journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cellular Signalling

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647573/focal-adhesion-kinase-signaling-regulates-anti-inflammatory-function-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-induced-by-biomechanical-force
#1
Hyun Jung Lee, Miguel F Diaz, Adesuwa Ewere, Scott D Olson, Charles S Cox, Pamela L Wenzel
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have tremendous potential for use in regenerative medicine due to their multipotency and immune cell regulatory functions. Biomimetic physical forces have been shown to direct differentiation and maturation of MSCs in tissue engineering applications; however, the effect of force on immunomodulatory activity of MSCs has been largely overlooked. Here we show in human bone marrow-derived MSCs that wall shear stress (WSS) equivalent to the fluid frictional force present in the adult arterial vasculature significantly enhances expression of four genes that mediate MSC immune regulatory function, PTGS2, HMOX1, IL1RN, and TNFAIP6...
June 21, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645565/from-the-outside-from-within-biological-and-therapeutic-relevance-of-signal-transduction-in-t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#2
REVIEW
Mariana L Oliveira, Padma Akkapeddi, Isabel Alcobia, Afonso R Almeida, Bruno A Cardoso, Rita Fragoso, Teresa L Serafim, João T Barata
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive hematological cancer that arises from clonal expansion of transformed T-cell precursors. In this review we summarize the current knowledge on the external stimuli and cell-intrinsic lesions that drive aberrant activation of pivotal, pro-tumoral intracellular signaling pathways in T-cell precursors, driving transformation, leukemia expansion, spread or resistance to therapy. In addition to their pathophysiological relevance, receptors and kinases involved in signal transduction are often attractive candidates for targeted drug development...
June 20, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629783/grp78-plays-an-integral-role-in-tumor-cell-inflammation-related-migration-induced-by-m2-macrophages
#3
Lichao Zhang, Zongwei Li, Guobin Ding, Xiaoqin La, Peng Yang, Zhuoyu Li
Macrophages are the main immune-competent cells that infiltrate in tumors. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), termed M2 macrophages, facilitate tumor progress and promote metastasis. However, M2 macrophages always display an immunosuppressive phenotype, which is not in accordance with the tumor inflammatory microenvironment and inflammation-related metastasis. In this study, we established a macrophage polarization model with human monocytes and found that the conditioned medium from M2 macrophages increased GRP78 expression in tumor cells and facilitated tumor cell migration...
June 16, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629782/tnf-phase-iii-signalling-in-tolerant-cells-is-tightly-controlled-by-a20-and-cyld
#4
Rolf Bikker, Martin Christmann, Katharina Preuß, Bastian Welz, Judith Friesenhagen, Oliver Dittrich-Breiholz, René Huber, Korbinian Brand
Following the acute phase of an inflammatory reaction, a strictly controlled resolution of inflammation is necessary. A dysregulation of this process leads to hyperinflammation, chronic inflammatory disease, or immune paralysis. Different mechanisms participate in the coordinated termination of the inflammatory process, e.g. the expression of antiinflammatory molecules and different forms of tolerance. To better understand the processes which mediate resolution of TNF-dependent inflammation and induce tolerance, it is necessary to characterize the signal transduction quality during TNF long-term (pre)incubation...
June 16, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627369/plekho2-is-essential-for-m-csf-dependent-macrophage-survival
#5
Pengfei Zhang, Chenchen Zhou, Cheng Lu, Wenfei Li, Wei Li, Bin Jing, Wenxia Chen, Yuhua Zha, Peng Zhang, Changqin Bai, Huiying Liu, Luo Zhang
Macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) is crucial for macrophage survival; however, the mechanism associated with this signaling has not been fully elucidated. Here, we identified pleckstrin homology domain-containing family O member 2 (PLEKHO2), a protein with unknown function, as a novel regulator of macrophage survival in vitro and in vivo. We found that PLEKHO2-deficient mice exhibited severe reductions in macrophage population in the peritoneal cavity, spleen, and blood, and that PLEKHO2 expression was upregulated during macrophage differentiation and maturation...
