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Human Cell

Zezhao Li, Zhen Hong, Zhiqing Peng, Yongcai Zhao, Rusheng Shao
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the major cause of end-stage renal disease in diabetic patients. Zicao, a well-known Chinese traditional medicine, has attracted much attention due to its beneficial effects in various medical fields. In this study, we attempted to investigate the effects and mechanisms of action of acetylshikonin, the main ingredient of Zicao, on renal dysfunction in DN. Our results showed that administration with acetylshikonin not only decreased blood urea nitrogen, urine creatinine and the mean kidney-to-body weight ratio in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice, but also restored the loss of body weight, whereas the blood glucose was not changed...
March 17, 2018: Human Cell
Decai Ji, Lining Jiang, Yingjie Li
Bladder cancer has been identified as one of the most malignant cancers with high incidence and mortality. The underlying mechanisms by which regulate the tumorigenesis of bladder cancer deserve further investigation. Here, we found that miR-192-5p was downregulated in human bladder cancer cell lines and tissues. Overexpression of miR-192-5p significantly inhibited the growth of bladder cancer cells, while depletion of miR-192-5p exerted opposite effect. Bioinformatics analysis and molecular mechanism study identified that miR-192-5p targeted the transcription factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1) and decreased the expression level of YY1...
March 13, 2018: Human Cell
Michele Salemi, Mariaconcetta Giambirtone, Concetta Barone, Maria Grazia Salluzzo, Roberto Russo, Mariangela Lo Giudice, Salvatore Cutuli, Federico Ridolfo, Corrado Romano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2018: Human Cell
Wen-Ling Kuo, Shir-Hwa Ueng, Chun-Hsing Wu, Li-Yu Lee, Yun-Shien Lee, Ming-Chin Yu, Shin-Cheh Chen, Chi-Chang Yu, Chi-Neu Tsai
The research of carcinogenetic mechanisms of breast cancer in different ethnic backgrounds is an interesting field, as clinical features of breast cancers vary among races. High premenopausal incidence is distinctive in East-Asian breast cancer. However, human cell lines derived from Asian primary breast tumor are rare. To provide alternative cell line models with a relevant genetic background, we aimed to establish breast cancer cell lines from Taiwanese patients of Han-Chinese ethnicity. Fresh tissue from mammary tumors were digested into organoids, plated and grown in basal serum-free medium of human mammary epithelial cells (HuMEC) with supplements...
February 26, 2018: Human Cell
Fusako Kito, Rieko Oyama, Yoko Takai, Marimu Sakumoto, Kumiko Shiozawa, Zhiwei Qiao, Takenori Uehara, Akihiko Yoshida, Akira Kawai, Tadashi Kondo
Synovial sarcoma is an aggressive mesenchymal malignancy characterized by unique gene fusions. Tissue culture cells are essential tools for further understanding tumorigenesis and anti-cancer drug development; however, only a limited number of well-characterized synovial sarcoma cell lines exist. Thus, the objective of this study was to establish a patient-derived synovial sarcoma cell line. We established a synovial sarcoma cell line from tumor tissue isolated from a 72-year-old female patient. Prepared cells were analyzed for the presence of gene fusions by fluorescence in situ hybridization, RT-PCR, and karyotyping...
February 15, 2018: Human Cell
Edit Hrubi, László Imre, Agnieszka Robaszkiewicz, László Virág, Farkas Kerényi, Krisztina Nagy, Gábor Varga, Attila Jenei, Csaba Hegedüs
Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), is a potential factor to enhance osseointegration of dental implants. However, the appropriate cellular system to investigate the osteogenic effect of BMP-2 in vitro in a standardized manner still needs to be defined. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of BMP-2 on the cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human osteogenic progenitors of various origins: dental pulp stem cells (DPSC), human osteosarcoma cell line (Saos-2) and human embryonic palatal mesenchymal cell line (HEPM)...
February 13, 2018: Human Cell
Osamu Nunobiki, Daisuke Sano, Sakae Hata, Toshitada Ogasawara, Masatsugu Ueda
To investigate the clinical significance of human wings apart-like (hWAPL) genetic polymorphisms in cervical carcinogenesis. hWAPL polymorphisms and human papillomavirus (HPV) types were examined in 175 cervical smears of exfoliated cervical cell samples using a real-time polymerase chain reaction system. A significant difference was detected in the frequency of the CC genotype between the HPV(+) low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) groups [Odds ratio 0...
