journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Reproduction, Fertility, and Development

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193317/identification-of-differentially-expressed-placental-transcripts-during-multiple-gestations-in-the-eurasian-beaver-castor-fiber-l
#1
A Lipka, L Paukszto, M Majewska, J P Jastrzebski, K Myszczynski, G Panasiewicz, B Szafranska
The Eurasian beaver is one of the largest rodents that, despite its high impact on the environment, is a non-model species that lacks a reference genome. Characterising genes critical for pregnancy outcome can serve as a basis for identifying mechanisms underlying effective reproduction, which is required for the success of endangered species conservation programs. In the present study, high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was used to analyse global changes in the Castor fiber subplacenta transcriptome during multiple pregnancy...
February 14, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193316/polydatin-improves-the-developmental-competence-of-bovine-embryos-in-vitro-via-induction-of-sirtuin-1-sirt1
#2
Imran Khan, Sung Woo Kim, Kyung-Lim Lee, Seok-Hwan Song, Ayman Mesalam, M M R Chowdhury, Zia Uddin, Ki Hun Park, Il-Keun Kong
The aim of the present study was to investigate the beneficial effect of polydatin (PD), the glycoside form of resveratrol, on embryo development in vitro. Oocytes were aspirated from ovaries of Korean Hanwoo cows and cultured until Day 8 in a humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2 in air at 38.5°C. Protein and gene expression levels were determined through confocal microscopy and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction respectively, whereas the number of total and apoptotic cells in Day 8 blastocysts was determined using Hoechst 33342 staining and terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-digoxigenin nick end-labelling...
February 14, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190421/sperm-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-type-a-receptor-delta-subunit-gabrd-and-its-interaction-with-purinergic-p2x2-receptors-in-progesterone-induced-acrosome-reaction-and-male-fertility
#3
Wenming Xu, Ke Wang, Yan Chen, Xiao Tong Liang, Mei Kuen Yu, Huanxun Yue, M Louise Tierney
The mechanism underlying the non-genomic action of progesterone in sperm functions and related Ca2+ mobilisation remains elusive. Herein we report the expression of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor delta subunit (GABRD) in human and rodent sperm and its involvement in mediating the progesterone-induced acrosome reaction. GABRD was localised in the sperm head/neck region. A δ(392-422)-specific inhibitory peptide against GABRD blocked the progesterone-induced acrosome reaction and the associated increase in intracellular Ca2+...
February 13, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182865/restoration-of-immune-and-renal-function-in-aged-females-by-re-establishment-of-active-ovarian-function
#4
Rhett L Peterson, Kate C Parkinson, Jeffrey B Mason
Proper immune functioning is necessary to maximize reproductive success. In addition, age-associated uremia in women is often associated with hypothalamic--pituitary-gonadal dysfunction. In the present experiments, we tested immune and renal function to determine if exposure of postreproductive mice to young, reproductively cycling ovaries would influence non-reproductive physiological functions. Control female CBA/J mice were evaluated at 6, 13 and 16 months of age. Additional mice received new (60-day-old) ovaries at 12 months of age and were evaluated at 16 months of age...
February 10, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171739/in-vitro-addition-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-improves-the-quality-of-cooled-but-not-frozen-thawed-stallion-semen
#5
D M Silva, S A Holden, A Lyons, J C Souza, S Fair
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of the addition of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the in vitro quality of cooled and frozen-thawed stallion semen. In Experiment 1, semen from 10 stallions was collected (three ejaculates per stallion). Semen was diluted to 100×106 spermatozoa mL-1 with 0.02mM vitamin E (VE) and 0, 1, 10 or 20ng mL-1 DHA and frozen. Semen was thawed and total motility (TM), rapid progressive motility (PM), acrosome integrity, membrane fluidity and morphology were assessed...
