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Reproduction, Fertility, and Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343468/glutamine-protects-rabbit-spermatozoa-against-oxidative-stress-via-glutathione-synthesis-during-cryopreservation
#1
Zhendong Zhu, Xiaoteng Fan, Yinghua Lv, Yan Lin, De Wu, Wenxian Zeng
Mammalian spermatozoa are extremely susceptible to high doses of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential role of glutamine in protecting rabbit spermatozoa against ROS stress during cryopreservation and post-thaw incubation. Freshly ejaculated semen was diluted with Tris-citrate-glucose extender supplemented with glutamine. The addition of 20mM glutamine significantly improved sperm motility, acrosome integrity, membrane integrity and mitochondrial activity...
March 27, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343467/successful-chimera-production-in-the-hungarian-goose-anser-anser-domestica-by-intracardiac-injection-of-blastodermal-cells-in-3-day-old-embryos
#2
Nikoletta Sztán, Bence Lázár, Nóra Bodzsár, Barbara Végi, Krisztina Liptói, Bertrand Pain, Eszter Patakiné Várkonyi
The conservation of genetic resources of avian species has become increasingly important over the past decade. The aim of the present study was to develop a genome preservation technique for the Hungarian goose Anser anser domestica. To this end, we developed a novel approach combining the simplicity of isolating a blastodermal cell suspension, which includes forming primordial germ cells (PGCs), with the efficiency of targeting future gonads by injecting these cells into the cardiac vein of the developing host embryo...
March 27, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298247/tissue-specific-inhibition-of-urokinase-type-plasminogen-activator-expression-in-the-testes-of-mice-by-inducible-lentiviral-rna-interference-causes-male-infertility
#3
Kai Zhao, Yan Liu, Zhe Xiong, Lian Hu, Cheng-Liang Xiong
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) is involved in many physiological processes, including male infertility. To explore the effects of uPA in male reproduction, we constructed an inducible uPA short hairpin RNA (shRNA) system expressed by lentiviral vectors. After proving inhibition of uPA expression in the mouse Sertoli cell line TM4 by 1μgmL-1 doxycycline (Dox), two lentivirus (pLenti4-shRNA and pLenti6/TR) were co-microinjected into mouse testes to produce TetR&shuPA mice model. Though oral gavage by 0...
March 16, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298246/prostaglandin-f2-ptgfr-signalling-activation-growth-factor-expression-and-cell-proliferation-in-bovine-endometrial-explants
#4
Shuangyi Zhang, Bo Liu, Long Gao, Wei Mao, Changqi Fu, Duritahala, Nan Zhang, Ying Zhang, Yuan Shen, Jinshan Cao
The endometrium of domestic animals undergoes regular periods of regeneration and degeneration and exhibits a remarkable capacity for self-repair during the oestrous cycle. The endometrial growth pattern is also observed during in the implantation period and early pregnancy, but the mechanism underlying endometrial growth in these processes remains unclear. A positive correlation between endometrial growth in these processes and prostaglandin (PG) F2α secretion has been reported, but the roles that PGF2α plays in endometrial growth is less studied...
March 16, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248633/evaluation-of-smartflare-probe-applicability-for-verification-of-rnas-in-early-equine-conceptuses-equine-dermal-fibroblast-cells-and-trophoblastic-vesicles
#5
S Budik, W Tschulenk, S Kummer, I Walter, C Aurich
Live cell RNA imaging has become an important tool for studying RNA localisation, dynamics and regulation in cultured cells. Limited information is available using these methods in more complex biological systems, such as conceptuses at different developmental stages. So far most of the approaches rely on microinjection of synthetic constructs into oocytes during or before fertilisation. Recently, a new generation of RNA-specific probes has been developed, the so named SmartFlare probes (Merck Millipore). These consist of a central 15-nm gold particle with target-specific DNAs immobilised on its surface...
