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Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972849/-imitation-is-the-sincerest-of-flattery-%C3%A2-except-when-it-negatively-impacts-canine-and-client-welfare
#1
LETTER
Gail K Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972848/reply-to-the-letter-le-scientisme-c-est-la-pr%C3%A3-tention-indue-au-monopole-de-v%C3%A3-rit%C3%A3-alors-que-le-propre-de-la-science-c-est-de-dire-il-n-y-a-pas-de-monopole-edgar-morin
#2
LETTER
Bart J G Broeckx, Aldo Vezzoni, Evelien Bogaerts, Mileva Bertal, Tim Bosmans, Emmelie Stock, Dieter Deforce, Luc Peelman, Jimmy H Saunders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29954014/getting-to-grips-with-cruciate-ligament-disease
#3
Kenneth A Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925093/use-of-synthetic-osteochondral-implants-to-treat-bilateral-shoulder-osteochondritis-dissecans-in-a-dog
#4
Alan Danielski, Michael Farrell
CASE DESCRIPTION:  An 8-month-old American Bulldog was presented for assessment of bilateral thoracic limb lameness. Computed tomographic imaging revealed large, deep osteochondritis dissecans lesions in both humeral heads. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME:  The osteochondritis dissecans lesions were debrided and the exposed subchondral defects were prepared to receive synthetic grafts. Circular implants consisting of a surface layer of polycarbonate urethane and a deep layer of lattice-type titanium were implanted into the osteochondral defects to reconstruct the articular surface topography...
June 20, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925092/bilateral-radial-agenesis-in-a-cat-treated-with-bilateral-ulnocarpal-arthrodesis
#5
Alla Bezhentseva, Harpreet Singh, Randy J Boudrieau
OBJECTIVE:  This article describes corrective antebrachiocarpal re-alignment and arthrodesis for bilateral radial hemimelia (radial agenesis) in an 8-month-old domestic short-haired cat. METHODS:  Bilateral forelimb deformity of ulnocarpal varus with complete luxation and rotation of the antebrachiocarpal joint spaces, and joint contracture, was observed. Several carpal bones and metacarpal bones I and II and their associated phalanges were absent. Abnormal ambulation and weight bearing on the dorsolateral part of the manus were present...
June 20, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908523/radiographic-study-of-haematogenous-septic-arthritis-in-dairy-calves
#6
Caroline Constant, Isabelle Masseau, Marie Babkine, Sylvain Nichols, David Francoz, Gilles Fecteau, Emma Marchionatti, Helene Larde, Andre Desrochers
OBJECTIVES:  (1) To develop an evaluation grid to provide a systematic interpretation of calves' articular radiographs, (2) to describe radiographic lesions of septic arthritis in dairy calves less than 6 months of age, (3) to investigate potential associations between demographic data or synovial bacteriological culture results and radiographic lesions (4) to determine whether an association is present between radiographic lesions, their severity and the long-term outcome. METHODS:  Medical records of 54 calves less than 180 days old treated for septic arthritis between 2009 and 2014 with radiographic images performed in the first 2 days after admission were reviewed...
June 16, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908522/management-of-complete-talocrural-luxations-by-selective-talocrural-arthrodesis-using-hybrid-transarticular-external-skeletal-fixation-in-dogs
#7
Cenk Yardımcı, Taylan Önyay, Kamil S İnal, Deniz B Özbakır, Ahmet Özak
OBJECTIVE:  This article presents a novel surgical technique in the management of open complete talocrural luxations and evaluates the results, and clinical benefits with its routine clinical utilization. STUDY DESIGN:  Retrospective study. ANIMALS:  Seventeen medium- or large-breed client-owned dogs of different breed, age and sex with complete talocrural luxations and radiographic follow-up of at least 24 weeks duration. METHOD:  Selective talocrural arthrodesis was performed by using a hybrid transarticular external skeletal fixator frame...
June 16, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890537/sonoelastographic-features-of-the-patellar-ligament-in-clinically-normal-dogs
#8
Angela P Piccionello, Daniele Serrani, Valeria Busoni, Alberto Salvaggio, Mattia Bonazzi, Chiara Bergamino, Antonella Volta
OBJECTIVE:  This article describes the sonoelastographic features of the patellar ligament of sound dogs and tests feasibility, reproducibility and repeatability. METHODS:  Clinically healthy medium-to-large breed dogs were enrolled. Sonoelastographic images of the patellar ligaments were obtained in lateral recumbency with the stifle flexed by an experienced operator and by a senior veterinary student. The elasticity colour map included red (soft), green (intermediate) and blue (hard)...
