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Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323604/faun-tail
#1
Shahbaz Ali Khan, Khalid Khan Zadran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323603/melkersson-rosenthal-syndrome-a-rare-finding
#2
Manas Bajpai, Nilesh Pardhe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323602/oral-idiopathic-homogeneous-leukoplakia
#3
Thorakkal Shamim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323601/use-of-refurbished-pacemakers-need-of-a-developing-country
#4
LETTER
Maria Shoaib, Zobia Aijaz, Syed Ahsanuddin Ahmed, Muhammad Yusuf Hafiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323600/-another-vector-borne-challenge-to-combat-zika-virus-outbreaks
#5
Maria Shoaib, Ahmad Faraz, Syed Ahsanuddin Ahmed
Zika virus is a single-stranded RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family. It is known to transmit to humans primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito which is also known to carry dengue, chikungunya & yellow fever virus. Transmission is anthroponotic (human-to-vector-to-human) during outbreaks, Perinatally in utero, sexually and via infected blood transfusion. It is mild and self-limiting infection lasting for several days to a week. However, it is suspected as a cause of Guillain Barre Syndrome...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323599/an-unusual-presentation-of-huge-meningioma-extruding-out-of-skull
#6
Mirza Faisal Ahmed Rafiq, Khaleeq-uz-Zaman, Muhammad Ibrahima
Scalp masses are commonly seen in clinical practice. They range from simple sebaceous cyst to malignant neoplasms. Clinical presentation is straight forward in most of the cases. Simple subcutaneous swelling till erosion of scalp and skull all can occur. However very few intracranial masses present with exophytic scalp swelling. This is because they have to erode dura, thick skull bone and all the layers of scalp to appear out on scalp. It is very unusual that an intracranial mass present like a scalp swelling...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323598/severe-hyponatremia-epistaxis-and-fluoxetine
#7
Tezcan Kaya, Murat Yücel, Özden Eraslan, Hakan Cinemre, Ali Tamer
Hyponatremia is one of the most common electrolyte abnormalities and can be life threatening. Fluoxetine is a serotonin reuptake inhibitor and may rarely cause hyponatremia. Furthermore, fluoxetine may rarely increase the risk of bleeding events. We report a 66-year old woman who presented with severe hyponatremia and epistaxis associated with the use of fluoxetine.
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323597/mumps-myocarditis-a-forgotten-disease
#8
Sheraz Hussain, Mohammad Faizan Zahid, Arshalooz Jamila Rahman, Mehnaz Atiq Ahmed, Shahnaz Hamid Ibrahim
Mumps is an acute viral illness that follows a self-limiting course but up to 10% of cases have a complicated course with the involvement of other organ systems. Myocarditis is reported as a complication but the incidence has greatly fallen ever since the development of the mumps vaccine. A child presented to our department with parotid swelling and fever. Persistent tachycardia with irregular pulse led to further cardiac work up which showed decreased ejection fraction and raised serum cardiac enzymes, indicating myocardial damage...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323596/perforated-duodenal-ulcer-associated-with-situs-inversus-and-dextrocardia
#9
Mumtaz Ibrahim, Dildar Hussain, Seema Waheed, Raazia Tahir, Ghulam Haider, Nauvan Ali, Shahid Latif Sarfraz
A 32 years old gentleman, presented in emergency department, with complaints of sudden onset of severe upper abdominal pain, associated with nausea and vomiting. He was a known case of acid peptic disease. His abdominal examination showed signs of peritonitis. X-ray chest showed pneumoperitoneum, with dextrocardia. Ultrasound showed situs inversus. Exploration confirmed the diagnosis of perforated ulcer and situs inversus. Grahm's patch repair of perforation was done. His postoperative recovery was smooth.
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323595/giant-cell-rich-atrial-myxoma-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature
#10
REVIEW
Hina Tariq, Nadira Mamoon
The cases of two middle age males are presented who were incidentally diagnosed to have atrial myxoma. Both of them underwent successful surgical interventions. Histologically, both myxomas showed abundant multinucleated giant cells, in addition to typical myxoid stroma with stellate and cord-like structures.
