is still a need to develop new therapies. To investigate potential novel therapeutic targets, we induced the differentiation of salivary gland cells by co-culturing human adipose-derived stem cells isolated from buccal fat pads (hBFP-ASCs) with human salivary-gland-derived fibroblasts (hSG-fibros)...
July 2016: Human Cell
Kedong Song, Liying Li, Yiwei Wang, Tianqing Liu
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are capable to self-renew with multi-potency which generated much excitement in clinical therapy. However, the main obstacle of HSCs in clinical application was insufficient number of HSCs which were derived from either bone marrow, peripheral blood or umbilical cord blood. This review briefly discusses the indispensable utility of growth factors and cytokines, stromal cells, extracellular matrix, bionic scaffold and microenvironment aiming to control the hematopoiesis in all directions and provide a better and comprehensive understanding for in vitro expansion of hematopoietic stem cells...
April 2016: Human Cell
Hirotake Abe, Haruka Wada, Muhammad Baghdadi, Sayaka Nakanishi, Yuu Usui, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Toshiaki Shichinohe, Satoshi Hirano, Ken-Ichiro Seino
Cancer vaccines serve as a promising clinical immunotherapeutic strategy that help to trigger an effective and specific antitumor immune response compared to conventional therapies. However, poor immunogenicity of tumor cells remains a major obstacle for clinical application, and developing new methods to modify the immunogenicity of tumor cells may help to improve the clinical outcome of cancer vaccines. 4T1 mouse breast cancer cell line has been known as poorly immunogenic and highly metastatic cell line...
April 2016: Human Cell
Osamu Nunobiki, Daisuke Sano, Kyoko Akashi, Taro Higashida, Toshitada Ogasawara, Hikari Akise, Shinji Izuma, Kiyo Torii, Yoshiaki Okamoto, Ichiro Tanaka, Masatsugu Ueda
To investigate the clinical significance of ALDH2 genetic polymorphisms in cervical carcinogenesis. ALDH2 polymorphisms together with human papillomavirus (HPV) types were examined in a total of 195 cervical smear in exfoliated cervical cell samples using Real-Time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) System. The frequency for the AG+AA genotype was seven in the normal group (70.0 %), 16 in the LSIL group (57.1 %), and 27 in the HSIL group (90.0 %). A significant difference was found between the LSIL and HSIL groups (P = 0...
April 2016: Human Cell
Joanna Talarczyk-Desole, Małgorzata Kotwicka, Magdalena Jendraszak, Leszek Pawelczyk, Marek Murawski, Piotr Jędrzejczak
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between apoptotic markers present in human spermatozoa, namely phosphatidylserine translocation (PST) from the inner to the outer layer of the cytomembrane and the active form of caspase-3 (c3) versus the fertilizing potential of male gametes in conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) models. A total of 116 male patients treated with their partners for infertility underwent basic semen analysis and an assessment of the presence of PST and the active c3 in sperm using flow cytometry...
April 2016: Human Cell
Yoshihito Yokoyama, Masayuki Futagami, Jun Watanabe, Atsushi Sakuraba, Kazuma Nagasawa, Hidetoshi Maruyama, Shigemi Sato
We incorporated liquid-based cytology (LBC) in population-based screening for cervical cancer. The usefulness of using LBC in mass screening for cervical cancer was examined. From 2009 to 2014, 157,061 individuals underwent mass screening for cervical cancer in Aomori Prefecture. From 2009 to 2011, cells were collected from 82,218 individuals and the specimens were conventionally prepared (CP). From 2012 to 2014, cells were collected from 74,843 individuals and the specimens were prepared using LBC (TACAS™)...
April 2016: Human Cell
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