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Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30426577/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-was-positively-associated-with-micronutrient-adequacy-and-negatively-associated-with-dietary-energy-density-among-adolescents
#1
W Peng, E M Berry, R Goldsmith
BACKGROUND: The possible associations between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and micronutrient and energy intakes are unknown among Israeli adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional, nationally representative, school-based study was conducted in Israeli adolescents. Schoolchildren (n = 5005), aged 11-18 years, who completed a food frequency questionnaire and had complete data to compose a 14-item modified KIDMED score were included. RESULTS: The nutrient intakes for all the micronutrients showed a significant monotonic increase in the poor, average and good KIDMED groups (all P < 0...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412327/international-survey-on-growth-indices-and-impacting-factors-in-children-with-food-allergies
#2
R Meyer, K Wright, M C Vieira, K W Chong, P Chatchatee, B J Vlieg-Boerstra, M Groetch, G Dominguez-Ortega, S Heath, A Lang, L Archibald-Durham, R Rao, R De Boer, A Assa'ad, E Trewella, C Venter
BACKGROUND: Elimination diets required for the management of food allergies increase the risk for poor growth in children. Currently, no worldwide data exist on this topic and limited published data exist on the impact of atopic comorbidity, type of allergy and foods eliminated on growth. We therefore set out to perform a worldwide survey on growth and impacting factors in food allergic children. METHODS: A prospective growth survey was performed of children (aged 0-16 years) on an elimination diet with confirmed immunoglobulin (Ig)E and non-IgE mediated food allergies...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378203/efficacy-of-a-mediterranean-diet-supplemented-with-fatty-fish-in-ameliorating-inflammation-in-paediatric-asthma-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
M M Papamichael, Ch Katsardis, K Lambert, D Tsoukalas, M Koutsilieris, B Erbas, C Itsiopoulos
BACKGROUND: Childhood asthma is the most common respiratory disorder worldwide, being associated with increased morbidity and a decreased quality of life. Omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties; however, their efficacy in asthma is controversial. The present study aimed to examine the efficacy of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with a high omega-3 'fatty' fish intake in Greek asthmatic children. METHODS: A single-centred, 6-month, parallel randomised controlled trial compared the consumption of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with two meals of 150 g of cooked fatty fish weekly (intervention) with the usual diet (control) with respect to pulmonary function in children (aged 5-12 years) with mild asthma...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30357949/alternative-healthy-eating-index-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
B Panahande, A Sadeghi, M Parohan
BACKGROUND: A high adherence to healthy dietary patterns, such as an alternative healthy eating index (AHEI), has been suggested to have protective effects on bone mineral density and to decrease the incidence of fractures, although the evidence for this is not clear. We conducted a dose-response meta-analysis of available observational studies aiming to assess the association between adherence to a healthy dietary pattern, as assessed by the AHEI score, and risk of hip fracture in the general population...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334301/improving-the-nutritional-intake-of-hospital-patients-how-far-have-we-come-a-re-audit
#5
S Beavan, R Baker, H Sadler, A Collinson
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition affects up to 33.6% of hospitalised patients, with consequences that are detrimental for both patients and healthcare providers. In 2015, an audit demonstrated inadequate nutritional provision and consumption by hospitalised patients, comprising a major risk factor for malnutrition. This re-audit evaluates whether patients are meeting recommended energy and protein standards and estimated individual requirements, subsequent to food service improvements since 2015...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328172/dietetics-students-experiences-of-dietetics-workforce-preparation-and-preparedness-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis
#6
REVIEW
K Morgan, K L Campbell, D P Reidlinger
BACKGROUND: Dietetics students are a widely researched group. As emerging dietitians, they can provide valuable insights to inform how dietetics education programmes may be enhanced to meet contemporary healthcare needs. This review aimed to systematically synthesise dietetics students' experiences of dietetics workforce preparation. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, ERIC, Informit and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global were searched to identify research published until June 2017...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318663/weight-improvement-with-the-use-of-protein-and-energy-enriched-nutritional-formula-in-infants-with-a-prolonged-picu-stay
