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Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738103/phobia-with-hallucinations-and-ptsd-can-amygdala-dysfunction-be-a-common-unified-lesion-in-the-rdoc-sense
#1
LaTonya Griffin, Nagy A Youssef
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738102/anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-presenting-as-a-primary-psychotic-disorder
#2
Michele A Nelson, Jeannie D Lochhead, Gerald A Maguire
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738101/psychiatric-symptoms-associated-with-porphyria-a-case-report-and-brief-review
#3
Manuel Santos, Subramoniam Madhusoodanan, Kunwar Kaur, Ronald Brenner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738100/multiple-neurotoxic-effects-of-haloperidol-resulting-in-neuronal-death
#4
Henry A Nasrallah, Alexander T Chen
BACKGROUND: Several published studies have reported an association between antipsychotic medications, especially first-generation agents, and a decline in gray matter volume. This prompted us to review the possible neurotoxic mechanisms of first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs), especially haloperidol, which has been widely used over the past several decades. METHODS: A PubMed search was conducted using the keywords haloperidol, antipsychotic, neurotoxicity, apoptosis, oxidative stress, and neuroplasticity...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738099/a-case-series-on-the-effectiveness-of-lurasidone-in-patients-with-stuttering
#5
Janet Charoensook, Gerald A Maguire
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of stuttering is approximately 1% of the population, affecting an estimated 3 million individuals in the United States. The dopamine hypothesis of stuttering explains that abnormally increased cerebral dopamine affects the balanced levels that maintain the basal ganglia circuits, which helps with timing cues in initiating speech. This is especially significant when considering treatment strategies. We report a reduction in stuttering with lurasidone, a potent D2 receptor antagonist with a relatively favorable adverse effects profile...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738098/somatization-disorder-and-somatoform-symptoms-in-systematically-studied-survivors-of-10-disasters
#6
Gus Zhang, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: There is little agreement about the association of somatization with exposure to disaster trauma in the existing literature. METHODS: Pre-disaster and post-disaster psychiatric disorders, somatization disorder, and individual somatoform (medically unexplained) symptoms were assessed with structured diagnostic interviews in 811 directly exposed survivors of 10 disasters. RESULTS: Only 1 individual met criteria for post-disaster somatization disorder; there were no incident cases...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738097/impact-of-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-internet-users
#7
Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Dan J Stein, Christine Lochner, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Internet use is pervasive in many cultures. Little is known about the impact of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) symptoms on impulsive and compulsive psychopathologies in people who use the Internet. METHODS: Adult Internet users (N = 1,323) completed an online questionnaire quantifying OCPD symptoms, likely occurrence of select mental disorders (obsessive-compulsive disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], problematic Internet use, generalized anxiety disorder), and personality questionnaires of impulsivity and compulsivity...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738096/the-placebo-effect-and-its-clinical-associations-in-gambling-disorder
#8
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Although gambling disorder is prevalent and functionally impairing, no FDA-approved medications exist for its treatment. The ability of clinical trials to detect the benefits of active treatment has been hindered by an unusually high placebo response. Virtually nothing is known about baseline clinical characteristics that might predict placebo response in those with gambling disorder. METHODS: Participants (N = 152) assigned to placebo were pooled from multiple double-blind trials of gambling disorder...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738095/a-clinically-useful-screen-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adult-psychiatric-outpatients
#9
Mark Zimmerman, Eugenia Gorlin, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminiski
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a serious illness that is frequently underdiagnosed in adults. The goal of this report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services project was to determine if it was possible to identify 1 or 2 ADHD criteria that could serve as "gate" criteria to screen for the disorder. METHODS: Psychiatric outpatients (N = 1,134) were evaluated using a semi-structured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV criteria of ADHD...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738094/has-psychopharmacology-entered-a-blind-alley
#10
Richard Balon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463347/treatment-of-refractory-psychogenic-polydipsia-with-lithium
#11
Marcia Unger, Glen Xiong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463346/an-algorithmic-approach-to-the-management-of-insomnia-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#12
Ridha Joober, Katherine Cole, Karim Tabbane, Diane B Boivin
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is an important problem in patients with schizophrenia and is an emerging area of interest for researchers. We propose a treatment algorithm that synthesizes the various psychological and pharmacological interventions for insomnia in this population. METHODS: Our selective literature review incorporates English language articles from 4 medicine databases through May 2016. Selected articles discuss risk factors and treatments for insomnia, as well as comorbid sleep disorders that coexist in this population...
