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Health Communication

Rhyan N Vereen, J Lee Westmaas, Jeuneviette Bontemps-Jones, Kelsi Jackson, Kassandra I Alcaraz
Smoking behavior may be influenced by perceived trust of information from tobacco and e-cigarette companies about their products. The purpose of this study was to identify sociodemographic subgroups with more trust in tobacco product (tobacco and e-cigarette) companies than health professionals and explore associations between this relative trust and tobacco product use. Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS 4, FDA Cycle) data were analyzed (N = 3,738). Two relative trust measures were developed identifying respondents who trust tobacco companies or e-cigarette companies as much as or more than health professionals for information about the health effects of tobacco products or e-cigarettes versus those who place more trust in health professionals...
November 13, 2018: Health Communication
Jill Yamasaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2018: Health Communication
Minsung Sohn, Minsoo Jung
This study explored the socio-contextual characteristics of adolescents that led them to have increased cigarette cravings when exposed to smoking scenes in films. We analyzed online survey data collected from a representative sample of 955 Korean adolescents. Our dependent variable was change in cigarette cravings after watching a smoking scene; independent variables included sex, age, school type, allowance, smoking experience, and parental smoking. We used paired t-tests to identify the differences in cigarette cravings modified by individual characteristics, and we performed logistic regression to explore the influences on these changes in cravings...
November 11, 2018: Health Communication
Lori A Roscoe, Philip Barrison
This study explored the perceived goals, barriers, and strategies that characterize family interactions about advance care planning (ACP), which is instrumental in guiding end-of-life care. Discussions within the family context can significantly improve end-of-life decision making but are complicated, partly because participants are attempting to achieve multiple, and often competing, goals. Participants (n = 75) responded to a hypothetical scenario about a conversation with a parent about ACP by completing an anonymous online survey...
October 30, 2018: Health Communication
Hye-Jin Paek, Hyunmi Baek, Saerom Lee, Thomas Hove
This study examines multiple aspects of e-cigarette mentions on different online media channels during the announcement and implementation of a cigarette tax increase policy in South Korea. It consists of three parts. First, a Naive Bayes classifier was used to sort 59,147 tweets about e-cigarettes into five pre-designated themes - promotion, health, policy, product evaluation, and price - and to determine their relative prevalence. Second, social network analysis was used to identify the themes' dissemination patterns...
October 29, 2018: Health Communication
Miao Liu, Yiqing Yang, Ye Sun
This study investigated the determinants of health information sharing behaviors of Chinese older adults living in rural areas. Drawing upon a widely used categorization of social support, we tested the effect of social embeddedness and perceived social support on health information sharing behavior, which is conceptualized as a type of enacted social support-informational support. Data were collected between June and August 2014 from 387 older Chinese adults aged 60-79 years in Linxi County of northern China...
October 26, 2018: Health Communication
Yotam Ophir, Kathleen Hall Jamieson
This study assessed the effects of the February through September 2016 American news media's coverage of Zika Virus (ZIKV) risk on the U.S. public's familiarity, knowledge and behavior in the form of interpersonal discussions. A content analysis (N = 2,782 pieces) revealed that the Rio Olympic Games elicited a spike in coverage of Zika. We also found that newsworthy and easy- to- depict aspects of the disease, specifically its transmission by mosquitoes and its relation to microcephaly were covered more extensively than its sexual transmission and transmissibility from an infected person who is asymptomatic...
October 25, 2018: Health Communication
YoungJu Shin, Yu Lu, Jonathan Pettigrew
According to parent-offspring drug talk (PODT) model, the specificity of drug talk styles is identified by the timing and directness of communication about substance use between parent and adolescent (e.g., situated direct, ongoing direct, situated indirect, and ongoing indirect talk style). Given the limitation of the original, single item measure for drug talk styles with a categorical response option, the current study proposed a new scale of drug talk styles and tested its concurrent validity. Using cross-sectional survey data (N = 2,035), confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to test the factor structure of the scale...
October 25, 2018: Health Communication
Jennifer Jerit, Yangzi Zhao, Megan Tan, Munifa Wheeler
Do national and local papers report on health threats in the same way? This question is investigated in an important and increasingly common context: the outbreak of an infectious disease. Although there is a large literature on how to measure the quality of health reporting, scant attention has been devoted to the role of audience considerations. We address this gap by comparing coverage of the 2016 Zika outbreak in the New York Times, a prestigious national newspaper, and the Tampa Bay Times, a well-regarded Florida newspaper...
