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Phytotherapy Research: PTR

Wensheng Zhang, Wanzhuo He, Xiaodong Shi, Xiao Li, Yuanyuan Wang, Minghua Hu, Fangli Ma, Ning Tao, Guiqin Wang, Zhihai Qin
Despite decades of research, malignant tumors are extremely difficult to eliminate with conventional methods. Although surgical resection potentially eradicates the problem, only a few cases are suitable for operation, and other approaches often involve harmful consequences. Revolutionary methods are desperately needed to improve patient outcomes and diminish harmful side effects. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), downregulators of the innate and adaptive immune systems, have been widely studied over the past 2 decades...
March 13, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Sawana Singkhorn, Mayuree H Tantisira, Supita Tanasawet, Pilaiwanwadee Hutamekalin, Tulaporn Wongtawatchai, Wanida Sukketsiri
Centella asiatica is widely considered the most important medicinal plant for treating and relieving skin diseases. Recently developed standardized extract of Centella asiatica ECa 233 has demonstrated positive effects on wound healing of incision and burn wound in rats. However, knowledge associated with wound healing mechanism of ECa 233 was scare. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect and underlying molecular mechanisms of ECa 233 on the migration of a human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) using scratch wound healing assay...
March 13, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Yingqian Ci, Yubo Zhang, Yanjie Liu, Shuai Lu, Jianhua Cao, Huajun Li, Jing Zhang, Zongyu Huang, Xudong Zhu, Jin Gao, Mei Han
Tumour metastasis is the major cause of breast cancer mortality. Myricetin, a natural polyphenol, is found in teas, wines, and berries. The pharmacodynamic action and molecular mechanism of myricetin on breast cancer metastasis remain unknown. Here, we investigated the effect of myricetin on MDA-Mb-231Br cell viability, migration, invasion, and 4T1 mouse lung metastasis mouse models. MMP-2/9 protein expression and ST6GALNAC5 expression were analysed using western blot assays and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, respectively...
March 13, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Yunes Panahi, Parisa Kianpour, Reza Mohtashami, Stephen L Atkin, Alexandra E Butler, Ramezan Jafari, Roghayeh Badeli, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide and is potentially treatable, though there are few therapeutic agents available. Artichoke leaf extract (ALE) has shown potential as a hepatoprotective agent. This study sought to determine if ALE had therapeutic utility in patients with established NAFLD. In this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled parallel-group trial, 100 subjects with ultrasound-diagnosed NAFLD were randomized to either ALE 600 mg daily or placebo for a 2-month period...
March 9, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
D Balan, Kit-Lam Chan, D Murugan, Sazaly AbuBakar, Pooi-Fong Wong
Bioactive compounds of Eurycoma longifolia (EL) jack were previously shown to reduce omentum fat mass and oestradiol-induced fatty uterine adhesion in rats. However, the exact role of EL on adipogenesis remains unknown. This study sought to investigate the effects of an EL standardized quassinoids-enriched fraction (SQEL) and the pure compound, eurycomanone, on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells. 3T3-L1 cells were induced to differentiate and treated for 8 days. The treatment reduced intracellular accumulation of lipid droplets and triglycerides in the differentiating adipocytes and induced lipolysis in matured adipocytes...
March 9, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Ye Tian, Huanli Xu, Ammad Ahmad Farooq, Baozeng Nie, Xiaoliang Chen, Shuonan Su, Ru Yuan, Gan Qiao, Cong Li, Xiao Li, Xiaohui Liu, Xiukun Lin
Maslinic acid (MA), a natural pentacyclictriterpene, displays cytotoxic activity on various types of cancer cells. However, its underlying mechanism is unclear. In this study, we assessed the effect of MA on autophagy of human pancreatic cancer cells, and the potential autophagic pathway was presented. MA inhibited the proliferation and induced autophagy of Panc-28 cells by altering the expressions of autophagy related proteins. SDS-PAGE analysis revealed that one protein band was significantly down-regulated in cells treated with MA, and the band was identified as heat shock protein HSPA8 as analyzed using Western blot and MS, MS/MS approaches...
March 8, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Jiusheng Wang
Asthma is one of the most common chronic inflammatory diseases of childhood, characterized by airway inflammation, mucus hypersecretion, and accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins. Casticin is an active compound that possesses broad biological activities including anti-inflammatory effect. However, the effect of casticin on asthma remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect and mechanism of casticin on inflammatory responses and expression of mucus and extracellular matrix in human airway epithelial cells...
