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Health Communication

Vinita Agarwal
My post-structuralist feminist reading of the antenatal and birthing practices of women (N = 25) living in a basti in India makes visible how the meanings of maternal experiences constituted as our ways open discursive spaces for the mothers and dais as procreators to: challenge (i.e., question the authority of), co-opt (i.e., conditionally adopt), and judge (i.e., employ sanctioned criteria to regulate) competing knowledge production forms. In critiquing maternal knowledge as feminist discourse, the women's strategies contribute theoretically to an integrative construction of care by reclaiming displaced knowledge discourses and diversity in meaning production...
February 3, 2017: Health Communication
Rachel A Smith, Christopher J Carpenter
Personal communication, in which one person persuades another to engage in a particular behavior, is one means through which behaviors spread. To better understand how personal communication spreads behavior, we investigated adults' (N = 228) likelihood of persuading others in a fictitious social network to buy antibiotic-free food, and who they attempted to persuade, based on behavioral determinants, homophily, and superdiffuser traits. For potential consumers, the findings showed that behavioral determinants, behavioral intentions, and mavenism predicted intentions to persuade others...
February 3, 2017: Health Communication
Hye-Jin Paek, Thomas Hove
This study examines the roles that the media effects and persuasion ethics schemas play in people's responses to an antismoking ad in South Korea. An online experiment was conducted with 347 adults. The media effects schema was manipulated with news stories on an antismoking campaign's effectiveness, while the persuasion ethics schema was measured and median-split. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) tests were performed for issue attitudes (Iatt), attitude toward the ad (Aad), and behavioral intention (BI). Results show significant main effects of the media effects schema on the three dependent variables...
February 3, 2017: Health Communication
Melissa Rizzo Weller
In this essay, I reflect on my experiences with Relay for Life (RFL), the American Cancer Society's walking event focused on raising awareness and donations for research and patient support programs. I share stories of relationships built within this context and how those relationships are fostered by storytelling. I also draw on literature that brings to light the neoliberal effects of fundraising for health-related causes. In spite of the consumerism that is inherent in fundraising events such as RFL, those of us affected by cancer benefit from the connections created and nurtured in those spaces...
February 3, 2017: Health Communication
Ashley K Barrett
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act passed by the U.S. government in 2009 mandates that all healthcare organizations adopt a certified electronic health record (EHR) system by 2015. Failure to comply will result in Medicare reimbursement penalties, which steadily increase with each year of delinquency. There are several repercussions of this seemingly top-down, rule-bound organizational change-one of which is employee resistance. Given the penalties for violating EHR meaningful use standards are ongoing, resistance to this mandate presents a serious issue for healthcare organizations...
February 3, 2017: Health Communication
John T Brinton, Lora D Barke, Mary E Freivogel, Tiffany C Talley, Michelle D Lexin, Alicia L Drew, Rachel B Beam, Deborah H Glueck
It is unclear how best to communicate recommendations for breast cancer screening with MRI as an adjunct to mammography for women at high risk. This study compares the rates of breast MRI screening for two different methods of communication. The retrospective IRB-approved cohort study was conducted at Invision Sally Jobe Breast Centers (ISJBC). ISJBC provided Gail model risk assessment to all women presenting for screening mammography. Women with scores ≥ 19.6% were considered to be high risk. Over 2 years, ISJBC used two different methods to inform women at elevated lifetime risk and their physicians about recommendations for adjunct MRI screening (N = 561, mean age = 52 years, s...
February 3, 2017: Health Communication
Chris Segrin, Melissa McNelis, Corey A Pavlich
Loneliness is associated with a range of physical health problems, and health behaviors (e.g., alcohol use) have been specified as one factor that explains the compromised health of lonely people. Accordingly, in this investigation, we sought to test direct and indirect (through stress) effects of loneliness on substance use (i.e., alcohol consumption, drinking problems, and prescription medication use) over the course of 1 year in a 2-wave longitudinal study. These effects were tested in a sample of 210 young adults who completed self-report measures of loneliness and substance use at time 1 and then completed measures of stress and substance use at time 2...
February 3, 2017: Health Communication
Lynsey K Romo
The vast majority of Americans are overweight, and those who are able to lose weight typically regain at least the amount they lost. Some people are confronted with sabotage, criticism, and declines in social support during and following weight loss. However, how individuals negotiate these interpersonal barriers is not very well understood. Such an understanding could help individuals maintain their weight loss while minimizing the risk of adverse health or relational consequences. Thus, through a thematic analysis of 40 interviews of people who were identified as previously overweight or obese and a facework lens (Cupach & Metts, 1994; Goffman, 1967), this study examined how people were communicatively able to sustain their weight loss in the face of challenges from friends, family, and colleagues...
February 2, 2017: Health Communication
Mohan Jyoti Dutta, Satveer Kaur, Pauline Luk, Julian Lin, Seow Ting Lee
This article seeks to contribute to the literature on health information seeking (HIS) by culturally locating the search for health information within the local contexts of everyday life in Singapore, and within the meaning-making processes that individuals participate in. Based on in-depth interviews with 100 participants selected through stratified sampling, it asks: How do Singaporeans make sense of HIS in the realm of their everyday lived experiences? The study contributes to the literature on the roles familial ties play in information gathering and sharing in a collective context...
