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Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335066/up-and-down-regulated-leukemia-related-protein-16-affects-er%C3%AE-expression-and-prolactin-secretion-by-gh3-cells
#1
Xing Su, Zhi Qiang Wu, Xiao Jiang Yang, An Ping Wang, Kun Zhao, Tao Guang Wu, Yi Sun, Jie Sun, Zheng Yao Chang, Xiao Yong Guo, Qing Hua Guo, Yi Ming Mu
Prolactinoma is an estrogen-related tumor and leukemia-related protein 16 (LRP16) is correlated with the progression of estrogen-related tumors, but the regulatory mechanism between LRP16 and prolactinoma remain unclear. This study demonstrates a variation in LRP16 with estrogen receptor α (ERα) in prolactinoma models and the up and downregulation effects of LRP16 on prolactin secretion of pituitary adenomas cells (GH3 cells). In our study, 50 male SD rats (30-day-old) were randomly divided into five groups of 10 rats each...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335065/effects-of-maternal-marginal-iodine-deficiency-on-interactions-between-cerebellar-bergmann-glia-cells-and-purkinje-cells-in-rat-offspring
#2
Ye Yu, Jing Dong, Yuan Wang, Yi Wang, Hui Min, Zhong Yan Shan, Wei Ping Teng, Jie Chen
Iodine deficiency (ID) during early pregnancy has an adverse effect on children's psychomotor and motor function but the mechanism has not been clarified. Therefore, our aim was to study the effect of maternal marginal ID on cerebellar neurodevelopment and the underlying mechanism. After obtaining marginal ID rats, we examined interactions between Bergmann glia cells (BGs) and Purkinje cells (PCs) using immunofluorescence and expression of the glutamate transporter and receptor by western blot. Our results showed that marginal ID reduced the number of contacted points between BGs and PCs, and disturbed expression of the glutamate transporter and receptor...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335064/real-time-assessment-of-cytosolic-mitochondrial-and-nuclear-calcium-levels-change-in-rat-pheochromocytoma-cells-during-pulsed-microwave-exposure-using-a-genetically-encoded-calcium-indicator
#3
Shao Hua Hu, Hui Wang, Li Lu, Hong Mei Zhou, Chang Zhen Wang, Ya Bing Gao, Ji Dong, Rui Yun Peng
Little information is available about the effects of exposure to pulsed microwaves on neuronal Ca2+ signaling under non-thermal conditions. In this study, rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells were exposed to pulsed microwaves for 6 min at a specific absorption rate (SAR) of 4 W/kg to assess possible real-time effects. During microwave exposure, free calcium dynamics in the cytosol, mitochondria, and nucleus of cells were monitored by time-lapse microfluorimetry using a genetically encoded calcium indicator (ratiometric-pericam, ratiometric-pericam-mt, and ratiometric-pericam-nu)...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335063/tea-consumption-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-kidney-stones-in-northern-chinese-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Zhong Biao Wu, Tian Jiang, Guo Bing Lin, You Xin Wang, Yong Zhou, Zhen Qian Chen, Yong Ming Xu, Hai Bo Ye, Bo Jun Chen, Xiao Zhao Bao, Cun Ming Zhang
Kidney stones are a common urinary system condition that can progress to kidney disease. Previous studies on the association between tea consumption and kidney stones are inconsistent. A cross-sectional study to investigate the association between tea consumption and kidney stones was conducted from 2013 to 2014 and recruited 9,078 northern Chinese adults. A total of 8,807 participants were included in the final analysis. Participants' prevalence of kidney stones was 1.07%, 1.73%, and 2.25% based on their tea consumption frequency of never, occasionally, and often groups, respectively...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335062/epidemiology-of-measles-cases-in-south-darfur-state-sudan-2011-2015
#5
Taha Hussein Musa, Rehab Ibrahim Kambo, Abdelkareem Abdallah Ahmed, Hassan Hussein Musa
Case-based surveillance measles data was defined according to World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. A total of 511 measles cases were studied from 2011 to 2015 in Southern Darfur State, Sudan and 58.1% of cases were confirmed from Nyala city. About 43.4% of cases were males, 56.6% of cases were female, and 47.7% were children under five years old. Similarity, within February to June, the cases increased by 8.0% in children vaccinated through measles campaign, and 5.3% in children that used child vaccination card and 78...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335061/estimating-hiv-incidence-rates-among-msm-in-an-urban-area-of-chongqing-using-three-approaches
#6
Mei Han, Ping Liang Pan, Guo Hui Wu, Chao Zhou, Yuan Yao, Juan Luo, Jing Bo Zou, Bo Zhang
To evaluate the HIV pandemic in Chongqing, the pooled PCR, IgG-capture BED enzyme immunoassay (BED-CEIA), and cohort observations were used to estimate the HIV incidences among men who have sex with men (MSM). 617 MSM subjects completed the survey at a voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) site. The observed HIV incidence was 12.5 per 100 P-Ys (95% CI = 9.1-15.7). The annual acute HIV infection (AHI) incidence estimated by pooled PCR was 14.0% (95% CI = 10.9-17.1). The HIV-1 annual incidence estimated based on the BED-CEIA was 12...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335060/characteristics-of-long-term-nonprogressors-and-viremia-controllers-infected-with-hiv-1-via-contaminated-blood-donations-or-transfusions-conducted-20-years-earlier
