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Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences

Seung-Whan Kim, Hyun-Woo Suh, Bo-Kyung Yoo, Kisang Kwon, Kweon Yu, Ji-Young Choi, O-Yu Kwon
In this study, we show that INS-1 pancreatic β-cells treated for 2 h with hemolymph of larvae of rhinoceros beetle, Allomyrina dichotoma, secreted about twice as much insulin compared to control cells without such treatment. Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) was the highest upregulated gene in DNA chip analysis. The A. dichotoma hemolymph dose-dependently induced increased expression levels of genes encoding ATF3 and insulin. Conversely, treatment with ATF3 siRNA inhibited expression levels of both genes and curbed insulin secretion...
May 22, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Şener Tulumoğlu, Belgin Erdem, Ömer Şimşek
This study aims to determine the effects of inulin and fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) on the probiotic properties of five Lactobacillus spp. isolated from human milk. Lactobacillus spp. were isolated and identified, and the growth characteristics, acid and bile salt tolerance, antagonistic effects, and cholesterol assimilation of Lactobacillus strains were investigated in the presence of inulin and FOS. Lactobacillus casei L1 was able to utilize inulin and FOS as carbon source as well as glucose even other strains were able to use, including Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG...
May 22, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Daniel E Kennedy Ii, Thomas P West
The ability of the fungus Aureobasidium pullulans ATCC 42023 to produce pullulan from yeast extract-supplemented xylan hydrolysates of the prairie grass prairie cordgrass was examined relative to polysaccharide and cell biomass production, yield, and pullulan content of the polysaccharide. A pullulan concentration of 11.2 g L-1 and yield of 0.79 g g-1 was produced by ATCC 42023 when grown for 168 h at 30°C on the phosphate-buffered hydrolysate supplemented with yeast extract. The highest biomass level being 8...
May 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Rose Vanessa Bandeira Reidel, Simona Nardoni, Francesca Mancianti, Claudia Anedda, Abd El-Nasser G El Gendy, Elsayed A Omer, Luisa Pistelli
The objective of the present paper was the assessment of the chemical composition of the essential oils from four Asteraceae species with a considerable food, medicinal, and agricultural value, collected in Egypt, together with their in vitro inhibitory activity against molds and yeasts. The essential oil of Launaea cornuta flowers was also evaluated for the first time, but because of its very low yield (<0.01%), no antifungal test was performed.
May 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Kalapad Santosh Prabhu, Anath Bandhu Das, Nilamani Dikshit
Finger millet (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn., 2n=36) is one of the most important minor crops, commonly known as 'ragi' and used as a staple food grain in more than 25 countries including Africa and south Asia. Twenty-seven accessions of ragi were collected from different parts of India and were evaluated for morpho-genetic diversity studies. Simple sequence repeat (SSR) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used for assessment of genetic diversity among 27 genotypes of E. coracana. High degree of similarity (90%) was obtained between 'IC49979A' and 'IC49974B' genotypes, whereas low level of similarity (9...
April 14, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Waheda Rahman Ansary, Ferdous Rezwan Khan Prince, Effi Haque, Farzana Sultana, Helen M West, Mahbubur Rahman, Abdul Mojid Mondol, Abdul Mannan Akanda, Mahfuz Rahman, Michele L Clarke, Tofazzal Islam
Plant growth-promoting bacteria that are also capable of suppressing plant pathogenic fungi play an important role in sustainable agriculture. There is a critical need for conducting research to discover, characterize and evaluate the efficacy of new strains of such bacteria in controlling highly aggressive plant pathogens. In this study, we isolated endophytic bacteria from medicinal plants of Bangladesh and evaluated their antagonistic capacity against an important phytopathogenic fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum...
April 11, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Yulia Bazarnova, Natalia Politaeva, Nadegda Lyskova
This work presents investigations of biologically active metabolites of Usnea barbata lichen. Extraction conditions for usnic acid and other biologically active phytocomponents using various solvent systems were chosen. Modern analytical techniques were used to study composition of the obtained extracts; usnic acid and phenolic compound contents were estimated. Antioxidant activity and antimicrobial properties of lichen dry extract against bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas fluorescens were studied.
