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Health Communication

Kyongseok Kim, Hyang-Sook Kim
This study examined the effects of temporal framing used in messages about the future likelihood of developing smoking-related diseases on intention to quit smoking. Based on construal level theory (CLT), a causal model delineating the relationships among four variables-perceived temporal distance, personal relevance, perceived susceptibility, and behavioral intention-was proposed. The model was validated by an online experiment with a sample of 222 current smokers, revealing the effects of perceived temporal distance on behavioral intention via personal relevance and perceived susceptibility...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Ruth Koops van 't Jagt, John C J Hoeks, Evelien Duizer, Melvin Baron, Gregory B Molina, Jennifer B Unger, Carel J M Jansen
Recent studies suggest that health-related fotonovelas-booklets that portray a dramatic story using photographs and captions-may be effective health communication tools, especially for readers with a low level of literacy. In this experiment, effects on knowledge and behavioral intentions were assessed of a fotonovela originally developed for a Latin-American audience. Dutch readers from a low literacy group (N = 89) and a high literacy group (N = 113) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: a fotonovela condition (all captions translated into Dutch), a traditional brochure condition (also in Dutch), and a control condition...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Jill Sonke, Virginia Pesata, Venny Nakazibwe, Jude Ssenyonjo, Robert Lloyd, Danielle Espino, Mia Nieves, Samantha Khandakji, Phillip Hahn, Maria Kerrigan
This qualitative interview study brings the voices of 27 public health leaders, health communication experts, and artists who work in public health in Uganda together to articulate the principles and practices that make the country a shining example of effective, evidence-based use of the arts for health communication. The specific aim of the study was to identify best practices, theoretical foundations, and other factors that contribute to the success of arts-based health communication campaigns in Uganda...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Vivian C Sheer, Chang Mao
To collect in-depth information regarding cigarette initiation interactions in the early smoking experimentation among male youth in China, twenty focus groups with male teenagers (N = 165) were conducted. Focus group discussions indicated a high prevalence of cigarette initiation among peers, and such initiation often translated into immediate smoking. Of the identified cigarette initiation appeals, "face" and normative pressure appeals were the most difficult to reject. Upon first initiation attempts, more teenagers accepted cigarettes than rejected them...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Sakeenah Y Gallardo
This is a poem about surviving familial childhood sexual abuse and the healing I found through the beauty and spiritual growth of motherhood.
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Darlene K Drummond
This is the story of my decision to place my mother in a continuing-care facility. It is interwoven with the experiences of 32 residents of two continuing-care communities. Their stories are presented as a poem, short conversation, and dramatic monologue. The poem describes what it means to be healthy. The short conversation elucidates the decision-making process of a couple and the monologue of a widow or single individual in moving to one of these facilities.
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Sarah De Meulenaer, Patrick De Pelsmacker, Nathalie Dens
The present study aims to explore the relationship between perceived message source (spokesperson) credibility and message compliance in response to a health risk message. Based on an experiment in Ireland (n = 406) and Belgium (n = 410), we test how the relationship between source credibility and message compliance is mediated by perceived threat and efficacy of the message, and moderated by power distance and uncertainty avoidance. A source that is perceived as more credible is found to increase message compliance by increasing both the perceived message threat and efficacy...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Brian L Quick, Nicole R LaVoie, Tobias Reynolds-Tylus, Andrea Martinez-Gonzalez, Chris Skurka
This investigation sought to advance the extended parallel process model in important ways by testing associations among the strengths of efficacy and threat appeals with fear as well as two outcomes of fear-control processing, psychological reactance and message minimization. Within the context of print ads admonishing against noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and the fictitious Trepidosis virus, partial support was found for the additive model with no support for the multiplicative model. High efficacy appeals mitigated freedom threat perceptions across both contexts...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
Amber K Worthington, Roxanne L Parrott, Rachel A Smith
A growing number of genetic tests are included in diagnostic protocols associated with many common conditions. A positive diagnosis associated with the presence of some gene versions in many instances predicts a range of possible outcomes, and the uncertainty linked to such results contributes to the need to understand varied responses and plan strategic communication. Uncertainty in illness theory (UIT; Mishel, 1988, 1990) guided the investigation of efforts to feel in control and hopeful regarding genetic testing and diagnosis for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD)...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
Elisabeth Bigsby, Shelly R Hovick
This study examined proposed direct and mediating relationships in the Structural Influence Model (SIM) of Communication within the chronic disease context. Using data from the Annenberg National Health Communication Survey (N = 14,472), we tested the potential mediating roles of information seeking, information scanning, and social capital between social determinants of health and four chronic disease risk behaviors: exercise level, fruit and vegetable intake, cigarette smoking, and excessive alcohol use...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
Ashley Barrett, Melissa Murphy, Kate Blackburn
This study investigates playing hooky in higher education classrooms and associates this behavior with students' communicative dispositions, instructor perceptions, and language use. We define "playing hooky" as students skipping class and explaining their absence to their instructor with deceptive health messages. The purpose of Study 1, an online survey (N = 177), is to further understand the characteristics of students who engage in this type of deceptive health communication. Study 1 measures communication apprehension and perceived instructor credibility in students who had played hooky from class and those who had not...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
