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Research in Microbiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728853/eve-s-garden-myths-legends-and-secrets-unmasked
#1
Tania Crucitti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728852/for-publication-in-vitro-characteristics-of-an-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salarl-hind-gut-microbial-community-in-relation-to-different-dietary-treatments
#2
Kamarul Zaman Zarkasi, Richard S Taylor, Brett D Glencross, Guy C J Abell, Mark L Tamplin, John P Bowman
In this study, microbial community dynamics were assessed within a simple in vitro model system in order to understand those changes influenced by diet.The abundance and diversity of bacteria were monitored within different treatment slurries inoculated with salmon faecal samples in order to mimic the effects of dietary variables. A total of five complete diets and two ingredients (plant meal)were tested. The total viable counts (TVCs) and sequencing data revealed that there was very clear separation between the complete diets and the plant meal treatments, suggesting a dynamic response by the allochthonous bacteria to the treatments...
July 17, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716397/polymicrobial-infections-and-biofilms-in-women-s-health-gahro-expert-group-meeting-report-2017
#3
EDITORIAL
Nuno Cerca, Mario Vaneechoutte, Alexander Guschin, Alexander Swidsinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709697/effects-of-p-limitation-and-molecules-from-peanut-root-exudates-on-pqqe-gene-expression-and-pqq-promoter-activity-in-the-phosphate-solubilizing-strain-serratia-sp-s119
#4
Liliana M Ludueña, Maria S Anzuay, Cynthia Magallanes-Noguera, Maria L Tonelli, Fernando J Ibañez, Jorge G Angelini, Adriana Fabra, Matthew McIntosh, Tania Taurian
The mineral phosphate-solubilizing phenotype in bacteria is attributed predominantly to secretion of gluconic acid produced by oxidation of glucose by the glucose dehydrogenase enzyme and its cofactor, pyrroloquinoline quinone. This study analyzes pqqE gene expression and pqq promoter activity in the native phosphate-solubilizing bacterium Serratia sp S119 growing under P-limitation, and in the presence of root exudates obtained from peanut plants, also growing under P-limitation. Results indicated that Serratia sp...
July 11, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684253/subinhibitory-concentrations-of-gentamicin-trigger-expression-of-aac-6-ie-aph-2%C3%A2-ia-chaperones-and-biofilm-related-genes-in-lactobacillus-plantarum-mcc3011
#5
Jaimee George, Prakash Motiram Halami
This study aimed to analyze the effects of subinhibitory concentrations of gentamicin on expression of high-level aminoglycoside-resistant (HLAR) bifunctional aac(6')-Ie-aph(2″)Ia, biofilm and chaperone genes in Lactobacillus plantarum. Analysis of biofilm formation in five isolates obtained from chicken sausages indicated their role in exhibiting phenotypic resistance based on varied MIC values, despite carrying the bifunctional gene. Biofilm formation significantly increased when L. plantarum MCC3011 was grown in subinhibitory concentrations of gentamicin (4 μg/ml), kanamycin (8 μg/ml) and streptomycin (2 μg/ml)...
July 4, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629869/evaluation-of-cell-wall-damage-by-dimethyl-sulfoxide-in-candida-species
#6
María Cristina León-García, Emmanuel Ríos-Castro, Everardo López-Romero, Mayra Cuéllar-Cruz
Studies dealing with the response of microorganisms to oxidative stress require the dissolution of oxidant agents in an appropriate solvent. A commonly used medium is dimethyl sulfoxide, which has been considered as an innocuous polar solvent. However, we have observed significant differences between control, untreated cells and those receiving increasing amounts of the oxidant and hence increasing amounts of DMSO, to the maximum allowed of 1%. Here we show that, while this solvent does not influence yeast cell viability, it does affect expression of cell wall proteins as well as catalase activity...
June 17, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576703/porin-flexibility-in-providencia-stuartii-cell-surface-exposed-loops-l5-and-l7-are-markers-of-providencia-porin-omppst1
#7
Que-Tien Tran, Laure Maigre, Tommaso D'Agostino, Matteo Ceccarelli, Mathias Winterhalter, Jean-Marie Pagès, Anne Davin-Regli
Epidemiologically unrelated Providencia stuartii strains isolated in hospitals in the south of France were investigated for their porin sequences and profiles. Noticeable resistance to β-lactams was found to be associated with production of extended spectrum β-lactamases or AmpC overproduction, but not metallo-β-lactamases. At the same time, the expression level of outer membrane porins was unmodified in these isolates. The identity of the amino acid sequences of the major porin OmpPst1 was less than 90% in the tested clinical strains, whereas sequences of the second major porin OmpPst2 were found to be identical in all isolates...
May 30, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549739/characterization-of-a-major-facilitator-superfamily-transporter-in-shiraia-bambusicola
#8
Huaxiang Deng, Ruijie Gao, Xiangru Liao, Yujie Cai
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by photo-activated hypocrellin from Shiraia bambusicola are detrimental to cellular macromolecules. However, S. bambusicola can still maintain excellent morphology during continuous hypocrellin production, indicating an extraordinary autoresistance system that protects against the harmful ROS. In this study, a major facilitator superfamily transporter (MFS) was isolated from S. bambusicola and deleted using the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat sequences (CRISPR)/Cas9 system...
