journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458281/construction-of-a-potential-telephone-assessment-of-dementia-prevalence-and-severity
#1
Donald R Royall, Raymond F Palmer
The "δ" (for "dementia") is a latent dementia phenotype that can be constructed by a unique confirmatory bifactor model in a structural equation model framework. Because it is derived from Spearman's general intelligence factor, "g," δ can be constructed from any cognitive battery. This may allow for accurate dementia case-finding by telephone and in the absence of expert clinical evaluation or review. The authors constructed a new δ homolog in a large ethnically diverse convenience sample: the Texas Alzheimer's Research and Care Consortium, comprising 2,016 participants (Alzheimer's disease [AD], N=920; mild cognitive impairment, N=277; normal controls, N=819)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458280/depressive-symptoms-are-associated-with-color-vision-but-not-olfactory-function-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Da-Ke Li, Feng-Tao Liu, Kui Chen, Lu-Lu Bu, Ke Yang, Chen Chen, Zhen-Yang Liu, Yi-Lin Tang, Jue Zhao, Yi-Min Sun, Jian Wang, Jian-Jun Wu
Depressive symptoms and sensory dysfunction, such as reduction in visual and olfactory function, are common in Parkinson's disease (PD). Previous studies have suggested that depressive symptoms are associated with visual impairments and potentially with hyposmia in several types of mood disorders. However, the relationship between depressive symptoms and sensory dysfunction remains unclear in PD. To examine the association of depressive symptoms with color vision and olfactory function in PD, the authors conducted a cross-sectional study in 159 patients with PD...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458279/persistence-of-mania-after-cessation-of-stimulation-following-subthalamic-deep-brain-stimulation
#3
Philip E Mosley, Rodney Marsh, Alistair Perry, Terry Coyne, Peter Silburn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366375/patient-and-technician-oriented-attitudes-toward-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-devices
#4
Brady Lonergan, Eliza Nguyen, Cara Lembo, Carrie Hinchman, Oscar G Morales, Daniel Z Press, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Adam P Stern
Four transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) devices are currently approved for use in treatment-resistant depression. The authors present the first data-driven study examining the patient- and technician-experience using three of these distinct devices. A retrospective survey design with both patient and technician arms was utilized. The study population included patients who received TMS for treatment-resistant depression at the Berenson Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation for the first time between 2013 and 2016 and technicians who worked in the program from 2009 to 2017...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366374/poststroke-depressive-symptoms-are-associated-with-increased-oxidative-deoxyribonucleic-acid-damage
#5
Chung-Yao Chen, Chia-Ling Chen, Yao-Hung Yang, Chien-Hui Ho, Wen-Chun Tseng
Poststroke depression is independently associated with poor health outcomes, such as increased mortality, disability, anxiety, and lower quality of life. Identifying the potential biomarkers and detailed mechanisms of poststroke depression may improve the effectiveness of therapeutic intervention. In this cross-sectional study, the authors recruited patients with subacute ischemic stroke who were consecutively admitted for neurorehabilitation. Depression was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), with a cutoff based on a summed-items score of 10...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325478/catatonia-under-diagnosis-in-the-general-hospital
#6
Joan Roig Llesuy, Michel Medina, Kristen C Jacobson, Joseph J Cooper
Catatonia is under-diagnosed in psychiatric settings. No studies have explored the under-diagnosis of catatonia in general hospitals. The authors conducted a retrospective chart review using DSM-5 criteria to diagnose catatonia in medical inpatients between 2011 and 2013. Of 133 case subjects meeting DSM-5 criteria for catatonia retrospectively, 79 had never been diagnosed and 54 had a documented diagnosis. Multiple logistic regression revealed that psychiatry consultation significantly decreased the odds of under-diagnosis of catatonia, whereas presence of agitation, grimacing, or echolalia increased the likelihood of under-diagnosis...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325477/cognitive-performance-and-apathy-predict-unemployment-in-huntington-s-disease-mutation-carriers
#7
Milou Jacobs, Ellen P Hart, Raymund A C Roos
