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Teaching and Learning in Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098483/academic-performance-on-first-year-medical-school-exams-how-well-does-it-predict-later-performance-on-knowledge-based-and-clinical-assessments
#1
Edward Krupat, Stephen R Pelletier, Jules L Dienstag
Number of appearances in the bottom quartile of 1st-year medical school exams were used to represent the extent to which students were having academic difficulties. Medical educators have long expressed a desire to have indicators of medical student performance that have strong predictive validity. Predictors traditionally used fell into 4 general categories: demographic (e.g., gender), other background factors (e.g., college major), performance/aptitude (e.g., medical college admission test scores), and noncognitive factors (e...
January 18, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051893/shame-in-medical-education-a-randomized-study-of-the-acquisition-of-intimate-examination-skills-and-its-effect-on-subsequent-performance
#2
Wolf E Hautz, Therese Schröder, Katja A Dannenberg, Maren März, Henrike Hölzer, Olaf Ahlers, Anke Thomas
THEORY: Although medical students are exposed to a variety of emotions, the impact of emotions on learning has received little attention so far. Shame-provoking intimate examinations are among the most memorable events for students. Their emotions, however, are rarely addressed during training, potentially leading to withdrawal and avoidance and, consequently, performance deficits. However, emotions of negative valance such as shame may be particularly valuable for learning, as they might prompt mental rehearsal...
January 4, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051890/journal-watch-from-ace-alliance-for-clinical-education-review-of-medical-education-articles-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-2013-2015
#3
Brittany Star Hampton, Archana Pradhan, Jodi Abbott, Samantha D Buery-Joyner, LaTasha B Craig, David Forstein, Laura Hopkins, Abigail Wolf, Sarah M Page-Ramsey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051889/race-ethnicity-in-medical-education-an-analysis-of-a-question-bank-for-step-1-of-the-united-states-medical-licensing-examination
#4
Kelsey Ripp, Lundy Braun
: Phenomenon: There is growing concern over racial/ethnic bias in clinical care, yet how best to reduce bias remains challenging, in part because the sources of bias in medical education are poorly understood. One possible source is the routinized use of race/ethnicity in lectures, assessment, and preparatory materials, including question banks for licensing examinations. Because students worldwide use question banks to prepare for the United States Medical Licensing Examination, we examined how race/ethnicity was used in one of the most commonly recommended question banks...
January 4, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033488/medical-student-perspectives-of-active-learning-a-focus-group-study
#5
Anne Walling, Kathryn Istas, Giulia A Bonaminio, Anthony M Paolo, Joseph D Fontes, Nancy Davis, Benito A Berardo
: Phenomenon: Medical student perspectives were sought about active learning, including concerns, challenges, perceived advantages and disadvantages, and appropriate role in the educational process. APPROACH: Focus groups were conducted with students from all years and campuses of a large U.S. state medical school. FINDINGS: Students had considerable experience with active learning prior to medical school and conveyed accurate understanding of the concept and its major strategies...
December 29, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033485/acculturation-needs-of-pediatric-international-medical-graduates-a-qualitative-study
#6
Amanda D Osta, Michelle M Barnes, Regina Pessagno, Alan Schwartz, Laura E Hirshfield
: Phenomenon: International medical graduates (IMGs) play a key role in host countries' health systems but face unique challenges, which makes effective, tailored support for IMGs essential. Prior literature describing the acculturation needs of IMGs focused primarily on communication content and style. We conducted a qualitative study to explore acculturation that might be specific to IMG residents who care for children. APPROACH: In a study conducted from November 2011 to April 2012, we performed four 90-minute semistructured focus groups with 26 pediatric IMG residents from 12 countries...
