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Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207919/tardive-dyskinesia-21st-century-may-bring-new-treatments-to-a-forgotten-disorder
#1
Gopalkumar Rakesh, Andrew Muzyk, Steven T Szabo, Sanjay Gupta, Chi-Un Pae, Prakash Masand
BACKGROUND: Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a condition that was first described nearly 60 years ago. Despite the tremendous amount of research on pathophysiology and numerous follow-up studies to understand the course and prognosis of TD, effective treatment of the condition continued to elude us until recently. METHODS: We review and summarize clinical literature on TD, as well as provide an update on new treatments available. RESULTS: The emergence of tetrabenazine as a treatment modality decreased suffering and improved quality of life for patients...
February 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207918/disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-and-its-effect-on-bipolar-disorder
#2
Shama Faheem, Victoria Petti, George Mellos
BACKGROUND: In the last few decades, a noticeable increase in the diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD) in youth has raised concerns, particularly because of a consequent increase in the use of psychotropic medications with adverse side effects. After observing the development of those youth into adulthood, clinicians and researchers have questioned the notion of expanding the diagnostic boundaries of BD to encapsulate these youth. METHODS: Our research is aimed at gleaning further information on disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) and to observe whether its introduction has affected the rates of BD in children and adolescents...
February 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207917/the-role-of-ect-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review
#3
Nagy A Youssef, W Vaughn McCall, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with a high burden of disability and mortality and frequently is treatment resistant. There is little to offer patients who are not responding to standard interventions. Thus, the objective of this report is to systematically review human data on whether electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective in PTSD. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review from 1958 through August 2016 for clinical studies and case reports published in English examining the efficacy of ECT in improving PTSD symptoms...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207916/principal-diagnoses-in-psychiatric-outpatients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-implications-for-screening-recommendations
#4
Mark Zimmerman, Iwona Chelminski, Kristy Dalrymple, Lia Rosenstein
BACKGROUND: In the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services project, we examined how often borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the principal diagnosis in patients presenting for outpatient psychiatric treatment. To inform clinicians when it is most productive to screen for BPD, we examined the prevalence of BPD in psychiatric outpatients with different principal diagnoses. METHODS: In this study, 3,674 psychiatric outpatients were evaluated with a semi-structured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV BPD...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207915/suicidal-and-death-ideation-among-adults-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-presenting-for-intensive-intervention
#5
Eric A Storch, Brian Kay, Monica S Wu, Joshua M Nadeau, Bradley Riemann
BACKGROUND: This study examined the frequency and relation of death and/or suicidal ideation to treatment response in 101 adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) presenting for intensive intervention. METHODS: Within 2 days of admission to an intensive treatment program, 101 adults with OCD completed the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale-Self Report, Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self Report, Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale, Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, and Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire-Short Form, and were administered the Columbia Suicide Scale by a trained clinician...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207914/memories-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-the-process-of-change
#6
Matan White, David E Pollio, Barry A Hong, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: One in 4 U.S. women experience intimate partner violence (IPV) during their lives. Despite the magnitude of this problem, little is known about the natural history of relationships involving IPV and how women exit them. METHODS: Narrative interviews were conducted using open-ended qualitative narrative techniques with a convenience sample of 7 women who had ended a relationship of ≥6 months' duration involving IPV at least 6 months ago. The interviews were audio recorded and transcribed...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207913/differentiating-residual-symptoms-of-depression-from-adverse-events-among-patients-initiating-treatment-with-an-antidepressant
