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Health Communication

Michela Rimondini, Maria Angela Mazzi, Isolde Martina Busch, Jozien Bensing
Patients' first impressions obtained during early contacts with doctors represent the basis for relationship building processes. Aim of this study was to verify how patients' first impression of doctors' communication approach influences patients' global assessment of doctors' performance. This cross-sectional study was part of a larger, multicenter observational study aiming to assess lay-people's preferences regarding patient-doctor communication. All participants (N = 136) were equally distributed over two selected Italian and Dutch recruitment centers as well as for gender and age...
July 11, 2018: Health Communication
Celia Pechak, Loretta Dillon, Emre Umucu
Communication is at the foundation of safe and effective health care. When patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) have healthcare providers who do not speak their language, the communication barrier can lead to poor outcomes. Responding to the high number of Spanish-speaking individuals with LEP, a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) program has integrated Spanish-language training in the curriculum. This paper describes their development and pilot testing of the Physical Therapy Spanish Proficiency Measure (PT-SPM)...
July 10, 2018: Health Communication
Lucy A Tully, Patrycja J Piotrowska, Daniel A J Collins, Paul J Frick, Vicki Anderson, Caroline Moul, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Eva R Kimonis, David Hawes, Mark R Dadds
There is substantial evidence that parenting programs are effective in improving parenting and child mental health outcomes. While there is increasing focus on delivering parenting interventions online to increase their reach and dissemination, fathers are underrepresented in all formats of parenting programs. However, research suggests that father participation is important for intervention effectiveness. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a media campaign for increasing awareness of, and participation in, an online father-inclusive parenting program called 'ParentWorks'...
July 9, 2018: Health Communication
Jenny L Crowley, Andrew C High, Lindsey J Thomas
Unintended pregnancies constitute potentially stigmatizing moments that mobilize desires for several types of support from multiple members of people's networks. This study examines gaps among the support people desire, expect, and receive when coping with an unintended pregnancy. The support gaps people experience can influence their feelings about the pregnancy and their perceptions of stigma surrounding it. People (N = 203) who recently experienced an unintended pregnancy reported in an online survey the supportive communication they experienced from their romantic partner, mother/maternal figure, and close friend at the time of the unintended pregnancy...
July 9, 2018: Health Communication
Emily Brennan, Erin Maloney, Yotam Ophir, Joseph N Cappella
Warning labels on tobacco products sometimes feature images and stories of real people whose health has been affected by smoking. We examined effects of some of the design elements that may contribute to the effectiveness of these testimonial pictorial warning labels (PWLs). Beginning with a testimonial PWL that contained an image of a person and a basic warning statement (e.g., "Smoking can kill you"), we examined the impact of adding: (a) text detailing the person's name, age and health status (identifiers); and (b) explanatory statements that elaborated on the basic warning using a testimonial or non-testimonial message...
July 9, 2018: Health Communication
Jordan M Alpert, Bonny B Morris, Maria D Thomson, Khalid Matin, Richard F Brown
Patient portals are becoming widespread throughout health-care systems. Initial research has demonstrated that they positively impact patient-provider communication and patients' health knowledge, but little is known about the impact of patient portals in the cancer setting, where highly complex and uncertain medical data are available for patients to view. To better understand communicative behaviors and perceptions of the patient portal and how it is utilized in oncology, in-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 48 participants: 35 patients and 13 oncologists...
July 6, 2018: Health Communication
Xiaoli Nan, Kelly Daily, Adam Richards, Cheryl Holt
Is parents' support for mandating human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination for their adolescent children influenced by how the policy advocacy message is framed? In this research, we conducted an experiment in which a group of African-American parents were exposed to messages advocating HPV vaccination mandates that were framed in either gains or losses. Our results demonstrate the importance of considering the personality trait - consideration of future consequences - when assessing the efficacy of gain- and loss-framed health advocacy...
July 6, 2018: Health Communication
Xueying Zhang, Shuhua Zhou
This study drew on appraisal theory to examine how fear appeal messages and individual coping styles combined to drive users' intention to click (ITC) health risk messages on social media. A 2 × 2 × 2 mixed-design experiment was conducted, with threat and efficacy as between subject factors and message as the within subject factor. The results suggested that: (1) threat and efficacy message influenced ITC via the mediating effect of perceived threat, and perceived efficacy; (2) fear arousal was positively related to intention to click; (3) blunting style used by the participant suppressed fear arousal's ability to mobilize ITC; and (4) monitoring style had a positive main effect on ITC...
June 29, 2018: Health Communication
Soontae An, Hannah Lee
This study examined whether and when people are more likely to conform to stigmatizing views on suicide in online social interactions. Two key factors in the study included characteristics of individuals' social capital and suicide literacy. Study 1 analyzed national survey data to explore the relationships, and Study 2 involved a vignette to gauge the extent to which people conform to stigmatizing attitudes toward suicidal people under group pressure. Results showed that those emphasizing social networks demonstrated higher levels of suicide stigma, while those with more interpersonal trust showed lower levels of stigma...
June 20, 2018: Health Communication
Vinita Agarwal
Although the body is central to health outcomes, the provider's body has been largely absent in the provider-patient relationship. Drawing upon semi-structured interviews with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) providers (N = 17), this study examines how CAM providers use their body to characterize their work as healers. The findings suggest the provider's self-reflexive awareness of their own body's illness and faith experiences informs their understanding of the patients' experience of health and disease...
