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Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901522/the-effect-of-remission-status-on-work-functioning-in-employed-patients-treated-for-major-depressive-disorder
#1
David Sarfati, Kurtis Stewart, Cindy Woo, Sagar V Parikh, Lakshmi N Yatham, Raymond W Lam
BACKGROUND: The ability to function at work is impaired in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) but few clinical trials include occupational outcome assessments. This study examined whether symptom remission following treatment for MDD is associated with work functioning improvement. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of a 12-week randomized clinical trial comparing escitalopram with or without telephone-administered cognitive therapy in employed patients with MDD (N = 86)...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901521/electronic-cigarette-use-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-prevalence-and-attitudes
#2
Brian J Miller, Alexandre Wang, Joyce Wong, Nina Paletta, Peter F Buckley
BACKGROUND: Smoking is highly prevalent in patients with schizophrenia. Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are becoming increasingly popular among smokers. Surveys indicate overall favorable attitudes toward the use of e-cigarettes to reduce or quit smoking, relieve withdrawal symptoms, and with respect to perceived health risks; however, less is known about their use in patients with schizophrenia. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of and attitudes toward e-cigarettes in patients with schizophrenia...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901520/depot-antipsychotics-where-do-we-stand
#3
Ahsan Y Khan, Salman Salaria, Muhammad Ovais, George D Ide
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to medication is a major problem for patients with schizophrenia. To counter this problem, pharmaceutical companies began developing depot antipsychotics. Although there are currently 5 first-generation and 6 second-generation depot antipsychotics available worldwide, many physicians are still reluctant to use this category of drug initially. This review provides the latest information about the use of depot antipsychotics in schizophrenia treatment as well as several studies in support of depot antipsychotic use as first-line treatment for patients with schizophrenia...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901519/predictors-of-comorbid-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-skin-picking-disorder-in-trichotillomania
#4
Nancy J Keuthen, Erin E Curley, Jeremiah M Scharf, Douglas W Woods, Christine Lochner, Dan J Stein, Esther S Tung, Erica Greenberg, S Evelyn Stewart, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Trichotillomania (TTM), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and skin-picking disorder (SPD) frequently occur together and share overlapping phenomenology, pathophysiology, and possible genetic underpinnings. This study sought to identify factors that predict OCD and SPD in hair pullers. METHODS: Five hundred fifty-five adult female hair pullers were recruited from specialty clinics and assessed using standardized, semi-structured interviews and self-reports...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901518/life-events-substance-use-psychological-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-male-and-female-french-gamblers
#5
Ce Line Bonnaire, Vivianne Kovess, Romain Guignard, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Enguerrand Du-Roscoat, Franc Ois Beck
BACKGROUND: Most studies on substance use, psychological distress, quality of life (QoL), and life events among gamblers are carried out on pathological gamblers seeking treatment, and sex differences are rarely investigated. The aim of this study was to explore the potential male-female differences in the relationship between these variables in a nationally representative French sample. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-two problem gamblers (PGs) and 25,314 non-problem gamblers or non-gamblers (NPGs) were evaluated for sociodemographic variables, gambling behavior, substance use, QoL, and life events...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901517/ideomotor-limb-apraxia-as-a-staging-tool-in-individuals-with-alzheimer-s-disease-iliad
#6
William D Soulsby, Nezar El-Ruwie, Shravan Gatla, Katelyn Anderson Zimmer, Safa Najmi, Alexander Chen, John T Chibnall, George T Grossberg
BACKGROUND: Ideomotor apraxia (IMA) is known to affect individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Combined with impaired cognitive function, IMA can support evidence of probable AD. However, apraxia is a condition that is difficult to diagnose. The Postural Knowledge Test (PKT), developed by Mozaz et al, was designed to easily identify limb apraxia in multiple sclerosis yet demonstrated potential utility for AD. ILIAD is a pilot study to investigate correlation between the PKT and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901516/psychotropic-drug-changes-contributing-to-readmissions-in-medically-hospitalized-psychiatric-patients-a-retrospective-study
#7
Subramoniam Madhusoodanan, Biling Xu, Srikanth Prayaga, Piotr Slowik, Ronald Brenner, Wallace Thomas, Natalie Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Psychotropic drug changes during medical hospitalizations may lead to psychiatric and medical readmissions. METHODS: One-year hospitalization records of nursing home patients with chronic mental illness and a psychotropic drug change during medical admission were reviewed. We calculated the readmission rates for 30, 60, and 90 days; the classes of the psychotropic drugs changed; the reason for change; and the specialties of the responsible physicians...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901515/neurocognitive-and-clinical-correlates-of-gambling-behavior-based-on-mode-of-gambling
#8
Eric W Leppink, Austin W Blum, Samuel Chamberlain, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Gambling opportunities have expanded greatly in recent years, with ever-increasing availability via the internet as well as land-based options (eg, casinos). Although some research suggests that internet gamblers have higher rates of disordered gambling than land-based only gamblers, the clinical and cognitive importance of these findings is unknown. METHODS: We recruited 542 young adults (age 18 to 29) and compared land- based only (n = 385 [70.8%]) and mixed internet/land-based gamblers (LBGs) (n = 157 [28...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901514/the-madness-of-medical-marijuana-and-marijuana-legalization
#9
Richard Balon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490838/dsm-5-defined-attenuated-psychosis-syndrome-and-conversion-to-full-scale-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-an-institution-wide-retrospective-review
#10
Zachary Zuschlag, Alyssa Kennedy, Jeffrey Korte, Laura Franko-Tobin, Karen Hartwell, Mark Hamner
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to determine if DSM-5-defined attenuated psychosis syndrome (APS) could identify individuals with prodromal psychosis and predict conversion to schizophrenia spectrum disorders at a rate similar to that observed in previous studies that utilized structured interviews and specialized rating scales. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients' medical records was used to identify individuals meeting diagnostic criteria for the APS, followed by further evaluation 2 to 3 years after the initial diagnosis, to determine if they converted to schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490837/anxiety-or-agitation-in-mood-disorder-with-mixed-features-a-review-with-a-focus-on-validity-as-a-dimensional-criterion
#11
In Hee Shim, Dong Sik Bae, Won-Myong Bahk
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic validity of mixed features, excluding anxiety or psychomotor agitation in mood disorders, has not yet been fully examined. METHOD: PubMed and relevant English-language literature (regardless of year) were searched. Keywords were mixed or mixed state or mixed features or mixed episode and anxious or anxiety or agitation and bipolar disorder or depressive disorder or mood disorder or affective disorder. RESULTS: Most studies on anxiety or psychomotor agitation have included a significant correlation relevant to the "with mixed features" specifier, although it is common in both poles of mood episodes regardless of the predominant polarity...
