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Health Communication

Stephanie P Goldstein, Evan M Forman, Meghan L Butryn, James D Herbert
College students report several barriers to exercise, highlighting a need for university-based programs that address these challenges. In contrast to in-person interventions, several web-based programs have been developed to enhance program engagement by increasing ease of access and lowering the necessary level of commitment to participate. Unfortunately, web-based programs continue to struggle with engagement and less-than-ideal outcomes. One explanation for this discrepancy is that different intervention modalities may attract students with distinctive activity patterns, motivators, barriers, and program needs...
September 21, 2017: Health Communication
Rebecca J Schwei, Michelle Schroeder, Ifna Ejebe, Maichou Lor, Linda Park, Phia Xiong, Elizabeth A Jacobs
Our objective was to describe when Hmong- and Spanish-speaking limited English proficient (LEP) patients perceive an interpreter was needed and how they perceive the decision to utilize an interpreter is made in a health care encounter. We interviewed a total of 20 LEP patients. We used a number of strategies to recruit LEP patients including posting language-appropriate flyers at clinics, sending letters to LEP patients and asking our participants to refer their family and friends to participate in our study...
September 20, 2017: Health Communication
Rebecca K Barnes
This paper focuses on a recurrent practice observed in UK primary care data - how physicians use pre-recommendations: action sequences that when initiated post-diagnosis are recognisably preliminary to the drug treatment recommendations that they contingently project. Data are drawn from recorded primary care consultations collected in England. Pre-recommendations consist of physician requests for information about prior medicines such as, What've you tried taking? or Have you taken anything so far? Patient responses subsequently shape the first part of the base treatment recommendation pair...
September 11, 2017: Health Communication
Michael L Stellefson, Jonathan J Shuster, Beth H Chaney, Samantha R Paige, Julia M Alber, J Don Chaney, P S Sriram
Many people living with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) have low general health literacy; however, there is little information available on these patients' eHealth literacy, or their ability to seek, find, understand, and appraise online health information and apply this knowledge to address or solve disease-related health concerns. A nationally representative sample of patients registered in the COPD Foundation's National Research Registry (N = 1,270) was invited to complete a web-based survey to assess socio-demographic (age, gender, marital status, education), health status (generic and lung-specific health-related quality of life), and socio-cognitive (social support, self-efficacy, COPD knowledge) predictors of eHealth literacy, measured using the 8-item eHealth literacy scale (eHEALS)...
September 5, 2017: Health Communication
Clara Bergen, Tanya Stivers, Rebecca K Barnes, John Heritage, Rose McCabe, Laura Thompson, Merran Toerien
This study investigates patient resistance to doctors' treatment recommendations in a cross-national comparison of primary care. Through this lens, we explore English and American patients' enacted priorities, expectations, and assumptions about treating routine illnesses with prescription versus over-the-counter medications. We perform a detailed analysis of 304 (American) and 393 (English) naturally occurring treatment discussions and conclude that American and English patients tend to use treatment resistance in different prescribing contexts to pursue different ends...
September 5, 2017: Health Communication
Catherine Fernan, Jonathon P Schuldt, Jeff Niederdeppe
Research on front-of-package (FOP) labeling demonstrates that nutrient content claims (e.g., "low fat") can lead consumers to perceive foods as healthier in general-effects that have been interpreted using halo effect theories of impression formation. Extending this work, the present study investigates whether these effects may depend on whether nutrient information comes in the form of a nutrient content claim ("good source of protein") or embedded within the product title itself ("protein" bar)-an important question given the popularity of energy/nutrition bars and ongoing policy debates over food-labeling regulation...
August 30, 2017: Health Communication
Qiaolei Jiang, Xiuqin Huang, Ran Tao
In China, public concern continues to mount regarding the risks of excessive Internet use among adolescents. This study investigated the factors influencing Internet addiction and adolescent risk behaviors among excessive Internet users. Proposing a conceptual model with a theoretical origin in risk behavior theory and media dependency theory, this study examined the influence of personality traits, online gaming, Internet connectedness (both the overall index and various scopes), and demographics on Internet addiction and risk behaviors (smoking, drinking, gambling, and risky sexual behaviors)...
August 29, 2017: Health Communication
Inmaculada Riquelme, Antonia Pades Jiménez, Pedro Montoya
Pain assessment is difficult in individuals with cerebral palsy (CP). This is of particular relevance in children with communication difficulties, when non-verbal pain behaviors could be essential for appropriate pain recognition. Parents are considered good proxies in the recognition of pain in their children; however, health professionals also need a good understanding of their patients' pain experience. This study aims at analyzing the agreement between parents' and physiotherapists' assessments of verbal and non-verbal pain behaviors in individuals with CP...
August 29, 2017: Health Communication
Berkeley Franz, Daniel Skinner, Anna M Kerr, Robert Penfold, Kelly Kelleher
Previous studies have focused on the role anchor institutions play in community development. However, less attention has been directed to how hospitals can effectively partner with community-organizations and residents as part of population health efforts. This article examines community views of one initiative developed by a major American children's hospital in partnership with local community organizations. The data for this study come from 35 in-depth interviews with local residents from the neighborhood adjacent to the hospital and two interviews with hospital administrators...
August 29, 2017: Health Communication
Kristen L W Webster
Reproductive medicine has depended upon the altruistic motivations of women to donate eggs. Donors are lauded for these self-sacrificing actions but are treated as a product during the selection and donation process. This process highlights the contradictory behaviors as evidence to the dichotomous split of the definition of women as "virgins" or "whores," by attracting women to donate as the former and treating them as the latter.
