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Development and Psychopathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151387/affective-family-interactions-and-their-associations-with-adolescent-depression-a-dynamic-network-approach
#1
Nadja Bodner, Peter Kuppens, Nicholas B Allen, Lisa B Sheeber, Eva Ceulemans
The prevalence of depression rises steeply during adolescence. Family processes have been identified as one of the important factors that contribute to affect (dys)regulation during adolescence. In this study, we explored the affect expressed by mothers, fathers, and adolescents during a problem-solving interaction and investigated whether the patterns of the affective interactions differed between families with depressed adolescents and families with nondepressed adolescents. A network approach was used to depict the frequencies of different affects, concurrent expressions of affect, and the temporal sequencing of affective behaviors among family members...
November 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151386/dysregulation-in-children-origins-and-implications-from-age-5-to-age-28
#2
Maureen E McQuillan, Ebru C Kultur, John E Bates, Lauren M O'Reilly, Kenneth A Dodge, Jennifer E Lansford, Gregory S Pettit
Research shows that childhood dysregulation is associated with later psychiatric disorders. It does not yet resolve discrepancies in the operationalization of dysregulation. It is also far from settled on the origins and implications of individual differences in dysregulation. This study tested several operational definitions of dysregulation using Achenbach attention, anxious/depressed, and aggression subscales. Individual growth curves of dysregulation were computed, and predictors of growth differences were considered...
November 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151377/early-childhood-parenting-and-child-impulsivity-as-precursors-to-aggression-substance-use-and-risky-sexual-behavior-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood
#3
Rochelle F Hentges, Daniel S Shaw, Ming-Te Wang
The current study utilized a longitudinal design to explore the effect of early child impulsivity and rejecting parenting on the development of problematic behaviors in adolescence and early adulthood. Using a low-income sample of 310 mothers and their sons, we examined the direct and interactive effects of child impulsivity and rejecting parenting at age 2 on aggression and substance use at ages 12, 15, and 22, as well as risky sexual behavior at ages 15 and 22. Results revealed that rejecting parenting at age 2 predicted greater aggression at age 12 and risky sexual behavior at ages 15 and 22...
November 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144227/maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-executive-function-what-do-we-know-and-what-are-the-next-steps
#4
Lauren Micalizzi, Valerie S Knopik
Children exposed to maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) exhibit difficulties in executive function (EF) from infancy through adolescence. Due to the developmental significance of EF as a predictor of adaptive functioning throughout the life span, the MSDP-EF relation has clear public health implications. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive review of the literature on the relationship between MSDP and offspring EF across development; consider brain-based assessments, animal models, and genetically informed studies in an effort to elucidate plausible pathways of effects; discuss implications for prevention and intervention; and make calls to action for future research...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144226/do-executive-functions-explain-the-covariance-between-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors
#5
Alexander S Hatoum, Soo Hyun Rhee, Robin P Corley, John K Hewitt, Naomi P Friedman
This study examined whether executive functions (EFs) might be common features of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems across development. We examined relations between three EF latent variables (a common EF factor and factors specific to updating working memory and shifting sets), constructed from nine laboratory tasks administered at age 17, to latent growth intercept (capturing stability) and slope (capturing change) factors of teacher- and parent-reported internalizing and externalizing behaviors in 885 individual twins aged 7 to 16 years...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144224/violence-exposure-and-neural-systems-underlying-working-memory-for-emotional-stimuli-in-youth
#6
Jessica L Jenness, Maya L Rosen, Kelly A Sambrook, Meg J Dennison, Hilary K Lambert, Margaret A Sheridan, Katie A McLaughlin
Violence exposure during childhood is common and associated with poor cognitive and academic functioning. However, little is known about how violence exposure influences cognitive processes that might contribute to these disparities, such as working memory, or their neural underpinnings, particularly for cognitive processes that occur in emotionally salient contexts. We address this gap in a sample of 54 participants aged 8 to 19 years (50% female), half with exposure to interpersonal violence. Participants completed a delayed match to sample task for emotional faces while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144222/child-language-and-parenting-antecedents-and-externalizing-outcomes-of-emotion-regulation-pathways-across-early-childhood-a-person-centered-approach
#7
Jason José Bendezú, Pamela M Cole, Patricia Z Tan, Laura Marie Armstrong, Elizabeth B Reitz, Rachel M Wolf
