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Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955670/psychometric-parameters-of-the-persian-version-of-the-briefcope-among-wives-of-patients-under-hemodialysis
#1
Tahereh Ashktorab, Nayereh Baghcheghi, Naimeh Seyedfatemi, Ahmadreza Baghestani
Background: The Brief COPE is widely validated and popularly used in assessing coping strategies in major life stressors on various populations. This study carried out to determine the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the Brief COPE among wives of patients under hemodialysis. Methods: The Brief COPE was translated into Persian language according to the standard method and the psychometric properties of the instrument were assessed among 212 wives of patients under hemodialysis in Tehran, Iran, in 2016...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955669/comparison-between-serum-magnesium-levels-of-asphyxiated-neonates-and-normal-cases
#2
Nasrin Khalessi, Ali Mazouri, Mandana Bassirnia, Ladan Afsharkhas
Background: Asphyxia is one the most important causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity. It is suggested that magnesium may have a protective role against cellular damage during hypoxic brain insult, or change effect post-asphyxia consequences. Our study was performed for comparison of serum magnesium in neonates with and without asphyxia. Methods: This study was done in Neonatal Ward of Ali-Asghar hospital, from January 2010 to 2011 in Tehran, Iran. Serum magnesium levels of seventy-six cases with a diagnosis of asphyxia grade 2 were compared with 76 normal newborns...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955668/assessing-abstracts-of-iranian-systematic-reviews-and-metaanalysis-indexed-in-wos-and-scopus-using-prisma
#3
Maryam Kazerani, Atefeh Davoudian, Farid Zayeri, Hamid Soori
Background: Systematic reviews and meta-analysis have significant advantages over conventional reviews in that all available data should be presented. This study aimed to evaluate Iranian systematic reviews and meta-analysis abstracts indexed in WOS and Scopus during 2003-2012 based on PRISMA checklist. Methods: This is an analytical study. We evaluated 46 article abstracts indexed in WOS, 89 article abstracts indexed in Scopus and 158 article abstracts indexed in WOS and Scopus both (overlapped group). The quality of the abstracts was evaluated according to the PRISMA checklist for abstracts...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955667/integrating-behavioral-and-social-sciences-components-into-a-competency-based-md-program-curriculum-a-qualitative-study-on-opinions-of-faculty-members
#4
Shahnam Sedigh Maroufi, Shoaleh Bigdeli, Ladan Fata, Seyed Kamran Soltani Arabshahi
Background: Behavioral, social, psychological and biological factors influence health and disease; and, to achieve professional competency, physicians should be knowledgeable about their society and its inhabitants' behavior. This knowledge will help physicians to become competent in communication, professional behavior, self-awareness, ethical reasoning, and understanding cultural and social differences. In this regard, this research is an attempt to explore perspectives of medical faculty members on necessity of integrating Behavioral and Social Sciences (BSS) components into the medical curriculum...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955666/comparison-of-the-effect-of-lithium-plus-quetiapine-with-lithium-plus-risperidone-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-i-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Nastaran Habibi, Nasrin Dodangi, Ali Nazeri
Background: In the treatment of bipolar disorder in youths, often more than one medication should be prescribed. In the current study, we compared the efficacy and tolerability of the combination of lithium and quetiapine with lithium and risperidone in the treatment of manic or mixed episodes in children and adolescents. Methods: Thirty patients (aged 10-18 years) who were hospitalized for a manic or mixed episode were recruited from consecutive inpatient admissions to the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Unit at Razi Psychiatric Hospital (University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran) from June 2012 to September...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955665/measuring-engagement-in-nurses-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-utrecht-work-engagement-scale
#6
Mansour Torabinia, Sara Mahmoudi, Mojtaba Dolatshahi, Mohamad Reza Abyaz
Background: Considering the overall tendency in psychology, researchers in the field of work and organizational psychology have become progressively interested in employees' effective and optimistic experiments at work such as work engagement. This study was conducted to investigate 2 main purposes: assessing the psychometric properties of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, and finding any association between work engagement and burnout in nurses. Methods: The present methodological study was conducted in 2015 and included 248 females and 34 males with 6 months to 30 years of job experience...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955664/academic-performance-in-iranian-medical-students-during-the-pre-clinical-stage
#7
Farnoush Davoudi, Shooka Esmaeeli, Masoud AhmadzadAsl, Marzieh Nojomi