#7
Marlene P Freeman, Lauren Fisher, Alisabet Clain, Richard Rabbitt, James Pooley, Lee Baer, Maurizio Fava
BACKGROUND: In treated patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), residual symptoms are common and challenging to disentangle from possible antidepressant side effects. Our objective was to prospectively differentiate between rates of residual symptoms and treatment-emergent side effects. METHODS: Participants in an episode of MDD were enrolled in a 6-week trial of an antidepressant. Assessments occurred at baseline and after 6 weeks of treatment, using the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology Self-Report (QIDS-SR) and the Massachusetts General Hospital Cognitive and Physical Functioning Questionnaire (MGH CPFQ)...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207912/fear-conditioning-and-extinction-in-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#8
Daniel A Geller, Joseph F McGuire, Scott P Orr, Daniel S Pine, Jennifer C Britton, Brent J Small, Tanya K Murphy, Sabine Wilhelm, Eric A Storch
BACKGROUND: Fear acquisition and extinction are central constructs in the cognitive-behavioral model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), which underlies exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy. Youths with OCD may have impairments in fear acquisition and extinction that carry treatment implications. METHODS: Eighty youths (39 OCD, 41 healthy controls [HC]) completed clinical interviews, rating scales, and a differential conditioning task that included habituation, acquisition, and extinction phases...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207911/the-opioid-epidemic-and-us
#9
Richard Balon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901522/the-effect-of-remission-status-on-work-functioning-in-employed-patients-treated-for-major-depressive-disorder
#10
David Sarfati, Kurtis Stewart, Cindy Woo, Sagar V Parikh, Lakshmi N Yatham, Raymond W Lam
BACKGROUND: The ability to function at work is impaired in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) but few clinical trials include occupational outcome assessments. This study examined whether symptom remission following treatment for MDD is associated with work functioning improvement. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of a 12-week randomized clinical trial comparing escitalopram with or without telephone-administered cognitive therapy in employed patients with MDD (N = 86)...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901521/electronic-cigarette-use-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-prevalence-and-attitudes
#11
Brian J Miller, Alexandre Wang, Joyce Wong, Nina Paletta, Peter F Buckley
BACKGROUND: Smoking is highly prevalent in patients with schizophrenia. Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are becoming increasingly popular among smokers. Surveys indicate overall favorable attitudes toward the use of e-cigarettes to reduce or quit smoking, relieve withdrawal symptoms, and with respect to perceived health risks; however, less is known about their use in patients with schizophrenia. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of and attitudes toward e-cigarettes in patients with schizophrenia...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901520/depot-antipsychotics-where-do-we-stand
#12
Ahsan Y Khan, Salman Salaria, Muhammad Ovais, George D Ide
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to medication is a major problem for patients with schizophrenia. To counter this problem, pharmaceutical companies began developing depot antipsychotics. Although there are currently 5 first-generation and 6 second-generation depot antipsychotics available worldwide, many physicians are still reluctant to use this category of drug initially. This review provides the latest information about the use of depot antipsychotics in schizophrenia treatment as well as several studies in support of depot antipsychotic use as first-line treatment for patients with schizophrenia...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901519/predictors-of-comorbid-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-skin-picking-disorder-in-trichotillomania
#13
Nancy J Keuthen, Erin E Curley, Jeremiah M Scharf, Douglas W Woods, Christine Lochner, Dan J Stein, Esther S Tung, Erica Greenberg, S Evelyn Stewart, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Trichotillomania (TTM), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and skin-picking disorder (SPD) frequently occur together and share overlapping phenomenology, pathophysiology, and possible genetic underpinnings. This study sought to identify factors that predict OCD and SPD in hair pullers. METHODS: Five hundred fifty-five adult female hair pullers were recruited from specialty clinics and assessed using standardized, semi-structured interviews and self-reports...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901518/life-events-substance-use-psychological-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-male-and-female-french-gamblers
#14