June 11, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890536/comparison-of-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-and-silver-coated-foam-dressings-in-open-wound-treatment-in-dogs-a-prospective-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Mirja C Nolff, Rebecca Albert, Sven Reese, Andrea Meyer-Lindenberg
OBJECTIVES:  To evaluate negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) for treatment of complicated wounds in dogs. STUDY TYPE:  Prospective randomized clinical study MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Dogs ( n  = 26) undergoing open-wound treatment were randomly assigned to one of two groups: Group A ( n  = 13) NPWT; Group B ( n  = 13) silver-coated foam dressing. Pairs of patients were matched based on wound conformation, localization, and underlying cause and compared in terms of duration of previous treatment, development of wound size (wound planimetry), time to closure, bacterial bio-burden and complications...
June 11, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890535/use-of-the-animal-trauma-triage-score-ribscore-modified-ribscore-and-other-clinical-factors-for-prognostication-in-canine-rib-fractures
#10
Daniel McCarthy, Lenore Bacek, Kyoung Kim, George Miller, Philippe Gaillard, Kendon Kuo
OBJECTIVES:  To characterize the clinical features among dogs sustaining rib fractures and to determine if age, type and severity of injury, entry blood lactate, trauma score and rib fracture score were associated with outcome. METHODS:  A retrospective study was performed to include dogs that were presented with rib fractures. Risk factors evaluation included breed, age, body weight, diagnosis, presence of a flail chest, bandage use, puncture wound presence, rib fracture number, location of the fracture along the thoracic wall, hospital stay length, body weight, other fractures, pleural effusion, pulmonary contusions, pneumothorax and occurrence of an anaesthetic event...
June 11, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890534/effect-of-tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomy-on-cranial-tibial-subluxation-in-the-feline-cranial-cruciate-deficient-stifle-joint-an-ex-vivo-experimental-study
#11
A Bilmont, M Retournard, E Asimus, S Palierne, A Autefage
OBJECTIVES:  This study evaluated the effects of tibial plateau levelling osteotomy on cranial tibial subluxation and tibial rotation angle in a model of feline cranial cruciate ligament deficient stifle joint. METHODS:  Quadriceps and gastrocnemius muscles were simulated with cables, turnbuckles and a spring in an ex vivo limb model. Cranial tibial subluxation and tibial rotation angle were measured radiographically before and after cranial cruciate ligament section, and after tibial plateau levelling osteotomy, at postoperative tibial plateau angles of +5°, 0° and -5°...
June 11, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864767/computed-tomography-findings-of-pigmented-villonodular-synovitis-in-a-dog
#12
Lara M Dempsey, Thomas W Maddox, Thelma Meiring, Brandan Wustefeld-Janssens, Eithne J Comerford
Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare benign and usually monoarticular neoplastic lesion arising from the synovium, bursae and tendon sheaths in humans, horses and dogs. Categorization for PVNS in humans includes localized and diffuse forms of PVNS and tenosynovial giant cell tumour (TGCT), although histologically they are the same. The localized form is characterized by discrete nodular lesions, the diffuse form is often intra-articular, infiltrative, affecting the entire synovium with more aggressive behaviour and TGCT occurs along tendon sheaths...
June 4, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859514/magnetic-resonance-imaging-assessment-of-intra-articular-structures-in-the-canine-stifle-joint-after-implantation-of-a-titanium-tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomy-plate
#13
Christian Feichtenschlager, Martin Gerwing, Klaus Failing, Christine Peppler, Andreas Kása, Martin Kramer, Kerstin H von Pückler
OBJECTIVES:  To determine the effectiveness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the evaluation of anatomical stifle structures with respect to implant positioning after tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) using a titanium plate. METHODS:  Selected sagittal and dorsal sequences of pre- and postoperative MRI (1.0 T scanner) of 13 paired ( n  = 26) sound cadaveric stifle joints were evaluated. The effect of susceptibility artifact on adjacent anatomical stifle structures was graded from 0 to 5...
June 2, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859513/intra-and-inter-observer-variability-of-measurements-of-the-laxity-index-on-stress-radiographs-performed-with-the-vezzoni-modified-badertscher-hip-distension-device
#14
Mileva Bertal, Aldo Vezzoni, Blandine Houdellier, Evelien Bogaerts, Emmelie Stock, Ingeborgh Polis, Dieter Deforce, Jimmy H Saunders, Bart J G Broeckx
OBJECTIVES:  To describe and evaluate the accuracy, intra- and inter-observer variability of the laxity index (LI), used to quantify hip laxity on stress radiographs obtained with the Vezzoni-modified Badertscher distension device (VMBDD). METHODS:  Stress radiographs of 10 dogs obtained with the VMBDD were measured three times by an experienced observer. Six participants with different backgrounds (two ECVDI residents, two PhD students, two veterinary assistants) followed a short presentation and performed subsequently the measurements four times in two separate sessions...
