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Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009480/different-associations-between-body-composition-and-alcohol-when-assessed-by-exposure-frequency-or-by-quantitative-estimates-of-consumption
#1
M E J Lean, P Vlachou, L Govan, T S Han
BACKGROUND: Alcohol intake is widely assumed to contribute to excess body fatness, especially among young men; however, the evidence is inconsistent. We have addressed this research question by investigating associations between reported alcohol consumption and body composition from large representative national surveys in a high alcohol-consuming country with a high obesity prevalence. METHODS: The present study comprised a secondary analysis of combined cross-sectional nationally representative Scottish Health Surveys (1995-2010)...
July 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992661/texture-modified-foods-and-thickened-fluids-used-in-dysphagia-israeli-standardised-terminology-and-definitions
#2
M Icht, O Bergerzon-Bitton, J Kachal, R Goldsmith, O Herzberg, R Endevelt
BACKGROUND: Texture-modified foods and thickened fluids are used as a strategy that aims to compensate for dysphagia and improve the safety and efficiency of swallowing. Currently, in Israel, there are no standardised terminologies and definitions for texture-modified diets. The inconsistent terminology adversely affects patient safety and the efficiency of communication between staff members both within and between health institutions. This present study describes a project of the Israeli Ministry of Health in which the labels and definitions of prevalent foods and fluids used in health institutions are mapped to develop a consensus on national standards...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989236/room-service-in-a-public-hospital-improves-nutritional-intake-and-increases-patient-satisfaction-while-decreasing-food-waste-and-cost
#3
S McCray, K Maunder, L Barsha, K Mackenzie-Shalders
BACKGROUND: Room service (RS) is a hospital foodservice model that is traditionally unique to the private sector. It allows patients to order meals compliant to their nutritional requirements from a single integrated menu at a time that suits them. Meals are prepared and delivered within 45 min of order. Following implementation in a private adult facility in 2013, Mater Group implemented the first RS in a public adult facility in Australia in 2016. In a pre-post study comparing RS with a traditional foodservice model (TM), key outcomes were measured and analysed...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984532/a-systematic-literature-review-of-the-effect-of-anthocyanins-on-gut-microbiota-populations
#4
REVIEW
E O Igwe, K E Charlton, Y C Probst, K Kent, M E Netzel
BACKGROUND: Evidence has shown that anthocyanins, a subclass of polyphenol, are metabolised in the gut, modulate bacterial species and exert bioactive effects through this interaction. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken to determine the level of current evidence for the association between anthocyanin intake and changes in gut microbiota populations. The studies included were also assessed for the different techniques used in microbiota determination...
July 8, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963727/engaging-the-patient-improving-dietary-intake-and-meal-experience-through-bedside-terminal-meal-ordering-for-oncology-patients
#5
V Barrington, K Maunder, A Kelaart
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to determine changes in patient dietary intake, plate waste and meal experience associated with the implementation of a patient-directed bedside electronic meal ordering system (BMOS) compared to traditional paper menus (PMs). METHODS: The study evaluated the effect of a BMOS compared to PM at an oncology hospital between 2015 and 2016. Patient dietary intake, plate waste and patient meal experience were the key outcomes measured...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952057/early-post-operative-diet-upgrade-in-older-patients-may-improve-energy-and-protein-intake-but-patients-still-eat-poorly-an-observational-pilot-study
#6
A Byrnes, J Worrall, A Young, A Mudge, M Banks, J Bauer
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is prevalent across acute care facilities, particularly in older patients, and contributes to poor surgical outcomes. Clinical practice guidelines recommend the early reintroduction of a full oral diet post-operatively. The present study aimed to compare estimated energy (EEI) and protein (EPI) intake of patients who received early diet upgrade with those who did not. METHODS: Patients ≥65 years admitted post-operatively to general surgical wards were included...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926996/-for-me-it-s-about-not-feeling-like-i-m-on-a-diet-a-thematic-analysis-of-women-s-experiences-of-an-intermittent-energy-restricted-diet-to-reduce-breast-cancer-risk
#7
L S Donnelly, R L Shaw, M Pegington, C J Armitage, D G Evans, A Howell, M N Harvie
