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Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30182376/the-impact-of-a-primary-health-care-intervention-on-infant-feeding-practices-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-in-brazil
#1
V R Ferreira, C N Sangalli, P S Leffa, F Rauber, M R Vitolo
BACKGROUND: Proper feeding practices in early life can enhance the full human potential development of children. We aimed to evaluate the impact of a primary health care intervention on infant feeding practices among children from low-income families. METHODS: A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Healthcare centres were randomised into intervention (n = 9) and control (n = 11) groups. In intervention sites, health workers were trained in accordance with the national guidelines...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159922/are-the-therapeutic-strategies-in-anorexia-of-ageing-effective-on-nutritional-status-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
S Perna, M Rondanelli, D Spadaccini, A Lenzi, L M Donini, E Poggiogalle
BACKGROUND: Anorexia of ageing (AA) may be considered as a risk factor for frailty and has an important impact on quality of life, morbidity and mortality. METHODS: A systematic review and a meta-analysis were performed to summarise the results from several trials on the effectiveness of treatments in AA, as associated with depression, sensory impairment of taste and smell, decreased appetite or early satiety, and disability. Eligible studies were required to report baseline and follow-up values, the mean change (∆-change) from baseline, and/or the mean difference among intervention groups versus control group, concerning food intake (kcal/daily) and/or nutritional outcomes, such as body weight, body mass index, albumin and Mini Nutritional Assessment...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151949/a-qualitative-exploration-of-patients-experiences-with-and-perceptions-of-recommencing-feeding-after-colorectal-surgery
#3
M Rattray, A P Marshall, B Desbrow, S Roberts
BACKGROUND: Many patients who undergo lower gastrointestinal surgery neither recommence feeding within timeframes outlined by evidence-based guidelines, nor meet their nutrition requirements in hospital. Given that the success of timely and adequate post-operative feeding is largely reliant on patient adherence, the present study explored patients' perceptions of recommencing feeding after colorectal surgery to determine areas of improvement to meet their needs and expectations. METHODS: This qualitative study involved one-on-one, semi-structured interviews with patients receiving care after colorectal surgery in an Australian tertiary teaching hospital...
August 27, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141234/effect-of-fto-rs9930506-on-obesity-and-interaction-of-the-gene-variants-with-dietary-protein-and-vitamin-e-on-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-multi-ethnic-malaysian-adults
#4
S R Mitra, P Y Tan, F Amini
BACKGROUND: Individual variations of obesity-related traits can be a consequence of dietary influence on gene variants. METHODS: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate (i) the effect of FTO rs9930506 on obesity and related parameters and (ii) the influence of diet on the above association in Malaysian adults. In total, 79 obese and 99 nonobese Malaysian adults were recruited. RESULTS: In comparison with Chinese and Malays, Indians had significantly higher waist circumference (P ≤ 0...
August 23, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091209/adherence-to-the-healthy-nordic-food-index-and-the-incidence-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-mortality-among-patients-with-stable-angina-pectoris
#5
N G Puaschitz, J Assmus, E Strand, T Karlsson, K J Vinknes, V Lysne, C A Drevon, G S Tell, J Dierkes, O Nygård
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Nordic Food Index (HNFI) has been associated with beneficial effects on markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Whether such effects are present among patients with established coronary heart disease is unknown. In the present study, we investigated the association between adherence to the HNFI and the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (fatal or nonfatal) and death among patients with stable angina pectoris. METHODS: In the Western Norway B-vitamin Intervention Trial, participants completed a 169-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073712/effect-of-oropharyngeal-colostrum-therapy-in-the-prevention-of-necrotising-enterocolitis-among-very-low-birthweight-neonates-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
B D Garg, H Balasubramanian, N S Kabra, A Bansal
BACKGROUND: Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most common life-threatening emergencies of the gastrointestinal tract in preterm neonates. The present study aimed to determine the efficacy of oropharyngeal colostrum with respect to reducing NEC in preterm neonates. METHODS: A literature search was conducted for various randomised control trials by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, EMBASE and ongoing clinical trials...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30062812/a-systematic-review-of-the-use-of-ketogenic-diets-in-adult-patients-with-cancer
#7
REVIEW
J Sremanakova, A M Sowerbutts, S Burden
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence indicates the importance of nutrition in cancer treatment. Ketogenic diets are one strategy that has been proposed to enhance traditional anticancer therapy. This review summarises the evidence concerning the effect of oral ketogenic diets on anthropometry, metabolism, quality of life (QoL) and tumour effects, at the same time as documenting adverse events and adherence in patients with cancer. METHODS: We searched electronic databases using medical subject headings (MeSH) and text words related to ketogenic diets and cancer...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30062748/association-between-anthropometric-markers-and-asthma-control-quality-of-life-and-pulmonary-function-in-adults-with-asthma
