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Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Masoud Mirzaei, Mehran Karimi, Shima Beheshti, Masoud Mohammadi
Background: The prevalence of asthma and allergy has increased during the last decades, especially in children. However, little is known about it in the Middle East region. This systematic review is aimed to estimate the prevalence of asthma among the Middle Eastern children. Methods: Local and international scientific databases including SID, Iranmedex, Medline and Science Direct were systematically searched for relevant keywords including; asthma, prevalence, children, International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISACC) and the names of Middle Eastern countries for the period of 1996-2011...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Maryam Aalaa, Mahnaz Sanjari, Samimeh Shahbazi, Zahra Shayeganmehr, Maryam Abooeirad, Mohammad Reza Amini, Hossien Adibi, Neda Mehrdad
Diabetes mellitus as one of the most common metabolic disorders has some complications, one of the main ones is diabetic foot (DF). Appropriate care and education prevents 85% of diabetic foot amputations. An ideal management to prevent and treat diabetic foot necessitates a close collaboration between the health team members and the diabetic patient. Therefore, improving nurses' knowledge about DF care and advancement in the quality of care provided by the nurses could significantly improve diabetic foot prevention and management...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Parsa Yousefi Chaijan, Fatemeh Dorreh, Mojtaba Sharafkhah, Mohammad Amiri, Mohsen Ebrahimimonfared, Mohammad Rafeie, Fatemeh Safi
Background: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH), as one of the most common congenital endocrine disorders, may be significantly associated with congenital malformations. This study investigates urogenital abnormalities in children with primary CH (PCH). Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 200 children aged three months to 1 year, referred to Amir-Kabir Hospital, Arak, Iran. One hundred children with PCH, as the case group, and 100 healthy children, as the control group, were selected using convenient sampling...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Seyed Aliakbar Faghihi, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Seyed Jalil Hosseini, Seyed Kamran Soltani Arabshahi, Zahra Faghih, Mandana Shirazi
Background: Traditional approaches in Continuing Medical Education (CME) appear to be ineffective in any improvement of the patients' care, reducing the medical errors, and/or altering physicians' behaviors. However, they are still executed by the CME providers, and are popular among the majority of the physicians. In this study, we aimed to explore the parameters involved in the degree of effectiveness of CME program in Iran. Methods: In this study, 31 participants, consisting of general practitioners, CME experts and providers were recruited to participate in in-depth interviews and field observations concerning experiences with CME...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Sedigheh Saedi, Mona Noroozi, Naghmeh Khosrotabar, Shadi Mazandarani, Behshid Ghadrdoost
Background: Restricted intakes of saturated and trans-fatty acids and replacement with poly or monounsaturated fatty acids are emphasized in healthy diets. This study evaluates the effects of a six-month consumption of canola oil compared to sunflower oil on lipid profile and anthropometric parameters of people affected by dyslipidemia. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 96 patients with dyslipidemia, who were randomly assigned into canola oil or the sunflower oil groups. The participants were instructed to record the contents of their daily meals, beverages, fruits, and snacks a day before treatment, at the second clinic visit, in the third month, and at the end of study (i...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Hossein Mobaraki, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Ali Sarabi Asiabar, Aziz Rezapour, Mohammad Hossein Kafaei Mehr, Saeed Emamgolizadeh
Background: No clear evidence is available on the cost-effectiveness of eplerenone in treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Thus, the present study aimed at systematically reviewing studies that have investigated this issue. Methods: This systematic review study was conducted in 2016. The required information were collected using key Mesh words from the following databases: Google scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, MagIran, SID, Scopus, and handsearching journals and the references of the selected articles. The quality of the selected articles was assessed by the Drummond's checklist...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Seyed Emad Emadi, Andrew Juma Suleh, Farhang Babamahmoodi, Fatemeh Ahangarkani, Vanessa Betty Chelimo, Beatrice Mutai, Seyyed Reza Raeeskarami, Alireza Ghanadan, Seyed Naser Emadi
Background: Albinos in Africa are at constant risk of developing skin cancer due to the damage caused by ultra-violet exposure. This study identifies the common skin conditions among albinos in Kenya as a country located along the equator. Methods: In this descriptive study on albino patients who were admitted to Mbagathi District Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya the census method was used for sampling and a total of 151 albinos were registered. All necessary data including age, gender, type, site and the number of skin lesions were recorded...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Parya Abdolalizadeh, Saeed Pourhassan, Roghayeh Gandomkar, Farrokh Heidari, Amir Ali Sohrabpour
Background: Despite the advantages of dual peer mentoring, there are a few reports of implementing and evaluating such programs for medical students. This study aimed at exploring the perceptions of mentors and mentees about the dual peer mentoring program for the first year undergraduate medical students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted at the end of the first year of implementing the mentoring program. All mentees and mentors were invited to participate in focus group discussions...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Hamid R Baradran, Maziar Moradi Lakeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Amene Homami, Farideh Ghazi
Bladder cancer is the fifth most common cancer with significant morbidity and mortality. Recently, numerous studies demonstrated that microRNAs are emerging as diagnostic biomarkers for bladder cancer. Specific miRNA profiles have been identified for several samples from patients with bladder cancer. MicroRNAs are noncoding RNA molecules of approximately 23 nucleotides that play important roles in multiple steps during the progression of bladder cancer. Here, we review the expression profiles of miRNAs and their biological functions, regulation, and clinical implications in bladder cancer...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Elaheh Kabir-Mokamelkhah, Amir Bahrami-Ahmadi, Negar Aghili