June 20, 2018: Health Communication
Camellia Torabizadeh, Tayebeh Bahmani, Zahra Molazem, Seyed Alireza Moayedi
Effective communications play a significant role in environments where health care is provided. A review of the available literature did not yield a valid scale for evaluation of operating room nurse-doctor communication. Accordingly, the present study is an attempt at development and psychometric evaluation of a professional communication questionnaire for the operating room. The present study is a methodological work conducted in two steps. In the first stage of the study, 56 items on a 5-point Likert scale were developed according to the results of a review of relevant literature and several meetings with experts...
June 14, 2018: Health Communication
Kim Borg, Mark Boulet, Liam Smith, Peter Bragge
Information and communication technologies can be a valuable tool for enhancing health communication. However, not everyone is utilising the wide suite of digital opportunities. This disparity has the potential to exacerbate existing social and health inequalities, particularly among vulnerable groups such as those who are in poor health and the elderly. This review aimed to systematically identify the common barriers to, and facilitators of, digital inclusion. A comprehensive database search yielded 969 citations...
June 11, 2018: Health Communication
Jennifer Ann McGetrick, Kim D Raine, T Cameron Wild, Candace I J Nykiforuk
Health in all policies can address chronic disease morbidity and mortality by increasing population-level physical activity and healthy eating, and reducing tobacco and alcohol use. Both governmental and nongovernmental policy influencers are instrumental for health policy that modifies political, economic, and social environments. Policy influencers are informed and persuaded by coalitions that support or oppose changing the status quo. Empirical research examining policy influencers' contact with coalitions, as a social psychological exposure with health policy outcomes, can benefit from application of health communication theories...
June 11, 2018: Health Communication
Lijiang Shen
There has been evidence that empathy-arousing messages might be an effective and ethical approach to persuasion in health communication. Knowledge of intrinsic message features is needed to better design and craft such messages. The goals of this research were (a) to identify message features with the potential to arouse state empathy, (b) to verify the association between the identified message features and state empathy, and (c) to determine if state empathy mediates the impact of the message features on persuasion and social stigma...
June 11, 2018: Health Communication
Jennifer Woody Collins
What if objects had an active role in shaping our health behaviors? Using my experience breastfeeding my baby, I explore this question through a journey from strict adherence to standard biomedical advice for safe infant sleep to heading the urgings of my body, specifically that of breastmilk, which I come to see as playing an agentic role in my practice of "breastsleeping." I come to see a need for new systems of inquiry that allow dialogue with objects to meaningfully include their "voice" in hopes of arriving at a more complete understanding of health...
June 5, 2018: Health Communication
Kali Vitek, L Monique Ward
Because portrayals of pregnancy and childbirth on reality television (TV) often highlight risk, drama, and the use of medical interventions, it is possible that exposure to this content could influence women's fear of childbirth and childbirth self-efficacy. To test this question, we conducted an experiment among 213 undergraduate women who were assigned to view a video clip of either medicalized births from reality TV, midwife-attended births from reality TV, or a neutral childbirth education clip. Findings indicated that childbirth attitudes did vary across conditions, with participants in the medicalized condition reporting the highest fear of childbirth and lowest childbirth self-efficacy...
June 5, 2018: Health Communication
Juwon Hwang, Dhavan V Shah
Parental concerns over the safety or necessity of childhood vaccination have increased over the past decades. At the same time, there has been a proliferation of vaccine-related information available through a range of health information sources. This study investigates the associations between evaluations of health information sources, parental perceptions of childhood vaccination benefits, and the maintenance of vaccination schedules for their children. Specifically, this study aims to (a) incorporate social media into the battery of health information sources and (b) differentiate households with a childhood autism diagnosis and those without, given unsubstantiated but persistent concerns about vaccine safety and autism...
June 5, 2018: Health Communication
Robert D Ashford, Austin M Brown, Brenda Curtis
Previous research has found initial evidence that word choice impacts the perception and treatment of those with behavioral health disorders through explicit bias (i.e., stigma). A more robust picture of behavioral health disorder stigma should incorporate both explicit and implicit bias, rather than relying on only one form. The current study uses the Go/No-Go Association Task to calculate a d' (sensitivity) indexed score of automatic attitudes (i.e., implicit associations) to two terms, "addict" and "person with substance use disorder...
June 4, 2018: Health Communication
Laura D Russell
Health communication scholars grapple with complex issues, many of which probe embodied sensibilities. This essay narrates a profound, unexpected moment that gives rise to notions of trust, vulnerability, and risks involved when conducting fieldwork. The author explains how embodied interactions bring forth latent constructs pertinent to health communication research, both for investigative practices and applied purposes. Furthermore, the author questions how symbolic acts demonstrated by research participants may illuminate powerful meanings yet simultaneously pose potential dangers for researchers...
May 31, 2018: Health Communication
Siyue Li, Roselyn J Lee-Won, Jessica McKnight
Physician review websites have become more relevant and important in people's selection of physicians. The current study experimentally examined how online physician reviews endorsing a primary care physician's (PCP's) technical or interpersonal skills, along with a physician's gender, may influence people's perceptions of the physician's skills and their willingness to choose the physician. Participants were randomly assigned to view a mockup physician review web page and to imagine that they needed to find a new PCP in a new city...
May 24, 2018: Health Communication
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