March 2, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241901/effects-of-antifreeze-glycoprotein-8-afgp8-supplementation-during-vitrification-on-the-in-vitro-developmental-capacity-of-expanded-bovine-blastocysts
#6
Shuang Liang, Bao Yuan, Yong-Xun Jin, Jia-Bao Zhang, Jeong Kyu Bang, Nam-Hyung Kim
Cryopreservation is an effective method for the long-term storage of valuable germplasm in the field of reproductive research. The present study examined the developmental capacity of post-thaw bovine blastocysts during vitrification after supplementation with antifreeze glycoprotein 8 (AFGP8). Survival and re-expansion rates in culture during the 12h after thawing were significantly higher in the AFGP8-treated than untreated group. In addition, blastocysts from the AFGP8-treated group exhibited lower rates of apoptosis...
February 28, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241900/expression-of-protocadherin-11yb-pcdh11yb-in-seminal-germ-cells-is-correlated-with-fertility-status-in-men
#7
Thottathil R Anilkumar, Anandavalli N Devi, Sathy M Pillai, Krishnapillai Jayakrishnan, Oommen V Oommen, Pradeep G Kumar
Protocadherin 11 Y-linked (PCDH11Y), a member of the cadherin superfamily, is predominantly expressed in the central nervous system, is encoded by the Yp11.2 locus and exists in three isoforms: 11Ya, 11Yb and 11Yc. PCDH11Y is upregulated by retinoic acid signalling and is essential for spermatogonial differentiation and initiation of meiosis. PCDH11Y mediates Wnt signalling, which plays a crucial role in the differentiation of various cell types. PCDH11Y has been implicated in neuronal cell differentiation and proliferation, but its association with spermatogenesis has not yet been addressed...
February 28, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231867/localisation-of-stem-cell-factor-stanniocalcin-1-connective-tissue-growth-factor-and-heparin-binding-epidermal-growth-factor-in-the-bovine-uterus-at-the-time-of-blastocyst-formation
#8
M Muñoz, D Martin, S Carrocera, M Alonso-Guervos, M I Mora, F J Corrales, N Peynot, C Giraud-Delville, V Duranthon, O Sandra, E Gómez
Early embryonic losses before implantation account for the highest rates of reproductive failure in mammals, in particular when in vitro-produced embryos are transferred. In the present study, we used molecular biology techniques (real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction), classical immunohistochemical staining coupled with confocal microscopy and proteomic analysis (multiple reaction monitoring and western blot analysis) to investigate the role of four growth factors in embryo-uterine interactions during blastocyst development...
February 24, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193317/identification-of-differentially-expressed-placental-transcripts-during-multiple-gestations-in-the-eurasian-beaver-castor-fiber-l
#9
A Lipka, L Paukszto, M Majewska, J P Jastrzebski, K Myszczynski, G Panasiewicz, B Szafranska
The Eurasian beaver is one of the largest rodents that, despite its high impact on the environment, is a non-model species that lacks a reference genome. Characterising genes critical for pregnancy outcome can serve as a basis for identifying mechanisms underlying effective reproduction, which is required for the success of endangered species conservation programs. In the present study, high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was used to analyse global changes in the Castor fiber subplacenta transcriptome during multiple pregnancy...
February 14, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193316/polydatin-improves-the-developmental-competence-of-bovine-embryos-in-vitro-via-induction-of-sirtuin-1-sirt1
#10
Imran Khan, Sung Woo Kim, Kyung-Lim Lee, Seok-Hwan Song, Ayman Mesalam, M M R Chowdhury, Zia Uddin, Ki Hun Park, Il-Keun Kong
The aim of the present study was to investigate the beneficial effect of polydatin (PD), the glycoside form of resveratrol, on embryo development in vitro. Oocytes were aspirated from ovaries of Korean Hanwoo cows and cultured until Day 8 in a humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2 in air at 38.5°C. Protein and gene expression levels were determined through confocal microscopy and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction respectively, whereas the number of total and apoptotic cells in Day 8 blastocysts was determined using Hoechst 33342 staining and terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-digoxigenin nick end-labelling...
