journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16297988/postnatal-development-of-gfap-connexin43-and-connexin30-in-cat-visual-cortex
#1
COMPARATIVE STUDY
N Rochefort, N Quenech'du, P Ezan, C Giaume, C Milleret
In cat visual cortex, neurons acquire progressively mature functional properties during the first postnatal months. The aim of this study was to analyze the development of astrocytes during this period. The patterns of expression of the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) as well as of two gap junction proteins expressed in astrocytes, connexin43 (Cx43) and connexin30 (Cx30), were investigated by immunohistochemistry and optical density measurements, in visual cortical areas 17 and 18 at four different ages: 2 weeks (postnatal days 12 to 15, P12-15), 1 month (P27-31), 2 months (P60-62) and beyond 1 year...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16297450/expression-of-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-b-receptor-subunits-in-hypothalamus-of-male-and-female-developing-rats
#2
COMPARATIVE STUDY
María S Bianchi, Victoria A Lux-Lantos, Bernhard Bettler, Carlos Libertun
GABA and its receptors show particular ontogenic distributions in different rat brain areas. Recently, GABAB receptors (GBR) have been described to assemble as heterodimers formed by a GBR1a/b and a GBR2 subunit. Here, the ontogeny of rat GBRs and the pattern of subunit expression in both sexes were determined in the hypothalamus, a critical area for homeostatic regulation. Male and female rats were sacrificed at 1, 4, 12, 20, 28, 38 days of life and at adulthood and hypothalami were removed and frozen. Western blots analysis for GBR1 and GBR2 subunits showed that both were expressed in male and female hypothalamic membranes from day 1 to adulthood...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16290209/retinal-neurospheres-prepared-as-tissue-for-transplantation
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ingela Liljekvist-Larsson, Kjell Johansson
The present work was conducted to study the cellular composition and developmental capacity of retinal neurospheres. Furthermore, the ability of grafted neurospheres to integrate into adult retinal tissue was studied in an in vitro model. Retinal progenitor cells isolated from rat embryos were expanded into neurospheres in vitro in the presence of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF). Neurospheres labeled with a lipophilic dye were placed onto explants, and tissue interactions were analyzed after 2-6 days of culture...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16290208/effects-of-prenatal-stress-on-anxiety-and-social-interactions-in-adult-rats
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
V Patin, B Lordi, A Vincent, J Caston
Deficits in social behavior are found in several neuro-psychiatric disorders with a presumed developmental origin. The aim of the present study is to determine if prenatal stress at a given day of gestation alters social behavior in adult offspring. Pregnant rats were exposed to an acute stress (presence of a cat) either at the 10th (S10), the 14th (S14) or the 19th (S19) gestational day. When adult, their offsprings were studied in anxiety, neophobic and social behaviors. The results showed that S10 and S19 rats were more anxious and less aggressive than control rats, while the anxious and aggressive behavior of S14 rats was similar to that of the control ones...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16289327/disruption-of-cerebellar-granule-cell-development-in-the-pax6-mutant-sey-mouse
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Douglas James Swanson, Yiai Tong, Dan Goldowitz
The transcriptional regulator Pax6 is expressed in cerebellar granule cells and a mutation in that gene (Sey) has been shown to affect cerebellar development. We have defined novel phenotypes in the Sey/Sey cerebellum, indicating that the mutation of Pax6 alters granule cell behavior in vitro and also the interaction between granule cells and Purkinje cells in vivo. In culture, Sey/Sey granule cell precursors show the following abnormal phenotypes: enhanced proliferation, increased apoptotic cell death, and decreased number of morphologically differentiating beta-III tubulin-positive cells...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16271399/cytoskeletal-synaptic-and-nuclear-protein-changes-associated-with-rat-interface-organotypic-hippocampal-slice-culture-development
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
John G Mielke, Tanya Comas, John Woulfe, Robert Monette, Balu Chakravarthy, Geoffrey A R Mealing
Although organotypic hippocampal slice cultures (OHSCs) are used to study function within the hippocampus, the effect of maintenance in vitro upon protein expression is not fully understood. Therefore, we examined developmental changes in cultures prepared from P8 rats and maintained on porous membranes between medium and atmosphere. Between 7 and 28 days following explantation, altered hippocampal morphology could not be detected despite a significant decrease in both MAP-2c and a mid-range tau isoform by 21 DIV...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16266754/lifespan-development-of-pro-and-anti-saccades-multiple-regression-models-for-point-estimates
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Christoph Klein, Friedrich Foerster, Klaus Hartnegg, Burkhart Fischer
The comparative study of anti- and pro-saccade task performance contributes to our functional understanding of the frontal lobes, their alterations in psychiatric or neurological populations, and their changes during the life span. In the present study, we apply regression analysis to model life span developmental effects on various pro- and anti-saccade task parameters, using data of a non-representative sample of 327 participants aged 9 to 88 years. Development up to the age of about 27 years was dominated by curvilinear rather than linear effects of age...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16256208/imbalances-emerge-in-cardiac-autonomic-cell-signaling-after-neonatal-exposure-to-terbutaline-or-chlorpyrifos-alone-or-in-combination
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Theodore A Slotkin, Charlotte A Tate, Mandy M Cousins, Frederic J Seidler
During early neonatal development, the future reactivity of the heart to cardiac autonomic stimulation is programmed by the timing and intensity of the arrival of parasympathetic and sympathetic inputs. In neonatal rats, we examined the effects of exposure to terbutaline, a beta-adrenoceptor (betaAR) agonist used to arrest preterm labor, and chlorpyrifos (CPF), a widely used organophosphate pesticide that acts in part through inhibition of cholinesterase, using scenarios mimicking the likely developmental stages corresponding to peak human exposures: postnatal days (PN) 2-5 for terbutaline and PN11-14 for CPF...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16256207/neonatal-alcohol-exposure-increases-malondialdehyde-mda-and-glutathione-gsh-levels-in-the-developing-cerebellum
