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Health Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918859/the-mediating-role-of-temporal-considerations-on-the-effects-of-self-affirmation-on-responses-to-organ-donation-messages
#1
Xiao Wang, Xiaoquan Zhao
Previous self-affirmation research has shown that individuals who are allowed to reflect on their values and self-worth are less likely to exhibit message derogation and are more likely to accept risk information and change their behaviors compared to those who are not. However, the underlying mechanisms for the effect are unclear. Based on a randomized experiment (N = 331), we examined the mediating role of temporal considerations in participants' health-related cognitions and emotional responses. We found that self-affirmed participants (vs...
December 5, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918849/the-relationship-between-health-literacy-and-health-conceptualizations-an-exploratory-study-of-elementary-school-aged-children
#2
Krishna Bhagat, Donna E Howard, Linda Aldoory
Analyzing children's conceptualizations of health and body and health literacy will significantly add understanding to how problematic health attitudes and behaviors may take root (Driessnack, Chung, Perkhounkova, & Hein, 2014). The knowledge gained from such an assessment can be applied towards communication contexts that aim to promote children's health literacy and their well-being. With increased health literacy, children can actively participate in decision-making regarding their own health and can understand why healthy behaviors are important to adult health (Borzekowski, 2009)...
December 5, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918848/celebrity-health-narratives-and-the-public-health-by-beck-christina-s-chapman-stellina-m-a-simmons-nathaniel-tenzek-kelly-e-and-ruhl-stephanie-m
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911096/evaluating-health-advice-in-a-web-2-0-environment-the-impact-of-multiple-user-generated-factors-on-hiv-advice-perceptions
#4
Joseph B Walther, Jeong-Woo Jang, Ashley A Hanna Edwards
Unlike traditional media, social media systems often present information of different types from different kinds of contributors within a single message pane, a juxtaposition of potential influences that challenges traditional health communication processing. One type of social media system, question-and-answer advice systems, provides peers' answers to health-related questions, which yet other peers read and rate. Responses may appear good or bad, responders may claim expertise, and others' aggregated evaluations of an answer's usefulness may affect readers' judgments...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911089/don-t-say-that-to-me-opposition-to-targeting-in-weight-centric-intervention-messages
#5
Becky Robinson, Samantha Coveleski
Obesity is a global health issue. Despite well-intentioned efforts by public institutions, traditional health promotion techniques often lead to offending those most in need of weight loss. For example, when Bryn Mawr College targeted overweight students to offer a free fitness and nutrition program, it was met with accusations of fat-shaming, indicating that weight-centric messages operate in a more complex sociocultural system than many public health concerns. To better understand reactions to weight-centric health messages, college-aged women evaluated the Bryn Mawr College e-mail...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911088/african-american-women-s-perspectives-on-donating-healthy-breast-tissue-for-research-implications-for-recruitment
#6
Katherine E Ridley-Merriweather, Katharine J Head
African American women die of breast cancer at a higher rate than any other racial group. The Komen Tissue Bank (KTB) is an ongoing clinical trial that collects healthy breast tissue from women of all racial groups to use as controls in research and represents a critical tool in efforts to treat and prevent breast cancer; however, African Americans display reticence toward donating breast tissue to the KTB. Through the lens of the Integrated Behavioral Model, this study recruited African American women to share their perspectives on donating breast tissue for research purposes...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911085/perceived-neighborhood-conditions-and-depression-positive-local-news-as-a-buffering-factor
#7
Masahiro Yamamoto
This study investigates positive local news as a moderator of the effects of perceived neighborhood conditions on depression. Data from an online survey of Chicago residents indicate that the relationship between fear of crime and depression is weaker for respondents who pay more attention to positive local news. Data also reveal that the indirect relationships that perceived neighborhood disorder and crime have with depression through fear of crime are weaker as attention to positive local news increases. Implications are discussed for the role of positive news as a protective factor for mental health...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902889/the-complexities-of-doctor-patient-family-communication-in-an-asian-oncology-setting-concordance-and-discordance-among-patient-preferences-family-preferences-and-perceived-and-actual-communication
#8
Geok Ling Lee, Irene Teo, Ravindran Kanesvaran
