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Health Communication

Benjamin W Mann
While previous studies in health communication have examined online news media regarding autism, there is a lack of research that critically examines how such media representations may stigmatize autism and seeks to eliminate the condition, particularly in the context of the resurging measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine-autism controversy. To address this gap in the literature, this study analyzes 153 articles that engage the MMR vaccine-autism controversy from the top 10 online news sources in the U...
March 9, 2018: Health Communication
Jiawei Liu, Rachel L Bailey
This study examined how the presence of substance cues interacted with arousing content level in public service announcements (PSAs) to affect human motivational activation, and as a result, affect cognitive information processing. A 2 (arousing content level: high vs. low arousing content fear appeal PSAs) × 2 (substance cue: absence vs. presence) × 4 (repetition) within-subject factorial design experiment was conducted. Overall, the results indicated that the presence of substance cues in high arousing content fear appeal messages elicited defensive processing, yielding poor audio recognition memory sensitivity and a more conservative criterion bias...
March 9, 2018: Health Communication
Evgeniya Boklage, Markus Lehmkuhl
The present study explores the coverage of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and its associated risks in the German press between 1993 and 2013. Using quantitative content analysis, we explored the corpus of newspaper articles to evaluate the quality of risk reporting. Our findings show an overall increase in the quality of risk-related information: articles contain more substantiating statements describing objectively cognizable phenomena with absolute numbers, prevalences, estimations, and tendencies over time...
March 9, 2018: Health Communication
Heewon Im, Jisu Huh
One of the most frequent and strong arguments for supporting direct-to-consumer prescription drug advertising (DTCA) as a positive influence on individuals and society is that DTCA could contribute to improving patients' medication adherence, but systematic empirical research testing this proposed effect is scant. To address this gap and provide an answer to the unresolved question about DTCA effects, this study examined the relationship between overall DTCA exposure and patients' medication adherence through the mechanism of media priming effect increasing medication-related belief accessibility...
March 9, 2018: Health Communication
Lauren Perez, Lynsey K Romo, Trevor Bell
Parents of children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) face uncertainty about the illness. This uncertainty can have negative health consequences for parents and their children. However, little is known about the types of uncertainty associated with T1D diagnosis and subsequent treatment and how this uncertainty is managed. Using uncertainty management theory (UMT) as a framework and 29 in-depth interviews with parents of children with T1D, this study found that parents experienced medical, social, and financial forms of uncertainty...
March 9, 2018: Health Communication
Elizabeth A Johnson-Young
Breastfeeding is one of the top maternal priorities for many organizations, including the World Health Organization (WHO), The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the Center for Disease Control (CDC). Focusing on the goals of Healthy People 2020, as well as the recommendations of other organizations, this paper investigates the impacts on women's intentions to breastfeed newborns for 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year. This research used the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a model to predict intentions for each duration of time...
February 27, 2018: Health Communication
Huan Chen, Earlesha Butler, Yi Guo, Thomas George, François Modave, Matthew Gurka, Jiang Bian
A qualitative study was conducted to examine physicians' perception on best practice alerts (BPAs) usage under the theoretical framework of technology acceptance model (TAM). In particular, 20 face-to-face in-depth interviews were conducted from September 2016 to February 2017 to collect data. Four themes emerged from the current set of data: support, de-escalation, management, and enhancement are physicians' perceived motivations of using BPAs; interactivity, timing, and interface design are key factors that influence physicians' perceived experiences of using BPAs; alert fatigue and inaccurate alters are major challenges and issues faced by physicians when using BPAs; and, control and team approach are physicians' perceptions on the future improvement of BPAs...
February 27, 2018: Health Communication
Christine S Davis, Meghan J Snider, Lynná King, Allison Shukraft, James D Sonda, Laurie Hicks, Lauren Irvin
The death of a child creates especially poignant feelings and extreme stress, distress, and devastation for family members and healthcare providers. In addition, serious or long-term illness forces a reconstruction of our experiences with time and space. In this paper, we report on a long-term ethnographic study of a Pediatric Palliative Care Team (PPCT). Using the concepts of spatiality and temporality; Deleuze's concepts of smooth and striated spaces; Innis's concepts of space and time biases; Foucault's concept of heterotopian space-places with multiple layers of meaning; and a related concept of heterokairoi-moments in time with multiple possibilities-we consider how the PPCT constructs and reconstructs meaning in the midst of chaos, ethical dilemmas, and heartbreaking choices...
February 27, 2018: Health Communication
Jeff Niederdeppe, Nancy A Connelly, T Bruce Lauber, Barbara A Knuth
Women of childbearing age (WCBA) can attain health benefits of fish consumption while minimizing risks by following state and federal fish consumption guidelines, but many women avoid fish out of concerns about mercury exposure. This study tested the impact of brochures, informed by communication theory and research, to promote healthy fish consumption among licensed female anglers. We conducted a randomized, two-wave longitudinal experiment between May 2014 and September 2015 among 1,135 women ages 18-48 years (at baseline), drawn from a sample of licensed anglers in the Great Lakes region of the United States...
