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Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30235472/in-vitro-biomechanical-comparison-of-four-different-ventral-surgical-procedures-on-the-canine-fourth-fifth-cervical-vertebral-motion-unit
#1
Andreas Hermann, Benjamin Voumard, Maja A Waschk, Bianca F Hettlich, Franck Forterre
INTRODUCTION:  Biomechanical properties of four different ventral surgical procedures at the canine fourth-fifth cervical (C4-C5) vertebral motion unit (VMU) were assessed and compared with the intact C4-C5 VMU. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  The third-sixth cervical vertebral column from 24 skeletally mature Beagle cadavers were randomly allocated to four groups (standard ventral slot, slanted slot, inverted cone slot and intervertebral disc fenestration). Standardized tests were performed for each specimen in flexion/extension, lateral bending and axial rotation...
September 20, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30235471/veterinary-cuttable-plate-in-a-plate-rod-construct-for-repair-of-diaphyseal-femoral-fractures-in-the-cat
#2
Bertrand Vedrine, Fabien Gérard
OBJECTIVE:  This study evaluated retrospectively the effectiveness of the veterinary cuttable plate (VCP) in a plate-rod construct, for the treatment of diaphyseal femoral fractures in cats. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A total of 29 cats with diaphyseal femoral fracture underwent stabilization with a VCP-rod construct. RESULTS:  Fractures were classified as type A (7/29), type B (11/29) and type C (11/29) following the AO classification...
September 20, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212916/treatment-of-long-bone-fractures-in-calves-with-ilizarov-external-fixator
#3
Ali Gülaydin, Murat Sarierler
In this study, the advantages and disadvantages of Ilizarov external fixator in the treatment of long bone fractures in calves were investigated. For this purpose, 26 calves of different breeds, ages and genders, having metacarpal ( n  = 12), metatarsal ( n  = 5) and antebrachial ( n  = 9) fractures underwent surgery under general anaesthesia. Frames, which were prepared before surgery in accordance with the radiographic findings, were applied under open reduction in 18 cases, and under closed reduction in eight cases...
September 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212915/the-sacred-cow-in-orthopaedics
#4
Kenneth A Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138954/comparison-of-simultaneously-collected-kinetic-data-with-force-plates-and-a-pressure-walkway
#5
Gabriella Sandberg, Bryan Torres, Amanda Berjeski, Steven Budsberg
OBJECTIVE:  This article compares simultaneously collected kinetic data (percent limb distribution and limb symmetry) with force plates (FP) and a pressure walkway. ANIMALS:  This study included 18 healthy client-owned adult dogs. METHODS:  Vertical ground reaction force and pressure data were collected during two sessions 1 week apart (days 1 and 7) using both FP and pressure mat systems. Vertical ground reaction forces and vertical pressure data were each collected alone as well as simultaneously...
September 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138953/a-retrospective-survey-of-injuries-occurring-in-dogs-and-handlers-participating-in-canicross
#6
Pilar Lafuente, Caitlin Whyle
OBJECTIVES:  Canicross is a popular canine and human cross-country sport. The purpose of this study was to identify the most common injuries, their severity, risk factors and the recovery. METHODS:  An internet-based retrospective survey design was used to examine the characteristics of injuries, demographic and competition information and associations with injury rate. RESULTS: A total of 160 surveys were received and indicated that at the time of the survey 21...
September 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138952/evaluation-of-modified-techniques-for-toggle-pin-repair-of-coxofemoral-luxation-in-dogs-a-cadaveric-study
#7
Jacob I Helmick, Suzanne E Bugbee, Jason R Strasberg, Samuel P Franklin
OBJECTIVES:  The primary objective was to assess acetabular articular cartilage damage when an acetabular tunnel is drilled by passing the drill bit through the femoral tunnel. The second objective was to assess the success rate of passing the toggle through the femoral and acetabular tunnels in a single manoeuvre using a toggle delivery device. METHODS:  Open bilateral coxofemoral luxations in 16 canine cadavers were repaired by toggle pin technique by a surgical resident ( n  = 8) and a diplomate surgeon ( n  = 8)...