June 13, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627368/photoactivation-of-erk-creb-vmat2-pathway-attenuates-mpp-induced-neuronal-injury-in-a-cellular-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Xiaotong Gu, Lei Liu, Qi Shen, Da Xing
The vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) pumps dopamine from cytoplasm into synaptic vesicles for subsequent release, and the deficits of VMAT2 has been implicated in the dopaminergic neuronal cell loss which is considered as a typical pathological feature of Parkinson's disease (PD). Low-power laser irradiation (LPLI), a potent noninvasive physiotherapy approach, is capable of penetrating into nerve tissue to exert beneficial effects such as promoting nerve regeneration and ATP production. In the present study, we demonstrated that LPLI protects against MPP(+)-induced neurotoxicity via upregulation of VMAT2 in SH-SY5Y human dopaminergic neuroblastoma cells...
June 13, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619580/corrigendum-to-mkp-1-negatively-regulates-lps-mediated-il-1%C3%AE-production-through-p38-activation-and-hif-1%C3%AE-expression-cell-signal-34-1-10-2017-epub-2017-feb-24
#7
H Talwar, C Bauerfeld, M Bouhamdan, P Farshi, Y Liu, L Samavati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603013/oxytocin-oxt-stimulated-inhibition-of-kir7-1-activity-is-through-pip2-dependent-ca-2-response-of-the-oxytocin-receptor-in-the-retinal-pigment-epithelium-in-vitro
#8
Nathaniel York, Patrick Halbach, Michelle A Chiu, Ian M Bird, De-Ann M Pillers, Bikash R Pattnaik
Oxytocin (OXT) is a neuropeptide that activates the oxytocin receptor (OXTR), a rhodopsin family G-protein coupled receptor. Our localization of OXTR to the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), in close proximity to OXT in the adjacent photoreceptor neurons, leads us to propose that OXT plays an important role in RPE-retinal communication. An increase of RPE [Ca(2+)]i in response to OXT stimulation implies that the RPE may utilize oxytocinergic signaling as a mechanism by which it accomplishes some of its many roles...
June 8, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600192/mast-cells-modulate-proliferation-migration-and-stemness-of-glioma-cells-through-downregulation-of-gsk3%C3%AE-expression-and-inhibition-of-stat3-activation
#9
Sanaz Attarha, Ananya Roy, Bengt Westermark, Elena Tchougounova
Glioblastoma (GBM) heterogeneity is the main obstacle to efficient treatment due to the existence of subpopulation of cells with increased tumorigenicity and network of tumor associated parenchymal cells in the tumor microenvironment. We previously demonstrated that mast cells (MCs) infiltrate mouse and human gliomas in response to variety of signals in a glioma grade-dependent manner. However, the role of MCs in glioma development and the mechanisms behind MCs-glioma cells interaction remain unidentified. In the present study, we show that MCs upon activation by glioma cells produce soluble factors including IL-6, which are documented to be involved in cancer-related activities...
June 6, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583374/sirt1-suppresses-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-in-liver-cancer-cells-by-targeting-%C3%AE-catenin-in-a-pka%C3%AE-dependent-manner
#10
Qi Wu, Yulan Wang, Mingping Qian, Yongxia Qiao, Shaowu Zou, Changqiang Chen, Xiao Zhang, Yan Chen, Yinghui Zhao, Guoqing Zhu, Yuxin Chen, Fenyong Sun, Jiayi Wang, Qiuhui Pan
Here, bioinformatics data from Sirt1 knock-out (KO) and knock-in (KI) mice suggest that Sirt1 inhibits Wnt/βCatenin signaling in the liver. However, it is unclear how this relationship occurs and how it contributes to malignant phenotypes in liver cancer cells. We found that Sirt1 expression promotes phosphorylation of βCatenin at Ser675, which may subsequently decrease expression of total-βCatenin. Mechanistically, Sirt1 expression elevates phosphorylation of the alpha subunit of protein kinase A (PKAα), and this event is essential for Sirt1-induced phosphorylation of βCatenin...
