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Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474730/three-dimensional-kinematics-of-the-equine-metacarpophalangeal-joint-using-x-ray-reconstruction-of-moving-morphology-a-pilot-study
#1
Bronwen A Childs, Brenna R Pugliese, Cristina T Carballo, Daniel L Miranda, Elizabeth L Brainerd, Carl A Kirker-Head
X-ray reconstruction of moving morphology (XROMM) uses biplanar videoradiography and computed tomography (CT) scanning to capture three-dimensional (3D) bone motion. In XROMM, morphologically accurate 3D bone models derived from CT are animated with motion from videoradiography, yielding a highly accurate and precise reconstruction of skeletal kinematics. We employ this motion analysis technique to characterize metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) motion in the absence and presence of protective legwear in a healthy pony...
May 5, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474728/pelvic-limb-alignment-measured-by-computed-tomography-in-purebred-english-bulldogs-with-medial-patellar-luxation
#2
Filippo Lusetti, Andrea Bonardi, Chadi Eid, Anna Brandstetter De Bellesini, Filippo Maria Martini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe the differences in pelvic limb alignment between healthy purebred English Bulldogs and those with medial patellar luxation through the measurement of femoral and tibial angles on computed tomography images in multiplanar reconstruction modality (MPR-CT). METHODS: Twenty-one purebred English Bulldogs were included and divided into two groups: one including healthy dogs (15 limbs) and the other including those with medial patellar luxation (24 limbs)...
May 5, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393962/surgical-stabilization-of-concomitant-canine-medial-patellar-luxation-and-cranial-cruciate-ligament-disease-effect-of-fixation-method-on-postoperative-complication-rate-and-clinical-outcome
#3
Albane H Fauron, Mieghan Bruce, Daniel R James, Mark A Owen, Karen L Perry
OBJECTIVES: To compare complication rates and outcomes between cases of concomitant cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) disease and medial patellar luxation (MPL) treated using extracapsular stabilization and tibial tuberosity transposition (ECS+TTT) and tibial tuberosity transposition and advancement (TTTA). METHODS: In a multicentre retrospective study, records from four referral hospitals were reviewed for dogs with concomitant CrCL pathology and MPL treated using ECS+TTT or TTTA...
April 10, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393960/proximal-tibial-metaphyseal-fractures-in-immature-dogs
#4
Lauren Deahl, Ron Ben-Amotz, Ana V Caceres, Kimberly A Agnello
OBJECTIVE: To describe proximal tibial metaphyseal fractures in immature dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of immature dogs with metaphyseal fractures of the proximal tibia were reviewed and data were collected on signalment and history of trauma. Craniocaudal and mediolateral radiographs were evaluated for the determination of the bones fractured, location of the fracture within the bone, fracture configuration, and the presence of fracture segment displacement and angulation...
April 10, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331933/conformation-of-the-proximal-tibia-and-cranial-cruciate-ligament-disease-in-small-breed-dogs
#5
Jan Janovec, Michal Kyllar, Duncan Midgley, Martin Owen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the conformation of the proximal tibia in small breed dogs with and without cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD) and to identify morphologic abnormalities that may predispose to development of CCLD. METHODS: Mediolateral radiographs of the entire tibia of dogs <15 kg with surgically confirmed CCLD were retrospectively evaluated. Proximal tibial width (PTW), tibial plateau length (TPL), tibial plateau angle as described by Slocum and Slocum (sTPA), proximal tibial tuberosity angle (PTTA), tibial plateau angle as described by Inauen and colleagues (nTPA), and diaphyseal tibial width (DTW) were measured...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331931/cranial-thoracic-vertebral-canal-stenosis-in-three-juvenile-large-breed-brachycephalic-dogs-treated-by-unilateral-hemilaminectomy
#6
Amanda Miller, Andrew Marchevsky
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical treatment and outcome for juvenile dogs with cranial thoracic vertebral canal stenosis treated by unilateral hemilaminectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. ANIMALS: Three large-breed brachycephalic dogs of various breeds (Dogue de Bordeaux, Australian Bulldog, Boerboel) with neurological signs consistent with a myelopathy of the third thoracic (T) to third lumbar (L) spinal cord segment. METHODS: Information on clinical presentation, diagnostic imaging, surgical procedures, postoperative complications, recovery and outcome is described...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331930/single-cycle-to-failure-in-bending-of-three-titanium-polyaxial-locking-plates