#7
Jia Liu, Pan Ying Fan, Xiu Juan Xue, Jiang Zhou Yan, Guo Qing Sun, Chun Hua Liu, Sui An Tian, Ning Li, Ding Yong Sun, Qian Zhu, Zhe Wang
To characterize long-term nonprogressors (LTNPs) and viremia controllers (VCs), infected with HIV-1 through contaminated blood donation or transfusion between 1992 and 1996 in Henan, China. LTNPs and VCs were defined by CD4+T lymphocyte (CD4) count and viral load (VL). Of 29,294 patients infected with HIV-1 via contaminated blood donation or transfusion that had conducted for more than 20 years, 92 were LTNPs/VCs. There were 70 LTNPs (0.24%), 43 VCs (0.15%), and 48 LTNPs+VCs- (0.16%). VCs had a significantly lower CD4 nadir, compared to LTNPs and LTNPs+VCs-, and no significant differences for the highest VL and HIV-1 DNA...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335059/association-of-%C3%AE-2a-adrenergic-receptor-genetic-variants-with-platelet-reactivity-in-chinese-patients-on-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#8
Ying Song, Xiao Fang Tang, Yi Yao, Chen He, Jing Jing Xu, Huan Huan Wang, Zhan Gao, Mia Wang, Jin Qing Yuan
OBJECTIVE: The alpha 2A-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRA2A) polymorphism in individuals modifies the antiplatelet response to sympathetic stimulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ADRA2A variants on platelet reactivity in Chinese patients on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: From March 2011 to March 2013, 1,024 patients were enrolled in this prospective, single-center, observational study in China...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335058/association-of-dietary-pattern-during-pregnancy-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-northern-china
#9
Hong Yi DU, Hong Jiang, Karmin O, Bo Chen, Lin Ji Xu, Shu Ping Liu, Jian Ping Yi, Geng Sheng He, Xu Qian
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in northern China. METHODS: The dietary intakes of pregnant women were recorded twice by 24-hour dietary recalls for three days prior to having been diagnosed with GDM, at 5-15 and 24-28 gestational weeks, respectively. GDM was diagnosed, and serum glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was measured at 24-28 weeks. Dietary patterns were assessed by factor analysis...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335057/study-on-the-simultaneously-quantitative-detection-for-%C3%AE-lactoglobulin-and-lactoferrin-of-cow-milk-by-using-protein-chip-technique
#10
Ji Yong Yin, Jun Sheng Huo, Xin Xin Ma, Jing Sun, Jian Huang
OBJECTIVE: To research a protein chip method which can simultaneously quantitative detect β-Lactoglobulin (β-L) and Lactoferrin (Lf) at one time. METHODS: Protein chip printer was used to print both anti-β-L antibodies and anti-Lf antibodies on each block of protein chip. And then an improved sandwich detection method was applied while the other two detecting antibodies for the two antigens were added in the block after they were mixed. The detection conditions of the quantitative detection for simultaneous measurement of β-L and Lf with protein chip were optimized and evaluated...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335056/vegetable-and-fruit-consumption-among-chinese-adults-and-associated-factors-a-nationally-representative-study-of-170-847-adults
#11
Yi Chong Li, Bo Jiang, Mei Zhang, Zheng Jing Huang, Qian Deng, Mai Geng Zhou, Zhen Ping Zhao, You Fa Wang, Li Min Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study examined vegetable and fruit (VF) consumption rate and its associated factors among Chinese adults. METHODS: Nationally representative data from the 2013 China Chronic Disease Surveillance survey were used. Dietary intake data, including VF consumption during the last 12 months, were collected. All analyses were weighted to obtain nationally representative estimates. Associations between VF consumption and other factors (e.g., meal frequency and physical activity) were examined through logistic regression analysis...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216965/a-tiny-rna-molecule-with-a-big-impact-on-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-susceptibility
#12
Guo Qing Zhuang, You Xin Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216964/comparison-of-t-2-toxin-and-ht-2-toxin-distributed-in-the-skeletal-system-with-that-in-other-tissues-of-rats-by-acute-toxicity-test
#13
Fang Fang Yu, Xia Lu Lin, Lei Yang, Huan Liu, Xi Wang, Hua Fang, ZMikko J Lammi, Xiong Guo
Twelve healthy rats were divided into the T-2 toxin group receiving gavage of 1 mg/kg T-2 toxin and the control group receiving gavage of normal saline. Total relative concentrations of T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin in the skeletal system (thighbone, knee joints, and costal cartilage) were significantly higher than those in the heart, liver, and kidneys (P < 0.05). The relative concentrations of T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin in the skeletal system (thighbone and costal cartilage) were also significantly higher than those in the heart, liver, and kidneys...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216963/psychophysiological-effects-of-bamboo-plants-on-adults
#14
