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Ostomy/wound Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847311/management-of-a-complex-lower-limb-open-fracture-in-a-teenage-patient-a-case-report
#1
Davor Mijatović, Sanda Smuđ Orehovec, Tomislav Đapić, Vilena Vrbanović Mijatović, Marko Mance
The challenges of managing Gustilo IIIB tibial fractures (ie, high energy trauma with a contaminated wound >10 cm in length, severe comminution ["crumbling"] or segmental fractures, and periosteal stripping) in children are unique in part because no clear guidelines exist and the injuries may cause short-term and long-term complications. Repeated wound debridement and secondary reconstruction are required in approximately 20% of these cases in both adults and children. A 13-year-old girl presented with severe polytrauma including an open Gustilo type IIIB fracture of the left lower leg...
May 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847310/translation-and-validation-of-a-wound-specific-quality-of-life-instrument-the-wound-qol-in-a-swedish-population
#2
Ann-Mari Fagerdahl, Gunnar Bergström
Hard-to-heal wounds can compromise patient quality of life (QoL); thus, assessing QoL is an important aspect of wound management. The aim of this study, conducted from August 2015 to July 2016, was to translate a wound-specific instrument, the Wound-QoL, into the Swedish language and context and validate its ability to assess QoL in a population of patients with wounds of various etiologies. The Wound-QoL, derived from 3 existing wound care QoL instruments, is a paper-and-pencil tool comprised of 17 Likert-style questions addressing 3 categories (Body, Psyche, and Everyday Life) to provide a global score...
May 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847309/a-meta-analysis-to-compare-four-layer-to-short-stretch-compression-bandaging-for-venous-leg-ulcer-healing
#3
Magali Rezende De Carvalho, Bruno Utzeri Peixoto, Isabelle Andrade Silveira, Beatriz G R Baptista de Oliveria
Compression therapy is the standard of care for venous leg ulcers (VLUs), and some evidence suggests 4-layer compression is more effective than short-stretch bandages. A meta-analysis was conducted to compare the effectiveness of these 2 compression bandages for venous ulcer healing. In March 2016, a systematic review of the literature was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials. Databases used included Pubmed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and the Latin American and Caribbean of Health Sciences Information System...
May 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847308/a-cross-sectional-study-of-nutritional-status-diet-and-dietary-restrictions-among-persons-with-an-ileostomy-or-colostomy
#4
Ana Lívia de Oliveira, Ana Paula Boroni Moreira, Michele Pereira Netto, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Leite
Little is known about the nutritional status and dietary habits of persons with an intestinal stoma, and no specific dietary guidelines have been established. A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients of a Stoma Patient Health Care Service in Juiz de Fora, Brazil, to compare the nutritional status of persons with an ileostomy or colostomy and to evaluate which foods are avoided most frequently and why. Anthropometric measurements (weight, height, arm circumference, and triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness) and body fat were assessed...
May 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718817/a-rare-case-of-cutaneous-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-presenting-as-a-chronic-infectious-skin-ulcer
#5
Huapei Song, Yail Gong, Xiaochu Yan, Jiaping Zhang
Cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) usually manifests as papules, nodules, or plaques. A rare case of a patient with a chronic skin ulcer and signs and symptoms of infection, including fever and large amounts of yellow wound exudate, is presented. Fifteen (15) months before diagnosis, a 43-year-old otherwise healthy man noted soreness without apparent cause in his upper chest and a palpable 2 cm x 2 cm focal lump. The patient developed frequent fevers, and the lump enlarged over time, producing purulent exudate...
