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Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631347/reducing-the-maternal-dietary-intake-of-indigestible-and-slowly-absorbed-short-chain-carbohydrates-is-associated-with-improved-infantile-colic-a-proof-of-concept-study
#1
M Iacovou, E C Mulcahy, H Truby, J S Barrett, P R Gibson, J G Muir
BACKGROUND: To investigate if a low fermentable oligo-, di- and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet consumed by breastfeeding mothers may be associated with reduced symptoms of infantile colic. METHODS: Exclusively breastfeeding mothers and their typically-developing healthy infants who met the Wessel Criteria for infantile colic were recruited from the community, to this single-blind, open-label, interventional study. After a 3-day qualifying period, mothers were provided a low FODMAP 7-day diet...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608509/deprivation-and-healthy-food-access-cost-and-availability-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
S Williamson, M McGregor-Shenton, B Brumble, B Wright, C Pettinger
BACKGROUND: Food access, cost and availability have been identified as determinants of dietary choice. It has been suggested that these are socio-economically patterned; however, the evidence is inconclusive. The present study investigated whether differences exist with respect to healthy food access, cost and availability between areas of contrasting deprivation. METHODS: An ecological, cross-sectional study was conducted in two of the most and two of the least deprived wards in Plymouth...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589624/a-systematic-review-of-feeding-practices-among-postoperative-patients-is-practice-in-line-with-evidenced-based-guidelines
#3
REVIEW
M Rattray, S Roberts, A Marshall, B Desbrow
BACKGROUND: Early oral feeding after surgery is best practice among adult, noncritically ill patients. Evidenced-based guidelines (EBG) recommend commencing liquid and solid feeding within 24 h of surgery to improve patient (e.g. reduced morbidity) and hospital (e.g. reduced length of stay) outcomes. Whether these EBG are adhered to in usual clinical practice remains unknown. The present study aimed to identify the time to commencement of first oral feed (liquid or solid) and first solid feed among postoperative, noncritically ill, adult patients...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586107/are-energy-and-protein-requirements-met-in-hospital
#4
K Pullen, R Collins, T Stone, H Carter, H Sadler, A Collinson
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a problem within hospitals, which impacts upon clinical outcomes. The present audit assesses whether a hospital menu meets the energy and protein standards recommended by the British Dietetic Association's (BDA) Nutrition and Hydration Digest and determines the contribution of oral nutrition supplements (ONS) and additional snacks. METHODS: Patients in a UK South West hospital were categorised as 'nutritionally well' or 'nutritionally vulnerable' in accordance with their Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool score...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585266/an-evaluation-of-the-feasibility-and-validity-of-a-patient-administered-malnutrition-universal-screening-tool-must-compared-to-healthcare-professional-screening-in-an-inflammatory-bowel-disease-ibd-outpatient-clinic
#5
K Keetarut, S Zacharopoulou-Otapasidou, S Bloom, A Majumdar, P S Patel
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and is associated with poor health outcomes. Despite this, screening for malnutrition in the outpatient-setting is not routine and research in the area is limited. The present study aimed to evaluate whether agreement between malnutrition screening completed by patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs) could be achieved by comparing patient self-administered 'MUST' ('MUST'-P) with HCP administered 'MUST' ('MUST'-HCP) in a single tertiary IBD outpatient clinic...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573733/low-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-is-associated-with-low-knowledge-of-the-details-of-the-5-a-day-fruit-and-vegetable-message-in-the-uk-findings-from-two-cross-sectional-questionnaire-studies
#6
K M Appleton, K Krumplevska, E Smith, C Rooney, M C McKinley, J V Woodside
BACKGROUND: This project aimed to understand the details of the 5-a-day fruit and vegetable (FV) message (which foods are included, portion sizes, the need for variety, reasons for consumption) least known by UK consumers, and most associated with low FV consumption. METHODS: Study 1 assessed FV consumption, knowledge of the details of the message, and relationships between these, using a short questionnaire administered face-to-face to an opportunity sample of one large UK city...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568218/integrating-renal-nutrition-guidelines-into-daily-family-life-a-qualitative-exploration
#7
A Morris, H Love, Z van Aar, C Liles, C Roskell
BACKGROUND: Renal dietary compliance is challenging for individuals with chronic renal disease. Advice may change depending on renal function and medical treatment. Although patients seek support from family members with these changes, no literature exists with respect to how family members experience the offering of this support. The present study aimed to describe and interpret this lived experience of family members. METHODOLOGY: Phenomenological qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 adult family members via telephone (transcribed verbatim)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544241/effect-of-rrr-%C3%AE-tocopherol-supplementation-on-serum-of-breastfeeding-women-up-to-60-days-after-delivery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
