journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404534/retrograde-autobiographical-memory-from-pta-emergence-to-six-month-follow-up-in-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Caroline M Roberts, Gershon Spitz, Matthew Mundy, Jennie L Ponsford
The overwhelming focus of research on memory following traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been on anterograde amnesia, and very little attention has been paid to retrograde amnesia. There is evidence to suggest that retrograde autobiographical memory deficits exist after severe TBI, although there have been no prospective studies of autobiographical memory in a representative sample of moderate to severe cases recruited from hospital admissions. The purpose of the present study was to report changes in autobiographical memory performance among a group of patients soon after emergence from posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) and at the 6-month follow-up compared with a healthy control (HC) group...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404533/bifrontal-hypermetabolism-on-brain-fdg-pet-in-a-case-of-c9orf72-related-behavioral-variant-of-frontotemporal-dementia
#2
Jake P Levy, Christian Bocti, Dominique Elie, Nancy Paquet, Jean-Paul Soucy, Simon Ducharme
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404532/utility-of-the-clock-drawing-test-in-the-assessment-of-catatonia
#3
Michel Medina, Joseph J Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404531/poststroke-delirium-clinical-motor-subtypes-the-prospective-observational-polish-study-propolis
#4
Paulina Pasinska, Katarzyna Kowalska, Elzbieta Klimiec, Aleksander Wilk, Aleksandra Szyper-Maciejowska, Tomasz Dziedzic, Aleksandra Klimkowicz-Mrowiec
Although delirium is the most common neurobehavioral complication after stroke, its motor subtypes-hypoactive, hyperactive, mixed, and none-as well as their risk factors are not well characterized. Motor subtypes influence recognition and prognosis of delirium in hospitalized patients. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the frequency of poststroke delirium subtypes and to describe their predictive models. Consecutive patients with stroke were screened for delirium with the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376788/kl%C3%A3-ver-bucy-syndrome-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-synthesis-and-review-of-pharmacological-treatment-from-cases-in-adolescents-and-adults
#5
Fiona J Clay, Anu Kuriakose, Dorothea Lesche, Amelia J Hicks, Hadar Zaman, Elham Azizi, Jennie L Ponsford, Mahesh Jayaram, Malcolm Hopwood
Klüver-Bucy syndrome (KBS) is a rare clinical presentation following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Symptoms include visual agnosia, placidity, hyperorality, sexual hyperactivity, changes in dietary behavior, and hypermetamorphosis. The purpose of this article was to identify and synthesize the available evidence from case reports and case series on the treatment profile of KBS among adolescents and adults after TBI. Four bibliographic databases (MEDLINE OVID, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and SCOPUS) were searched for relevant literature...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376787/the-psychiatric-phenotype-of-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis
#6
Lucy L Gibson, Thomas A Pollak, Graham Blackman, Mary Thornton, Nicholas Moran, Anthony S David
In its early stages, anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is often characterized by prominent psychiatric manifestations that can lead to delays in diagnosis and treatment. The authors aimed to address this problem by providing a detailed description of the psychiatric phenotype and demographic features that may influence presentation. Eighty-six patients with positive serum NMDAR antibodies were identified, 22 of whom met diagnostic criteria for anti-NMDAR encephalitis. Medical notes were reviewed retrospectively to rate psychiatric symptoms using standardized scales...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376786/fearful-attachment-linked-to-childhood-abuse-alexithymia-and-depression-in-motor-functional-neurological-disorders
#7
Benjamin Williams, Juan Pablo Ospina, Rozita Jalilianhasanpour, Gregory L Fricchione, David L Perez
Insecure attachment is a predisposing risk factor for the development of functional neurological disorder (FND). There is limited research investigating connections between attachment styles, other predisposing vulnerabilities, and symptom severity in patients with motor FND. By using a within-group design with prospective data collection, the authors performed univariate tests followed by multivariate linear regressions to investigate neuropsychiatric factors associated with four attachment styles (secure, fearful, preoccupied, and dismissing) among 56 patients with motor FND (mean age=40...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305005/brain-structural-and-amyloid-correlates-of-recovery-from-semantic-interference-in-cognitively-normal-individuals-with-or-without-family-history-of-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Carolina Abulafia, David Loewenstein, Rosie Curiel-Cid, Bárbara Duarte-Abritta, Stella M Sánchez, Daniel E Vigo, Mariana N Castro, Lucas J Drucaroff, Silvia Vázquez, Gustavo Sevlever, Charles B Nemeroff, Salvador M Guinjoan, Mirta F Villarreal
