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Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763522/bone-haemophilic-pseudotumour-of-the-ulna-a-rare-complication-of-haemophilia-in-a-dog
#1
Adeline Decambron, Mathieu Manassero, Jean-Laurent Thibaud, Edouard Reyes-Gomez, Véronique Viateau
OBJECTIVES: This case report describes for the first time a bone haemophilic pseudotumour in a dog. CASE DESCRIPTION: A seven-month-old German Shepherd male dog was presented with the complaint of a forelimb weight-bearing lameness with major swelling that expanded dramatically after fine needle aspiration. Radiographs showed a large, well-defined ulnar diaphyseal cystic-like osteolytic lesion. Based on prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and low factor VIII activity, haemophilia A was diagnosed...
August 1, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763526/bacterial-recovery-using-sonication-versus-swabbing-of-titanium-and-stainless-steel-implants-inoculated-with-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-or-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#2
Thomas Keeshen, Thomas P Keeshen, J Brad Case, James F Wellehan, Mauricio Dujowich
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of sonication to improve recovery of bacteria from metal discs infected with bacteria commonly associated with implant infections in veterinary medicine. METHODS: In vitro study in which sterile titanium (Ti6Al4V) and stainless steel (AIS1316-L) discs were incubated with either Staphylococcus pseudintermedius or Pseudomonas aeruginosa for 24 hours. The following three groups were compared: 1) the sonication group involved immersing the discs in sterile saline and sonicating for five minutes; 2) the sham group was considered a negative control in which the discs were immersed in saline for five minutes without sonication; and 3) the swab group involved systematically swabbing the implant with a sterile culturette...
August 1, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763525/prevalence-treatment-and-outcome-of-patellar-luxation-in-dogs-in-italy-a-retrospective-multicentric-study-2009-2014
#3
Francesca Bosio, Antonello Bufalari, Bruno Peirone, Massimo Petazzoni, Aldo Vezzoni
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of patellar luxation in dogs in Italy and its relation to signalment, the frequency and the type of postoperative complications and the outcome of treatment, and to compare the findings with those of other studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records from four referral clinics were searched for dogs with orthopaedic disorders referred from 2009 to 2014. From these data, the records of dogs with patellar luxation were identified, and the signalment, age and body weight, grade, side and direction of patellar luxation, treatment, postoperative complications, and outcome were retrieved...
August 1, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763524/the-influence-of-aluminium-steel-and-polyurethane-shoeing-systems-and-of-the-unshod-hoof-on-the-injury-risk-of-a-horse-kick-an-ex-vivo-experimental-study
#4
Miriam Sprick, Anton Fürst, Fabio Baschnagel, Silvain Michel, Gabor Piskoty, Sonja Hartnack, Michelle A Jackson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the damage inflicted by an unshod hoof and by the various horseshoe materials (steel, aluminium and polyurethane) on the long bones of horses after a simulated kick. METHODS: Sixty-four equine radii and tibiae were evaluated using a drop impact test setup. An impactor with a steel, aluminium, polyurethane, or hoof horn head was dropped onto prepared bones. An impactor velocity of 8 m/s was initially used with all four materials and then testing was repeated with a velocity of 12 m/s with the polyurethane and hoof horn heads...
August 1, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763523/efficacy-of-an-oral-nutraceutical-for-the-treatment-of-canine-osteoarthritis-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-prospective-clinical-trial
#5
Ruth M Scott, Richard Evans, Michael G Conzemius
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of an orally administered nutraceutical (Glu/CS+; + for additional ingredient) for the treatment of clinical osteoarthritis (OA) in dogs. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, client-owned dogs with clinical signs of OA in one or more joints were assigned to a Glu/CS+ (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) group. Dogs were administered Glu/CS+ or placebo orally and wore an activity monitor (AM) continuously throughout a 97 day study period...
August 1, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763521/correlation-of-dickkopf-1-concentrations-in-plasma-and-synovial-fluid-to-the-severity-of-radiographic-signs-of-equine-osteoarthritis
#6
Jillian S Mills, Marc A Kinsley, Duncan F Peters, Patty S D Weber, Tara R Shearer, Anthony P Pease
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a correlation between circulating and intra-synovial Dkk-1 and radiographic signs of equine osteoarthritis. METHODS: Circulating and intra-synovial Dkk-1 levels were measured in clinical cases using a commercially available human Dkk-1 ELISA. Radiographs were performed of the joints from which fluid was collected and these were assessed and scored by a boarded radiologist for joint narrowing, subchondral bone sclerosis, subchondral bone lysis, and periarticular modelling...
