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Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773911/in-memoriam-dr-baron-avery-shopsin
#1
Samuel Gershon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789576/ventral-striatal-response-during-decision-making-involving-risk-and-reward-is-associated-with-future-binge-drinking-in-adolescents
#2
Angelica M Morales, Scott A Jones, Alissa Ehlers, Jessye B Lavine, Bonnie J Nagel
Beginning to engage in heavy alcohol use during adolescence, as opposed to later in life, is associated with elevated risk for a variety of negative consequences, including the development of an alcohol use disorder. Behavioral studies suggest that poor decision making predicts alcohol use during adolescence; however, more research is needed to determine the neurobiological risk factors that underlie this association. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, brain activation during decision making involving risk and reward was assessed in 47 adolescents (14-15 years old) with no significant history or alcohol or drug use...
May 7, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786067/disrupting-reconsolidation-memory-erasure-or-blunting-of-emotional-motivational-value
#3
Elizabeth S Cogan, Mark A Shapses, Terry E Robinson, Natalie C Tronson
When memories are retrieved they become labile, and subject to alteration by a process known as reconsolidation. Disruption of memory reconsolidation decreases the performance of learned responses, which is often attributed to erasure of the memory; in the case of Pavlovian learning, to a loss of the association between a conditioned stimulus (CS) and unconditioned stimulus (US). However, an alternative interpretation is that disrupting reconsolidation does not erase memories, but blunts their emotional/motivational impact...
May 3, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777199/influence-of-alcoholism-and-cholesterol-on-tspo-binding-in-brain-pet-11-c-pbr28-studies-in-humans-and-rodents
#4
Sung Won Kim, Corinde E Wiers, Ryan Tyler, Ehsan Shokri-Kojori, Yeon Joo Jang, Amna Zehra, Clara Freeman, Veronica Ramirez, Elsa Lindgren, Gregg Miller, Elizabeth A Cabrera, Tyler Stodden, Min Guo, Şükrü B Demiral, Nancy Diazgranados, Luke Park, Jeih-San Liow, Victor Pike, Cheryl Morse, Leandro F Vendruscolo, Robert B Innis, George F Koob, Dardo Tomasi, Gene-Jack Wang, Nora D Volkow
Neuroinflammation appears to contribute to neurotoxicity observed with heavy alcohol consumption. To assess whether chronic alcohol results in neuroinflammation we used PET and [11 C]PBR28, a ligand that binds to the 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO), to compare participants with an alcohol use disorder (AUD: n = 19) with healthy controls (HC: n = 17), and alcohol-dependent (n = 9) with -nondependent rats (n = 10). Because TSPO is implicated in cholesterol's transport for steroidogenesis, we investigated whether plasma cholesterol levels influenced [11 C]PBR28 binding...
May 3, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773910/the-l-type-calcium-channel-blocker-isradipine-attenuates-cue-induced-cocaine-seeking-by-enhancing-dopaminergic-activity-in-the-ventral-tegmental-area-to-nucleus-accumbens-pathway
#5
Nii A Addy, Eric J Nunes, Shannon M Hughley, Keri M Small, Sarah J Baracz, Joshua L Haight, Anjali M Rajadhyaksha
Previous preclinical and clinical investigations have focused on the L-type calcium channel (LTCC) as a potential therapeutic target for substance abuse. While some clinical studies have examined the ability of LTCC blockers to alter cocaine's subjective effects, very few LTCC studies have examined cocaine relapse. Here, we examined whether ventral tegmental area (VTA)-specific or systemic administration of the LTCC inhibitor, isradipine, altered cocaine-seeking behavior in a rat model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats first received 10 days of cocaine self-administration training (2 h sessions), where active lever depression resulted in delivery of a ∼0...