February 26, 2018: Health Communication
Nicole Hudak, Benjamin R Bates
LGBQ+ individuals experience worse health outcomes than do other individuals. Some communication research finds that LGBQ+ individuals report receiving poor care during the mid- to post-health care, but this research assumes that LGBQ+ individuals have already received care. Little research has examined the pre- to early encounter experience of LGBQ+ individuals. This study presents exploratory research into how LGBQ+ individuals seek "queer-friendly" health care during pre- and early encounter experiences...
February 26, 2018: Health Communication
Danielle K Kilgo, Joseph Yoo, Thomas J Johnson
During times of hot crises, traditional news organizations have historically contributed to public fear and panic by emphasizing risks and uncertainties. The degree to which digital and social media platforms contribute to this panic is essential to consider in the new media landscape. This research examines news coverage of the 2014 Ebola crisis, exploring differences in presentation between newspaper coverage and news shared on the social news platform Reddit. Results suggest that news shared on Reddit amplified panic and uncertainty surrounding Ebola, while traditional newspaper coverage was significantly less likely to produce panic-inducing coverage...
February 23, 2018: Health Communication
Katherine A Foss, Ken Blake
While it has been well established that breastfeeding provides the best nourishment for children, few women achieve the recommended breastfeeding duration. Negative media messages have been identified as one explanation for the lack of individual and public support for breastfeeding. This study explored the influence of media on the knowledge and attitudes of a nearly childless population to ascertain if and how entertainment media can positively impact perceptions of breastfeeding. Using cultivation and parasocial interaction, this research measured entertainment television's effect on breastfeeding attitudes using randomized-group experiments involving 375 students...
February 23, 2018: Health Communication
Kate Magsamen-Conrad, Jeanette M Dillon, China Billotte Verhoff, Sandra L Faulkner
There are myriad technological devices, computer programs, and online information sources available for people to manage their health and the health of others. However, people must be technologically and health literate and capable of accessing, analyzing, and sharing the information they encounter. The authors interviewed middle-aged and older adults about their online health information seeking behavior and discovered that technology and health literacy are influenced by a collective ability to manage the health and technological needs of a family...
February 23, 2018: Health Communication
Samantha J Stanley, Margaret Jane Pitts
While cigarette smoking is decreasing among young adults, rates of nicotine consumption through other devices, most notably electronic cigarettes, are on the rise. Framed by communication theory of identity, this study examines young adult smokers' experiences with relational others in regard to their smoking. Focus group discussions and individual interviews convened with 20 young adult cigarette and electronic cigarette smokers revealed identity gaps implicating the relational layer of identity, including personal-relational, enacted-relational, and personal-enacted-relational identity gaps...
February 22, 2018: Health Communication
Patricia Thille
In many wealthy countries, fatness is stigmatized as a sign of personal failure. Health care interactions can enact fat-related stigmatization, which can worsen health outcomes. The present analysis highlights how stigmatizing discourses about fat bodies emerge in primary care appointments, and examines immediate conversational effects. METHODS: Observational study in three primary care clinics in Canada, using conversation and discourse analytic methods on transcripts of 29 audio-recorded appointments with adults...
February 21, 2018: Health Communication
Kallia O Wright
In this essay, the author reflects on how biomedical and gendered perceptions of reproductive health can impact an illness experience. Using a narrative lens, she relays the frustration of attempting to have her excessive menstrual pain legitimated and treated when loved ones and medical professionals trivialized it and refused to let her take on the sick role. She recounts incidents that demonstrate the embedded and limiting persistence of gendered perceptions of pain. In the end, she argues that only through strong patient self-advocacy and knowledge can one rewrite the social scripts assigned to how women cope with menstrual pain...
February 21, 2018: Health Communication
Brianna Wilson, Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick, Melissa J Robinson
Hypotheses on how selective viewing of mediated images may sustain eating habits and aid healthier eating were derived from the Selective Exposure Self- and Affect Management model. The model posits that individuals select to view media to manage their self-concepts-and that this exposure affects subsequent intentions and behaviors. Participants (N = 265) selectively viewed Instagram-like postings featuring healthy or unhealthy food imagery. Beforehand, participants reported habits and perceived expert recommendations regarding food intake...
February 20, 2018: Health Communication
Spencer J Smith
A survivor of a traumatic brain injury makes sense of his injury and reflects on the unique individuality of injury.
February 20, 2018: Health Communication
Jiyoung Lee
Mental illness such as depression, stress, and anxiety disorder is prevalent in our everyday lives. Yet, little is known about how health-related variables operate in the mental illness context. Centering on health consciousness, this study systematically examines how health consciousness affects information seeking and whether negative emotions and efficacy intervene in the relationship in mental illness. The results of the survey (N = 614) suggest that health consciousness relates to fear, anxiety, self-efficacy, and response efficacy but does not relate to information seeking...
February 20, 2018: Health Communication
Colin Hesse, Emily A Rauscher
The current article combines the literature on doctor-patient communication and affectionate communication. Using Affection Exchange Theory (AET), the study predicts that the need for affection and the benefits of affectionate communication translate to the doctor-patient setting, proposing a series of relationships from both perceived doctor affectionate communication and affection deprivation to several patient outcome variables (patient perception of the doctor, patient communication with the doctor, and patient satisfaction/adherence)...
February 20, 2018: Health Communication
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