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andrew M Smith, Daniel R Zeve, Jedidiah J Grisel, Wei-Jung A Chen
It has been suggested that developmental alcohol-induced brain damage is mediated through increases in oxidative stress. In this study, the concentrations of malondialdehyde (MDA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) were measured to indicate alcohol-mediated oxidative stress. In addition, the ability of two known antioxidants, melatonin (MEL) and lazaroid U-83836E (U), to attenuate alcohol-induced oxidative stress was investigated. Sprague-Dawley rat pups were randomly assigned to six artificially-reared groups, ALC (alcohol), MEL, MEL/ALC, U, U/ALC, and GC (gastrostomy control), and one normal suckle control (to control for artificial-rearing effects on the dependent variables)...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16253345/the-transdifferentiation-potential-of-limbal-fibroblast-like-cells
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Subhadra Dravida, Rajarshi Pal, Aparna Khanna, Shabari P Tipnis, Geeta Ravindran, Firdos Khan
We report the identification and isolation of limbal fibroblast-like cells from adult corneo-limbal tissue possessing self-renewing capacity and multilineage differentiation potential. The cells form cell aggregates or clusters, which express molecular markers, specific for ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm lineages in vitro. Further, these cells mature into a myriad of cell types including neurons, corneal cells, osteoblasts, chondrocytes, adipocytes, cardiomyocytes, hepatocytes and pancreatic islet cells. Despite originating from a non-embryonic source, they express ESC and other stem cell markers important for maintaining an undifferentiated state...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16242783/darkness-induced-neuroplastic-changes-in-the-serotoninergic-system-of-the-chick-retina
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nicolás Sebastián Fosser, Alicia Brusco, Hugo Ríos
Sensory experience is critical for the formation of neuronal circuits and it is well known that neuronal activity plays a crucial role in the formation and maintenance of synapses. In the vertebrate retina, exposure to different environmental conditions results in structural, physiological, neurochemical and pharmacological changes. Serotoninergic (5HT) amacrine cells of the chicken retina are bistratified interneurons whose primary dendrites descend through the inner nuclear layer (INL) to branch in the inner plexiform layer (IPL) forming two plexi, an outer network, localized to sublamina 1, and an inner network, localized to sublamina 4 and 5 of the IPL...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16236368/protective-effects-of-erythropoietin-against-ethanol-induced-apoptotic-neurodegenaration-and-oxidative-stress-in-the-developing-c57bl-6-mouse-brain
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Abdullah Kumral, Kazim Tugyan, Sevil Gonenc, Kursat Genc, Sermin Genc, Ulker Sonmez, Osman Yilmaz, Nuray Duman, Nazan Uysal, Hasan Ozkan
The developing central nervous system is extremely sensitive to ethanol, with well-defined temporal periods of vulnerability. Recent studies have shown that administration of ethanol to infant rats during the synaptogenesis period triggers extensive apoptotic neurodegeneration throughout many regions of the developing brain. Furthermore, acute ethanol administration produces lipid peroxidation in the brain as an indicator of oxidative stress. In recent years, it has been shown that erythropoietin (EPO) has a critical role in the development, maintenance, protection, and repair of the nervous system...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16236367/cell-proliferation-in-the-developing-and-adult-hindbrain-and-midbrain-of-trout-and-medaka-teleosts-a-segmental-approach
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Eva Candal, Ramón Anadón, Franck Bourrat, Isabel Rodríguez-Moldes
We report here the histogenesis of the brainstem of the trout (Salmo trutta fario) and the medaka (Oryzias latipes) chosen as examples of teleosts with slow and fast growth, respectively. Our results reveal that the sequence of formation of brain structures is rather similar in the teleosts species examined so far, but some interspecific differences do exist in terms of brainstem maturation at particular developmental stages, such as the end of the gastrulation and hatching periods. This sequence includes the subdivision of the brainstem in different transverse segments and longitudinal zones, where morphologically discernible boundaries are observed along the caudorostral and ventrodorsal axis...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16226814/non-lethal-active-caspase-3-expression-in-bergmann-glia-of-postnatal-rat-cerebellum
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sowmini Oomman, Howard Strahlendorf, VelvetLee Finckbone, Jean Strahlendorf
Caspase-3, an apoptotic executor, has been shown in recent years to mediate non-lethal events like cellular proliferation and differentiation, primarily in studies related to non-neural tissue. In central nervous system development, the role of active caspase-3 is still unclear. We provide the first evidence for a potential new role of active (cleaved) caspase-3 in promoting differentiation of Bergmann glia. This study was predicated on the hypothesis that active caspase-3 is important for the differentiation of glia...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16223529/growth-restriction-and-the-cerebral-metabolic-response-to-acute-hypoxia-of-chick-embryos-in-ovo-a-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
James C Dixon, Ernest B Cady, Andrew N Priest, John S Thornton, Donald M Peebles
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal brain injury is more common in growth-restricted (GR) than normally grown (NG) fetuses. This study addresses the hypothesis that chronic oxygen and substrate deprivation during pregnancy will engender an abnormal fetal cerebral metabolic response to acute hypoxia. METHOD: Cerebral metabolite resonance amplitudes relative to that of creatine were measured by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in chick embryos on day 19 of incubation. Measurements were obtained before, during and after acute hypoxia (8% ambient oxygen concentration for 44 min) in NG and GR embryos (10% albumen extracted day 0 and 14% oxygen exposure from day 10 of incubation)...