February 8, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152377/gene-specific-profiling-of-dna-methylation-and-mrna-expression-in-bovine-oocytes-derived-from-follicles-of-different-size-categories
#6
F Mattern, J Heinzmann, D Herrmann, A Lucas-Hahn, T Haaf, H Niemann
Epigenetic changes, such as DNA methylation, play an essential role in the acquisition of full developmental competence by mammalian oocytes during the late follicular growth phase. Here we used the bovine model to investigate the DNA methylation profiles of seven candidate genes (imprinted: bH19, bSNRPN; non-imprinted: bZAR1, bDNMT3A, bOCT4, bDNMT3 Lo and bDNMT3 Ls) and the mRNA expression of nine candidate genes (imprinted: bSNRPN, bPEG3, bIGF2R; non-imprinted: bPRDX1, bDNMT1B, bDNMT3A, bZAR1, bHSF1 and bNLRP9) in oocytes from antral follicles of three different size classes (≤2mm, 3-5mm, ≥6mm) to unravel the epigenetic contribution to this process...
February 3, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147214/microtubule-stabilisers-docetaxel-and-paclitaxel-reduce-spindle-damage-and-maintain-the-developmental-competence-of-in-vitro-mature-bovine-oocytes-during-vitrification
#7
Jakkhaphan Pitchayapipatkul, Tamás Somfai, Satoko Matoba, Rangsan Parnpai, Takashi Nagai, Masaya Geshi, Thevin Vongpralub
This study compared the efficacy of docetaxel (DT) and paclitaxel (PT) in reducing spindle damage during vitrification and maintaining the developmental competence of in vitro-matured (IVM) bovine oocytes after vitrification and warming. Pretreatment of IVM oocytes with 0.05µM DT for 30min before vitrification resulted in significantly higher (P<0.05) rates of oocyte survival and cleavage after IVF, as well as subsequent blastocyst rates on Days 7-9 and hatching on Days 8-9, compared with oocytes pretreated with 1...
February 2, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143632/extracellular-like-matrices-and-leukaemia-inhibitory-factor-for-in-vitro-culture-of-human-primordial-follicles
#8
Assiel J Younis, Galit Lerer-Serfaty, Dana Stav, Bethsabee Sabbah, Tzippy Shochat, Gania Kessler-Icekson, Muayad A Zahalka, Michal Shachar-Goldenberg, Avi Ben-Haroush, Benjamin Fisch, Ronit Abir
The possibility of maturing human primordial follicles in vitro would assist fertility restoration without the danger of reseeding malignancies. Leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and certain culture matrices may promote human follicular growth. The present study compared human primordial follicular growth on novel culture matrices, namely human recombinant vitronectin (hrVit), small intestine submucosa (SIS), alginate scaffolds and human recombinant virgin collagen bioengineered in tobacco plant lines (CollPlant)...
February 1, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103468/poly-a-binding-proteins-are-required-for-translational-regulation-in-vertebrate-oocytes-and-early-embryos
#9
Saffet Ozturk, Fatma Uysal
Poly(A)-binding proteins (PABPs) function in the timely regulation of gene expression during oocyte maturation, fertilisation and early embryo development in vertebrates. To this end, PABPs bind to poly(A) tails or specific sequences of maternally stored mRNAs to protect them from degradation and to promote their translational activities. To date, two structurally different PABP groups have been identified: (1) cytoplasmic PABPs, including poly(A)-binding protein, cytoplasmic 1 (PABPC1), embryonic poly(A)-binding protein (EPAB), induced PABP and poly(A)-binding protein, cytoplasmic 3; and (2) nuclear PABPs, namely embryonic poly(A)-binding protein 2 and nuclear poly(A)-binding protein 1...
January 20, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076749/epigenetic-changes-of-hepatic-glucocorticoid-receptor-in-sheep-male-offspring-undernourished-in-utero
#10
Stella Chadio, Basiliki Kotsampasi, Stylliani Taka, Emmanouil Liandris, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Elias Plakokefalos
The aim of this study was to characterise the effects of maternal undernutrition during gestation on hepatic gluconeogenic enzyme gene expression and to determine whether such effects are mediated through epigenetic changes in the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). Pregnant ewes were fed a 50% nutrient-restricted diet from Day 0 to 30 (R1) or from Day 31 to 100 of gestation (R2) or a 100% diet throughout gestation (Control). After parturition lambs were fed to appetite. At 10 months of age offspring were euthanised and livers were removed...
