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Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016357/corrigendum-to-ginkgetin-inhibits-proliferation-of-human-leukemia-cells-via-the-tnf-%C3%AE-signaling-pathway
#1
Ling-Ling Pan, Wen-Jun Wu, Gao-Feng Zheng, Xiao-Yan Han, Jing-Song He, Zhen Cai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937968/diverse-bioactive-compounds-from-sarcophtyton-glaucom-structure-elucidation-and-cytotoxic-activity-studies
#2
Mohamed Shaaban, Ali M El-Hagrassi, Mohamed A Abdelghani, Abeer F Osman
Chemical investigation of the Red Sea soft coral Sarcophyton glaucom collected at the coasts of Hurghada, Egypt, led to the isolation of one new naturally occurring 4-oxo-1,1'-pentanoic acid anhydride (1), along with four diterpenes; sarcophinone (2a), 8-epi-sarcophinone (2b), (+)-7α,8β-dihydroxydeepoxysarcophine (3), sinumaximol G (4), (+)-sarcophine (5), sesquiterpene; prostantherol (6), sterol; 3β,24S-ergost-5-en-ol (7) and hexadecanoic acid. The structures of the obtained compounds were established using diverse spectroscopic techniques including 1D and 2D NMR and HRMS...
September 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937967/acetogenins-and-alkaloids-during-the-initial-development-of-annona-muricata-l-annonaceae
#3
Christian Anabí Riley-Saldaña, María Del Rocío Cruz-Ortega, Mariano Martínez Vázquez, Iván De-la-Cruz-Chacón, Marisol Castro-Moreno, Alma Rosa González-Esquinca
In plants, the presence and distribution of specialized metabolites during the early stages of development are not documented enough, even though their biosynthesis is one of the most important strategies for survival. In this study, five alkaloids and four acetogenins were detected in Annona muricata L. during early development seedling, including three phases of root emergence and three of seedling formation. Hexane and alkaloid extracts were obtained from each organ, which were analyzed in a gas-mass chromatograph and in a high-performance liquid chromatograph coupled with a photodiode array UV detector (HPLC-DAD)...
September 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937966/malusides-novel-glucosylceramides-isolated-from-apple-pomace-malus-domestica
#4
Mathias Reisberg, Norbert Arnold, Andrea Porzel, Reinhard H H Neubert, Birgit Dräger
Three new glucosylceramides (GluCers) named malusides I-III (1-3) were isolated from apple (cultivars of Malus domestica) pomace (fruit material remaining after juice extraction). An unusual oxo/hydroxy group pattern within the sphingadienine (d18:2) type sphingoid base was observed. All compounds contained the same α-hydroxylated fatty acid (h16:0) and a β-D-glucose moiety. Their structures were assigned on the basis of one- and two-dimensional (1D and 2D) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic analyses and mass spectrometry (MS) measurements...
September 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917086/kostchyienones-a-and-b-new-antiplasmodial-and-cytotoxicity-of-limonoids-from-the-roots-of-pseudocedrela-kotschyi-schweinf-harms
#5
Lazare S Sidjui, Yves O D Nganso, Rufin M K Toghueo, Brussine N K Wakeu, Joel T Dameue, Pierre Mkounga, Achyut Adhikari, Mehreen Lateef, Gabriel N Folefoc, Muhammad S Ali
Two new limonoids, kostchyienones A (1) and B (2), along with 12 known compounds 3-14 were isolated from the roots of Pseudocedrela kostchyi. Compound (7) was isolated for the first time from a natural source. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. Compounds 1-6 and 13-14 gave IC50 values ranging from 0.75 to 5.62 μg/mL for antiplasmodial activity against chloroquine-sensitive (Pf3D7) and chloroquine-resistant (PfINDO) strains of Plasmodium falciparum. Compound 5 showed moderate potential cytotoxicity against the HEK239T cell line with an IC50 value of 22...
September 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902635/gc-ms-characterization-of-n-hexane-soluble-fraction-from-dandelion-taraxacum-officinale-weber-ex-f-h-wigg-aerial-parts-and-its-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-properties
#6
Ivan Ivanov, Nadezhda Petkova, Julian Tumbarski, Ivayla Dincheva, Ilian Badjakov, Panteley Denev, Atanas Pavlov
A comparative investigation of n-hexane soluble compounds from aerial parts of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F.H. Wigg.) collected during different vegetative stages was carried out. The GC-MS analysis of the n-hexane (unpolar) fraction showed the presence of 30 biologically active compounds. Phytol [14.7% of total ion current (TIC)], lupeol (14.5% of TIC), taraxasteryl acetate (11.4% of TIC), β-sitosterol (10.3% of TIC), α-amyrin (9.0% of TIC), β-amyrin (8.3% of TIC), and cycloartenol acetate (5...
