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Development and Psychopathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318473/the-developmental-trajectory-of-perceived-stress-mediates-the-relations-between-distress-tolerance-and-internalizing-symptoms-among-youth
#1
Julia W Felton, Anne N Banducci, Julia M Shadur, Ryan Stadnik, Laura MacPherson, Carl W Lejuez
The current study examines the relation between distress tolerance, perceived stress, and internalizing symptoms across adolescence. Participants included 331 youth, ages 10 to 14 at the first wave of the study, assessed annually over 5 years. A latent growth curve approach was used to test three research questions, including whether perceived stress would increase across adolescence, whether distress tolerance (as measured by a behavioral task) would predict changes in perceived stress, and whether changes in perceived stress would mediate the relation between distress tolerance and internalizing symptoms...
March 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318468/understanding-adolescent-personality-pathology-from-growth-trajectories-of-childhood-oddity
#2
Barbara De Clercq, Lize Verbeke, Elien De Caluwé, Tom Vercruysse, Joeri Hofmans
Research on developmental trajectories of early maladaptive features for understanding later personality disorders (PDs) is increasingly recognized as an important study area. The course of early odd features is highly relevant in this regard, as only a few researchers have addressed childhood oddity in the context of emerging PDs. Using latent growth modeling, the current study explores growth parameters of odd features in a mixed sample of Flemish community and referred children (N = 485) across three measurement waves with 1-year time intervals...
March 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318454/infant-stranger-fear-trajectories-predict-anxious-behaviors-and-diurnal-cortisol-rhythm-during-childhood
#3
Carol A Van Hulle, Mollie N Moore, Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant, H Hill Goldsmith, Rebecca J Brooker
Although a robust literature has linked stable, high levels of fear across childhood to increased risk for anxiety problems, less is known about alternative pathways to anxiety. We tested two putatively normative developmental pathways of early fearfulness for their distinct associations with behavioral (anxiety-related behaviors and symptoms) and biological (diurnal cortisol) markers of anxiety risk in middle childhood in a community-based sample (n = 107). Steeper increases in fear from 6 to 36 months predicted more parent-reported anxiety symptoms at age 8 years...
March 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290269/trajectories-of-child-externalizing-problems-between-ages-3-and-10-years-contributions-of-children-s-early-effortful-control-theory-of-mind-and-parenting-experiences
#4
Sheryl L Olson, Daniel Ewon Choe, Arnold J Sameroff
Preventing problem behavior requires an understanding of earlier factors that are amenable to intervention. The main goals of our prospective longitudinal study were to trace trajectories of child externalizing behavior between ages 3 and 10 years, and to identify patterns of developmentally significant child and parenting risk factors that differentiated pathways of problem behavior. Participants were 218 3-year-old boys and girls who were reassessed following the transition to kindergarten (age 5-6 years) and during the late school-age years (age 10)...
March 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290253/the-interaction-between-parenting-and-children-s-cortisol-reactivity-at-age-3-predicts-increases-in-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms-at-age-6
#5
Chelsey S Barrios, Sara J Bufferd, Daniel N Klein, Lea R Dougherty
Little is known about the role of stress reactivity in the emergence of psychopathology across early childhood. In this longitudinal study, we tested the hypothesis that child cortisol reactivity at age 3 moderates associations between early parenting and children's internalizing and externalizing symptoms from age 3 to age 6. One hundred and sixty children were assessed at age 3, and 135 children were reassessed at age 6. At age 3, we exposed children to stress-inducing laboratory tasks, during which we obtained four salivary cortisol samples, and parental hostility was assessed using an observational parent-child interaction task...
March 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065187/marital-stress-and-children-s-externalizing-behavior-as-predictors-of-mothers-and-fathers-parenting
#6
Kit K Elam, Laurie Chassin, Nancy Eisenberg, Tracy L Spinrad
Previous research suggests that mothers' and fathers' parenting may be differentially influenced by marital and child factors within the family. Some research indicates that marital stress is more influential in fathers' than mothers' parenting, whereas other research shows that children's difficult behavior preferentially affects mothers' parenting. The present study examined marital stress and children's externalizing behavior in middle childhood as predictors of mothers' versus fathers' consistency, monitoring, and support and care in early adolescence, and the subsequent associations of these parenting behaviors with externalizing behavior 1...
January 9, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052783/statistical-tests-of-differential-susceptibility-performance-limitations-and-improvements
#7
Marco Del Giudice
Statistical tests of differential susceptibility have become standard in the empirical literature, and are routinely used to adjudicate between alternative developmental hypotheses. However, their performance and limitations have never been systematically investigated. In this paper I employ Monte Carlo simulations to explore the functioning of three commonly used tests proposed by Roisman et al. (2012). Simulations showed that critical tests of differential susceptibility require considerably larger samples than standard power calculations would suggest...