Ahmad Hassan, Qi Bing Chen, Tao Jiang, Bing Yang Lyu, Nian Li, Shu Li, Zi Yue Shangguan, Yun Ting Li, Zhou Li Jun, Qian Luo, Xin Yi Chen, Yi Yan Wang, Cheng Cheng Zeng, Jun Yang, Muhammad Sohaib Tahir
The present study was conducted to clarify the psychophysiological relaxation effects of viewing bamboo on university students. Forty healthy Chinese participants enrolled in this study to clarify the psychophysiological relaxation effects of viewing bamboo. The effects of visual stimulation using a pot both with and without a bamboo were recorded by measuring the student's blood pressure, EEG and STAI. We observed that viewing bamboo plants resulted in significantly lower systolic (female, P < 0.001; male, P < 0...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216962/lead-exposure-and-oxidative-stress-in-coal-miners
#15
Zlatko Zimet, Marjan Bilban, Teja Fabjan, Kristina Suhadolc, Borut Poljšak, Joško Osredkar
We aimed to investigate the short-term correlation between blood lead levels and oxidative stress generation in coal miners. The study involved 94 male coal miners from the Velenje Coal mine, arranged into four groups: three groups according to the number of consecutive working days, and a fourth control group. Miners who worked for three consecutive days had higher blood levels of lead and 8-isoprostane than the control group (P < 0.001). Correlation between lead and 8-isoprostane was of medium strength (r = 0...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216961/identification-and-validation-of-candidate-radiation-responsive-genes-for-human-biodosimetr
#16
Shuang Li, Xue Lu, Jiang Bin Feng, Mei Tian, Qing Jie Liu
The aim of the present study is to analyze the global research trend of radiation-responsive genes and identify the highly reproducible radiation-responsive genes. Bibliometric methods were applied to analyze the global research trend of radiation-responsive genes. We found 79 publications on radiation-responsive genes from 2000 to 2017. A total of 35 highly reproducible radiation-responsive genes were identified. Most genes are involved in response to DNA damage, cell proliferation, cell cycle regulation, and DNA repair...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216960/estimation-study-of-new-cancer-cases-and-deaths-in-wuwei-hexi-corridor-region-china-2018
#17
Bo Yu Cao, Cheng Yun Li, Feng Lan Xu, Xiao Qin Liu, Yan Xu Yang, Jing Li, Cai Yun Gao, You Ming Rong, Rong Cheng Li, Ya Li Li, Shan Zheng, Ya Na Bai, Yan Cheng Ye
Population-based cancer registration data were collected to estimate the cancer incidence and mortality in Wuwei, Hexi Corridor Region, China in 2018. We used the 2011-2013 data to predict the number of new cases and deaths in 2018 and the 2003-2013 data to analyze trends in cancer incidence and mortality. The goal is to enable cancer prevention and control directions. Our results indicated that stomach cancer is the most common cancer. For all cancers combined, the incidence and mortality rates showed significantly increasing trends (+2...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216959/an-investigation-of-the-first-case-of-human-rabies-caused-by-a-fox-in-china-in-may-2016
#18
Aierken Taxitiemuer, Gulina Tuerdi, Yi Zhang, Fuerhati Wushouer, Xiao Yan Tao, Jiangatai Talipu, Tuohetiyaer Yimamu, Hui Lai Ma
This study assesses the causes and prevention measures of rabies through epidemiological investigation and analysis. A field epidemiological survey was conducted to investigate a case of rabies by fox bite. The onset of symptoms began 50 days after the bite. The patient did not receive standard treatment, rabies vaccination, or rabies immunoglobulin injection. The fox was killed on the spot. Saliva and pre-death blood samples were collected at different periods, and only blood RT-PCR tests yielded positive results...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216958/investigation-of-extracts-from-tunisian-ethnomedicinal-plants-as-antioxidants-cytotoxins-and-antimicrobials
#19
Fatma Guesmi, Ahmed Sami Ben Hadj, Ahmed Landoulsi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the medicinal potential of various plants and their parts extracted with different solvents. METHODS: The total phenolic content of acetonitrile/water (60%-40%) (ACN/W) and aqueous (W) extract fractions was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and terpenic compounds were detected by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Antioxidant activity of the samples was evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay and β-carotene bleaching method...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216957/handgrip-strength-as-a-predictor-of-nutritional-status-in-chinese-elderly-inpatients-at-hospital-admission
#20
Xin Sheng Zhang, Ying Hua Liu, Yong Zhang, Qing Xu, Xiao Ming Yu, Xue Yan Yang, Zhao Liu, Hui Zi Li, Feng Li, Chang Yong Xue
OBJECTIVE: To assess nutritional status and define gender- and age-specific handgrip strength (HGS) cut-point values for malnutrition or nutritional risk in elderly inpatients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1,343 elderly inpatients was conducted in the Chinese PLA General Hospital. Nutrition Risk Screening (NRS 2002) and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) were administered. Anthropometric measurements and blood biochemical indicators were obtained using standard techniques...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
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