Background: Better understanding of factors associated with medical school performance is necessary to improve admission processes and to help students succeed in their career. This study follows a group of Iranian med students during their first 2.5 years of medical education, to evaluate their academic success in accordance with their demographic, cognitive and non-cognitive characteristics. Methods: 143 of 200 matriculants of Iran University of Medical Sciences medical school in 2010, were followed for 5 consecutive semesters of the preclinical stage...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955663/donor-retention-in-health-care-in-iran-a-factor-analysis
#8
Sara Aghababa, Amir Ashkan Nasiripour, Mohammadreza Maleki, Mahmoodreza Gohari
Background: Long-term financial support is essential for the survival of a charitable organization. Health charities need to identify the effective factors influencing donor retention. Methods: In the present study, the items of a questionnaire were derived from both literature review and semi-structured interviews related to donor retention. Using a purposive sampling, 300 academic and executive practitioners were selected. After the follow- up, a total of 243 usable questionnaires were prepared for factor analysis...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955662/antibody-response-to-glycan-antigens-of-hydatid-cyst-fluid-laminated-layer-and-protoscolex-of-echinococcus-granulosus
#9
Raheleh Rafiei Sefiddashti, Seyedeh Maryam Sharafi, Soltan Ahmad Ebrahimi, Lame Akhlaghi, Ali Moosavi, Abbasali Eskandarian, Alireza Hejrati, Hossein Yousofi Darani
Background: Hydatid disease is characterized by long-term growth of hydatid cysts in the human. The glycan antigens have an important role in the immunology of hydatid cyst. In this study immunological reaction of host sera to different glycan antigens of the cyst, has been investigated. Methods: The antibody responses were tested to glycoprotein and glycolipid of the laminated layer (LL), cyst fluid (CF) and protoscolex (PS) antigens of E. Granulosus using ELISA and western immunoblotting tests. Thin-layer chromatography and ß-elimination were used for glycan purification...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955661/seasonality-and-time-patterns-in-attempted-suicide-in-ilam-province-of-iran-an-appraisal-of-current-data-of-2010-2014
#10
Yousef Veisani, Ali Delpisheh, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Ghobad Moradi, Jafar Hassanzadeh
Background: Seasonality in suicide has been investigated from the early 19th century to explore the productive environmental variables. Seasonality studies can provide information on prevention and interventions in suicide. In this study, we examined seasonality in suicide and aimed to explore the differences in seasonality between rural and urban areas, mental disorders, and genders. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, overall identified suicide cases in Ilam province from 21 March 2010 and 11 December 2014 were identified, using systematic registration suicide data (SRSD)...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955660/challenges-of-postgraduate-critical-care-nursing-program-in-iran
#11
Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Esmaeil Shariat, Zahra Tayebi, Majid Ghorbanzadeh
Background: The main philosophy of postgraduate preparation for working in critical care units is to ensure the safety and quality of patients' care. Increasing the complexity of technology, decision-making challenges and the high demand for advanced communication skills necessitate the need to educate learners. Within this aim, a master's degree in critical care nursing has been established in Iran. Current study was designed to collect critical care nursing students' experiences as well as their feedback to the field critical care nursing...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638816/prevalence-of-asthma-among-middle-eastern-children-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Masoud Mirzaei, Mehran Karimi, Shima Beheshti, Masoud Mohammadi
Background: The prevalence of asthma and allergy has increased during the last decades, especially in children. However, little is known about it in the Middle East region. This systematic review is aimed to estimate the prevalence of asthma among the Middle Eastern children. Methods: Local and international scientific databases including SID, Iranmedex, Medline and Science Direct were systematically searched for relevant keywords including; asthma, prevalence, children, International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISACC) and the names of Middle Eastern countries for the period of 1996-2011...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638815/diabetic-foot-workshop-improving-technical-and-educational-skills-for-nurses
#13
Maryam Aalaa, Mahnaz Sanjari, Samimeh Shahbazi, Zahra Shayeganmehr, Maryam Abooeirad, Mohammad Reza Amini, Hossien Adibi, Neda Mehrdad
Diabetes mellitus as one of the most common metabolic disorders has some complications, one of the main ones is diabetic foot (DF). Appropriate care and education prevents 85% of diabetic foot amputations. An ideal management to prevent and treat diabetic foot necessitates a close collaboration between the health team members and the diabetic patient. Therefore, improving nurses' knowledge about DF care and advancement in the quality of care provided by the nurses could significantly improve diabetic foot prevention and management...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638814/congenital-urogenital-abnormalities-in-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#14
