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Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697715/catatonia-in-the-medically-ill-etiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-the-academy-of-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-evidence-based-medicine-subcommittee-monograph
#1
Lex Denysenko, Nicole Sica, Thomas M Penders, Kemuel L Philbrick, Audrey Walker, Scott Shaffer, Paula Zimbrean, Oliver Freudenreich, Nicole Rex, Brendan T Carroll, Andrew Francis
BACKGROUND: Catatonia in medically ill patients is rare but often unrecognized. This monograph summarizes current knowledge on the diagnosis, epidemiology, etiology, and management of catatonia occurring in the medical setting. METHODS: PubMed searches were used to identify relevant articles from 1962 to present. RESULTS: More than 3,000 articles were obtained and reviewed for relevance, including references of articles identified by the initial search...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697714/exploring-asian-american-attitudes-regarding-mental-health-treatment-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#2
Katherine Hails, Andrea Madu, Daniel Ju Hyung Kim, Hyeouk Chris Hahm, Benjamin Cook, Justin Chen, Trina Chang, Albert Yeung, Nhi-Ha Trinh
BACKGROUND: In this exploratory study, we examined attitudes regarding mental health treatment among 10 Asian American patients in an urban primary care setting to better understand contextual barriers to care. METHODS: Ten semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with Asian Americans recruited from primary care practices in an urban medical center. RESULTS: The study's qualitative data suggest that focusing on specific cultural concerns is essential for increasing mental health access for Asian Americans...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697713/alzhatv-a-nonpharmacological-intervention-to-manage-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-nursing-home-dementia-patients
#3
Smita U Varshney, Juhi U Varshney, Rajesh R Tampi, William V McCall, Upkar Varshney
BACKGROUND: Currently, 5 million seniors who reside in the community or assisted living or nursing facilities are affected by Alzheimer's disease and other neurocognitive disorders. They experience various psychiatric symptoms. Also, their family members are stressed from caregiving, and may feel guilty for not doing more. METHODS: We created an innovative nonpharmacological intervention, AlzhaTV, to decrease behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with neurocognitive disorders...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697712/moral-injury-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-religious-involvement-among-u-s-veterans
#4
Nagy A Youssef, Elizabeth Boswell, Shashana Fiedler, Rebecca Jump, Elizabeth Lee, Mark Yassa, Fazal Khan, Ananda Pathiraja, David Rizk, Michelle Pearce, Keisha O'Garo, Joseph M Currier, Harold G Koenig
BACKGROUND: Traumatic experiences can cause ethical conflicts. "Moral injury" (MI) has been used to describe this emotional/cognitive state, and could contribute to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or block its recovery. We examine the relationship between MI and PTSD, and the impact of religious involvement (RI) on that relationship. METHODS: We conducted a study of 120 veterans enrolled at the Charlie Norwood VA Medical Center in Augusta, Georgia...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697711/age-at-first-sexual-activity-clinical-and-cognitive-associations
#5
Michael D Harries, Helen A Paglia, Sarah A Redden, Jon E-Mail Grant
BACKGROUND: Engagement in sexual activity is common among adolescents and can be considered part of adolescent development, but it carries potential life-changing consequences. METHODS: This study examined if clinical and cognitive differences existed between adolescents who engaged in voluntary sexual behavior before age 15, between ages 15 to 18, and after age 18. All participants were part of a larger study examining impulsive behavior in young adults. Participants were assessed on measures including demographics, comorbid psychiatric disorders, and clinical scales and cognitive tasks assessing impulsivity, obsessive-compulsive traits, emotion regulation, depression, anxiety, and quality of life...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697710/symptom-severity-and-its-clinical-correlates-in-kleptomania
#6
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Kleptomania (compulsive stealing) remains poorly understood, with limited data regarding its underlying pathophysiology and appropriate treatment choices. METHODS: Participants (N = 112) age 18 to 65 with a primary, current diagnosis of kleptomania were assessed for the severity of their stealing behavior and urges to steal, as well as related mental health symptoms. To identify clinical and demographic measures associated with variation in disease severity, we utilized the statistical technique of partial least squares...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697709/effects-of-nonpharmacological-therapies-on-anxiety-and-cortisol-a-meta-analysis
#7
Raza Sagarwala, Theodore Malmstrom, Henry A Nasrallah
BACKGROUND: Although pharmacotherapy is considered the standard of care for the treatment of anxiety, a subset of the patients remains resistant or intolerant to iatrogenic adverse effects. Nonpharmacological and nonpsychotherapeutic interventions, sometimes referred to as "complementary treatments," have emerged as possible alternatives in the treatment of anxiety. We conducted a meta-analysis of placebo-controlled studies to assess the efficacy of nonpharmacological therapy on anxiety...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697708/patient-primary-language-in-a-culturally-focused-intervention-for-latino-americans-with-depression
#8
Laura Curren, Ilana Huz, Madison McKee, Lara Traeger, C Andres Bedoya, Trina E Chang, Paolo Cassano, Maurizio Fava, Jonathan Alpert, Albert Yeung, Stephen E Gilman, Nhi-Ha Trinh
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether a culturally focused psychiatric consultation program (CFP) for Latino Americans was equally effective in reducing depressive symptoms in English-speaking and Spanish-speaking patients. METHODS: The CFP utilizes the Engagement Interview Protocol (EIP), a semi-standardized protocol eliciting patient narratives about illness beliefs. The sample included 118 Latino American patients presenting with depressive symptoms. Patient-preferred primary language was examined as a moderator for the effect of CFP participation vs usual care on change in depressive symptoms...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697707/the-importance-of-paying-attention-to-relationships
#9
Richard Balon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373621/modafinil-associated-with-new-onset-obsessivecompulsive-disorder
#10
Jeannie D Lochhead, Michele A Nelson, Rimal Bera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373620/stuttering-and-levetiracetam-case-report-and-research-proposal
#11
Guillermo Mejías, Antonio Oliviero, Juan Antonio Barcia, Cristina Nombela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373619/a-brief-history-of-polarity-in-mood-and-its-diagnostic-evolution
#12
Omar Khan, Nagy A Youssef
BACKGROUND: We reviewed the historical development of diagnostic nomenclature and classification systems of mood disorders. METHODS: A literature search in PubMed and Google Scholar was performed using multiple search terms. Also, the criteria and classification of various mood disorders were reviewed and compared across all editions of DSM. We also reviewed several books and the references of the found articles. RESULTS: This review describes the historical development of the concepts and diagnostic nomenclature of mood disorders, including the encompassing of most of the now major depressive disorder under the prior manic-depressive illness...
