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Iowa Orthopaedic Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104953/the-2018-michael-bonfiglio-award-for-student-research-in-orthopaedic-surgery-the-2018-iowa-orthopaedic-society-medical-student-research-award-for-musculoskeletal-research
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104952/new-orthopedic-faculty
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104951/2018-graduating-fellows
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104950/2018-graduating-orthopedic-residents
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104949/2018-dedication-of-the-iowa-orthopedic-journal-dr-charles-r-clark
#5
S Blake Dowdle, Sean E Sitton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104947/2018-ioj-editors-note
#6
EDITORIAL
S Blake Dowdle, Sean E Sitton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104946/might-doctors-really-know-best-utilizing-surgeon-intuition-to-strengthen-preoperative-surgical-risk-assessment
#7
James Kohler, Natalie Glass, Nicolas O Noiseux, John J Callaghan, Benjamin J Miller
Background: Many clinical factors are known to increase an individual patient's risk of perioperative complications and hospital readmission. Several novel risk calculators have been created to predict the risk of postoperative complications for specific procedures that rely entirely on objective measurements. Our goal was to determine if surgeon intuition (an estimate of the percent likelihood of minor and major medical and surgical complications and 30-day readmission) could provide an additional source of data in the preoperative setting that may enhance the prediction of complications after surgery...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104945/primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-syndrome-20-year-follow-up-study
#8
Karim Z Masrouha, John J Callaghan, José A Morcuende
Background: Patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes Syndrome (LCPS) are at an increased risk for developing osteoarthritis of the hip and undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) at an early age. Importantly, this younger age may put them at a higher risk for failure and revision surgery. The purpose of the study was to assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes as well as implant failure rate and risk for revision surgery at an average 20 years follow up. Methods: Data from LCPS patients treated with THA were collected including age, gender, operative date, revision date, as well as reason for and type of revision...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104944/total-hip-arthroplasty-for-crowe-type-iv-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-using-a-titanium-mesh-cup-and-subtrochanteric-femoral-osteotomy
#9
Mengcun Chen, Daniel J Gittings, Shuhua Yang, Xianzhe Liu
Background: Treatment of Crowe IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) with total hip arthroplasty (THA) reconstructs the true acetabulum, which improves hip biomechanics and function. However, restoration of the native acetabulum may lead to limb lengthening and traction neuropraxia. The purpose of this study is to describe the short term results of a retrospectively reviewed series of patients with Crowe IV DDH treated with THA using a titanium mesh cup, cemented liner, and subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104943/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-is-a-risk-factor-for-complications-in-total-joint-arthroplasty
#10
J Joseph Gholson, Brandon G Wilkinson, Timothy S Brown, Yubo Gao, S Blake Dowdle, John J Callaghan
Introduction: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) has been associated with increased complications following hip and knee arthroplasty. The Purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which SLE is a risk factor in outcomes following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Methods: The nationwide inpatient sample was used to identify a cohort of 505,841 patients who had a total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) between 2009-2011. Of these patients, 2,284 patients (0...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104942/long-term-functional-outcomes-of-distal-femoral-replacements-compared-to-geographic-resections-for-parosteal-osteosarcomas-of-the-distal-femur
#11
Benjamin K Wilke, Anna R Cooper, C Parker Gibbs, Mark T Scarborough, Andre R Spiguel
Background: Parosteal osteosarcoma is a rare tumor with increased survival compared to conventional high-grade osteosarcoma. Due to this increased survival comes the need for reconstructive options that provide good long-term functional results. Current treatment methods include geographic resection with allograft reconstruction versus resection and reconstruction with a distal femoral replacement. Purpose: Our purpose was to compare the long-term functional outcomes of distal femoral replacements to allograft reconstructions, using the musculoskeletal tumor society (MSTS) scoring system...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104941/trends-and-costs-of-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-comparison-of-inpatient-and-outpatient-procedures
#12
Christopher T Martin, Anthony D'Oro, Zorica Buser, Jim A Youssef, Jong-Beom Park, Hans-Joerg Meisel, Darrel S Brodke, Jeffrey C Wang, S Tim Yoon
Study Design: Epidemiologic Study. Objectives: To identify the trends in utilization of outpatient discharge for single level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), between 2007 and 2014, and to compare the costs and incidence of complications against a cohort of inpatients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 18,386 patients from the PearlDiver database from between 2007 and 2014. Discharge status was determined from billing codes...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104940/single-forearm-vessel-injury-in-a-perfused-hand-repair-or-ligate-a-systematic-review
#13
Sarah M Schippers, Christina Hajewski, Natalie A Glass, Lindsey Caldwell
