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Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009068/development-and-validation-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-assess-omega-3-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-intake-in-australian-children-aged-9-13-years
#1
S Rahmawaty, K Charlton, P Lyons-Wall, B J Meyer
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to develop a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) assessing dietary omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 LCPUFA) intake in Australian children and to validate the FFQ against a 7-day food diary. METHODS: The investigation comprised a cross-sectional and validation study. The study setting was two private primary schools in the in the Illawarra region of New South Wales. Twenty-two Australian children, aged 9-13 years, who were not on a special diet or receiving medical care that limited their food choice in the 3 months prior to recruitment, were recruited into the study...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990698/dietary-strategies-for-achieving-adequate-vitamin-d-and-iron-intakes-in-young-children-in-ireland
#2
L Kehoe, J Walton, B A McNulty, A P Nugent, A Flynn
BACKGROUND: Inadequate intakes of vitamin D and iron have been reported in young children in Ireland. The present study aimed to identify the main foods determining vitamin D and iron intakes and to model the impact of dietary strategies to improve adequacy of these micronutrients in young children. METHODS: The present study is based on the Irish National Pre-School Nutrition Survey (NPNS), which estimated food and nutrient intakes in a representative sample (n = 500) of children (aged 1-4 years) using a 4-day weighed food record...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933679/supplementation-with-nutrients-modulating-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-negatively-correlated-with-changes-in-the-levels-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people-at-risk-of-undernutrition
#3
M Kim, M Kim, Y J Lee, H J Song, J K Shim, D H Chang, W K Yu, S-H Lee, J H Lee
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal nutrition accompanied by chronic low-grade increases in circulating cytokine levels is more common in elderly people. We explored the improvement in nutritional status, especially in the level of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and its relationship with changes in circulating cytokine levels, after providing extra protein and energy content to community-dwelling older adults at risk of undernutrition. METHODS: Sixty nondiabetic subjects, aged ≥65 years and living independently in a community for elderly people, with a serum pre-albumin level ≤30 mg dL(-1) and a body mass index <25 kg m(-2) , were recruited...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412890/association-between-gestational-weight-gain-and-risk-of-obesity-in-preadolescence-a-longitudinal-study-1997-2007-of-5125-children-in-greece
#4
S P Mourtakos, K D Tambalis, D B Panagiotakos, G Antonogeorgos, C D Alexi, M Georgoulis, G Saade, L S Sidossis
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to investigate the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) and birth weight, as well as the body mass index (BMI) status, of children at the ages of 2 and 8 years. METHODS: Population-based data were obtained from a database of all 7-9-year-old Greek children who attended primary school during 1997-2007. The study sample consisted of 5125 children matched with their mothers, randomly selected according to region and place of residence, and equally distributed (approximately 500 per year) throughout the study period (1997-2007)...
February 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412573/dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-colorectal-adenoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#5
J Godos, F Bella, A Torrisi, S Sciacca, F Galvano, G Grosso
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests that dietary patterns may play an important role in colorectal cancer risk. The present study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies exploring the association between dietary patterns and colorectal adenomas (a precancerous condition). METHODS: Pubmed and EMBASE electronic databases were systematically searched to retrieve eligible studies. Only studies exploring the risk or association with colorectal adenomas for the highest versus lowest category of exposure to a posteriori dietary patterns were included in the quantitative analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357098/outcomes-of-a-community-based-weight-management-programme-for-morbidly-obese-populations
#6
L Nield, S Kelly
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is an ongoing concern worldwide. There is a paucity of research reporting primary care outcomes focussed on complex and morbidly obese populations. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends a specialist, multidisciplinary weight management team for the successful management of such populations. This is the first service evaluation reporting both primary (weight change) and secondary [body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, physical activity levels, fruit and vegetable intake, Rosenberg self-esteem score] outcomes in these patients...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333813/the-accuracy-of-dietary-recall-of-infant-feeding-and-food-allergen-data
#7
Z van Zyl, K Maslin, T Dean, R Blaauw, C Venter
