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Health Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622038/see-something-say-something-correction-of-global-health-misinformation-on-social-media
#1
Leticia Bode, Emily K Vraga
Social media are often criticized for being a conduit for misinformation on global health issues, but may also serve as a corrective to false information. To investigate this possibility, an experiment was conducted exposing users to a simulated Facebook News Feed featuring misinformation and different correction mechanisms (one in which news stories featuring correct information were produced by an algorithm and another where the corrective news stories were posted by other Facebook users) about the Zika virus, a current global health threat...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622027/communicating-with-sensation-seekers-an-fmri-study-of-neural-responses-to-antidrug-public-service-announcements
#2
Lewis Donohew, Michelle DiBartolo, Xun Zhu, Chelsie Benca, Elizabeth Lorch, Seth M Noar, Thomas H Kelly, Jane E Joseph
This study examined the neural basis of processing high- and low-message sensation value (MSV) antidrug public service announcements (PSAs) in high (HSS) and low sensation seekers (LSS) using fMRI. HSS more strongly engaged the salience network when processing PSAs (versus LSS), suggesting that high-MSV PSAs attracted their attention. HSS and LSS participants who engaged higher level cognitive processing regions reported that the PSAs were more convincing and believable and recalled the PSAs better immediately after testing...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622026/the-moderating-effects-of-self-esteem-and-self-efficacy-on-responses-to-graphic-health-warnings-on-cigarette-packages-a-comparison-of-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#3
Seungwoo Chun, Joon Woo Park, Nathan Heflick, Seon Min Lee, Daejin Kim, Kyenghee Kwon
Do graphic pictorial health warnings (GPHWs) on cigarette packaging work better for some people than others? According to the Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM), fear appeals should heighten positive change only if a person believes he or she is capable of change (i.e., self-efficacy). We exposed 242 smokers and 241 nonsmokers (aged 18-29) in the Republic of Korea to either a GPHW or a text-only warning in a between-subjects experiment. Results indicated that the GPHW increased intentions and motivations to quit smoking (for smokers) and intentions and motivations to not start smoking (for nonsmokers)...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622023/ending-as-intended-the-educational-effects-of-an-epilogue-to-a-tv-show-episode-about-bipolar-disorder
#4
Elizabeth L Cohen, David Alward, Danielle Zajicek, Sarah Edwards, Ryan Hutson
Entertainment persuasion theory was applied to investigate how an epilogue to a dramatic episode with an educational subtext about bipolar disorder affected viewer processing and response. In an experiment, viewers (N = 89) were randomly assigned to watch the episode either with or without an epilogue. Exposure to the epilogue increased recognition of the subtext. It also increased counterarguing against the subtext, but only among viewers less involved with the episode's story. The epilogue decreased social distance for people with bipolar disorder and decreased their belief that bipolar disorder is not treatable...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622021/source-credibility-and-e-cigarette-attitudes-implications-for-tobacco-communication
#5
Kathleen R Case, Allison J Lazard, Michael S Mackert, Cheryl L Perry
As there are many conflicting sources of e-cigarette information, research is needed to determine the impact of these sources on e-cigarette attitudes to inform future communication campaigns. Source credibility is important in shaping attitudes toward other health topics; however, no study has examined its role in influencing e-cigarette attitudes. Data from the 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey-FDA (HINTS-FDA) were utilized to assess differences in trust in different sources by e-cigarette user status and to investigate the associations between trust in sources and e-cigarette attitudes (n = 3,738)...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622019/patient-perceptions-of-illness-identity-in-cancer-clinical-trial-decision-making
#6
Angela L Palmer-Wackerly, Phokeng M Dailey, Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Nancy D Rhodes, Janice L Krieger
When patients are diagnosed with cancer, they begin to negotiate their illness identity in relation to their past and future selves, their relationships, and their group memberships. Thus, how patients view their cancer in relation to their other identities may affect how and why they make particular decisions about treatment options. Using the Communication Theory of Identity (CTI), the current study explores: (1) how and why illness identity is framed across identity layers in relation to one particular cancer treatment: participation in a cancer clinical trial (CT); and (2) how and why patients experience identity conflicts while making their treatment decisions...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622011/breaking-bad-news-in-veterinary-medicine
#7
Bonnie McCracken Nickels, Thomas Hugh Feeley
The patient-provider relationship in the context of veterinary medicine represents a unique opportunity for studying how bad news is communicated to pet owners by conducting structured interviews with veterinarians. A sample of 44 veterinarians' responses was recorded and content-analyzed in an effort to identify themes among providers in their clinical experience of breaking bad news (BBN). Two coders revealed several themes in the data that were organized by three overarching areas: (1) breaking bad news in general, (2) euthanasia, and (3) social support...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622010/-are-you-in-or-are-you-out-moral-appeals-to-the-public-in-organ-donation-poster-campaigns-a-multimodal-and-ethical-analysis