#8
G C Forte, J C Almeida, D T R da Silva, M L Hennemann, P T R Dalcin
BACKGROUND: The role of abdominal fat and body fat (BF) in the evaluation of nutritional status in asthma has been considered recently. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between different anthropometric markers and asthma control, pulmonary function and quality of life. A secondary objective was to determine the agreement between the anthropometric markers with respect to assessing obesity in adults with asthma. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled adult asthma patients attending an outpatient asthma clinic in southern Brazil...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058091/nutritional-status-in-patients-aged-over-65-years-and-its-influence-on-the-quantity-and-type-of-complications-occurring-3-6-and-12-months-after-hospitalisation-a-clinical-prospective-study
#9
J Ostrowska, D Szostak-Węgierek, A Jeznach-Steinhagen
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in hospitalised patients is associated with frequent complications and increased mortality. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of abnormal nutritional status in patients aged over 65 years with a diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases and also to determine its relationship with the duration of hospitalisation and the incidence of complications over 3, 6 and 12 months of observation. A comparison was also made of diagnostic performance between the various classifications used to diagnose abnormal nutritional status...
July 29, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30033545/nutritional-status-the-development-and-persistence-of-malnutrition-and-dietary-intake-in-oesophago-gastric-cancer-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#10
E M Grace, C Shaw, A Lalji, K Mohammed, H J N Andreyev, K Whelan
BACKGROUND: Patients with oesophago-gastric (OG) cancer may be at risk of malnutrition, troublesome gastrointestinal symptoms (GI) and reduced dietary intake in view of the tumour location and multimodality curative treatment approach. Longitudinal research is lacking. The present study aimed to assess (i) nutritional status and how it evolved over the first year; (ii) the association between nutritional status scores and GI symptom scores; and (iii) the nutrient and food group intake pattern...
July 22, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009480/different-associations-between-body-composition-and-alcohol-when-assessed-by-exposure-frequency-or-by-quantitative-estimates-of-consumption
#11
M E J Lean, P Vlachou, L Govan, T S Han
BACKGROUND: Alcohol intake is widely assumed to contribute to excess body fatness, especially among young men; however, the evidence is inconsistent. We have addressed this research question by investigating associations between reported alcohol consumption and body composition from large representative national surveys in a high alcohol-consuming country with a high obesity prevalence. METHODS: The present study comprised a secondary analysis of combined cross-sectional nationally representative Scottish Health Surveys (1995-2010)...
July 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992661/texture-modified-foods-and-thickened-fluids-used-in-dysphagia-israeli-standardised-terminology-and-definitions
#12
M Icht, O Bergerzon-Bitton, J Kachal, R Goldsmith, O Herzberg, R Endevelt
BACKGROUND: Texture-modified foods and thickened fluids are used as a strategy that aims to compensate for dysphagia and improve the safety and efficiency of swallowing. Currently, in Israel, there are no standardised terminologies and definitions for texture-modified diets. The inconsistent terminology adversely affects patient safety and the efficiency of communication between staff members both within and between health institutions. This present study describes a project of the Israeli Ministry of Health in which the labels and definitions of prevalent foods and fluids used in health institutions are mapped to develop a consensus on national standards...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989236/room-service-in-a-public-hospital-improves-nutritional-intake-and-increases-patient-satisfaction-while-decreasing-food-waste-and-cost
#13
S McCray, K Maunder, L Barsha, K Mackenzie-Shalders
BACKGROUND: Room service (RS) is a hospital foodservice model that is traditionally unique to the private sector. It allows patients to order meals compliant to their nutritional requirements from a single integrated menu at a time that suits them. Meals are prepared and delivered within 45 min of order. Following implementation in a private adult facility in 2013, Mater Group implemented the first RS in a public adult facility in Australia in 2016. In a pre-post study comparing RS with a traditional foodservice model (TM), key outcomes were measured and analysed...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984532/a-systematic-literature-review-of-the-effect-of-anthocyanins-on-gut-microbiota-populations
#14
REVIEW
E O Igwe, K E Charlton, Y C Probst, K Kent, M E Netzel
BACKGROUND: Evidence has shown that anthocyanins, a subclass of polyphenol, are metabolised in the gut, modulate bacterial species and exert bioactive effects through this interaction. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken to determine the level of current evidence for the association between anthocyanin intake and changes in gut microbiota populations. The studies included were also assessed for the different techniques used in microbiota determination...
