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International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology

Mohamed A Hamzawy, Yasmin B El-Ghandour, Sekena H Abdel-Aziem, Zoba H Ali
The aspect of treatment of autistic behaviour was investigated using valproic acid rat model of pregnant female rats. Two main groups (10 male rats/group) were treated for 6 days and then divided into six subgroups. The first group of normal rats was divided into three subgroups: (A) - control group, (B) - treated with camel milk (CAM; 2 mL/p.o) and (C) - treated with leptin (1000 µg/kg i.p) twice daily. The second group of autistic rats was randomly distributed into four subgroups as follows: (D) - positive control (autistics rats), (E) - treated with CAM, (F) - treated with a moderate dose of leptin and (G) - treated with a higher dose of leptin...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Shanyue Sun, Guangying Du, Jiang Xue, Jinbo Ma, Minmin Ge, Hongbo Wang, Jingwei Tian
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), which is highly expressed in human glioblastoma and involved in tumor immune escape and resistance to chemotherapy, is clinically correlated with tumor progression and poor clinical outcomes, and is a promising therapeutic target for glioblastoma. IDO inhibitors are marginally efficacious as single-agents; therefore, combination with other therapies holds promise for cancer therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-tumor effects and mechanisms of the IDO inhibitor PCC0208009 in combination with temozolomide...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Alexander Autenshlyus, Sergey Arkhipov, Elena Mikhailova, Valentina Arkhipova, Nikolay Varaksin
Currently, the role of cytokines in the tumor progression, including breast cancer, is universally recognized. At the same time, there are still many questions concerning the role of individual cytokines and receptors for cytokines in various morphogenetic processes underlying the tumor progression. The objective of this work was to study cytokine production and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-R2 and VEGF-R1 expression by mammary adenocarcinoma (MAC) and the correlations with histopathological parameters of malignant tumors...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Chun-Mei Wang, Chun-Qing Yang, Bao-Hua Cheng, Jing Chen, Bo Bai
Orexin-A elicits multiple potent effects on a variety of tumor cells via different signaling pathways. However, it is unknown whether it has a neuroprotective effect on SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells. This study investigated the neuroprotective effect of Orexin-A against hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )-induced oxidative damage in SH-SY5Y cells and the underlying mechanism. H2 O2 treatment decreased the viability of SH-SY5Y cells, induced apoptosis, and decreased superoxide dismutase activity. Orexin-A attenuated these effects, indicating that it protects SH-SY5Y cells against H2 O2 -induced oxidative damage...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Neslihan Edeer Karaca, Ezgi Ulusoy Severcan, Burcu Guven Bilgin, Elif Azarsiz, Sanem Akarcan, Nursen Cigerci Gunaydın, Nesrin Gulez, Ferah Genel, Guzide Aksu, Necil Kutukculer
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) and immunoglobulin A deficiency (IgAD) are the most prevalent primary immunodeficiency disorders. High rates of familial inheritance have been described in CVID and IgAD, but it is unknown in different ethnic populations. We aimed to determine the prevalence of familial cases and whether they showed more severe clinical characteristics than sporadic ones in Turkish patients. A total of 40 CVID and 70 IgAD patients and their 251 first-degree relatives (FDRs) were evaluated...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Alicja Kasperska-Zając, Aleksandra Damasiewicz-Bodzek, Ryszard Grzanka, Agnieszka Skrzypulec-Frankel, Katarzyna Bieniek, Agnieszka Sikora-Żydek, Jerzy Jochem
LIGHT (homologous to lymphotoxins, exhibiting inducible expression, and competing with herpes simplex virus (HSV) glycoprotein D for herpes virus entry mediator (HVEM), a receptor expressed by T lymphocytes) has been involved in various autoimmune and inflammatory disorders. LIGHT induces the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8), which is up-regulated in chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). To determine circulating soluble LIGHT concentration and its relationship with IL-8 concentration in patients with CSU. Concentrations of LIGHT, IL-8, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were determined in plasma or serum of CSU patients by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Yingjie Han, Frank Y Ma, Julie Di Paolo, David J Nikolic-Paterson
Non-selective inhibitors of spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) efficiently suppress disease in T cell-dependent models of crescentic glomerulonephritis. However, the therapeutic potential of selective SYK inhibitors in this disease has not been established. In addition, we lack knowledge regarding SYK expression in non-myeloid cells in glomerulonephritis. We addressed these two issues in a rat model of nephrotoxic serum nephritis (NTN) using a SYK inhibitor, GS-492429. Disease was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats (Study 1) or Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats (Study 2) by immunization with sheep IgG and administration of sheep anti-rat nephrotoxic serum...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Enzo Palese, Maurizio Nudo, Grazia Zino, Valeria Devirgiliis, Mattia Carbotti, Eleonora Cinelli, Donatella Maria Rodio, Alessia Bressan, Carla Prezioso, Cecilia Ambrosi, Daniela Scribano, Valeria Pietropaolo, Daniela Fioriti, Vincenzo Panasiti
Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by yeasts that belong to the genus Candida. There are over 20 species of Candida yeasts that can cause infection in humans, the most common of which is Candida albicans. Candida yeasts normally reside in the intestinal tract and can be found on mucous membranes and skin without causing infection. However, under immunocompromised conditions, Candida can cause significant infections in susceptible patients. Herein, we report a peculiar presentation of a C. albicans cutaneous infection in an immunocompetent young subject...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Xiumei Chen, Yongfeng Lai, Xicheng Song, Jinying Wu, Li Wang, Hua Zhang, Zhonglu Liu, Yan Wang
Chronic pharyngitis is characterized as a common inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa, and anti-inflammatory medications are the common treatment to relieve it. Polysacharides of Citrus grandis L. Osbeck (PCG) and luteolin have been reported to have anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, the protective effects of PCG and luteolin on chronic pharyngitis are evaluated and the underlying mechanisms are explored. PCG and luteolin are administrated to animal models with granuloma, ear edema and chronic pharyngitis and the effects of PCG and luteolin on disease severity are evaluated...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Claudio Tana, Cosima Schiavone, Andrea Ticinesi, Fulvio Lauretani, Antonio Nouvenne, Christoph Frank Dietrich, Tiziana Meschi
Ultrasound (US) can reveal the presence of steatosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but its diagnostic accuracy to reveal signs of fibrosis is low except in advanced stages of disease (e.g. cirrhosis). Current guidelines suggest the use of clinical algorithms, such as the NAFLD fibrosis score, and elastography to predict the progression of fibrosis, and the integration of elastography improves the detection accuracy of liver stiffness. However, there is a lack of evidence about the correlation between clinical algorithms and conventional US, and elastography is limited by the relative low diffusion, necessity of training, and loss of diagnostic accuracy in patients with high body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, or increased thickness of parietal walls, with consequent significant rates of failure of measurement of liver stiffness...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Jin-Sil Park, Sung-Min Kim, Sun-Hee Hwang, Si-Young Choi, Ji Ye Kwon, Seung-Ki Kwok, Mi-La Cho, Sung-Hwan Park
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE; lupus) is a prototypical autoimmune disease characterized by circulating autoantibodies to nuclear antigens and immune complex deposition, resulting in damage to target organs. To investigate the effects of tacrolimus (TAC) on effector T cells and B cells, we examined its involvement in the development of effector T cells, germinal center (GC) B cells, and plasma cells in an in vitro system using wild-type (WT) and lupus-prone mice. The population of T helper (Th) 1, Th2, and Th17 cells interleukin (IL)-17-producing T (Th17) cells and the production of interferon-γ and interleukin-17A IL-17A were suppressed by TAC...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Fang Chen, Yingkun He, Pengwen Wang, Peng Wei, Huili Feng, Yingxue Rao, Jing Shi, Jinzhou Tian
Reduced glucose utilization and deficient energy metabolism that occur in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease correlate with impaired cognition, and this information is evidence that Alzheimer's disease is a metabolic disease that is associated with brain insulin/insulin-like growth factor resistance. This research aimed to investigate the effects of Banxia Xiexin decoction (BXD) on cognitive deficits in APPswe/PS1dE9 double transgenic mice and verify the hypothesis that BXD treatment improves cognitive function via improving insulin signalling, glucose metabolism and synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus of APPswe/PS1dE9 double transgenic mice...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Hong Zhang, Yuechang Cai, Li Zheng, Zhanlei Zhang, Xiaofeng Lin, Ningyi Jiang
Our study attempted to verify the effect of lncRNA BST2 interferon-stimulated positive regulator (BISPR) on cell viability, propagation and invasiveness of thyroid papillary carcinoma (TPC) and the interactive relationship between BISPR and miR-21-5p. Microarray analyzed the aberrant expression lncRNA BISPR in TPC. BISPR and miR-21-5p as well as B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) expressions in TPC cells were determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, dual luciferase reporter assay, and transwell assay were conducted to manifest cell viability, propagation, and invasiveness of TPC cells...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Man Tian, Yong Ji, Tingting Wang, Wenxin Zhang, Ying Zhou, Yubao Cui