January 12, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063465/maternal-obesity-in-the-rat-impairs-male-offspring-aging-of-the-testicular-antioxidant-defence-system
#11
Claudia J Bautista, Guadalupe L Rodríguez-González, Angélica Morales, Consuelo Lomas-Soria, Fabiola Cruz-Pérez, Luis A Reyes-Castro, Elena Zambrano
A high-fat diet during intrauterine development predisposes offspring (F1) to phenotypic alterations, such as lipid synthesis imbalance and increased oxidative stress, causing changes in male fertility. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of maternal obesity during pregnancy and lactation on antioxidant enzymes in the F1 testes. Female Wistar rats (F0) were fed either a control (C, 5% fat) or an obesogenic (MO, maternal obesity, 25% fat) diet from weaning and throughout subsequent pregnancy and lactation...
January 9, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063464/mitochondrial-ferritin-deficiency-reduces-male-fertility-in-mice
#12
Federica Maccarinelli, Maria Regoni, Fernando Carmona, Maura Poli, Esther G Meyron-Holtz, Paolo Arosio
Mitochondrial ferritin (FtMt) is a functional ferritin targeted to mitochondria that is highly expressed in the testis. To investigate the role of FtMt in the testis we set up a series of controlled matings between FtMt gene-deletion mice (FtMt-/-) with FtMt+/+ mice. We found that the number of newborns per litter and the fertility rate were strongly reduced for the FtMt-/- males, but not for the females, indicating that FtMt has an important role for male fertility. The morphology of the testis and of the spermatozoa of FtMt-/- mice was normal and we did not detect alterations in sperm parameters or in oxidative stress indices...
January 9, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997335/intrafollicular-oestradiol-production-expression-of-the-lh-receptor-lhr-gene-and-its-isoforms-and-early-follicular-deviation-in-bos-indicus
#13
S Wohlres-Viana, E K N Arashiro, M A Machado, L S A Camargo, L G B Siqueira, M P Palhao, J H M Viana
The aim of the present study was to characterise the roles of intrafollicular oestradiol production and granulosa cell (GC) expression of the LH receptor (LHR) gene and its isoforms during follicular deviation in Bos indicus. Follicular wave emergence was synchronised in heifers from a Bos taurus dairy (Holstein; n=10) and a B. indicus dairy breed (Gir; n=10). Follicles were aspirated individually at sizes corresponding to the periods of predeviation, deviation and postdeviation. Intrafollicular oestradiol (IF-E2) and progesterone (IF-P4) concentrations were determined in the follicular fluid (FF) by radioimmunoassay, and relative expression of P450 aromatase (CYP19A1) and LHR forms was evaluated in GC using real-time quantitative-polymerase chain reaction...
December 21, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997334/ontogeny-of-clock-and-kiss-1-metastasis-suppressor-kiss1-gene-expression-in-the-prepubertal-mouse-hypothalamus
#14
Cassandra C Yap, Peter J Mark, Brendan J Waddell, Jeremy T Smith
Kisspeptin is crucial for the generation of the circadian-gated preovulatory gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-LH surge in female rodents, with expression in the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV) peaking in the late afternoon of pro-oestrus. Given kisspeptin expression is established before puberty, the aim of the present study was to investigate kisspeptin and clock gene rhythms during the neonatal period. Anterior and posterior hypothalami were collected from C57BL/6J mice on Postnatal Days (P) 5, 15 and 25, at six time points across 24h, for analysis of gene expression by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
December 21, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977389/gel-coated-tubes-extend-above-freezing-storage-of-honey-bee-apis-mellifera-semen-to-439-days-with-production-of-fertilised-offspring
#15
Brandon K Hopkins, Susan W Cobey, Charles Herr, Walter S Sheppard
Honey bees are an important agricultural species; however, relatively little work has been done to improve artificial reproductive technologies for this animal. The collection and distribution of germplasm for breeding and conservation is critical for improving managed honey bee populations and conserving threatened subspecies. The most efficient method of controlling breeding in honey bees is by artificial insemination. The collection of semen for insemination requires the use of antibiotics, which is especially critical if semen is to be stored for any length of time...