December 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16203042/activity-mediated-shift-in-reversal-potential-of-gaba-ergic-synaptic-currents-in-immature-neurons
#16
M Ouardouz, B R Sastry
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which is inhibitory in the adult central nervous system, can be excitatory in the developing brain. The change from excitatory to inhibitory action of GABA during development is caused by a negative shift in its reversal potential. Here, we report a presynaptic activity-mediated negative shift in the reversal potential of the GABA-mediated synaptic currents in immature deep cerebellar nuclei neurons. This shift appears to be due to an increased expression and activation of the K+-Cl- co-transporter type 2 (KCC-2) through the activation of protein kinase A, protein synthesis and activation of protein phosphatases...
November 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16198425/effects-of-prenatal-paraquat-and-mancozeb-exposure-on-amino-acid-synaptic-transmission-in-developing-mouse-cerebellar-cortex
#17
Leticia Miranda-Contreras, Rosaura Dávila-Ovalles, Pedro Benítez-Díaz, Zulma Peña-Contreras, Ernesto Palacios-Prü
The goal of this study was to analyze the effects of prenatal exposure to the pesticides paraquat (PQ) and mancozeb (MZ) on the development of synaptic transmission in mouse cerebellar cortex. Pregnant NMRI mice were treated with either saline, 10 mg/kg PQ, 30 mg/kg MZ or the combination of PQ + MZ, between gestational days 12 (E12) and E20. Variation in the levels of amino acid neurotransmitters was determined by HPLC, between postnatal day 1 (P1) and P30. Motor coordination was assessed by locomotor activity evaluation of control and experimental pups at P14, P21 and P30...
November 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16185771/switching-of-alpha-catenin-from-alphae-catenin-in-the-cortical-ventricular-zone-to-alphan-catenin-ii-in-the-intermediate-zone
#18
Itsuki Ajioka, Kazunori Nakajima
Although cadherins and catenins are known to play important roles during neural development, the types of alpha-catenin present in the developing telencephalon are still unknown. Here, we show that the ventricular zones (VZ) of the cortex and the ganglionic eminences express alphaE-catenin and alphaN-catenin, respectively, in a complementary manner. In the cortex, alpha-catenin is switched from alphaE-catenin in the VZ to alphaN-catenin II in the intermediate zone (IMZ).
November 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16181686/time-course-of-auditory-impairment-in-mice-lacking-the-electroneutral-sodium-bicarbonate-cotransporter-nbc3-slc4a7
#19
Ivan A Lopez, Dora Acuna, Gary Galbraith, Dean Bok, Akira Ishiyama, Weixin Liu, Ira Kurtz
Mice with a targeted disruption of the gene encoding the stilbene-insensitive electroneutral sodium bicarbonate cotransporter (NBC3; slc4a7) exhibit cochlear and retinal degeneration. To establish the progressive nature of sensory cells loss in slc4a7-/- deficient mice, we studied the morphology of cochleas of slc4a7-/- and slc4a7+/+ mice from postnatal day two (P2) to ninety (P90). Cell death was evaluated in slc4a7-/- cochleas using the TUNEL technique and caspase-3 immunoreactivity. The time course of NBC3 expression in the cochlea was assessed by immunohistochemistry using an antibody against NBC3...
November 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16169090/dye-coupling-in-purkinje-cells-of-organotypic-slice-cultures
#20
Karl Meller, Kerstin Krah, Carsten Theiss
Cerebellar slice cultures of newborn rats showed poorly developed dendritic arborization of Purkinje cells, whereas cultures of 10-day-old rats revealed prominent dendritic branching. Gap junctional intercellular communication between Purkinje cells, investigated as dye transfer of microinjected neurobiotin, occurred through dendro-dendritic contacts, with decreased dye spreading in old cell cultures. These results indicate a possible correlation of gap junctional intercellular communication and the development of Purkinje cells...
November 7, 2005: Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
journal
journal
30136
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"