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Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Ali Sarabi Asiabar, Abbas Saleh Ardestani
Background: Effective leadership is regarded as an important factor in organizational success. This study aimed at performing a systematic review on leadership effectiveness among hospital managers. Methods: A search was conducted in ScienceDirect, ProQuest, Web of Science, Ovid, and Scopus databases on the factors related to effectiveness of hospital managers' leadership during 1990 and 2016. The initial results included 2795 papers, but after further investigation and qualitative evaluation using CASP-19, a total of 8 papers were included in the systematic review...
2018: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Nejat Mahdieh, Sedigheh Saedi, Mahdieh Soveizi, Bahareh Rabbani, Nasim Najafi, Majid Maleki
Background: Arrhythmogenic ventricular cardiomyopathy (AVC) is an inherited cardiac disorder affecting 1 in 1000 individuals worldwide. The mean diagnosed age of disease is 31 years. In this article, an Iranian family reported that they were affected by ARVC due to a novel PKP2 mutation. Methods: Clinical evaluations, 12-lead ECG, CMR, and signal-averaged ECG were performed. After DNA extraction, genetic testing was done, and PCR-sequencing was applied to find causal mutations. Segregation analysis was also performed for the family...
2018: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Rasoul Zarrin, Morteza Bagheri, Alireza Mehdizadeh, Parvin Ayremlou, Amir Hossein Faghfouri
Background: Some genetic factors are involved in the etiology of Hashimoto thyroiditis and Graves' disease as autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs). Effects of vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms in AITDs development have already been investigated in some previous studies. However, no study has been done on the association between VDR FokI and ApaI polymorphisms and AITDs in an Iranian population. In this study, the possible effects of FokI and ApaI polymorphisms on AITDs were investigated in the population of northwest of Iran...
2018: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Hanieh Raji, Seyed Ali JavadMoosavi, Maryam Dastoorpoor, Zahra Mohamadipour, Seyedeh Parvin Mousavi Ghanavati
Background: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the utilization and diagnostic yields of CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA)using the Revised Geneva score and Wells' criteria, in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). Methods: One hundred and twelve adult patients underwent CTPA for suspected PE were participated in this study. The outcome was positive or negative CTPA for PE. Revised Geneva and Wells' scores were calculated. The relationship between the results obtained rom these two scores and the available risk factors were compared...
2018: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Taher Akbari Saeed, Meysam Ahmadi ZeydAbadi, Ahmad Fatemi, Alireza Farsinejad
Background: Tissue engineering has been investigated as a potential method for healing traumatized tissues. Biomaterials are material devices or implants used to repair or replace native body tissues and organs. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of decontamination methods on biological/mechanical properties and degradation/adhesion test of the platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membranes to compare these properties with intact membranes as a biological biomaterial. Methods: The in vitro degradation tests were conducted by placing the equal sizes of (i) intact PRF membrane, (ii) PRF membrane sterilized by autoclave (iii), ultraviolet (UV), and (iiii) gamma irradiation in phosphate buffer solution on a shaker...
2018: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Abdul Hameed, Jamshed Ali, Kiran Munawar, Farah Arshad, Farhana Badar, Neelam Siddiqui
Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell disorder characterized by presence of monoclonal protein in serum or urine or both, increased bone marrow plasma cells, osteolytic lesion, hypercalcemia, and anemia. Several combination regimens are commonly recommended for treatment of multiple myeloma. The present study aimed at determining the characteristics and outcomes of patients with multiple myeloma treated at our centre. Methods: During July 2012 and December 2015, all patients with proven diagnosis of MM were included in this study...
