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Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028898/the-use-of-memantine-in-neuropsychiatric-disorders-an-overview
#1
Syshane Lu, Henry A Nasrallah
BACKGROUND: Memantine is a non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist currently used for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease as an approved indication. However, as knowledge of signaling pathways is increasing, the therapeutic potential of memantine is being applied for the treatment of various psychiatric illnesses. METHODS: The PubMed online database was searched for the use of memantine in various psychiatric disorders. Case studies, open-label trials, and controlled trials from the search were included...
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028897/empathy-changes-in-neurocognitive-disorders-a-review
#2
Zachary Bartochowski, Shravan Gatla, Rita Khoury, Roula Al-Dahhak, George T Grossberg
BACKGROUND: Empathy can be broadly defined as the ability to understand what others feel (cognitive empathy) and feel what others feel (affective empathy). The capacity to empathize may be impaired in certain major neurocognitive disorders (MNCDs), affecting not only the patient, but also the caregivers. METHODS: PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched for studies investigating empathy changes, using an objective scale, in patients with MNCDs. RESULTS: The Interpersonal Reactivity Index was most commonly used to evaluate empathy in this population...
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028896/does-diagnosing-a-patient-with-borderline-personality-disorder-negatively-impact-patient-satisfaction-with-the-initial-diagnostic-evaluation
#3
Mark Zimmerman, Patrick McGonigal, Sydney S Moon, Lucille Mehring, Jocelyn LaHaye, Arnaldo Berges, Sarah Schmidhofer
BACKGROUND: Research has found that clinicians have less sympathetic attitudes and behave less empathically toward patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Anecdotal conversations with clinicians and trainees reveal that some have a reluctance to tell their patients that they have BPD due to a concern that these patients will react badly. In the present report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services (MIDAS) project, we examined whether diagnosing BPD resulted in lower satisfaction with the initial evaluation...
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028895/depression-and-substance-use-disorders-in-the-offspring-of-depressed-parents-as-a-function-of-the-parent-s-borderline-personality-disorder-symptomatology
#4
Sophie Kerr, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Parental major depressive disorder (MDD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) are associated with increased risk of offspring psychopathology. It is unclear whether BPD in depressed parents infers greater risk than depression alone. We hypothesized that BPD features in depressed parents would be associated with higher morbid risk of offspring MDD and substance use disorders (SUDs). METHODS: Participants included 912 psychiatric outpatients with a principal diagnosis of MDD...
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028894/is-ondansetron-beneficial-for-psychosis-associated-with-dementia
#5
Rajesh R Tampi, Michael Maksimowski, Thejasvi Lingamchetty, Syeda Arshiya Farheen
BACKGROUND: This systematic review identified published studies that evaluated the use of ondansetron in individuals with psychosis associated with dementia. METHODS: A literature search was conducted of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Collaboration databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), cohort studies, and case reports that evaluated the use of ondansetron for individuals with psychosis associated with dementia. Bibliographic databases of published articles were also searched for additional studies...
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028893/body-temperature-rises-following-improvement-of-depression-with-ect
#6
Alexander T Chen, Theodore Malmstrom, Henry A Nasrallah
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have reported hyperthermia is an efficacious treatment for depression. Thus, we hypothesized that a proven depression therapy such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) would be associated with an increase in body temperature. METHODS: A retrospective chart analysis was conducted on 33 participants who recovered from depression after a course of ECT. All were hospitalized for recurrent, severe symptoms and had no previous ECT treatment. Oral temperature recordings before and after the first and last ECT treatments were collected for each participant...
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028892/academic-skills-in-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-preliminary-study
#7
Juliana Negreiros, Laura Belschner, Robert R Selles, Sarah Lin, S Evelyn Stewart
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a prevalent and debilitating illness that often begins in childhood and has a significant impact on the functioning of youth and their families. Given that schooling represents a considerable portion of youth's lives and is a key contributor to their development, identifying impacts of OCD on school performance is important. METHODS: The present study evaluated academic skill differences in OCD-affected youth age 7 to 18 (n = 25) compared with matched healthy controls (HCs; n = 25), as captured via standardized testing...