June 2, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583373/mechanisms-of-mutant-pde6-proteins-underlying-retinal-diseases
#11
Kota N Gopalakrishna, Kimberly Boyd, Nikolai O Artemyev
Mutations in PDE6 genes encoding the effector enzymes in rods and cones underlie severe retinal diseases including retinitis pigmentosa (RP), autosomal dominant congenital stationary night blindness (adCSNB), and achromatopsia (ACHM). Here we examined a spectrum of pathogenic missense mutations in PDE6 using the system based on co-expression of cone PDE6C with its specialized chaperone AIPL1 and the regulatory Pγ subunit as a potent co-chaperone. We uncovered two mechanisms of PDE6C mutations underlying ACHM: (a) folding defects leading to expression of catalytically inactive proteins and (b) markedly diminished ability of Pγ to co-chaperone mutant PDE6C proteins thereby dramatically reducing the levels of functional enzyme...
June 2, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578012/smad1-5-mediates-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-induced-up-regulation-of-bambi-expression-in-human-granulosa-lutein-cells
#12
Long Bai, Hsun-Ming Chang, Jung-Chien Cheng, Christian Klausen, Guiyan Chu, Peter C K Leung, Gongshe Yang
Bone morphogenetic protein and activin membrane-bound inhibitor (BAMBI) is a transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) type I receptor antagonist that negatively regulates TGF-β and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling. BAMBI has been shown to be regulated by TGF-β signaling; however, whether BAMBI can be regulated by BMP signaling remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of BMP2 on the regulation of BAMBI expression in human granulosa-lutein cells and the underlying mechanisms...
May 31, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554536/succinate-increased-in-metabolic-syndrome-activates-gpr91-receptor-signaling-in-urothelial-cells
#13
Abubakr H Mossa, Monica Velasquez Flores, Philippe G Cammisotto, Lysanne Campeau
Metabolic syndrome is associated with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) and increased circulating levels of succinate, an intermediate of the Krebs cycle. The urothelium is an essential regulator of bladder muscle contraction. This study aimed to determine if GPR91, the succinate receptor, is expressed and functional in the bladder. Urothelial and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were cultured and characterized. PCR revealed that urothelial cells express GPR91, twice as much as SMCs. Incubation of cells with succinate stimulated phosphorylation of ERK and JNK in urothelial cells...
May 26, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554535/a-phosphorylation-motif-for-tuneable-helix-stabilisation-in-intrinsically-disordered-proteins-lessons-from-the-sodium-proton-exchanger-1-nhe1
#14
Ruth Hendus-Altenburger, Matteo Lambrughi, Thilde Terkelsen, Stine F Pedersen, Elena Papaleo, Kresten Lindorff-Larsen, Birthe B Kragelund
Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are involved in many pivotal cellular processes including phosphorylation and signalling. The structural and functional effects of phosphorylation of IDPs remain poorly understood and difficult to predict. Thus, a need exists to identify motifs that confer phosphorylation-dependent perturbation of the local preferences for forming e.g. helical structures as well as motifs that do not. The disordered distal tail of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 1 (NHE1) is six-times phosphorylated (S693, S723, S726, S771, T779, S785) by the mitogen activated protein kinase 2 (MAPK1, ERK2)...
May 26, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535874/coupling-between-the-trpc3-ion-channel-and-the-ncx1-transporter-contributed-to-vegf-induced-erk1-2-activation-and-angiogenesis-in-human-primary-endothelial-cells
#15
Petros Andrikopoulos, Suzanne A Eccles, Muhammad M Yaqoob
It has been previously demonstrated that the bi-directional transporter Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) working in the reverse (Ca(2+)-influx) - mode promotes the activation of ERK1/2 in response to the key pro-angiogenic cytokine VEGF in human endothelial cells (ECs). However, the molecular event(s) that elicit NCX reversal in VEGF-stimulated ECs remain unclear. Here we investigated whether Na(+) influx via the diacylglycerol (DAG) - activated non-selective cation channel TRPC3 was functionally associated with NCX and whether its activity was required for VEGF-induced ERK1/2 activation and angiogenesis...
