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Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938447/dermoscopy-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Manas Bajpai, Suresh Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938446/a-molar-tooth-brainstem-with-a-bat-wing-fourth-ventricle-joubert-syndrome
#2
Muhammad Awais, Yousuf Husen, Abdul Rehman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938445/gut-brain-axis-hypothesis-an-innovative-way-to-cure-parkinson-in-pakistan
#3
Zohair Hussain Ali Lilani, Rabbia Tazeem, Sarah Batool, Muhammad Hammad, Namra Sharief
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938444/sample-size-determination-in-health-research
#4
Waqas Sami, Mohammed Othman Alrukban, Tayyaba Waqas, Mohammad Rehan Asad, Kamran Afzal
One of frequently asked question by medical and dental students / researchers is how to determine the sample size. Sample size calculations is necessary for approval of research projects, clearance from ethical committees, approval of grant from funding bodies, publication requirement for journals and most important of all justify the authenticity of study results. Determining the sample size for a study is a crucial component. The goal is to include sufficient numbers of subjects so that statistically significant results can be detected...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938443/polio-elimination-in-pakistan-still-a-dream
#5
Hina Mahmood
Pakistan has failed to achieve polio elimination till yet. Poliomyelitis is a crippling childhood disease, which causes paralysis for life. Aim of this study is to compare the frequency of polio cases in different provinces of Pakistan from 2010 till 2017. Results showed that total of 144 cases of polio were reported in 2010, a rise up to 198 was reported in 2011, a decline in cases was seen in 2012, i.e., 58, again cases rouse up to 93 cases, in 2013. In 2014, 306 cases were reported the rate declined considerably in 2015, i...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938442/low-hba1c-is-it-dapsone
#6
Haris Khan, Maimoona Nawaz
A 51-year-old male was referred to the diabetes clinic by the GP with low HbA1c (13 mmol/mol). His complaints were dizziness and intermittent palpitations for the last two years. No precipitating cause could be identified. He denied any chest pain, shortness of breath or syncope. He had a background of schizophrenia, epilepsy, coeliac disease, depression and dermatitis herpetiformis. He was on dapsone, venlafaxine, procyclidine, furosemide, diazepam, omeprazole, meloxicam and folic acid. On examination, his pulse was 82 beats per minute, blood pressure 131/74 mm of Hg, respiratory rate was 14/minute and his saturations on room air were 94%...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938441/resolution-of-gestational-gigantomastia-with-termination-of-pregnancy
#7
Syed Sarmad Bukhari, Haris Manan, Mah Muneer Khan, Syed Shahmeer Raza
Less than 100 cases of gestational gigantomastia have been described in literature. The aetiology and risk factors are not well-established. Various treatments have been used with some consensus. We present the case of a 47-year-old female who presented to us with bilateral gigantomastia in her 16th week of gestation. She had massively enlarged breasts which were very painful. Relevant laboratory investigations were normal. An incisional biopsy done prior to, and two trucut samples at presentation to us, showed normal breast tissue proliferation...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938440/gastric-emptying-scintigraphy-in-assessment-of-chronic-vomiting
#8
Asif Jielani, Tatheer Fatima, Jawad Akhtar Hussain, Rashid Rasheed
Gastroparesis being multifocal abnormality is characterized by objective feeling of prolong time of gastric retention without any evidence of anatomical blockage. The key symptoms include early satiety, feeling of fullness after meals, nausea, vomiting, bloating, and upper abdominal pain. Radio isotopic Gastric emptying study using radiolabelled test food is integrated clinically for evaluation of functional gastric motility disorders. We present a young female having abdominal pain and vomiting for two months...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938439/forgotten-post-operative-nasal-splint-oro-nasal-fistula
#9
Nadeem Ahmed Sheikh, Kanwal Nadeem
of the oral cavity. It may develop as a congenital defect e.g. cleft palate, or rarely, consequent to an operative procedure like a sub muco-perichondrial resection surgery of the nasal septum. After nasal septal corrective surgery, follow up of the patient with meticulous nasal toilet and detailed examination is mandatory. In operated patients who do not report to follow up, and later on present with persisting nasal discharge, pain, nasal blockage and exsanguination must alert a clinician for any evidence of a possibly retained foreign object...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938438/macrophage-activation-syndrome-associated-with-adult-onset-still-s-disease
#10
Madeeha Gulzar, Ali Sabir, Muhammad Afzal Hamdani, Asma Saadia
Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a potentially lethal complication of chronic rheumatological conditions like ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD). It is a multisystem inflammatory syndrome caused by immense cytokine release from activated lymphocytes and macrophages. We give an account of the incidence of a twenty years old Asian girl suffering from non-remitting fever and an evanescent rash for last ten weeks. Physical examination and laboratory work-up suggested high grade fever, pancytopenia, hyperferritinemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypofibrinogenemia and impaired liver function...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938437/rare-case-of-primary-congenital-glaucoma-with-hypoplasia-corpus-callosum
#11
Prastiya Indra Gunawan, Evelyn Komaratih, Risa Etika, Agus Harianto, Darto Saharso
Primary congenital glaucoma is a rare disease that causes elevated intraocular pressure within the first three years of life. Few studies have explored the association of primary congenital glaucoma with malformation of corpus callosum. We report on a six-month-old female presenting with unilateral primary congenital glaucoma associated with hypoplasia of corpus callosum in Indonesian infant. The patient had already undergone trabeculectomy surgery. However, there no obvious improvement following the procedure given the severity of the condition...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938436/thyroid-abscess-in-children-and-the-world-gets-stranger
#12
Moaziz Sarfaraz, Syeda Rana Hasan, Zahid Qureshi
The eminent feature of the thyroid gland in its resistance to infection by virtue of a rich blood supply and lymphatic drainage. Concomitantly, high iodine content is also bactericidal. Acute suppurative thyroiditis, which leads to primary thyroid abscess, is an unusual type of head and neck infection. And above all, if it is in a paediatric age; it is quite rare. We have the opportunity to present such a noticeable case which was treated successfully by oral antibiotic therapy.