2018: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Maryam Kashanian, Elaheh Arab, Narges Sheikhansari, Reyhaneh Arab
Background: Pregnancy is one of the most important periods of a woman's life and is influenced by many different factors. For years, it was assumed that teenage pregnancy can cause poor pregnancy outcome. The purpose of this study was to compare some pregnancy complications between 2 groups of 15 to 19 and 20 to 35 year- old primigravida pregnant women Methods: This was a cross- sectional study conducted on the data sheets of primigravida women who delivered their babies in a teaching hospital. A total of 3040 eligible women entered the study; of them, 280 (9...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Farhad Habibi Nodeh, Ibrahim Jafari Pooyan, Iraj Harirchi, Mohammad Arab
Background: Informal payments can cause delayed access to health care services, forcing people to sell their properties for cost of treatment; and as a result, they lose trust in the health system. Considering the importance of this issue, this study was conducted in 2016 to identify solutions to reduce and eliminate informal payments in Iran's health system. Methods: Initially, solutions to reduce informal payments were extracted by reviewing resources and searching Persian and Englishlanguage databases including Science direct, PubMed, Scopus, Medline, ISC, Magiran, SID using the following keywords: informal payments, under the table payment, bribes, gratitude payment, and informal payments/fees...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Ali Gholami, Farhad Moradpour, Maryam Khazaee-Pool, Zahra Mousavi Jahromi, Mohammadreza Vafa, Abbas Abbasi-Ghahramanloo, Masoudreza Sohrabi, Nader Mahdavi, Yousef Moradi, Hamid Reza Baradaran
Background: There is mixed evidence about food insecurity and overweight/obesity coexisting, however it is unclear about association between food insecurity and weight status in people with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between food insecurity and weight status in individuals with type 2 diabetes in rural areas in Iran. Methods: 1847 patients with type 2 diabetes who were residence in rural areas completed Household Food Security Scale (six-item short questionnaire)...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Manouchehr Ilkhani, Hassan Shojaie Baghini, Gohar Kiamarzi, Alipasha Meysamie, Parvin Ebrahimi
Background: Aphasia is a common outcome of Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) in which clinical interventions have limited effectiveness. Some evidence suggests that noninvasive stimulation of the brain can have beneficial effects in the treatment of CVA induced aphasia. In patients with motor aphasia, repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is used to facilitate long-term improvement in speech ability. Since identifying effective methods for treating CVA induced aphasia can be very important in subsequent decision-making and treatment interventions, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of low-frequency TMS in Broca's area in the right hemisphere on the treatment of CVA induced motor aphasia...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Daem Roshani, Alina Abdolahi, Shima Rahmati
Background: Different studies have investigated the association between p53 codon 72 Arg>Pro polymorphism and cancer risk. Because of the lack of consensus of the results in individual studies, we conducted this meta-analysis by pooling all currently available case-control studies to estimate the effect of p53 codon 72 Arg/Pro polymorphism on cancer susceptibility in Iranian population. Methods: A comprehensive search was undertaken and primary data from all peer-reviewed journals indexed in PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Magiran, Scientific Information Databank (SID), Iran Medex, and CAB abstract electronic were used to conduct this meta-analysis...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Hadi Ghaffari, Ahmad Tavakoli, Davod Javanmard, Hamidreza Mollaei, Helya Sadat Mortazavi, Seyed Hamidreza Monavari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Naheed Aryaeian, Sara Khorshidi Sedehi, Tahereh Arablou
Background: Type 2 diabetes is a growing public health problem and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The worldwide prevalence of type 2 diabetes is rising. Polyphenols, such as flavonoids, phenolic acid, and stilbens, are a large and heterogeneous group of phytochemicals in plant-based foods. In this review, we aimed at assessing the studies on polyphenols and diabetes management. Methods: A literature search in the PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and ISI Web of Science databases was conducted to identify relevant studies published from 1986 to Jan 2017...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Maryam Tarameshlu, Amir Reza Azimi, Leila Ghelichi, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari
