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Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799180/accuracy-of-octa-polar-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-for-the-assessment-of-total-and-appendicular-body-composition-in-children-and-adolescents-with-hiv-comparison-with-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-and-air-displacement-plethysmography
#1
J A C de Castro, L R A de Lima, D A S Silva
BACKGROUND: Body composition analysis has been used to investigate fat mass (FM) and bone mineral content (BMC) in children and adolescents diagnosed with HIV. Investigating the validity of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is interesting with respect to testing useful techniques for monitoring body composition in children and adolescents in clinical practice. The present study aimed to determine the validity of body composition analysis by BIA compared to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and air displacement plethysmography (ADP) in children and adolescents an HIV diagnosis...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799179/what-are-the-dietary-treatment-research-priorities-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-short-report-based-on-a-priority-setting-partnership-with-the-james-lind-alliance
#2
M C Lomer, A L Hart, A Verjee, A Daly, J Solomon, J Mclaughlin
BACKGROUND: Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves a multidisciplinary approach comprising medical management and sometimes surgery. Although diet is central to IBD management, the optimal diet for patients with IBD is uncertain. A UK collaborative partnership within the James Lind Alliance was set up between patients, clinicians and other stakeholders to develop research priorities in IBD. The aim of this short report is to provide a comprehensive summary of the research priority findings relating to diet in the treatment of IBD...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791776/low-validity-of-predictive-equations-for-calculating-resting-energy-expenditure-in-overweight-and-obese-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#3
A M Dos S Rodrigues, A B P Costa, D L Campos, M P S Silva, A L Cândido, L C Dos Santos, A V M Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Predictive equations are the main clinical tools for determining resting energy expenditure (REE). However, their adequate use in overweight and obese individuals is unclear. Thus, we investigated the best predictive equations for estimating REE in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Eleven analyses were performed with prediction equations (pREE) based on anthropometric parameters in 30 overweight or obese women with PCOS without other chronic diseases...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758252/lunch-time-food-source-is-associated-with-school-hour-and-school-day-diet-quality-among-canadian-children
#4
C N Tugault-Lafleur, J L Black, S I Barr
BACKGROUND: There is limited research on the dietary behaviours of Canadian children at school, including where students obtain food from during school hours or whether lunch-time food source influences diet quality. METHODS: Nationally representative cross-sectional data from 24-h dietary recalls were analysed from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey (n = 4589). Dietary outcomes included school hour and school day dietary intakes and School Healthy Eating Index (S-HEI) scores...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744924/breastfeeding-as-a-public-health-responsibility-a-review-of-the-evidence
#5
REVIEW
A Brown
BACKGROUND: Although intention to breastfeed in Western culture is high, many women stop breastfeeding before they are ready. From a physiological perspective, rates of primary milk insufficiency or contraindications to breastfeed should be low. However, numerous women encounter numerous barriers to breastfeeding, many of which occur at the social, cultural and political level and are therefore outside of maternal control. This review identifies and examines the impact of these barriers and considers how public health services should play a central role in creating a supportive breastfeeding environment...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744912/using-the-method-of-triads-in-the-validation-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-assess-the-consumption-of-fatty-acids-in-adults
#6
D C G da Silva, W Segheto, M F C de Lima, M C Pessoa, M C G Pelúzio, D M L Marchioni, D B Cunha, G Z Longo
BACKGROUND: It is of great value to develop valid instruments to estimate food consumption; for this purpose, the triads method has been applied in validation studies of dietary intake to evaluate the correlation between three measurements [food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), reference method and biomarker]. The main aim of the present study was to validate a FFQ for Brazilian adults by means of the method of triads by estimating the ingestion of total fatty acids based on the level of saturation...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730664/exploring-approaches-to-dietetic-assessment-of-a-common-task-across-different-universities-through-assessment-moderation
#7
C Palermo, E Volders, S Gibson, M Kennedy, A Wray, J Thomas, M Hannan-Jones, D Gallegos, E Beck
