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Health Communication

Jie Zhuang, Mary Jiang Bresnahan, Xiaodi Yan, Yi Zhu, Joanne Goldbort, Elizabeth Bogdan-Lovis
Returning to work poses a challenge to new mothers' breastfeeding success during the first 6 months postpartum. While previous research has shown that breastfeeding-related workplace policy plays a significant role in women's decision to continue breastfeeding, the extent to which interpersonal factors such as coworkers' (lack of) support and stigma affect women's breastfeeding behavior is less understood. Through a cross-sectional survey with 500 working mothers, this research found that female coworker support of other women played an important role in affecting mothers' decision to continue breastfeeding after returning to work and contributed to breastfeeding self-efficacy...
May 17, 2018: Health Communication
Xinyan Zhao, Bo Yang, Chau-Wai Wong
Our study examines the trend of U.S. immigrants' engagement in various e-health activities and how immigrants' use of e-health technologies is associated with their cultural characteristics over years. Aggregating three national representative samples of U.S. immigrants from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) conducted between 2008 and 2013, our results from trend analyses and logistic regressions revealed that the U.S. immigrants exhibited an increasing trend on two types of e-health engagement: tracking personal health information online and communicating with a doctor online...
May 16, 2018: Health Communication
Robin Patric Clair, Rahul Rastogi, Seungyoon Lee, Rosalee A Clawson, Ernest R Blatchley, Charlotte Erdmann
A multi-pronged approach to health policy and programs related to open defecation (OD) is proposed via a qualitative study conducted in rural India. A dialogic and dialectic perspective is employed to interpret the key findings from nine focus groups, highlighting the dialectical views toward OD and latrines. Findings indicate that current policy may be too narrow as it does not fully deal with the multiple reasons, including social communication as well as gender, cultural, health and work identity issues, for OD...
May 15, 2018: Health Communication
Anne F Rositch, Rebkha Atnafou, Melinda Krakow, Gypsyamber D'Souza
Family cancer history (FCH) can shape prevention and early detection behaviors to decrease cancer risk. However, many individuals are unaware of increased risk for cancers based on family patterns. For some African-American communities, communication about FCH is rare and barriers have not been well studied. To optimize the use of FCH, it is crucial to understand how patients gather and share FCH with relatives and healthcare providers. We conducted four focus groups (n = 40) and seven key informant interviews (n = 9) to investigate knowledge, experiences, and barriers/promoters of FCH in the East Baltimore African-American community...
May 14, 2018: Health Communication
Han-Kuang Tien, Wen Chung
This research addressed adults' health check-ups through the lens of Role Transportation Theory. This theory is applied to narrative advertising that lures adults into seeking health check-ups by causing audiences to empathize with the advertisement's character. This study explored the persuasive mechanism behind narrative advertising and reinforced the Protection Motivation Theory model. We added two key perturbation variables: optimistic bias and truth avoidance. To complete the verification hypothesis, we performed two experiments...
May 10, 2018: Health Communication
Pouyan Esmaeilzadeh
The implementation of Health Information Exchanges (HIEs) by healthcare organizations may not achieve the desired outcomes as consumers may request that their health information remains unshared because of information privacy concerns. Drawing on the insights of concern for information privacy (CFIP) literature, this work extends the application of CFIP to the HIE domain. This study attempts to develop and test a model centered on the four dimensions of CFIP construct (collection, errors, unauthorized access, and secondary use) and their antecedents to predict consumers' opt-in behavioral intention toward HIE in the presence of the perceived health status' effects...
May 8, 2018: Health Communication
Shupei Yuan, John C Besley, Wenjuan Ma
The current study investigated the effect of communication style in the child vaccination debate. Based on expectancy violation theory, this study tested the effects of aggressive, neutral, and polite communication styles in the contexts of child vaccination, controlling for parents' attitudes toward the issue. The online experiment showed that expectancy violation significantly mediates the relationship between message style and outcomes. The results provided a novel way to understand the effect of communication style on child vaccination message and practical implications for health communicators to operate communication style during interactions in health contexts...
May 8, 2018: Health Communication
Jeffery Chaichana Peterson, Aline Gubrium, Alice Fiddian-Green
Drug scares have historically been created for a range of purposes and with a variety of effects in the United States. Moral panics evoked by these drug scares either support or challenge dominant American ideas about race, economics, and society. In the present study, we examined newspaper accounts of methamphetamine use in the Inland Pacific Northwest of the United States in an effort to understand how the "reality" of the "meth epidemic" is socially constructed in a "meth hotspot," and reflect upon the ways that the discourse of Whiteness intersects with this construction...
May 7, 2018: Health Communication
Kira Varava
Childhood obesity is a growing problem in the United States. This study used the theory of normative social behavior (TNSB) to better understand how social norms affect the eating behavior of children. Past studies have applied TNSB to adolescents, but not to younger children and not in the context of eating behavior. Participants were 166 children between the ages of 8 and 11 years. They completed questionnaires with TNSB measures (descriptive norms, injunctive norms, outcome expectations, peer communication, group identity, and ego involvement)...
May 7, 2018: Health Communication
René M Dailey
Because romantic partners can be a strong influence on individuals' weight loss efforts and progress, the current study assessed the relational context of weight loss-dynamics within the relationship that pertain to weight loss. Three relational characteristics were examined: whether the weight loss was a team effort, how much partners had opposing approaches to weight loss, and individuals' difficulty in balancing their weight loss goals within their relationship goals. Findings showed that the relational characteristics were associated with both the perceived frequency and effectiveness of partner strategies (i...