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938435/spontaneous-right-coronary-artery-dissection-in-a-normotensive-post-partum-female
#13
Rizwan Ishtiaq, Asim Saddique, Ali Akram, Mariam Arif, Fida Muhammad, Umer Hassan Chaudhry
Acute myocardial infarction following coronary artery dissection during the post-partum period is a rare entity. Greater hemodynamic stress and hormonal changes increase the risk of developing a coronary artery dissection post-partum. Herein, we report the first case of a normotensive patient from Pakistan that presented with inferior wall myocardial infarction following 10-days postpartum due to right coronary artery dissection. This article highlights the importance of prompt diagnosis and subsequent life-saving treatment...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938434/metastatic-cardiac-melanoma-with-t-wave-inversions
#14
Usman Ali, Ahmed Halian, Najeebullah Khan, Saira Bano Khwaja
A woman in her 70's with a background of ocular malignant melanoma treated more than a decade ago was admitted to hospital with symptoms of dysphagia and exertional shortness of breath. Routine ECG showed a grossly abnormal ECG with T wave inversion in inferolateral leads and some anterior leads. Consequently, echocardiography and CT demonstrated the presence of a large pericardial tumour which on biopsy was found to be metastatic melanoma. Patient was treated with palliative radiotherapy with only temporary initial benefit...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938433/aphallia-a-very-rare-congenital-anomaly-with-associated-genitourinary-and-ano-rectal-malformation
#15
Muhammad Umar Nisar, Nadeem Akhtar, Mudassar Fiaz Gondal, Samer Sikander, Sana Viqar
Aphallia or penile agenesis is very rare congenital anomaly of unknown cause occurring 1 in 30 million live births. Very little has been written in literature about aphallia. There is absent phallus and urethra may open abnormally in perineum or into rectum posing various surgical, social and psychological implications as the child grows. We are presenting 03 cases of aphallia with associated congenital anomalies such as unilateral renal agenesis, bilateral undescended testes, anorectal malformation and rectovasical fistula...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938432/treatment-of-breast-cancer-review-and-updates
#16
Muhammad Furrukh, Asim Qureshi
Cancer of the breast is the leading female cancer accounting for one fourth of the malignancies. The tumour remains the most researched, read and practiced upon around the Globe. The treatment has substantially improved breast cancer related outcomes, both for early as well as late stages with substantial improvements in disease free and overall survival. Therapeutic decisions not only rest on clinical & tumour characteristics, but also with the evolution of molecular biology and tissue microarray intrinsic sub-types have been found...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938431/nutritional-assessment-focusing-on-women-and-children-in-palas-valley-kohistan
#17
Romana Irshad, Ayesha Khan, Adeela Mustafa, Umer Farooq
BACKGROUND: Proper nutrition and health are fundamental rights and nutrition is a cornerstone that affects and defines the health of all people, rich and poor. The study was done with the objectives to assess the people of Palas valley with regard to their nutritional status and dietary habits to devise ways and means to overcome primary and associated reasons for these problems. METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study residents of Palas valley of district Kohistan were included in the study through multistage cluster sampling method...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938430/axial-spondyloarthritis-in-patients-with-chronic-backache-using-assessment-of-spondyloarthritis-international-society-criteria-for-axial-spondyloarthritis
#18
Tabe Rasool, Tahira Perveen Umer, Lubna Nazir, Shafique Rehman Arain, Kausar Phulpoto, Warda Afzal
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is considered as one of the most frequent health problems which is responsible for forming a huge worldwide burden. This study was conducted with the aim to determine the frequency of axial-Spondyloarthropathy (axSpA) in patients presenting with chronic backache using Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) Criteria for axSpA. METHODS: A total of 231 participants of either gender were enrolled with complaint of backache of more than or equal to 3 months duration and younger than 45 years...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938429/perception-of-health-professionals-towards-the-scope-of-family-medicine-in-the-healthcare-system-of-pakistan
#19
Abdul Jalil Khan, Sajad Ahmad, Mohammed Aziz
BACKGROUND: Background: Primary health care is the backbone of comprehensive healthcare systems, and family physicians complement horizontal health coverage. In the developed world family medicine is integral to new doctors' training but, in the developing world, there are hurdles, e.g., poorly targeted financing, lack of skills and resources, and little health professionals' interest in the specialty. METHODS: This study determined perceptions of undergraduate and postgraduate medical trainees and healthcare professionals in Pakistan about family medicine...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938428/success-and-safety-of-misoprostol-for-treatment-of-early-pregnancy-failure
#20
Quratulann Nazir, Sadia Habib, Ruqqia Sultana, Muhammad Munir Noor, Zahida Parveen
BACKGROUND: Early pregnancy failure is a common complication in pregnancies. It can be managed medically as well as surgically. Lately there has been an emphasis on medical management of early pregnancy failure. Misoprostol, a Prostaglandin E1 analogue has been found to be safe and effective in treatment of early pregnancy failure. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that was conducted at the department of gynaecology and obstetrics, Ayub teaching hospital Abbottabad from Jan 2015 to Dec 2016...
April 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
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