March 6, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Jerald J Nair, Johannes van Staden
Globalization, the modern lifestyle, immuno-suppressive agents, invasive surgical procedures, the loss of efficacies of existing drugs, and multidrug resistance are some of the factors used to explain the rise in fungal infections in recent years. Significant advances have been made in attempts to replace existing antifungal schedules, especially with synthetic targets. The identification of other platforms for drug discovery is now entrenched in research programs across the globe. Plants offer significant benefits owing to their numerical superiority, exceedingly broad chemical basis and appealing sustainability characteristics...
February 27, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Jun Woo Lee, Qianwen Wu, Young Pyo Jang, Se Young Choung
Korean red pine (Pinus densiflora) bark has been traditionally used in Korea and other parts of East Asia to relieve inflammatory diseases. Although many studies using P. densiflora bark have been reported, its effect on atopic dermatitis (AD) has not been elucidated. Thus, we investigated whether the P. densiflora bark extract (PBE) has potential to attenuate AD symptoms and elucidated the molecular mechanism. Oral administration of PBE to mice with 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced AD lessened dermatitis scores and scratching behavior and significantly reduced measures of epidermal thickness, infiltration of mast cells and eosinophils, levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE), and IgG1 /IgG2a ratio in serum...
February 27, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Jihong Zhu, Ke Wen
Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) has been reported to possess anti-metastasis activity in cancer cells. However, it is unknown whether AS-IV could inhibit epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a cellular de-differentiation program that promotes metastasis, in cancer cells. The aim of this study was to study the effect and mechanism of AS-IV on EMT in gastric cancer (GC) cells. The results showed that AS-IV significantly inhibited cell viability, invasion, and migration of GC cells. The E-cadherin to N-cadherin switch and expression of Vimentin and metastasis-related genes were induced by transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), whereas AS-IV reversed the induction...
February 26, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Byoung Hoon You, Young-Won Chin, Hojun Kim, Han Seok Choi, Young Hee Choi
The synergistic activity of Houttuynia cordata ethanol extract (HCT) and metformin combination in diabetic rats has been previously reported, but the fundamental causes remain unsolved. Organic cation transporters (OCTs) and multidrug and toxin extrusion proteins (MATEs) transport metformin to the liver and kidneys. Therefore, pharmacological activity and systemic exposure of metformin in HCT-metformin combination were determined from pharmacokinetic change and glucose-lowering activity using in vitro HEK-293 cells expressing human OCTs or human MATEs and in vivo rats...
February 26, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Naoki Misawa, Takahiro Hosoya, Shuhei Yoshida, Osamu Sugimoto, Tomoe Yamada-Kato, Shigenori Kumazawa
To investigate the compounds present in wasabi leaves (Wasabia japonica Matsumura) that inhibit the adipocyte differentiation, activity-guided fractionation was performed on these leaves. 5-Hydroxyferulic acid methyl ester (1: 5-HFA ester), one of the phenylpropanoids, was isolated from wasabi leaves as a compound that inhibits the adipocyte differentiation. Compound 1 suppressed the intracellular lipid accumulation of 3T3-L1 cells without significant cytotoxicity. Gene expression analysis revealed that 1 suppressed the mRNA expression of 2 master regulators of adipocyte differentiation, PPARγ and C/EBPα...
February 26, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Vahid Soleimani, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Curcumin is the major constituent of turmeric (Curcuma longa). Turmeric has been widely used as a spice in foods and for therapeutic applications such as anti-inflammatory, antihyperlipidemic, and antimicrobial activities. Turmeric and curcumin are nonmutagenic and nongenotoxic. Oral use of turmeric and curcumin did not have reproductive toxicity in animals at certain doses. Studies on human did not show toxic effects, and curcumin was safe at the dose of 6 g/day orally for 4-7 weeks. However, some adverse effects such as gastrointestinal upsets may occur...