April 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718816/a-post-marketing-surveillance-study-of-chronic-wounds-treated-with-a-native-collagen-calcium-alginate-dressing
#6
Matthew Sabo, Lam Le, Raphael A Yaakov, Marissa Carter, Thomas E Serena
Chronic wounds (ie, wounds that fail to progress through a normal, orderly, timely sequence of repair) continue to pose significant clinical and economic burdens. A prospective, descriptive, 3-week post-marketing surveillance study was conducted across 3 wound care centers in the United States to evaluate the effectiveness of a collagen calcium alginate dressing on chronic wounds in conjunction with standard care (SC) practices (eg, offloading, debridement, compression) to support healing. Eligible participants had to be >18 years of age, have at least 1 chronic wound, and no known sensitivity to collagen...
April 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718815/prevalence-of-skin-tears-in-elderly-patients-a-retrospective-chart-review-of-incidence-reports-in-6-long-term-care-facilities
#7
Joyce Hawk, Mary Shannon
The incidence and prevalence of skin tears in long-term care (LTC) facilities has not been well established. To ascertain the point prevalence of reported skin tears, a retrospective review of incident reports was performed in 6 LTC facilities in western Pennsylvania from November 1, 2016 through December 31, 2016. Report data, including resident age; gender; mobility limitations; skin tear location, number, and cause (if known); occurrence time (7 am to 3 pm, 3 pm to 11 pm, or 11 pm to 7 am nursing shift); and history of previous skin tears, were abstracted...
April 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718814/a-retrospective-cohort-study-to-determine-predictive-factors-for-abdominal-wound-disruption-following-colorectal-surgery
#8
Mahir Gachabayov, Karen You, Ryan Sullivan, Roberto Bergamaschi
Abdominal wound disruption (AWD) is a postoperative complication that increases length of hospital stay, mortality, and cost. A retrospective cohort study was conducted to identify predictors of AWD, defined in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program User Guide as a spontaneous reopening of a previously surgically closed (midline) wound that occurs within 30 days after index elective surgery in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2006-2012) were searched, supplemented by institutional review board-approved chart review...
April 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584611/a-descriptive-retrospective-study-of-using-an-oblique-downward-design-gluteus-maximus-myocutaneous-flap-for-reconstruction-of-ischial-pressure-ulcers
#9
Chang-Yi Chou, Yu-Shan Sun, Yu-Jen Shih, Yuan-Sheng Tzeng, Shun-Cheng Chang, Niann-Tzyy Dai, Chin-Ta Lin
Despite advances in reconstruction techniques, ischial pressure ulcers continue to present a challenge for the plastic surgeon. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate outcomes of using an oblique downward gluteus maximus myocutaneous (GMM) flap for coverage of grade IV ischial ulcers. Data regarding defect size, flap size, operation time, duration of wound healing, and surgical outcome were abstracted from the medical records of patients whose ischial pressure ulcers had been reconstructed using GMM island flaps between January 2010 and December 2015...
March 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584610/a-quasi-experimental-study-to-explore-the-effect-of-barrier-cream-on-the-peristomal-skin-of-patients-with-a-tracheostomy
#10
Turkan Karaca, Fatoș Korkmaz
Peristomal skin problems represent one of the most common complications of a tracheostomy. A quasi-experimental study was conducted among patients ages 18 to 65 years hospitalized in a Turkish university hospital ear-nose-throat clinic between August 15, 2013, and December 15, 2013, to compare the effect of using or not using a barrier cream on the peristomal skin with regard to pH, moisture, temperature, color, odor, turgor, infections, and lesions after tracheostomy surgery. Patients were selected using a purposeful sampling method and included if they had not undergone another operation for a complication (eg, pneumothorax, tube misplacement, hemorrhage) within 24 hours following the tracheostomy operation...
March 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584609/a-scoping-review-of-the-use-of-silver-impregnated-dressings-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-wounds
#11
Jimena Rodriguez-Arguello, Karin Lienhard, Pooja Patel, Rose Geransar, Ranjani Somayaji, Laurie Parsons, John Conly, Chester Ho
Topical silver agents and dressings are used to control infection and promote healing in chronic wounds, but reviews published from 2006 to 2011 found heterogeneous results regarding their effectiveness. A scoping review was conducted to examine the extent, range, and nature of research activity surrounding chronic wound care that employed silver-impregnated dressings; identify research gaps in the existing literature; and summarize the evidence to provide recommendations for future clinical studies. Ten (10) electronic databases and additional sources were screened from their inception to May 2016; search terms for the different databases included but were not limited to silver, chronic, complications, wound, ulcer, and sore...
