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Development and Psychopathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434415/does-the-incredible-years-reduce-child-externalizing-problems-through-improved-parenting-the-role-of-child-negative-affectivity-and-serotonin-transporter-linked-polymorphic-region-5-httlpr-genotype
#1
Joyce Weeland, Rabia R Chhangur, Sara R Jaffee, Danielle Van Der Giessen, Walter Matthys, Bram Orobio De Castro, Geertjan Overbeek
In a randomized controlled trial, the Observational Randomized Controlled Trial of Childhood Differential Susceptibility (ORCHIDS study), we tested whether observed parental affect and observed and reported parenting behavior are mechanisms of change underlying the effects of the behavioral parent training program the Incredible Years (IY). Furthermore, we tested whether some children are more susceptible to these change mechanisms because of their temperamental negative affectivity and/or serotonin transporter linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) genotype...
April 24, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427482/a-genetic-variant-brain-dervied-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-polymorphism-interacts-with-hostile-parenting-to-predict-error-related-brain-activity-and-thereby-risk-for-internalizing-disorders-in-children
#2
Alexandria Meyer, Greg Hajcak, Elizabeth Hayden, Haroon I Sheikh, Shiva M Singh, Daniel N Klein
The error-related negativity (ERN) is a negative deflection in the event-related potential occurring when individuals make mistakes, and is increased in children with internalizing psychopathology. We recently found that harsh parenting predicts a larger ERN in children, and recent work has suggested that variation in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene may moderate the impact of early life adversity. Parents and children completed measures of parenting when children were 3 years old (N = 201); 3 years later, the ERN was measured and diagnostic interviews as well as dimensional symptom measures were completed...
April 21, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424107/early-maturation-and-substance-use-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-finnish-twins
#3
Jeanne E Savage, Richard J Rose, Lea Pulkkinen, Karri Silventoinen, Tellervo Korhonen, Jaakko Kaprio, Nathan Gillespie, Danielle M Dick
Early maturation, indexed by pubertal development (PD), has been associated with earlier initiation and greater frequency of adolescent substance use, but this relationship may be biased by confounding factors and effects that change across development. Using a population-based Finnish twin sample (N = 3,632 individuals), we conducted twin modeling and multilevel structural equation modeling of the relationship between PD and substance use at ages 12-22. Shared environmental factors contributed to early PD and heavier substance use for females...
April 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424106/early-developmental-influences-on-self-esteem-trajectories-from-adolescence-through-adulthood-impact-of-birth-weight-and-motor-skills
#4
Kristie L Poole, Louis A Schmidt, Mark A Ferro, Cheryl Missiuna, Saroj Saigal, Michael H Boyle, Ryan J Van Lieshout
While the trajectory of self-esteem from adolescence to adulthood varies from person to person, little research has examined how differences in early developmental processes might affect these pathways. This study examined how early motor skill development interacted with preterm birth status to predict self-esteem from adolescence through the early 30s. We addressed this using the oldest known, prospectively followed cohort of extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) survivors (N = 179) and normal birth weight controls (N = 145) in the world, born between 1977 and 1982...
April 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420458/potentially-important-periods-of-change-in-the-development-of-social-and-role-functioning-in-youth-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#5
Eva Velthorst, Jamie Zinberg, Jean Addington, Kristin S Cadenhead, Tyrone D Cannon, Ricardo E Carrión, Andrea Auther, Barbara A Cornblatt, Thomas H McGlashan, Daniel H Mathalon, Diana O Perkins, Larry J Seidman, Ming T Tsuang, Elaine F Walker, Scott W Woods, Abraham Reichenberg, Carrie E Bearden
The developmental course of daily functioning prior to first psychosis-onset remains poorly understood. This study explored age-related periods of change in social and role functioning. The longitudinal study included youth (aged 12-23, mean follow-up years = 1.19) at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis (converters [CHR-C], n = 83; nonconverters [CHR-NC], n = 275) and a healthy control group (n = 164). Mixed-model analyses were performed to determine age-related differences in social and role functioning...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420457/are-impairments-in-emotion-recognition-a-core-feature-of-callous-unemotional-traits-testing-the-primary-versus-secondary-variants-model-in-children
#6
Mark R Dadds, Eva R Kimonis, Olivia Schollar-Root, Caroline Moul, David J Hawes
The role of environmental adversity in the development of high callous-unemotional (CU) traits in children is controversial. Evidence speaks to the traits being largely independent of adversity; however, recent data shows that those with high CU traits and high adversity and/or high anxiety might differ in important ways from those with no such history. We tested this using emotion recognition (ER) skills. We tested whether maltreatment history and anxiety levels moderated the relationship between level of CU traits and ER skills in N = 364 children with behavioral problems who were 3 to 16 years old...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420454/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-the-codevelopment-among-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-major-depression-symptoms-and-substance-use-disorder-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#7
