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Health Communication

Sojung Claire Kim, Bret R Shaw, Dhavan V Shah, Robert P Hawkins, Suzanne Pingree, Fiona M McTavish, David H Gustafson
This study examined the interplay of depression and different types of e-health interventions on breast cancer patients' perceived healthcare competence, emotional processing, and social well-being over time. The three e-health interventions--Internet Only as a control condition, CHESS (Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System) Only, and CHESS with a Human Mentor, a cancer information specialist--provided varying degrees of interactivity and presence. A total of 328 women with breast cancer participated in one of the three interventions for a 6-month period...
November 14, 2017: Health Communication
Dianne M Garyantes, Priscilla Murphy
This study sought to identify indicators of cultural competence in 670 news stories covering obesity by four urban news organizations: two mainstream newspapers and two ethnic newspapers serving the African-American and Hispanic communities. Through semantic network analysis, the research found that the news organizations converged on five themes: unhealthy lifestyle, food access and education, healthy lifestyle, public policy, and research. Public policy solutions were favored by the mainstream newspapers, while self-efficacy was emphasized in the ethnic papers...
November 14, 2017: Health Communication
Weirui Wang
A content analysis was conducted to compare news coverage of depression in the English- and Spanish-language media in the United States (N = 355). The study revealed that the English-language media reported stereotypes more frequently than the Spanish-language news media. The presence of all four types of stereotypes (i.e., the mentally ill as violent, suicidal, incompetent, and weak) was associated with the increased use of the stigma frame in the English-language news media, while only the violence stereotype was associated with the increased use of the stigma frame in the Spanish-language news media...
November 13, 2017: Health Communication
Helen W Sullivan, Kathryn J Aikin, Jon Poehlman
Direct-to-consumer (DTC) television ads for prescription drugs are required to disclose the product's major risks in the audio or audio and visual parts of the presentation (sometimes referred to as the "major statement"). The objective of this content analysis was to determine how the major statement of risks is presented in DTC television ads, including what risk information is presented, how easy or difficult it is to understand the risk information, and the audio and visual characteristics of the major statement...
November 10, 2017: Health Communication
Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz, Jennifer Stevens Aubrey, Hillary Pennell, Kyung Bo Kim
Health communication strategies to decrease teen pregnancies include the employment of entertainment-education (E-E), which involves embedding health messages in an entertainment media vehicle that is relatable and attractive to the intended audience. MTV's 16 and Pregnant is an example of such an effort as an E-E documentary-style reality show that aimed to reduce the U.S. teen pregnancy rate. A pretest-posttest experiment was conducted with 147 adolescent girls (ages 14-18) to investigate the effectiveness of 16 and Pregnant on beliefs, attitudes, and intentions to avoid teen pregnancy...
November 10, 2017: Health Communication
Anna M Kerr, Nancy Grant Harrington, Allison M Scott
Individuals with chronic illnesses must manage long-term uncertainty as they cope with the ways the illness influences their lives. In the context of pediatric illnesses, parents must manage uncertainty during the diagnosis and treatment of their child's illness. It is common for children with complex chronic illnesses to see multiple specialists for the treatment of their condition. While previous research has explored parents' uncertainty during a child's diagnosis and during end-of-life care, less is known about these experiences when the child is referred to a team of specialists for treatment...
November 9, 2017: Health Communication
Jillian Klean Zwilling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Health Communication
Kristina M Scharp, Elizabeth Dorrance Hall
Approximately 4.8 million undergraduate students are also raising at least one child but only 26% of these student parents will graduate within six years. This study aimed to examine how academic and parenting stress influence the relationship between support-seeking factors (i.e., the costs of seeking support and communicated support availability) and somatic health symptoms such as headaches, sleep disruption, and exercise. Two parallel mediation models (n = 185 undergraduate student parents) are compared and revealed strong patterns of indirect effects...
October 30, 2017: Health Communication
Stephanie K Van Stee, Qinghua Yang
This study applied the comprehensive model of information seeking (CMIS) to online cancer information and extended the model by incorporating an exogenous variable: interest in online health information exchange with health providers. A nationally representative sample from the Health Information National Trends Survey 4 Cycle 4 was analyzed to examine the extended CMIS in predicting online cancer information seeking. Findings from a structural equation model supported most of the hypotheses derived from the CMIS, as well as the extension of the model related to interest in online health information exchange...
October 30, 2017: Health Communication
Katherine A Rafferty, Kara Hutton, Sarah Heller
Parents have a significant role in the management of a child's chronic condition. Parents are often the only consistent individuals managing a child's health across his or her childhood and adolescence (e.g., present for all appointments and medical procedures). Many of the responsibilities required of parents involve communication work, where parents must strategically and actively design messages as they interact with medical professionals, other family, and friends. Using communication privacy management theory, we analyzed interviews conducted with 35 parents to understand the motivations and strategies involved in their regulation of information about their child's chronic condition...
October 26, 2017: Health Communication
Kaylee M Lukacena, Tobias Reynolds-Tylus, Brian L Quick
The high prevalence of sexual assault in US college campuses has led to a widespread implementation of bystander intervention programs aimed at preventing sexual assault. The current study examines predictors of college students' intentions to engage in bystander intervention through the theoretical lens of the reasoned action approach. An online survey with college students (N = 186) was conducted at a large Midwestern university. Our results indicated experiential attitudes, instrumental attitudes, descriptive norms, autonomy, and capacity, each positively associated with participants' intentions to intervene to stop a sexual assault...