May 20, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528970/the-many-faces-of-compartmentalized-pka-signalosomes
#16
REVIEW
Omar Torres-Quesada, Johanna E Mayrhofer, Eduard Stefan
Cellular signal transmission requires the dynamic formation of spatiotemporally controlled molecular interactions. At the cell surface information is received by receptor complexes and relayed through intracellular signaling platforms which organize the actions of functionally interacting signaling enzymes and substrates. The list of hormone or neurotransmitter pathways that utilize the ubiquitous cAMP-sensing protein kinase A (PKA) system is expansive. This requires that the specificity, duration, and intensity of PKA responses are spatially and temporally restricted...
May 18, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506929/inhibition-of-cell-proliferation-and-induction-of-autophagy-by-kdm2b-fbxl10-knockdown-in-gastric-cancer-cells
#17
Erhu Zhao, Chunling Tang, Xiaolan Jiang, Xiong Weng, Xiaoxia Zhong, Dunke Zhang, Jianbing Hou, Feng Wang, Mengying Huang, Hongjuan Cui
Gastric cancer is difficult to cure due to its clinical heterogeneity and the complexity of its molecular mechanisms. KDM2B, a member of the JHDM family, functions as a histone lysine demethylase. However, the role and mechanisms of KDM2B in gastric cancer have not been elucidated. Here, we showed that KDM2B is commonly expressed in gastric cancer cells. The downregulation of KDM2B immediately induces autophagy, followed by the inhibition of proliferation. The compound 3-methyladenine (3-MA), an inhibitor of autophagy, largely rescues autophagy and the inhibition of cell proliferation induced by KDM2B knockdown...
May 12, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506928/distinct-phosphodiesterase-5a-containing-compartments-allow-selective-regulation-of-cgmp-dependent-signalling-in-human-arterial-smooth-muscle-cells
#18
Lindsay S Wilson, Manhong Guo, M Bibiana Umana, Donald H Maurice
Cyclic GMP (cGMP) translates and integrates much of the information encoded by nitric oxide (NO(·)) and several natriuretic peptides, including the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). Previously, we reported that integration of a cGMP-specific cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase, namely phosphodiesterase 5A (PDE5A), into a protein kinase G (PKG)- and inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R)-containing endoplasmic reticulum (ER) signalosome allows localized control of PDE5A activity and of PKG-dependent inhibition of IP3-mediated release of ER Ca(2+) in human platelets...
May 12, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502587/direct-and-indirect-activation-of-eukaryotic-elongation-factor-2-kinase-by-amp-activated-protein-kinase
#19
M Johanns, S Pyr Dit Ruys, A Houddane, D Vertommen, G Herinckx, L Hue, C G Proud, M H Rider
BACKGROUND: Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2) kinase (eEF2K) is a key regulator of protein synthesis in mammalian cells. It phosphorylates and inhibits eEF2, the translation factor necessary for peptide translocation during the elongation phase of protein synthesis. When cellular energy demand outweighs energy supply, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and eEF2K become activated, leading to eEF2 phosphorylation, which reduces the rate of protein synthesis, a process that consumes a large proportion of cellular energy under optimal conditions...
May 11, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499884/inhibition-of-ubiquitin-specific-protease-34-usp34-induces-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-promotes-stemness-in-mammary-epithelial-cells
#20
Eunhye Oh, Ji Young Kim, Daeil Sung, Youngkwan Cho, Nahyun Lee, Hyunsook An, Yoon-Jae Kim, Tae-Min Cho, Jae Hong Seo
Ubiquitin-specific protease 34 (USP34) is a deubiquitinating enzyme that regulates Axin stability and plays a critical role in Wnt/β-catenin signaling. We sought to investigate the role of USP34 on epithelial-mesenchymal (EMT) induction and its effects on mammary epithelial stem cells. USP34 expression levels were relatively lower in MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 mesenchymal-like cells when compared to epithelial-like cells. Inhibition of USP34 in NMuMG cells induced EMT, as evidenced by the upregulation of EMT markers including N-cadherin, phospho-Smad3, Snail and active-β-catenin, as well as the downregulation of Axin 1 and E-cadherin...
May 10, 2017: Cellular Signalling
journal
journal
30074
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"