January 23, 2018: Human Cell
Fumio Kasai, Malcolm A Ferguson-Smith
Discordance between sexual phenotype and the 46,XY sex chromosome complement may be found in certain disorders of sexual development (DSD). Many of these DSD patients with female external genitalia and secondary sex characteristics have undescended testes and male internal genitalia. Causative mutations involving genes of the sex determining pathway, including the androgen receptor, SRY and the 5-alpha-reductase genes, are well-known, but the origin of other cases remain unresolved. In this report, we introduce our collection of lymphoblastoid lines derived from female patients with a 46,XY karyotype...
January 12, 2018: Human Cell
Jun Miyake, Yuhei Kaneshita, Satoshi Asatani, Seiichi Tagawa, Hirohiko Niioka, Takashi Hirano
Alleles of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A DNAs are classified and expressed graphically by using artificial intelligence "Deep Learning (Stacked autoencoder)". Nucleotide sequence data corresponding to the length of 822 bp, collected from the Immuno Polymorphism Database, were compressed to 2-dimensional representation and were plotted. Profiles of the two-dimensional plots indicate that the alleles can be classified as clusters are formed. The two-dimensional plot of HLA-A DNAs gives a clear outlook for characterizing the various alleles...
January 11, 2018: Human Cell
Mikiko Matsui, Tomoko Kobayashi, Takeo W Tsutsui
CD146 and STRO-1 are endothelial biomarkers that are co-expressed on the cellular membranes of blood vessels within human dental pulp tissue. This study characterized the percentage of dentin-like structures produced by CD146-positive (CD146+) human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), compared with their CD146-negative (CD146-) counterparts. DPSC populations were enriched using magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS), yielding CD146+ and CD146- cells, as well as mixtures composed of 25% CD146+ cells and 75% CD146- cells (CD146+/-)...
January 8, 2018: Human Cell
Hirohiko Niioka, Satoshi Asatani, Aina Yoshimura, Hironori Ohigashi, Seiichi Tagawa, Jun Miyake
In the field of regenerative medicine, tremendous numbers of cells are necessary for tissue/organ regeneration. Today automatic cell-culturing system has been developed. The next step is constructing a non-invasive method to monitor the conditions of cells automatically. As an image analysis method, convolutional neural network (CNN), one of the deep learning method, is approaching human recognition level. We constructed and applied the CNN algorithm for automatic cellular differentiation recognition of myogenic C2C12 cell line...
January 2018: Human Cell
Dongsheng Li, Hongqi Yang, Jianjun Ma, Sha Luo, Siyuan Chen, Qi Gu
Accumulating evidences suggest that neuroinflammation is a pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD), a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). MicroRNAs have been recently recognized as crucial regulators of inflammatory responses. Here, we found significant downregulation of microRNA-30e (miR-30e) in SNpc of MPTP-induced PD mice. Next, we employed miR-30e agomir to upregulate miR-30e expression in MPTP-treated mice. Our results showed that delivery of miR-30e agomir remarkably improved motor behavioral deficits and neuronal activity, and inhibited the loss of dopamine neurons...
December 22, 2017: Human Cell
Kazuo Umezawa, Itaru Kojima, Siro Simizu, Yinzhi Lin, Hitomi Fukatsu, Naoki Koide, Yukiomi Nakade, Masashi Yoneda
Increasing metabolic syndromes including type-2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, and steatohepatitis are serious problems in most countries in the world. Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer, Parkinson's, and Huntington's diseases are increasing in many countries. However, therapy for these diseases is not sufficient yet. Thus, effective chemotherapy for these diseases is being expected. Conophylline is an alkaloid isolated from the leaves of Ervatamia microphylla and related plants. It was found to induce beta-cell differentiation in the precursor pancreatic cells...
December 16, 2017: Human Cell
Xing Ren, Yong Tang, Jiameng Sun, Jianbo Feng, Leilei Chen, Huixi Chen, Sijing Zeng, Changhui Chen, Xinqiu Li, Haixia Zhu, Zhaojun Zeng
Ambient air particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) contains many harmful components that can enter the circulatory system and produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) in body. Oxidative stress and DNA damage induced by ROS may affect any cellular macromolecule and lead to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Flavonoids, widely distributed in some herbs and berries, have been proved having anti-oxidative or anti-cancer efficacy. In this study, we investigated whether Flavone, a kind of flavonoids, can protect human bronchial epithelial cells (HBE) from DSBs caused by PM2...