March 29, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Christèle Sorèle Mambou, Raymond Ngansop Nono, Jean Rodolphe Chouna, Jean-de-Dieu Tamokou, Pépin Nkeng-Efouet-Alango, Norbert Sewald
The antibacterial-guided investigation of the stem bark extract of Pseudocedrela kotschyi led to the isolation of a new secotirucallane triterpene derivative: 4-hydroxy-3,4-secotirucalla-7,24-dien-3,21-dioic acid (1), together with the known one: 3,4-secotirucalla-4(28),7,24-trien-3,21-dioic acid (2) and 3-methyl ester 3,4-secotirucalla-4(28),7,24-trien-3,21-dioic (3). The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated on the basis of extensive 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopy. Extracts, fractions and compounds (1-3) were tested in vitro for antibacterial activity against two Gram positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923), and two Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli S2(1) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa)...
March 28, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Bugrahan Emsen, Basak Togar, Hasan Turkez, Ali Aslan
The present study aims at assessing the efficacies of olivetoric acid (OA) and physodic acid (PA) isolated from Pseudevernia furfuracea (L.) Zopf (Parmeliaceae) in human lymphocytes (HLs) in vitro. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and lactate dehydrogenase assays were performed to establish cytotoxicity in HLs. Besides, oxidative stress and genotoxicity were monitored by estimating the changes of total oxidative stress (TOS) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG) levels, respectively, in HLs...
March 24, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Yoana Kizheva, Zoltan Urshev, Iliana Rasheva, Taca Vancheva, Petya Hristova, Nevena Bogatzevska, Penka Moncheva
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) is a highly discriminative molecular typing method that is used for epidemiological studies and investigation of outbreaks caused by different pathogens, including phytopathogenic Xanthomonas species. Bacterial spot (BS) is the most common and one of the most destructive diseases of tomato and pepper plants in Bulgaria. Several Xanthomonas species are known to cause BS, but the global distribution and genetic diversity of these species are not well understood. A collection of 100 BS-causing strains, isolated during the period of 1985-2012 from different tomato cultivars and weeds associated with tomato production areas from 11 geographic regions in Bulgaria, were screened for genetic diversity by genomic DNA restriction with rare-cutting endonucleases (XbaI and SpeI) subsequently resolved by PFGE...
March 24, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Nursenem Karaca, Betül Demirci, Fatih Demirci
Lavandula stoechas subsp. stoechas and Mentha spicata subsp. spicata are used for the treatment of sinusitis in Turkish folk medicine. The components of essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation were determined by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID), gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), and thin layer chromatography (TLC). Major components of L. stoechas and M. spicata oils were determined as camphor (46.7%) and carvone (60.6%), respectively. The antibacterial activity of essential oils and their main components were tested against the common selected sinusitis pathogens Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa using in vitro agar diffusion, microdilution, and vapor diffusion methods...
February 27, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Dongmei Li, Zhimin Yang, Xinchun Liu, Zhen Song, Zongyun Feng, Yang He
As an important plateau cereal crop, hulless barley is the principal food for the Tibetan people in China. ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) is considered as the key enzyme for starch biosynthesis in plants. In this study, cDNAs encoding the small subunit (SSU I) and large subunit (LSU I) of AGPase were isolated from hulless barley. The results showed that SSU I and LSU I were 1438 and 1786 bp in length with a complete open reading frame (ORF) of 1419 and 1572 bp. The ORF-encoded polypeptides of 472 and 523 amino acids were having calculated molecular masses of 52...
April 25, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Amadou Dawé, Marius Mbiantcha, Fawai Yakai, Almas Jabeen, Muhammad Shaiq Ali, Mehreen Lateef, Bonaventure Tchaleu Ngadjui
Despite the well-documented benefits of Combretum fragrans in Cameroon, only few scientific works have been done on it. In this study we isolated eight compounds from the leaves extract of C. fragrans: velutin (1), belamcanidin (2), cirsilineol (3), cirsimaritin (4), 3β-acetoxy-20,24-epoxy-11,25-hydroxy-dammarane (5), combretin A (6), combretin B (7) and a mixture of arjunolic acid (8a) and asiatic acid (8b). Compounds 6 and 7 presented potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antidiabetic activities. Compounds 1, 3, 5 and the mixture of 8a and 8b were significantly active, and compounds 2 and 4 presented moderate activity for reactive oxygen species inhibitory and free-radical scavenging...
April 25, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Cheng Libao, Jiang Runzhi, Yang Jianjun, Xu Xiaoyong, Zeng Haitao, Li Shuyan
Adventitious roots (ARs) of lotus (Nelumbonucifera Gaertn.) play a critical role in water and nutrient uptake. We found that exogenously applied 10-μM indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) promoted the formation of ARs, while 150-μM IAA significantly inhibited the emergence of ARs. However, little is known about these different responses to various concentrations of IAA at the molecular level. This study, therefore, examined the gene expression profiling in four libraries treated with 10- and 150-μM IAA based on the high-throughout tag sequencing technique...