#8
Solveig L Hansen, Marthe I Eisner, Larissa Pfaller, Silke Schicktanz
Organ transplantation is a well-established practice in modern medicine. However, many countries, especially those with an opt-in regulation, face the problem of low donation numbers. Respective public campaigns attempt to increase the number of donors by swaying public opinion with the use of carefully selected bits of information. Germany serves as a case study for an opt-in country investing approximately €7.5 million/year in the distribution of respective campaigns. To address diverse populations, large-scale posters in various public spaces still display a multitude of moral messages for organ donation...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622008/sharing-tobacco-and-e-cigarette-information-predicting-its-occurrence-and-valence-among-youth-and-young-adults
#9
Michelle Jeong
While interpersonal communication has been shown to influence smoking-related outcomes, mostly in the context of interventions, there is not much research showing what drives young people to talk about tobacco or e-cigarettes. Additionally, the changing media environment calls for research that expands the scope of what is included as interpersonal communication to include not just conversations but also online forms of communicating information. This study puts forth sharing as such a concept, and examines its prevalence and predictors in the context of tobacco and e-cigarette information...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622007/starting-off-on-the-best-foot-a-review-of-message-framing-and-message-tailoring-and-recommendations-for-the-comprehensive-messaging-strategy-for-sustained-behavior-change
#10
J Paige Pope, Luc Pelletier, Camille Guertin
Health promotion programs represent a salient means through which physical activity promoters can cultivate positive health behavior change and maintenance. The messages communicated within these programs serve as an essential component as they are often used to convey valuable information, resources, or tools that facilitate health behavior initiation and sustained engagement. Identifying the most effective way to communicate health promotion information is, therefore, of considerable importance to ensuring that people not only attend to these messages, but also connect with and internalize the information conveyed within them...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622006/using-the-integrative-model-of-behavioral-prediction-to-understand-college-students-hookup-sex-beliefs-intentions-and-behaviors
#11
Minhao Dai, Kevin Wombacher, Jacob J Matig, Nancy Grant Harrington
Guided by the integrated model of behavioral prediction, this study explored the attitudinal, normative, and perceived control beliefs that predict college student hookup intentions and behavior. We first conducted elicitation research with six focus groups of undergraduate students to identify salient beliefs to inform questionnaire development, and then we collected and analyzed questionnaire data from 268 undergraduate students to explore the direct and indirect determinants that drive hookup behaviors. We compared proposed models that tested separate paths from determinants to intention and behavior to theoretical models that treated intention as a mediator of the determinant-behavior relationship...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622005/patients-perspectives-of-oral-healthcare-providers-communication-considering-the-impact-of-message-source-and-content
#12
Ashley E Fico, Carolyn Lagoe
This study explores patients' perceptions of positive and negative communication experiences with dentists and dental hygienists using a sample of 267 individuals who reported having a general dental provider. Patients' oral health literacy, dental mistrust, use of dental health services, anxiety, and provider satisfaction are examined on the basis of reported communication experiences in the dental context. When comparing participants who had or had not experienced positive communication with a dentist, individuals with positive experiences demonstrated significantly higher levels of oral health literacy and provider satisfaction, as well as lower levels of dental mistrust...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622003/the-effect-of-campaign-generated-interpersonal-communication-on-campaign-targeted-health-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#13
Michelle Jeong, Rosie Eungyuhl Bae
This study examined the effect of mass media campaign-generated conversations on campaign-targeted health outcomes, via a systematic meta-analysis of 28 studies (including 124 sub-studies and a total of 138,898 participants). The study also conducted a series of moderation analyses to examine the conditions under which interpersonal communication has larger effects on bringing about the desired outcomes. The findings of this meta-analysis indicate that campaign-generated conversations have a positive effect on inducing campaign-targeted outcomes (OR = 1...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586270/irb-problems-and-solutions-in-health-communication-research
#14
Carie S Tucker King, Kristin Marie Bivens, Erin Pumroy, Susan Rauch, Amy Koerber
In this article, we contribute to the current literature on the difficulties that social scientists encounter with IRBs, but with a focus on the distinct challenges that health communication scholars face in dealing with IRBs at their own institutions and elsewhere. Although health communication researchers, like other communication researchers, can expect to face many of the same challenges that their social science colleagues face during the IRB process, the researcher narratives we present in this article suggest that health communication research presents some distinct challenges because the communication interactions that we investigate occur in highly protected, private spaces, including the medical exam room, online patient forums, and electronic health records...