L Q Lira, C S S Gurgel, A L de Sousa, A G A da Silva, J C Padovam, M N Moia, R L M Silva, R Dimenstein
BACKGROUND: Maternal supplementation is a viable strategy to combat vitamin E deficiency in newborns, although a protocol for maternal vitamin E supplementation has not been defined. The present study assessed the effect of maternal supplementation in a single dose on the serum of postpartum women up to 60 days after delivery. METHODOLOGY: Fifty healthy breastfeeding women were recruited at two maternity hospitals both located in Natal, RN, Brazil. The participants were randomly allocated to a control group and a treatment group in a 1 : 1 ratio...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543671/patient-centred-dietetic-care-from-the-perspectives-of-older-malnourished-patients
#9
E Hazzard, L Barone, M Mason, K Lambert, A McMahon
BACKGROUND: Governing organisations for health services currently recommend a patient-centred (PC) approach to practice for all health professions, including dietetics. For the vulnerable older malnourished patient, this approach needs to be prioritised to improve outcomes. The paucity of patient experience data likely limits evidence-based, patient-centred care (PCC) from being implemented effectively. The present study aimed to identify quality indicators of dietetic services from the perspectives of older malnourished patients to inform evidence-based PC dietetic care...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524384/patient-reported-dietetic-care-post-hospital-for-free-living-patients-a-canadian-malnutrition-task-force-study
#10
H Keller, H Payette, M Laporte, P Bernier, J Allard, D Duerksen, L Gramlich, K Jeejeebhoy
BACKGROUND: Transitions out of hospital can influence recovery. Ideally, malnourished patients should be followed by someone with nutrition expertise, specifically a dietitian, post discharge from hospital. Predictors of dietetic care post discharge are currently unknown. The present study aimed to determine the patient factors independently associated with 30-days post hospital discharge dietetic care for free-living patients who transitioned to the community. METHODOLOGY: Nine hundred and twenty-two medical or surgical adult patients were recruited in 16 acute care hospitals in eight Canadian provinces on admission...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480510/the-economic-burden-of-gluten-free-products-and-gluten-free-diet-a-cost-estimation-analysis-in-greece
#11
S Panagiotou, M D Kontogianni
BACKGROUND: Adherence to a gluten-free diet (GFD) demonsrates various difficulties, including the high cost of the diet. The present study aimed to (i) compare the cost of gluten-free products (GFP) from supermarkets and pharmacies with the cost of their conventional counterparts and (ii) estimate the weekly economic burden of a GFD. METHODS: The prices of all food products labelled as 'gluten-free' available at four supermarket chains in Athens, as well as the prices of all similar conventional food products, were recorded...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464296/is-it-possible-to-enhance-the-confidence-of-student-dietitians-prior-to-professional-placements-a-design-based-research-model
#12
L J Ross, L J Mitchell, L T Williams
BACKGROUND: Student confidence is an important contributor to a successful professional placement experience. The present study aimed to evaluate a placement preparation program for student dietitians and to assess the impact on self-rated confidence with respect to commencing placements. METHODS: The present study is part of a design-based research approach that involves students in a cyclic enquiry to evaluate and improve curricula. Nutrition and Dietetics students at an Australian university participated in a 1-week mandatory workshop - Pre-Placement week (PrePW), N = 98 students: in 2015 (n = 54) and 2016 (n = 44)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419643/post-lunch-triglyceridaemia-associates-with-hdlc-and-insulin-resistance-in-fasting-normotriglyceridaemic-menopausal-women
#13
A Sanz-Paris, A Rodriguez-Valle, M A Navarro, J Puzo-Foncillas, J M Arbones-Mainar
OBJECTIVES: Post-prandial hypertriglyceridaemia (P-HTG) is associated with cardiovascular disease. This association is of paramount importance during menopause, which is also related to reduced high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDLc) and elevated triglyceride (TG) levels. We aimed to provide a self-assesing tool to screen for P-HTG in menopausal women who were normotriglyceridaemic at fasting and adhered to a Mediterranean-style eating pattern. METHODS: We performed oral fat loading tests (OFLT) in combination with self-measurements of diurnal capillary TG at fixed time-points (DC-TG) in 29 healthy menopausal women...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419586/a-review-of-the-nutritional-challenges-experienced-by-people-living-with-severe-mental-illness-a-role-for-dietitians-in-addressing-physical-health-gaps
#14
REVIEW
S B Teasdale, K Samaras, T Wade, R Jarman, P B Ward
