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Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Ali Moradi, Hamid Soori, Amir Kavousi, Farshid Eshghabadi, Ensiyeh Jamshidi, Salahdien Zeini
Background: More than 20% of deaths from traffic crashes are related to pedestrians. This figure in Tehran, the capital of Iran, reaches to 40%. This study aimed to determine the high-risk areas and spatially analyze the traffic crashes, causing death to pedestrians in Tehran. Methods: Mapping was used to display the distribution of the crashes. Determining the distribution pattern of crashes and the hot spots/ low-risk areas were done, using Moran's I index and Getis-Ord G, respectively. Results: A total of 198 crashes were studied; 92 of which, (46...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Shaghayegh Omidvar, Zahra Jafari, Saeid Mahmoudian, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Mohsen Ahadi, Nasrin Yazdani
Background: The possible role of cochlear function in tinnitus generation is still a matter of debate. To assess the role of outer hair cell dysfunction in tinnitus and its possible relationship with ultra-high frequency (UHF) hearing sensitivity, transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) and UHF hearing thresholds were investigated in normal hearing individuals with and without tinnitus. Methods: Eighteen individuals with tinnitus and 22 without tinnitus participated in this study. TEOAE was recorded with click stimulus at 80 dBpeSPL...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Ghobad Moradi, Farideh Mostafavi, Namamali Azadi, Nader Esmaeilnasab, Bijan Nouri
Background: Screen time (ST), including watching television and playing electronic games are the leading cause of a growing obesity epidemic. This study aimed to evaluate ST and its association with physical activity, overweight and socioeconomic status (SES) in children 10 to 12 years of age in Sanandaj. Methods: This study was designed as a cross-sectional study, which was conducted in Sanandaj in 2015. ST and physical activity data were collected using the Modifiable Activity Questionnaire (MAQ). Overweight indices are defined based on BMI age- and gender-specific percentiles, as proposed by WHO criteria...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Maryam Ramezanian, Joaquim Soares, Hamid Khankeh, Gloria Macassa
Background: Socioeconomic status has been found to have a significant impact on the health as well as risk behaviors of adolescents across different contexts. This study was conducted to assess the effect of social relations adjusted by social class on physical and psychological well-being of adolescences in Teheran, Iran. Methods: This was a cross- sectional study and carried out on 1,742 adolescences living in Tehran during 2011. Adolescences were selected, using proportional stratified sampling method and a questionnaire was filled over an interview for data gathering...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Masoud Mehrpour, Salameh Taghipour, Sahar Abdollahi, Fatemeh Oliaee, Azin Goran, Mohamadreza Motamed, Rezan Ashayeri
Background: Firoozgar Comprehensive Stroke Center started up as the first organized care unit in the country in 2014; this study was performed to investigate quality indicators such as reduction in mortality, morbidity and hospital stay. Methods: Two groups of ischemic stroke patients were compared. The first group had been admitted in general neurology ward (non-stroke unit patients) and the second one received specialized stroke care in the stroke unit within a period of two years (stroke unit patients). Non-stroke unit patients were selected from a pool of patients admitted two years before establishment of stroke unit...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Abbas Abbasi-Ghahramanloo, Sepideh Soltani, Ali Gholami, Mohammadreza Erfani, Somayeh Yosaee
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a combination of coronary heart disease and diabetes mellitus risk factor, refer to one of the most challenging public health issues in worldwide. The aim of this study was to identify the subgroups of participants in a study on the basis of MetS components. Methods: The cross-sectional study took place in the districts related to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The randomly selected sample consists of 415 subjects. All participants provided written informed consent...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Towhid Babazadeh, Aziz Kamran, Abdollah Dargahi, Fatemeh Moradi, Fariba Shariat, Hamed Rezakhani Moghaddam
Background: Skin cancer is a serious public health problem in the world. Its prevalence in many countries has been increased in recent years. This study aimed to assess the effects of a theory-based educational intervention to promote skin cancer preventive behaviors (SCPBs) among rural farmers in Chalderan County, Iran. Methods: This was a quasi-randomized controlled field trial study conducted on 238 rural farmers. The data were collected by a questionnaire containing the constructs of the Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) as well as the items of SCPBs...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Minoo Yaghmaei, Shahram Yazdani, Soleiman Ahmady
The aim of this study was to show the interaction between the society, applicants and medical schools in terms of medical student selection. In this study, the trends to implement social factors in the selection process were highlighted. These social factors were explored through functionalism and conflict theories, each focusing on different categories of social factors. While functionalist theorists pay attention to diversity in the selection process, conflict theorists highlight the importance of socio-economic class...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Sepideh Kazemi, Soroor Parvizy, Rasha Atlasi, Hamid R Baradaran
Background: Type 1 diabetes is one of the chronic metabolic disorders among children and adolescents. Peers are also important units in diabetes management through adolescence. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of peer-based intervention in managing type 1 diabetes mellitus among children and adolescents. Methods: Searching articles published prior to December 2013 in PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane library, Science Direct, Google scholar, CINAHL and Scopus, we found 8,548 publications. The first reviewer critically appraised the retrieved articles, using the CONSORT and the TREND checklists and then the second-assessor checked them...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Javad Nasseryan, Ebrahim Hajizadeh, Aliakbar Rasekhi, Hassan Ahangar
Background: The incidence of restenosis in patients suffering from coronary artery disease after undergoing angioplasty is of paramount importance. Accordingly, this study aimed to investigate factors affecting the time of the first incidence of restenosis in patients undergone angioplasty in the city of Zanjan, Iran. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on 421 patients who referred to Ayatollah Musavi hospital in Zanjan for angioplasty during 2009 to 2012. The time of the incidence of restenosis after angioplasty constituted the dependent variable of the study...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Maryam Mohammadian-Khoshnoud, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Javad Faradmal, Mahnaz Yavangi