Kang Namkoong, Seungahn Nah, Stephanie K Van Stee, Rachael A Record
This study examined the effects of an anti-smoking campaign that employs a crowdsourcing method with a social networking service. Drawing upon social capital scholarship and the expression effect research paradigm in eHealth systems, the study also investigated the roles of social trust and community life satisfaction in the social media campaign that has a specific geographical boundary. To that end, we conducted an experiment using a two-group pretest-posttest design. We randomly assigned 201 participants to two conditions: "campaign message reception only" as a control group and "message reception and expression" as a treatment group in which participants fully engaged in the campaign process by sharing their own campaign ideas with other participants...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
Marcela A Penţa, Adriana Băban
Suboptimal vaccination rates are a significant problem in many countries today, in spite of improved access to vaccine services. As a result, there has been a recent expansion of research on how best to communicate about vaccines. The purpose of the present article is to provide an updated review of published, peer-reviewed empirical studies that examined the effectiveness of gain versus loss framing (i.e., goal framing) in the context of vaccine communication. To locate studies, we examined the reference list from the previous meta-analytic review (O'Keefe & Nan, 2012), and we conducted systematic searches across multiple databases...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
Kevin Wombacher, Jenna E Reno, Gregory A Williams, Lauren Johnson
This study offers an analysis of how healthy and risky behaviors are discussed on an emerging social media platform. We sought to understand what behaviors are communicated and if they are encouraged or discouraged. We completed a content analysis of messages (n = 3,776) posted to Yik Yak captured three times a day on 4 days of the week across two separate weeks. We analyzed messages to determine the category of the behavior, an appraisal of the behavior, and normative voting feedback. Our results show that risky behaviors were discussed with greater frequency and received more user votes than healthy behaviors...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
Otto Wahl, Michael Reiss, Corrie A Thompson
Psychotherapy is commonly depicted in films. Films, then, help to inform the public about the nature of psychotherapy and psychotherapists. Although much has been written about the portrayal of psychotherapy in films, there has been little empirical investigation of films from the 21st century. The current study provides a systematic investigation of the portrayal of therapists and therapy in films released between 2000 and 2013. Trained volunteers coded films with characters identified as psychotherapists...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
Joachim Gerich, Robert Moosbrugger
A recently published study introduced a new instrument (HLS-EU) for the measurement of health literacy (HL) and comparative data at population level for this measure across eight European Union (EU) countries, and revealed significant differences in HL at population level. The HLS-EU instrument consists of items that aim to assess respondents' estimation of difficulties regarding different health-related tasks, and it is therefore a measure of subjective HL. With help of a two-step approach, the present study, which was conducted in Austria, aimed to investigate individual experiences and factors that are associated with high or low values of subjective HL as measured by the HLS-EU scale...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
Caroline D Bergeron, DeAnne K Hilfinger Messias, Daniela B Friedman, S Melinda Spencer, Susan C Miller
This exploratory, descriptive study examined involvement of family members and professionals in older women's post-fall decision making. We conducted semistructured interviews with 17 older women who had recently fallen and 11 individuals these women identified as being engaged in their post-fall decision-making processes. Qualitative data analysis involved open and axial coding and development of themes. After experiencing a fall, these older women's openness to others' opinions and advice; their assessments of types and credibility of potential information sources; and the communication practices they established with these sources influenced how they accessed, accepted, or rejected information from family members and professionals...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
Virginia Ramseyer Winter, Meghan M Gillen, Andrea K Kennedy
Communicating about sex with potential or current sex partners can lead to many positive outcomes, including fewer unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections. Although body image is related to many sexual health behaviors, the association between positive body image and comfort communicating about sex is underexplored. The purpose of the current study is to better understand this relationship among a sample of 399 18- to 25-year-old college women. Results suggest that positive body image, measured by body appreciation, is related to greater comfort communicating about sex with a current sex partner, even after accounting for body mass index (BMI)...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
Shana D Stites, Rebecca Johnson, Kristin Harkins, Pamela Sankar, Dawei Xie, Jason Karlawish
The general public's views can influence whether people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) experience stigma. The purpose of this study was to understand what characteristics in the general public are associated with stigmatizing attributions. A random sample of adults from the general population read a vignette about a man with mild Alzheimer's disease dementia and completed a modified Family Stigma in Alzheimer's Disease Scale (FS-ADS). Multivariable ordered logistic regressions were used to examine relationships between personal characteristics and FS-ADS ratings...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
Leigh A Willis, Rachel Kachur, Ted J Castellanos, Kristen Nichols, Maria C B Mendoza, Zaneta J Gaul, Pilgrim Spikes, Ashley C Gamayo, Marcus D Durham, Lisa LaPlace, Julie Straw, Colleen Staatz, Hadiza Buge, Matthew Hogben, Susan Robinson, John Brooks, Madeline Y Sutton
In the United States, young people (ages 15-24 years) are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), due at least in part to inadequate or incorrect HIV/STD-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behavioral intentions (KABI). Comic book narratives are a proven method of HIV/STD prevention communication to strengthen KABI for HIV/STD prevention. Motion comics, a new type of comic media, are an engaging and low-cost means of narrative storytelling...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
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