August 1, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763520/effect-of-a-calcaneo-tibial-screw-on-medial-and-lateral-stability-of-the-canine-tarsocrural-joint-ex-vivo
#7
Kevin R Frame, Janis P Bridges, Andrew J Worth
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of a temporary calcaneo-tibial screw for stabilization of the tarsocrural joint in dogs with surgically treated collateral ligament injury. METHODS: The degree of varus and valgus laxity of the tarsocrural joint in various states of injury and stabilization was measured in paired cadaveric limbs of Greyhound dogs. The angle of varus or valgus laxity was calculated following simulated collateral ligament injury (long collateral ligament only, long and short collateral ligaments, and bilateral long and short collateral ligaments) and stabilization with a calcaneo-tibial screw...
August 1, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763519/effects-of-nandrolone-decanoate-on-time-to-consolidation-of-bone-defects-resulting-from-osteotomy-for-tibial-tuberosity-advancement
#8
Danilo R C Marques, Danilo Marques, Jose F Ibanez, Itallo B Freitas, Ana C Hespanha, Juliana F Monteiro, Mayara Eggert, Amanda Becker
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of nandrolone decanoate (ND) on the time taken for bone consolidation in dogs undergoing tibial tuberosity advancement surgery (TTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen dogs that underwent TTA surgery were randomly divided into two groups: group C (TTA; 9 stifles), and group TTA+ND (TTA and systemic administration of ND; 8 stifles). Three observers (two radiologists and an orthopaedic surgeon), assessed bone consolidation by visual inspection of serial radiographs at intervals of 21 days following surgery...
August 1, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763518/biomechanical-comparison-of-pin-and-nitinol-bone-staple-fixation-to-pin-and-tension-band-wire-fixation-for-the-stabilization-of-canine-olecranon-osteotomies
#9
Alen Lai, Chris Christou, Craig Bailey, Chris J Tan, John Culvenor, Tian Wang, William R Walsh
OBJECTIVE: To compare the initial biomechanical properties of olecranon osteotomies stabilized with intramedullary pins and a Nitinol bone staple to osteotomies stabilized with pin and tension band wire fixation. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo mechanical evaluation on cadaveric bones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten pairs of cadaveric forelimbs from skeletally mature Greyhounds with an olecranon osteotomy stabilized with either a pin and Nitinol bone staple or a pin and tension band wire...
August 1, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715039/erratum-to-computed-tomographic-evaluation-of-femoral-and-tibial-conformation-in-english-staffordshire-bull-terriers-with-and-without-congenital-medial-patellar-luxation
#10
Mark Newman, Katja Voss
OBJECTIVE: To compare hindlimb conformation of English Staffordshire Bull Terriers with and without medial patellar luxation using computed tomography. METHODS: Hindlimb computed tomography (CT) was performed on six English Staffordshire Bull Terriers with grade II or III medial patellar luxation, and six without medial patellar luxation. Inclination angle, femoral condyle trochanteric angle, anteversion angle (AA), distal anteversion angle (DAA), proximal anteversion angle (PAA), femoral varus angle (FVA), tibial valgus angle (TVA), and tibial torsion angle (TTA) were measured...
July 10, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636059/clinical-outcome-and-complications-of-thoracic-and-pelvic-limb-stump-and-socket-prostheses
#11
Andrew Phillips, Elvin Kulendra, Edith Bishop, Michelle Monk, Kevin Parsons, Arthur House
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use, quality of life, compliance, complications, and outcome of animals fitted with stump socket prostheses. METHODS: Medical records of dogs fitted with a stump socket prosthesis were reviewed. Functional outcome, quality of life and complications were retrospectively assessed from an owner questionnaire. RESULTS: Thirteen stump socket prostheses (12 dogs) were fitted for a variety of reasons including trauma, congenital abnormalities, and neoplasia...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636058/percutaneous-tibial-physeal-fracture-repair-in-small-animals-technique-and-17-cases
#12
Dirsko J F von Pfeil, Mathieu Glassman, Meaghan Ropski
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively describe cases treated via percutaneous tibial physeal fracture repair (PTPFR), using intra-operative fluoroscopy (IFL) or digital radiography (DR). To describe a technique ("spiking"), used to treat tibial tuberosity avulsion fractures. METHODS: Clinical data of 14 dogs and three cats were included. The "spiking" technique was described. RESULTS: Intra-operative fluoroscopy (n = 11) and DR (n = 6) were successfully used in 11 tibial tuberosity avulsion fractures, one combined proximal physeal and tibial tuberosity avulsion fracture, and five distal tibial/fibular physeal fractures...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636057/symmetrical-brachydactyly-in-a-dog
#13
Megan T Cray, Ursula Krotscheck, Anthony J Fischetti, Kim Tong