June 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586265/the-roles-of-prevention-messages-risk-perception-and-benefit-perception-in-predicting-binge-drinking-among-college-students
#15
Yixin Chen
To account for the effect of prevention-message exposure on binge drinking among college students, I hypothesized a conceptual model outlining potential mechanisms including perceived probability of negative consequences (PPNC), perceived severity of negative consequences (PSNC), perceived probability of positive consequences (PPPC), and perceived beneficiality of positive consequences (PBPC) from binge drinking, based on the two-step process model. I conducted an online survey at a public university in the US (N = 278)...
June 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586249/friends-don-t-let-friends-smoke-how-storytelling-and-social-distance-influence-nonsmokers-responses-to-antismoking-messages
#16
Zexin Ma, Xiaoli Nan
This study examines nonsmokers' responses to antismoking messages. Informed by construal-level theory (CLT), it investigates whether and how evidence type (narrative vs. non-narrative) and social distance might interact to influence nonsmokers' attitudes toward others' quitting smoking and intentions to persuade others to quit smoking. Results of a controlled experiment (N = 281) revealed an approximately significant two-way interaction pertaining to attitudes. Simple effects analyses revealed that narratives produced less-favorable attitudes toward others' quitting smoking than nonnarratives when participants thought about their best friend...
June 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586239/entertainment-education-videos-as-a-persuasive-tool-in-the-substance-use-prevention-intervention-keepin-it-real
#17
YoungJu Shin, Michelle Miller-Day, Michael L Hecht, Janice L Krieger
Based on social cognitive theory and narrative engagement theory, the current study examined hypothesized indirect effects of engagement with keepin' it REAL (kiR) curriculum entertainment-education (E-E) videos on youth alcohol use via youth drug offer refusal efficacy. Students in 7th grade (N = 1,464) at 25 public schools in two Midwestern states were randomly assigned to one of the two versions of the kiR curriculum, the kiR urban version and the kiR rural version. Each version had their own set of five culturally-grounded E-E videos depicting communicative skills to refuse drug offers...
June 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569543/the-effects-of-attractiveness-and-source-expertise-on-online-health-sites
#18
Wan S Jung, Mun-Young Chung, E Soo Rhee
The surface characteristics (presentational or design elements) of online content have been the focus of a growing body of credibility literature in recent decades. However, since the online health information communities such as WebMD do not provide any design options when writing comments on the original post, how the simplistic presentational of comments (e.g., spacing, bullet-points, labeling, and line breaks) can affect web users' responses was examined. Our study found that minimal variations in the presentation of online contents can influence assessments of their credibility and behavioral intentions...
June 1, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557534/the-influence-of-information-appraisals-and-information-behaviors-on-the-acceptance-of-health-information-a-study-of-television-medical-talk-shows-in-south-korea
#19
Jae-Seon Jeong, Seungyoon Lee
As television medical talk shows have become an increasingly popular source of health information, it is important to understand the processes by which people come to accept, at times unconditionally, the information presented by these shows. Based on the heuristic-systematic model (HSM), this study explores the way by which individuals process health information from television medical talk shows. Specifically, this study examines the relationship between information exposure, information appraisals (e.g., appropriateness and incoherence), information behaviors (e...
May 30, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541817/gendered-cultural-identities-the-influences-of-family-and-privacy-boundaries-subjective-norms-and-stigma-beliefs-on-family-health-history-communication
#20
Soo Jung Hong
This study investigates the effects of cultural norms on family health history (FHH) communication in the American, Chinese, and Korean cultures. More particularly, this study focuses on perceived family boundaries, subjective norms, stigma beliefs, and privacy boundaries, including age and gender, that affect people's FHH communication. For data analyses, hierarchical multiple regression and logistic regression methods were employed. The results indicate that participants' subjective norms, stigma beliefs, and perceived family/privacy boundaries were positively associated with current FHH communication...
May 25, 2017: Health Communication
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