December 29, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033472/obesity-coverage-on-medical-licensing-examinations-in-the-united-states-what-is-being-tested
#7
Robert F Kushner, W Scott Butsch, Scott Kahan, Sriram Machineni, Stephen Cook, Louis J Aronne
: Phenomenon. As one of the most common chronic disease affecting adults and children, obesity is a major contributor to noncommunicable diseases, both nationally and globally. Obesity adversely affects every organ system, and as such it is imperative that the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) adequately assesses students' knowledge about the science and practice of obesity management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the coverage and distribution of obesity-related items on the three USMLE Step examinations...
December 29, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001442/-it-s-just-not-the-culture-a-qualitative-study-exploring-residents-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-institutional-culture-on-feedback
#8
Subha Ramani, Sarah E Post, Karen Könings, Karen Mann, Joel T Katz, Cees van der Vleuten
: Phenomenon: Competency-based medical education requires ongoing performance-based feedback for professional growth. In several studies, medical trainees report that the quality of faculty feedback is inadequate. Sociocultural barriers to feedback exchanges are further amplified in graduate and postgraduate medical education settings, where trainees serve as frontline providers of patient care. Factors that affect institutional feedback culture, enhance feedback seeking, acceptance, and bidirectional feedback warrant further exploration in these settings...
December 21, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001436/teaching-resident-self-assessment-through-triangulation-of-faculty-and-patient-feedback
#9
Drew M Keister, Susan E Hansen, Julie Dostal
PROBLEM: To accurately determine one's ability in any clinical competency, an individual must be able to self-assess performance and identify personal limitations. Existing research demonstrates that physicians of all levels are unreliable self-assessors. This poses a concern in medical practice, which requires continuous updates to clinical competencies and awareness of personal limitations. Few published studies examine graduate medical education curricula designed to develop self-assessment skills...
December 21, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997224/implementing-peer-learning-in-clinical-education-a-framework-to-address-challenges-in-the-real-world
#10
Joanna Hong Meng Tai, Benedict J Canny, Terry P Haines, Elizabeth K Molloy
: Phenomenon: Peer learning has many benefits and can assist students in gaining the educational skills required in future years when they become teachers themselves. Peer learning may be particularly useful in clinical learning environments, where students report feeling marginalized, overwhelmed, and unsupported. Educational interventions often fail in the workplace environment, as they are often conceived in the "ideal" rather than the complex, messy real world. This work sought to explore barriers and facilitators to implementing peer learning activities in a clinical curriculum...
December 20, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997222/empathy-in-medical-students-is-moderated-by-openness-to-spirituality
#11
Rodolfo F Damiano, Lisabeth F DiLalla, Giancarlo Lucchetti, J Kevin Dorsey
THEORY: Empathy is one component of medical student education that may be important to nurture, but there are many potential psychological barriers to empathy, such as student depression, burnout, and low quality of life or wellness behaviors. However, few studies have addressed how positive behaviors such as wellness and spirituality, in combination with these barriers, might affect empathy. HYPOTHESES: We hypothesized a negative relationship between psychological distress and empathy, and a positive relationship between empathy and wellness behaviors...
December 20, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824260/underrepresented-minorities-in-medical-school-admissions-a-qualitative-study
#12
Margaret A Hadinger
: Phenomenon: This study explored Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino medical students' perceptions of the medical school admissions process. Previous research has explored other elements of the medical education continuum. However, little is known regarding minorities' perceptions of navigating the medical school admissions process. To address this gap in the literature, this exploratory study suggests a conceptual model describing why minorities apply to medical school and the influences affecting their admissions experience...
