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Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779331/comparisons-of-physical-activity-adipokines-vitamin-d-status-and-dietary-vitamin-d-intake-among-adolescents
#1
K V Giudici, R M Fisberg, D M Marchioni, L A Martini
BACKGROUND: Considering that lifestyle and diet are key factors responsible for the increases in adiposity in youth, it is important to understand how vitamin D, adipokines and markers of glucose metabolism are related to physical activity level (PAL) during growth. The present study aimed to investigate associations between physical activity level, adiponectin/leptin ratio, vitamin D status and dietary vitamin D intake among adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with adolescents aged 14-18 years old who were living in São Paulo, Brazil...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747955/an-evaluation-of-diabetes-targeted-apps-for-android-smartphone-in-relation-to-behaviour-change-techniques
#2
C D Hoppe, J E Cade, M Carter
BACKGROUND: Mobile applications (apps) could support diabetes management through dietary, weight and blood glucose self-monitoring, as well as by promoting behaviour change. The present study aimed to evaluate diabetes apps for content, functions and behaviour change techniques (BCTs). METHODS: Diabetes self-management apps for Android smartphones were searched for on the Google Play Store. Ten apps each from the following search terms were included; 'diabetes', 'diabetes type 1', 'diabetes type 2', 'gestational diabetes'...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731529/dietary-intake-in-people-consuming-a-reduced-carbohydrate-diet-in-the-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey
#3
N Guess
BACKGROUND: Diets reduced or low in carbohydrates are becoming increasingly popular. The replacement foods and their accompanying nutrients determine the health effects of such diets. However, little is known about the dietary intake of people consuming reduced or low carbohydrate diets. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the dietary and nutrient intake of individuals aged 16-75 years consuming less than 40% of energy from carbohydrate (n = 430) was compared with individuals consuming equal to or more than 40% energy from carbohydrate (n = 1833) using the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731526/health-literacy-literacy-numeracy-and-nutrition-label-understanding-and-use-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#4
L Malloy-Weir, M Cooper
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy, literacy and numeracy have been identified as barriers to consumer understanding and the interpretation of nutrition-related information. To inform policy and dietetic practice, we examined the extent, range and nature of research on empirical relationships between health literacy, literacy or numeracy and the understanding and use of nutrition labels. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature was conducted. A search of eight databases on 15 April 2014 and 26 May 2016 returned 651 and 173 records, respectively...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731524/accessing-hospital-packaged-foods-and-beverages-the-importance-of-a-seated-posture-when-eating
#5
A Bell, L Tapsell, K Walton, A Yoxall
BACKGROUND: Hospitalised and community dwelling older people (aged 65 years and over) have difficulties opening certain food and beverage items (e.g. cheese portions and tetra packs) served in public hospitals. Previously, the role of hand strength on successful pack opening has been explored in a seated position. However, because many people in hospital eat in bed, the present laboratory study examined the differences between participants opening a selection of products in a hospital bed and a chair...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730693/food-based-anthocyanin-intake-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-human-intervention-trials-a-systematic-review
#6
K Kent, K E Charlton, M Netzel, K Fanning
BACKGROUND: Preclinical evidence suggests that the anthocyanins, which comprise a subclass of dietary flavonoids providing the purple and red pigmentation in plant-based foods, may have a beneficial impact on cognitive outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify the published literature on food-based anthocyanin consumption and cognitive outcomes in human intervention trials. The literature search followed PRISMA guidelines and included six databases, as well as additional hand searching...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730691/patient-adherence-in-following-a-prescribed-diet-and-micronutrient-supplements-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-our-experience-during-1-year-of-follow-up
#7
L Schiavo, G Scalera, V Pilone, G De Sena, F R Ciorra, A Barbarisi
BACKGROUND: One of the most effective surgeries for sustainable weight loss in morbidly obese patients is laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The present study aimed to assess the adherence of LSG patients with respect to following post-operative dietary requirements and micronutrient supplementation, as well as to investigate their perceived barriers in achieving optimal adherence. METHODS: Retrospective data analysis was performed (3, 6, 9 and 12 months after LSG) using the medical records of 96 morbidly obese patients who had undergone LSG at our institution during 2011-2013...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726209/evaluation-of-the-alternative-healthy-eating-index-as-a-predictor-of-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-a-group-of-iranian-employees