May 24, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526528/gluten-degrading-bacteria-are-present-in-the-human-small-intestine-of-healthy-volunteers-and-celiac-patients
#9
Alexandra R Herrán, Jénifer Pérez-Andrés, Alberto Caminero, Esther Nistal, Santiago Vivas, José María Ruiz de Morales, Javier Casqueiro
Gluten is the only known environmental factor that triggers celiac disease. Several studies have described an imbalance between the intestinal microbiota of different individuals based on diagnoses. Moreover, recent studies have suggested that human bacteria may play an important role in gluten hydrolysis. However, there has been no research focusing on the small intestine. This study aimed to characterize the adult small intestine microbiota possibly implicated in gluten hydrolysis. Duodenal biopsies from different diagnosed individuals were cultured in a gluten-containing medium, and the grown microbiota was analyzed by culture dependent/independent methods...
May 16, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506837/the-roles-of-actin-cytoskeleton-and-actin-associated-protein-crn1p-in-trap-formation-of-arthrobotrys-oligospora
#10
Donghua Zhang, Xin Zhu, Fan Sun, Keqin Zhang, Shanzhuang Niu, Xiaowei Huang
Nematode-trapping fungi include a variety of species capable of generating specific trapping devices to capture nematodes and the production of devices is also an indicator of a switch from saprophytic to predacious lifestyles. Traps are developed from vegetative mycelia, but they are quite different from hyphae in both morphological and physiological characteristics. Therefore, the molecular mechanisms underlying their formation have attracted much attention. In this investigation, Arthrobotrys oligospora, a nematode-trapping fungus, has three-dimensional networks and genomics and proteomics were recently performed, so as to reveal the relationship between actin cytoskeleton and trap formation...
May 12, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502874/aerobic-vaginitis-no-longer-a-stranger
#11
Gilbert G G Donders, Gert Bellen, Svitrigaile Grinceviciene, Kateryna Ruban, Pedro Vieira-Baptista
Aerobic vaginitis (AV) is the name given in 2002 to a vaginal infectious entity which was not recognized as such before. It is characterized by abnormal (dysbiotic) vaginal microflora containing aerobic, enteric bacteria, variable levels of vaginal inflammation and deficient epithelial maturation. Although AV and bacterial vaginosis (BV) share some characteristics, such as a diminished number or absence of lactobacilli, increased discharge (fishy smelling in BV, while in severe forms of AV, a foul, rather rotten smell may be present) and increased pH (often more pronounced in AV), there are also striking differences between the two...
May 11, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499955/transcriptomic-analysis-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-upon-honokiol-treatment
#12
Xiaolong Zhu, Shenshen Zou, Youbin Li, Yongheng Liang
Honokiol (HNK), one of the main medicinal components in Magnolia officinalis, possesses antimicrobial activity against a variety of pathogenic bacteria and fungi. However, little is known of the molecular mechanisms underpinning the antimicrobial activity. To explore the molecular mechanism of its antifungal activity, we determined the effects of HNK on the mRNA expression profile of Saccharomyces cerevisiae using a DNA microarray approach. HNK markedly induced the expression of genes related to iron uptake and homeostasis...
May 10, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499956/group-x-hybrid-histidine-kinase-chk1-is-dispensable-for-stress-adaptation-host-pathogen-interactions-and-virulence-in-the-opportunistic-yeast-candida-guilliermondii
#13
María J Navarro-Arias, Karine Dementhon, Tatiana A Defosse, Emilien Foureau, Vincent Courdavault, Marc Clastre, Solène Le Gal, Gilles Nevez, Yohann Le Govic, Jean-Philippe Bouchara, Nathalie Giglioli-Guivarc'h, Thierry Noël, Hector M Mora-Montes, Nicolas Papon
Hybrid histidine kinases (HHKs) progressively emerge as prominent sensing proteins in the fungal kingdom and as ideal targets for future therapeutics. The group X HHK is of major interest, since it was demonstrated to play an important role in stress adaptation, host-pathogen interactions and virulence in some yeast and mold models, and particularly Chk1, that corresponds to the sole group X HHK in Candida albicans. In the present work, we investigated the role of Chk1 in the low-virulence species Candida guilliermondii, in order to gain insight into putative conservation of the role of group X HHK in opportunistic yeasts...
May 9, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483441/the-cytidine-repressor-participates-in-the-regulatory-pathway-of-indole-in-pantoea-agglomerans
#14
Mengqi Jia, Xuemei Yu, Jing Jiang, Zihua Li, Yongjun Feng
Indole, an important signal molecule in both intraspecies and interspecies, regulates a variety of bacterial behaviors, but its regulatory mechanism is still unknown. Pantoea agglomerans YS19, a preponderant endophytic bacterium isolated from rice, does not produce indole, yet it senses exogenous indole. In this study, a mutant of YS19-Rp(r) whose target gene expression was downregulated by indole was selected through mTn5 transposon mutagenesis. Using the TAIL-PCR technique, the mutation gene was identified as a cytR homologue, which encodes a cytidine repressor (CytR) protein, a bacterial transcription factor involved in a complex regulation scheme...