January 5, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043239/longitudinal-synergies-between-cortisol-reactivity-and-diurnal-testosterone-and-antisocial-behavior-in-young-adolescents
#8
Elizabeth J Susman, Melissa K Peckins, Jacey L Bowes, Lorah D Dorn
The aims were to identify the correspondence between simultaneous, longitudinal changes in cortisol reactivity and diurnal testosterone and to test the hypothesis that cortisol reactivity and diurnal testosterone interact so as to influence antisocial behavior. Participants were 135 children and young adolescents assessed at 6-month intervals over 1 year. Upon enrollment girls were age 8, 10, or 12 years (N = 69, M = 10.06 years) and boys were age 9, 11, or 13 years (N = 66, M = 10.94 years). Assessments included Tanner staging by a nurse, cortisol reactivity (Trier Social Stress Test for Children), diurnal testosterone, and interviews and questionnaires...
January 3, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031080/the-interaction-between-monoamine-oxidase-a-and-punitive-discipline-in-the-development-of-antisocial-behavior-mediation-by-maladaptive-social-information-processing
#9
Chardée A Galán, Daniel Ewon Choe, Erika E Forbes, Daniel S Shaw
Previous studies demonstrate that boys' monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) genotype interacts with adverse rearing environments in early childhood, including punitive discipline, to predict later antisocial behavior. Yet the mechanisms by which MAOA and punitive parenting interact during childhood to amplify risk for antisocial behavior are not well understood. In the present study, hostile attributional bias and aggressive response generation during middle childhood, salient aspects of maladaptive social information processing, were tested as possible mediators of this relation in a sample of 187 low-income men followed prospectively from infancy into early adulthood...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031069/adolescent-cannabis-use-change-in-neurocognitive-function-and-high-school-graduation-a-longitudinal-study-from-early-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#10
Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Sophie Parent, Frank Vitaro, Richard E Tremblay, Jean R Séguin
The main objective of this prospective longitudinal study was to investigate bidirectional associations between adolescent cannabis use (CU) and neurocognitive performance in a community sample of 294 young men from ages 13 to 20 years. The results showed that in early adolescence, and prior to initiation to CU, poor short-term and working memory, but high verbal IQ, were associated with earlier age of onset of CU. In turn, age of CU onset and CU frequency across adolescence were associated with (a) specific neurocognitive decline in verbal IQ and executive function tasks tapping trial and error learning and reward processing by early adulthood and (b) lower rates of high-school graduation...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031065/phenotypic-and-genetic-associations-between-reading-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-dimensions-in-adolescence
#11
Vickie Plourde, Michel Boivin, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Ginette Dionne
Multiple studies have shown that reading abilities and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, mainly inattention symptoms, are phenotypically and genetically associated during childhood. However, few studies have looked at these associations during adolescence to investigate possible developmental changes. The aim of the study is to examine the genetic and environmental etiology of the associations between inattention and hyperactivity reported by parents, and reading accuracy, reading speed, and word reading in a population-based twin sample (Quebec Newborn Twin Study)...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031059/suicide-ideation-among-high-risk-adolescent-females-examining-the-interplay-between-parasympathetic-regulation-and-friendship-support
#12
Matteo Giletta, Paul D Hastings, Karen D Rudolph, Daniel J Bauer, Matthew K Nock, Mitchell J Prinstein
Poor physiological self-regulation has been proposed as a potential biological vulnerability for adolescent suicidality. This study tested this hypothesis by examining the effect of parasympathetic stress responses on future suicide ideation. In addition, drawing from multilevel developmental psychopathology theories, the interplay between parasympathetic regulation and friendship support, conceptualized as an external source of regulation, was examined. At baseline, 132 adolescent females (M age = 14.59, SD = 1...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031057/examining-bidirectional-relationships-between-parenting-and-child-maladjustment-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-9-year-longitudinal-study
#13
Lisa M Dieleman, Sarah S W De Pauw, Bart Soenens, Wim Beyers, Peter Prinzie
Longitudinal bidirectional effects between parents and children are usually studied in samples of typically developing children, but remain understudied in families with a child with autism spectrum disorder. This three-wave longitudinal study examined how parents and children with autism spectrum disorder influence one another, relying on parent reports of parenting behaviors and children's problem behaviors across 9 years, in a sample of 139 youngsters (M age Time 1 = 10.2 years, 83% boys). Cross-lagged analyses indicated that children's externalizing problems at Time 1 predicted negative controlling parenting 6 years later (Time 2) that in turn predicted externalizing problems 3 years later (Time 3)...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031056/affective-startle-potentiation-differentiates-primary-and-secondary-variants-of-juvenile-psychopathy
#14
Eva R Kimonis, Kostas A Fanti, Natalie Goulter, Jason Hall
Individuals with psychopathic traits show an attenuated emotional response to aversive stimuli. However, recent evidence suggests heterogeneity in emotional reactivity among individuals with psychopathic or callous-unemotional (CU) traits in the identification of primary and secondary subtypes, or variants. We hypothesized that primary CU variants will respond with blunted affect to negatively valenced stimuli, whereas individuals with a history of childhood maltreatment, fitting with theoretical conceptualizations of secondary psychopathy, will display heightened emotional reactivity...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027713/parenting-and-adolescents-psychological-adjustment-longitudinal-moderation-by-adolescents-genetic-sensitivity
#15
Clare M Stocker, April S Masarik, Keith F Widaman, Ben T Reeb, Jason D Boardman, Andrew Smolen, Tricia K Neppl, Katherine J Conger
We examined whether adolescents' genetic sensitivity, measured by a polygenic index score, moderated the longitudinal associations between parenting and adolescents' psychological adjustment. The sample included 323 mothers, fathers, and adolescents (177 female, 146 male; Time 1 [T1] average age = 12.61 years, SD = 0.54 years; Time 2 [T2] average age = 13.59 years, SD = 0.59 years). Parents' warmth and hostility were rated by trained, independent observers using videotapes of family discussions. Adolescents reported their symptoms of anxiety, depressed mood, and hostility at T1 and T2...
