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Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205569/no-difference-in-self-reported-frequency-of-choking-between-infants-introduced-to-solid-foods-using-a-baby-led-weaning-or-traditional-spoon-feeding-approach
#1
A Brown
BACKGROUND: Baby-led weaning (BLW) where infants self-feed family foods during the period that they are introduced to solid foods is growing in popularity. The method may promote healthier eating patterns, although concerns have been raised regarding its safety. The present study therefore explored choking frequency amongst babies who were being introduced to solid foods using a baby-led or traditional spoon-fed approach. METHODS: In total, 1151 mothers with an infant aged 4-12 months reported how they introduced solid foods to their infant (following a strict BLW, loose BLW or traditional weaning style) and frequency of spoon-feeding and puree use (percentage of mealtimes)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171120/quality-of-development-and-reporting-of-dietetic-intervention-studies-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
L E Ball, I K Sladdin, L J Mitchell, K A Barnes, L J Ross, L T Williams
BACKGROUND: High-quality research methodologies and clear reporting of studies are essential to facilitate confidence in research findings. The aim of the present study was to conduct an in-depth examination of the methodological quality and reporting of studies included in a recent systematic review of dietitians' effectiveness at providing individualised nutrition care to adult patients. METHODS: The methodological quality and reporting of 27 Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) were appraised using the UK Medical Research Council (MRC) Guidelines for complex interventions and the CONSORT checklist for reporting RCTs...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171112/the-impact-of-social-deprivation-on-the-response-to-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-weight-management-intervention-bewel-for-people-at-increased-risk-of-colorectal-cancer
#3
A Fisher, A M Craigie, M Macleod, R J C Steele, A S Anderson
BACKGROUND: Although 45% of colorectal cancer (CRC) cases may be avoidable through appropriate lifestyle and weight management, health promotion interventions run the risk of widening health inequalities. The BeWEL randomised controlled trial assessed the impact of a diet and activity programme in overweight adults who were diagnosed with a colorectal adenoma, demonstrating a significantly greater weight loss at 12 months in intervention participants than in controls. The present study aimed to compare BeWEL intervention outcomes by participant deprivation status...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160007/identification-of-factors-contributing-to-successful-self-directed-weight-loss-a-qualitative-study
#4
N Rafiei, T Gill
BACKGROUND: Despite the number of weight management programmes and their wide promotion, most overweight and obese individuals tend to lose weight on their own. The present study aimed to understand the characteristics and strategies of those who successfully engage in self-directed weight loss, which could empower other overweight and obese individuals with information and strategies to manage their weight on their own. METHODS: Men and women who had lost at least 5% of their body weight without direct interaction with professionals or weight management programmes were recruited...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159932/barriers-to-adopting-a-mediterranean-diet-in-northern-european-adults-at-high-risk-of-developing-cardiovascular-disease
#5
S E Moore, C T McEvoy, L Prior, J Lawton, C C Patterson, F Kee, M Cupples, I S Young, K Appleton, M C McKinley, J V Woodside
BACKGROUND: Strong evidence links the consumption of a Mediterranean diet (MD) with a reduced cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, there is uncertainty as to whether non-Mediterranean regions will adopt this diet. The present qualitative research aimed to investigate attitudes towards a MD in individuals at high CVD risk in a Northern European population. This information is needed to inform development of MD interventions in non-Mediterranean high-risk populations. METHODS: Focus groups (n = 12) were held with individuals at high CVD risk from Northern Europe (≥2 CVD risk factors, aged ≥50 years, no established CVD/type 2 diabetes)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034545/a-pilot-intervention-to-reduce-postpartum-weight-retention-and-central-adiposity-in-first-time-mothers-results-from-the-mums-online-online-lifestyle-nutrition-exercise-study
#6
P van der Pligt, K Ball, K D Hesketh, M Teychenne, D Crawford, P J Morgan, C E Collins, K J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) increases the risk for obesity and complications during subsequent pregnancies. Few interventions have been successful in limiting PPWR in mothers. The present study assessed the effectiveness of the mums OnLiNE (Online, Lifestyle, Nutrition & Exercise) intervention with respect to reducing PPWR and improving diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: A subsample of first-time mothers enrolled in the Extended Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) completed the nonrandomised mums OnLiNE intervention...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975676/determinants-of-a-dietary-pattern-linked-with-greater-metabolic-risk-and-its-tracking-during-adolescence
#7
G Appannah, G K Pot, W H Oddy, S A Jebb, G L Ambrosini
BACKGROUND: Although growing evidence suggests that dietary patterns associated with noncommunicable diseases in adulthood may develop early in life, when these are established, as well as their determinants, remains unclear. METHODS: We examined determinants and tracking of a dietary pattern (DP) associated with metabolic risk and its key food groups among 860 adolescents in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study. Food intake was reported using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at 14 and 17 years...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960512/reduced-30-day-gastrostomy-placement-mortality-following-the-introduction-of-a-multidisciplinary-nutrition-support-team-a-cohort-study