BACKGROUND: Assessment presents one of the greatest challenges to evaluating health professional trainee performance, as a result of the subjectivity of judgements and variability in assessor standards. The present study aimed to test a moderation procedure for assessment across four independent universities and explore approaches to assessment and the factors that influence assessment decisions. METHODS: Assessment tasks designed independently by each of the four universities to assess student readiness for placement were chosen for the present study...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707418/comparison-of-nutrient-intake-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-and-without-food-allergies
#8
K Maslin, C Venter, H MacKenzie, B Vlieg-Boerstra, T Dean, I Sommer
BACKGROUND: Exclusion diets for the management of food allergy pose a risk of nutritional deficiencies and inadequate growth in children, yet less is known about their effect in adolescents and adults. The present study aimed to compare the dietary intake of adolescents and adults with food allergies with that of a control group. METHODS: A food allergic and a control group were recruited from Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight in the UK. Participants were recruited from a food allergy charity, allergy clinics, a local school and university, and previous research studies...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691740/nutritional-monitoring-of-patients-post-bariatric-surgery-implications-for-smartphone-applications
#9
L Elvin-Walsh, M Ferguson, P F Collins
BACKGROUND: Optimal results from bariatric surgery are contingent on patient commitment to dietary and lifestyle changes and follow-up care. The present study aimed to investigate the attitudes and use of mobile health (mHealth) smartphone applications (apps) as a potential tool for maintaining connectivity between dietitians and patients post-bariatric surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was developed and distributed to a purposeful sample of bariatric dietitians and bariatric patients in Australia...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675488/eicosapentaenoic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-containing-supplements-modulate-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-placebo-control-human-clinical-trials
#10
S AbuMweis, S Jew, R Tayyem, L Agraib
BACKGROUND: Over 200 clinical trials have examined the effect of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplements on risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease. However, an updated analysis of the evidence is lacking. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to quantify the effect of supplements containing EPA and DHA on risk factors for cardiovascular disease. METHODS: An analysis was carried on 171 clinical trials with acceptable quality (Jadad score ≥3) that were identified from a comprehensive electronic search strategy of two databases (Pubmed and Cochrane Library)...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656744/accuracy-of-food-photographs-for-quantifying-food-servings-in-a-lunch-meal-setting-among-danish-children-and-adults
#11
A Biltoft-Jensen, T Holmgaard Nielsen, K Hess Ygil, T Christensen, S Fagt
BACKGROUND: Visual aids, such as food photographs, are widely used in estimating food quantities in dietary surveys. The present study aimed to assess how accurately Danish adults and children can estimate food portion sizes using 37 series of photographs illustrating four to six different portion sizes under real-life conditions; determine whether adults were more accurate than children; and estimate the error caused by using portion size photographs to estimate weights of foods consumed in macronutrient calculation...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653775/evaluation-of-change-in-dietitians-perceived-comprehensibility-and-difficulty-of-the-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-pg-sga-after-a-single-training-in-the-use-of-the-instrument
#12
M J Sealy, F D Ottery, C P van der Schans, J L N Roodenburg, H Jager-Wittenaar
BACKGROUND: The Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) is an instrument used to assess malnutrition and its risk factors. Some items of the PG-SGA may be perceived as hard to comprehend or as difficult by healthcare professionals. The present study aimed to determine whether and how dietitians' perceptions of comprehensibility and difficulty of the PG-SGA change after a single training in PG-SGA use. METHODS: In this prospective evaluation study, Dutch PG-SGA-naïve dietitians completed a questionnaire regarding perceived comprehensibility and difficulty of the PG-SGA before (T0) and after (T1) receiving a single training in the use of the instrument...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631347/reducing-the-maternal-dietary-intake-of-indigestible-and-slowly-absorbed-short-chain-carbohydrates-is-associated-with-improved-infantile-colic-a-proof-of-concept-study
#13
M Iacovou, E C Mulcahy, H Truby, J S Barrett, P R Gibson, J G Muir
BACKGROUND: To investigate if a low fermentable oligo-, di- and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet consumed by breastfeeding mothers may be associated with reduced symptoms of infantile colic. METHODS: Exclusively breastfeeding mothers and their typically-developing healthy infants who met the Wessel Criteria for infantile colic were recruited from the community, to this single-blind, open-label, interventional study. After a 3-day qualifying period, mothers were provided a low FODMAP 7-day diet...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608509/deprivation-and-healthy-food-access-cost-and-availability-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
