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Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368914/intraoperative-neurological-monitoring-with-evoked-potentials-during-carotid-endarterectomy-versus-cooperative-patients-under-general-anesthesia-technique-a-retrospective-study
#1
Valeria MarinĂ², Fulvio Aloj, Maria Vargas, Gianmario Spinelli, Francesco Pompeo, Luigi Chiacchiari, Giuseppe Servillo, Elio Franco
INTRODUCTION: The best technique to evaluate contralateral carotid flow during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is still debated; an accurate detection of efficient contralateral blood flow can avoid unnecessary shunt placement and its complications. The aim of this retrospective observational study was to evaluate and compare the safety and efficacy of general anesthesia with motor-evoked potential and somatosensory-evoked potentials (mSSEP and tcMEP) versus cooperative patients under general anesthesia (CPGA) technique for CEA...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368913/reduction-in-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-mediated-cell-death-in-hippocampal-neurons-by-glucose-reduction-preconditioning
#2
Ning Yang, Pablo Gabatto, Philip E Bickler
BACKGROUND: Repeated episodes of reduced glucose availability can precondition the brain against damage caused by severe hypoglycemia. Because N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor activation may contribute to neuronal loss in the hippocampus following glucose deprivation, we tested the hypothesis that preconditioning with reduced glucose decreased NMDA receptor-mediated cell death in hippocampal neurons. METHODS: Hippocampal slice cultures from 7-day old rats were used to study glucose reduction preconditioning and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-mediated cell death...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368912/toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-in-a-neurosurgical-patient
#3
Kamath Sriganesh, Badri P Dash, K V L Narasinga Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338505/effects-of-hypertonic-saline-and-sodium-lactate-on-cortical-cerebral-microcirculation-and-brain-tissue-oxygenation
#4
Vlasta Dostalova, Jitka Schreiberova, Vlasta Dostalova, Jiri Paral, Jaroslav Kraus, Alena Ticha, Vera Radochova, Pavel Dostal
BACKGROUND: Hyperosmolar solutions have been used in neurosurgery to modify brain bulk. The aim of this animal study was to compare the short-term effects of equivolemic, equiosmolar solutions of hypertonic saline (HTS) and sodium lactate (HTL) on cerebral cortical microcirculation and brain tissue oxygenation in a rabbit craniotomy model. METHODS: Rabbits (weight, 1.5 to 2.0 kg) were anesthetized, ventilated mechanically, and subjected to a craniotomy. The animals were allocated randomly to receive a 3...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338504/ventilation-with-high-or-low-tidal-volume-with-peep-does-not-influence-lung-function-after-spinal-surgery-in-prone-position-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Sarah Soh, Jae-Kwang Shim, Yoon Ha, Young-Sam Kim, Hyelin Lee, Young-Lan Kwak
BACKGROUND: Spinal surgery in the prone position is accompanied by increased intrathoracic pressure and decreased respiratory compliance. This study investigated whether intraoperative lung protective mechanical ventilation improved lung function evaluated with pulmonary function tests in patients at risk of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) after major spinal surgery in the prone position. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients at potential risk of PPCs were randomly assigned to the protective group (tidal volume; 6 mL/kg predicted body weight, 6 cm H2O positive end-expiratory pressure with recruitment maneuvers) or the conventional group (10 mL/kg predicted body weight, no positive end-expiratory pressure)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288035/spurious-hypoxemia-during-craniotomy
#6
Sukhbir Walha, Donald Penning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266952/mri-sedation-for-patient-with-spinal-myoclonus
#7
Ravitej Bhat, Sudhir Venkataramaiah, Aarthi Swaminathan, Dhritiman Chakrabarti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266951/a-case-of-uvular-ulceration-after-spine-surgery
#8
Dheeraj Masapu, Dhanveer J Shetty, Sunil Kumar, Satish Rudrappa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266950/postoperative-analgesia-after-wound-infiltration-with-tramadol-and-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-ropivacaine-for-lumbar-discectomies-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Saikat Mitra, Shobha Purohit, Mamta Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Crippling postoperative pain linked with lumbar discectomies not only shackles patient's normal daily activities but also lengthens their hospital stay. So, allaying postoperative pain in these patients has become a substantive component in neuroanesthesia to expedite neurological recovery. Wound infiltration with local anesthetics is widely used to optimize postoperative pain. Different adjuvants like dexmedetomidine and tramadol when added to local anesthetics prolongs postoperative analgesia...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240618/epidural-blood-patch-in-children-under-anesthesia-is-there-an-indication-for-neuromonitoring