September 13, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902634/antiproliferative-activity-of-synthesized-some-new-benzimidazole-carboxamidines-against-mcf-7-breast-carcinoma-cells
#7
Cigdem Karaaslan, Filiz Bakar, Hakan Goker
Breast cancer is the most endemic cause of cancer among women in both developed and developing countries. Benzimidazole derivatives exemplify one of the chemical classes that show strong cytotoxic activity especially against breast cancer cells (MCF-7). Aromatic amidine derivatives are known as a group of DNA interactive compounds that bind minor groove of the genome, especially A-T base pairs, and show significant in vitro and in vivo toxicity toward cancer cells. In light of these studies, some new mono/dicationic amidino benzimidazole derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxic activity on cultured MCF-7 breast cancer cells...
September 13, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902633/ginkgetin-inhibits-proliferation-of-human-leukemia-cells-via-the-tnf-%C3%AE-signaling-pathway
#8
Ling-Ling Pan, Wen-Jun Wu, Gao-Feng Zheng, Xiao-Yan Han, Jing-Song He, Zhen Cai
Ginkgetin is known to be an anticancer agent in many studies. However, its effectiveness in treating chronic lymphoblastic leukemia (CLL) remains unknown. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of ginkgetin on the growth of the K562 cell line. The MTT assay was employed to examine the proliferation of K562, and a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining was conducted to detect the apoptotic rates. Furthermore, changes of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by Western blot analysis...
September 13, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822987/effects-of-a-water-extract-of-lepidium-meyenii-root-in-different-models-of-persistent-pain-in-rats
#9
Barbara Tenci, Lorenzo Di Cesare Mannelli, Mario Maresca, Laura Micheli, Giuseppe Pieraccini, Nadia Mulinacci, Carla Ghelardini
Lepidium meyenii (Walp.), commonly called maca, is an Andean crop belonging to the Brassicaceae family. Maca hypocotils are habitually consumed as customary food as well as traditional remedies for pathological conditions such as infertility. Moreover, the characterization of maca extracts revealed the presence of compounds that are able to modulate the nervous system. Aimed to evaluate the efficacy of L. meyenii in persistent pain, the present study analyzed the effects of a commercial root extract from maca in different animal models reproducing the most common causes of chronic painful pathologies...
August 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792915/fast-rbc-loading-by-fluorescent-antibodies-and-nuclei-staining-dye-and-their-potential-bioanalytical-applications
#10
Mohamed K Al-Essa, Susanne Melzer, Attila Tarnok, Kamal A Hadidi, Mohammed El-Khateeb
This study was designed to load different antibodies (Abs) and a fluorescent dye onto the red blood cell (RBC) surface. We have used fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-conjugate anti-human Ab, CD22-PE (B-cell marker-phycoerythrin Ab), and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) for insertion over the RBC surface. In a first step, conjugation experiments were performed: in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), RBCs were conserved and modified by succinic anhydride to create an additional -COOH group, and then activated with 3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide-N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC-NHS) in 2-(N-morpholino) ethanesulfonic acid hydrate buffer for insertion of labeled Abs or DAPI...
August 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787276/chemical-profiling-of-di-wu-yang-gan-granules-by-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-with-mse-technology
#11
Dong Tian, Chao Zhou, Hong-Mei Jia, Meng Yu, Xing Chang, Hong-Wu Zhang, Yuan-Ming Ba, Zhong-Mei Zou
Di-Wu-Yang-Gan Granules is a Traditional Chinese Medicine prescription used for the treatment of HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B patients in China. It consists of five commonly used Chinese herbs. However, the chemical constituents of the whole prescription had not been clarified yet. Hence, in this study, the chemical profiling of Di-Wu-Yang-Gan Granules was explored by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry, which can provide accurate molecular weight within 5-ppm error and sufficient MS/MS fragment ions without the need for precursor ion selection...
August 8, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771441/three-new-coumarin-types-from-aerial-parts-of-ammi-majus-l-and-their-cytotoxic-activity
#12
Eman El-Sharkawy, Yasser Selim
Three new coumarin types were isolated from the aerial parts of the wild medicinal plant Ammi majus, which was collected from western Asia (Saudi Arabia), including pyrano coumarin, namely, 5-isobutylcoumarin-6-C-glucoside (1); furanocoumarin, namely, 6,7,9-Trimethoxy-3-(8'-methoxy-2'-oxo-2H-chromen-3-yl)-2H-furo[3,2-g]chromen-2(3H)-one (2); and pyrone coumarin, namely, 6-hydroxy-3-(2-hydroxypropyl)-7-methoxy-4 methyl coumarin (3). The structures were determined by spectroscopic methods, mainly 1D- and 2D-NMR...