Ce Line Bonnaire, Vivianne Kovess, Romain Guignard, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Enguerrand Du-Roscoat, Franc Ois Beck
BACKGROUND: Most studies on substance use, psychological distress, quality of life (QoL), and life events among gamblers are carried out on pathological gamblers seeking treatment, and sex differences are rarely investigated. The aim of this study was to explore the potential male-female differences in the relationship between these variables in a nationally representative French sample. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-two problem gamblers (PGs) and 25,314 non-problem gamblers or non-gamblers (NPGs) were evaluated for sociodemographic variables, gambling behavior, substance use, QoL, and life events...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901517/ideomotor-limb-apraxia-as-a-staging-tool-in-individuals-with-alzheimer-s-disease-iliad
#15
William D Soulsby, Nezar El-Ruwie, Shravan Gatla, Katelyn Anderson Zimmer, Safa Najmi, Alexander Chen, John T Chibnall, George T Grossberg
BACKGROUND: Ideomotor apraxia (IMA) is known to affect individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Combined with impaired cognitive function, IMA can support evidence of probable AD. However, apraxia is a condition that is difficult to diagnose. The Postural Knowledge Test (PKT), developed by Mozaz et al, was designed to easily identify limb apraxia in multiple sclerosis yet demonstrated potential utility for AD. ILIAD is a pilot study to investigate correlation between the PKT and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901516/psychotropic-drug-changes-contributing-to-readmissions-in-medically-hospitalized-psychiatric-patients-a-retrospective-study
#16
Subramoniam Madhusoodanan, Biling Xu, Srikanth Prayaga, Piotr Slowik, Ronald Brenner, Wallace Thomas, Natalie Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Psychotropic drug changes during medical hospitalizations may lead to psychiatric and medical readmissions. METHODS: One-year hospitalization records of nursing home patients with chronic mental illness and a psychotropic drug change during medical admission were reviewed. We calculated the readmission rates for 30, 60, and 90 days; the classes of the psychotropic drugs changed; the reason for change; and the specialties of the responsible physicians...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901515/neurocognitive-and-clinical-correlates-of-gambling-behavior-based-on-mode-of-gambling
#17
Eric W Leppink, Austin W Blum, Samuel Chamberlain, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Gambling opportunities have expanded greatly in recent years, with ever-increasing availability via the internet as well as land-based options (eg, casinos). Although some research suggests that internet gamblers have higher rates of disordered gambling than land-based only gamblers, the clinical and cognitive importance of these findings is unknown. METHODS: We recruited 542 young adults (age 18 to 29) and compared land- based only (n = 385 [70.8%]) and mixed internet/land-based gamblers (LBGs) (n = 157 [28...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901514/the-madness-of-medical-marijuana-and-marijuana-legalization
#18
Richard Balon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490838/dsm-5-defined-attenuated-psychosis-syndrome-and-conversion-to-full-scale-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-an-institution-wide-retrospective-review
#19
Zachary Zuschlag, Alyssa Kennedy, Jeffrey Korte, Laura Franko-Tobin, Karen Hartwell, Mark Hamner
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to determine if DSM-5-defined attenuated psychosis syndrome (APS) could identify individuals with prodromal psychosis and predict conversion to schizophrenia spectrum disorders at a rate similar to that observed in previous studies that utilized structured interviews and specialized rating scales. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients' medical records was used to identify individuals meeting diagnostic criteria for the APS, followed by further evaluation 2 to 3 years after the initial diagnosis, to determine if they converted to schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490837/anxiety-or-agitation-in-mood-disorder-with-mixed-features-a-review-with-a-focus-on-validity-as-a-dimensional-criterion
#20
In Hee Shim, Dong Sik Bae, Won-Myong Bahk
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic validity of mixed features, excluding anxiety or psychomotor agitation in mood disorders, has not yet been fully examined. METHOD: PubMed and relevant English-language literature (regardless of year) were searched. Keywords were mixed or mixed state or mixed features or mixed episode and anxious or anxiety or agitation and bipolar disorder or depressive disorder or mood disorder or affective disorder. RESULTS: Most studies on anxiety or psychomotor agitation have included a significant correlation relevant to the "with mixed features" specifier, although it is common in both poles of mood episodes regardless of the predominant polarity...
August 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
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