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Phytotherapy Research: PTR

Wang Kezhu, Xu Pan, Lu Cong, Dong Liming, Zhang Beiyue, Lu Jingwei, Yang Yanyan, Liu Xinmin
Ginsenoside Rg1 is one of the major active ingredients of Panax ginseng and has showed notable improving learning and memory effects in several behavioral tasks, such as water maze, shuttle-box, and step-through, based on avoidance. However, there was no report about the role of Rg1 on the performance of reward-directed instrumental conditioning, which could reflect the adaptive capacity to ever-changing environments. Thus, in this study, the reward devaluation test and conditional visual discrimination task were conducted to study the ameliorating effects of Rg1 on cognitive deficits, especially the loss of adaptation capacity in chronic restraint stress (CRS) rat model...
October 20, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Ling-Feng Zeng, Ye Cao, Lu Wang, Yun-Kai Dai, Ling Hu, Qi Wang, Li-Ting Zhu, Wen-Hu Bao, Yuan-Ping Zou, Yun-Bo Chen, Wei-Hua Xu, Wei-Xiong Liang, Ning-Sheng Wang
Current evidence demonstrated certain beneficial effects of medicinal herbs as an adjuvant therapy for post-stroke depression (PSD) in China; Chai-hu (Chinese Thorowax Root, Radix Bupleuri) is an example of a medicinal plant for Liver-Qi regulation (MPLR) in the treatment of PSD. Despite several narrative reports on the antidepressant properties of MPLR, it appears that there are no systematic reviews to summarize its outcome effects. Therefore, the aim of this review was to assess the effectiveness and safety of MPLR adjuvant therapy in patients with PSD...
October 20, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Bonglee Kim, Moon-Jea Woo, Chul-Soo Park, Sang-Hun Lee, Jin-Soo Kim, Boim Kim, Seho An, Sung-Hoon Kim
Hovenia dulcis Thunb. (HDT) was known to have anti-fatigue, anti-diabetes, neuroprotective, and hepatoprotective effects. In the present study, the anti-fatty liver mechanism of HDT was elucidated in oleic acid (OA)-treated Hep G2 cells and acute hyperlipidemia mouse model using Triton WR-1339. Here, HDT activated p-AMP-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK), proliferator activated receptor-α, carnitine palmitoyltransferase and also inhibited the expression of lipogenesis and cholesterol synthesis proteins, such as 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c, SREBP-2, and fatty acid synthase in OA-treated Hep G2 cells...
October 20, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Carla Marrassini, Claudia Anesini
There is a well known link between inflammation and cancer during initiation, propagation and metastasis. Urera aurantiaca (UA) Wedd. (Urticaceae) is a medicinal plant used in traditional medicine to treat inflammatory processes with proven in vivo antiinflammatory and antinociceptive effects. The effects of a methanolic extract (UA) and a purified fraction (PF) on the proliferation of normal and tumoral lymphocytes under the effect of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) and on nitric oxide production by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages was evaluated...
October 17, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Carmen Mannucci, Michele Navarra, Fabrizio Calapai, Raffaele Squeri, Sebastiano Gangemi, Gioacchino Calapai
Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau ("Bergamot") originated from the Mediterranean ecoregion (southern Italy, Calabria). Bergamot essential oil (BEO) is used in perfumes, cosmetics, and for stress reduction. Juice from C. bergamia has been used for hyperlipidemia. We evaluated literature published on C. bergamia clinical applications. Clinical trials on C. bergamia not combined with other substances, published in English, were searched. We selected ten articles, six describing BEO effects on stress, three reporting effects of polyphenolic fraction of C...
October 17, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Giovanna Simonetti, Felicia Diodata D'Auria, Nadia Mulinacci, Marzia Innocenti, Donato Antonacci, Letizia Angiolella, Anna Rita Santamaria, Alessio Valletta, Livia Donati, Gabriella Pasqua
Several human skin diseases are associated with fungi as dermatophytes and Malassezia. Skin mycoses are increasing and new alternatives to conventional treatments with improved efficacy and/or safety profiles are desirable. For the first time, the anti-dermatophytes and the anti-Malassezia activities of Vitis vinifera seed extracts obtained from different table and wine cultivars have been evaluated. Geometric minimal inhibitory concentration ranged from 20 to 97 µg/mL for dermatophytes and from 32 to 161 µg/mL for Malassezia furfur...