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373618/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-a-community-sample-over-2-years
#13
Laura Madson, Beverly Klug, Linda Madson, Tamara Stimatze, Kerri Eness-Potter, Justin MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have demonstrated that mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) improves clinical and nonclinical outcomes, few studies have followed MBSR participants for >12 months, and few have analyzed post-intervention home practice. METHODS: We followed a community sample of 247 self-referred adults for 2 years after completion of an 8-week MBSR program. Dependent variables, including self-reported anxiety, depression, perceived wellness, mindfulness, and duration and frequency of continued home practice, were measured before and after the program and every 6 months after...
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373617/determinants-of-cognitive-function-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis
#14
Rodrigo B Mansur, Yena Lee, Aileen J Zhou, Nicole E Carmona, Danielle S Cha, Joshua D Rosenblat, Robert Bruins, Ron Kakar, Natalie L Rasgon, Julie A Lovshin, Tonita E Wroolie, Kang Sim, Elisa Brietzke, Hertzel C Gerstein, Carola Rong, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with deficits across multiple cognitive domains; however, the determinants of cognitive impairment in T2DM are not well characterized. We aimed to evaluate body mass index (BMI), glycemic control, and T2DM duration as moderators of cognitive dysfunction in T2DM. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analytic review of the literature reporting data on BMI, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), T2DM duration, and validated measures of processing speed (ie, Digit Symbol Substitution Test, Trail Making Test [TMT]-A), verbal learning and memory (ie, Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test), and working memory/executive function (ie, TMT-B) among individuals with vs without T2DM...
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373616/differences-in-the-cognitive-profile-of-depression-between-racial-groups
#15
Jon E Grant, Michael Harries, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: There is little research concerning whether race is associated with different clinical presentations of psychiatric disorders. Understanding the racial aspects of cognitive differences among depressed adults could help identify specific targets for depression treatment. METHODS: We recruited 59 participants (52.5% white, 47.5% African American), age 18 to 60, with a current diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD). All participants underwent a cognitive battery that included tasks assessing decision-making, response inhibition, working memory, and executive planning...
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373615/is-binge-eating-a-cognitive-disorder-results-from-the-international-mood-disorders-collaborative-project
#16
Yena Lee, Nicole E Carmona, Margarita Shekotikhina, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Rodrigo B Mansur, Danielle S Cha, Jae-Hon Lee, JungGoo Lee, Aileen J Zhou, Roman M Dale, David J Muzina, Sidney H Kennedy, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: Individuals with binge eating disorder (BED) are differentially affected by attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obesity, and substance use disorder. We have investigated to what extent cognitive deficits are relevant to binge eating behavior (BEB). METHODS: Data from the International Mood Disorders Collaborative Project were retrospectively and cross-sectionally analyzed to compare individuals with and without BEB on measures of anhedonia and general cognitive functions (n = 566)...
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373614/the-association-of-adverse-mental-health-effects-with-repeated-exposure-to-disasters
#17
Laura M Stough, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: It has been assumed that the mental health effects of repeated trauma should be incrementally greater than simple additive effects of separate trauma. However, repeated disasters afflicting the same population are uncommon. This study investigated psychiatric disorders following differential exposures to repeated disasters. METHODS: Mental health effects of exposure to repeated disasters of 547 individuals exposed to either flooding, tornadoes, dioxin contamination, and/or radioactive well water were assessed...
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373613/passings-to-note-paul-michael-packman-md-s-charles-schulz-md
#18
Donald W Black
One of the keys to the success of Annals of Clinical Psychiatry has always been the tireless efforts of our dedicated Editorial Board. We recently lost 2 longtime Editorial Board members, Drs. Paul Michael Packman and S. Charles Schulz. Both will be greatly missed.
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373612/are-meta-analyses-clinically-useful
#19
Richard Balon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069114/concomitant-calcium-channel-blocker-and-antipsychotic-therapy-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-efficacy-analysis-of-the-catie-sz-phase-1-data
#20
Priscilla Van Dyke, Kelan L Thomas
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the influence of concomitant calcium channel blocker (CCB) and antipsychotic (AP) therapy on efficacy measures in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Data from the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness in Schizophrenia study were used to evaluate the effect of concomitant CCB therapy on the Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) score, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) score, and time to all-cause discontinuation of AP treatment...
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
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