#10
Ali Kandil, Gregory Smith, Mohamed Mahmoud, Todd Abruzzo, Sudhakar Vadivelu, Rajeev Subramanyam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240617/awake-craniotomy-during-pregnancy
#11
Ali M Al Mashani, Azmat Ali, Nilay Chatterjee, Neelam Suri, Samaresh Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225470/life-threatening-tachyarrhythmia-following-intra-arterial-milrinone-for-cerebral-vasospasm
#12
Smita Vimala, Soumya Madhusudhan, Bimal K Sahoo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225469/cerebral-sinus-thrombosis-in-parturient
#13
Anna A Chevakina, Vladimir V Merenkov, Yulia S Dyatlova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225468/bilateral-mydriasis-secondary-to-propofol-administration-in-a-patient-with-hypertensive-cerebellar-hemorrhage
#14
Weiji Weng, Weizhen Gao, Xiaochun Zhao, Qing Mao, Guoyi Gao, Junfeng Feng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225467/comparison-of-anesthetic-management-and-outcomes-in-patients-having-either-transnasal-or-transoral-endoscopic-odontoid-process-surgery
#15
Matthew A Sexton, Arnoley S Abcejo, Jeffrey J Pasternak
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic neurosurgical procedures involving the upper cervical vertebrae are challenging due to a narrow operating field and close proximity to vital anatomical structures. Historically, transoropharyngeal (transoral) endoscopy has been the preferred approach. More recently, however, an endoscopic transnasal approach was developed as an alternative method in hopes to reduce postoperative dysphagia, a common complication following transoral neurosurgery. METHODS: Twenty-two endoscopic neurosurgical cases involving the odontoid or C1 vertebra were reviewed between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2015 (17 and 5 through transoral and transnasal approaches, respectively)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169969/yet-another-absolute-indication-for-rapid-sequence-intubation
#16
Suparna Bharadwaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169967/a-pediatric-case-with-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-and-neurogenic-pulmonary-edema-due-to-an-epidural-hemorrhage
#17
Yuki Nakamori, Noriko Miyazawa, Kenji Yoshitani, Shinichi Yamamoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169966/perioperative-management-of-adult-patients-with-external-ventricular-and-lumbar-drains-guidelines-from-the-society-for-neuroscience-in-anesthesiology-and-critical-care
#18
Abhijit V Lele, Amie L Hoefnagel, Nina Schloemerkemper, David A Wyler, Nophanan Chaikittisilpa, Monica S Vavilala, Bhiken I Naik, James H Williams, Lakshmikumar Venkat Raghavan, Ines P Koerner
External ventricular drains and lumbar drains are commonly used to divert cerebrospinal fluid and to measure cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Although commonly encountered in the perioperative setting and critical for the care of neurosurgical patients, there are no guidelines regarding their management in the perioperative period. To address this gap in the literature, The Society for Neuroscience in Anesthesiology & Critical Care tasked an expert group to generate evidence-based guidelines. The document generated targets clinicians involved in perioperative care of patients with indwelling external ventricular and lumbar drains...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225471/neuroanesthesiology-update
#19
Jeffrey J Pasternak, William L Lanier
We reviewed manuscripts published in 2016 that are related to the care of neurosurgical patients or the perioperative care of patients with neurological diseases. We address the broad categories of general neurosurgery and neuroanesthesiology, anesthetic neurotoxicity and neuroprotection, stroke, traumatic brain injury, and nervous system monitoring.
April 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26797107/the-impact-of-prehospital-intubation-with-and-without-sedation-on-outcome-in-trauma-patients-with-a-gcs-of-8-or-less
#20
Michael Hoffmann, Patrick Czorlich, Wolfgang Lehmann, Alexander S Spiro, Johannes M Rueger, Rolf Lefering
BACKGROUND: Although unconsciousness (Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS] 3 to 8) necessitates intubation according national guidelines, there is a notable lack of evidence to support this approach. This study evaluates the impact on outcome of prehospital intubation with and without sedation in trauma patients with a GCS of ≤8. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis of severely injured trauma patients registered in the TraumaRegister DGU of the German Trauma Society (DGU) from 2002 to 2013 was conducted...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
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