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Development and Psychopathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248020/gene-%C3%A3-environment-contributions-to-autonomic-stress-reactivity-in-youth
#1
Andrea G Allegrini, Brittany E Evans, Susanne de Rooij, Kirstin Greaves-Lord, Anja C Huizink
Dysregulated physiological stress reactivity has been suggested to impact the development of children and adolescents with important health consequences throughout the life span. Both environmental adversity and genetic predispositions can lead to physiological imbalances in stress systems, which in turn lead to developmental differences. We investigated genetic and environmental contributions to autonomic nervous system reactivity to a psychosocial stressor. Furthermore, we tested whether these effects were consistent with the differential susceptibility framework...
December 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248019/refining-the-assessment-of-disrupted-maternal-communication-using-item-response-models-to-identify-central-indicators-of-disrupted-behavior
#2
John D Haltigan, Sheri Madigan, Elisa Bronfman, Heidi N Bailey, Catherine Borland-Kerr, Roger Mills-Koonce, Karlen Lyons-Ruth
The Atypical Maternal Behavior Instrument for Assessment and Classification (AMBIANCE; Bronfman, Madigan, & Lyons-Ruth, 2009-2014; Bronfman, Parsons, & Lyons-Ruth, 1992-2004) is a widely used and well-validated measure for assessing disrupted forms of caregiver responsiveness within parent-child interactions. However, it requires evaluating approximately 150 behavioral items from videotape and extensive training to code, thus making its use impractical in most clinical contexts. Accordingly, the primary aim of the current study was to identify a reduced set of behavioral indicators most central to the AMBIANCE coding system using latent-trait item response theory (IRT) models...
December 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233201/intergenerational-transmission-of-violence-the-mediating-role-of-adolescent-psychopathology-symptoms
#3
Sabina Low, Stacey S Tiberio, Joann Wu Shortt, Carrie Mulford, J Mark Eddy, Deborah M Capaldi
Evidence on the intergenerational continuity of intimate partner violence (IPV) suggests small to moderate associations between childhood exposure and young adult IPV involvement, suggesting an indirect effects model. Yet, few prospective studies have formally tested meditational mechanisms. The current study tested a prospective (over 9 years) moderated-mediational model in which adolescent psychopathology symptoms (i.e., internalizing, externalizing, and combined) mediated the association between exposure to IPV in middle childhood and young adult IPV perpetration...
December 13, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229018/prenatal-influences-on-temperament-development-the-role-of-environmental-epigenetics
#4
Maria A Gartstein, Michael K Skinner
This review summarizes current knowledge and outlines future directions relevant to questions concerning environmental epigenetics and the processes that contribute to temperament development. Links between prenatal adversity, epigenetic programming, and early manifestations of temperament are important in their own right, also informing our understanding of biological foundations for social-emotional development. In addition, infant temperament attributes represent key etiological factors in the onset of developmental psychopathology, and studies elucidating their prenatal foundations expand our understanding of developmental origins of health and disease...
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229017/adolescence-effortful-control-as-a-mediator-between-family-ecology-and-problematic-substance-use-in-early-adulthood-a-16-year-prospective-study
#5
Chung Jung Mun, Thomas J Dishion, Jenn-Yun Tein, Roy Otten
This study examined the mediated effect of early adolescence familial context on early adulthood problematic substance use through effortful control in late adolescence. The sample consisted of a community sample of 311 adolescents and their families comprising the control group within a randomized trial intervention. Parental monitoring and parent-child relationship quality (P-C RQ) were measured annually from ages 11 to 13. Effortful control was measured by self-reports and parent and teacher reports at ages 16 to 17...
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229016/sequences-of-maladaptation-preadolescent-self-regulation-adolescent-negative-social-interactions-and-young-adult-psychopathology
#6
Odilia M Laceulle, René Veenstra, Wilma A M Vollebergh, Johan Ormel
This study aims to test whether adolescent negative social interactions mediate the relation between early adolescent self-regulatory capacities and young adult psychopathology, using a fully prospective mediation model. Data were derived from the Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey, a large population cohort of Dutch adolescents (n = 962). At age 11, three indicators of self-regulation were assessed: low frustration, high effortful control, and high response inhibition. Negative social interactions between ages 11 and 22 were captured twice using the Event History Calendar...