Regulation of the immune response in asthma is complex. MicroRNA-126 (miR-126) expression has been implicated in this response, so we sought to determine the clinical significance of miR-126 measured in the peripheral blood. A total of 80 children with acute asthma were selected to participate in the study and were compared to 80 healthy children. The relative circulating miR-126 levels, interleukin (IL)-4 levels, and the Th17 cell percentage in the peripheral blood of children in the case group were significantly higher than those in the control group, while the interferon (IFN)-γ levels and the CD4+ CD25+ Treg cell percentage were significantly lower than those in the control group...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Michał Ciebiera, Marta Włodarczyk, Małgorzata Wrzosek, Cezary Wojtyła, Męczekalski Błażej, Grażyna Nowicka, Krzysztof Łukaszuk, Grzegorz Jakiel
Uterine fibroids (UFs) are one of the most common pathologies of the female genital tract. The incidence of UFs has been estimated at 25-80%. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α is a cell-signaling protein involved in systemic inflammation and is one of the cytokines responsible for the acute phase reaction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of clinically symptomatic UFs on TNF-α serum levels. A total of 149 Caucasian women were included: 85 patients admitted for surgery due to clinically symptomatic UFs (n = 85; study group) and 64 age-matched UF-free controls (n = 64)...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Aihua Liu, Fukai Bao, Supayang P Voravuthikunchai
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is deemed as an immunoregulatory and proinflammatory cytokine related to the progression of tuberculosis. A CATT short tandem repeat (STR) polymorphism at position -794 in the MIF gene promoter region is associated with the susceptibility to tuberculosis (TB). To investigate whether macrophage MIF gene mif CATT variants are associated with susceptibility to retreatment cases of TB and drug-resistant TB prevalence, genotyping of MIF -794 CATT polymorphism and quantifying of serum MIF were performed to associate MIF-794 CATT polymorphism with new patients and retreatment cases...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Andrea Galassi, Liliana Turatello, Alessandra De Salvia, Margherita Neri, Emanuela Turillazzi, Raffaele La Russa, Rocco V Viola, Paola Frati, Vittorio Fineschi
Current scientific consensus about the physiopathology in the progression from severe sepsis to septic shock and death focuses on myocardial contractile dysfunction. Nevertheless, objective parameters to establish a pathological correlate of a fatal outcome are lacking; then a cause of death due to sepsis can remain an unsolved problem. We first reviewed all death cases recorded at our institutions during the period from 2007 until 2015. Then, we conducted a retrospective study of a selected autopsy series of people who had received "sepsis" as cause of death...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Jing-Yao Ma, Xin Zhang, Xiao-Feng Li, Le-Jian He, Ning Ma, Yun-Yun Wei, Run-Hui Wu, Fang-Yun Wang
Thrombotic storm (TS) is a rare disease, especially with thrombus in the heart of pediatric patient. We present a case of a 4-year-old boy, who was diagnosed with TS during his first hospitalization due to lower extremity deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and thrombosis of the inferior vena cava, cerebral, left internal jugular, portal, renal, and iliac veins. He was eventually prescribed with rivaroxaban to control thrombosis after 30 days of successive use of low-molecular-weight heparin, unfractionated heparin, and warfarin, which were demonstrating little effect on preventing thrombosis, and the patient was intolerant to argatroban...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Maria Fátima de Paula Ramos, Alceni do Carmo Morais Monteiro de Barros, Clara Versolato Razvickas, Fernanda T Borges, Nestor Schor
Xanthine oxidase activation occurs in sepsis and results in the generation of uric acid (UrAc) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). We aimed to evaluate the effect of xanthine oxidase inhibitors (XOis) in rats stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS (10 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) immediately after allopurinol (Alo, 2 mg/kg) or febuxostat (Feb, 1 mg/kg) every 24 h for 3 days. To increase UrAc levels, oxonic acid (Oxo) was administered by gavage (750 mg/kg per day) for 5 days...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Yonghui Bi, Weiguo Zhang, Jian Sun, Ruohui Gao
This study aims to investigate the therapeutic effect of vitamin D (VD) combined with interferon (IFN) type I (IFN-α) on mice with hepatitis B and to explore the possible mechanism. The mice were divided into control group, model group, IFN-α group, and IFN-α +  VD group. After 4 weeks, the mice of four groups were weighed, and the thymus and spleen indexes were calculated. The activity of alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) in the serum was detected while pathological changes of the liver were observed...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
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