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323594/sinister-cause-of-high-bone-mineral-density-on-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry
#11
Mairah Razi, Aamna Hassan
Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) has an established, well standardized role in the measurement of bone mineral density (BMD). In routine clinical practice, the main focus of bone densitometry is to identify low bone mass for the diagnosis and monitoring of osteoporosis particularly in postmenopausal females and in high risk individuals. Less commonly, elevated BMD can also be seen on routine DXA scanning usually due to degenerative disease. However, a range of other skeletal disorders can also lead to high BMD...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323593/unique-presentation-of-osteopetrosis
#12
Hasnain Abbas Dharamshi, Syed Arsalan Ahmed, Ali Abbas Mohsin, Syed Muhammad Mustahsan, Reshma Devi, Anaam Iqbal, Syed Muhammad All Abidi
Osteopetrosis is a rare hereditary disorder of osteoclast dysfunction leading to abnormally dense and sclerotic bones that are fragile and break easily. It can be inherited in various patterns like autosomal-dominant, autosomal-recessive or as X-linked traits, but the most grievous forms of its inheritance are the autosomal-recessive ones, which show early onset and are associated with very poor prognosis. We report here the case of an asymptomatic young boy, who was diagnosed as the case of autosomal recessive osteopetrosis on the basis of his genetic studies...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323592/fecalith-in-the-ileum-causing-intestinal-obstruction
#13
Qurrat-ul-Ain, Syeda Anam Azhar, Sumera Baloch, Sohaib Ahmed Khan, Areeba Salim
Small bowel obstruction is one of the common conditions presenting in surgical wards, however fecalith is one of the rare causes of bowel obstruction. We present here a case of 65 years old lady, who presented with sub-acute intestinal obstruction. In spite of the initial diagnosis being sigmoid volvulus, exploratory laparotomy revealed a focolith in ileum which was retrieved through an enterotomy and primary closure was done. The patient recovered uneventfully. Thus emphasizing the need of through history and workup which steer us to the correct diagnosis...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323591/epidermolysis-bullosa-in-the-newborn
#14
(no author information available yet)
We present the case of a new-born baby girl who was delivered at term to a young primigravida mother. The pregnancy was booked late and had no antenatal medical or surgical complications. The baby was born vaginally and had a normal initial examination. However after three hours of birth the baby started to develop skin blisters after minor trauma/friction. The baby was seen by a Dermatologist who diagnosed the condition to be Epidermolysis Bullosa. This hereditary condition is extremely rare, and even rarer is such an early presentation in a neonate...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323590/infantile-alexander-s-disease-a-case-with-characteristic-mri-features
#15
Naveed Mazhar, Uzma Saeed
Alexander disease, less commoniy known as fibrinoid leukodystrophy is an extremely rare, non- familial, progressive, lethal leukodystrophy which is characterized predominantly by abnormalities of white matter in bilateral frontal regions. It usually presents early within first 2 years of life with clinical features of macrocephaly, recurrent seizures and psychomotor retardation. Diagnosis of this white matter disorder is possible with certain features seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), even without the need for histological confirmation...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323589/whipple-procedure-pancreaticogastrostomy-versus-pancreaticojejunostomy-a-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Sameer Rehman, Affan Umer, Michael Kuncewitch, Ernesto Molmenti
Pancreatic cancer is one of the leading causes of oncologic morbidity and mortality worldwide. The definitive surgical management for pancreatic cancer includes pancreaticoduodenectomy with either anastomosis to, or implantation of remnant pancreas to the stomach (pancreaticogastrostomy) or the jejunum (pancreaticojejunostomy). Operative morbidity and mortality following pancreaticoduodenectomy frequently results from complications associated with a pancreaticojejunal anastomotic leak. Pancreaticogastrostomy is an alternative method of restoring pancreatic continuity with the gut, which has been employed by a number of institutions showing some benefit in operative mortality...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323588/low-bone-mineral-density-among-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Shafique Rehman Arain, Amir Riaz, Lubna Nazir, Tahira Perveen Umer, Tabe Rasool
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is an early and common feature in rheumatoid arthritis. Apart from other manifestations, Osteoporosis is an extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis whichmay result in increased risk of fractures, morbidity mortality, and associated healthcare costs. This study evaluates bone mineral density changes in patients withrheumatoid arthritis of recent-onset. METHODS: This cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in the Rheumatology Department of a tertiary care hospital in Karachi...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323587/association-between-placental-abruption-and-caesarean-section-among-patients-at-khyber-teaching-hospital-peshawar
#18
Seema Gul, Saidul Abrar, Tanveer Jamal, Gul e Rana, Anam Majid, Madiha Iqbal
BACKGROUND: Ante partum haemorrhage remains to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality.30% of this haemorrhage is attributed to placental abruption. Along with other adverse maternal outcomes, it increases the risk of Caesarean sections in patients, which is a public health concern. This study was conducted to find out whether any significant association exists between placental abruption and C-section in our set up. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from July 26th, 2011 to May 1st, 2013 (i...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323586/c-reactive-protein-levels-as-a-marker-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-middle-aged-individuals
#19
Nadia Haleem, Irfan Zahid Marwat, Shazia Tauqeer, Sarwat Abbasi
BACKGROUND: coronary heart disease is multifactorial inflammatory process which involves the accumulation of lipid macrophages and intimal plaques in smooth muscle cell in large and medium sized arteries. C reactive protein (CRP) which is an inflammatory marker is considered as global risk assessment for coronary heart disease. The objective of study is to determine the CRP level as risk marker in coronary heart disease in middle aged individuals. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted in Hayatabad medical complex Peshawar and Rehman Medical Institute Peshawar...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323585/knowledge-and-perception-of-areca-smokeless-tobacco-users-about-oral-cancer
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nida Liaquat, Abdul Majeed Jaffar, Muhammad Zeeshan Haroon, Muhammad Bilal Khan, Hammad Habib
BACKGROUND: According to World Health Organization (WHO), six million deaths are attributable to tobacco use globally, of which nearly 1.2 million occur in South-East Asia. Use of smokeless tobacco is highly prevalent in subcontinent and is home to over 250 million smokeless tobacco (ST) users. ST is a major public health problem. It cause localized oral lesions and poses risk for developing oral cancers owing to it containing more than 30 cancer causing substances, in addition to nicotine which is a highly addictive...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
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