May 3, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777198/aberrant-working-memory-processing-in-major-depression-evidence-from-multivoxel-pattern-classification
#6
Matti Gärtner, M Elisabetta Ghisu, Milan Scheidegger, Luisa Bönke, Yan Fan, Anna Stippl, Ana-Lucia Herrera-Melendez, Sophie Metz, Emilia Winnebeck, Maria Fissler, Anke Henning, Malek Bajbouj, Karsten Borgwardt, Thorsten Barnhofer, Simone Grimm
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is often accompanied by severe impairments in working memory (WM). Neuroimaging studies investigating the mechanisms underlying these impairments have produced conflicting results. It remains unclear whether MDD patients show hyper- or hypoactivity in WM-related brain regions and how potential aberrations in WM processing may contribute to the characteristic dysregulation of cognition-emotion interactions implicated in the maintenance of the disorder. In order to shed light on these questions and to overcome limitations of previous studies, we applied a multivoxel pattern classification approach to investigate brain activity in large samples of MDD patients (N = 57) and matched healthy controls (N = 61) during a WM task that incorporated positive, negative, and neutral stimuli...
May 2, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760410/motivational-changes-that-develop-in-a-mouse-model-of-inflammation-induced-depression-are-independent-of-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase
#7
Elisabeth G Vichaya, Geoffroy Laumet, Diana L Christian, Aaron J Grossberg, Darlene J Estrada, Cobi J Heijnen, Annemieke Kavelaars, Robert Dantzer
Despite years of research, our understanding of the mechanisms by which inflammation induces depression is still limited. As clinical data points to a strong association between depression and motivational alterations, we sought to (1) characterize the motivational changes that are associated with inflammation in mice, and (2) determine if they depend on inflammation-induced activation of indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase-1 (IDO1). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated or spared nerve injured (SNI) wild type (WT) and Ido1 -/- mice underwent behavioral tests of antidepressant activity (e...
April 27, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748632/chronic-cannabis-promotes-pro-hallucinogenic-signaling-of-5-ht2a-receptors-through-akt-mtor-pathway
#8
Inés Ibarra-Lecue, Irene Mollinedo-Gajate, J Javier Meana, Luis F Callado, Rebeca Diez-Alarcia, Leyre Urigüen
Long-term use of potent cannabis during adolescence increases the risk of developing schizophrenia later in life, but to date, the mechanisms involved remain unknown. Several findings suggest that the functional selectivity of serotonin 2A receptor (5-HT2AR) through inhibitory G-proteins is involved in the molecular mechanisms responsible for psychotic symptoms. Moreover, this receptor is dysregulated in the frontal cortex of schizophrenia patients. In this context, studies involving cannabis exposure and 5-HT2AR are scarce...
April 27, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748631/reponse-to-send-et-al-telomere-length-in-newborns-is-related-to-maternal-stress-during-pregnancy
#9
Kyle C Esteves, Christopher W Jones, Stacy S Drury
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728651/common-variants-on-6q16-2-12q24-31-and-16p13-3-are-associated-with-major-depressive-disorder
#10
Xiaoyan Li, Zhenwu Luo, Chunjie Gu, Lynsey S Hall, Andrew M McIntosh, Yanni Zeng, David J Porteous, Caroline Hayward, Ming Li, Yong-Gang Yao, Chen Zhang, Xiong-Jian Luo
Accumulating evidence suggests that genetic factors have a role in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, only limited MDD risk loci have been identified so far. Here we perform a meta-analysis (a total of 90,150 MDD cases and 246,603 controls) through combing three genome-wide association studies of MDD, including 23andMe (cases were self-reported with a clinical diagnosis or treatment of depression), CONVERGE (cases were diagnosed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview) and PGC (cases were diagnosed using direct structured diagnostic interview (by trained interviewers) or clinician-administered DSM-IV checklists)...
April 27, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728650/deficient-inhibition-in-alcohol-dependence-let-s-consider-the-role-of-the-motor-system
#11
Caroline Quoilin, Emmanuelle Wilhelm, Pierre Maurage, Philippe de Timary, Julie Duque
Impaired inhibitory control contributes to the development, maintenance, and relapse of alcohol-dependence, but the neural correlates of this deficit are still unclear. Because inhibitory control has been labeled as an executive function, most studies have focused on prefrontal areas, overlooking the contribution of more "primary" structures, such as the motor system. Yet, appropriate neural inhibition of the motor output pathway has emerged as a central aspect of healthy behavior. Here, we tested the hypothesis that this motor inhibition is altered in alcohol-dependence...