November 22, 2017: Human Cell
Rui-Xue Yu, Rui-Tao Yu, Zhong Liu
Fucoxanthin is a natural carotenoid that had never been previously demonstrated to have anti-tumor effect on human gastric adenocarcinoma SGC-7901 or BGC-823 cells. Here it was found to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis through JAK/STAT signal pathway in these cells; the mechanism by which this occurred was investigated. We find that fucoxanthin significantly increased the number of apoptotic cells by propidium iodide (PI) dye staining and flow cytometry. Fucoxanthin (50 or 75 μM) induced SGC-7901 cells cycle arrest at S phase, while BGC-823 cells arrest at G2/M phase...
November 6, 2017: Human Cell
Ken Takasawa, Yoshikazu Arai, Mayu Yamazaki-Inoue, Masashi Toyoda, Hidenori Akutsu, Akihiro Umezawa, Koichiro Nishino
During reprogramming into human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), several stem cell marker genes are induced, such as OCT-4, NANOG, SALL4, and TERT. OCT-4, NANOG, and SALL4 gene expression can be regulated by DNA methylation. Their promoters become hypomethylated in iPSCs during reprogramming, leading to their induced expression. However, epigenetic regulation of the TERT gene remains unclear. In this study, we focused on epigenetic regulation of the human TERT gene and identified a differentially methylated region (DMR) at a distal region in the TERT promoter between human iPSCs and their parental somatic cells...
November 4, 2017: Human Cell
Toshihide Higashino, Hirotaka Matsuo, Yukinori Okada, Hiroshi Nakashima, Seiko Shimizu, Masayuki Sakiyama, Shin Tadokoro, Akiyoshi Nakayama, Makoto Kawaguchi, Mako Komatsu, Asahi Hishida, Masahiro Nakatochi, Hiroshi Ooyama, Junko Imaki, Nariyoshi Shinomiya
Gout is a multifactorial disease characterized by acute inflammatory arthritis, and it is caused as a consequence of hyperuricemia. A recent meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies has newly identified the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and rs889472, a single nucleotide polymorphism of musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene (MAF/c-MAF). However, it remained unclear whether rs889472 is associated with gout susceptibility. In the present study, we investigate the association between c-MAF rs889472 and gout in Japanese male population...
October 28, 2017: Human Cell
Jiajun Chen, Xin Zhou, Qianren Xiao, Tengyu Wang, Gaohai Shao, Yunyun Li, Zhongzu Zhang
MicroRNAs serve a crucial role in the regulation of malignant biological behavior of Ewing's sarcoma (ES). Abnormal expression of miR-107 has been reported in a cohort of cancers, while its exact function in ES remains unclear. Hence, we explored the expression of miR-107 in ES cells and detected its effects on the malignant phenotype of ES cells. Firstly, we perceived the under-expression of miR-107 in human ES cells contrast with the human mesenchymal stem cells. Over-expression of miR-107 restrained cell proliferation and tube formation, arrested cell cycle progression, and facilitated cell apoptosis in SK-ES-1 and RD-ES cell lines...
October 26, 2017: Human Cell
Katsura Sano, Mari Gotoh, Kyoko Dodo, Noriaki Tajima, Yoshibumi Shimizu, Kimiko Murakami-Murofushi
Hyaluronic acid is a major component of the extracellular matrix, which is important for skin hydration. As aging brings skin dehydration, we aimed to clarify the mRNA expression of hyaluronic acid-related proteins in human skin fibroblasts from donors of various ages (range 0.7-69 years). Previously, we reported that cyclic phosphatidic acid (cPA), a unique phospholipid mediator, stimulated the expression of HAS2 and increased hyaluronic acid synthesis in human skin fibroblasts (donor age: 3 days). In this study, we measured the mRNA expression of hyaluronic acid-related proteins: hyaluronan synthase (HAS) 1-3, hyaluronidase-1, -2, and hyaluronic acid-binding protein (versican)...
October 23, 2017: Human Cell
Guo-Zheng Li, Hong-Lei Tao, Cheng Zhou, Dong-Dong Wang, Cong-Bin Peng
Midazolam is a sedative used by patients with mechanical ventilation. However, the potential clinical value is not fully explored. In this report, we made use of a neuroblastoma-spinal cord hybrid motor neuron-like cell line NSC34, and elucidated the potential role of Midazolam on these cells under the insult of oxidative stress. We found the protective effect of Midazolam on motor neurons against cytotoxicity induced by the combination of oligomycin A and rotenone (O/R) or phenylarsine oxide. The characteristics of apoptosis, such as the ratio of TUNEL+ cells or the expression level of cleaved Caspase-3, was decreased by 22 or 45% in the presence of Midazolam...
October 11, 2017: Human Cell
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