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Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325196/ventral-slot-surgery-to-manage-cervical-intervertebral-disc-disease-in-three-cats
#1
Abbe Harper Crawford, Rodolfo Cappello, Akash Alexander, Steven De Decker
OBJECTIVE:  This case series describes the clinical presentation, management and outcome of three cats diagnosed with cervical intervertebral disc disease that underwent decompressive ventral slot surgery. METHODS:  This is a retrospective case series evaluating client-owned cats undergoing a ventral slot surgical procedure to manage cervical intervertebral disc disease (n = 3). RESULTS:  A routine ventral slot surgery was performed in each case without complication, resulting in postoperative neurological improvement in all three cases...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325195/common-calcaneal-tenorrhaphy-revision-using-a-central-gastrocnemius-turnover-aponeurotic-flap-technique-in-a-cat
#2
Fabio Sangion, Filippo Cinti, Guido Pisani
A 5-year-old, male castrated, domestic short hair cat was referred to the authors' clinic because of wound dehiscence and exposure of tendon stumps after tenorrhaphy of the Achilles tendon. Surgical revision was done using an aponeurotic flap taken from the proximal stump of the Achilles tendon and sutured over the two tendon portions. This technique has been described in humans, but, to the authors' knowledge, this has not been reported in cats. Modified type II external fixation was used to maintain the tarsocrural joint in extension until tendon healing was confirmed ultrasonographically 35 days postoperatively...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325194/comparison-of-rotation-force-to-maintain-acetabular-ventroversion-after-double-pelvic-osteotomy-and-2-5-pelvic-osteotomy-in-a-canine-cadaveric-model
#3
Roberto Tamburro, Massimo Petazzoni, Fabio Carli, Micheal P Kowaleski
OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this article was to compare the force required to maintain the acetabular ventroversion after double pelvic osteotomy (DPO) and modified triple pelvic osteotomy (2.5PO). METHODS:  Unilateral DPO (group A) and unilateral modified DPO (group B = 2.5PO) were performed on cadaveric canine pelves (n = 10/group). The twisting moment required to maintain fragment position for DPO and 2.5DPO was compared. RESULTS:  Mean twisting moment for the DPO group [5...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325193/stabilization-of-olecranon-fractures-by-tension-band-wiring-or-plate-osteosynthesis-a-retrospective-study-of-41-cases
#4
Alexandre Fournet, Jean-François Boursier, Solène Corbeau, Adeline Decambron, Véronique Viateau, Pascal Fayolle, Anne-Sophie Bedu, Dimitri Leperlier, Mathieu Manassero
OBJECTIVES:  This article aimed to describe olecranon fracture in dogs and cats and their stabilization with tension band wiring or plate osteosynthesis, and to evaluate complications associated with each technique. METHODS:  Medical records of cats and dogs that had been surgically treated for olecranon fractures with either tension band wiring or plate osteosynthesis were retrospectively reviewed. The surgical technique, complications and long-term outcomes were assessed...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325192/single-transsacral-screw-and-nut-stabilization-of-bilateral-sacroiliac-luxation-in-20-cats
#5
Andrea Pratesi, James M Grierson, Andrew P Moores
OBJECTIVE:  This article aims to describe the use of a single transsacral screw and nut in a cohort of cats with bilateral sacroiliac (SI) luxation and document its radiographic and clinical outcome. METHODS:  Medical records and radiographic studies of cats with bilateral SI luxation managed with a transsacral screw and nut stabilization were reviewed. Short-term follow-up included clinical examination and radiographs. Long-term follow-up was via owner questionnaire...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325191/medium-term-outcome-and-ct-assessment-of-lateral-foraminotomy-at-the-lumbosacral-junction-in-dogs-with-degenerative-lumbosacral-stenosis
#6
Andrew John Worth, Angela Hartman, Janis P Bridges, Boyd R Jones, Joe I G Mayhew
OBJECTIVE:  This article aims to report the medium-term clinical outcome and assess persistence of enlargement of the lumbosacral lateral intervertebral neurovascular foramen using computed tomography (CT) volumetric analysis in dogs following lateral foraminotomy. MATERIALS:  Six dogs that underwent lumbosacral lateral foraminotomy on one or both sides were evaluated with CT prior to, immediately postoperatively (n = 2) and at 12 to 44 months of follow-up...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325190/influence-of-radiographic-positioning-on-canine-sacroiliac-and-lumbosacral-angle-measurements
#7
Susan Jones, Mason Savage, Brian Naughton, Susheela Singh, Ian Robertson, Simon C Roe, Denis J Marcellin-Little, Kyle G Mathews