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229014/effects-of-pre-and-postnatal-maternal-stress-on-infant-temperament-and-autonomic-nervous-system-reactivity-and-regulation-in-a-diverse-low-income-population-corrigendum
#7
Nicole R Bush, Karen Jones-Mason, Michael Coccia, Zoe Caron, Abbey Alkon, Melanie Thomas, Kim Coleman-Phox, Pathik D Wadhwa, Barbara A Laraia, Nancy E Adler, Elissa S Epel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229013/attachment-security-moderates-the-link-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-cellular-aging
#8
Or Dagan, Arun Asok, Howard Steele, Miriam Steele, Kristin Bernard
Exposure to childhood adversity has been linked to accelerated telomere shortening, a marker of cellular aging and an indicator of physical health risk. In the current study, we examined whether adult attachment representation moderated the association between childhood adversity and telomere length. Participants included 78 young adults (M age = 20.46, SD = 1.57), who reported on their exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and were administered the Adult Attachment Interview, which was coded for attachment state of mind...
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229006/children-of-parents-with-a-history-of-depression-the-impact-of-a-preventive-intervention-on-youth-social-problems-through-reductions-in-internalizing-problems
#9
Nicole Lafko Breslend, Justin Parent, Rex Forehand, Virginia Peisch, Bruce E Compas
The current investigation examined if changes in youth internalizing problems as a result of a family group cognitive behavioral (FGCB) preventive intervention for families with a parent with a history of depression had a cascade effect on youth social problems over 24 months and the bidirectional nature of these effects. One hundred eighty families with a parent with a history of major depressive disorder (M age = 41.96; 88.9% mothers) and a youth age 9 to 15 years (49.4% females; M age = 11.46) participated...
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229005/neural-responses-to-monetary-incentives-among-self-injuring-adolescent-girls-corrigendum
#10
Colin L Sauder, Christina M Derbidge, Theodore P Beauchaine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224580/the-neural-correlates-of-childhood-trauma-questionnaire-scores-in-adults-a-meta-analysis-and-review-of-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-studies
#11
Sarah J Heany, Nynke A Groenewold, Anne Uhlmann, Shareefa Dalvie, Dan J Stein, Samantha J Brooks
Childhood maltreatment, including abuse and neglect, may have sustained effects on the integrity and functioning of the brain, alter neurophysiological responsivity later in life, and predispose individuals toward psychiatric conditions involving socioaffective disturbances. This meta-analysis aims to quantify associations between self-reported childhood maltreatment and brain function in response to socioaffective cues in adults. Seventeen functional magnetic resonance imaging studies reporting on data from 848 individuals examined with the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire were included in a meta-analysis of whole-brain findings, or a review of region of interest findings...
December 11, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212568/decomposing-environmental-unpredictability-in-forecasting-adolescent-and-young-adult-development-a-two-sample-study
#12
Sarah Hartman, Sooyeon Sung, Jeffry A Simpson, Gabriel L Schlomer, Jay Belsky
To illuminate which features of an unpredictable environment early in life best forecast adolescent and adult functioning, data from two longitudinal studies were examined. After decomposing a composite unpredictability construct found to predict later development, results of both studies revealed that paternal transitions predicted outcomes more consistently and strongly than did residential or occupational changes across the first 5 years of a child's life. These results derive from analyses of the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, which included diverse families from 10 different sites in the United States, and from the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation, whose participants came from one site, were disproportionately economically disadvantaged, and were enrolled 15 years earlier than the NICHD Study sample...
December 7, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212564/nurturant-involved-parenting-and-adolescent-substance-use-examining-an-internalizing-pathway-through-adolescent-social-anxiety-symptoms-and-substance-refusal-efficacy
#13
Bridget B Weymouth, Gregory M Fosco, Mark E Feinberg
Research has clearly established the important role of parents in preventing substance use among early adolescents. Much of this work has focused on deviance (e.g., antisocial behavior, delinquency, and oppositional behavior) as a central pathway linking parenting behaviors and early adolescent substance use. This study proposed an alternative pathway; using a four-wave longitudinal design, we examined whether nurturant-involved parenting (Fall sixth grade) was inversely associated with adolescent drunkenness, marijuana use, and cigarette use (eighth grade) through social anxiety symptoms (Spring sixth grade) and subsequent decreases in substance refusal efficacy (seventh grade)...
December 7, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212559/the-body-remembers-adolescent-conflict-struggles-predict-adult-interleukin-6-levels
#14
Joseph P Allen, Emily L Loeb, Joseph S Tan, Rachel K Narr, Bert N Uchino
Struggles managing conflict and hostility in adolescent social relationships were examined as long-term predictors of immune-mediated inflammation in adulthood that has been linked to long-term health outcomes. Circulating levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), a marker of immune system dysfunction when chronically elevated, were assessed at age 28 in a community sample of 127 individuals followed via multiple methods and reporters from ages 13 to 28. Adult serum IL-6 levels were predicted across periods as long as 15 years by adolescents' inability to defuse peer aggression and poor peer-rated conflict resolution skills, and by independently observed romantic partner hostility in late adolescence...