Congenital malformations of the canine manus and pes are infrequently reported in the veterinary literature. This includes brachydactyly which is a general term used to indicate the shortening of digits due to abnormal development of the phalanges, metacarpals, or metatarsals. This case report describes isolated brachydactyly in a one-year-old male Maremma Sheepdog affecting all of the phalanges, metacarpals, and metatarsals of digits two through five. This condition was confirmed by determining the length of each phalanx, metacarpal, and metatarsal of the affected dog as well as an unaffected littermate...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636055/effect-of-headless-compression-screw-on-construct-stability-for-centre-of-rotation-and-angulation-based-levelling-osteotomy-biomechanical-testing-in-flexion-and-torsion
#14
Michelle R Meyer, Mireya A Perez, Mohammad S Hossain, Edward B Silverman, Randall B Fitch, Ryan B Wicker
OBJECTIVE: To compare the biomechanical properties of bone and implant constructs when used for the centre of rotation and angulation (CORA) based levelling osteotomy, with and without implantation of a trans-osteotomy headless compression screw tested under three-point flexural and torsional forces; thereby determining the contribution of a trans-osteotomy headless compression screw with regards to stability of the construct. METHODS: Experimental biomechanical study utilizing 12 pairs of cadaveric canine tibias...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636054/guidelines-for-surgical-approaches-for-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-in-cats
#15
Philipp A Schmierer, Antonio Pozzi
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) is one of the most recent fixation techniques that embody the concept of biological osteosynthesis. Several studies evaluating MIPO in dogs have been published in the recent years. However, there are few clinical reports of MIPO in cats and no description of the surgical approaches. The purpose of our study was to describe the safe corridors for plate insertion in cats using the MIPO technique. METHODS: The surgical approaches for the humerus, radius-ulna, femur and tibia were developed after reviewing the described techniques and surgical approaches for MIPO in dogs, while considering any relevant anatomical difference between dogs and cats...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636061/impact-of-femoral-varus-on-complications-and-outcome-associated-with-corrective-surgery-for-medial-patellar-luxation
#16
Karen L Perry, Robert J Adams, Shane J Andrews, Charlie Tewson, Mieghan Bruce
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association of femoral varus with postoperative complications and outcome following standard corrective surgery for medial patellar luxation (MPL) without distal femoral osteotomy (DFO) in dogs. METHODS: In a retrospective study spanning a 12 year period, 87 stifles with MPL that were treated by standard surgical techniques were included. Inclination angle (ICA), femoral varus angle (FVA), anatomical lateral distal femoral angle (aLDFA), and mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (mLDFA) were measured...
July 20, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636056/comparison-of-complications-following-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-and-tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomy-in-very-large-and-giant-dogs-50-kg-or-more-in-body-weight
#17
Eric C Hans, Matthew D Barnhart, Shawn C Kennedy, Steven J Naber
OBJECTIVES: To analyse and compare major complications in dogs ≥50 kg undergoing tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) or tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) for treatment of cranial cruciate ligament disease. METHODS: Medical records and radiographs of client-owned dogs (≥50 kg) treated for cranial cruciate ligament disease with either TTA or TPLO between January 2011 and November 2015 were reviewed. Ninety-one TTA cases and 54 TPLO cases met the study inclusion criteria...
July 20, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530306/bone-deformity-associated-with-medial-patellar-luxation
#18
Kenneth Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393962/surgical-stabilization-of-concomitant-canine-medial-patellar-luxation-and-cranial-cruciate-ligament-disease-effect-of-fixation-method-on-postoperative-complication-rate-and-clinical-outcome
#19
Albane H Fauron, Mieghan Bruce, Daniel R James, Mark A Owen, Karen L Perry
OBJECTIVES: To compare complication rates and outcomes between cases of concomitant cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) disease and medial patellar luxation (MPL) treated using extracapsular stabilization and tibial tuberosity transposition (ECS+TTT) and tibial tuberosity transposition and advancement (TTTA). METHODS: In a multicentre retrospective study, records from four referral hospitals were reviewed for dogs with concomitant CrCL pathology and MPL treated using ECS+TTT or TTTA...
May 22, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331933/conformation-of-the-proximal-tibia-and-cranial-cruciate-ligament-disease-in-small-breed-dogs
#20
Jan Janovec, Michal Kyllar, Duncan Midgley, Martin Owen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the conformation of the proximal tibia in small breed dogs with and without cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD) and to identify morphologic abnormalities that may predispose to development of CCLD. METHODS: Mediolateral radiographs of the entire tibia of dogs <15 kg with surgically confirmed CCLD were retrospectively evaluated. Proximal tibial width (PTW), tibial plateau length (TPL), tibial plateau angle as described by Slocum and Slocum (sTPA), proximal tibial tuberosity angle (PTTA), tibial plateau angle as described by Inauen and colleagues (nTPA), and diaphyseal tibial width (DTW) were measured...
May 22, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
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