Marina A Bornovalova, Brad Verhulst, Troy Webber, Matt McGue, William G Iacono, Brian M Hicks
Although borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits decline from adolescence to adulthood, comorbid psychopathology such as symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD), alcohol use disorder (AUD), and drug use disorders (DUDs) likely disrupt this normative decline. Using a longitudinal sample of female twins (N = 1,763), we examined if levels of BPD traits were correlated with changes in MDD, AUD, and DUD symptoms from ages 14 to 24. A parallel process biometric latent growth model examined the contributions of genetic and environmental factors to the relationships between developmental components of these phenotypes...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420452/fathering-moderates-the-effects-of-maternal-depression-on-the-family-process
#8
Adam Vakrat, Yael Apter-Levy, Ruth Feldman
Maternal depression negatively impacts children's development, yet few studies have focused on fathering and the family process in cases of maternal depression. A community cohort of married/cohabitating women was recruited on the second postbirth day (N = 1,983) and maternal depression repeatedly assessed across the first year and again at 6 years to form two cohorts: mothers chronically depressed from birth to 6 (N = 46) and nondepressed controls (N = 103). At 6 years, mother-child, father-child, and family interactions were observed...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420449/interpersonal-harm-aversion-as-a-necessary-foundation-for-morality-a-developmental-neuroscience-perspective
#9
Jean Decety, Jason M Cowell
Growing evidence from developmental psychology and social neuroscience emphasizes the importance of third-party harm aversion for constructing morality. A sensitivity to interpersonal harm emerges very early in ontogeny, as reflected in both the capacity for implicit social evaluation and an aversion for antisocial agents. Yet it does not necessarily entail avoidance toward inflicting pain to others. Later, an understanding that harmful actions cause suffering emerges, followed by an integration of rules that can depend on social contexts and cultures...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420448/association-of-cognitive-function-and-liability-to-addiction-with-childhood-herpesvirus-infections-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Michael M Vanyukov, Vishwajit L Nimgaonkar, Levent Kirisci, Galina P Kirillova, Maureen D Reynolds, Konasale Prasad, Ralph E Tarter, Robert H Yolken
Liability to substance use disorder (SUD) is largely nonspecific to particular drugs and is related to behavior dysregulation, including reduced cognitive control. Recent data suggest that cognitive mechanisms may be influenced by exposure to neurotropic infections, such as human herpesviruses. In this study, serological evidence of exposure to human herpesvirus Herpes simplex virus Type 1 (HSV-1), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as well as Toxoplasma gondii was determined in childhood (age ~11 years) in 395 sons and 174 daughters of fathers with or without SUD...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414019/parental-depressive-history-parenting-styles-and-child-psychopathology-over-6-years-the-contribution-of-each-parent-s-depressive-history-to-the-other-s-parenting-styles
#11
Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Caitlin Jelinek, Ellen M Kessel, Allison Frost, Anna E S Allmann, Daniel N Klein
The link between parental depressive history and parenting styles is well established, as is the association of parenting with child psychopathology. However, little research has examined whether a depressive history in one parent predicts the parenting style of the other parent. As well, relatively little research has tested transactional models of the parenting-child psychopathology relationship in the context of parents' depressive histories. In this study, mothers and fathers of 392 children were assessed for a lifetime history of major depression when their children were 3 years old...
April 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414000/maternal-mind-mindedness-and-toddler-behavior-problems-the-moderating-role-of-maternal-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress
#12
M Ann Easterbrooks, Molly K Crossman, Alessandra Caruso, Maryna Raskin, Claudia Miranda-Julian
Maternal mind-mindedness (MM) reflects a caregiver's tendency to view a child as an individual with an independent mind. Research has linked higher MM with more favorable parenting and child adaptation. The aim of this study was to examine whether MM was associated with toddlers' behavior problems and competence, and the moderating role of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample (N = 212) of adolescent mothers and their toddlers. MM was coded from maternal utterances during free play; mothers completed the University of California at Los Angeles Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index and reported on children's behavior problems and competence using the Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment...
April 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397637/effectiveness-of-interventions-in-preventing-disorganized-attachment-a-meta-analysis
#13
Christopher R Facompré, Kristin Bernard, Theodore E A Waters
Disorganized attachment is associated with a host of negative developmental outcomes, leading to a growing interest in preventative interventions targeting the attachment relationship in infancy. The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of interventions that aimed to prevent or reduce rates of disorganization among children at risk. We performed a literature search using PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and ProQuest databases for studies published between January 1989 and August 2016. All 16 studies (N = 1,360) included a control condition and reported postintervention rates of organized and disorganized attachments assessed by the Strange Situation Procedure...