#8
C L Hvas, K Farrer, B Blackett, H Lloyd, P Paine, S Lal
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding allows patients with dysphagia to receive adequate nutritional support, although gastrostomy insertion is associated with mortality. A nutrition support team (NST) may improve a gastrostomy service. The present study aimed to evaluate the introduction of a NST for assessment and follow-up of patients referred for gastrostomy. METHODS: We included adult inpatients referred for gastrostomy insertion consecutively between 1 October 2010 and 31 March 2013...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960594/birthweight-hiv-exposure-and-infant-feeding-as-predictors-of-malnutrition-in-botswanan-infants
#9
P Chalashika, C Essex, D Mellor, J A Swift, S Langley-Evans
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the nutritional status of infants who are HIV-Exposed-Uninfected (HEU) and HIV-Unexposed-Uninfected (HUU) during their first 1000 days is key to improving population health, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study compared the nutritional status, feeding practices and determinants of nutritional status of HEU and HUU infants residing in representative selected districts in Botswana during their first 1000 days of life...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960535/nutrition-related-hospital-presentations-and-admissions-among-radiotherapy-outpatients-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
E Hazzard, K Walton, A-T McMahon, M Milosavljevic, L C Tapsell
BACKGROUND: Unplanned presentations and admissions to hospital among outpatients with cancer are a key indicator of quality care in cancer services. Nutritional issues including malnutrition and dehydration, which fall under the dietitian's scope of practice, can result in unplanned contacts. The present review focused on cancer outpatients undergoing radiotherapy as a particular at risk group and aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of the range and prevalence of nutrition-related unplanned contacts and the associated factors, including the role of dietetic intervention...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948659/clinical-significance-of-nutritional-risk-screening-tool-for-hospitalised-children-with-acute-burn-injuries-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Y K Bang, M K Park, Y S Ju, K Y Cho
BACKGROUND: We assessed the nutritional risks among children hospitalised with acute burn injuries and their associated clinical outcomes using three nutritional risk screening (NRS) tools: Screening Tool for Risk of Impaired Nutritional Status and Growth (STRONGKIDS ), Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) and Screening Tool for the Assessment for Malnutrition in Pediatrics (STAMP). METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2015 to November 2016, in a regional burn centre...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940823/future-dietitian-2025-informing-the-development-of-a-workforce-strategy-for-dietetics
#12
M Hickson, J Child, A Collinson
BACKGROUND: Healthcare is changing and the professions that deliver it need to adapt and change too. The aim of this research was to inform the development of a workforce strategy for Dietetics for 2020-2030. This included an understanding of the drivers for change, the views of stakeholders and recommendations to prepare the profession for the future. METHODS: The research included three phases: (i) establishing the context which included a literature and document review (environmental scan); (ii) discovering the profession and professional issues using crowd-sourcing technology; and (iii) articulating the vision for the future using appreciative inquiry...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940742/fifteen-years-of-using-a-second-stage-protein-substitute-for-weaning-in-phenylketonuria-a-retrospective-study
#13
S Evans, A Daly, J MacDonald, A Pinto, A MacDonald
BACKGROUND: In phenylketonuria (PKU), during weaning, it is necessary to introduce a second stage phenylalanine (Phe)-free protein substitute (PS) to help meet non-Phe protein requirements. Semi-solid weaning Phe-free PS have been available for >15 years, although no long-term studies have reported their efficacy. METHODS: Retrospective data from 31 children with PKU who commenced a weaning PS were collected from clinical records from age of weaning to 2 years, on: gender; birth order; weaning age; anthropometry; blood Phe levels; age commenced and dosage of weaning PS and Phe-free infant L-amino acid formula; natural protein intake; and issues with administration of PS or food...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083068/the-challenge-of-nutritional-management-in-people-with-kidney-disease
#14
EDITORIAL
S Langley-Evans, N Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419586/a-review-of-the-nutritional-challenges-experienced-by-people-living-with-severe-mental-illness-a-role-for-dietitians-in-addressing-physical-health-gaps
#15
REVIEW
S B Teasdale, K Samaras, T Wade, R Jarman, P B Ward
People experiencing a severe mental illness (SMI), such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar affective disorder or depression with psychotic features, have a 20-year mortality gap compared to the general population. This 'scandal of premature mortality' is primarily driven by preventable cardiometabolic disease, and recent research suggests that the mortality gap is widening. Multidisciplinary mental health teams often include psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, specialist mental health nurses, social workers and occupational therapists, offering a range of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments to enhance the recovery of clients who have experienced, or are experiencing a SMI...