Decreases in children's anger reactivity because of the onset of their autonomous use of strategies characterizes the prevailing model of the development of emotion regulation in early childhood (Kopp, 1989). There is, however, limited evidence of the varied pathways that mark this development and their proposed antecedents and consequences. This study used a person-centered approach to identify such pathways, antecedents, and outcomes. A sample of 120 children from economically strained rural and semirural households were observed while waiting to open a gift at ages 24, 36, and 48 months...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144220/is-low-cognitive-functioning-a-predictor-or-consequence-of-major-depressive-disorder-a-test-in-two-longitudinal-birth-cohorts
#8
Jonathan D Schaefer, Matthew A Scult, Avshalom Caspi, Louise Arseneault, Daniel W Belsky, Ahmad R Hariri, Honalee Harrington, Renate Houts, Sandhya Ramrakha, Richie Poulton, Terrie E Moffitt
Cognitive impairment has been identified as an important aspect of major depressive disorder (MDD). We tested two theories regarding the association between MDD and cognitive functioning using data from longitudinal cohort studies. One theory, the cognitive reserve hypothesis, suggests that higher cognitive ability in childhood decreases risk of later MDD. The second, the scarring hypothesis, instead suggests that MDD leads to persistent cognitive deficits following disorder onset. We tested both theories in the Dunedin Study, a population-representative cohort followed from birth to midlife and assessed repeatedly for both cognitive functioning and psychopathology...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144209/bidirectional-associations-between-body-dissatisfaction-and-depressive-symptoms-from-adolescence-through-early-adulthood
#9
Helen Sharpe, Praveetha Patalay, Tse-Hwei Choo, Melanie Wall, Susan M Mason, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms are commonly experienced during adolescence and increase the risk of adverse health outcomes, especially eating disorders. However, the dominant temporal associations between these two experiences (i.e., whether one is a risk factor for the other or the two are mutually reinforcing) has yet to be fully explored. We examined the associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms assessed at baseline and 5- and 10-year follow-up in younger (M age = 12...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117871/language-difficulties-and-internalizing-problems-bidirectional-associations-from-18-months-to-8-years-among-boys-and-girls
#10
Siri Saugestad Helland, Espen Røysamb, Mari Vaage Wang, Kristin Gustavson
Studies have shown that early language difficulties are associated with later internalizing problems. Less is known about the nature of the association: the bidirectional relationship over time, the role of different types of language difficulties, and gender differences. The present study examined bidirectional longitudinal associations between parent-rated language difficulties and internalizing problems in a four-wave cross-lagged model from 18 months to 8 years. Data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study were used (N = 114,000)...
November 9, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929995/endocrinological-and-subjective-stress-responses-in-children-with-depressive-anxiety-or-externalizing-disorders
#11
Stephanie Stadelmann, Sonia Jaeger, Tina Matuschek, Yoon Ju Bae, Kai von Klitzing, Annette Maria Klein, Mirko Döhnert
In this study, we used a stress test to investigate endocrinological and subjective stress responses of 8- to 14-year-old children with internalizing or externalizing disorders and healthy controls. The sample (N = 170) consisted of clinical and community children. Parents were given a diagnostic interview to diagnose their children's psychiatric condition. We measured saliva cortisol and subjectively experienced arousal in children before and after the Trier Social Stress Test for Children. Children also rated their performance immediately after the stress test, and 1 hr later they rated their positive and negative thoughts about this stressful event...
September 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925351/parenting-practices-in-middle-childhood-mediate-the-relation-between-growing-up-with-a-parent-having-bipolar-disorder-and-offspring-psychopathology-from-childhood-into-early-adulthood
#12
Vanessa Iacono, Leah Beaulieu, Sheilagh Hodgins, Mark A Ellenbogen
The offspring of parents with bipolar disorder (OBD) are at high risk for developing mental disorders. In addition to genetic factors, environmental risk is purported to be associated with these negative outcomes. However, few studies have examined this relation. Using concurrent and longitudinal data, we examined if support, structure, and control provided by parents in middle childhood mediated the relation between having a parent with or without bipolar disorder, and offspring mental health. The sample included 145 offspring (77 OBD, 68 controls) aged 4 to 14 years and their parents...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925350/beliefs-in-social-inclusion-invariance-in-associations-among-hope-dysfunctional-attitudes-and-social-inclusion-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#13
Clio Berry, Kathryn Greenwood
Social disability in youth is an important precursor of long-term social and mental health problems. Social inclusion is a key policy driver and fits well within a new paradigm of health and well-being rather than illness-oriented services, yet little is known about social inclusion and its facilitators for "healthy" young people. We present a novel exploratory structural analysis of social inclusion using measures from 387 14- to 36-year-olds. Our model represents social inclusion as comprising social activity and community belonging, with both domains predicted by hopeful and dysfunctional self-beliefs but hopefulness more uniquely predicting social inclusion in adolescence...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925343/developmental-pathways-from-maltreatment-to-risk-behavior-sexual-behavior-as-a-catalyst