April 11, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397629/the-impact-of-life-stress-on-adult-depression-and-anxiety-is-dependent-on-gender-and-timing-of-exposure
#14
Carly E Herbison, Karina Allen, Monique Robinson, John Newnham, Craig Pennell
There is debate about the relative importance of timing of stressful events prenatally and over the life course and risk for subsequent depressive/anxious illness. The aim of this study was to examine the relative roles of prenatal stress and postnatal stress trajectories in predicting depression and anxiety in early adulthood in males and females. Exposure to life stress events was examined in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study during pregnancy and ages 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 10, 14, and 17 years...
April 11, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397620/associations-between-early-internalizing-symptoms-and-speed-of-transition-through-stages-of-alcohol-involvement
#15
Kyle R Menary, William R Corbin, Laurie Chassin
Alcohol use disorders and internalizing disorders are highly comorbid, but how this comorbidity unfolds over development is not well understood. The present study investigated effects of internalizing symptoms in late childhood on speed of transition between three alcohol involvement milestones: first drink, first binge, and onset of first alcohol dependence symptom. Greater early internalizing symptoms were expected to predict a later age of first drink, a slower transition from first drink to first binge, and a faster transition from first binge to first dependence symptom...
April 11, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397610/the-mediating-roles-of-cortisol-reactivity-and-executive-functioning-difficulties-in-the-pathways-between-childhood-histories-of-emotional-insecurity-and-adolescent-school-problems
#16
Meredith J Martin, Patrick T Davies, E Mark Cummings, Dante Cicchetti
This study tested a hypothesized cascade in which children's insecure representations of the interparental relationship increase their school problems by altering children's cortisol reactivity to stress and their executive functioning. Participants included 235 families. The first of five measurement occasions occurred when the children were in kindergarten (M age = 6 years), and they were followed through the transition to high school. The results indicated that children's histories of insecure representations of the interparental relationship during the early school years were associated with executive functioning difficulties in adolescence (M age = 14 years)...
April 11, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393755/chronic-peer-victimization-heightens-neural-sensitivity-to-risk-taking
#17
Eva H Telzer, Michelle E Miernicki, Karen D Rudolph
Although behavioral and experimental studies have shown links between victimization and antisocial behavior, the neural correlates explaining this link are relatively unknown. In the current study, we recruited adolescent girls from a longitudinal study that tracked youths' reports of peer victimization experiences annually from the second through eighth grades. Based on these reports, 46 adolescents were recruited: 25 chronically victimized and 21 nonvictimized. During a functional magnetic resonance imaging scan, participants completed a risk-taking task...
April 10, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393752/maternal-depression-and-trajectories-of-adolescent-depression-the-role-of-stress-responses-in-youth-risk-and-resilience
#18
Jennifer D Monti, Karen D Rudolph
This study examined the independent and interactive contributions of maternal depression and youth stress responses to trajectories of youth depression in adolescence. Youths (n = 165, M age = 12.43, SD = 1.18) and their maternal caregivers participated in a 4-year longitudinal study. Mothers and youths were administered diagnostic interviews assessing depression, and youths provided reports of their responses to peer stress. Consistent with an interactive model, adaptive responses to stress (high effortful engagement and low involuntary disengagement) buffered the effect of maternal depression on initial levels and trajectories of youth depression, with gender differences emerging...
April 10, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367763/externalizing-and-internalizing-pathways-to-mexican-american-adolescents-risk-taking
#19
Nancy A Gonzales, Yu Liu, Michaeline Jensen, Jenn Yun Tein, Rebecca M B White, Julianna Deardorff
This study used four waves of data from a longitudinal study of 749 Mexican origin youths to test a developmental cascades model linking contextual adversity in the family and peer domains in late childhood to a sequence of unfolding processes hypothesized to predict problem substance use and risky sexual activity (greater number of sex partners) in late adolescence. Externalizing and internalizing problems were tested as divergent pathways, with youth-reported and mother-reported symptoms examined in separate models...
April 3, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318473/the-developmental-trajectory-of-perceived-stress-mediates-the-relations-between-distress-tolerance-and-internalizing-symptoms-among-youth
#20
Julia W Felton, Anne N Banducci, Julia M Shadur, Ryan Stadnik, Laura MacPherson, Carl W Lejuez
The current study examines the relation between distress tolerance, perceived stress, and internalizing symptoms across adolescence. Participants included 331 youth, ages 10 to 14 at the first wave of the study, assessed annually over 5 years. A latent growth curve approach was used to test three research questions, including whether perceived stress would increase across adolescence, whether distress tolerance (as measured by a behavioral task) would predict changes in perceived stress, and whether changes in perceived stress would mediate the relation between distress tolerance and internalizing symptoms...
March 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
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