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Iowa Orthopaedic Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528861/the-2016-michael-bonfiglio-award-for-student-research-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#1
Charles R Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528860/2016-graduating-fellows
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528859/2016-graduating-orthopedic-residents
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528858/2016-2017-department-of-orthopedics-and-rehabilitation-schedule-of-lectureships-and-conferences-larson-conference-room-01090-jpp-unless-otherwise-noted
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528857/iowa-orthopedic-journal-editors-emeriti
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528856/2016-ioj-editors-note
#6
Kyle R Duchman, Joshua B Holt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528855/comparison-of-two-synthetic-bone-graft-products-in-a-rabbit-posterolateral-fusion-model
#7
Douglas Fredericks, Emily B Petersen, Nicole Watson, Nicole Grosland, Katherine Gibson-Corley, Joseph Smucker
BACKGROUND: The drawbacks of iliac crest autograft as graft material for spine fusion are well reported. Despite continued modifications to improve bone healing capacity, the efficacy of synthetic graft materials as stand-alone replacements remains uncertain. The rabbit posterolateral fusion model is an established environment for testing of fusion concepts. It offers the opportunity to obtain radiographic, biomechanical and histological data on novel fusion materials. The objective of this study was to compare the spine fusion capability of two synthetic bone graft products in an established rabbit posterolateral spine fusion (PLF) model: Signafuse® Bioactive Bone Graft Putty and Actifuse® ABX...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528854/intrusion-characteristics-of-high-viscosity-bone-cements-for-the-tibial-component-of-a-total-knee-arthroplasty-using-negative-pressure-intrusion-cementing-technique
#8
Nam L Dinh, Alexander Cm O'Chong, Justin K Walden, Scott C Adrian, Robert P Cusick
BACKGROUND: With the advent of new bone cements with different viscosities, it is important to understand how they respond to different cementing techniques. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the high viscosity (HV) bone cement intrusion characteristics comparing negative pressure intrusion technique (NPI) and finger-packing technique in a cadaveric proximal tibial bone. METHODS: Soft tissues were removed from twenty- four fresh frozen cadaver proximal tibiae, and standard arthroplasty tibial cuts were performed...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528853/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-30-day-readmissions-after-hip-fracture-surgery
#9
Christopher T Martin, Yubo Gao, Andrew J Pugely
BACKGROUND: Unplanned hospital readmission following orthopedic procedures results in significant expenditures for the Medicare population. In order to reduce expenditures, hospital readmission has become an important quality metric for Medicare patients. The purpose of the present study is to determine the incidence and risk factors for 30-day readmissions after hip fracture surgery. METHODS: Patients over the age of 18 years who underwent hip fracture surgery, including open reduction internal fixation (ORIF), intramedullary nailing, hemi-arthroplasty, or total hip arthroplasty, between the years 2012 and 2013 were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality improvement Program (NSQIP) database...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528852/reliability-of-a-surgeon-reported-morbidity-and-mortality-database-a-comparison-of-short-term-morbidity-between-the-scoliosis-research-society-and-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-databases
#10
Christopher T Martin, Andrew J Pugely, Yubo Gao, Branko Skovrlj, Nathan J Lee, Samuel K Cho, Sergio Mendoza-Lattes
BACKGROUND: There exists a lack of comparison between large national healthcare databases reporting surgical morbidity and mortality. Prior authors have expressed concern that the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) membership may have underreported complications in spinal surgery. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to compare the incidence of morbidity between the SRS and National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) databases. METHODS: We reviewed patients enrolled between 2012 and 2013, with a total of 96,875 patients identified in the SRS dataset and 15,909 in the combined adult and pediatric NSQIP dataset...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528851/pediatric-stress-fractures-a-pictorial-essay
#11
Nirav H Shelat, Georges Y El-Khoury
More children are participating in organized and recreational athletics at a younger age. It has been well documented that increased athletic specialization and year-round activities have resulted in higher incidences of overuse injuries, including stress fractures and stress reactions. Initially, stress fractures can be radiographically occult. Continued stress on the injured bone or cartilage can lead to progressive radiographic changes. Because of the prevalence of these injuries, both orthopedic surgeons and radiologists should be aware of the radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of common stress fractures in children...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528850/a-biomechanical-comparison-of-pin-configurations-used-for-percutaneous-pinning-of-distal-tibia-fractures-in-children
#12
Justin Brantley, Aditi Majumdar, J Taylor Jobe, Antony Kallur, Christina Salas
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous pin fixation is often used in conjunction with closed-reduction and cast immobilization to treat pediatric distal tibia fractures. The goal of this procedure is to maintain reduction and provide improved stabilization, in effort to facilitate a more anatomic union. We conducted a biomechanical study of the torsional and bending stability of three commonly used pin configurations in distal tibia fracture fixation. METHODS: A transverse fracture was simulated at the metaphyseal/diaphyseal junction in 15 synthetic tibias...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528849/a-randomized-prospective-study-of-the-use-of-ipads-in-reducing-anxiety-during-cast-room-procedures