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028891/what-is-the-overlap-between-subjective-and-objective-cognitive-impairments-in-mdd
#8
Maurizio Fava, Atul R Mahableshwarkar, William Jacobson, Wei Zhong, Richard Se Keefe, Christina Kurre Olsen, Judith Jaeger
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairments, such as memory deficits and executive impairment, are common among patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and can be captured with objective or subjective assessments. The aim of this post-hoc analysis of the CONNECT study was to assess the degree of overlap between subjective and objective cognitive impairment among MDD patients, and to evaluate associated clinical characteristics. METHODS: The study was conducted from April 2012 to February 2014 and enrolled a total of 602 patients with MDD who reported subjective cognitive impairment...
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028890/experiences-of-gender-incongruence-and-the-relationship-between-social-exclusion-psychological-distress-and-dysfunction-among-south-african-transgender-adults-a-field-study-for-icd-11
#9
Megan M Campbell, Ana Fresán, Ronald M Addinall, Werner Böhmke, Gerhard P Grobler, Adele Marais, Don Wilson, Dan J Stein, Geoffrey M Reed, Rebeca Robles
BACKGROUND: The classification of sexuality-related conditions and conditions relating to transgender identity has generated controversy. Growing evidence suggests that the distress and dysfunction reported by transgender individuals is more likely associated with social exclusion, stigmatization, and violence than as a result of gender incongruence per se. Our study aimed to explore the experiences of South African transgender individuals through: 1) their self-reported accounts of gender incongruence, and 2) associations between their experiences of social exclusion and violence, and their reports of psychological distress and dysfunction during adolescence...
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028889/the-inexplicable-rise-of-medication-prices
#10
Richard Balon
Prescription medications are now the fastest-growing medical costs. Prices of brand name medications are exorbitant. An example is long-acting injectable aripiprazole, which costs more than $2,400 for a single injection in the United States, while in Canada this cost is less than $500 and in Turkey it is approximately $150. That brings the annual cost to use this medication in the United States to approximately $30,000.
August 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697715/catatonia-in-the-medically-ill-etiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-the-academy-of-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-evidence-based-medicine-subcommittee-monograph
#11
Lex Denysenko, Nicole Sica, Thomas M Penders, Kemuel L Philbrick, Audrey Walker, Scott Shaffer, Paula Zimbrean, Oliver Freudenreich, Nicole Rex, Brendan T Carroll, Andrew Francis
BACKGROUND: Catatonia in medically ill patients is rare but often unrecognized. This monograph summarizes current knowledge on the diagnosis, epidemiology, etiology, and management of catatonia occurring in the medical setting. METHODS: PubMed searches were used to identify relevant articles from 1962 to present. RESULTS: More than 3,000 articles were obtained and reviewed for relevance, including references of articles identified by the initial search...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697714/exploring-asian-american-attitudes-regarding-mental-health-treatment-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#12
Katherine Hails, Andrea Madu, Daniel Ju Hyung Kim, Hyeouk Chris Hahm, Benjamin Cook, Justin Chen, Trina Chang, Albert Yeung, Nhi-Ha Trinh
BACKGROUND: In this exploratory study, we examined attitudes regarding mental health treatment among 10 Asian American patients in an urban primary care setting to better understand contextual barriers to care. METHODS: Ten semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with Asian Americans recruited from primary care practices in an urban medical center. RESULTS: The study's qualitative data suggest that focusing on specific cultural concerns is essential for increasing mental health access for Asian Americans...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697713/alzhatv-a-nonpharmacological-intervention-to-manage-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-nursing-home-dementia-patients
#13
Smita U Varshney, Juhi U Varshney, Rajesh R Tampi, William V McCall, Upkar Varshney