People experiencing a severe mental illness (SMI), such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar affective disorder or depression with psychotic features, have a 20-year mortality gap compared to the general population. This 'scandal of premature mortality' is primarily driven by preventable cardiometabolic disease, and recent research suggests that the mortality gap is widening. Multidisciplinary mental health teams often include psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, specialist mental health nurses, social workers and occupational therapists, offering a range of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments to enhance the recovery of clients who have experienced, or are experiencing a SMI...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419578/disordered-eating-patterns-in-coeliac-disease-a-framework-analysis
#15
R-M Satherley, S Higgs, R Howard
OBJECTIVE: The need for dietary-management in coeliac disease may lead to the development of disordered eating patterns. A theoretical model of disordered eating has been proposed to explain disordered eating in coeliac disease. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of typical and disordered eating in coeliac disease to gain a greater understanding of these processes and explore specific pathways within this model. METHODS: We interviewed 21 individuals with coeliac disease, recruited from a previous database, about their experiences with food and food environments...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417511/algal-supplementation-of-vegetarian-eating-patterns-improves-plasma-and-serum-docosahexaenoic-acid-concentrations-and-omega-3-indices-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
J C Craddock, E P Neale, Y C Probst, G E Peoples
BACKGROUND: Vegetarians are likely to have lower intakes of preformed docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) than omnivorous populations who consume fish and animal products. As such, vegetarian populations have omega-3 indices up to 60% lower than those who consume marine products. Algae, the primary producer of DHA in the marine food chain, offer an alternative source of DHA for those who do not consume marine or animal products. This systematic review aims to examine the evidence for the relationship between supplementation with algal forms of DHA and increased DHA concentrations in vegetarian populations...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374923/oral-fish-oil-positively-influences-nutritional-inflammatory-risk-in-patients-with-haematological-malignancies-during-chemotherapy-with-an-impact-on-long-term-survival-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#17
T R Chagas, D S Borges, P F de Oliveira, M C Mocellin, A M Barbosa, C Q Camargo, J Â G Del Moral, A Poli, P C Calder, E B S M Trindade, E A Nunes
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that the ingestion of fish oil (FO), a source of the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), can reduce the deleterious side-effects of chemotherapy. The aim of this randomised clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of supplementation with oral FO for 9 weeks on nutritional parameters and inflammatory nutritional risk in patients with haematological malignancies during the beginning of chemotherapy...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466507/effects-of-dietary-approach-to-stop-hypertension-diet-on-androgens-antioxidant-status-and-body-composition-in-overweight-and-obese-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
M Azadi-Yazdi, M Karimi-Zarchi, A Salehi-Abargouei, H Fallahzadeh, A Nadjarzadeh
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disease in reproductive age women. The present study aimed to determine the effects of Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet on reproductive hormones, plasma total antioxidant status and anthropometric indices in overweight and obese PCOS women. METHODS: In this randomised controlled clinical trial, 60 women with PCOS were randomly assigned to one of two diets with energy restriction: the DASH diet and a control diet...
June 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111818/dietary-and-nutrition-interventions-for-the-therapeutic-treatment-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
N Campagnolo, S Johnston, A Collatz, D Staines, S Marshall-Gradisnik
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is characterised by unexplained fatigue for at least 6 months accompanied by a diverse but consistent set of symptoms. Diet modification and nutritional supplements could be used to improve patient outcomes, such fatigue and quality of life. We reviewed and discussed the evidence for nutritional interventions that may assist in alleviating symptoms of CFS/ME. METHODS: Medline, Cinahl and Scopus were systematically searched from 1994 to May 2016...
June 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731526/health-literacy-literacy-numeracy-and-nutrition-label-understanding-and-use-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
L Malloy-Weir, M Cooper
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy, literacy and numeracy have been identified as barriers to consumer understanding and the interpretation of nutrition-related information. To inform policy and dietetic practice, we examined the extent, range and nature of research on empirical relationships between health literacy, literacy or numeracy and the understanding and use of nutrition labels. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature was conducted. A search of eight databases on 15 April 2014 and 26 May 2016 returned 651 and 173 records, respectively...
June 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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