April 26, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728649/small-molecule-modulators-of-%C3%AF-2r-tmem97-reduce-alcohol-withdrawal-induced-behaviors
#12
Luisa L Scott, James J Sahn, Antonio Ferragud, Rachel C Yen, Praveen N Satarasinghe, Michael D Wood, Timothy R Hodges, Ted Shi, Brooke A Prakash, Kaitlyn M Friese, Angela Shen, Valentina Sabino, Jonathan T Pierce, Stephen F Martin
Repeated cycles of intoxication and withdrawal enhance the negative reinforcing properties of alcohol and lead to neuroadaptations that underlie withdrawal symptoms driving alcohol dependence. Pharmacotherapies that target these neuroadaptations may help break the cycle of dependence. The sigma-1 receptor (σ1R) subtype has attracted interest as a possible modulator of the rewarding and reinforcing effects of alcohol. However, whether the sigma-2 receptor, recently cloned and identified as transmembrane protein 97 (σ2R/TMEM97), plays a role in alcohol-related behaviors is currently unknown...
April 20, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704001/cognitive-deficit-in-methamphetamine-users-relative-to-childhood-academic-performance-link-to-cortical-thickness
#13
Andy C Dean, Angelica M Morales, Gerhard Hellemann, Edythe D London
Individuals with cognitive problems may be predisposed to develop substance use disorders; therefore, differences in cognitive function between methamphetamine users and control participants may be attributable to premorbid factors rather than methamphetamine use. The goal of this study was to clarify the extent to which this is the case. Childhood academic transcripts were obtained for 37 methamphetamine-dependent adults and 41 control participants of similar educational level and premorbid IQ. Each participant completed a comprehensive cognitive battery and received a structural magnetic resonance imaging scan...
April 20, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704000/glutamatergic-and-gabaergic-ventral-bnst-neurons-differ-in-their-physiological-properties-and-responsiveness-to-noradrenaline
#14
Nur Zeynep Gungor, Ryo Yamamoto, Denis Pare
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) regulates defensive responses to threats and its anteroventral portion (BNST-AV) is involved. BNST-AV contains a minority of glutamatergic neurons scattered among a dominant population of GABAergic cells. There is evidence that these two cell types might exert opposite influences, the former promoting and the latter reducing anxiety. Although GABAergic cells greatly outnumber glutamatergic neurons in BNST-AV, in some circumstances the influence of glutamatergic cells appears to predominate...
April 20, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760409/histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-ms-275-restores-social-and-synaptic-function-in-a-shank3-deficient-mouse-model-of-autism
#15
Kaijie Ma, Luye Qin, Emmanuel Matas, Lara J Duffney, Aiyi Liu, Zhen Yan
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social deficits and repetitive behaviors. Genetic screening has identified synaptic, transcriptional, and chromatin genes disrupted in autistic patients. Haploinsufficiency of Shank3, which encodes a scaffold protein at glutamatergic synapses, is causally linked to autism. Using a Shank3-deficient mouse model that exhibits prominent autism-like phenotypes, we have found that histone acetylation in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is abnormally low, which can be reversed by MS-275 (also known as Entinostat, SNDX-275), a class I histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor that is selectively potent in PFC...
April 19, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703999/amphetamine-maintenance-differentially-modulates-effects-of-cocaine-methylenedioxypyrovalerone-mdpv-and-methamphetamine-on-intracranial-self-stimulation-and-nucleus-accumbens-dopamine-in-rats
#16
Amy R Johnson, Matthew L Banks, Dana E Selley, S Stevens Negus
Amphetamine maintenance is effective clinically to reduce the consumption of the monoamine uptake inhibitor cocaine but not of the monoamine releaser methamphetamine, and its effectiveness in treating the abuse of other psychostimulants is not known. The mechanisms for differential amphetamine-maintenance effectiveness to treat different types of psychostimulant abuse are also not known. Accordingly, the present study compared the effects of amphetamine maintenance on abuse-related behavioral and neurochemical effects of cocaine, methamphetamine, and the "bath salts" constituent 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) in rats...
