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Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538331/jna-journal-club
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538330/simultaneous-surgical-decompression-of-bilateral-subdural-hematoma-and-an-administration-of-epidural-blood-patch-for-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension
#2
Ramamani Mariappan, Amitav Philip, Edmond J Gandham, Krishnaprabhu Raju
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538329/perioperative-care-for-pediatric-patients-with-penetrating-brain-injury-a-review
#3
Marco Mikhael, Elizabeth Frost, Maria Cristancho
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) continues to be the leading cause of death and acquired disability in young children and adolescents, due to blunt or penetrating trauma, the latter being less common but more lethal. Penetrating brain injury (PBI) has not been studied extensively, mainly reported as case reports or case series, due to the assumption that both types of brain injury have common pathophysiology and consequently common management. However, recommendations and guidelines for the management of PBI differ from those of blunt TBI in regards to neuroimaging, intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring, and surgical management including those pertaining to vascular injury...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368912/toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-in-a-neurosurgical-patient
#4
Kamath Sriganesh, Badri P Das, K V L Narasinga Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498141/the-asa-committee-for-neuroanesthesia-and-anesthesia-quality-institute-report-for-demographic-patterns-for-neurosurgical-anesthesia-practice-in-the-united-states
#5
Ehab Farag, Benjamin Westlake, Richard P Dutton, Edward J Mascha, W Andrew Kofke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498140/effect-of-albumin-in-combination-with-mannitol-on-whole-blood-coagulation-in-vitro-assessed-by-thromboelastometry
#6
Kadri Lillemäe, Antti T Laine, Alexey Schramko, Tomi T Niemi
BACKGROUND: Albumin and mannitol may interfere with hemostasis, but their coinfluence is unclear. We aimed to determine the effects of albumin alone and in combination with mannitol or Ringer acetate (RAC) on hemostasis in crossover in vitro study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From citrated fresh whole blood withdrawn from 10 volunteers, we prepared 2.5, 5, 10, 15, and 20 vol% dilutions of 4% albumin (Alb group). Each sample was thereafter diluted by 15% mannitol (Alb/Man group) or RAC (Alb/RAC group) at a ratio of 9:1...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498139/jna-journal-club
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498138/epidural-injection-of-platelet-rich-plasma-for-postlumbar-puncture-headaches
#8
Adnan I Qureshi, Asad Ahrar, Vikram Jadhav, Shawn S Wallery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459729/trends-and-outcomes-of-early-versus-late-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-placement-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-nationwide-population-based-study
#9
Rabail Chaudhry, Naveen Kukreja, Alex Tse, Greesha Pednekar, Anas Mouchli, Linda Young, Oksana Didyuk, Robert C Wegner, Navneet Grewal, George W Williams
BACKGROUND: Oral intake for traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients is often not an option because of facial trauma, swallowing dysfunctions, altered consciousness, etc. These patients often require percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement for nutrition support. To date, there is lack of studies examining the relationship between the timing of PEG placement and patient outcome in the TBI group. METHODS: We conducted a population-based study in a retrospective cohort of TBI patients undergoing PEG, using the national inpatient sample for years 2011 to 2013...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368914/intraoperative-neurological-monitoring-with-evoked-potentials-during-carotid-endarterectomy-versus-cooperative-patients-under-general-anesthesia-technique-a-retrospective-study
#10
Valeria Marinò, Fulvio Aloj, Maria Vargas, Gianmario Spinelli, Francesco Pompeo, Luigi Chiacchiari, Giuseppe Servillo, Elio Franco
INTRODUCTION: The best technique to evaluate contralateral carotid flow during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is still debated; an accurate detection of efficient contralateral blood flow can avoid unnecessary shunt placement and its complications. The aim of this retrospective observational study was to evaluate and compare the safety and efficacy of general anesthesia with motor-evoked potential and somatosensory-evoked potentials (mSSEP and tcMEP) versus cooperative patients under general anesthesia (CPGA) technique for CEA...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368913/reduction-in-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-mediated-cell-death-in-hippocampal-neurons-by-glucose-reduction-preconditioning
#11
Ning Yang, Pablo Gabatto, Philip E Bickler
BACKGROUND: Repeated episodes of reduced glucose availability can precondition the brain against damage caused by severe hypoglycemia. Because N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor activation may contribute to neuronal loss in the hippocampus following glucose deprivation, we tested the hypothesis that preconditioning with reduced glucose decreased NMDA receptor-mediated cell death in hippocampal neurons. METHODS: Hippocampal slice cultures from 7-day old rats were used to study glucose reduction preconditioning and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-mediated cell death...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338505/effects-of-hypertonic-saline-and-sodium-lactate-on-cortical-cerebral-microcirculation-and-brain-tissue-oxygenation