May 5, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478075/the-phosphotransferase-system-gene-ptsi-in-bacillus-cereus-regulates-expression-of-soda2-and-contributes-to-colonization-of-wheat-roots
#15
Tantan Gao, Yan Li, Mingzheng Ding, Yunrong Chai, Qi Wang
Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria effectively enhance plant growth and root colonization by the bacteria is a prerequisite during the process. Bacillus cereus 905, a rhizosphere bacterium originally isolated from wheat roots, colonizes the wheat rhizosphere with a large population size. We previously showed that a manganese-containing superoxide dismutase (MnSOD2), encoded by the sodA2 gene, plays an important role in colonization of the wheat rhizosphere by B. cereus 905. In this study, we identified a gene, ptsI, which positively regulates transcription of sodA2...
May 4, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366837/slpe-is-a-calcium-dependent-cytotoxic-metalloprotease-associated-with-clinical-isolates-of-serratia-marcescens
#16
Nicholas A Stella, Jake D Callaghan, Liang Zhang, Kimberly M Brothers, Regis P Kowalski, Jean J Huang, Patrick H Thibodeau, Robert M Q Shanks
Serralysin-like proteases are found in a wide variety of bacteria. These metalloproteases are frequently implicated in virulence and are members of the widely conserved RTX-toxin family. We identified a serralysin-like protease in the genome of a clinical isolate of Serratia marcescens that is highly similar to the canonical serralysin protein, PrtS. This gene was named serralysin-like protease E, SlpE, and was found in the majority (67%) of tested clinical isolates, but was absent from most tested non-clinical isolates including the insect pathogen and reference S...
July 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263907/role-of-the-interplay-between-quorum-sensing-regulator-vqsr-and-the-pseudomonas-quinolone-signal-in-mediating-carbapenem-tolerance-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#17
Darija Viducic, Keiji Murakami, Takashi Amoh, Tsuneko Ono, Yoichiro Miyake
Pseudomonas aeruginosa coordinates its response to environmental conditions through activation of a quorum sensing (QS) system. In this study, we investigated the regulatory interaction between the QS transcriptional regulator VqsR and the Pseudomonas quinolone signal (PQS) through integration of sigma factor RpoS, and we addressed whether one of the pathways controlling carbapenem tolerance can be attributed to VqsR. We demonstrate that vqsR expression at the transcriptional level is regulated by pqsA, pqsR, and pqsE...
June 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263906/characterization-of-genetic-determinants-involved-in-antibiotic-resistance-in-aeromonas-spp-and-fecal-coliforms-isolated-from-different-aquatic-environments
#18
Alessandro Carnelli, Federica Mauri, Antonella Demarta
Aeromonas spp. and fecal coliforms, two abundant and cultivable bacterial populations that can be found in water ecosystems, might substantially contribute to the spread of antibiotic resistance. We investigated the presence and spread of transposons (elements that can move from one location to another in the genome), integrons (structures able to capture and incorporate gene cassettes) and resistance plasmids in strains isolated from polluted and unpolluted water. We recovered 231 Aeromonas and 250 fecal coliforms from water samplings with different degrees of pollution (hospital sewage, activated sludge of a wastewater treatment plant, river water before and after treatment and water from an alpine lake)...
June 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263905/carotenoid-production-and-phenotypic-variation-in-azospirillum-brasilense
#19
Gal Reem Brenholtz, Dafna Tamir-Ariel, Yaacov Okon, Saul Burdman
We assessed the occurrence of phenotypic variation in Azospirillum brasilense strains Sp7, Cd, Sp245, Az39 and phv2 during growth in rich media, screening for variants altered in colony pigmentation or extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) production. Previous studies showed that EPS-overproducing variants of Sp7 appear frequently following starvation or growth in minimal medium. In contrast, no such variants were detected during growth in rich media in the tested strains except for few variants of phv2. Regarding alteration in colony pigmentation (from pink to white in strain Cd and from white to pink in the others), strain Sp7 showed a relatively high frequency of variation (0...
June 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263904/utilization-of-interferometric-light-microscopy-for-the-rapid-analysis-of-virus-abundance-in-a-river
#20
Céline Roose-Amsaleg, Yasmina Fedala, Catherine Vénien-Bryan, Josette Garnier, Albert-Claude Boccara, Martine Boccara
There is a constant need for direct counting of biotic nanoparticles such as viruses to unravel river functioning. We used, for the first time in freshwater, a new method based on interferometry differentiating viruses from other particles such as membrane vesicles. In the French Marne River, viruses represented between 42 and 72% of the particles. A spring monitoring in 2014 revealed their increase (2.1 × 10(7) to 2.1 × 10(8) mL(-1)) linked to an increase in algal biomass and diversity of bacterial plankton...
June 2017: Research in Microbiology
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