September 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138951/repeatability-of-three-dimensional-computed-tomographic-volumetric-measurement-of-lumbosacral-intervertebral-foramina-in-german-shepherd-dogs
#8
Stefan Gordon, Janis P Bridges, Susan C Tomlin, Angela Hartman, Andrew J Worth
OBJECTIVES:  This article determines the repeatability of a recently reported method of volumetric measurement of the lateral intervertebral neurovascular foramina at the lumbosacral junction in German shepherd dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Batch files including the intervertebral neurovascular foramina were derived from previously obtained computed tomography studies of the extended lumbosacral junction of 20 German shepherd dogs and converted into volume datasets...
September 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138950/outcome-of-ventral-fusion-of-two-or-three-cervical-vertebrae-with-a-locking-compression-plate-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-stenotic-myelopathy-in-eight-horses
#9
Christoph Kühnle, Anton E Fürst, Elisabeth Ranninger, José Suárez Sánchez-Andrade, Jan M Kümmerle
OBJECTIVES:  It was recently shown that biomechanical stability achieved with a locking compression plate (LCP) for ventral cervical fusion in horses is similar to the commonly used Kerf cut cylinder. The advantages of the LCP system render it an interesting implant for this indication. The goal of this report was to describe surgical technique, complications and outcome of horses that underwent ventral fusion of two or three cervical vertebrae with an LCP. METHODS:  Medical records of eight horses were reviewed for patient data, history, preoperative grade of ataxia, diagnostic imaging, surgical technique and complications...
September 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30125913/computed-tomography-and-biomechanical-comparison-between-trans-articular-screw-fixation-and-2-polymethylmethacrylate-cemented-constructs-for-ventral-atlantoaxial-stabilization
#10
Guillaume Leblond, Noël M M Moens, Luis Gaitero, Alex Zur Linden, Fiona M K James, Gabrielle Monteith, Robert J Runciman
OBJECTIVES:  Canine ventral atlantoaxial stabilization methods have been constantly evolving over the past few decades. Yet, proper experimental data comparing the feasibility and biomechanical properties of currently available surgical options are lacking. The aims of this study were (1) to describe and compare the safety profiles and biomechanical properties of three ventral atlantoaxial stabilization methods; and (2) to test whether recently reported optimal implant definitions constitute reasonable guidelines...
September 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30125912/surgical-repair-of-radial-ulnar-fracture-by-static-intramedullary-interlocking-nailing-in-a-crossbred-heifer
#11
Ankit Narang, Tarunbir Singh, Simrat S Singh, Pallavi Verma, Narinder S Saini, Jitender Mohindroo, Rahul Udehiya
OBJECTIVE:  Study included surgical management of radius and ulna fracture in a 2-year-old, 220 kg crossbred heifer presented with a 2-day-old history of injury resulting in severe, non-weight bearing lameness of the left forelimb. METHODS:  The condition was diagnosed clinically and confirmed radiographically as a middle third oblique comminuted fracture of the left radius and ulna. Static intramedullary interlocking nailing was performed for fracture fixation...
September 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071569/evolution-of-radiographic-parameters-of-canine-passive-hip-laxity-at-4-6-and-12-months-a-study-of-306-dogs
#12
Mathieu Taroni, Jean-Pierre Genevois, Eric Viguier, Claude Carozzo, Véronique Livet, Arnaud Baldinger, Thibaut Cachon
OBJECTIVES:  This article evaluates the variation in the distraction index (DI) and Norberg angle measurement with the femur in a neutral position and the hips distracted (distraction Norberg angle [DNA]) between 4, 6 and 12 months of age. METHODS:  Radiographic data from dogs ( n  = 306) line-bred for favourable characteristics, including hip conformation, were reviewed. Dogs underwent stress radiographs, using a Vezzoni distractor, at 4, 6 and 12 months of age...
September 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925093/use-of-synthetic-osteochondral-implants-to-treat-bilateral-shoulder-osteochondritis-dissecans-in-a-dog
#13
Alan Danielski, Michael Farrell
CASE DESCRIPTION:  An 8-month-old American Bulldog was presented for assessment of bilateral thoracic limb lameness. Computed tomographic imaging revealed large, deep osteochondritis dissecans lesions in both humeral heads. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME:  The osteochondritis dissecans lesions were debrided and the exposed subchondral defects were prepared to receive synthetic grafts. Circular implants consisting of a surface layer of polycarbonate urethane and a deep layer of lattice-type titanium were implanted into the osteochondral defects to reconstruct the articular surface topography...