#8
N Hariri, S Darafshi Ghahroudi, E Nasseri, D Bondarianzadeh, A Houshyar-Rad, F Zayeri
BACKGROUND: Noncommunicable diseases, of which almost half are some form of cardiovascular disease (CVD), have overtaken communicable diseases as the world's major disease burden. There is growing evidence that indices of diet quality could have an association with a decreased risk of CVD in several countries. We aimed to examine the association between diet quality, as measured by the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI), and 10-year predicted CVD risk based on the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) in a group of Iranian employees...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726207/trends-in-added-sugar-intake-and-food-sources-in-a-cohort-of-older-australians-15-years-of-follow-up-from-the-blue-mountains-eye-study
#9
H Moshtaghian, J C Y Louie, K E Charlton, Y C Probst, B Gopinath, P Mitchell, V M Flood
BACKGROUND: The trend of added sugar (AS) intake has not been investigated in the Australian population, including in older adults. The present study aimed to assess trends and food sources of AS intake among a cohort of older Australians during 15 years of follow-up. METHODS: Dietary data from participants of the Blue Mountains Eye Study (1264 men and 1614 women), aged ≥49 years at baseline, were collected. Dietary intakes were assessed at 5-yearly intervals (1992-94 to 2007-09) using a 145-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714860/quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis-of-breakfast-nutritional-composition-in-french-schoolchildren-aged-9-11-years
#10
E M Lepicard, M Maillot, F Vieux, M Viltard, F Bonnet
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to analyse the nutritional quality of childrens' breakfasts using data collected during a cross-sectional observational study on the prevalence of urinary osmolality in 529 French children aged 9-11 years. METHODS: Total nutrient intake, mean adequacy ratio (MAR), energy density and solid energy density were calculated from breakfast food and fluid nutritional composition. To identify the main qualitative breakfast patterns, each breakfast item was categorised into 15 solid and liquid food categories and a principal component analysis followed by a cluster analysis was performed...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709718/body-composition-assessed-by-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-predicts-early-infectious-complications-after-liver-transplantation
#11
C Lindqvist, A Majeed, S Wahlin
BACKGROUND: It is challenging to identify malnutrition, which is a risk factor for poor outcome in patients with liver cirrhosis. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of malnutrition among patients listed for liver transplantation, as assessed by different methods, and also to relate dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to short-term post-transplant outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we reviewed the medical records of 106 patients who underwent liver transplantation in 2009-2012...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709695/vegetarianism-and-breast-colorectal-and-prostate-cancer-risk-an-overview-and-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#12
J Godos, F Bella, S Sciacca, F Galvano, G Grosso
BACKGROUND: Vegetarian diets may be associated with certain benefits toward human health, although current evidence is scarce and contrasting. In the present study, a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies was performed with respect to the association between vegetarian diets and breast, colorectal and prostate cancer risk. METHODS: Studies were systematically searched in Pubmed and EMBASE electronic databases. Eligible studies had a prospective design and compared vegetarian, semi- and pesco-vegetarian diets with a non-vegetarian diet...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709690/weekend-days-are-not-required-to-accurately-measure-oral-intake-in-hospitalised-patients
#13
L S Chapple, A M Deane, K Lange, A J Kranz, L T Williams, M J Chapman
BACKGROUND: Nutrition studies in patients admitted to hospital frequently disregard oral intake because measurement is time-intensive and logistically challenging. In free-living populations, weighed food records (WFR) are the gold-standard and are conducted on weekend and weekdays to capture variations in intake, although this may not translate during hospitalisation. The present study aimed to determine whether oral intake differs between weekends and weekdays in hospitalised patients...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620213/adherence-to-the-healthy-eating-index-and-alternative-healthy-eating-index-dietary-patterns-and-mortality-from-all-causes-cardiovascular-disease-and-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#14
S Onvani, F Haghighatdoost, P J Surkan, B Larijani, L Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis investigated the association of diet quality indices, as assessed by HEI and AHEI, and the risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality. METHODS: We used PubMed, ISI Web of Science and Google Scholar to search for eligible articles published before July 2015. A total of 12 cohort studies (38 reports) and one cross-sectional study (three reports) met the inclusion criteria and were included in our meta-analysis. RESULTS: The highest level of adherence to the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) was significantly associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality [relative risk (RR) = 0...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611775/body-composition-of-obese-adolescents-association-between-adiposity-indicators-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors
#15
A J S Araújo, A C O Santos, W L Prado
BACKGROUND: The association between obesity during adolescence and the increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases indicates the need to identify reproducible and cost effective methods for identifying individuals who are at increased risk of developing diseases. The present cross-sectional study investigated the occurrence of metabolic consequences of obesity in adolescents and the use of adiposity indicators as predictors of cardiometabolic risk. METHODS: A fasting blood sample was taken in 93 pubertal obese adolescents aged 13-18 years old (39 males, 54 females) for the assessment of cardiometabolic risk markers (glucose, lipid profiles, insulin resistence, and inflammatory and endothelial dysfunction markers)...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611606/development-and-validation-of-a-quantitative-snack-and-beverage-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-adolescents
#16
N De Cock, J Van Camp, P Kolsteren, C Lachat, L Huybregts, L Maes, B Deforche, R Verstraeten, J Vangeel, K Beullens, S Eggermont, W Van Lippevelde
BACKGROUND: A short, reliable and valid tool to measure snack and beverage consumption in adolescents, taking into account the correct definitions, would benefit both epidemiological and intervention research. The present study aimed to develop a short quantitative beverage and snack food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and to assess the reliability and validity of this FFQ against three 24-h recalls. METHODS: Reliability was assessed by comparing estimates of the FFQ administered 14 days apart (FFQ1 and FFQ2) in a convenience sample of 179 adolescents [60...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600326/waist-to-height-ratio-is-independently-related-to-whole-and-central-body-fat-regardless-of-the-waist-circumference-measurement-protocol-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-patients
#17
N M Pimenta, H Cortez-Pinto, X Melo, J Silva-Nunes, L B Sardinha, H Santa-Clara
BACKGROUND: Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) has been reported as a preferable risk related body fat (BF) marker, although no standardised waist circumference measurement protocol (WCmp) has been proposed. The present study aimed to investigate whether the use of a different WCmp affects the strength of relationship between WHtR and both whole and central BF in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. METHODS: BF was assessed with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 28 NAFLD patients [19 males, mean (SD) 51 (13) years and nine females, 47 (13) years]...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600184/adding-glucose-to-food-and-solutions-to-enhance-fructose-absorption-is-not-effective-in-preventing-fructose-induced-functional-gastrointestinal-symptoms-randomised-controlled-trials-in-patients-with-fructose-malabsorption
#18
C J Tuck, L A Ross, P R Gibson, J S Barrett, J G Muir
BACKGROUND: In healthy individuals, the absorption of fructose in excess of glucose in solution is enhanced by the addition of glucose. The present study aimed to assess the effects of glucose addition to fructose or fructans on absorption patterns and genesis of gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with functional bowel disorders. METHODS: Randomised, blinded, cross-over studies were performed in healthy subjects and functional bowel disorder patients with fructose malabsorption...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600055/green-tea-extract-and-catechol-o-methyltransferase-genotype-modify-the-post-prandial-serum-insulin-response-in-a-randomised-trial-of-overweight-and-obese-post-menopausal-women
#19
A M Dostal, A Arikawa, L Espejo, S Bedell, M S Kurzer, N R Stendell-Hollis
BACKGROUND: Green tea extract (GTE) may be involved in a favourable post-prandial response to high-carbohydrate meals. The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genotype may modify these effects. We examined the acute effects of GTE supplementation on the post-prandial response to a high-carbohydrate meal by assessing appetite-associated hormones and glucose homeostasis marker concentrations in women who consumed 843 mg of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) or placebo capsules for 11-12 months...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599886/is-there-an-association-between-dietary-intake-and-academic-achievement-a-systematic-review
#20
T Burrows, S Goldman, K Pursey, R Lim
BACKGROUND: The majority of literature examining the effect of dietary behaviour on academic achievement has focused on breakfast consumption only. Here, we aim to systematically review the literature investigating the broader effects of dietary intake and behaviours on school-aged children's academic achievement. METHODS: A search was undertaken across seven databases using keywords. For studies to be included, they needed to be conducted in: school-aged children (5-18 years); assess and report: (i) a measure of academic performance; (ii) a measure of dietary intake/behaviour; and (iii) the association between dietary intake/behaviours and academic performance...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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