This article reports on a pilot study that examined the complexities of doctor-patient-family communication in an oncology setting in Singapore. Twenty consultation visits were audio-recorded and a postconsultation questionnaire was administered to patients and their accompanying person (AP) to examine their communication preferences. Patients and APs rated physician expertise and message content as highly important; supportive elements of the communication were rated as less important. Patients preferred information concerning their condition, while APs preferred information regarding treatment options...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902887/why-do-smokers-talk-about-antismoking-campaigns-predictors-of-the-occurrence-and-content-of-campaign-generated-conversations
#9
Emily Brennan, Sarah J Durkin, Melanie Wakefield, Yoshihisa Kashima
Smokers often talk about antismoking campaigns, and these conversations can contribute to campaign effectiveness. However, little is known about the predictors and content of naturally occurring campaign-generated conversations. In two studies (Study 1, N = 480; Study 2, N = 232), we systematically examined whether the occurrence and content of smokers' conversations after exposure to one of eight antismoking television advertisements were predicted by characteristics of (a) the message, (b) intrapersonal responses to the message, (c) the individual, and (d) the social context in which exposure occurred...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901600/the-role-of-the-built-environment-how-decentralized-nurse-stations-shape-communication-patient-care-processes-and-patient-outcomes
#10
Kevin Real, Shoshana H Bardach, David R Bardach
Increasingly, health communication scholars are attending to how hospital built environments shape communication, patient care processes, and patient outcomes. This multimethod study was conducted on two floors of a newly designed urban hospital. Nine focus groups interviews were conducted with 35 health care professionals from 10 provider groups. Seven of the groups were homogeneous by profession or level: nursing (three groups), nurse managers (two groups), and one group each of nurse care technicians ("techs") and physicians...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901352/the-social-amplification-of-haze-related-risks-on-the-internet
#11
Mark Chong, Murphy Choy
This study explores the implications of the digital network society for public health communication and management through an empirical study on communication related to the transboundary haze crisis in Singapore. Using the Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF), the authors applied sentiment and thematic analysis on haze-related posts on an online discussion forum (HardwareZone) and a social networking site (Facebook), and to haze-related articles in The Straits Times (a newspaper). The study shows that the medium matters in social amplification of risk: Facebook had an effect on the amplification of emotions, while HardwareZone and The Straits Times did not...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901347/who-is-caring-for-the-caregiver-the-role-of-cybercoping-for-dementia-caregivers
#12
Jae-Seon Jeong, Young Kim, Myoung-Gi Chon
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between dementia caregivers' communication behaviors (information seeking and forwarding) and their outcomes (coping outcomes: e.g., dealing better with negative feelings or improved medical outcomes). A survey data set of dementia patients' caregivers substantiates the effects of communication behaviors about dementia illness on coping outcomes, as well as the mediating role of emotion-focused and problem-focused coping processes. Using structural equation modeling (SEM), this study found positive effects of communication behaviors on outcomes through coping processes...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897451/coping-with-loss-mapping-digital-rituals-for-the-expression-of-grief
#13
Fiorenza Gamba
Although death has been frequently discussed in health communication, there has been a lack of research on coping with loss. Nevertheless, there are many websites and social network sites that offer suggestions to people as to how to cope with loss, including sites for support, sharing of experiences, and expressing grief. This article provides a theoretical understanding of grief by considering it as an emotional experience in terms of how it is expressed, its consequences, and the confrontation between the offline and online grief experience...
November 29, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897447/digital-networked-information-society-and-public-health-problems-and-promises-of-networked-health-communication-of-lay-publics
#14
Jeong-Nam Kim
This special issue of Health Communication compiles 10 articles to laud the promise and yet confront the problems in the digital networked information society related to public health. We present this anthology of symphony and cacophony of lay individuals' communicative actions in a digital networked information society. The collection of problems and promise of the new digital world may be a cornerstone joining two worlds-pre- and postdigital network society-and we hope this special issue will help better shape our future states of public health...