February 14, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190421/sperm-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-type-a-receptor-delta-subunit-gabrd-and-its-interaction-with-purinergic-p2x2-receptors-in-progesterone-induced-acrosome-reaction-and-male-fertility
#11
Wenming Xu, Ke Wang, Yan Chen, Xiao Tong Liang, Mei Kuen Yu, Huanxun Yue, M Louise Tierney
The mechanism underlying the non-genomic action of progesterone in sperm functions and related Ca2+ mobilisation remains elusive. Herein we report the expression of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor delta subunit (GABRD) in human and rodent sperm and its involvement in mediating the progesterone-induced acrosome reaction. GABRD was localised in the sperm head/neck region. A δ(392-422)-specific inhibitory peptide against GABRD blocked the progesterone-induced acrosome reaction and the associated increase in intracellular Ca2+...
February 13, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182865/restoration-of-immune-and-renal-function-in-aged-females-by-re-establishment-of-active-ovarian-function
#12
Rhett L Peterson, Kate C Parkinson, Jeffrey B Mason
Proper immune functioning is necessary to maximize reproductive success. In addition, age-associated uremia in women is often associated with hypothalamic--pituitary-gonadal dysfunction. In the present experiments, we tested immune and renal function to determine if exposure of postreproductive mice to young, reproductively cycling ovaries would influence non-reproductive physiological functions. Control female CBA/J mice were evaluated at 6, 13 and 16 months of age. Additional mice received new (60-day-old) ovaries at 12 months of age and were evaluated at 16 months of age...
February 10, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171739/in-vitro-addition-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-improves-the-quality-of-cooled-but-not-frozen-thawed-stallion-semen
#13
D M Silva, S A Holden, A Lyons, J C Souza, S Fair
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of the addition of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the in vitro quality of cooled and frozen-thawed stallion semen. In Experiment 1, semen from 10 stallions was collected (three ejaculates per stallion). Semen was diluted to 100×106 spermatozoa mL-1 with 0.02mM vitamin E (VE) and 0, 1, 10 or 20ng mL-1 DHA and frozen. Semen was thawed and total motility (TM), rapid progressive motility (PM), acrosome integrity, membrane fluidity and morphology were assessed...
February 8, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152377/gene-specific-profiling-of-dna-methylation-and-mrna-expression-in-bovine-oocytes-derived-from-follicles-of-different-size-categories
#14
F Mattern, J Heinzmann, D Herrmann, A Lucas-Hahn, T Haaf, H Niemann
Epigenetic changes, such as DNA methylation, play an essential role in the acquisition of full developmental competence by mammalian oocytes during the late follicular growth phase. Here we used the bovine model to investigate the DNA methylation profiles of seven candidate genes (imprinted: bH19, bSNRPN; non-imprinted: bZAR1, bDNMT3A, bOCT4, bDNMT3 Lo and bDNMT3 Ls) and the mRNA expression of nine candidate genes (imprinted: bSNRPN, bPEG3, bIGF2R; non-imprinted: bPRDX1, bDNMT1B, bDNMT3A, bZAR1, bHSF1 and bNLRP9) in oocytes from antral follicles of three different size classes (≤2mm, 3-5mm, ≥6mm) to unravel the epigenetic contribution to this process...
February 3, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147214/microtubule-stabilisers-docetaxel-and-paclitaxel-reduce-spindle-damage-and-maintain-the-developmental-competence-of-in-vitro-mature-bovine-oocytes-during-vitrification
#15
Jakkhaphan Pitchayapipatkul, Tamás Somfai, Satoko Matoba, Rangsan Parnpai, Takashi Nagai, Masaya Geshi, Thevin Vongpralub
This study compared the efficacy of docetaxel (DT) and paclitaxel (PT) in reducing spindle damage during vitrification and maintaining the developmental competence of in vitro-matured (IVM) bovine oocytes after vitrification and warming. Pretreatment of IVM oocytes with 0.05µM DT for 30min before vitrification resulted in significantly higher (P<0.05) rates of oocyte survival and cleavage after IVF, as well as subsequent blastocyst rates on Days 7-9 and hatching on Days 8-9, compared with oocytes pretreated with 1...