#12
Vlasta Dostalova, Jitka Schreiberova, Vlasta Dostalova, Jiri Paral, Jaroslav Kraus, Alena Ticha, Vera Radochova, Pavel Dostal
BACKGROUND: Hyperosmolar solutions have been used in neurosurgery to modify brain bulk. The aim of this animal study was to compare the short-term effects of equivolemic, equiosmolar solutions of hypertonic saline (HTS) and sodium lactate (HTL) on cerebral cortical microcirculation and brain tissue oxygenation in a rabbit craniotomy model. METHODS: Rabbits (weight, 1.5 to 2.0 kg) were anesthetized, ventilated mechanically, and subjected to a craniotomy. The animals were allocated randomly to receive a 3...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338504/ventilation-with-high-or-low-tidal-volume-with-peep-does-not-influence-lung-function-after-spinal-surgery-in-prone-position-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Sarah Soh, Jae-Kwang Shim, Yoon Ha, Young-Sam Kim, Hyelin Lee, Young-Lan Kwak
BACKGROUND: Spinal surgery in the prone position is accompanied by increased intrathoracic pressure and decreased respiratory compliance. This study investigated whether intraoperative lung protective mechanical ventilation improved lung function evaluated with pulmonary function tests in patients at risk of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) after major spinal surgery in the prone position. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients at potential risk of PPCs were randomly assigned to the protective group (tidal volume; 6 mL/kg predicted body weight, 6 cm H2O positive end-expiratory pressure with recruitment maneuvers) or the conventional group (10 mL/kg predicted body weight, no positive end-expiratory pressure)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288035/spurious-hypoxemia-during-craniotomy
#14
Sukhbir Walha, Donald Penning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266952/mri-sedation-for-patient-with-spinal-myoclonus
#15
Ravitej Bhat, Sudhir Venkataramaiah, Aarthi Swaminathan, Dhritiman Chakrabarti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266951/a-case-of-uvular-ulceration-after-spine-surgery
#16
Dheeraj Masapu, Dhanveer J Shetty, Sunil Kumar, Satish Rudrappa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266950/postoperative-analgesia-after-wound-infiltration-with-tramadol-and-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-ropivacaine-for-lumbar-discectomies-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Saikat Mitra, Shobha Purohit, Mamta Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Crippling postoperative pain linked with lumbar discectomies not only shackles patient's normal daily activities but also lengthens their hospital stay. So, allaying postoperative pain in these patients has become a substantive component in neuroanesthesia to expedite neurological recovery. Wound infiltration with local anesthetics is widely used to optimize postoperative pain. Different adjuvants like dexmedetomidine and tramadol when added to local anesthetics prolongs postoperative analgesia...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225471/neuroanesthesiology-update
#18
Jeffrey J Pasternak, William L Lanier
We reviewed manuscripts published in 2016 that are related to the care of neurosurgical patients or the perioperative care of patients with neurological diseases. We address the broad categories of general neurosurgery and neuroanesthesiology, anesthetic neurotoxicity and neuroprotection, stroke, traumatic brain injury, and nervous system monitoring.
April 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26797107/the-impact-of-prehospital-intubation-with-and-without-sedation-on-outcome-in-trauma-patients-with-a-gcs-of-8-or-less
#19
Michael Hoffmann, Patrick Czorlich, Wolfgang Lehmann, Alexander S Spiro, Johannes M Rueger, Rolf Lefering
BACKGROUND: Although unconsciousness (Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS] 3 to 8) necessitates intubation according national guidelines, there is a notable lack of evidence to support this approach. This study evaluates the impact on outcome of prehospital intubation with and without sedation in trauma patients with a GCS of ≤8. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis of severely injured trauma patients registered in the TraumaRegister DGU of the German Trauma Society (DGU) from 2002 to 2013 was conducted...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26641648/use-of-dexmedetomidine-for-prophylactic-analgesia-and-sedation-in-patients-with-delayed-extubation-after-craniotomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Li-Hong Zhao, Zhong-Hua Shi, Guang-Qiang Chen, Ning-Ning Yin, Han Chen, Yuan Yuan, Wei Cao, Ming Xu, Jing-Jing Hao, Jian-Xin Zhou
BACKGROUND: We conducted a randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine for prophylactic analgesia and sedation in patients with delayed extubation after craniotomy. METHODS: From June 2012 to July 2014, 150 patients with delayed extubation after craniotomy were randomized 1:1 and were assigned to the dexmedetomidine group that received a continuous infusion of 0.6 μg/kg/h (10 μg/mL) or the control group that received a maintenance infusion of 0...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
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