#14
Sonya Negriff
Although delinquency, substance use, and sexual activity are established to be highly intercorrelated, the extant research provides minimal evidence in support of one particular sequence of risk behavior or on the cascade effects from maltreatment. The present study tested a longitudinal model incorporating maltreatment, deviant peers, sexual behavior, delinquency, and substance use to elucidate the sequential pathway(s) from maltreatment to each specific risk behavior throughout adolescence. Data came from a longitudinal study on the effects of maltreatment on adolescent development (N = 454) with four study assessments from early (Time 1 M age = 10...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925341/physiological-attunement-in-mother-infant-dyads-at-clinical-high-risk-the-influence-of-maternal-depression-and-positive-parenting
#15
Cassandra L Hendrix, Zachary N Stowe, D Jeffrey Newport, Patricia A Brennan
A growing number of research studies have examined the intradyadic coregulation (or attunement) of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning in mothers and their children. However, it is unclear how early this coregulation may be present in dyads at clinical high risk and whether certain factors, such as maternal depression or positive parenting, are associated with the strength of this coregulation. The present study examined cortisol attunement within mother-infant dyads in a high-risk sample of 233 mothers who received treatment for psychiatric illness during pregnancy and whose infants were 6 months old at the study visit...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918760/effects-of-a-school-readiness-intervention-on-hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal-axis-functioning-and-school-adjustment-for-children-in-foster-care
#16
Alice M Graham, Katherine C Pears, Hyoun K Kim, Jacqueline Bruce, Philip A Fisher
Maltreated children in foster care are at high risk for dysregulated hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning and educational difficulties. The present study examined the effects of a short-term school readiness intervention on HPA axis functioning in response to the start of kindergarten, a critical transition marking entry to formal schooling, and whether altered HPA axis functioning influenced children's school adjustment. Compared to a foster care comparison group, children in the intervention group showed a steeper diurnal cortisol slope on the first day of school, a pattern previously observed among nonmaltreated children...
September 18, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745261/examining-bidirectional-relationships-between-parenting-and-child-maladjustment-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-9-year-longitudinal-study-corrigendum
#17
Lisa M Dieleman, Sarah S W De Pauw, Bart Soenens, Wim Beyers, Peter Prinzie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397610/the-mediating-roles-of-cortisol-reactivity-and-executive-functioning-difficulties-in-the-pathways-between-childhood-histories-of-emotional-insecurity-and-adolescent-school-problems
#18
Meredith J Martin, Patrick T Davies, E Mark Cummings, Dante Cicchetti
This study tested a hypothesized cascade in which children's insecure representations of the interparental relationship increase their school problems by altering children's cortisol reactivity to stress and their executive functioning. Participants included 235 families. The first of five measurement occasions occurred when the children were in kindergarten (M age = 6 years), and they were followed through the transition to high school. The results indicated that children's histories of insecure representations of the interparental relationship during the early school years were associated with executive functioning difficulties in adolescence (M age = 14 years)...
October 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367763/externalizing-and-internalizing-pathways-to-mexican-american-adolescents-risk-taking
#19
Nancy A Gonzales, Yu Liu, Michaeline Jensen, Jenn Yun Tein, Rebecca M B White, Julianna Deardorff
This study used four waves of data from a longitudinal study of 749 Mexican origin youths to test a developmental cascades model linking contextual adversity in the family and peer domains in late childhood to a sequence of unfolding processes hypothesized to predict problem substance use and risky sexual activity (greater number of sex partners) in late adolescence. Externalizing and internalizing problems were tested as divergent pathways, with youth-reported and mother-reported symptoms examined in separate models...
October 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290253/the-interaction-between-parenting-and-children-s-cortisol-reactivity-at-age-3-predicts-increases-in-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms-at-age-6
#20
Chelsey S Barrios, Sara J Bufferd, Daniel N Klein, Lea R Dougherty
Little is known about the role of stress reactivity in the emergence of psychopathology across early childhood. In this longitudinal study, we tested the hypothesis that child cortisol reactivity at age 3 moderates associations between early parenting and children's internalizing and externalizing symptoms from age 3 to age 6. One hundred and sixty children were assessed at age 3, and 135 children were reassessed at age 6. At age 3, we exposed children to stress-inducing laboratory tasks, during which we obtained four salivary cortisol samples, and parental hostility was assessed using an observational parent-child interaction task...
October 2017: Development and Psychopathology
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