December 28, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580681/antisocial-peer-affiliation-and-externalizing-disorders-evidence-for-gene-%C3%A3-environment-%C3%A3-development-interaction
#16
Diana R Samek, Brian M Hicks, Margaret A Keyes, William G Iacono, Matt McGue
Gene × Environment interaction contributes to externalizing disorders in childhood and adolescence, but little is known about whether such effects are long lasting or present in adulthood. We examined gene-environment interplay in the concurrent and prospective associations between antisocial peer affiliation and externalizing disorders (antisocial behavior and substance use disorders) at ages 17, 20, 24, and 29. The sample included 1,382 same-sex twin pairs participating in the Minnesota Twin Family Study...
February 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065311/maternal-sensitivity-and-adrenocortical-functioning-across-infancy-and-toddlerhood-physiological-adaptation-to-context
#17
Daniel Berry, Clancy Blair, Michael Willoughby, Douglas A Granger, W Roger Mills-Koonce
Theory suggests that early experiences may calibrate the "threshold activity" of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis in childhood. Particularly challenging or particularly supportive environments are posited to manifest in heightened physiological sensitivity to context. Using longitudinal data from the Family Life Project (N = 1,292), we tested whether links between maternal sensitivity and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis activity aligned with these predictions. Specifically, we tested whether the magnitude of the within-person relation between maternal sensitivity and children's cortisol levels, a proxy for physiological sensitivity to context, was especially pronounced for children who typically experienced particularly low or high levels of maternal sensitivity over time...
February 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049476/neuropsychological-performance-measures-as-intermediate-phenotypes-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-multiple-mediation-analysis
#18
Jaclyn M Kamradt, Joel T Nigg, Karen H Friderici, Molly A Nikolas
Genetic influences on dopaminergic neurotransmission have been implicated in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are theorized to impact cognitive functioning via alterations in frontal-striatal circuitry. Neuropsychological functioning has been proposed to account for the potential associations between dopamine candidate genes and ADHD. However, to date, this mediation hypothesis has not been directly tested. Participants were 498 youth ages 6-17 years (mean M = 10.8 years, SD = 2.4 years, 55...
February 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048767/family-process-and-youth-internalizing-problems-a-triadic-model-of-etiology-and-intervention
#19
Jessica L Schleider, John R Weisz
Despite major advances in the development of interventions for youth anxiety and depression, approximately 30% of youths with anxiety do not respond to cognitive behavioral treatment, and youth depression treatments yield modest symptom decreases overall. Identifying networks of modifiable risk and maintenance factors that contribute to both youth anxiety and depression (i.e., internalizing problems) may enhance and broaden treatment benefits by informing the development of mechanism-targeted interventions...
February 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048735/longitudinal-prediction-of-language-emergence-in-infants-at-high-and-low-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Sarah R Edmunds, Lisa V Ibañez, Zachary Warren, Daniel S Messinger, Wendy L Stone
This study used a prospective longitudinal design to examine the early developmental pathways that underlie language growth in infants at high risk (n = 50) and low risk (n = 34) for autism spectrum disorder in the first 18 months of life. While motor imitation and responding to joint attention (RJA) have both been found to predict expressive language in children with autism spectrum disorder and those with typical development, the longitudinal relation between these capacities has not yet been identified. As hypothesized, results revealed that 15-month RJA mediated the association between 12-month motor imitation and 18-month expressive vocabulary, even after controlling for earlier levels of RJA and vocabulary...
February 2017: Development and Psychopathology
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