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Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504357/the-apathetic-gut
#1
Rubab Ali, Aun Raza Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504356/lymphangioma-of-tongue
#2
Manas Bajpai, Nilesh Pardhe, Manish Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504355/profile-of-original-articles-published-in-2016-by-the-journal-of-ayub-medical-college-pakistan
#3
Masood Ali Shaikh
Journal of Ayub Medical College (JAMC) is the only Medline indexed biomedical journal of Pakistan that is edited and published by a medical college. Assessing the trends of study designs employed, statistical methods used, and statistical analysis software used in the articles of medical journals help understand the sophistication of research published. The objectives of this descriptive study were to assess all original articles published by JAMC in the year 2016. JAMC published 147 original articles in the year 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504354/outcome-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-children-by-using-rotterdam-score-on-computed-tomography
#4
Anwarul Haque, Zehra Dhanani, Amin Ali, Basit Salam, Qalab Abbas, Gohar Javed, Humaira Jurair
BACKGROUND: The Rotterdam Score (RS) on CT head is a new evolving clinical tool as a predictor of mortality in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). The objective of this study is to assess the outcome of children with TBI admitted in paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a tertiary-care, university hospital by using RS. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted on children (age: 1mo -16yr) with TBI admitted in PICU of Aga Khan University Hospital from 2013 to 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504353/a-case-of-thrombosis-due-to-paroxysmal-nocturnal-haemoglobinuria-presenting-at-an-early-age
#5
Qurrat Ul Ain, Huzaifa Saleem, Sarwat Iqbal, Rabia Ghayas
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Haemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired, rare life-threatening disorder characterised by compliment mediated hemolytic anemia, thrombosis and impaired bone marrow function. It occasionally presents in childhood or adolescence. This is a case of a 14-year old female presented with complaints of shortness of breath, palpitation and abdominal pain whose laboratory test results were consistent with Coomb's test negative haemolytic anaemia. Contrast enhanced Computed Tomography Scan (CT scan) of abdomen revealed splanchnic circulation thrombosis as well as partially occluding thrombus in the inferior vena cava...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504352/sprengel-s-deformity
#6
Muhammad Younus Khan Durrani, Amir Humza Sohail, Inamullah Khan, Pervaiz Hashmi
Various shoulder bone deformities have been identified in the pediatric age group, with the most common being undescended scapula. Sprengel's deformity is dysplasia and malposition of the scapula, especially in the supraspinatus portion, mainly due to abnormal descent in the embryonic period. The clavicle is shorter and has a different contour. In some patients cervical spine deformities are also noted. This is a case of 3 years old girl presented to the clinic with difficulty in abducting right shoulder and sleeping with an internal rotation of the right arm...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504351/could-it-be-schistosomiasis
#7
Muhammad Arshad Alvi, Sharifa Alghamdi, Iqtadar Seerat, Omar Al Matarfi
Schistosomiasis may cause diverse symptoms and it is usually not considered as a cause of disease especially in patients with normal immune system. We are reporting an eleven-year-old child who was initially diagnosed as a case of lymphoma but later on proved to be a case of acute schistosomiasis.
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504350/accidental-ingestion-of-toothbrush-an-unusual-foreign-body
#8
Muhammad Asif Rasheed, Ali Kashif, Aneeqa Naz, Sikandar Ali
Toothbrush is a rare foreign body to be ingested accidentally. The unusual shape of the toothbrush with no theoretical possibility of spontaneous passage mandates an interventional approach. If left untreated, it can lead to pressure necrosis, bleeding, perforation and ulceration. An endoscopic attempt in an expert clinic if available is the ideal approach. If failed, surgical management by laparoscope or mini laparotomy should be done. The evaluation for underlying psychiatric disorders like bulimia, schizophrenia or generalized eating disorder should be considered to prevent such recurrence...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504349/choledochal-cyst-and-biliary-stone
#9
Anjum Saeed, Asaad Assiri
Choledochal cyst is not an uncommonly seen entity in children. Presentation may be varied and at different age groups. Abnormal pancreaticobiliary junction is usually a phenomenon in acquired type of choledochal cyst. A four years old child presented with symptoms of acute viral hepatitis A but persistence of symptoms beyond the usual time necessitated other conditions to be considered. Choledochal cyst was the final diagnosis complicating with biliary stone which was managed by surgical excision.
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504348/ectopic-enterobius-vermicularis-infestation-an-extremely-rare-cause-of-mesenteric-lymphadenopathy-mimicking-tuberculous-lymphadenitis
#10
Summaiya Zafar, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Zubair Ahmed
Enterobius vermicularis (EV) is a pinworm which commonly resides in the lumen of the intestinal tract and lays eggs on the perianal skin. However, rarely the worm can infest various other sites in the body and cases with infestation of such ectopic sites have been reported in literature. Rare cases of mesenteric lymph node involvement have also been reported. We report a case in a young male who presented with signs and symptoms of acute appendicitis. During surgery, enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes were identified...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504347/case-of-iatrogenic-cushing-s-syndrome-by-topical-triamcinolone
#11
Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Omer Hanif Janjua, Aiza Latif, Muhammad Aadil
Cushing's syndrome is a collection of signs and symptoms due to hypercortisolism. Prolong use of topical steroid may cause this syndrome and suppression of hypothalamic and pituitary function, however such events are more common with oral and parenteral route. There are very few cases of Cushing's syndrome with a topical application amongst which triamcinolone is the rarest drug. We report a case of 11-year-old boy is presented who developed Cushing's disease by topical application. The child had body rashes for which the caregiver consulted a local quack, a topical cream of triamcinolone was prescribed...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504346/myxedema-coma
#12
Atif Munir
Myxedema may be the first presentation of patients with undiagnosed hypothyroidism. Definitive management is with thyroid hormone but supportive measures, identification and treatment of precipitating factors in an appropriately safe environment are vital. There is no consensus about preferred thyroid hormone regimen. Corticosteroid therapy is given until adrenal insufficiency has been excluded. We present here a case of seventy-four years old woman of myxodema coma.