#13
Justine S Ko, Zachariah Whiting, Cynthia Nguyen, Raymond W Liu, Allison Gilmore
BACKGROUND: Cast room procedures can be a source of anxiety for children. Various techniques, including music therapy, have been evaluated as a way to ease this anxiety. The use of iPads as a form of distraction during cast room procedures has not previously been evaluated and was the purpose of the current study. METHODS: 146 children and adolescents who underwent cast room procedures during June- August 2015 were randomly assigned to one of three groups: no-iPad, iPad with video, or iPad with game...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528848/three-methods-of-guided-growth-for-pediatric-lower-extremity-angular-deformity-correction
#14
Pooya Hosseinzadeh, David R Ross, Janet L Walker, Vishwas R Talwalkar, Henry J Iwinski, Todd A Milbrandt
BACKGROUND: Different methods of guided growth are used for correction of angular deformity in growing children. The differences between these different methods are not well described in the literature. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken comparing the effectiveness and complication rates of titanium staples, titanium eight-plates, and the stainless steel Pedi-plate at a tertiary pediatric hospital after IRB approval. RESULTS: 77 patients were included in the analysis...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528847/transcutaneous-oximetry-may-predict-wound-healing-complications-in-preoperatively-radiated-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#15
Lukas M Nystrom, Benjamin J Miller
BACKGROUND: Preoperative radiation is frequently used in management of soft tissue sarcoma. We hypothesize that anoxic tissue from preoperative radiation contributes to surgical wound complications and that transcutaneous oximetry (TcO2) measurements made preoperatively can predict wounds at risk. METHODS: Ten consecutive patients were prospectively enrolled. TcO2 was recorded at five time points. Wound complications (defined as major or minor) and healing outcomes were recorded out to 120 days postoperatively...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528846/pulmonary-surveillance-strategies-following-sarcoma-excision-vary-among-orthopedic-oncologists-a-survey-of-the-musculoskeletal-tumor-society
#16
Zachary Ries, C Parker Gibbs, Mark T Scarborough, Benjamin J Miller
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary surveillance protocols following sarcoma excision based on clinical evidence and outcomes are limited in current literature. The purpose of this study was to determine the method, frequency, and reasoning behind pulmonary surveillance strategies in patients treated for sarcoma among members of the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS). METHODS: SurveyMonkey, an online survey tool, was used to create and distribute a questionnaire to 211 members of the MSTS in 2011...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528845/staged-soft-tissue-reconstruction-following-sarcoma-excision-with-anticipated-large-cutaneous-defects-an-oncologically-safe-alternative
#17
Geoffrey W Siegel, William M Kuzon, Jill M Hasen, J Sybil Biermann
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that select patients undergoing planned soft tissue sarcoma (STS) excision with anticipated skin and soft tissue deficits could be treated with a two stage surgical procedure which would allow some flexibility in coverage options while not significantly increasing local recurrence rate or wound complication rate. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken in a series of consecutive patients with a minimum 2-year follow-up treated by a single orthopedic oncologist and a single reconstructive plastic surgeon who were managed with a staged approach STS excision and reconstruction...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528844/the-treatment-and-outcomes-of-extraskeletal-osteosarcoma-institutional-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Lukas M Nystrom, Nickolas B Reimer, John D Reith, Mark T Scarborough, C Parker Gibbs
BACKGROUND: Extraskeletal osteosarcoma is a rare tumor with a poor prognosis. The purpose of this study is to examine the oncologic outcomes of this disease as they relate to surgical treatment and use of adjuvant therapies. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all patients treated at our institution for high-grade extraskeletal osteosarcoma of the limb or chest wall. We recorded demographic data, presenting stage, surgical margin, use of adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation, incidence of local recurrence, metastases, and death...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528843/clinical-accuracy-of-j-sign-measurement-compared-to-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#19
Mitch W Beckert, Jay C Albright, Jeff Zavala, Justin Chang, John P Albright
BACKGROUND: The J-sign is defined as lateral patellar translation over the anterolateral femur proximal to the trochlear groove during active leg extension. Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques allow for quantification of the J-sign using a variety of published indices. However, to date, clinical quantification of the J-sign has not been reliably described. The purpose of the present study is to assess the accuracy of clinically quantifying the J-sign compared with objective MRI data...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528842/case-report-absence-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-brachii-tendon
#20
Abdullah Foad, Sami Faruqui
BACKGROUND: Absence of the long head of the biceps brachii (LHB) tendon is rare with an unknown incidence. It can occur bilaterally in patients with or without associated congenital anomalies. Diagnostic difficulty exists with both magnetic resonance imaging and physical examination. METHODS/RESULTS: We present the case of a 24-year-old female with a three year history of progressive right shoulder pain and instability with negative magnetic resonance arthrogram who was subsequently found to have absence of the LHB tendon...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
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