February 2, 2017: Health Communication
Yadong Ji, Benjamin R Bates
"Birth tourism" has rarely been addressed by scholars. The ways that pregnant women are encouraged to leave their homelands and give birth abroad have not been investigated. Birth tourism agencies may seek to persuade women that particular destinations-such as the US-are ideal places for giving birth. An examination of how birth tourism agencies frame birth tourism may offer initial insights into this phenomenon. This study examines 34 agencies' home pages and their arguments advocating birth tourism for Chinese expectant mothers...
February 2, 2017: Health Communication
Chul-Joo Lee, Rebekah H Nagler, Ningxin Wang
Communication scholars have raised concerns that the media present contradictory or conflicting information on health, science, and political issues, speculating that such information may have adverse effects on public cognitions, affect, and behaviors. However, the evidence base for the effects of contradictory messages remains thin. Using nutrition as a case example, this study builds upon this nascent literature by employing a three-wave panel dataset from a survey with a nationally representative sample of American adults...
February 2, 2017: Health Communication
Niveen AbiGhannam, Lindsay A Chilek, Hyeseung E Koh
Breast cancer advocacy has experienced tremendous success since the 1980s. Yet, the quality and authenticity of breast cancer information in the media are sometimes questionable. Using a content analysis, we examined the informative (donation information, breast cancer advocacy content, etc.) and persuasive (appeals used, cues to action, etc.) contents of magazine advertisements relevant to breast cancer. While ads offered minimal informative content about the disease or about ways by which sales will contribute to the breast cancer cause, they integrated "breast cancer appeals," such as the color pink, the pink ribbon, and mostly positive depictions of survivorship and hope, into the ads...
February 2, 2017: Health Communication
Angela Cooke-Jackson, Valerie Rubinsky
Knapp, Stohl, and Reardon's (1981) seminal work reported that some messages may be "remembered for a long time and have a profound influence on a person's life" (p. 27). While the foundational concepts of this framework have offered a meaningful contribution to memorable messages research, this article seeks to unpack the past three decades of the literature specific to the field of communication. The authors will highlight the trajectory and changes while considering its present use, episodes, and situations that transpire in individual lived experiences...
February 2, 2017: Health Communication
Kyongseok Kim, Hyang-Sook Kim
This study examined the effects of temporal framing used in messages about the future likelihood of developing smoking-related diseases on intention to quit smoking. Based on construal level theory (CLT), a causal model delineating the relationships among four variables-perceived temporal distance, personal relevance, perceived susceptibility, and behavioral intention-was proposed. The model was validated by an online experiment with a sample of 222 current smokers, revealing the effects of perceived temporal distance on behavioral intention via personal relevance and perceived susceptibility...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Ruth Koops van 't Jagt, John C J Hoeks, Evelien Duizer, Melvin Baron, Gregory B Molina, Jennifer B Unger, Carel J M Jansen
Recent studies suggest that health-related fotonovelas-booklets that portray a dramatic story using photographs and captions-may be effective health communication tools, especially for readers with a low level of literacy. In this experiment, effects on knowledge and behavioral intentions were assessed of a fotonovela originally developed for a Latin-American audience. Dutch readers from a low literacy group (N = 89) and a high literacy group (N = 113) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: a fotonovela condition (all captions translated into Dutch), a traditional brochure condition (also in Dutch), and a control condition...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Jill Sonke, Virginia Pesata, Venny Nakazibwe, Jude Ssenyonjo, Robert Lloyd, Danielle Espino, Mia Nieves, Samantha Khandakji, Phillip Hahn, Maria Kerrigan
This qualitative interview study brings the voices of 27 public health leaders, health communication experts, and artists who work in public health in Uganda together to articulate the principles and practices that make the country a shining example of effective, evidence-based use of the arts for health communication. The specific aim of the study was to identify best practices, theoretical foundations, and other factors that contribute to the success of arts-based health communication campaigns in Uganda...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Vivian C Sheer, Chang Mao
To collect in-depth information regarding cigarette initiation interactions in the early smoking experimentation among male youth in China, twenty focus groups with male teenagers (N = 165) were conducted. Focus group discussions indicated a high prevalence of cigarette initiation among peers, and such initiation often translated into immediate smoking. Of the identified cigarette initiation appeals, "face" and normative pressure appeals were the most difficult to reject. Upon first initiation attempts, more teenagers accepted cigarettes than rejected them...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Sakeenah Y Gallardo
This is a poem about surviving familial childhood sexual abuse and the healing I found through the beauty and spiritual growth of motherhood.
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Darlene K Drummond
This is the story of my decision to place my mother in a continuing-care facility. It is interwoven with the experiences of 32 residents of two continuing-care communities. Their stories are presented as a poem, short conversation, and dramatic monologue. The poem describes what it means to be healthy. The short conversation elucidates the decision-making process of a couple and the monologue of a widow or single individual in moving to one of these facilities.
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Sarah De Meulenaer, Patrick De Pelsmacker, Nathalie Dens
The present study aims to explore the relationship between perceived message source (spokesperson) credibility and message compliance in response to a health risk message. Based on an experiment in Ireland (n = 406) and Belgium (n = 410), we test how the relationship between source credibility and message compliance is mediated by perceived threat and efficacy of the message, and moderated by power distance and uncertainty avoidance. A source that is perceived as more credible is found to increase message compliance by increasing both the perceived message threat and efficacy...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
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