#7
Chadi Eid, Filippo Maria Martini, Andrea Bonardi, Filippo Lusetti, Anna Brandstetter de Belesini, Gianni Nicoletto
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the bending properties in one direction of three titanium polyaxial locking plate systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Polyaxial Advanced Locking System (PAX(®)) straight plate (PAX SP), the PAX(®) reconstruction plate (PAX RP), and the VetLOX reconstruction plates (VetLOX) were evaluated individually and as constructs applied to a bone model simulating a fracture gap and compared using a two-way analysis of variance and Tukey post-hoc analysis...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331928/computed-tomographic-evaluation-of-femoral-and-tibial-conformation-in-english-staffordshire-bull-terriers-with-and-without-congenital-medial-patellar-luxation
#8
Mark Newman, Katja Voss
OBJECTIVE: To compare hindlimb conformation of English Staffordshire Bull Terriers with and without medial patellar luxation using computed tomography. METHODS: Hindlimb computed tomography (CT) was performed on six English Staffordshire Bull Terriers with grade II or III medial patellar luxation, and six without medial patellar luxation. Inclination angle, femoral condyle trochanteric angle, anteversion angle (AA), distal anteversion angle (DAA), proximal anteversion angle (PAA), femoral varus angle (FVA), tibial valgus angle (TVA), and tibial torsion angle (TTA) were measured...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331927/bilateral-shoulder-arthrodesis-in-a-pekinese-using-three-dimensional-printed-patient-specific-osteotomy-and-reduction-guides
#9
Bill Oxley
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of computer-aided design software for virtual surgical planning and design of three-dimensional printed patient-specific osteotomy and reduction guides for facilitation of bilateral shoulder arthrodesis in a dog. METHODS: A three-year-old male entire Pekinese was presented unable to walk due to bilateral severe medial shoulder instability. Computed tomographic data was processed to yield three-dimensional mesh representations of the humeri and scapulae which could be manipulated in computer-aided design software...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530306/bone-deformity-associated-with-medial-patellar-luxation
#10
Kenneth Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317059/navicular-disease-remembrance-of-things-past
#11
Matthew Stewart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094422/predicting-the-need-for-trochleoplasty-in-canine-patellar-luxation-using-pre-and-intra-operative-assessments-of-trochlear-depth
#12
Julie Skovgaard Orthmand Hansen, Ken Lindeblad, Lene Buelund, James Miles
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of ultrasonographic femoral trochlear depth measurements and to compare ultrasonographic and intra-operative evaluations of femoral trochlear depth for predictive value in selecting trochleoplasty. METHODS: Repeatability and reproducibility of an ultrasonographic protocol were tested in a preclinical cadaveric study. Clinical patients undergoing corrective surgery for patellar luxation were evaluated preoperatively with ultrasound and intra-operatively using a depth gauge...
March 20, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205669/distal-border-synovial-invaginations-of-the-equine-distal-sesamoid-bone-communicate-with-the-distal-interphalangeal-joint
#13
Julien Olive, Marine Videau
OBJECTIVES: Macroscopic studies have suggested a link between distal border synovial invaginations of the navicular bone and the distal interphalangeal joint. However, many practitioners consider that these invaginations are directly and solely related to navicular disease. The objective was to investigate the communication pattern of these synovial invaginations with the synovial compartments of the distal interphalangeal joint and the navicular bursa, using minimally invasive imaging techniques...
February 16, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127618/the-effect-of-valgus-and-varus-femoral-osteotomies-on-measures-of-anteversion-in-the-dog
#14
Rachel W Adams, Brad Gilleland, Farrah Monibi, Samuel P Franklin
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether femoral osteotomies that change frontal plane alignment without affecting torsion influence anteversion and inclination. METHODS: Femurs without deformity were scanned to create three-dimensional reconstructions. The femoral head-neck axis was identified by placement of a virtual intramedullary pin. A proximal osteotomy was simulated to create three conditions while keeping torsion constant: Normal, Coxa Valga (neck-shaft angle increased by 12°), and Coxa Vara (neck-shaft angle decreased by 12°)...