BACKGROUND: Research investigating the association of infant dietary factors with later health outcomes often relies on maternal recall. It is unclear what the effect of recall bias is on the accuracy of the information obtained. The present study aimed to determine the extent of recall bias on the accuracy of infant feeding and food allergen data collected 10 years later. METHODS: Mothers were recruited from a prospective birth cohort from the Isle of Wight. When their child was 10 years of age (2011/2012), mothers were requested to complete a retrospective infant feeding questionnaire asking the same questions as those solicited in 2001/2002...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302247/meats-milk-and-fat-consumption-in-colorectal-cancer
#8
R F Tayyem, H A Bawadi, I Shehadah, S S AbuMweis, L M Agraib, T Al-Jaberi, M Al-Nusairr, D D Heath, K E Bani-Hani
BACKGROUND: Data from several studies suggest that a diet high in meat, including processed meat and fat, may have an association with the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between meats, dairy products, fat consumption and the risk of CRC in Jordanians. A case-control study was performed at the five largest hospitals in Jordan. Dietary data were collected from 220 diagnosed cases of CRC and 281 healthy disease-free controls...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302147/setting-targets-leads-to-greater-long-term-weight-losses-and-unrealistic-targets-increase-the-effect-in-a-large-community-based-commercial-weight-management-group
#9
A Avery, S C Langley-Evans, M Harrington, J A Swift
BACKGROUND: Setting personal targets is an important behavioural component in weight management programmes. Normal practice is to encourage 'realistic' weight loss, although the underlying evidence base for this is limited and controversial. The present study investigates the effect of number and size of weight-loss targets on long-term weight loss in a large community sample of adults. METHODS: Weight change, attendance and target weight data for all new UK members, joining from January to March 2012, were extracted from a commercial slimming organisation's electronic database...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298213/taste-preference-food-neophobia-and-nutritional-intake-in-children-consuming-a-cows-milk-exclusion-diet-a-prospective-study
#10
K Maslin, K Grimshaw, E Oliver, G Roberts, S H Arshad, T Dean, J Grundy, G Glasbey, C Venter
BACKGROUND: Taste exposure in infancy is known to predict food preferences later in childhood. This is particularly relevant in children with cows' milk allergy who consume a substitute formula and/or a cows' milk exclusion (CME) diet early in life. This prospective study aimed to show whether there is a long-term effect of consuming a substitute formula and CME diet on taste preferences and dietary intake. METHODS: Children were predominantly recruited from two large birth cohort studies in the UK...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298113/evaluation-of-the-nutritional-status-of-older-hospitalised-geriatric-patients-a-comparative-analysis-of-a-mini-nutritional-assessment-mna-version-and-the-nutritional-risk-screening-nrs-2002
#11
S Christner, M Ritt, D Volkert, R Wirth, C C Sieber, K-G Gaßmann
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate a short-form (MNA-SF) version of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), in which some of the items were operationalised, based on scores from tools used for a comprehensive geriatric assessment, as a method for analysing the nutritional status of hospitalised geriatric patients. We compared this MNA-SF version with the corresponding MNA long-form (MNA-LF) and Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) in terms of completion rate, prevalence and agreement regarding malnutrition and/or the risk of this...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231148/nutritional-intervention-as-part-of-functional-rehabilitation-in-older-people-with-reduced-functional-ability-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-studies
#12
A M Beck, E Dent, C Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Nutritional intervention is increasingly recognised as having an important role in functional rehabilitation for older people. Nonetheless, a greater understanding of the functional benefit of nutritional interventions is needed. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis examined randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published between 2007 and 2014 with the aim of determining whether nutritional intervention combined with rehabilitation benefited older people with reduced functional ability...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230826/implementation-of-nutrition-risk-screening-using-the-malnutrition-universal-screening-tool-across-a-large-metropolitan-health-service
#13
P L Cooper, R Raja, J Golder, A J Stewart, R F Shaikh, M Apostolides, J Savva, J L Sequeira, M A Silvers
BACKGROUND: A standardised nutrition risk screening (NRS) programme with ongoing education is recommended for the successful implementation of NRS. This project aimed to develop and implement a standardised NRS and education process across the adult bed-based services of a large metropolitan health service and to achieve a 75% NRS compliance at 12 months post-implementation. METHODS: A working party of Monash Health (MH) dietitians and a nutrition technician revised an existing NRS medical record form consisting of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool and nutrition management guidelines...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27214197/the-effect-of-soy-or-isoflavones-on-homocysteine-levels-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#14
X Song, R Zeng, L Ni, C Liu