August 3, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753552/overexpression-of-c-myc-enhances-recombinant-protein-production-in-high-five-cells-after-baculovirus-infection
#13
Xiaoli Ju, Meijia Ren, Keping Chen, Qiang Wang
Due to their numerous advantages, baculovirus expression vector systems (BEVS) have been widely used to express recombinant proteins for different purposes. Different strategies have been adopted to increase recombinant protein production. In this study, we transiently or stably expressed mouse c-Myc in High Five cells using a commercial pIB/V5 vector. Under the control of the OpIE2 promoter, this vector could enhance recombinant protein production. We found that transient expression of c-Myc in High Five cells improved recombinant protein production...
July 28, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753551/design-synthesis-and-antibacterial-activity-of-novel-8-methoxyquinoline-2-carboxamide-compounds-containing-1-3-4-thiadiazole-moiety
#14
Tengfei Qu, Lailiang Qu, Xiaoguang Wang, Ting Xu, Xiao Xiao, Min Ding, Li Deng, Yong Guo
A series of novel 8-methoxyquinoline-2-carboxamide compounds containing 1,3,4-thiadiazole moiety was designed and synthesized by using an active substructure combination method. Then, the antibacterial activities of all the target compounds were evaluated in vitro against three Gram-positive bacteria and three Gram-negative bacteria. The antibacterial assay showed that some target compounds displayed moderate to good antibacterial efficacy in comparison with the reference drug Chloromycin. Some interesting results of structure-activity relationships were also discussed...
July 28, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866653/strategies-for-the-construction-of-insect-p450-fusion-enzymes
#15
Lea Talmann, Jochen Wiesner, Andreas Vilcinskas
Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) are ubiquitous enzymes with a broad substrate spectrum. Insect P450s are known to catalyze reactions such as the detoxification of insecticides and the synthesis of hydrocarbons, which makes them useful for many industrial processes. Unfortunately, it is difficult to utilize P450s effectively because they must be paired with cytochrome P450 reductases (CPRs) to facilitate electron transfer from reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH). Furthermore, eukaryotic P450s and CPRs are membrane-anchored proteins, which means they are insoluble and therefore difficult to purify when expressed in their native state...
September 26, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822988/the-components-of-shear-stress-affecting-insect-cells-used-with-the-baculovirus-expression-vector-system
#16
Tobias Weidner, Damir Druzinec, Martina Mühlmann, Rainer Buchholz, Peter Czermak
Insect-based expression platforms such as the baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) are widely used for the laboratory- and industrial-scale production of recombinant proteins. Thereby, major drawbacks to gain high-quality proteins are the lytic infection cycle and the shear sensitivity of infected insect cells due to turbulence and aeration. Smaller bubbles were formerly assumed to be more harmful than larger ones, but we found that cell damage is also dependent on the concentration of protective agents such as Pluronic®...
September 26, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822230/insect-biotechnology-a-major-challenge-in-the-21st-century
#17
EDITORIAL
Klaus H Hoffmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746045/applicability-of-biotechnologically-produced-insect-silks
#18
Heike M Herold, Thomas Scheibel
Silks are structural proteins produced by arthropods. Besides the well-known cocoon silk, which is produced by larvae of the silk moth Bombyx mori to undergo metamorphosis inside their silken shelter (and which is also used for textile production by men since millennia), numerous further less known silk-producing animals exist. The ability to produce silk evolved multiple independent times during evolution, and the fact that silk was subject to convergent evolution gave rise to an abundant natural diversity of silk proteins...
September 26, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742527/biotechnological-potential-of-insect-fatty-acid-modifying-enzymes
#19
Michal Tupec, Aleš Buček, Irena Valterová, Iva Pichová
There are more than one million described insect species. This species richness is reflected in the diversity of insect metabolic processes. In particular, biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, such as defensive compounds and chemical signals, encompasses an extraordinarily wide range of chemicals that are generally unparalleled among natural products from other organisms. Insect genomes, transcriptomes and proteomes thus offer a valuable resource for discovery of novel enzymes with potential for biotechnological applications...
September 26, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742526/the-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-a-promising-source-for-sustainable-production-of-proteins-lipids-and-bioactive-substances
#20
Ariane Müller, Diana Wolf, Herwig O Gutzeit
The growing demand worldwide for proteins and lipids cannot be met by the intensive use of agricultural land currently available. Insect mass cultures as a source for proteins and lipids have been in focus for various reasons. An insect with many positive properties is the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, whose larvae could be used for the sustainable production of proteins and lipids. Furthermore, the larvae produce bioactive substances which could potentially be used for human and animal welfare.
September 26, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
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