December 16, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938627/modulation-of-adiponectin-system-expression-in-the-porcine-uterus-during-early-pregnancy-by-prostaglandin-e2-and-f2
#16
Kamil Dobrzyn, Nina Smolinska, Karol Szeszko, Marta Kiezun, Anna Maleszka, Tadeusz Kaminski
Studies have demonstrated that adiponectin could be a link between reproductive functions and energy metabolism in animals. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of prostaglandin (PG) E2 and PGF2α (10, 50, 100, 250 and 500ngmL-1) on the expression and secretion of adiponectin and its receptor genes and proteins by cultured in vitro porcine endometrial and myometrial tissues on Days 10-28 of pregnancy and Days 10-11 of the oestrous cycle. The gene expression was analysed using the real-time PCR method...
December 12, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938626/prepartum-maternal-diets-supplemented-with-oilseeds-alter-the-fatty-acid-profile-in-bovine-neonatal-plasma-possibly-through-reduced-placental-expression-of-fatty-acid-transporter-protein-4-and-fatty-acid-translocase
#17
Reza Salehi, Divakar J Ambrose
In the present study, we determined the effects of maternal dietary fat and the type of fat on plasma fatty acids and the expression of placental fatty acid transporter genes. In Experiment 1, Holstein cows in the last 35 days of gestation received diets containing sunflower seed (n=8; high in linoleic acid (LA)), canola seed (n=7; high in oleic acid (OLA)) or no oilseed (n=7; control). Fatty acids were quantified in dam and neonate plasma at calving. In Experiment 2, placental cotyledons were collected (LA: n=4; OLA: n=4; control: n=5) to quantify gene expression...
December 12, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938625/presence-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-during-the-first-half-of-ivm-improves-the-meiotic-and-developmental-competence-of-porcine-oocytes-from-small-follicles
#18
Tra M T Bui, Khánh X Nguyễn, Asako Karata, Pilar Ferré, Minh T Trần, Takuya Wakai, Hiroaki Funahashi
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on the meiotic and developmental competence of porcine oocytes from small follicles (SF; 0.5-3mm diameter). When cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) from medium-sized follicles (MF; 3-6mm diameter) and SF were cultured for IVM, the maturation rates were significantly higher for oocytes from MF than SF. Concentrations of VEGF in the medium were significantly higher for COCs cultured from MF than SF. When COCs from SF were exposed to 200ngmL-1 VEGF during the first 20h of IVM, the maturation rate improved significantly and was similar to that of oocytes derived from MF...
December 12, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918728/cholesterol-metabolism-in-rabbit-blastocysts-under-maternal-diabetes
#19
S Mareike Pendzialek, Maria Schindler, Torsten Plösch, Jacqueline Gürke, Elisa Haucke, Stefanie Hecht, Bernd Fischer, Anne Navarrete Santos
In the rabbit reproductive model, maternal experimentally induced insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (expIDD) leads to accumulation of lipid droplets in blastocysts. Cholesterol metabolism is a likely candidate to explain such metabolic changes. Therefore, in the present study we analysed maternal and embryonic cholesterol concentrations and expression of related genes in vivo (diabetic model) and in vitro (embryo culture in hyperglycaemic medium). In pregnant expIDD rabbits, the serum composition of lipoprotein subfractions was changed, with a decrease in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and an increase in very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; in uterine fluid, total cholesterol concentrations were elevated...
December 6, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918727/the-current-state-of-reproductive-biology-research-in-australia-and-new-zealand-core-themes-from-the-society-for-reproductive-biology-annual-meeting-2016
#20
L K Akison, P H Andraweera, M J Bertoldo, H M Brown, J S M Cuffe, T Fullston, O Holland, J E Schjenken
Because reproduction is essential for all life, it is central to our understanding of all aspects of biology. The Society for Reproductive Biology (SRB) 2016 conference held on the Gold Coast (Qld, Australia) displayed the current breadth of reproductive research in Australia and New Zealand, with additional insights from world leaders in the field. This conference review provides a focused summary of the key questions, emerging ideas and novel technologies that were presented in the symposia. Presented research demonstrated key advances in how stem cell biology may allow us to better understand pluripotency, as well as how environmental and lifestyle factors, such as circadian disruption, smoking, alcohol and diet, affect gametogenesis, embryo implantation, placental function and reproductive capacity...
December 6, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
journal
journal
30117
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"