May 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463345/the-intense-desire-for-healthy-limb-amputation-a-dis-proprioceptive-neuropsychiatric-disorder
#13
Mihir A Upadhyaya, Henry A Nasrallah
BACKGROUND: The first mention of a condition in which apparently nonpsychotic individuals have a strong, unrelenting desire to amputate ≥1 of their healthy limbs was published nearly 4 decades ago. Once dismissed as a paraphilia, the condition in recent years has been re-investigated with neurologic testing and imaging, yielding evidence suggesting it may be attributable to a neuroanatomical anomaly. METHODS: A literature review of data was conducted of recently published studies with pinprick testing, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/functional MRI imaging, magnetoencephalography, and interviews of individuals with a desire for limb amputation...
May 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463344/minimizing-weight-gain-for-patients-taking-antipsychotic-medications-the-potential-role-for-early-use-of-metformin
#14
Victoria Hendrick, Robert Dasher, Michael Gitlin, Mehrban Parsi
BACKGROUND: Patients taking antipsychotic medications are at high risk for weight gain, which in turn leads to poor health outcomes, nonadherence with treatment, and low self-esteem. METHODS: We reviewed published studies of pharmacologic interventions aimed at minimizing antipsychotic-induced weight gain. Treatments initiated prior to onset of weight gain were compared with those that started once weight gain already had occurred. RESULTS: Although data are limited, adjunctive medications for weight management appear to be more effective when initiated at or near the time when patients are first exposed to antipsychotic medications...
May 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463343/biological-treatment-of-acute-agitation-or-aggression-with-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder-in-the-inpatient-setting
#15
Christoph U Correll, Xin Yu, Yutao Xiang, John M Kane, Prakash Masand
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia and bipolar disorders are chronic illnesses that commonly present with symptoms of acute agitation and aggression. These symptoms must be managed rapidly to prevent potential harm to the patient and others, including their caregivers, peers, and health care workers. A number of treatment options are available to clinicians to manage acute agitation and aggression, including non-pharmacologic behavioral and environmental de-escalation strategies, as well as biological treatment options such as pharmacologic agents and electroconvulsive therapy...
May 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463342/what-about-burnout
#16
Richard Balon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207919/tardive-dyskinesia-21st-century-may-bring-new-treatments-to-a-forgotten-disorder
#17
Gopalkumar Rakesh, Andrew Muzyk, Steven T Szabo, Sanjay Gupta, Chi-Un Pae, Prakash Masand
BACKGROUND: Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a condition that was first described nearly 60 years ago. Despite the tremendous amount of research on pathophysiology and numerous follow-up studies to understand the course and prognosis of TD, effective treatment of the condition continued to elude us until recently. METHODS: We review and summarize clinical literature on TD, as well as provide an update on new treatments available. RESULTS: The emergence of tetrabenazine as a treatment modality decreased suffering and improved quality of life for patients...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207918/disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-and-its-effect-on-bipolar-disorder
#18
Shama Faheem, Victoria Petti, George Mellos
BACKGROUND: In the last few decades, a noticeable increase in the diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD) in youth has raised concerns, particularly because of a consequent increase in the use of psychotropic medications with adverse side effects. After observing the development of those youth into adulthood, clinicians and researchers have questioned the notion of expanding the diagnostic boundaries of BD to encapsulate these youth. METHODS: Our research is aimed at gleaning further information on disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) and to observe whether its introduction has affected the rates of BD in children and adolescents...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207917/the-role-of-ect-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review
#19
Nagy A Youssef, W Vaughn McCall, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with a high burden of disability and mortality and frequently is treatment resistant. There is little to offer patients who are not responding to standard interventions. Thus, the objective of this report is to systematically review human data on whether electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective in PTSD. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review from 1958 through August 2016 for clinical studies and case reports published in English examining the efficacy of ECT in improving PTSD symptoms...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207916/principal-diagnoses-in-psychiatric-outpatients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-implications-for-screening-recommendations
#20
Mark Zimmerman, Iwona Chelminski, Kristy Dalrymple, Lia Rosenstein
BACKGROUND: In the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services project, we examined how often borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the principal diagnosis in patients presenting for outpatient psychiatric treatment. To inform clinicians when it is most productive to screen for BPD, we examined the prevalence of BPD in psychiatric outpatients with different principal diagnoses. METHODS: In this study, 3,674 psychiatric outpatients were evaluated with a semi-structured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV BPD...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
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