#7
R D Eveleens, D K Dungen, S C A T Verbruggen, J M Hulst, K F M Joosten
BACKGROUND: Reaching an optimal nutritional intake is challenging in critically ill infants. One possible way to minimise nutritional deficits is the use of protein and energy-enriched (PE)-formulas. We aimed to describe weight achievement and gastrointestinal symptoms in infants admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) while receiving PE-formula for a prolonged period. METHODS: Records from infants admitted to a multidisciplinary PICU and using PE-formula were analysed retrospectively...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318634/ethnic-differences-in-body-image-perception-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
S Toselli, E Gualdi-Russo, F Campa
BACKGROUND: The present study compared the prevalence of obesity, fat distribution, body image perception and lifestyle among diabetic African and Albanian immigrants living in Italy, as well as diabetic Italians, aiming to identify health risks and their possible causes. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 200 diabetic subjects living in Italy. A questionnaire regarding socio-demographic and lifestyle information was administered to participants, and anthropometric measurements and body image perception were assessed...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311276/street-food-research-worldwide-a-scoping-review
#9
REVIEW
K Abrahale, S Sousa, G Albuquerque, P Padrão, N Lunet
BACKGROUND: Street foods vary with respect to their nutritional value and safety characteristics and contribute to a sizable proportion of food intake in many populations worldwide. Therefore, the present study aimed to describe the coverage in the scientific literature of different health-related and socio-economic aspects of street food consumption and trading. METHODS: Three electronic databases (searched from inception to 16 October 2017), a hand-search of relevant journals and backward citation tracking were used to identify eligible scientific articles with a main objective of investigating or reporting specific results on health-related or socio-economic aspects of street food...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294938/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-nutrition-interventions-for-chronic-noncancer-pain
#10
REVIEW
K Brain, T L Burrows, M E Rollo, L K Chai, E D Clarke, C Hayes, F J Hodson, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the impact of nutrition interventions on participant reported pain severity and intensity in populations with chronic pain. METHODS: Eight databases were systematically searched for studies that included adult populations with a chronic pain condition, a nutrition intervention and a measure of pain. Where possible, data were pooled using meta-analysis. Seventy-one studies were included, with 23 being eligible for meta-analysis...
October 7, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280436/experiences-of-coeliac-disease-in-a-changing-gluten-free-landscape
#11
J A King, G G Kaplan, J Godley
BACKGROUND: Coeliac disease is an autoimmune disorder triggered by the ingestion of gluten. In recent years, there has been considerable increase in the availability of gluten-free products in North America. The present study investigated how the recent proliferation of the gluten-free industry has affected individuals living with coeliac disease, with a primary focus on their social lives and relationships. METHODS: Interpretive phenomenology was utilised for study design and analysis...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264530/oral-nutrition-support-interventions-for-patients-who-are-malnourished-or-at-risk-of-malnutrition-a-survey-of-clinical-practice-amongst-uk-dietitians
#12
M Gibbs, N Drey, C Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Guidance on choosing oral nutritional support strategies varies and the evidence for different approaches is discordant. The present study aimed to examine opinion and practice in the use of oral nutritional support amongst UK dietitians and to assess the factors that influence these clinical decisions. METHODS: The study comprised a cross-sectional, anonymous, national survey of UK dietitians. RESULTS: There were 207 completed responses (3% response rate)...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30253441/-there-is-such-a-thing-as-too-healthy-the-impact-of-minimum-nutritional-guidelines-on-school-food-practices-in-secondary-schools
#13
S Addis, S Murphy
BACKGROUND: Pressure to improve school meals has resulted in stringent nutritional guidelines across the UK. In Wales, the 'Appetite for Life' guidelines of 2008 resulted in significant changes to the provision of food in Welsh schools. Although evaluation of these changes has focussed on nutritional quality, there is little evidence of how pupils perceive these changes and their impact on school food practices. Using a Collective Lifestyles approach, the present study reports how secondary school pupils perceive and negotiate menu changes and the implications for lunchtime practices...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30182376/the-impact-of-a-primary-health-care-intervention-on-infant-feeding-practices-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-in-brazil