Background: Birth weight and gestational age are two important variables in obstetric research. The primary measure of gestational age is based on a mother's recall of her last menstrual period. This recall may cause random or systematic errors. Therefore, the objective of this study is to utilize Bayesian mixture model in order to identify implausible gestational age. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, medical documents of 502 preterm infants born and hospitalized in Hamadan Fatemieh Hospital from 2009 to 2013 were gathered...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Roshanak Benabbas
Background: Empathy is an important element of physician-patient communication. Empathy is linked to a number of attributes such as patient treatment compliance and satisfaction, better history taking and physical examination and therefore achieving better clinical outcomes. Previous research indicates that self-reported empathy among medical students declines during the course of their medical education and this decrease in empathy particularly happens when students enter clinical training. Very limited data is available on the concept of empathy among Iranian medical students...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Alireza Monajemi, Minoo Yaghmaei
Most contemporary clinical reasoning tests typically assess non-automatic thinking. Therefore, a test is needed to measure automatic reasoning or pattern recognition, which has been largely neglected in clinical reasoning tests. The Puzzle Test (PT) is dedicated to assess automatic clinical reasoning in routine situations. This test has been introduced first in 2009 by Monajemi et al in the Olympiad for Medical Sciences Students.PT is an item format that has gained acceptance in medical education, but no detailed guidelines exist for this test's format, construction and scoring...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Hamid Reza Koohestani, Nayereh Baghcheghi
Background: Team-based learning is a structured type of cooperative learning that is becoming increasingly more popular in nursing education. This study compares levels of nursing students' perception of the psychosocial climate of the classroom between conventional lecture group and team-based learning group. Methods: In a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest design 38 nursing students of second year participated. One half of the 16 sessions of cardiovascular disease nursing course sessions was taught by lectures and the second half with team-based learning...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Alireza Olyaeemanesh, Reza Majdzadeh
Iran's health system is in the serious need of reconstructing its infrastructures, a significant part of which is health technologies. An untapped market of 80 million people will be open to technologies of the world through Iran's entry to post-sanctions era. Health Technology Assessment projects date back to nearly eight years ago in Iran. However, given the current circumstances, its application for selecting technologies is needed more than ever.
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Nahid Jalilevand, Mohammad Kamali, Yahya Modarresi, Yalda Kazemi
Background: Developmental Sentence Scoring (DSS) was developed as a numerical measurement and a clinical method based on the morphosyntactic acquisition in the English language. The aim of this study was to develop a new numerical tool similar to DSS to assess the morphosyntactic abilities in Persian-speaking children. Methods: In this cross-sectional and comparative study, the language samples of 115 typically developing Persian-speaking children aged 30 - 65 months were audio recorded during the free play and picture description sessions...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Naser Havaei, Mandana Rezaei, Hamid Reza Rostami
Background: Dysgraphia as a problem with handwriting, affects student's performance in school activities and participation. The purpose of the study was to compare dexterity and two-point discrimination of the hand between learning disabled students with dysgraphia and healthy students. Methods: Forty-three students with developmental dysgraphia and 55 normal students in grade two to four from special and regular schools participated in this study. Hand dexterity and static/dynamic discriminative touch were assessed via Purdue Pegboard and Two-Point Discriminator respectively...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Poupak Rahimzadeh, Farnad Imani, Azadeh Sayarifard, Sara Sayarifard, Seyed Hamid Reza Faiz
Background: Postoperative pain is one of the major problems in patients with femoral or hip fracture. Current study investigates the effect of 0.2% and 0.3% bupivacaine in ultrasound-guided fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) on postoperative pain. Methods: This randomized clinical trial study was conducted in Rasoul Akram Hospital of Iran University of Medical Sciences. Forty-eight patients with femoral or hip fractures who were candidates for surgery underwent FICB, divided into two groups receiving bupivacaine in 0...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Shayesteh Shirzadi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Haidar Nadrian, Hassan Mahmoodi
Background: Adolescence is a critical stage of growth and development. That is associated with changes in body shape and appearance. Issues such as irregular menstrual periods, amenorrhea, and menstrual cycle are major issues in women's health. The purpose of this study was to examine the determinants of physical puberty health based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) among female adolescents. Methods: This analytical cross sectional study was conducted in welfare boarding centers in Tehran, Iran. Data were collected in 2011 by a structured and valid questionnaire...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Mostafa Qorbani, Roya Kelishadi, Shirin Djalalinia, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Amir Kasaeian, Gelayol Ardalan, Gita Shafiee, Omid Safari, Ramin Heshmat, Sadegh Baradaran Mahdavi
Background: This study aimed to assess the pattern of hygienic behaviors of Iranian children and adolescents at national and sub-national levels according to the socioeconomic status (SES) of their living region. Methods: Data were obtained from the fourth national school-based surveillance survey entitled, "CASPIANIV study" (2011-2012). It was conducted among 14,880 students, aged 6-18 years, who were selected by multistage random cluster sampling from 30 provinces in Iran. We used the World Health Organization Global School-based Student Health Survey (WHO- GSHS) questionnaire...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
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