BACKGROUND: Weight-loss programmes requiring intermittent energy restriction offer an alternative to continuous energy restriction programmes that typically have low adherence. We reported greater weight loss, better adherence and spontaneous reduced energy intake on healthy eating days with intermittent as opposed to continuous energy restriction. The present study aims to explore why intermittent energy restriction diets exert these positive effects. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 13 women aged 39-62 years, who followed a 4-month intermittent energy restriction (2 days of low energy/low carbohydrate, 5 days of healthy eating)...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926993/do-the-contemporary-dietary-patterns-of-children-align-with-national-food-and-nutrient-recommendations
#8
K-L Holmes, M E Rollo, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: Childhood nutrition is important in optimising growth, development and future health. The present study compared dietary intakes of Australian children aged 4-8 years with (i) Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE) food group recommendations and (ii) age-specific Nutrient Reference Values (NRVs), in addition to (iii) describing food group intakes of children meeting key NRVs. METHODS: Data were obtained from a representative sample of children (n = 789) from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey between May 2011 and June 2012...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888471/theory-informed-nutrition-education-curriculum-tools-for-feeling-good-promotes-healthy-eating-patterns-among-fifth-grade-pupils-cross-sectional-study
#9
T Tilles-Tirkkonen, O Nuutinen, S Sinikallio, K Poutanen, L Karhunen
BACKGROUND: The eating patterns of school-aged children rarely meet recommendations: meal frequency is irregular and the consumption of vegetables is lower and sugar-sweetened products higher than recommended. Although school is an excellent arena for nutrition education to support pupils eating patterns, teachers usually lack efficient tools. The present study aimed to develop a curriculum for nutrition education to be used by teachers and to examine its efficacy in the school environment with respect to the eating patterns of pupils...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888424/workplace-learning-and-career-progression-qualitative-perspectives-of-uk-dietitians
#10
R C Boocock, R K O'Rourke
BACKGROUND: Post-graduate education and continuous professional development (CPD) within dietetics lack clearly defined pathways. The current literature primarily focuses on new graduate perceptions of workplace learning (WPL). The present study raises issues of how CPD is sustained throughout a National Health Service (NHS) career, how informal learning might be made more visible and whether the workplace withholds learning opportunities. METHODS: Qualified dietitians participated in focus groups (n = 32) and a nominal group technique (n = 24)...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882336/nutritional-status-and-interventions-in-hospice-physician-assessment-of-cancer-patients
#11
B Flynn, M Barrett, J Sui, C Halpin, G Paz, D Walsh
BACKGROUND: Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial syndrome characterised by a progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass. It adversely influences quality of life, treatment response and survival. Early identification and multimodal interventions can potentially treat cancer cachexia. However, healthcare professionals demonstrate a lack of understanding and the ability to identify cancer cachexia early. The present study aimed to evaluate the assessment by physicians of nutritional status in cancer patients admitted to hospice...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882225/advancing-practice-in-dietitians-communication-and-nutrition-counselling-skills-a-workplace-education-program
#12
S Notaras, M Mak, N Wilson
BACKGROUND: Communication is the primary method in which dietitians conduct their practice. However, continuing education and competency standards are often focused on clinical knowledge and skills, with few programs being available to improve the communication and nutrition counselling skills of dietitians. Dietitians have reported reduced confidence in the knowledge and use of these skills, particularly when dealing with people who are struggling to find motivation to change their eating behaviours...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862589/a-holistic-approach-to-healthy-ageing-how-can-people-live-longer-healthier-lives
#13
REVIEW
P C Calder, S R Carding, G Christopher, D Kuh, S C Langley-Evans, H McNulty
BACKGROUND: Although lifespan is increasing, there is no evidence to suggest that older people are experiencing better health in their later years than previous generations. Nutrition, at all stages of life, plays an important role in determining health and wellbeing. METHODS: A roundtable meeting of UK experts on nutrition and ageing considered key aspects of the diet-ageing relationship and developed a consensus position on the main priorities for research and public health actions that are required to help people live healthier lives as they age...