February 2, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143632/extracellular-like-matrices-and-leukaemia-inhibitory-factor-for-in-vitro-culture-of-human-primordial-follicles
#16
Assiel J Younis, Galit Lerer-Serfaty, Dana Stav, Bethsabee Sabbah, Tzippy Shochat, Gania Kessler-Icekson, Muayad A Zahalka, Michal Shachar-Goldenberg, Avi Ben-Haroush, Benjamin Fisch, Ronit Abir
The possibility of maturing human primordial follicles in vitro would assist fertility restoration without the danger of reseeding malignancies. Leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and certain culture matrices may promote human follicular growth. The present study compared human primordial follicular growth on novel culture matrices, namely human recombinant vitronectin (hrVit), small intestine submucosa (SIS), alginate scaffolds and human recombinant virgin collagen bioengineered in tobacco plant lines (CollPlant)...
February 1, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103468/poly-a-binding-proteins-are-required-for-translational-regulation-in-vertebrate-oocytes-and-early-embryos
#17
Saffet Ozturk, Fatma Uysal
Poly(A)-binding proteins (PABPs) function in the timely regulation of gene expression during oocyte maturation, fertilisation and early embryo development in vertebrates. To this end, PABPs bind to poly(A) tails or specific sequences of maternally stored mRNAs to protect them from degradation and to promote their translational activities. To date, two structurally different PABP groups have been identified: (1) cytoplasmic PABPs, including poly(A)-binding protein, cytoplasmic 1 (PABPC1), embryonic poly(A)-binding protein (EPAB), induced PABP and poly(A)-binding protein, cytoplasmic 3; and (2) nuclear PABPs, namely embryonic poly(A)-binding protein 2 and nuclear poly(A)-binding protein 1...
January 20, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076749/epigenetic-changes-of-hepatic-glucocorticoid-receptor-in-sheep-male-offspring-undernourished-in-utero
#18
Stella Chadio, Basiliki Kotsampasi, Stylliani Taka, Emmanouil Liandris, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Elias Plakokefalos
The aim of this study was to characterise the effects of maternal undernutrition during gestation on hepatic gluconeogenic enzyme gene expression and to determine whether such effects are mediated through epigenetic changes in the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). Pregnant ewes were fed a 50% nutrient-restricted diet from Day 0 to 30 (R1) or from Day 31 to 100 of gestation (R2) or a 100% diet throughout gestation (Control). After parturition lambs were fed to appetite. At 10 months of age offspring were euthanised and livers were removed...
January 12, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063465/maternal-obesity-in-the-rat-impairs-male-offspring-aging-of-the-testicular-antioxidant-defence-system
#19
Claudia J Bautista, Guadalupe L Rodríguez-González, Angélica Morales, Consuelo Lomas-Soria, Fabiola Cruz-Pérez, Luis A Reyes-Castro, Elena Zambrano
A high-fat diet during intrauterine development predisposes offspring (F1) to phenotypic alterations, such as lipid synthesis imbalance and increased oxidative stress, causing changes in male fertility. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of maternal obesity during pregnancy and lactation on antioxidant enzymes in the F1 testes. Female Wistar rats (F0) were fed either a control (C, 5% fat) or an obesogenic (MO, maternal obesity, 25% fat) diet from weaning and throughout subsequent pregnancy and lactation...
January 9, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063464/mitochondrial-ferritin-deficiency-reduces-male-fertility-in-mice
#20
Federica Maccarinelli, Maria Regoni, Fernando Carmona, Maura Poli, Esther G Meyron-Holtz, Paolo Arosio
Mitochondrial ferritin (FtMt) is a functional ferritin targeted to mitochondria that is highly expressed in the testis. To investigate the role of FtMt in the testis we set up a series of controlled matings between FtMt gene-deletion mice (FtMt-/-) with FtMt+/+ mice. We found that the number of newborns per litter and the fertility rate were strongly reduced for the FtMt-/- males, but not for the females, indicating that FtMt has an important role for male fertility. The morphology of the testis and of the spermatozoa of FtMt-/- mice was normal and we did not detect alterations in sperm parameters or in oxidative stress indices...
January 9, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
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