Failure to recover from proactive semantic interference (frPSI) has been shown to be more sensitive than traditional cognitive measures in different populations with preclinical Alzheimer's disease. The authors sought to characterize the structural and amyloid in vivo correlates of frPSI in cognitively normal offspring of patients with late-onset Alzheimer's disease (O-LOAD), compared with individuals without a family history of neurodegenerative disorders (CS). The authors evaluated the LASSI-L, a test tapping frPSI and other types of semantic interference and delayed recall on the RAVLT, along with 3-T MRI volumetry and positron emission tomography Pittsburgh compound B, in 27 O-LOAD and 18 CS with equivalent age, sex, years of education, ethnicity, premorbid intelligence, and mood symptoms...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305004/why-we-still-use-organic-causes-results-from-a-survey-of-psychiatrists-and-residents
#9
David Benrimoh, Vincent Jetté Pomerleau, Arnaud Demoustier, Stéphane Poulin, Jean-Robert Maltais, Judith Brouillette, Simon Ducharme
The diagnostic category of "organic disorders" was officially removed from the psychiatric nosology in DSM-IV, published in 1994. Despite this change, physicians continue to use the term "organic causes" to refer to medical and neurological causes of psychiatric symptoms, and it remains part of the ICD-10 classification. In the context of increasing integration of psychiatric disorders within a medical and neuroscientific framework, the reasons behind the ongoing use of this term (reminiscent of mind-body dualism) have to be clarified...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305003/strong-association-between-migraine-and-transient-global-amnesia-a-national-inpatient-sample-analysis
#10
Minju Yi, Ayesha Z Sherzai, Chizobam Ani, David Shavlik, Mark Ghamsary, Evelyn Lazar, Dean Sherzai
The purpose of this article was to explore sex- and race-specific variables and comorbidities associated with transient global amnesia (TGA) using a nationally representative database. Data were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample using ICD-9 and procedure codes. Descriptive and survey logistic regression analyses were conducted and adjusted for influence of comorbidities, demographic characteristics, and hospitalization-related factors. Patients with migraines were 5.98 times more likely to also have a diagnosis of TGA compared with patients without migraines...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282514/delirium-resulting-from-traumatic-brain-injury-as-an-acute-risk-factor-for-suicide-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Gabriele Rocca, Fiorella Caputo, Francesca Maria Elena Frigiolini, Alfredo Verde, Francesco Ventura M D
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282513/resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-the-habenula-in-mood-disorder-patients-with-and-without-suicide-related-behaviors
#12
Elisa Ambrosi, David B Arciniegas, Kaylah N Curtis, Michelle A Patriquin, Gianfranco Spalletta, Gabriele Sani, B Christopher Frueh, J Christopher Fowler, Alok Madan, Ramiro Salas
The habenula is a small midbrain structure that is important for brain signaling and learning from negative events. Thus, the habenula is strongly connected to both the reward system and motor regions. Increasing evidence suggests a role for the habenula in the etiology of psychiatric disorders, including mood and substance use disorders. However, no studies to date have investigated habenular resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) in suicide-related behaviors (SB). The authors enrolled 123 individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) or bipolar disorder and a history of suicide-related behaviors (SB+), 74 individuals with MDD or bipolar disorder and a history of suicidal ideation but no history of SB (SB-), and 75 healthy control subjects (HC)...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282512/continuing-clozapine-treatment-in-acute-psychosis-with-neutropenia
#13
Po-Chiao Liao, Kuo-Hsuan Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187822/the-relationship-between-prior-concussions-and-depression-is-modified-by-somatic-symptomatology-in-retired-nfl-athletes
#14
Benjamin L Brett, Nishit Mummareddy, Andrew W Kuhn, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Scott L Zuckerman
A positive relationship between sport-related concussion (SRC) history and depressive symptoms in retired National Football League (NFL) athletes has been observed, with self-rated physical functioning identified as a confounding factor. The authors examined the influence of somatic symptom endorsement on the relationship between SRC history and self-reported depressive symptom severity in retired NFL athletes. Forty-three former NFL athletes completed self-report inventories of depression (with the Beck Depression Inventory II) and somatic symptoms (with the adjusted Patient Health Questionnaire-15)...