June 3, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799655/adherence-to-canada-s-food-guide-recommendations-among-alberta-s-multi-ethnic-youths-is-a-major-concern-findings-from-the-why-act-now-project
#14
F Kolahdooz, F Nader, M Daemi, S L Jang, N Johnston, S Sharma
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits formed during youth may result in the development of obesity and chronic diseases in adulthood. We aimed to determine the frequency of the consumption of foods and beverages and the degree of adherence to Canada's Food Guide recommendations among multi-ethnic youths. METHODS: Participants were recruited from 12 schools in the Edmonton, Alberta area by use of posters, school newsletters and advertisements. A 30-item food frequency questionnaire was administered by a trained interviewer to assess dietary intake in a convenience sample of 557 (328 females and 229 males) youths aged 11-23 years; for the purpose of the present study, only the 14-18 years age group was considered in the analysis...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766593/carbohydrate-knowledge-lifestyle-and-insulin-an-observational-study-of-their-association-with-glycaemic-control-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#15
K Smythe, M Saw, M Mak, V W Wong
BACKGROUND: The ability to achieve optimal glycaemic control varies widely among individuals with type 1 diabetes. The present study aimed to explore the factors that are associated with optimal glycaemic control compared to suboptimal control. METHODS: An observational study design was used to explore the association of various factors with glycaemic control. Surveys were completed by individuals who attended the type 1 diabetes clinic at a tertiary hospital in New South Wales (NSW), Australia...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761582/blended-diets-for-gastrostomy-fed-children-and-young-people-a-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
Anne Breaks, Christina Smith, Steven Bloch, Sally Morgan
BACKGROUND: The present review aimed to identify what is known about the use of blended diets in gastrostomy fed children and young people (i.e. children and young people refers to those who are aged up to 25 years with special educational needs or a disability in accordance with Part 3 of the Children and Family Act 2014; within the review, the word children is used for simplicity but encompasses young people too) and to identify gaps in the literature on this topic to inform future research and policy...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744944/association-between-dietary-carbohydrate-quality-and-the-prevalence-of-obesity-and-hypertension
#17
D-Y Kim, S H Kim, H Lim
BACKGROUND: Dietary carbohydrate quality may play an important role in disease development. We evaluated the association between carbohydrate quality index (CQI) and the prevalence of obesity and metabolic disorders among adults in South Korea. METHODS: We analysed 12 027 adults aged 19-64 years from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). CQI was based on four criteria: crude fibre intake, dietary glycaemic index (DGI), whole grains/total grains ratio and solid carbohydrates/total carbohydrates ratio...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744938/accurate-determination-of-energy-requirements-in-hospitalised-patients-with-parenteral-nutrition
#18
G Quiroz-Olguín, I Medina-Vera, A E Serralde-Zúñiga, A Gulias-Herrero, A I Sánchez-Rosales, M Guevara-Cruz
BACKGROUND: The prescription of parenteral nutrition (PN) in hospitalised patients requires an estimation of the energy requirements. Most studies employing prediction equations (PEs) to estimate energy requirements have focused on critically ill patients. The present study aimed to evaluate several PEs of the resting energy expenditure (REE) to identify the most accurate equation for estimating the REE required for PN. METHODS: This cross-sectional and descriptive study included patients hospitalised with medical or surgical diagnoses, making them candidates for PN...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660174/update-of-diabetes-uk-evidence-based-nutritional-guidelines-for-2018-a-celebration-of-two-leading-journals-working-together-to-improve-nutritional-science-and-dietetic-care-for-people-living-with-diabetes
#19
D D Mellor, S Langley-Evans, R I G Holt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543356/vital-change-for-mums-a-feasibility-study-investigating-tailored-nutrition-and-exercise-care-delivered-by-video-consultations-for-women-3-12-months-postpartum
#20
L Vincze, M E Rollo, M J Hutchesson, R Callister, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: A tailored approach to nutrition and physical activity advice can support women following childbirth in managing barriers (i.e. time and childcare) to making healthy lifestyle changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the implementation, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a personally tailored nutrition and exercise programme for postpartum women delivered via video-consultations by an accredited practising dietitian (APD) and accredited exercise physiologist (AEP)...
June 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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