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of soy or isoflavones on blood homocysteine levels via a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library (up to 16 December 2015) were used for the literature review. Only randomised controlled trials were included. The primary outcome was the standard mean difference (SMD) of blood homocysteine levels between the experimental and control groups. RESULTS: Nineteen randomised controlled studies were included for qualitative analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137882/body-composition-and-functional-assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-adults-a-narrative-review-of-imaging-impedance-strength-and-functional-techniques
#15
S Smith, A M Madden
The accurate and valid assessment of body composition is essential for the diagnostic evaluation of nutritional status, identifying relevant outcome measures, and determining the effectiveness of current and future nutritional interventions. Developments in technology and our understanding of the influences of body composition on risk and outcome will provide practitioners with new opportunities to enhance current practice and to lead future improvements in practice. This is the second of a two-part narrative review that aims to critically evaluate body composition methodology in diverse adult populations, with a primary focus on its use in the assessment and monitoring of under-nutrition...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126177/implementing-healthier-foodservice-guidelines-in-hospital-and-federal-worksite-cafeterias-barriers-facilitators-and-keys-to-success
#16
S B Jilcott Pitts, J Graham, A Mojica, L Stewart, M Walter, C Schille, J McGinty, M Pearsall, O Whitt, P Mihas, A Bradley, C Simon
BACKGROUND: Healthy foodservice guidelines are being implemented in worksites and healthcare facilities to increase access to healthy foods by employees and public populations. However, little is known about the barriers to and facilitators of implementation. The present study aimed to examine barriers to and facilitators of implementation of healthy foodservice guidelines in federal worksite and hospital cafeterias. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods approach, including a quantitative survey followed by a qualitative, in-depth interview, we examined: (i) barriers to and facilitators of implementation; (ii) behavioural design strategies used to promote healthier foods and beverages; and (iii) how implementation of healthy foodservice guidelines influenced costs and profitability...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27028666/a-prospective-study-comparing-prophylactic-gastrostomy-to-nutritional-counselling-with-a-therapeutic-feeding-tube-if-required-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-undergoing-chemoradiotherapy-in-thai-real-world-practice
#17
P Pramyothin, S Manyanont, A Trakarnsanga, J Petsuksiri, S Ithimakin
BACKGROUND: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is the standard treatment for head and neck (HN) cancer patients. Most patients experience malnutrition and weight loss during treatment because of mucositis and difficulty in swallowing. Prevention of malnutrition may allow more patients to complete their treatment. The present study aimed to examine whether prophylactic gastrostomy tube (PGT) could reduce treatment interruption, prevent malnutrition and maintain quality of life, especially in Thai patients who generally do not accept feeding tubes...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779331/comparisons-of-physical-activity-adipokines-vitamin-d-status-and-dietary-vitamin-d-intake-among-adolescents
#18
K V Giudici, R M Fisberg, D M Marchioni, L A Martini
BACKGROUND: Considering that lifestyle and diet are key factors responsible for the increases in adiposity in youth, it is important to understand how vitamin D, adipokines and markers of glucose metabolism are related to physical activity level (PAL) during growth. The present study aimed to investigate associations between physical activity level, adiponectin/leptin ratio, vitamin D status and dietary vitamin D intake among adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with adolescents aged 14-18 years old who were living in São Paulo, Brazil...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747955/an-evaluation-of-diabetes-targeted-apps-for-android-smartphone-in-relation-to-behaviour-change-techniques
#19
C D Hoppe, J E Cade, M Carter
BACKGROUND: Mobile applications (apps) could support diabetes management through dietary, weight and blood glucose self-monitoring, as well as by promoting behaviour change. The present study aimed to evaluate diabetes apps for content, functions and behaviour change techniques (BCTs). METHODS: Diabetes self-management apps for Android smartphones were searched for on the Google Play Store. Ten apps each from the following search terms were included; 'diabetes', 'diabetes type 1', 'diabetes type 2', 'gestational diabetes'...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731529/dietary-intake-in-people-consuming-a-reduced-carbohydrate-diet-in-the-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey
#20
N Guess
BACKGROUND: Diets reduced or low in carbohydrates are becoming increasingly popular. The replacement foods and their accompanying nutrients determine the health effects of such diets. However, little is known about the dietary intake of people consuming reduced or low carbohydrate diets. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the dietary and nutrient intake of individuals aged 16-75 years consuming less than 40% of energy from carbohydrate (n = 430) was compared with individuals consuming equal to or more than 40% energy from carbohydrate (n = 1833) using the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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