S Williamson, M McGregor-Shenton, B Brumble, B Wright, C Pettinger
BACKGROUND: Food access, cost and availability have been identified as determinants of dietary choice. It has been suggested that these are socio-economically patterned; however, the evidence is inconclusive. The present study investigated whether differences exist with respect to healthy food access, cost and availability between areas of contrasting deprivation. METHODS: An ecological, cross-sectional study was conducted in two of the most and two of the least deprived wards in Plymouth...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589624/a-systematic-review-of-feeding-practices-among-postoperative-patients-is-practice-in-line-with-evidenced-based-guidelines
#15
REVIEW
M Rattray, S Roberts, A Marshall, B Desbrow
BACKGROUND: Early oral feeding after surgery is best practice among adult, noncritically ill patients. Evidenced-based guidelines (EBG) recommend commencing liquid and solid feeding within 24 h of surgery to improve patient (e.g. reduced morbidity) and hospital (e.g. reduced length of stay) outcomes. Whether these EBG are adhered to in usual clinical practice remains unknown. The present study aimed to identify the time to commencement of first oral feed (liquid or solid) and first solid feed among postoperative, noncritically ill, adult patients...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586107/are-energy-and-protein-requirements-met-in-hospital
#16
K Pullen, R Collins, T Stone, H Carter, H Sadler, A Collinson
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a problem within hospitals, which impacts upon clinical outcomes. The present audit assesses whether a hospital menu meets the energy and protein standards recommended by the British Dietetic Association's (BDA) Nutrition and Hydration Digest and determines the contribution of oral nutrition supplements (ONS) and additional snacks. METHODS: Patients in a UK South West hospital were categorised as 'nutritionally well' or 'nutritionally vulnerable' in accordance with their Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool score...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585266/an-evaluation-of-the-feasibility-and-validity-of-a-patient-administered-malnutrition-universal-screening-tool-must-compared-to-healthcare-professional-screening-in-an-inflammatory-bowel-disease-ibd-outpatient-clinic
#17
K Keetarut, S Zacharopoulou-Otapasidou, S Bloom, A Majumdar, P S Patel
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and is associated with poor health outcomes. Despite this, screening for malnutrition in the outpatient-setting is not routine and research in the area is limited. The present study aimed to evaluate whether agreement between malnutrition screening completed by patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs) could be achieved by comparing patient self-administered 'MUST' ('MUST'-P) with HCP administered 'MUST' ('MUST'-HCP) in a single tertiary IBD outpatient clinic...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573733/low-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-is-associated-with-low-knowledge-of-the-details-of-the-5-a-day-fruit-and-vegetable-message-in-the-uk-findings-from-two-cross-sectional-questionnaire-studies
#18
K M Appleton, K Krumplevska, E Smith, C Rooney, M C McKinley, J V Woodside
BACKGROUND: This project aimed to understand the details of the 5-a-day fruit and vegetable (FV) message (which foods are included, portion sizes, the need for variety, reasons for consumption) least known by UK consumers, and most associated with low FV consumption. METHODS: Study 1 assessed FV consumption, knowledge of the details of the message, and relationships between these, using a short questionnaire administered face-to-face to an opportunity sample of one large UK city...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568218/integrating-renal-nutrition-guidelines-into-daily-family-life-a-qualitative-exploration
#19
A Morris, H Love, Z van Aar, C Liles, C Roskell
BACKGROUND: Renal dietary compliance is challenging for individuals with chronic renal disease. Advice may change depending on renal function and medical treatment. Although patients seek support from family members with these changes, no literature exists with respect to how family members experience the offering of this support. The present study aimed to describe and interpret this lived experience of family members. METHODOLOGY: Phenomenological qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 adult family members via telephone (transcribed verbatim)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699199/omega-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-serum-zinc-delta-5-and-delta-6-desaturase-activities-and-incident-metabolic-syndrome
#20
T Yary, S Voutilainen, T-P Tuomainen, A Ruusunen, T Nurmi, J K Virtanen
BACKGROUND: The associations of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) with metabolic syndrome have been poorly explored. We investigated the associations of the serum n-6 PUFA and the activities of enzymes involved in the PUFA metabolism, delta-5-desaturase (D5D) and delta-6-desaturase (D6D) with risk of incident metabolic syndrome. We also investigated whether zinc, a cofactor for these enzymes, modifies these associations. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was conducted on 661 men who were aged 42-60 years old at baseline in 1984-1989 and who were re-examined in 1998-2001...
August 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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