September 6, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187821/anxiety-independently-contributes-to-severity-of-freezing-of-gait-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Milla Pimenta, Dandara Moreira, Taísa Nogueira, Carolina Silva, Elen B Pinto, Guilherme T Valenca, Lorena R S Almeida
Freezing of gait is a disabling feature of Parkinson's disease, and it has been shown that nonmotor symptoms, such as anxiety and cognitive impairment, may be involved in the pathophysiology of the phenomenon. However, the association between freezing of gait severity and nonmotor symptoms is yet to be determined. Therefore, the overall aim of this study was to determine factors that contribute to severity of freezing of gait in people with Parkinson's disease. Participants (N=78) were assessed by disease-specific and self-report measures, including the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and the Freezing of Gait Questionnaire (FOG-Q)...
September 6, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187820/depressive-symptoms-are-associated-with-more-negative-functional-outcomes-than-anxiety-symptoms-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Sascha Gill, Jonathan Santo, Mervin Blair, Sarah A Morrow
Depression and anxiety are common among persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), and both negatively affect functional status. However, studies rarely account for overlap in depressive and anxiety symptoms on functional outcomes among people with MS. The authors aimed to examine the differential impact of depression and anxiety, measured by the Anxiety and Depression subscales of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-A and HADS-D), on functional outcomes among people with MS. Using a retrospective chart review of 128 people with MS, the authors used exploratory structural equation modeling to examine the relation of HADS-A and HADS-D to functional outcomes, namely employment status, fatigue (with the Fatigue Severity Scale), disability (with the Expanded Disability Status Scale [EDSS]), and cognition (with the Symbol Digit Modalities Test [SDMT])...
September 6, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141727/an-fmri-pilot-study-of-cognitive-flexibility-in-trichotillomania
#17
Jon E Grant, Richard Daws, Adam Hampshire, Samuel R Chamberlain
Trichotillomania is a relatively common psychiatric condition, although its neurobiological basis is unknown. Abnormalities of flexible responding have been implicated in the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder and thus may be relevant in trichotillomania. The purpose of this study was to probe reversal learning and attentional set-shifting in trichotillomania. Twelve adults with trichotillomania and 13 matched healthy control subjects undertook a functional MRI task of cognitive flexibility. Group-level activation maps for extradimensional and reversal switches were independently parcellated into discrete regions of interest using a custom watershed algorithm...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141726/failure-of-pet-scan-a-case-of-psychiatric-catatonia-mistaken-for-encephalitis
#18
Thanh Thuy Truong, Eileen Glocer, Shana Coshal, Ranjit Chacko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141725/six-landmark-case-reports-essential-for-neuropsychiatric-literacy
#19
Sheldon Benjamin, Lindsey MacGillivray, Barbara Schildkrout, Alexis Cohen-Oram, Margo D Lauterbach, Leonard L Levin
Well-described clinical case reports have been a core component of the neuropsychiatry literature and have led to: a deepened understanding of brain-behavior relationships and neuropsychiatric phenomenology, new paths for research, and compelling material for physicians who are studying neurology and psychiatry. Six landmark neuropsychiatry cases were selected for being well described, paradigmatic, and illuminating of brain-behavior correlations: Phineas Gage, Louis Victor Leborgne ("Tan"), Auguste Deter, Solomon Shereshevsky ("S"), "JP," and Henry Gustav Molaison ("HM")...
August 24, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045681/the-need-for-consensus-on-primary-familial-brain-calcification-nomenclature
#20
Laura Durão Ferreira, João Ricardo Mendes de Oliveira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
journal
journal
30170
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"