October 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211106/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-investigating-a-mediterranean-diet-intervention-in-pregnant-women-for-the-primary-prevention-of-allergic-diseases-in-infants
#16
D A Sewell, V S Hammersley, A Robertson, G Devereux, A Stoddart, C J Weir, A Worth, A Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest a potentially protective role of the Mediterranean diet (MD) in allergic diseases, including asthma. Large scale randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are needed to test the hypothesised allergy-prevention benefits of a MD during pregnancy. The present two-arm pilot RCT in pregnant women at high-risk of having a child who would develop allergic disease investigated maternal recruitment, retention and acceptability of an MD dietary intervention in the UK...
October 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913843/food-and-functional-dyspepsia-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
K R Duncanson, N J Talley, M M Walker, T L Burrows
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a debilitating functional gastrointestinal disorder characterised by early satiety, post-prandial fullness or epigastric pain related to meals, which affects up to 20% of western populations. A high dietary fat intake has been linked to FD and duodenal eosinophilia has been noted in FD. We hypothesised that an allergen such as wheat is a risk factor for FD and that withdrawal will improve symptoms of FD. We aimed to investigate the relationship between food and functional dyspepsia...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891086/patients-perceptions-and-experiences-of-patient-centred-care-in-dietetic-consultations
#18
I Sladdin, W Chaboyer, L Ball
BACKGROUND: Patient-centred care (PCC) is essential to quality healthcare. However, there is a paucity of research on PCC in dietetics, particularly regarding patients' experiences and perspectives of PCC. We aimed to enhance our understanding of PCC in dietetics by exploring patients' perceptions and experiences of PCC in individual dietetic consultations. METHODS: The present study used qualitative methods, situated in a constructivist-interpretivist paradigm...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891084/structured-advice-provided-by-a-dietitian-increases-adherence-of-consumers-to-diet-and-lifestyle-changes-and-lowers-blood-low-density-lipoprotein-ldl-cholesterol-the-increasing-adherence-of-consumers-to-diet-lifestyle-changes-to-lower-ldl-cholesterol-act-randomised
#19
T E Sialvera, A Papadopoulou, S P Efstathiou, E A Trautwein, R T Ras, N Kollia, P Farajian, G Goumas, I Dimakopoulos, K Papavasiliou, A Koutsouri, A Zampelas
BACKGROUND: Evidence from healthcare professionals suggest that consumer compliance to healthy diet and lifestyle changes is often poor. The present study investigated the effect of advice provided by a physician or dietitian on consumer adherence to these measures combined with consuming foods with added plant sterols (PS) with the aim of lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). METHODS: One hundred mildly-to-moderately hypercholesterolaemic individuals were enrolled into a parallel, randomised, placebo-controlled study...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851025/an-investigation-into-the-nutritional-composition-and-cost-of-gluten-free-versus-regular-food-products-in-the-uk
#20
L Fry, A M Madden, R Fallaize
BACKGROUND: The gluten-free (GF) food market has expanded considerably, although there is limited comparative evidence for the nutritional quality and cost of GF food products. The present study aims to compare the nutrient composition and cost of GF and gluten-containing (regular) foods across 10 food categories in the UK. METHODS: Nutritional information and the cost of GF foods available in the UK (n = 679) and comparable regular foods (n = 1045) were systematically collected from manufacturer and supermarket websites...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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