March 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481327/reconstruction-of-a-sacral-pressure-ulcer-with-an-inferior-gluteal-artery-perforator-flap-after-failed-reconstruction-using-bilateral-v-y-advancement-flaps
#12
Chi-Yu Wang, Chien-Ju Wu, Tzi-Shiang Chu, Chun-Yu Chen, Chang-Yi Chou, Hao-Yu Chiao, Chun-Kai Chang, Niann-Tzyy Dai
Many types of flaps are available if surgical reconstruction of a pressure ulcer is indicated, including a gluteus maximus flap, V-Y advancement flap, and superior gluteal artery perforator flap. Regional flap failure can complicate treatment, requiring additional flap surgery. An 80-year old woman with a 2-year history of being unconscious following a cerebrovascular accident presented with a Stage 4 sacral pressure ulcer of 2 months' duration with eschar and abscess formation. Because the wound measured 15 × 10 cm2, bilateral V-Y advancement flaps were used for surgical closure...
February 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481326/a-retrospective-analysis-to-evaluate-seasonal-pressure-injury-incidence-differences-among-hip-fracture-patients-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-east-china
#13
Hong-Lin Chen, Bin Zhu, Rong Wei, Zhen-Yu Zhou
Patients with a hip fracture are at high risk for pressure injury. A retrospective review of the electronic medical records of consecutive patients with a hip fracture treated in 2016 in a single tertiary hospital in east China were examined to investigate whether time of year affected the incidence of hospital-acquired pressure injury. Data collected included demographic characteristics (patient name, hospital number, age, gender, and body mass index); possible risk factors for pressure injury, such as presence of diabetes mellitus, admission hemoglobin, admission albumin, length of surgery, and the lowest and/or last Braden Scale score before pressure injury developed; and pressure injury information, which included time of occurrence (days after surgery), location (sacrum and coccyx, ischial tuberosity, or heel), stage, and treatment outcome...
February 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481325/factors-affecting-wound-healing-in-individuals-with-pressure-ulcers-a-retrospective-study
#14
Azize Karahan, Aysel AAbbasoğlu, Sevcan Avcı Işık, Banu Çevik, Çiğdem Saltan, Nalan Özhan Elbaş, Ayşe Yalılı
Owing to the number and severity of concomitant factors, pressure ulcers remain a significant problem. A retrospective study of data from adult patients with a pressure ulcer was conducted to identify factors that may affect their healing. Data from patients who were hospitalized between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2015, in a private Turkish university hospital who had a Stage 2, Stage 3, Stage 4, or unstageable pressure ulcer that was assessed using the Bates-Jensen Wound Assessment Tool (BWAT) were abstracted...
February 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481324/a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study-to-assess-the-effect-of-anodal-and-cathodal-electrical-stimulation-on-periwound-skin-blood-flow-and-pressure-ulcer-size-reduction-in-persons-with-neurological-injuries
#15
Anna Polak, Cezary Kucio, Luther C Kloth, Malgorzata Paczula, Ewa Hordynska, Tomasz Ickowicz, Edward Blaszczak, Ewa Kucio, Krystian Oleszczyk, Krzysztof Ficek, Andrzej Franek
The use of electrical stimulation (ES) should be considered for treating nonhealing pressure ulcers (PUs), but optimal ES wound treatment protocols have yet to be established. A randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical study was conducted to evaluate the effects of cathodal and anodal high-voltage monophasic pulsed current (HVMPC) on periwound skin blood flow (PSBF) and size reduction of Stage 2 to Stage 4 PUs of at least 4 weeks' duration. Persons >18 years of age, hospitalized with neurological injuries, at high risk for PU development (Norton scale <14 points; Waterlow scale >15 points), and with at least 1 Stage 2 to Stage 4 PU were eligible to participate in the study...