Background: Impairment in quality of life and mental health had been reported in the previous studies as the results of musculoskeletal disorders among workers. Mental health has a wide concept and contains different disorders including anxiety, depression or even decreased quality of life, all of which having challengeable impacts on work- related characters such as work productivity and absensism. The present study aimed at evaluating work- related stress and quality of life among Iranian blue-collar workers of Fars ABFA Company with selfreported low back pain...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Mashallah Aghilinejad, Elaheh Kabir-Mokamelkhah, Atefeh Talebi, Roghayeh Soleimani, Naser Dehghan
Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are the most important problems in the health workforce. These discomforts cause many working days losses, increase absenteeism from work, and impose annual economic costs. Awkward posture is the most important factor among the risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders. This study aimed at implementing an interventional ergonomic program to minimize musculoskeletal disorder among dentists. Methods: This semi- experimental study was conducted on 75 dentists of Milad hospital using a census method...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Naser Dehghan, Mashallah Aghilinejad, Mohammad Hassan Nassiri-Kashani, Ziba Amiri, Atefeh Talebi
Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are the most common occupational injuries in dentists. These disorders occur due to the specific characteristics of dentistry occupation such as the use of tools and instruments and awkward posture. The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of multifaceted ergonomic program on reducing musculoskeletal disorders in dentists. Methods: One hundred-two male dentists who worked in dentistry clinics of Tehran's hospitals participated in this interventional study...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Amir Bahrami-Ahmadi, Seyed Alireza Mortazavi, Roghayeh Soleimani, Mohammad Hasan Nassiri-Kashani
Background: There are some challenges about the role of work- related stress on development of musculoskeletal complaints. The present prospective study was conducted on nurses of Milad hospital in Tehran (Iran) to assess the role of work- related stress on development of neck and shoulder pain among nurses. Methods: From the 1,900 nurses who completed the registry forms, 1,450 nurses met the inclusion criteria. We divided the participants into exposed and unexposed groups according to their DASS-21 scores...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Jalil Koohpayehzadeh, Amir Bahrami-Ahmadi, Hamidreza Kadkhodaei, Seyed Alireza Mortazavi, Ziba Amiri
Background: Identifying the predisposing factors of neck and shoulder complaints and finding solutions to avoid them could improve the occupational health condition of the nurses. In this study, we aimed at determining the role of psychological and physical occupational factors in developing neck and shoulder complaints among the participants. Methods: This analytic cross-sectional study was conducted on the nurses of main hospitals of Tehran. To study the prevalence of neck and shoulder pain, the Nordic questionnaire was used, and job content questionnaire was used to assess the psychological and physical occupational factors...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Farideh Khodabandeh, Elaheh Kabir-Mokamelkhah, Mahsa Kahani
Background: Construction work (building houses, roads, workplaces, and repairing and maintaining infrastructures) is a dangerous land-based job. This includes many hazardous tasks and conditions such as working at the following conditions: Height, excavation, noise, dust, power tools and equipment. Construction work has been increased in developed and underdeveloped countries over the past few years. Occupational fatalities have increased with an increase in this type of work. Occupational fatalities refer to individuals who pass way while on the job or performing work related tasks...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Mansour Nassiri-Kashani, Mohammad Hassan Nassiri-Kashani, Mostafa Ghafari
Background: Occupational contact dermatitis, especially in hand, is one of the most common occupational disorders. The present study aimed at evaluating patients with occupational allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) caused by common allergens based on occupation type and disease history. Methods: This cross-sectional study aimed at evaluating the data of the patients with probable diagnosis of ACD in Center for Research and Training in Skin Diseases and Leprosy (CRTSDL) in Iran. In the present study, 946 patients were assessed from different regions of Iran...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Mashallah Aghilinejad, Ali Asghar Ehsani, Atefeh Talebi, Jalil Koohpayehzadeh, Naser Dehghan
Background: Musculoskeletal symptoms are the main cause of loss of working time, and increase in labor costs. Poor posture is the most important risk factor for work-related musculoskeletal symptoms. This study aimed at evaluating the role of ergonomic risk factors in different surgical (open surgery, laparoscopy, and microsurgery) in the frequency or resonance frequency of musculoskeletal symptoms. Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was conducted on 81 surgeons in a hospital in Tehran. In this study, the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was evaluated using the Nordic Questionnaire...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Mohammad Sadegh Ghasemi, Jalil Koohpayehzadeh, Hamidreza Kadkhodaei, Ali Asghar Ehsani
Background: According to clinical observations, foot hyperpronation is very prevalent and may cause malalignment of the lower extremity, leading to structural and functional deficits in standing and walking. This study aimed at investigating the effect of foot hyperpronation on spine alignment in the standing position. Methods: Thirty-five healthy males with an age range of 18-30 years participated in this cross-sectional study. Evaluation was performed with two examiners in four standing positions (on the floor, and on the wedges angled at 10, 15, and 20 degrees) using a motion analysis system (Zebris)...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Abbas Saleh Ardestani, Ali Sarabi Asiabar, Farbod Ebadifard Azar, Seyyed Ali Abtahi
Background: Effective leadership that rises from managerial training courses is highly constructive in managing hospitals more effectively. This study aims at investigating the relationship between leadership effectiveness with providing management training courses for hospital managers. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out on top and middle managers of 16 hospitals of Iran University of Medical Sciences. As a sample, 96 participants were selected through census method. Data were collected using leadership effectiveness and style questionnaire, whose validity and reliability were certified in previous studies...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
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