OBJECTIVES:  To evaluate the influence of radiographic malpositioning on canine sacroiliac and lumbosacral inclination angles. METHODS:  Using canine cadavers, lateral pelvic radiographs were acquired with the radiographic beam in a neutral position and then rotated 5, 10 and 15° to mimic rotational malpositioning. The focal point of the beam was then focused over the abdomen and again over mid-diaphysis of the femur to mimic an abdominal or femoral radiographic study...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325189/comparison-of-three-methods-to-quantify-laxity-in-the-canine-hip-joint
#8
Bart J G Broeckx, Aldo Vezzoni, Evelien Bogaerts, Mileva Bertal, Tim Bosmans, Emmelie Stock, Dieter Deforce, Luc Peelman, Jimmy H Saunders
OBJECTIVES:  Comparison of PennHIP and a novel method to diagnose hip laxity, called the Vezzoni modified Badertscher distension device technique. METHODS:  In a total of 10 dogs, it was first assessed whether the distraction index (DI) from the PennHIP evaluation center could be reproduced by two individual observers. In the next two steps, the DI measurements made by the individual observers and the PennHIP evaluation center were compared with the laxity index (LI) measured on the Vezzoni modified Badertscher distension device view...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325188/comparison-of-radiographic-measurements-of-the-femur-in-yorkshire-terriers-with-and-without-medial-patellar-luxation
#9
Michal Žilinčík, Marián Hluchý, Ladislav Takáč, Valent Ledecký
OBJECTIVE:  This article aimed to compare measurements of anatomical angles of the femurs, based on radiography, in Yorkshire Terriers without or with various grades of medial patellar luxation (MPL) based on radiography. METHODS:  The skeletally mature Yorkshire Terrier dogs without MPL and with various grades of MPL were included in this prospective study. Cases with other orthopaedic disorders were excluded. For inclusion of the dog, it was required that standardized digital radiographs of both femurs in craniocaudal and axial directions were available...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325187/in-vivo-evaluation-of-biodegradability-and-biocompatibility-of-fe30mn-alloy
#10
Marine Traverson, Michael Heiden, Lia A Stanciu, Eric A Nauman, Yava Jones-Hall, Gert J Breur
OBJECTIVES:  This study aims to evaluate the biodegradability and biocompatibility of an alloy of iron and manganese (Fe30Mn) in a bone model in vivo. METHODS:  Resorption of a Fe30Mn wire was compared with traditional permanent 316L stainless steel (SS) wire after bilateral transcondylar femoral implantation in 12 rats. Evaluation of biodegradation over 6 months was performed using radiography, post-mortem histology and microscopic implant surface analysis...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325186/qualitative-and-quantitative-radiological-measures-of-fracture-healing
#11
John R Field, Greg R Ruthenbeck
The formulation of appropriate postoperative strategies, following fracture repair, currently involves an understanding of radiological and clinical outcome measures. This study has evaluated several modalities used to assess the progression of bone healing in a sheep tibial segmental defect model. Measures of defect optical density and volumetric data including bone density (BD), bone volume (BV) and bone mass (BM) were compared with qualitative data involving visual appraisal of radiographs [% bridging callus and modified radiographic union score tibia (mRUST)] and a clinical outcome measure (locomotory function)...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325185/plans-for-a-new-online-open-access-journal-vcot-open
#12
Kenneth A Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202509/locking-t-plate-repair-of-ilial-fractures-in-cats-and-small-dogs
#13
Andrew B Scrimgeour, Andrew Craig, Philip G Witte
Objectives To assess screw loosening and pelvic narrowing following the use of locking implants to stabilise ilial body fractures in cats and small dogs. Methods Review of clinical records and post operative and follow up radiography of 12 cats and five small dogs to evaluate accuracy of fracture reduction, screw purchase and subsequent screw loosening and reduction in pelvic diameter. Results No screw loosening or reduction in pelvic diameter was observed at follow up. Clinical Significance Locking T-plates may prevent complications reported following the use of conventional implant systems for the repair of ilial fractures in cats and small dogs...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202508/outcome-of-repair-of-distal-radial-and-ulnar-fractures-in-dogs-weighing-4-kg-or-less-using-a-1-5-mm-locking-adaption-plate-or-2-0-mm-limited-contact-dynamic-compression-plate
#14
Thomas A Nelson, Adam Strom
Objectives Retrospective evaluation of repairing distal radial and ulnar fractures in small breed dogs with the Synthes 1.5-mm locking Adaption plate system and compare results in a similar group of patients repaired with the Synthes 2.0-mm limited contact-dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP). Methods Electronic medical records from one specialty referral centre were reviewed from March 21, 2010, to October 9, 2015, for patients weighing less than or equal to 4 kg that had a distal one-third radial and ulnar fracture repaired with a Synthes 1...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202507/effect-of-limb-position-at-the-time-of-skin-marker-application-on-sagittal-plane-kinematics-of-the-dog