Unemployment is common for those with Huntington's disease (HD), a genetic neurodegenerative disorder, and affects patients' quality of life. HD is characterized by motor disturbances, cognitive dysfunction, and psychiatric symptoms. The purpose of this article was to determine which clinical signs of HD are predictive of unemployment. Data for employed (N=114) and unemployed (N=106) HD mutation carriers were used to investigate group differences. Univariate logistic regression analyses, adjusted for age and gender, were performed to determine individual predictors of unemployment...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183234/predictors-of-workplace-disability-in-a-premanifest-huntington-s-disease-cohort
#8
Anita M Y Goh, Emily You, Stephanie Perin, Fiona J Clay, Samantha Loi, Kathryn Ellis, Terence Chong, David Ames, Nicola Lautenschlager
Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disease involving motor, cognitive, and psychiatric/behavioral impairments that will eventually affect work role functioning. Few objective data exist regarding predictors of workplace disability in HD. The authors explored the predictors of work impairment and disability in a cross-sectional cohort of 656 employed, premanifest HD (preHD) individuals. In this cohort-the majority of whom were female, urban-dwelling, married/partnered, and working full-time, with minimal cognitive impairment, good function, minimal motor abnormality, and no indication of significant mental health issues-the number of participants who reported that they had missed work due to HD was low (2...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183233/complex-dynamics-in-the-basal-ganglia-health-and-disease-beyond-the-motor-system
#9
Daniela S Andres, Olivier Darbin
The rate and oscillatory hypotheses are the two main current frameworks of basal ganglia pathophysiology. Both hypotheses have emerged from research on movement disorders sharing similar conceptualizations. These pathological conditions are classified either as hypokinetic or hyperkinetic, and the electrophysiological hallmarks of basal ganglia dysfunction are categorized as prokinetic or antikinetic. Although nonmotor symptoms, including neurobehavioral symptoms, are a key manifestation of basal ganglia dysfunction, they are uncommonly accounted for in these models...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385932/the-habenula-s-role-in-adaptive-behaviors-contributions-from-neuroimaging
#10
Erica L Epstein, Robin A Hurley, Katherine H Taber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385931/neuropsychiatry-of-traumatic-brain-injury-a-30-year-perspective
#11
Jonathan M Silver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132274/olanzapine-improved-symptoms-and-olfactory-function-in-an-olfactory-reference-syndrome-patient
#12
Alefiya Dhilla Albers, Ilaria Amato, Mark W Albers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132273/neuropsychiatric-factors-linked-to-adherence-and-short-term-outcome-in-a-u-s-functional-neurological-disorders-clinic-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Sean P Glass, Nassim Matin, Benjamin Williams, Julie Mello, Christopher D Stephen, Sigrid S Young, Janet Callahan, W Curt LaFrance, David L Perez
Despite advancements in the assessment and management of functional neurological disorder (FND), the feasibility of implementing a new standard of care remains unclear. Chart reviews were performed for 100 patients with motor FND to investigate factors related to treatment adherence and clinical improvement over an average follow-up of 7 months. Of 81 patients who returned for follow-up, a history of chronic pain disorder inversely correlated with improvement. Of the 50 individuals newly referred for treatment, adherence correlated with improvement, while having abnormal neuroimaging inversely correlated with improvement...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132272/traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-conceptual-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-considerations-in-the-context-of-co-occurrence
#14
Jennifer J Vasterling, Shawna N Jacob, Ann Rasmusson
The events leading to traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often psychologically traumatic (e.g., motor vehicle accidents) or occur within a broader context of psychological trauma, such as military combat or recurrent interpersonal violence. In such cases, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop and serve to complicate TBI recovery. Likewise, brain trauma may impede emotional resolution following psychological trauma exposure. This article addresses comorbid PTSD and TBI, including the epidemiology of PTSD following TBI; the clinical presentation of the comorbidity; potential mechanisms that complicate recovery from psychological trauma and TBI when they co-occur; and considerations for the clinical management of PTSD in the context of TBI, including implications for both psychosocial and psychopharmacological PTSD treatments...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132271/capgras-syndrome-in-advanced-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Christopher L Groth, Antonia Pusso, Scott A Sperling, Diane S Huss, W Jeffrey Elias, G Frederick Wooten, Matthew J Barrett