Parsa Yousefi Chaijan, Fatemeh Dorreh, Mojtaba Sharafkhah, Mohammad Amiri, Mohsen Ebrahimimonfared, Mohammad Rafeie, Fatemeh Safi
Background: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH), as one of the most common congenital endocrine disorders, may be significantly associated with congenital malformations. This study investigates urogenital abnormalities in children with primary CH (PCH). Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 200 children aged three months to 1 year, referred to Amir-Kabir Hospital, Arak, Iran. One hundred children with PCH, as the case group, and 100 healthy children, as the control group, were selected using convenient sampling...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638813/impractical-cme-programs-influential-parameters-in-iran
#15
Seyed Aliakbar Faghihi, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Seyed Jalil Hosseini, Seyed Kamran Soltani Arabshahi, Zahra Faghih, Mandana Shirazi
Background: Traditional approaches in Continuing Medical Education (CME) appear to be ineffective in any improvement of the patients' care, reducing the medical errors, and/or altering physicians' behaviors. However, they are still executed by the CME providers, and are popular among the majority of the physicians. In this study, we aimed to explore the parameters involved in the degree of effectiveness of CME program in Iran. Methods: In this study, 31 participants, consisting of general practitioners, CME experts and providers were recruited to participate in in-depth interviews and field observations concerning experiences with CME...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638812/how-canola-and-sunflower-oils-affect-lipid-profile-and-anthropometric-parameters-of-participants-with-dyslipidemia
#16
Sedigheh Saedi, Mona Noroozi, Naghmeh Khosrotabar, Shadi Mazandarani, Behshid Ghadrdoost
Background: Restricted intakes of saturated and trans-fatty acids and replacement with poly or monounsaturated fatty acids are emphasized in healthy diets. This study evaluates the effects of a six-month consumption of canola oil compared to sunflower oil on lipid profile and anthropometric parameters of people affected by dyslipidemia. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 96 patients with dyslipidemia, who were randomly assigned into canola oil or the sunflower oil groups. The participants were instructed to record the contents of their daily meals, beverages, fruits, and snacks a day before treatment, at the second clinic visit, in the third month, and at the end of study (i...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638811/cost-effectiveness-of-eplerenone-in-treatment-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-systematic-review
#17
Hossein Mobaraki, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Ali Sarabi Asiabar, Aziz Rezapour, Mohammad Hossein Kafaei Mehr, Saeed Emamgolizadeh
Background: No clear evidence is available on the cost-effectiveness of eplerenone in treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Thus, the present study aimed at systematically reviewing studies that have investigated this issue. Methods: This systematic review study was conducted in 2016. The required information were collected using key Mesh words from the following databases: Google scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, MagIran, SID, Scopus, and handsearching journals and the references of the selected articles. The quality of the selected articles was assessed by the Drummond's checklist...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638810/common-malignant-cutaneous-conditions-among-albinos-in-kenya
#18
Seyed Emad Emadi, Andrew Juma Suleh, Farhang Babamahmoodi, Fatemeh Ahangarkani, Vanessa Betty Chelimo, Beatrice Mutai, Seyyed Reza Raeeskarami, Alireza Ghanadan, Seyed Naser Emadi
Background: Albinos in Africa are at constant risk of developing skin cancer due to the damage caused by ultra-violet exposure. This study identifies the common skin conditions among albinos in Kenya as a country located along the equator. Methods: In this descriptive study on albino patients who were admitted to Mbagathi District Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya the census method was used for sampling and a total of 151 albinos were registered. All necessary data including age, gender, type, site and the number of skin lesions were recorded...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638809/dual-peer-mentoring-program-for-undergraduate-medical-students-exploring-the-perceptions-of-mentors-and-mentees
#19
Parya Abdolalizadeh, Saeed Pourhassan, Roghayeh Gandomkar, Farrokh Heidari, Amir Ali Sohrabpour
Background: Despite the advantages of dual peer mentoring, there are a few reports of implementing and evaluating such programs for medical students. This study aimed at exploring the perceptions of mentors and mentees about the dual peer mentoring program for the first year undergraduate medical students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted at the end of the first year of implementing the mentoring program. All mentees and mentors were invited to participate in focus group discussions...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638808/introductory-editorial-to-30-th-anniversary-edition
#20
EDITORIAL
Hamid R Baradran, Maziar Moradi Lakeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
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