October 25, 2018: Health Communication
Yan Tian, Jina H Yoo
This study investigates the relationship between medical drama viewing and medical trust, applying the cultivation theory and using a moderated mediation approach. A multigroup Structural Equation Modeling analysis of survey data on 983 U.S. adults indicates that exposure to medical dramas is positively associated with perceived realism of medical dramas, which in turn is positively associated with trust in physicians in medical dramas, and this trust in physicians in medical dramas is positively associated with trust in physicians in the real world...
October 25, 2018: Health Communication
Maria D Molina, S Shyam Sundar
Can workout apps actually motivate users to sustain an exercise routine? If so, what are the key characteristics of these apps that engage long-term users? We conducted a content analysis to find out. Guided by the Motivational Technology Model and Self-Determination Theory, we explored the relationship between technological affordances of BodySpace, a highly ranked body building and weightlifting app, and behavioral outcomes (number of workouts tracked, weight lifted, and cardio hours) and goal attainment rate (percentage of body fat and weight goal achieved)...
October 25, 2018: Health Communication
Kevin Real, Joshua Santiago, Lindsey Fay, Kathy Isaacs, Allison Carll-White
This pre-post multi-method study explored how nurses made sense of changes in nurse station design and how they characterized communication processes within a hospital unit before and after it moved from an existing hospital into a newly designed trauma-1 level hospital. Quantitative observations (116 h) of real-time communication were gathered in both hospitals. Additionally, 41 nursing staff (nurses, nursing care technicians, nurse managers) participated in a qualitative study. Three months before moving, four focus groups were conducted with 16 nursing professionals working in traditional centralized nurse station units...
October 25, 2018: Health Communication
Julie E Volkman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2018: Health Communication
Olivia Hirschey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2018: Health Communication
Lianshan Zhang, Eun Hwa Jung
As one of the largest mobile social media in the world, WeChat holds great potential for promoting health. Users not only seek and exchange health information on WeChat but also fulfill their health-related needs afforded by the platform. Using the two-step procedure common in uses and gratifications research, in-depth interviews were conducted with 18 WeChat users to explore their motivations for health-related uses on the platform, which were further rated by 522 WeChat users in China through a national wide online survey...
October 25, 2018: Health Communication
Whittney H Darnell, Alison N Buckley, Allison M Gordon
Approximately 10%-25% of adolescent pregnancies end in miscarriage, yet we know little about the experience of miscarriage among women in this age group. To better understand the medical and psychosocial challenges faced by adolescent women who experience a miscarriage, we conducted interviews with 31 college-aged women who had experienced a miscarriage between the ages of 15 and 19. We analyzed interview transcripts using qualitative descriptive analysis and found that adolescent women experience various medical (e...
October 25, 2018: Health Communication
Kevin Bowles, Harjit S Sehgal, Lynn Santelmann, Edward P Pham, Richie Kohli
It is very crucial that dental students who comprise our future dental workforce are adequately trained in communication skills. This training is especially important because of the increasing population of English as Second Language (ESL) patients in our community health centers, dental offices, and dental schools. The objective of this exploratory pilot study was to analyze dental student conversations about patient treatment plans to native English and ESL patients. The study recruited four dental students who spoke English as their first language and four patients, two with English as their native language and two with English as their second language from Oregon Health & Science University School of Dentistry...
October 25, 2018: Health Communication
Stephen A Rains
Contemporary research on health communication has been marked by the presence of big data and computational social science (CSS) techniques. The relative novelty of these approaches makes it worthwhile to consider their status and potential for advancing health communication scholarship. This essay offers an introduction focusing on how big data and CSS techniques are being employed to study health communication and their utility for theory development. Key trends in this body of research are summarized, including the use of big data and CSS for examining public perceptions of health conditions or events, investigating network-related dimensions of health phenomena, and illness monitoring...
October 23, 2018: Health Communication
Nicole Kashian, Susan Jacobson
This study examines the factors of online engagement, and the relationship between online engagement and health expectations in a Stage IV breast cancer Facebook group. Members of the Facebook group completed a survey that assessed tie strength, homophily, and health expectations. A content analysis measured optimal social support, and Facebook analytics measured engagement. The results show optimal social support and tie strength are positively related to engagement. However, only optimal social support explains variance in engagement independent of tie strength and homophily...
October 23, 2018: Health Communication
Grace Ellen Brannon, Emily A Rauscher
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are among the most common infectious diseases in the United States with nearly 20 million new cases diagnosed each year in young adults (age 15-24). Communicating with romantic partners about STIs can positively influence health outcomes, as treatment can then be sought, yet the discussions themselves can pose several face risks to both the person requesting STI information from a partner and the receiver of that request. This study examines how young adults enact and manage facework strategies in STI-related conversations with romantic partners, using Politeness Theory and Communication Privacy Management Theory as theoretical frameworks...
October 23, 2018: Health Communication
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