February 26, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Maíra Barcellos Marini, William Rodrigues de Freitas, Fernanda Lacerda da Silva Machado, Ivana Correa Ramos Leal, Angélica Ribeiro Soares, Milton Masahiko Kanashiro, Michelle Frazão Muzitano
Red algae of the genus Laurencia J. V. Lamouroux are found in tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world and are an extremely rich source of active secondary metabolites with diverse structural features. In the present study, 6 sesquiterpenes (obtusol, (-)-elatol, dendoidiol, debrome-elatol, triquinane, and obtusane) isolated from Laurencia dendroidea were investigated for their cytotoxicity, using 4 cancer cell lines (U937, Jurkat, B16F10, and Colo-205). Among all sesquiterpenes tested, obtusol and (-)-elatol showed a promising activity in the treatment of Colo-205 strain, with IC50 of 1...
February 26, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Chenyang Liu, Kang Chen, Yunwei Lu, Zhuyuan Fang, Guran Yu
Excessive amyloid beta (Aβ) deposition in brain is mainly responsible for cell damage and blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Catalpol, an iridoid glucoside extracted from the root of Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch, has neuroprotective effect against AD. It is unclear whether catalpol has a protective effect on Aβ-induced BBB leakage. We employed an immortalized endothelial cell line (bEnd.3) and astrocytes co-culture to mimic a BBB model in vitro and investigated the effect of catalpol on BBB...
February 26, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Abdullah A Elgazar, Nabil M Selim, Nabil M Abdel-Hamid, Mohammed A El-Magd, Hala M El Hefnawy
In an attempt to connect the legacy of centuries of invaluable knowledge from traditional medicine and the current understanding to the molecular mechanism of diseases, we took the advantage of the emergence of in silico screening as a promising tool for identification of potential leads from libraries of natural products. Traditional Chinese Medicine database was subjected to structure based virtual screening for identification of anti-inflammatory compounds using the 3D crystal structure of p38 alpha mitogen activated protein kinase...
February 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Maria Mantzorou, Eleni Pavlidou, George Vasios, Eftychia Tsagalioti, Constantinos Giaginis
Numerous clinical trials have investigated the potential beneficial effects of curcumin supplementation against several human chronic diseases. Up to now, it has been claimed that curcumin consumption may exert beneficial effects against several chronic diseases by promoting human health and preventing diseases. In this aspect, the present review aims to critically collect and in-depth summarize the most recent, well-designed clinical studies evaluating the potential beneficial effects of curcumin consumption on human health promotion and disease prevention...
February 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Xu-Xu Zhuang, Xuan Zang, Guang-Yao Zheng, Nan Hua, Yi Sun, Yu-Hui Hu, Ling He
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a very common neurodegenerative disorder in the elderly and brings considerable financial and social problems worldwide. In this study, polyprenols were firstly evaluated the effects on the cognitive deficits and neuropathology in APP/PS1 mice model of AD. At 3 months old, the APP/PS1 mice were divided into model group; polyprenols low, middle, and high dosage group; and positive drug group. Age-matched wild-type mice were chosen in control group. The administration by oral gavage lasted 6 months...
February 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Fatemeh Homayouni, Fatemeh Haidari, Mehdi Hedayati, Mehrnoosh Zakerkish, Kambiz Ahmadi
Elevated levels of reactive oxygen species under diabetic condition lead to vascular complications and inflammation. This study aimed to examine the effects of hesperidin supplement on blood pressure and inflammatory markers in type 2 diabetes. In this research, 64 patients were randomly allocated to receive 500 mg/day hesperidin or placebo capsules for 6 weeks. Data on systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure, serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC), tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 6 (IL-6), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were collected at the baseline and at the end of the study...
February 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Runmei Yang, Xinxin Chu, Le Sun, Zhuoying Kang, Min Ji, Ying Yu, Ying Liu, Zhendan He, Nannan Gao
The aim of this study was to evaluate the hypolipidemic effect and mechanisms of total phenylpropanoid glycosides extracted from Ligustrum robustum (Roxb.) Blume (LRTPG) in hamsters fed a high-fat diet and to discover bioactive components in HepG2 cell model induced by oleic acid. LRTPG of high (1.2 g/kg), medium (0.6 g/kg), and low (0.3 g/kg) doses was administrated daily for 21 consecutive days in hamsters. We found that in hamsters fed a high-fat diet, LRTPG effectively reduced the concentrations of plasma triglycerides (TG), free fatty acid, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hepatic TG and total cholesterol...
February 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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