August 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490836/the-evolution-of-ptsd-criteria-across-editions-of-dsm
#12
Carol S North, Alina M Surís, Rebecca P Smith, Richard V King
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has remained controversial from the time of its first inclusion in DSM-III. No reviews have fully documented the shifting PTSD definitions across editions of the criteria. This article chronicles the evolution of PTSD across editions of the DSM. METHODS: Diagnostic precursors to PTSD in DSM-I and DSM-II were briefly described, followed by systematic review of PTSD in subsequent editions of the DSM...
August 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490835/placebo-controlled-augmentation-trials-of-the-antioxidant-nac-in-schizophrenia-a-review
#13
Alexander T Chen, John T Chibnall, Henry A Nasrallah
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported that schizophrenia is associated with mitochondrial abnormalities, glutathione deficit, and increased brain oxidative stress (free radicals). N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a strong antioxidant with potential therapeutic benefit in schizophrenia, according to some reports. We conducted a review of the published controlled studies, with the goal of determining the efficacy profile of NAC as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia. METHODS: An online search was conducted for all placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trials of NAC in schizophrenia, and a review was conducted...
August 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490834/expanded-conceptualization-of-multimorbidity-to-encompass-substance-use-disorders-and-other-psychiatric-illness
#14
Carol S North, E Sherwood Brown, David E Pollio
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, the study of medicine has focused on individual diseases. In reality, however, diseases tend to co-occur in individual patients, a concept known as multimorbidity. Multimorbidity most often is seen in geriatric practice. Empirical data on patients with multiple chronic disorders and clinical care guidelines based on single conditions are insufficient to inform medical care of patients with >1 medical condition. METHODS: This article reviews concepts of multimorbidity in the published literature in the context of substance use disorders, other psychiatric disorders, and associated social and environmental problems in other populations, including public sector service populations...
August 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490833/does-comorbidity-matter-in-body-focused-repetitive-behavior-disorders
#15
Jon E Grant, Eric W Leppink, Jerry Tsai, Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Erin E Curley, Brian L Odlaug, Nancy J Keuthen
BACKGROUND: Trichotillomania (TTM) and skin-picking disorder (SPD) have been characterized as body-focused repetitive behavior disorders (BFRBs). Because BFRBs frequently co-occur, we sought to discover the similarities and differences for individuals having both TTM and SPD as opposed to 1 of these disorders. METHODS: Participants with primary TTM (N = 421) were evaluated regarding the comorbidity of SPD, and participants with primary SPD (N = 124) were evaluated regarding the comorbidity of TTM...
August 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490832/longitudinal-assessment-of-clinical-risk-factors-for-depression-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#16
Obiora E Onwuameze, Aghaegbulam Uga, Sergio Paradiso
BACKGROUND: During initial assessment of individuals with schizophrenia and related disorders (schizophrenia spectrum disorders [SSDs]), clinicians tend to pay greater attention to psychotic symptoms than mood symptoms, including depression. Depression is reported to influence the course of SSDs, but not much is known about the risk factors for depression in SSDs. In the present study, we examined clinical predictors of depression in SSDs. METHODS: The sample included 71 patients with SSDs followed in a modified Assertive Community Treatment program, the Community Support Network of Springfield, Illinois...
August 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490831/efficacy-of-stimulants-for-psychiatric-symptoms-in-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Michael B Maksimowski, Rajesh R Tampi
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review is to summarize data from published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the efficacy of stimulants for psychiatric symptoms in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: A literature search was conducted of 5 major databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, and Cochrane Collaboration) that identified RCTs on the use of stimulants for human patients with a diagnosis of TBI. RESULTS: A total of 176 articles were identified, of which 18 matched the inclusion criteria and were reviewed in their entirety...
August 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490830/the-confusion-of-psychiatric-comorbidity
#18
Richard Balon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285395/a-case-of-carbamazepine-induced-priapism
#19
Sorab Gupta, Shorabh Sharma, Rupinder Singh Buttar, Meenakshi Punj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285394/a-stepped-care-approach-to-psychotherapy-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#20
Fernando Lana, Carmen Sanchez-Gil, Victor Perez, Josep Martí-Bonany
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
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