November 8, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813688/the-health-professions-education-pathway-preparing-students-residents-and-fellows-to-become-future-educators
#13
H Carrie Chen, Maria A Wamsley, Amin Azzam, Katherine Julian, David M Irby, Patricia S O'Sullivan
PROBLEM: Training the next generation of health professionals requires leaders, innovators, and scholars in education. Although many medical schools and residencies offer education electives or tracks focused on developing teaching skills, these programs often omit educational innovation, scholarship, and leadership and are narrowly targeted to one level of learner. INTERVENTION: The University of California San Francisco created the Health Professions Education Pathway for medical students, residents, and fellows as well as learners from other health professional schools...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813682/challenges-in-translation-lessons-from-using-business-pedagogy-to-teach-leadership-in-undergraduate-medicine
#14
Dani C Cadieux, Lorelei Lingard, Daniela Kwiatkowski, Teresa Van Deven, Murray Bryant, Gary Tithecott
PROBLEM: Leadership is increasingly recognized as a core physician competency required for quality patient care, continual system improvement, and optimal healthcare team performance. Consequently, integration of leadership into medical school curriculum is becoming a priority. This raises the question of the appropriate context, timing, and pedagogy for conveying this competency to medical students. INTERVENTION: Our program introduced a 1-week leadership course grounded in business pedagogy to Year 1 medical students...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813672/high-frequency-learning-goals-using-self-regulated-learning-to-influence-day-to-day-practice-in-clinical-education
#15
Douglas P Larsen, Robert T Naismith, Mathew Margolis
PROBLEM: Although self-regulated learning (SRL) is considered a fundamental skill that must be developed in physician training, many programs of SRL utilize learning goals that are generated only at the beginning of learning experiences or are widely spaced apart in time. These goals are often not formally shared with those actually working with the learner in the clinical setting. INTERVENTION: We developed a program of written, student-generated weekly learning goals in which students focused on processes of becoming better doctors for their patients...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813660/building-collaboration-a-scoping-review-of-cultural-competency-and-safety-education-and-training-for-healthcare-students-and-professionals-in-canada
#16
Olivia Guerra, Donna Kurtz
: Phenomenon: This scoping literature review summarizes current Canadian health science education and training aimed to lessen health gaps between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples. APPROACH: Keyword searches of peer-reviewed and gray literature databases, websites, and resources recommended by local Aboriginal community members identified 1,754 resources. Using specific inclusion and exclusion criteria, 26 resources relevant to education and training of healthcare professionals and students in Canada were selected...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700253/keeping-the-conversation-going
#17
Anna T Cianciolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700252/done-or-almost-done-improving-osce-checklists-to-better-capture-performance-in-progress-tests
#18
Debra Pugh, Samantha Halman, Isabelle Desjardins, Susan Humphrey-Murto, Timothy J Wood
: Construct: The impact of using nonbinary checklists for scoring residents from different levels of training participating in objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) progress tests was explored. BACKGROUND: OSCE progress tests typically employ similar rating instruments as traditional OSCEs. However, progress tests differ from other assessment modalities because learners from different stages of training participate in the same examination, which can pose challenges when deciding how to assign scores...
October 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700251/what-s-in-a-transition-an-integrative-perspective-on-transitions-in-medical-education
#19
Jorie M Colbert-Getz, Steven Baumann, Kerri Shaffer, Sara Lamb, Janet E Lindsley, Robert Rainey, Kristin Randall, Danielle Roussel, Adam Stevenson, Anna T Cianciolo, Tyler Maines, Bridget O'Brien, Michael Westerman
This Conversation Starters article presents a selected research abstract from the 2016 Association of American Medical Colleges Western Region Group on Educational Affairs annual spring meeting. The abstract is paired with the integrative commentary of three experts who shared their thoughts stimulated by the needs assessment study. These thoughts explore how the general theoretical mechanisms of transition may be integrated with cognitive load theory in order to design interventions and environments that foster transition...
October 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700250/exploring-the-role-of-peer-advice-in-self-regulated-learning-metacognitive-social-and-environmental-factors
#20
Hanin Rashid, Robert Lebeau, Norma Saks, Anna T Cianciolo, Anthony R Artino, Judy A Shea, Olle Ten Cate
This Conversation Starters article presents a selected research abstract from the 2016 Association of American Medical Colleges Northeast Region Group on Educational Affairs annual spring meeting. The abstract is paired with the integrative commentary of three experts who shared their thoughts stimulated by the pilot study. These thoughts explore the metacognitive, social, and environmental mechanisms whereby advice plays a role in self-regulated learning.
October 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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