August 29, 2017: Health Communication
Glenn Leshner, Russell B Clayton, Paul D Bolls, Manu Bhandari
A 2 × 2 experiment was conducted, where participants watched anti-tobacco messages that varied in deception (content portraying tobacco companies as dishonest) and disgust (negative graphic images) content. Psychophysiological measures, self-report, and a recognition test were used to test hypotheses generated from the motivated cognition framework. The results of this study indicate that messages containing both deception and disgust push viewers into a cascade of defensive responses reflected by increased self-reported unpleasantness, reduced resources allocated to encoding, worsened recognition memory, and dampened emotional responses compared to messages depicting one attribute or neither...
August 29, 2017: Health Communication
Josephine Y Chau, Bronwyn McGill, Becky Freeman, Catriona Bonfiglioli, Adrian Bauman
The first quantitative, specific recommendations for sitting time at work were released in June 2015. This paper examines the implications of news coverage received by this position statement. Media reports about statement published May, 31-June, 29, 2015 were analyzed according to five recommendations and three caveats extracted from the guidelines' press release. Information about how physical activity was framed and mentions of conflicts of interest were recorded. Of 58 news reports, nine reported all five recommendations in the position paper...
August 29, 2017: Health Communication
Marco Yzer, Jiyoung Han, Kelvin Choi
Health message design combines selected visual and textual components that are thought to work in concert to produce a particular intended message effect. Most health message effects research assumes rather than determines that message recipients attend to those visual and textual components. In contrast, the present research mapped viewing patterns of 50 participants in response to a set of anti-binge drinking print messages using eye-tracking methodology. Results showed that participants primarily viewed faces of persons portrayed in the messages, as well as alcohol use cues and cryptic one-liners...
August 29, 2017: Health Communication
Haley Kranstuber Horstman, Amanda Holman
Grounded in communicated sense-making (CSM) theorizing, we investigated communicated perspective-taking (CPT; i.e., conversational partners' attendance to and confirmation of each other's views) in association with individual and relational well-being in married couples who had miscarried (n = 183; N = 366). Actor-partner interdependence modeling revealed husbands' perceptions of wives' CPT were positively related to husbands' positive affect about the miscarriage and both spouses' relational satisfaction, as well as negatively associated with wives' positive affect...
August 28, 2017: Health Communication
Ruth DeFoster, Natashia Swalve
In recent years, public health scholars and policymakers have been calling for increased research on the public health implications of gun violence. However, scientific research on this issue has been stifled by a 1996 budget rider that eliminated Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) funding for gun research. In this study, we examined newspaper coverage of three mass shootings that took place over a 20-year period before and after the passage of this budget rider. We found that sources and frames provided by news media to contextualize gun violence shifted markedly over time, progressing from episodic and individual-level frames to broader thematic societal-level concerns, with increased discussion of mental health but limited discourse explicitly related to public health...
August 25, 2017: Health Communication
Merran Toerien
Recommendations can be implied by asserting some generalisation about a treatment's benefit without overtly directing the patient to take it. Focusing on a collection of assertions in UK neurology consultations, this paper shows that these are overwhelmingly receipted as "merely" doing informing and argues that this is made possible by their ambiguous design: their relatively depersonalised formats convey that the neurologist is simply telling the patient what's available, but the link made between the treatment and the patient's condition implies that it will be of benefit...
August 23, 2017: Health Communication
Rony Armon
This study examined how experts frame health risks in real-time interactions with journalists. Though there is evidence that experts influence media framing of health risks, the ways they respond to journalists' agendas in real-time interactions have yet to be explored. This paper examines instances of risk assessment extracted from a corpus of news interviews to determine how expert assessments were requested and provided. The analysis reveals that experts rarely deliver their assessments neutrally but rather treat these exchanges as opportunities for framing or reframing the topic...
August 23, 2017: Health Communication
Tanya Stivers, Rebecca K Barnes
In the era of patient participation in health care decision making, we know surprisingly little about the ways in which treatment recommendations are made, the contexts that shape their formulation, and the consequences of these formulations. In this article, we introduce a systematic collective investigation of how recommendations for medications are responded to and made in primary versus secondary care, in the US versus the UK, and in contexts where the medication was over the counter versus by prescription...
August 21, 2017: Health Communication
Nicholas T Iannarino
In this thematic narrative analysis, I examine how three young adult (YA) cancer survivors use humor and the five functions of illness-related storytelling in personal blogs maintained across the cancer trajectory to describe and counter their age-distinct biographical disruption. In 370 blog entries, YA narrators employed humor to facilitate biographical reconstruction and achieve "aligning moments" with audiences. Researchers and practitioners can use YA blogs to better understand the interpersonal health communication challenges associated with medical decision-making, altered social identities, the "void" following the completion of primary treatment, uncertainty about disclosure, and social isolation from other YA survivors...
August 21, 2017: Health Communication
Abigail Selzer King, Robin E Jensen, Christina Jones, Michael J McCarthy
Controversies about sex education have complex, yet often overlooked, occupational implications related to stigma for teachers. In this study, we interviewed 26 future sex educators in their last year of certification about how their anticipatory socialization experiences spoke to the management of potential occupational stigma. Our analysis revealed two stigma management communication (SMC) strategies future sex educators learned, strategies we term cooperation and opportunism, and identified the ways in which those strategies were responses to stigma content cues of responsibility and peril, respectively...
August 21, 2017: Health Communication
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