April 25, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Amena Khatun, Tarin Farhana, Abdullah As Sabir, Shah Mohammad Naimul Islam, Helen M West, Mahfuzur Rahman, Tofazzal Islam
The objective of this study was to isolate and characterize antagonistic rhizobacteria from chili against a notorious phytopathogen Phytophthora capsici. Among the 48 bacteria isolated, BTLbbc-02, BTLbbc-03, and BTLbbc-05 were selected based on their inhibitory activity against P. capsici. They were tentatively identified as Burkholderia metallica BTLbbc-02, Burkholderia cepacia BTLbbc-03, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa BTLbbc-05, respectively, based on their 16S rRNA gene sequencing. All inhibited the growth of P...
February 23, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Babita Paudel, Keshab Bhattarai, Hari Datta Bhattarai
Two compounds, compounds 1 and 2, were isolated from Preussia sp. The molecular structures of both compounds were elucidated by analyzing one-dimensional (1D) and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance data along with high-resolution mass spectrometry data. Compound 1 was obtained as novel in structure, and compound 2 was recently reported elsewhere. Compound 1 did not show antioxidant and antimicrobial activities and brine shrimp toxicity, while compound 2 showed strong antioxidant activity (DPPH reduction capacity; IC50=3 μg/mL) and brine shrimp toxicity (LD50=50 μg/mL)...
February 23, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Lazare S Sidjui, Yves O D Nganso, Rufin M K Toghueo, Brussine N K Wakeu, Joel T Dameue, Pierre Mkounga, Achyut Adhikari, Mehreen Lateef, Gabriel N Folefoc, Muhammad S Ali
Two new limonoids, kostchyienones A (1) and B (2), along with 12 known compounds 3-14 were isolated from the roots of Pseudocedrela kostchyi. Compound (7) was isolated for the first time from a natural source. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. Compounds 1-6 and 13-14 gave IC50 values ranging from 0.75 to 5.62 μg/mL for antiplasmodial activity against chloroquine-sensitive (Pf3D7) and chloroquine-resistant (PfINDO) strains of Plasmodium falciparum. Compound 5 showed moderate potential cytotoxicity against the HEK239T cell line with an IC50 value of 22...
February 23, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Cigdem Karaaslan, Filiz Bakar, Hakan Goker
Breast cancer is the most endemic cause of cancer among women in both developed and developing countries. Benzimidazole derivatives exemplify one of the chemical classes that show strong cytotoxic activity especially against breast cancer cells (MCF-7). Aromatic amidine derivatives are known as a group of DNA interactive compounds that bind minor groove of the genome, especially A-T base pairs, and show significant in vitro and in vivo toxicity toward cancer cells. In light of these studies, some new mono/dicationic amidino benzimidazole derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxic activity on cultured MCF-7 breast cancer cells...
February 23, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Mohamed K Al-Essa, Susanne Melzer, Attila Tarnok, Kamal A Hadidi, Mohammed El-Khateeb
This study was designed to load different antibodies (Abs) and a fluorescent dye onto the red blood cell (RBC) surface. We have used fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-conjugate anti-human Ab, CD22-PE (B-cell marker-phycoerythrin Ab), and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) for insertion over the RBC surface. In a first step, conjugation experiments were performed: in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), RBCs were conserved and modified by succinic anhydride to create an additional -COOH group, and then activated with 3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide-N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC-NHS) in 2-(N-morpholino) ethanesulfonic acid hydrate buffer for insertion of labeled Abs or DAPI...
February 23, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Dong Tian, Chao Zhou, Hong-Mei Jia, Meng Yu, Xing Chang, Hong-Wu Zhang, Yuan-Ming Ba, Zhong-Mei Zou
Di-Wu-Yang-Gan Granules is a Traditional Chinese Medicine prescription used for the treatment of HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B patients in China. It consists of five commonly used Chinese herbs. However, the chemical constituents of the whole prescription had not been clarified yet. Hence, in this study, the chemical profiling of Di-Wu-Yang-Gan Granules was explored by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry, which can provide accurate molecular weight within 5-ppm error and sufficient MS/MS fragment ions without the need for precursor ion selection...
February 23, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
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