Psychosis is common in Parkinson's disease (PD), especially in advanced disease, and can lead to a number of psychotic symptoms, including delusions. One uncommon delusion is Capgras syndrome (CS). The authors report on three PD patients with a history of deep brain stimulation (DBS) who developed this delusion. The anatomic targets in these three patients were the subthalamic nuclei in two patients and the globus pallidus interna in one patient. The length of time between surgery and development of CS varied but was greater than 6 months...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061091/exploring-the-spectrum-of-subcortical-hyperintensities-and-cognitive-decline
#16
Yi-Chun Chen, Hsien-Hao Tsao, Yi-Chuan Chu, Jiun-Jie Wang, Jiann-Der Lee, Pi-Yueh Chang, Wen-Chuin Hsu
White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) include periventricular WMH (pvWMH) and deep WMH. When hyperintensities in the basal ganglia or brainstem are included, the collective term is subcortical hyperintensities. Both WMH and medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) are risk factors for cognitive decline. This prospective study enrolled participants aged 50-85 years and followed their neuropsychological assessments annually for 2 years to explore the interactive effects of WMH and MTA on longitudinal clinical decline...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061090/neurodegenerative-dementias-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Christian LoBue, C Munro Cullum, Nyaz Didehbani, Kylee Yeatman, Bruce Jones, Michael A Kraut, John Hart
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is often considered to be a risk factor for the later development of neurodegenerative conditions, but some findings do not support a link. Differences in research methods, clinical samples, and limitations encountered when assessing and documenting TBI details likely contribute to the mixed reports in the literature. Despite some variability in findings, a review of the literature does provide support for the notion that TBI appears to be associated with earlier onset of some neurodegenerative disorders, although clearly not everyone with a TBI appears to be at an increased risk...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061089/dyslexic-characteristics-of-chinese-speaking-semantic-variant-of-primary-progressive-aphasia
#18
Simon Kang Seng Ting, Heidi Foo, Pei Shi Chia, Shahul Hameed, Kok Pin Ng, Adeline Ng, Nagaendran Kandiah
Reading disorder is a recognized feature in primary progressive aphasia (PPA). Surface dyslexia, characterized by regularization errors, is typically seen in the English-speaking semantic variant of PPA (svPPA). However, dyslexic characteristics of other languages, particularly logographical languages such as Chinese, remain sparse in the literature. This study aims to characterize and describe the dyslexic pattern in this group of patients by comparing an English-speaking svPPA group with a Chinese-speaking svPPA group...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876970/responding-to-ten-common-delirium-misconceptions-with-best-evidence-an-educational-review-for-clinicians
#19
Mark A Oldham, Nina M Flanagan, Ariba Khan, Olga Boukrina, Edward R Marcantonio
Delirium (acute confusion) is a serious, common health condition, and it predicts poor outcomes, including greater rates of mortality, institutionalization, prolonged hospitalization, and cognitive impairment. Expedient diagnosis and management are critical to address modifiable delirium causes and improve both quality of care and outcomes. Moreover, more than a third of delirium is preventable. Despite the clear significance of delirium and our increasingly sophisticated understanding of the condition, the gap between evidence and practice persists...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876969/noncognitive-behavioral-changes-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease-implications-of-neuroimaging-findings
#20
Jeff Victoroff, Feng V Lin, Kerry L Coburn, Samuel D Shillcutt, Valerie Voon, Simon Ducharme
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is commonly associated with noncognitive behavioral changes (NCBCs). The authors systematically reviewed whether neuroimaging has helped with understanding the pathophysiology, diagnosis, or management of NCBCs associated with AD, including depression, aggression or agitation, anxiety, apathy, psychosis, and sleep disorder. The authors identified dissociable neural substrates with multimodal imaging: depression implicates the lateral and superior prefrontal cortex; apathy and agitation implicate the dorsal anterior cingulate; psychosis implicates right lateralized frontal and medial temporal areas; and anxiety implicates mesial temporal regions...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
journal
journal
30170
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"