#14
V R Ferreira, C N Sangalli, P S Leffa, F Rauber, M R Vitolo
BACKGROUND: Proper feeding practices in early life can enhance the full human potential development of children. We aimed to evaluate the impact of a primary health care intervention on infant feeding practices among children from low-income families. METHODS: A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Healthcare centres were randomised into intervention (n = 9) and control (n = 11) groups. In intervention sites, health workers were trained in accordance with the national guidelines...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159922/are-the-therapeutic-strategies-in-anorexia-of-ageing-effective-on-nutritional-status-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
S Perna, M Rondanelli, D Spadaccini, A Lenzi, L M Donini, E Poggiogalle
BACKGROUND: Anorexia of ageing (AA) may be considered as a risk factor for frailty and has an important impact on quality of life, morbidity and mortality. METHODS: A systematic review and a meta-analysis were performed to summarise the results from several trials on the effectiveness of treatments in AA, as associated with depression, sensory impairment of taste and smell, decreased appetite or early satiety, and disability. Eligible studies were required to report baseline and follow-up values, the mean change (∆-change) from baseline, and/or the mean difference among intervention groups versus control group, concerning food intake (kcal/daily) and/or nutritional outcomes, such as body weight, body mass index, albumin and Mini Nutritional Assessment...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151949/a-qualitative-exploration-of-patients-experiences-with-and-perceptions-of-recommencing-feeding-after-colorectal-surgery
#16
M Rattray, A P Marshall, B Desbrow, S Roberts
BACKGROUND: Many patients who undergo lower gastrointestinal surgery neither recommence feeding within timeframes outlined by evidence-based guidelines, nor meet their nutrition requirements in hospital. Given that the success of timely and adequate post-operative feeding is largely reliant on patient adherence, the present study explored patients' perceptions of recommencing feeding after colorectal surgery to determine areas of improvement to meet their needs and expectations. METHODS: This qualitative study involved one-on-one, semi-structured interviews with patients receiving care after colorectal surgery in an Australian tertiary teaching hospital...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141234/effect-of-fto-rs9930506-on-obesity-and-interaction-of-the-gene-variants-with-dietary-protein-and-vitamin-e-on-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-multi-ethnic-malaysian-adults
#17
S R Mitra, P Y Tan, F Amini
BACKGROUND: Individual variations of obesity-related traits can be a consequence of dietary influence on gene variants. METHODS: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate (i) the effect of FTO rs9930506 on obesity and related parameters and (ii) the influence of diet on the above association in Malaysian adults. In total, 79 obese and 99 nonobese Malaysian adults were recruited. RESULTS: In comparison with Chinese and Malays, Indians had significantly higher waist circumference (P ≤ 0...
August 23, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30431217/vitamin-d-supplementation-and-its-influence-on-muscle-strength-and-mobility-in-community-dwelling-older-persons-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091209/adherence-to-the-healthy-nordic-food-index-and-the-incidence-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-mortality-among-patients-with-stable-angina-pectoris
#19
N G Puaschitz, J Assmus, E Strand, T Karlsson, K J Vinknes, V Lysne, C A Drevon, G S Tell, J Dierkes, O Nygård
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Nordic Food Index (HNFI) has been associated with beneficial effects on markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Whether such effects are present among patients with established coronary heart disease is unknown. In the present study, we investigated the association between adherence to the HNFI and the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (fatal or nonfatal) and death among patients with stable angina pectoris. METHODS: In the Western Norway B-vitamin Intervention Trial, participants completed a 169-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073712/effect-of-oropharyngeal-colostrum-therapy-in-the-prevention-of-necrotising-enterocolitis-among-very-low-birthweight-neonates-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
B D Garg, H Balasubramanian, N S Kabra, A Bansal
BACKGROUND: Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most common life-threatening emergencies of the gastrointestinal tract in preterm neonates. The present study aimed to determine the efficacy of oropharyngeal colostrum with respect to reducing NEC in preterm neonates. METHODS: A literature search was conducted for various randomised control trials by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, EMBASE and ongoing clinical trials...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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