November 29, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892701/we-caring-searching-for-online-health-information-by-italian-families
#15
Elisabetta Cioni, Alessandro Lovari, Paola Tronu
Using data collected by the Italian National Institute of Statistics on 19,000 Italian adults who had accessed the Internet in 2013, our study investigates the interaction between online health information-seeking behaviors and family obligations among household members. The study presents a detailed picture of the likelihood of online health information searching according to health status and gendered family roles. Findings of binomial logistic regression models highlight that family obligations per se influence the probability of searching, regardless of the health of the seeker and that of family members...
November 28, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892700/justificatory-information-forefending-in-digital-age-self-sealing-informational-conviction-of-risky-health-behavior
#16
Jeong-Nam Kim, Yu Won Oh, Arunima Krishna
This study proposes the idea of justificatory information forefending, a cognitive process by which individuals accept information that confirms their preexisting health beliefs, and reject information that is dissonant with their attitudes. In light of the sheer volume of often contradictory information related to health that is frequently highlighted by the traditional media, this study sought to identify antecedents and outcomes of this justificatory information forefending. Results indicate that individuals who are exposed to contradictory health information, currently engage in risky health behavior, are comfortable using the Internet to search for information, and are currently taking steps to maintain their health are likely to actively select health information that confirms their preexisting notions about their health, and to reject information that is contradictory to their beliefs...
November 28, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858470/the-effect-of-health-beliefs-media-perceptions-and-communicative-behaviors-on-health-behavioral-intention-an-integrated-health-campaign-model-on-social-media
#17
Sun-Wook Yoo, Jarim Kim, Yeunjae Lee
Social media have recently gained attention as a potential health campaign tool. This study examines this line of expectation concerning the role social media may play in health campaigns by testing an integrated health campaign model that combines insights from research on social media-specific perceptions and communicative behaviors in order to predict health behaviors. Specifically, this study aims to (a) develop a more holistic social media campaign model for predicting health behaviors in the social media context, (b) investigate how social media channel-related perceptions affect preventive health behaviors, and (c) investigate how communicative behaviors mediate perceptions and behavioral intention...
November 18, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858469/network-environments-and-well-being-an-examination-of-personal-network-structure-social-capital-and-perceived-social-support
#18
Seungyoon Lee, Jae Eun Chung, Namkee Park
Previous studies have demonstrated the role of social networks, social capital, and social support in individuals' well-being. However, the ways in which these related constructs simultaneously influence one's well-being outcomes and relate to one another have not been closely examined. This study pays particular attention to the structural characteristics of personal networks, distinction between offline and online social capital, and different indicators of well-being outcomes. Based on survey data collected from 574 college students, the study found that two dimensions of personal networks-density and gender homophily-and social capital in the form of offline bonding capital explained perceived social support...
November 18, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858464/the-use-of-social-networking-sites-snss-in-health-communication-campaigns-review-and-recommendations
#19
Jingyuan Shi, Thanomwong Poorisat, Charles T Salmon
The past decade has witnessed a rapid increase in the use of Social Networking Sites (SNSs) in health communication campaigns seeking to achieve an ambitious range of health-related impacts. This article provides a review of 40 studies and research protocols, with a focus on two key factors that differentiate SNSs from more traditional health communication approaches of the past. The first is the potential dualism between message sender and receiver, in which receivers become receiver-sources who forward and amplify the content and reach of health messages...
November 18, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858460/exploring-the-use-of-theory-in-a-national-text-message-campaign-addressing-problem-recognition-and-constraint-recognition-for-publics-of-pregnant-women
#20
Linda Aldoory, Erica Blue Roberts, Jessica Bushar, Luciana C Assini-Meytin
Infant mortality is associated with access to healthcare, knowledge, and health literacy. Text4baby, the largest national texting health initiative, seeks to address these factors. However, no research has examined the program's theoretical framework, an aspect that may impact its success. To address this gap, Text4baby's use of theory was evaluated through a content analysis of Text4baby messages and interviews with Text4baby content developers. We compared the main variables of health behavior theories framing Text4baby messages with the situational theory of publics and its factors of problem recognition and constraint recognition...
November 18, 2016: Health Communication
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