#15
Sun-Young Kim, Bryan T Torres, Gabriella S Sandberg, Steven C Budsberg
Objectives To evaluate the effect of limb position during initial skin marker application on sagittal plane kinematics of the hindlimb. Methods Six healthy dogs (20-30 kg) were evaluated. An established two-dimensional kinematic model of the pelvic limb was utilized to describe sagittal plane motion. Kinematic markers were applied separately for each dog while standing in three different positions: (1) the limb extended cranially, (2) a normal standing limb position and (3) the limb extended caudally. Following marker application at each of the three positions, dynamic gait was recorded at a walk (velocity, 0...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202506/effect-of-facetectomy-on-the-three-dimensional-biomechanical-properties-of-the-fourth-canine-cervical-functional-spinal-unit-a-cadaveric-study
#16
Nadja Bösch, Martin Hofstetter, Alexander Bürki, Beatriz Vidondo, Fenella Davies, Franck Forterre
Objective To study the biomechanical effect of facetectomy in 10 large breed dogs (>24 kg body weight) on the fourth canine cervical functional spinal unit. Methods Canine cervical spines were freed from all muscles. Spines were mounted on a six-degrees-of-freedom spine testing machine for three-dimensional motion analysis. Data were recorded with an optoelectronic motion analysis system. The range of motion was determined in all three primary motions as well as range of motion of coupled motions on the intact specimen, after unilateral and after bilateral facetectomy...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202505/incidence-of-abnormalities-of-the-second-and-third-cervical-vertebral-junction-in-dogs-with-atlantoaxial-instability-a-multicentre-study
#17
M Schneider, M Waschk, M C Precht, C Nathues, P Moissonnier, T Aikawa, D Schnötzinger, M Schmidt, D Garosi, F Forterre
Objective To evaluate the occurrence and frequency of abnormalities at the second and third cervical vertebral junction (C2/3) in dogs with and without atlantoaxial instability (AAI). Study Design Retrospective multi-institutional case-controlled case series. Animals One hundred and seventeen dogs with AAI and 117 dogs without AAI. Methods Radiographs, together with computer tomographic images or magnetic resonance images or both, of the cranial cervical spine of dogs were reviewed for the presence or absence of intervertebral disc-related anomalies, osseous fusion of the vertebrae, spondylosis, or any other anomaly of the C2/3...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202504/computed-tomographic-analysis-of-ventral-atlantoaxial-optimal-safe-implantation-corridors-in-27-dogs
#18
Guillaume Leblond, Luis Gaitero, Noel M M Moens, Alex Zur Linden, Fiona M K James, Gabrielle J Monteith, John Runciman
Objectives Ventral atlantoaxial stabilization techniques are challenging surgical procedures in dogs. Available surgical guidelines are based upon subjective anatomical landmarks, and limited radiographic and computed tomographic data. The aims of this study were (1) to provide detailed anatomical descriptions of atlantoaxial optimal safe implantation corridors to generate objective recommendations for optimal implant placements and (2) to compare anatomical data obtained in non-affected Toy breed dogs, affected Toy breed dogs suffering from atlantoaxial instability and non-affected Beagle dogs...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202503/quantitative-analysis-and-development-of-the-fore-feet-of-arabian-foals-from-birth-to-1-year-of-age
#19
Babak Faramarzi, Allison Salinger, Andris Kaneps, Yvette Nout-Lomas, Holly Greene, Fanglong Dong
Objectives The goal of this study was to quantify external and internal anatomical characteristics of the foal foot throughout the first year of age. Methods Digital radiographs and photographs were taken bimonthly of the forefeet of nine Arabian foals, beginning at about 2 weeks of age until 12 months of age. Sixty-eight linear and angular variables were measured using NIH (National Institutes of Health) Image J software. Statistical analyses were performed using piecewise random coefficient model and p-values < 0...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202502/variation-in-the-quantity-of-elastic-fibres-with-degeneration-in-canine-cranial-cruciate-ligaments-from-labrador-retrievers
#20
Kinley D Smith, Kei Hayashi, Dylan N Clements, Peter D Clegg, John F Innes, Eithne J Comerford
Objectives This study aims to quantify numbers of elastic fibres in cranial cruciate ligaments from a dog breed at high risk of cranial cruciate ligament disease. Methods Macroscopically normal cranial cruciate ligaments were harvested from six Labrador retrievers. Sequential histological sections were assessed for extracellular matrix degeneration (haematoxylin and eosin stain) and elastic fibre staining (Miller's stain). Elastic fibres were semi-quantified using previously published scoring systems. Each section was scored twice by two observers...
November 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
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