July 8, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963727/engaging-the-patient-improving-dietary-intake-and-meal-experience-through-bedside-terminal-meal-ordering-for-oncology-patients
#15
V Barrington, K Maunder, A Kelaart
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to determine changes in patient dietary intake, plate waste and meal experience associated with the implementation of a patient-directed bedside electronic meal ordering system (BMOS) compared to traditional paper menus (PMs). METHODS: The study evaluated the effect of a BMOS compared to PM at an oncology hospital between 2015 and 2016. Patient dietary intake, plate waste and patient meal experience were the key outcomes measured...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952057/early-post-operative-diet-upgrade-in-older-patients-may-improve-energy-and-protein-intake-but-patients-still-eat-poorly-an-observational-pilot-study
#16
A Byrnes, J Worrall, A Young, A Mudge, M Banks, J Bauer
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is prevalent across acute care facilities, particularly in older patients, and contributes to poor surgical outcomes. Clinical practice guidelines recommend the early reintroduction of a full oral diet post-operatively. The present study aimed to compare estimated energy (EEI) and protein (EPI) intake of patients who received early diet upgrade with those who did not. METHODS: Patients ≥65 years admitted post-operatively to general surgical wards were included...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926996/-for-me-it-s-about-not-feeling-like-i-m-on-a-diet-a-thematic-analysis-of-women-s-experiences-of-an-intermittent-energy-restricted-diet-to-reduce-breast-cancer-risk
#17
L S Donnelly, R L Shaw, M Pegington, C J Armitage, D G Evans, A Howell, M N Harvie
BACKGROUND: Weight-loss programmes requiring intermittent energy restriction offer an alternative to continuous energy restriction programmes that typically have low adherence. We reported greater weight loss, better adherence and spontaneous reduced energy intake on healthy eating days with intermittent as opposed to continuous energy restriction. The present study aims to explore why intermittent energy restriction diets exert these positive effects. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 13 women aged 39-62 years, who followed a 4-month intermittent energy restriction (2 days of low energy/low carbohydrate, 5 days of healthy eating)...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926993/do-the-contemporary-dietary-patterns-of-children-align-with-national-food-and-nutrient-recommendations
#18
K-L Holmes, M E Rollo, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: Childhood nutrition is important in optimising growth, development and future health. The present study compared dietary intakes of Australian children aged 4-8 years with (i) Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE) food group recommendations and (ii) age-specific Nutrient Reference Values (NRVs), in addition to (iii) describing food group intakes of children meeting key NRVs. METHODS: Data were obtained from a representative sample of children (n = 789) from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey between May 2011 and June 2012...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888471/theory-informed-nutrition-education-curriculum-tools-for-feeling-good-promotes-healthy-eating-patterns-among-fifth-grade-pupils-cross-sectional-study
#19
T Tilles-Tirkkonen, O Nuutinen, S Sinikallio, K Poutanen, L Karhunen
BACKGROUND: The eating patterns of school-aged children rarely meet recommendations: meal frequency is irregular and the consumption of vegetables is lower and sugar-sweetened products higher than recommended. Although school is an excellent arena for nutrition education to support pupils eating patterns, teachers usually lack efficient tools. The present study aimed to develop a curriculum for nutrition education to be used by teachers and to examine its efficacy in the school environment with respect to the eating patterns of pupils...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888424/workplace-learning-and-career-progression-qualitative-perspectives-of-uk-dietitians
#20
R C Boocock, R K O'Rourke
BACKGROUND: Post-graduate education and continuous professional development (CPD) within dietetics lack clearly defined pathways. The current literature primarily focuses on new graduate perceptions of workplace learning (WPL). The present study raises issues of how CPD is sustained throughout a National Health Service (NHS) career, how informal learning might be made more visible and whether the workplace withholds learning opportunities. METHODS: Qualified dietitians participated in focus groups (n = 32) and a nominal group technique (n = 24)...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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