Background: Dysphagia is frequently observed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Dysphagia and its complications are common causes of morbidity and mortality in final stages of MS disease. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of dysphagia in Iranian patients with MS and identifying predictors associated with dysphagia. Methods: A total of 230 MS patients were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Dysphagia was evaluated using Mann Assessment of Swallowing Ability (MASA). Demographic characteristics (age and gender), duration of the disease, disease course, and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) were recorded for all participants...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Zohreh Sohrabi, Hamid Reza Koohestani, Nayereh Baghcheghi, Somayeh Delavari, Zahra Rezaei Shahsavarloo
Background: Virtual education refers to a variety of teaching-learning methods that are implemented and supported electronically. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of group blogging on the attitude of nursing students towards virtual education. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest study in which all fifth-semester nursing students (n=25) were selected and asked to design educational blogs on nursing of respiratory diseases. Attitudes of the participants towards virtual education were measured before and after the intervention...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Arman Latifi, Effat Merghati-Khoei, Davood Shojaeizadeh, Saharnaz Nedjat, Ali Mehri, Gholamreza Garmaroudi
Background: Various theory-based interventions (TBIs) have been done to prevent STI/HIV. The current study aimed at reviewing the TBIs for STI/HIV prevention in Iran. Methods: We systematically searched 6 English and Persian electronic databases to identify TBIs conducted for STI/HIV prevention in Iran. General searches were conducted using PubMed MeSH terms. Articles were included if they were interventional and conducted using models and theories, aimed at reducing the risk of STIs, were quasi-experimental or experimental, and if their full text was available...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Sahar Sadat Saeedi Shahri, Ahmad Ghashghaee, Masoud Behzadifar, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Meysam Behzadifar, Nasrin Mousavinejad, Mozhgan Sadat Ghaemmohamadi, Faezeh Ebadi, Hesam Seyedin
Background: Depression is one of the most commonly diagnosed mental disorders. Nurses and other hospital service providers are a group at high risk for developing depression. Thus, knowing the prevalence of depression among nurses can help the health care decisionmakers to plan ad hoc prevention programs to control depression in this group. This study was conducted to quantitatively assess the prevalence of depression in nurses by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: ISI/Web of Science (WoS), PubMed/MEDLINE via Ovid, PsychInfo, and Embase, as well as Iranian databases such as Irandoc, SID, and Magiran were searched from January 2000 to March 2017...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Fahad Saqib Lodhi, Owais Raza, Ali Montazeri, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mehdi Yaseri, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni
Background: The present study was conducted to translate and validate the World Health Organization's Quality-of-Life Scale - BREF into local language of Pakistan. Methods: A forward- backward translation procedure was followed to develop the Pakistani version of the questionnaire. Through a multi- stage clustered sampling technique, a sample of individuals aged 18 years and above completed the questionnaire in Abbottabad district, Pakistan. Psychometric properties of the instrument including reliability (internal consistency and test-retest analysis), validity (known group comparison and items' correlation) and their domains were assessed...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Maryam Aalaa, Farnaz Najmi Varzaneh, Zhila Maghbooli, Neda Samandari, Ashraf Mostafavi, Sedigheh Salemi, Neda Mehrdad, Mahnaz Sanjari
Background: High level of perceived stress in nurses is due to a genetic predisposition and environmental stressors. The aim of NURSE (Nursing Unacquainted Related Stress Etiologies) study was to investigate the association of C677T MTHFR gene polymorphism and stress perception among nurses. Methods: In this comprehensive study, 216 female nurses were recruited. Perceived stress was assessed using the Cohen Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood, and MTHFR genotype was detected by the polymerase chain reaction...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Ameneh Ebrahim Valojerdi, Kiarash Tanha, Leila Janani
Background: The calculation of the sample size is one of the most important steps in designing a randomized controlled trial. The purpose of this study is drawing the attention of researchers to the importance of calculating and reporting the sample size in randomized controlled trials. Methods: We reviewed related literature and guidelines and discussed some important issues in sample size calculation and reporting in randomized controlled trials. Conclusion: The calculation of the sample size is one of the most important steps in designing a randomized controlled trial...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
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