April 19, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695783/%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-receptor-modulating-agents-reverse-the-hyperdopaminergic-tone-in-the-mam-model-of-schizophrenia
#17
Gilda A Neves, Anthony A Grace
Recent evidence has emerged supporting a role for the cholinergic system in schizophrenia, including the potential of α7 modulators as a treatment strategy. However, preclinical studies to date have relied on studies in normal systems rather than on a validated developmental model of schizophrenia. Furthermore, there have been only few studies on whether orthosteric and allosteric modulators have differential impacts in such models. Thus, we investigated the effects of α7 agonists and positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) on dopamine (DA) neuron activity in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) in the methylazoxymethanol acetate (MAM) developmental disruption model of schizophrenia...
April 19, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728648/salivary-kynurenic-acid-response-to-psychological-stress-inverse-relationship-to-cortical-glutamate-in-schizophrenia
#18
Joshua Chiappelli, Laura M Rowland, Francesca M Notarangelo, S Andrea Wijtenburg, Marian A R Thomas, Ana Pocivavsek, Aaron Jones, Krista Wisner, Peter Kochunov, Robert Schwarcz, L Elliot Hong
Frontal glutamatergic synapses are thought to be critical for adaptive, long-term stress responses. Prefrontal cortices, including the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) contribute to stress perception and regulation, and are involved in top-down regulation of peripheral glucocorticoid and inflammatory responses to stress. Levels of kynurenic acid (KYNA) in saliva increase in response to psychological stress, and this stress-induced effect may be abnormal in people with schizophrenia. Here we test the hypothesis that ACC glutamatergic functioning may contribute to the stress-induced salivary KYNA response in schizophrenia...
April 18, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786066/repeated-social-defeat-induced-neuroinflammation-anxiety-like-behavior-and-resistance-to-fear-extinction-were-attenuated-by-the-cannabinoid-receptor-agonist-win55-212-2
#19
Sabrina Francesca Lisboa, Anzela Niraula, Leonardo Barbosa Resstel, Francisco Silveira Guimaraes, Jonathan P Godbout, John F Sheridan
Psychosocial stress contributes to the development of psychiatric disorders. Repeated social defeat (RSD) is a murine stressor that causes a release of inflammatory monocytes into circulation. Moreover, RSD-induced anxiety-like behavior is dependent on the recruitment of these monocytes to the brain. Activation of the endocannabinoid (ECB) system may modulate both neuroendocrine and inflammatory responses mediated by stress. Therefore, we hypothesized that a cannabinoid receptor agonist would attenuate RSD-induced inflammation, anxiety, and stress sensitization...
April 17, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728647/opiate-associated-contextual-memory-formation-and-retrieval-are-differentially-modulated-by-dopamine-d1-and-d2-signaling-in-hippocampal-prefrontal-connectivity
#20
Yunpeng Wang, Hongying Zhang, Jingjing Cui, Jing Zhang, Fangyuan Yin, Hao Guo, Jianghua Lai, Bo Xing
Contextual memory driven by abused drugs such as opiates has a central role in maintenance and relapse of drug-taking behaviors. Although dopamine (DA) signaling favors memory storage and retrieval via regulation of hippocampal-prefrontal connectivity, its role in modulating opiate-associated contextual memory is largely unknown. Here, we report roles of DA signaling within the hippocampal-prefrontal circuit for opiate-related memories. Combining-conditioned place preference (CPP) with molecular analyses, we investigated the DA D1 receptor (D1R) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) signaling, as well as DA D2 receptor (D2R) and protein kinase B (PKB or Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) signaling in the ventral hippocampus (vHip) and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) during the formation of opiate-related associative memories...
April 17, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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