May 3, 2018: Health Communication
Jean C McSweeney, Beatrice Boateng, Laura James, Pearl Anna McElfish, David Robinson, Sandra E Hatley, Pamela Christie, Nia Indelicato
BACKGROUND: A major challenge in clinical research today is the difficulty that studies have in meeting recruitment goals. Up to 48% of studies do not meet accrual goals within the specified timeframe, significantly delaying the progress of projects and the dissemination of findings. This pervasive problem is a recruitment crisis. We developed a representative, ethnically and racially diverse research participant registry in a predominantly rural state with high levels of health care disparities and minority populations...
May 1, 2018: Health Communication
Kimberly K Walker, Kelli Burns
This study is a content analysis of health professionals' and educators' tweets about a popular Netflix show that depicts teen suicide: 13 Reasons Why. A content analysis of 740 tweets was conducted to determine the main themes associated with professionals' and educators' tweets about the show, as well as the valence of the tweets. Additionally, a thematic analysis of linked content in tweets (n = 178) was conducted to explore additional content shared about the show and modeling outcomes. Results indicated the largest percentage of tweets was related to social learning, particularly about outcomes that could occur from viewing the show...
April 27, 2018: Health Communication
Sheila Mammen, Yoshie Sano, Bonnie Braun, Elisabeth Fost Maring
Rural, low-income families are disproportionately impacted by health problems owing to structural barriers (e.g., transportation, health insurance coverage) and personal barriers (e.g., health literacy). This paper presents a Participatory Action Research (PAR) model of co-created Core Health Messages (CHMs) in the areas of dental health, food security, health insurance, and physical activity. The research project engaged a multi-disciplinary team of experts to design initial health messages; rural, low-income mothers to respond to, and co-create, health messages; and stakeholders who work with families to share their insights...
April 23, 2018: Health Communication
Anne Oeldorf-Hirsch, Andrew C High, John L Christensen
This study investigates the relationship between sharing tracked mobile health (mHealth) information online, supportive communication, feedback, and health behavior. Based on the Integrated Theory of mHealth, our model asserts that sharing tracked health information on social networking sites benefits users' perceptions of their health because of the supportive communication they gain from members of their online social networks and that the amount of feedback people receive moderates these associations. Users of mHealth apps (N = 511) completed an online survey, and results revealed that both sharing tracked health information and receiving feedback from an online social network were positively associated with supportive communication...
April 23, 2018: Health Communication
Sabrina Heike Kessler, Arne Freya Zillich
In Germany, the Internet is gaining increasing importance for laypeople as a source of health information, including information about vaccination. While previous research has focused on the characteristics of online information about vaccination, this study investigated the influence of relevant user-specific cognitive factors on users' search behavior for online information about vaccination. Additionally, it examined how searching online for information about vaccination influences users' attitudes toward vaccination...
April 20, 2018: Health Communication
Timothy Curran
Loneliness is a psychological health issue related to deleterious physical health outcomes such as mortality and chronic disease. The aim of this research was to examine intergenerational transmissions of loneliness from mothers to adult child via a moderated mediation model of perceived familial social support and conflict avoidance. Surveys were collected from 146 (N = 292) mother-child dyads on self-reports of loneliness, familial social support, and mother-child conflict avoidance. The results showed that child perceptions of familial social support mediated the relationship between mother-child loneliness...
April 19, 2018: Health Communication
Tamara Afifi, Douglas Granger, Anne Ersig, Eva Tsalikian, Ariana Shahnazi, Sharde Davis, Kathryn Harrison, Michelle Acevedo Callejas, Audrey Scranton
The theory of resilience and relational load was tested with 60 couples and their adolescent children (ages 11-18) with type I diabetes (T1D). The couples participated in a stress-inducing conversation task in their home, followed by a random assignment to a two-week intervention designed to increase their relationship maintenance. Before the intervention, stronger communal orientation predicted greater maintenance for husbands and wives, but maintenance only reduced T1D stress for wives. The wives' and adolescents' T1D stress were also correlated, but the husbands' T1D stress was not significantly associated with either of them...
April 18, 2018: Health Communication
H Erin Lee, Jaehee Cho
This study examined the relationships across social media use, social support, depression, and general psychological disposition among people with movement or mobility disabilities in Korea. First, with survey data (n = 91) collected from users of social network sites (SNSs) and online communities, hypotheses regarding positive associations between intensity of an individual's engagement in social media and four different types of social support-emotional, instrumental, informational, and appraisal support-were tested as well as hypotheses regarding mediation effects of the social support variables in the association between social media use and depression...
April 13, 2018: Health Communication
Jessica Gall Myrick
Much research has investigated what happens when celebrities disclose an illness (via media) to the public. While audience involvement (i.e., identification and parasocial relationships) is often the proposed mechanism linking illness disclosures with audience behavior change, survey designs have prevented researchers from understanding if audience involvement prior to the illness disclosure actually predicts post-disclosure emotions, cognitions, and behaviors. Rooted in previous work on audience involvement as well as the Extended Parallel Process Model, the present study uses a national online experiment (N = 1,068) to test how pre-disclosure audience involvement may initiate post-disclosure effects for the message context of skin cancer...
April 13, 2018: Health Communication
Minwoong Chung, Maria Knight Lapinski
The current study tests the predictions of the theory of normative social behavior (TNSB) in a hand-washing context in a Korean sample and extends the theory to examine the role of perceived publicness, a variable believed to activate face concerns, as a moderator of the norm-behavior relationship. The findings show substantial main effects for all of the study variables on behavior. In addition, the descriptive norm-behavior relationship is moderated by perceived publicness and outcome expectations, but the nature of the interactions is not consistent with that evidenced in previous literature on US samples...
April 10, 2018: Health Communication
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