June 2, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859512/isolated-avulsion-of-the-tendon-of-insertion-of-the-infraspinatus-and-supraspinatus-muscles-in-five-juvenile-labrador-retrievers
#15
Karoliina Mikola, Alessandro Piras, Laura Hakala
CASE HISTORY:  Five juvenile Labrador Retrievers between the ages of 6 and 8 months were presented to our referral centres with a history of intermittent forelimb lameness. CLINICAL EXAMINATION:  The clinical examination revealed the presence of bilateral orthopaedic problems in four out of five cases. DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING FINDINGS:  Radiographic and computed tomography examinations showed the presence of a radiolucent defect corresponding to the area of insertion of the infraspinatus or supraspinatus tendons on the proximal humerus...
June 2, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859511/temporary-segmental-distraction-in-a-dog-with-degenerative-lumbosacral-stenosis
#16
Nicole Willems, Roel F M R Kersten, Steven M van Gaalen, F Cumhur Öner, Gustav J Strijkers, Stefanie Veraa, Martijn Beukers, Marianna A Tryfonidou, Björn P Meij
OBJECTIVES:  Degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLSS) is characterized by intervertebral disc degeneration and causes lower back pain in dogs. Temporary distraction in rabbit models with induced intervertebral disc degeneration showed signs of intervertebral disc repair. In the present study, we assessed safety and efficacy of temporary segmental distraction in a dog with clinical signs of DLSS. METHODS:  Distraction of the lumbosacral junction by pedicle screw-rod fixation was applied in a 5-year-old Greyhound with DLSS and evaluated by radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and force plate analysis before and after distraction...
June 2, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723878/biomechanical-comparison-between-preloaded-position-screw-and-lag-screw-fixations-for-their-compressive-effects-in-a-porcine-rib-fracture-model
#17
Ya-Pei Chang, Chi-Yuan Ho, Chao-Chang Chen, Lih-Seng Yeh
OBJECTIVES:  The aim of this study was to compare the compressive effect between preloaded position screws and lag screws in fracture fixation. METHODS:  Pairs of semi-cylindrical bone fragments were created on a porcine rib model to simulate fractured bones. The compressive forces of fracture fixation generated by preloaded position screws (P group) and conventional lag screws (L group) were recorded by a film stress sensor. In the P group, a pair of Angus bone holding forceps was used to compress the interfragmentary interface until reaching the preloading force of 1...
May 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723877/effect-of-bipolar-radiofrequency-energy-on-canine-stifle-joint-fluid-temperature
#18
Koji Aoki, Cheryl L Waldner, Suresh Sathya, Cindy Shmon
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of bipolar radiofrequency (RF) energy on canine stifle joint fluid temperature. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A standard stifle arthroscopy was performed on 15 canine large breed cadaveric stifle joints. A bipolar RF (VAPR III, 2.3-mm side effect electrode; Depuy Mitek, Raynham, Massachusetts, United States) unit was activated in the joint (1) with or without direct tissue contact, (2) with or without additional 18-gauge needle outflow and (3) for 15 and 30 seconds...
May 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684921/clinical-efficacy-of-bone-reconstruction-surgery-with-frozen-cortical-bone-allografts-for-nonunion-of-radial-and-ulnar-fractures-in-toy-breed-dogs
#19
Shuntaro Munakata, Yukari Nagahiro, Daichi Katori, Norihiro Muroi, Hiroyuki Akagi, Nobuo Kanno, Yasuji Harada, Shinya Yamaguchi, Kei Hayashi, Yasushi Hara
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the effectiveness of frozen cortical bone allografts (FCBA) in the treatment of severe radial and ulnar atrophic nonunion fractures. ANIMALS:  Toy breed dogs with nonunion of radial and ulnar fractures ( n  = 15). METHODS:  Severe atrophic nonunion fractures were treated with FCBA (eight infected and seven non-infected fractures). Radiographs obtained immediately after surgery, and 1, 2, 3, 6 and 12 months later were evaluated and scored for the periosteal reaction at the bone regeneration sites, the healing process in the bone connection areas at both the proximal and distal sites, and the bone remodelling process within the allografts...
May 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684920/comparison-between-hemilaminectomy-with-either-anulectomy-or-partial-discectomy-for-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disc-protrusion-in-dogs
#20
Abbe H Crawford, Steven De Decker
OBJECTIVES:  The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of dogs undergoing a hemilaminectomy with anulectomy (HA) or a hemilaminectomy with partial discectomy (HPD) for treatment of thoracolumbar intervertebral disc protrusion. METHODS:  Medical records from 2006 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Dogs were included if they had clinical signs and imaging findings consistent with thoracolumbar intervertebral disc protrusion and had undergone surgical treatment with a HA or HPD...
May 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
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