Background: The purpose of this study was to systematically review available literature reporting vessel patency and how this correlates with cold symptoms following the treatment of a single forearm artery injury when the hand remains perfused. The outcomes of those treated by ligation were compared to those treated with vessel repair. Methods: Electronic databases including PubMed, Embase (Elsevier) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Willey) were searched for studies that reported the outcomes of patients who underwent either ligation or repair of single vessel injuries to hands that remained perfused at time of presentation...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104939/crossed-k-wires-versus-intramedullary-headless-screw-fixation-of-unstable-metacarpal-neck-fractures-a-biomechanical-study
#14
Bryan G Beutel, Omri Ayalon, Oran D Kennedy, Matin Lendhey, John T Capo, Eitan Melamed
Background: Intramedullary headless screw (IMHS) has shown promise as an alternative to other fixation devices for metacarpal neck fractures. The purpose of this study was to assess the biomechanical performance of IMHS versus the commonly-used crossed K-wire technique. We hypothesized that IMHS fixation provides superior stability to K-wires. Methods: A metacarpal neck fracture model in 23 human cadaveric metacarpals was created. The specimens were divided into two groups based upon fixation method: Group 1, 3 mm intramedullary headless screw; and Group 2, 0...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104938/factors-that-predict-overall-health-and-quality-of-life-in-non-ambulatory-individuals-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
Samuel E Kolman, Allan M Glanzman, Laura Prosser, David A Spiegel, Keith D Baldwin
Background: It is unknown what role specific tasks associated with personal care, positioning, communication and social interaction, and comfort and emotions play in predicting the overall health and quality of life of individuals with non-ambulatory cerebral palsy (CP). In this study, we prospectively evaluated which of these factors were significant predictors of overall health and quality of life. Methods: Parents and guardians of non-ambulatory children, adolescents and young adults with CP were prospectively recruited from the Cerebral Palsy Clinic of a large pediatric academic hospital...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104937/opening-wedge-osteotomy-for-the-correction-of-adolescent-tibia-vara
#16
Branum Griswold, Shawn Gilbert, Joseph Khoury
Background: Tibia vara, or Blount's disease, is a pathologic angular deformity of upper tibial physis causing a bow leg deformity. Adolescent Blount's disease may be unilateral or bilateral and is diagnosed during or just before the adolescent growth spurt. In addition to predisposing genetic factors, biomechanical overload of the proximal tibial physis causes asymmetric growth leading to a varus deformity.Surgical intervention is usually required for adolescent Blount's disease. Hemiepiphysiodesis has had some success in arresting or correcting the deformity...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104936/radiologic-evaluation-of-the-distal-radius-indices-in-early-and-late-childhood
#17
Pooya Hosseinzadeh, Douglas Olson, Ryan Eads, Ashley Jaglowicz, Charles A Goldfarb, Scott A Riley
The osseous anatomy of the distal radius is well documented in adults. Three commonly discussed variables are the volar tilt (also known as palmar tilt or palmar inclination), radial inclination, and radial height. These values are not well defined in the growing skeleton. We studied the radiographic measurements of normal distal radius osseous anatomy in children and identified how these values change with age. 372 patients (215 males and 157 females) between the ages of 8 and 16 were included in the study...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104935/what-are-the-results-of-surgical-treatment-of-postoperative-wound-complications-in-soft-tissue-sarcoma-a-retrospective-multi-center-case-series
#18
Sean Kennedy, Zachary Mayo, Yubo Gao, Benjamin J Miller
Background: Non-oncologic wound complications are common following resection of soft tissue sarcomas and factors predisposing to the development of complications have been extensively studied. To our knowledge, the methods and results of surgical treatment of these complications have not been reported. The purposes of this study were to 1) identify time to recognition, treatment employed, and eventual outcome of complications 2) investigate risk factors that may predispose patients to failure in management of complications following resection of soft tissue sarcomas...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104934/the-significance-of-a-close-margin-in-extremity-sarcoma-a-systematic-review
#19
Ike Hasley, Yubo Gao, Amy E Blevins, Benjamin J Miller
Background: An important measure of successful sarcoma treatment is the surgical tumor margin, yet defining and reporting the tumor margin has remained a source of controversy. Our study sought to determine whether there is a need to be more specific in classifying a margin by distinguishing a 'close' margin, or if simply calling a margin positive or negative is sufficient. Methods: We performed a comprehensive literature search in which all studies were reviewed independently by two separate reviewers...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104933/efficacy-and-validation-of-a-simulation-based-compartment-syndrome-instructional-course
#20
Saran Tantavisut, Josef N Tofte, Brian O Westerlind, Matthew D Karam, Phinit Phisitkul, John L Marsh
Background: This study reports the validity and effectiveness of a simulation-based compartment syndrome instructional course. Methods: Six post-graduation year one (PGY1) orthopaedic residents and six PGY5 residents participated in the study. All PGY1 residents participated in a four-hour compartment syndrome training simulation. An anatomic compartment model was used to test needle placement accuracy in four leg muscle compartments. Pre-training, immediate post-training, and one-month post-training performance data were collected from all PGY1 residents, as well as data from a onetime assessment of all PGY5 residents...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
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