BACKGROUND: Currently, 5 million seniors who reside in the community or assisted living or nursing facilities are affected by Alzheimer's disease and other neurocognitive disorders. They experience various psychiatric symptoms. Also, their family members are stressed from caregiving, and may feel guilty for not doing more. METHODS: We created an innovative nonpharmacological intervention, AlzhaTV, to decrease behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with neurocognitive disorders...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697712/moral-injury-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-religious-involvement-among-u-s-veterans
#14
Nagy A Youssef, Elizabeth Boswell, Shashana Fiedler, Rebecca Jump, Elizabeth Lee, Mark Yassa, Fazal Khan, Ananda Pathiraja, David Rizk, Michelle Pearce, Keisha O'Garo, Joseph M Currier, Harold G Koenig
BACKGROUND: Traumatic experiences can cause ethical conflicts. "Moral injury" (MI) has been used to describe this emotional/cognitive state, and could contribute to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or block its recovery. We examine the relationship between MI and PTSD, and the impact of religious involvement (RI) on that relationship. METHODS: We conducted a study of 120 veterans enrolled at the Charlie Norwood VA Medical Center in Augusta, Georgia...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697711/age-at-first-sexual-activity-clinical-and-cognitive-associations
#15
Michael D Harries, Helen A Paglia, Sarah A Redden, Jon E-Mail Grant
BACKGROUND: Engagement in sexual activity is common among adolescents and can be considered part of adolescent development, but it carries potential life-changing consequences. METHODS: This study examined if clinical and cognitive differences existed between adolescents who engaged in voluntary sexual behavior before age 15, between ages 15 to 18, and after age 18. All participants were part of a larger study examining impulsive behavior in young adults. Participants were assessed on measures including demographics, comorbid psychiatric disorders, and clinical scales and cognitive tasks assessing impulsivity, obsessive-compulsive traits, emotion regulation, depression, anxiety, and quality of life...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697710/symptom-severity-and-its-clinical-correlates-in-kleptomania
#16
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Kleptomania (compulsive stealing) remains poorly understood, with limited data regarding its underlying pathophysiology and appropriate treatment choices. METHODS: Participants (N = 112) age 18 to 65 with a primary, current diagnosis of kleptomania were assessed for the severity of their stealing behavior and urges to steal, as well as related mental health symptoms. To identify clinical and demographic measures associated with variation in disease severity, we utilized the statistical technique of partial least squares...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697709/effects-of-nonpharmacological-therapies-on-anxiety-and-cortisol-a-meta-analysis
#17
Raza Sagarwala, Theodore Malmstrom, Henry A Nasrallah
BACKGROUND: Although pharmacotherapy is considered the standard of care for the treatment of anxiety, a subset of the patients remains resistant or intolerant to iatrogenic adverse effects. Nonpharmacological and nonpsychotherapeutic interventions, sometimes referred to as "complementary treatments," have emerged as possible alternatives in the treatment of anxiety. We conducted a meta-analysis of placebo-controlled studies to assess the efficacy of nonpharmacological therapy on anxiety...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697708/patient-primary-language-in-a-culturally-focused-intervention-for-latino-americans-with-depression
#18
Laura Curren, Ilana Huz, Madison McKee, Lara Traeger, C Andres Bedoya, Trina E Chang, Paolo Cassano, Maurizio Fava, Jonathan Alpert, Albert Yeung, Stephen E Gilman, Nhi-Ha Trinh
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether a culturally focused psychiatric consultation program (CFP) for Latino Americans was equally effective in reducing depressive symptoms in English-speaking and Spanish-speaking patients. METHODS: The CFP utilizes the Engagement Interview Protocol (EIP), a semi-standardized protocol eliciting patient narratives about illness beliefs. The sample included 118 Latino American patients presenting with depressive symptoms. Patient-preferred primary language was examined as a moderator for the effect of CFP participation vs usual care on change in depressive symptoms...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697707/the-importance-of-paying-attention-to-relationships
#19
Richard Balon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373621/modafinil-associated-with-new-onset-obsessivecompulsive-disorder
#20
Jeannie D Lochhead, Michele A Nelson, Rimal Bera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
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