January 27, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127617/an-anatomical-and-histological-study-of-the-equine-proximal-manica-flexoria
#15
Judith A Findley, Emanuele E Ricci, Ellen E Singer
OBJECTIVES: The main aim was to describe the gross and histological appearance of the equine manica flexoria and to identify any differences between the forelimbs and hindlimbs. An additional aim was to relate the findings to diagnostic and surgical anatomy of the manica flexoria. METHODS: Measurements of the manica flexoria were made on cadaveric limbs from horses free from pathology within the digital flexor tendon sheath. Histological sections, stained with haematoxylin and eosin and alcian- periodic acid schiff, were evaluated based on three micro-anatomical zones from dorsal to palmar or plantar...
January 27, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127616/erratum-to-augmentation-of-diaphyseal-fractures-of-the-radius-and-ulna-in-toy-breed-dogs-using-a-free-autogenous-omental-graft-and-bone-plating-by-w-i-baltzer-et-al-vet-comp-orthop-traumatol-2015-28-131-139
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094424/ex-vivo-torsional-properties-of-a-2-5-mm-veterinary-interlocking-nail-system-in-canine-femurs-comparison-with-a-2-4-mm-limited-contact-bone-plate
#17
Aline S Macedo, Noel M M Moens, John Runciman, Tom W G Gibson, Bruno W Minto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the torsional properties of the Targon(®) Vet Nail System (TVS) in small canine femurs and to compare these properties to those of the 2.4 mm LC-DCP(®) plates. METHODS: Thirty-six cadaveric femurs were allocated to three groups (n = 12). In all bones, points just distal to the lesser trochanter and just proximal to the fabellae were marked and a midshaft transverse osteotomy was performed. Group 1: bones were fixed with the 2.5 mm TVS with the bolts applied at the pre-identified marks...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094423/repeatability-and-accuracy-testing-of-a-weight-distribution-platform-and-comparison-to-a-pressure-sensitive-walkway-to-assess-static-weight-distribution
#18
Georgia Bosscher, Andrea Tomas, Simon C Roe, Denis J Marcellin-Little, B Duncan X Lascelles
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy and repeatability of measurements collected using a weight distribution platform and a pressure sensitive walkway using an inanimate object with known weight distribution. METHODS: A custom-built jig with a range of weights was applied in a random order. Measurements were collected on both devices and compared to each other and to the known weight distribution. RESULTS: Weight distribution platform and pressure sensitive walkway measurements were highly correlated to each other (Pearson's correlation coefficient R = 0...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094421/biomechanical-evaluation-of-simulated-feline-patellar-fracture-repairs
#19
Mark Longley, Sorrel Langley-Hobbs, John Tarlton
OBJECTIVE: To investigate four techniques for stabilization of feline patellar fracture. METHODS: Feline cadaveric stifles with simulated patellar fracture were stabilized with one of four techniques: Group A - circumferential wire, group B - figure-of-eight wire, group C - combined figure-of-eight and circumferential wire, group D - pin and tension band wire. All repairs were subjected to a period of cyclic loading prior to load to failure testing. Experiments were recorded by video capture to determine load at failure and failure mode...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094420/evaluation-of-the-optimal-plate-position-for-the-fixation-of-supraglenoid-tubercle-fractures-in-warmbloods
#20
Sina Frei, Hans Geyer, Seamus Hoey, Anton E Fuerst, Andrea S Bischofberger
OBJECTIVES: To determine scapular cortex thickness, distal scapular bone density and describe the exact suprascapular nerve course to evaluate the best plate position for the fixation of supraglenoid tubercle fractures in horses. METHODS: Twelve equine cadaveric shoulders were examined with computed tomography. Computed tomography morphometry and density measurements (Hounsfield units [HU]) of the scapula were recorded. Statistical comparisons were made between the cranial and caudal aspects of the scapula...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
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