February 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406300/a-retrospective-cost-minimization-analysis-of-disposable-and-traditional-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-medicare-paid-claims
#16
Gary Delhougne, Christopher Hogan, Kim Tarka, Sunitha Nair
Traditional negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) systems are considered durable. The pump is designed for use by numerous patients over a period of several years. Recently developed smaller, disposable devices are designed for single-patient use. A retrospective analysis of 2012-2014 national Medicare claims data was used to examine payments associated with the use of traditional and disposable NPWT systems. Data extracted included NPWT episodes from the Limited Data Set Standard Analytic Files including the 5% sample for traditional NPWT and 100% sample for disposable NPWT...
January 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406299/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-the-impact-of-simulating-extreme-obesity-on-health-care-professionals-attitudes-and-perceptions
#17
Caz Hales, Lesley Gray, Lynne Russell, Carol MacDonald
Extremely obese patients pose significant challenges for those who strive to provide care. The prevalence and consequences of weight bias and stigma in health care have been well documented, but research on how to reduce weight bias and stigma is limited. To assess the impact of simulating obesity on the attitudes and perceptions of health professionals toward extreme obesity, a qualitative study involving 6 registered nurses and 1 registered physiotherapist was conducted between November 2015 and May 2016...
January 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406298/attitude-isn-t-the-only-thing-it-s-everything-humanistic-care-of-the-bariatric-patient-using-donabedian-s-perspective-on-quality-of-care
#18
Janice M Beitz
Comprehensive care of bariatric patients is challenging. Although structural knowledge exists about safe care given correct equipment and supplies, care processes also must be humane. The literature suggests morbidly obese patients may fear the health system because of past negative experiences. The purpose of this literature review was to examine quality issues in the care of bariatric patients in light of Donabedian's structure-process-outcomes model, emphasizing process components. Using the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), MEDLINE, and PsycINFO; the criteria English language and years 2005 to 2017; and the search terms morbid obesity, obesity, bariatric, attitudes, health professionals, health clinicians, and patient care yielded 150 articles...
January 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324432/an-overview-of-clinical-and-health-economic-evidence-regarding-porcine-small-intestine-submucosa-extracellular-matrix-in-the-management-of-chronic-wounds-and-burns
#19
Leo M Nherera, Marco Romanelli, Paul Trueman, Valentina Dini
Small intestine submucosa (SIS) has been extensively evaluated in preclinical models and developed into commercially produced medical technologies intended for use in several different indications. The SIS extracellular matrix cellular and/or tissue-based product is a commercially available, porcine-derived SIS dressing. The purpose of this review was to consider the role of the SIS dressing in the management of chronic wounds and burns. Using a variety of search terms from the literature to describe the SIS dressing, the following databases were searched: PubMed, York Centre for Reviews and Dissemination database, National Health Service Economic Evaluation database, Health Technology Assessment database, and the Cochrane Library...
December 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324431/a-descriptive-qualitative-study-to-assess-patient-experiences-following-stoma-reversal-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#20
Maria Reinwalds, Andrea Blixter, Eva Carlsson
Standard surgical treatment for patients operated for rectal cancer is abdominoperineal excision of the tumor result- ing in a permanent colostomy or an anterior resection, often with construction of a temporary loop ileostomy. Both options impact bowel function. Living with a permanent colostomy has been studied in depth, but knowledge is limited about patients' experiences living with a resected rectum after stoma reversal and how it affects daily life. A qualitative study was conducted to describe the rst 4 to 6 weeks after reversal of a temporary loop ileostomy due to rectal cancer...
December 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
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