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504345/role-of-bedside-ultrasound-in-detection-of-bone-fractures-in-pediatrics-and-adults
#13
Iraj GoliKhatir, Farzad Bozorgi, Seyyedeh Masoume Pashaei
During medical devices evolution many modalities and techniques like Computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, wireless capsule endoscopy and double-balloon endoscopy were applied to provide enough evidences for final detection of diseases. As well as current procedures, sonography is a method that individuals are satisfied with it because of various conditions like non-invasive and cheap. Ultrasound is one of the procedures which can be used in diagnosis of fractures and has its own unique feature including different views at the same time with no radiation effects...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504344/do-we-need-to-give-measles-vaccine-to-children-earlier-than-the-currently-recommended-age
#14
Ammarah Jamal, Yousuf SYahya, Muhammad Tariq Karim
BACKGROUND: Measles is a leading cause of death among children. No specific drug has yet been discovered to treat measles but an available vaccine can effectively prevent the infection. In Pakistan children are vaccinated against measles by two doses given at age of nine months onward. The last few years have witnessed an increasing number of measles cases at age lower than nine months. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of the records of Expanded Program on Immunization from all districts of Sindh was performed from January-April 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504343/factors-associated-with-knowledge-perception-and-practice-toward-self-care-among-elderly-patients-suffering-from-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-rural-thailand
#15
Rapat Eknithiset, Ratana Samrongthong, Ramesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Globally, diabetes caused 4.6 million deaths during 2011 and burdened health care systems worldwide with $465 billion. The diabetes prevalence rate in Thailand has risen dramatically in recent years, from just 2.3% in 1991 to 6.9% in 2009. The objective of this study was to explore factors associated with knowledge, perception, and practice toward self-care among elderly type 2 diabetes mellitus patients aged 50-70 years. METHODS: A cross sectional study design was conducted by enrolling 140 aged people of both gender suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus and registered at three clinics of Primary healthcare at Taladnoi, Horathep, and Khokyai, Saraburi, Thailand...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504342/measure-of-frequency-of-alveolar-osteitis-using-two-different-methods-of-osteotomy-in-mandibular-third-molar-impactions-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Hina Rashid, Azmina Hussain, Abdul Hafeez Sheikh, Kehkishan Azam, Sofia Malik, Muhammad Amin
BACKGROUND: Dento-alveolar surgical procedures involving third molar teeth are the most common surgical procedure in the field of surgery. The objective of this research was to analyse the impact of surgery on the incidence of alveolar osteitis after surgical removal of mandibular third molar and to compare two different bone cutting methods following impacted mandibular third molar surgery.. METHODS: This double blinded randomized clinical trial was executed at the OPD of Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504341/perspective-about-mental-illnesses-a-survey-of-health-care-providers-of-abbottabad
#17
Ayesha Laraib, Ayesha Sajjad, Adan Sardar, Mohammad Salim Wazir, Zainab Nazneen
BACKGROUND: Mental Health problems are widespread globally and are the leading causes of disability. The lives of people living with mental illnesses are often drastically altered by the symptoms of the illness and made worse by the society's reaction. Stigmatizing attitude among general population is prevalent. Relatively less research has been done to explore the attitude of health care providers towards mental illness especially so in Pakistan. This study aims to investigate views of healthcare providers of Abbottabad regarding mental illnesses...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504340/immunohistochemical-analysis-of-breast-cancer-subtypes-and-their-correlation-with-ki-67-index
#18
Shagufta Naeem, Shabana Naz, Anila Riyaz, Fouzia Jehangir, Naeema Afzal
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in females including Pakistan. Nowadays immunohistochemistry has revolutionized management of breast cancer. In this study, we determined the frequency of various subtypes of breast cancer on the basis of immunohistochemical staining and their correlation with ki 67 index. METHODS: Fifty consecutive diagnosed breast cancers cases received during the period February 2014 to February 2016, at Ayub Medical College, Pathology Department were included in this cross-sectional study...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504339/perceptions-of-health-professional-students-regarding-waterpipe-smoking-and-its-effects-on-oral-health
#19
Salman Shuja, Azmina Hussain, Sofia Malik, Tahir Rizwan, Muhammad Amin, Ziaullah Choudhry
BACKGROUND: Globally approximately 100 million people are waterpipe smokers and this trend also prevails in Pakistan. It has detrimental effects on general health and oral health. The objective of the study was to determine the perception of health professional students regarding waterpipe smoking (WPS) and to assess their awareness about adverse effects of WPS on oral health. METHODS: A selfadministered questionnaire based cross-sectional study was conducted among health professional students in three medical and dental institutes of Karachi from December 2015 to February 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504338/efficacy-of-a-single-injection-sodium-hyaluronate-treatment-in-lateral-epicondylitis
#20
Inam Ullah Khan, Abdus Saboor Awan, Aimal Sattar Khan, Imran Marwat, Muhammad Meraj
BACKGROUND: Lateral epicondylitis or tennis elbow is a disease of tendons arising from common extensor origin at the lateral epicondyle of elbow and is commonly characterized by pain on supination of forearms as well as extension of fingers and wrists. METHODS: This descriptive case series aims to determine the efficacy of a single-injection sodium hyaluronate treatment for lateral epicondylitis. The study was conducted at the Department of Orthopaedics. Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
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