December 7, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166964/how-do-childhood-intelligence-and-early-psychosocial-adversity-influence-income-attainment-among-adult-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-a-test-of-the-cognitive-reserve-hypothesis
#15
Kathleen G Dobson, Mark A Ferro, Michael H Boyle, Louis A Schmidt, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Perinatal and later postnatal adversities have been shown to adversely affect socioeconomic trajectories, while enhanced early cognitive abilities improve them. However, little is known about the combined influence of these exposures on social mobility. In this study, we examined if childhood IQ moderated the association between four different types of postnatal adversity (childhood socioeconomic disadvantage, childhood sexual abuse, lifetime psychiatric disorder, and trait neuroticism) and annual earnings at 30-35 years of age in a sample of 88 extremely low birth weight survivors...
November 23, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157328/peer-effects-on-self-regulation-in-adolescence-depend-on-the-nature-and-quality-of-the-peer-interaction
#16
Kevin M King, Katie A McLaughlin, Jennifer Silk, Kathryn C Monahan
Adolescence is a critical period for the development of self-regulation, and peer interactions are thought to strongly influence regulation ability. Simple exposure to peers has been found to alter decisions about risky behaviors and increase sensitivity to rewards. The link between peer exposure and self-regulation is likely to vary as a function of the type and quality of peer interaction (e.g., rejection or acceptance). Little is known about how the nature of interactions with peers influences different dimensions of self-regulation...
November 21, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157325/childhood-attachment-and-behavioral-inhibition-predicting-intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-adulthood
#17
Magdalena A Zdebik, Ellen Moss, Jean-François Bureau
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU), the tendency to react negatively to uncertain situations, has been identified as an important cognitive component of anxiety disorders, yet little is known about its etiology. Links to temperament, particularly behavioral inhibition (BI), and insecure attachment have been proposed in the development of IU, but no prospective empirical investigation has been performed thus far. In the current study, attachment to caregiver and BI of 60 children were assessed at age 6, using observational measures...
November 21, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157324/individual-differences-in-anxiety-trajectories-from-grades-2-to-8-impact-of-the-middle-school-transition
#18
Stefanie A Nelemans, William W Hale, Susan J T Branje, Wim H J Meeus, Karen D Rudolph
This study examined the impact of the middle school transition on general anxiety trajectories from middle childhood to middle adolescence, as well as how youths' individual vulnerability and exposure to contextual stressors were associated with anxiety trajectories. Participants were 631 youth (47% boys, M age = 7.96 years at Time 1), followed for 7 successive years from second to eighth grade. Teachers reported on youths' individual vulnerability to anxiety (anxious solitude) in second grade; youth reported on their anxiety in second to eighth grade and aspects of their social contexts particularly relevant to the school transition (school hassles, peer victimization, parent-child relationship quality, and friendship quality) in sixth to eighth grade...
November 21, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157322/developmental-relations-between-amygdala-volume-and-anxiety-traits-effects-of-informant-sex-and-age
#19
Katherine Rice Warnell, Meredith Pecukonis, Elizabeth Redcay
Although substantial human and animal evidence suggests a role for the amygdala in anxiety, literature linking amygdala volume to anxiety symptomatology is inconclusive, with studies finding positive, negative, and null results. Clarifying this brain-behavior relation in middle to late childhood is especially important, as this is a time both of amygdala structural maturation and the emergence of many anxiety disorders. The goal of the current study was to clarify inconsistent findings in previous literature by identifying factors moderating the relation between amygdala volume and anxiety traits in a large sample of typically developing children aged 6-13 years (N = 72)...
November 21, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151387/affective-family-interactions-and-their-associations-with-adolescent-depression-a-dynamic-network-approach
#20
Nadja Bodner, Peter Kuppens, Nicholas B Allen, Lisa B Sheeber, Eva Ceulemans
The prevalence of depression rises steeply during adolescence. Family processes have been identified as one of the important factors that contribute to affect (dys)regulation during adolescence. In this study, we explored the affect expressed by mothers, fathers, and adolescents during a problem-solving interaction and investigated whether the patterns of the affective interactions differed between families with depressed adolescents and families with nondepressed adolescents. A network approach was used to depict the frequencies of different affects, concurrent expressions of affect, and the temporal sequencing of affective behaviors among family members...
November 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
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