September 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925092/bilateral-radial-agenesis-in-a-cat-treated-with-bilateral-ulnocarpal-arthrodesis
#14
Alla Bezhentseva, Harpreet Singh, Randy J Boudrieau
OBJECTIVE:  This article describes corrective antebrachiocarpal re-alignment and arthrodesis for bilateral radial hemimelia (radial agenesis) in an 8-month-old domestic short-haired cat. METHODS:  Bilateral forelimb deformity of ulnocarpal varus with complete luxation and rotation of the antebrachiocarpal joint spaces, and joint contracture, was observed. Several carpal bones and metacarpal bones I and II and their associated phalanges were absent. Abnormal ambulation and weight bearing on the dorsolateral part of the manus were present...
September 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972849/-imitation-is-the-sincerest-of-flattery-%C3%A2-except-when-it-negatively-impacts-canine-and-client-welfare
#15
LETTER
Gail K Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972848/reply-to-the-letter-le-scientisme-c-est-la-pr%C3%A3-tention-indue-au-monopole-de-v%C3%A3-rit%C3%A3-alors-que-le-propre-de-la-science-c-est-de-dire-il-n-y-a-pas-de-monopole-edgar-morin
#16
LETTER
Bart J G Broeckx, Aldo Vezzoni, Evelien Bogaerts, Mileva Bertal, Tim Bosmans, Emmelie Stock, Dieter Deforce, Luc Peelman, Jimmy H Saunders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29954014/getting-to-grips-with-cruciate-ligament-disease
#17
EDITORIAL
Kenneth A Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908523/radiographic-study-of-haematogenous-septic-arthritis-in-dairy-calves
#18
Caroline Constant, Isabelle Masseau, Marie Babkine, Sylvain Nichols, David Francoz, Gilles Fecteau, Emma Marchionatti, Helene Larde, Andre Desrochers
OBJECTIVES:  (1) To develop an evaluation grid to provide a systematic interpretation of calves' articular radiographs, (2) to describe radiographic lesions of septic arthritis in dairy calves less than 6 months of age, (3) to investigate potential associations between demographic data or synovial bacteriological culture results and radiographic lesions (4) to determine whether an association is present between radiographic lesions, their severity and the long-term outcome. METHODS:  Medical records of 54 calves less than 180 days old treated for septic arthritis between 2009 and 2014 with radiographic images performed in the first 2 days after admission were reviewed...
July 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908522/management-of-complete-talocrural-luxations-by-selective-talocrural-arthrodesis-using-hybrid-transarticular-external-skeletal-fixation-in-dogs
#19
Cenk Yardımcı, Taylan Önyay, Kamil S İnal, Deniz B Özbakır, Ahmet Özak
OBJECTIVE:  This article presents a novel surgical technique in the management of open complete talocrural luxations and evaluates the results, and clinical benefits with its routine clinical utilization. STUDY DESIGN:  Retrospective study. ANIMALS:  Seventeen medium- or large-breed client-owned dogs of different breed, age and sex with complete talocrural luxations and radiographic follow-up of at least 24 weeks duration. METHOD:  Selective talocrural arthrodesis was performed by using a hybrid transarticular external skeletal fixator frame...
July 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890537/sonoelastographic-features-of-the-patellar-ligament-in-clinically-normal-dogs
#20
Angela P Piccionello, Daniele Serrani, Valeria Busoni, Alberto Salvaggio, Mattia Bonazzi, Chiara Bergamino, Antonella Volta
OBJECTIVE:  This article describes the sonoelastographic features of the patellar ligament of sound dogs and tests feasibility, reproducibility and repeatability. METHODS:  Clinically healthy medium-to-large breed dogs were enrolled. Sonoelastographic images of the patellar ligaments were obtained in lateral recumbency with the stifle flexed by an experienced operator and by a senior veterinary student. The elasticity colour map included red (soft), green (intermediate) and blue (hard)...
July 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
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