October 25, 2017: Health Communication
Rachel A Smith, Erina L MacGeorge, Nicole M Hackman, Nkuchia M M'ikanatha
The evolution of antibiotic resistance is outpacing the speed at which new antibiotics will reach the marketplace. To slow the rate of resistance, people need to engage in antibiotic stewardship, which includes acts to prevent the spread of bacteria and judicious use of antibiotics to treat infections. This study identified the patterns and predictors of antibiotic stewardship behaviors of parents (N = 516) related to their children. The latent class analysis revealed three profiles of parental stewardship, labeled Stewards, Requesters, and Non-Stewards...
October 25, 2017: Health Communication
Diana J Burgess, Barbara G Bokhour, Brooke A Cunningham, Tam Do, Howard S Gordon, Dina M Jones, Charlene Pope, Somnath Saha, Sarah E Gollust
We used qualitative methods (semi-structured interviews with healthcare providers) to explore: 1) the role of narratives as a vehicle for raising awareness and engaging providers about the issue of healthcare disparities and 2) the extent to which different ways of framing issues of race within narratives might lead to message acceptance for providers' whose preexisting beliefs about causal attributions might predispose them to resist communication about racial healthcare disparities. Individual interviews were conducted with 53 providers who had completed a prior survey assessing beliefs about disparities...
October 25, 2017: Health Communication
John Leustek, Jennifer A Theiss
For individuals with a chronic illness, such as type 2 diabetes, a multitude of factors may influence the ways people cope with their condition. This study compares characteristics of the illness and characteristics of a patient's romantic relationship as factors that predict coping behaviors for individuals with type 2 diabetes. Specifically, we identify illness uncertainty as a feature of chronic illness, as well as relational uncertainty and interference from partners as relationship characteristics that are associated with coping behaviors...
October 25, 2017: Health Communication
Maria R Dahm, Andrew Georgiou, Susan Balandin, Sophie Hill, Bronwyn Hemsley
People with intellectual and/or developmental disability (I/DD) commonly have complex health care needs, but little is known about how their health information is managed in supported accommodation, and across health services providers. This study aimed to describe the current health information infrastructure (i.e., how data and information are collected, stored, communicated, and used) for people with I/DD living in supported accommodation in Australia. It involved a scoping review and synthesis of research, policies, and health documents relevant in this setting...
October 25, 2017: Health Communication
Orit Karnieli-Miller, Keren Michael, Oz Segal, Aharon Steinberger
Teaching and applying interpersonal communication skills (ICS) and humor in medicine is challenging. The present study assessed an innovative course focused on enhancing ICS and humor based on the Four Habits Model and theater concepts. Medical students enrolled in the course (the study group) were assessed pre- and post-intervention, as well as compared with their peers (the control group) using quantitative methods to measure attitudes, self-efficacy, and behaviors. Qualitative methods were used to learn about students' change in perceptions related to ICS and humor following the course, as well as their experiences of developing these skills during the course...
October 23, 2017: Health Communication
Celine Klemm, Tilo Hartmann, Enny Das
This study examined the veracity of the common assumption that news coverage of epidemic outbreaks spawns heightened fears and risk perceptions. An online experiment with 1,324 participants investigated the interplay of the form of news coverage (factual/emotion-laden) and key aspects of actual risk (low/high vulnerability, low/high severity) on audience responses. Participants read one of eight versions of a newspaper article followed by measures on risk perceptions, negative affect, behavioral intentions, and perceived sensationalism...
October 23, 2017: Health Communication
Denise D Payán, Karen R Flórez, Laura M Bogart, David E Kanouse, Michael A Mata, Clyde W Oden, Kathryn P Derose
Embedding health messages into sermons is a potentially valuable strategy to address HIV and other health disparities in churches that predominantly serve racial and ethnic minorities. This study explores implementation of an HIV sermon as part of a multi-component intervention in three churches (Latino Catholic, Latino Pentecostal, and African American Baptist) in high HIV prevalence areas of Los Angeles County, California. Clergy were given an HIV sermon guide that included local public health data, stigma reduction cues, HIV testing messages, and a sample sermon...
October 20, 2017: Health Communication
Chris Segrin
The social skills deficit vulnerability model predicts that people with inadequate social skills are at risk for a range of psychosocial problems, especially when confronted with stress. People with poor social skills often experience stress and loneliness and these two constructs were tested as potential pathways by which the poor social skills confer a risk for compromised mental and physical health. An online survey was completed by 775 adults, aged 18-91. The sample matched national demographics for race/ethnicity and age, among those over 18...
October 20, 2017: Health Communication
Danielle J Brick, Karen A Scherr, Peter A Ubel
Previous research has suggested that fear of harm to the patient-physician relationship is an important barrier to conversations about cost of care. However, few experimental studies have investigated the effects of cost of care conversations on the patient-physician relationship, particularly from the patient's perspective. In the current research, we take an experimental approach to investigate patients' attitudes and preferences for a hypothetical physician who discusses cost versus one who does not. Across three studies, using data from both the general population and cancer patients, we find that people prefer a hypothetical physician who discusses cost over one who does not (Pilot Study, Studies 1 and 2)...
October 20, 2017: Health Communication
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