October 13, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Amani S Awaad, Asmaa Al-Refaie, Reham El-Meligy, Mohamed Zain, Hesham Soliman, Mohamed S Marzoke, Nabil El-Sayed
Oral administration of the total alcohol extract of Convolvulus pilosellifolius Desr. (250 and 500 md/kg) showed potent anti-ulcerogenic activity in absolute ethanol-induced ulcer model in rats; it showed percent protection of control ulcer by 69.2 and 84.6%, respectively, while standard ranitidine (100 mg/kg) exhibited 46.2%. Bio-guided work leads to isolation of two novel compounds (1 and 2), which were identified through (1) H, (13) C NMR, HMPC, HMQC and DEPT as: methyl 2-(hydroxymethyl) octanoate, named as amanitate, and 16-amino-9,13-dimethyl-17-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-hexadecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a] phenanthren-3-ol, named as asmatol...
October 12, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Takumu Hasebe, Jun Matsukawa, Daina Ringus, Jun Miyoshi, John Hart, Atsushi Kaneko, Masahiro Yamamoto, Toru Kono, Mikihiro Fujiya, Yutaka Kohgo, Chong-Zi Wang, Chun-Su Yuan, Marc Bissonnette, Mark W Musch, Eugene B Chang
Chemopreventative properties of traditional medicines and underlying mechanisms of action are incompletely investigated. This study demonstrates that dietary daikenchuto (TU-100), comprised of ginger, ginseng, and Japanese pepper effectively suppresses intestinal tumor development and progression in the azoxymethane (AOM) and APC(min/+) mouse models. For the AOM model, TU-100 was provided after the first of six biweekly AOM injections. Mice were sacrificed at 30 weeks. APC(min/+) mice were fed diet without or with TU-100 starting at 6 weeks, and sacrificed at 24 weeks...
October 12, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Kade Davison, Peter Rc Howe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Aishwarya Balap, Sathiyanarayanan Lohidasan, Arulmozhi Sinnathambi, Kakasaheb Mahadik
The aim of the study was to investigate the herb-drug interaction of Andrographis paniculata Nees (Acanthaceae) and Andrographolide (AN) with nabumetone (NAB) in wistar rats. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions were studied after co-administration of APE and AN with NAB in Wistar rats. In pharmacokinetic studies, significant decrease in Cmax, AUC0-t and AUC0-∞ of 6-MNA after co-administration with pure AN and APE has been observed. Tmax of 6-MNA has been increased to 2 h from 1.5 h in AN + NAB treated group...
October 7, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Milica Veljković, Dragana R Pavlović, Nenad Stojiljković, Sonja Ilić, Ivan Jovanović, Nataša Poklar Ulrih, Violeta Rakić, Ljubinka Veličković, Dušan Sokolović
We assessed possible protective effect of bilberry diet in rat model of nephrotoxicity. In vivo and in vitro antioxidant activity and chemical profiling of this functional food was performed. With aid of HPLC-DAD and spectrophotometric method, 15 individual anthocyanins were quantified alongside total tannin, phenylpropanoid, and anthocyanin content. The study was conducted on four groups of rats: control, treated with only gentamicin, treated with only bilberry, and treated with both gentamicin and bilberry...
October 6, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Jing Leng, Mei-Hong Chen, Zhi-Hui Zhou, Ya-Wen Lu, Xiao-Dong Wen, Jie Yang
Adipose tissue inflammation and macrophage polarization are tightly associated with the development of obesity-associated insulin resistance. Our previous studies have demonstrated the triterpenoids-enriched extract from the aerial parts of Salvia miltiorrhiza (TTE) could significantly improve atherosclerosis in LDLR(-/-) mice. However, its molecular mechanisms of TTE ameliorating insulin resistance remain unclear. In the present study, obesity model with insulin resistance induced by feeding high-fat diet (HFD) was established...
October 6, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Nazif Ullah, Akhtar Nadhman, Sumaira Siddiq, Shaila Mehwish, Arshad Islam, Laila Jafri, Muhammad Hamayun
Leishmaniasis is a clinical manifestation caused by the parasites of the genus Leishmania. Plants are reservoirs of bioactive compounds, which are known to be chemically balanced, effective and least injurious as compared with synthetic medicines. The current resistance and the toxic effects of the available drugs have brought the trend to assess the antileishmanial effect of various plant extracts and their purified compound/s, which are summarized in this review. Moreover, it also highlights various traditional remedies used by local healers against leishmaniasis...
October 5, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Dong-Gyu Kim, Min Jung Kang, Seong Su Hong, Yun-Hyeok Choi, Jung Hye Shin
The antiinflammatory effects of functionally active compounds isolated from aged black garlic (AGE-1 and AGE-2) were investigated using a lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response model. To examine the potential antiinflammatory properties of AGE-1 and AGE-2, cell viability as well as nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, and pro-inflammatory cytokine [interleukin-6 (IL-6), TNF-α, and IL-1β] levels were measured. The mRNA and protein expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 were detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blotting...
September 30, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Youn-Hwan Hwang, Hye Jin Yang, Dong-Gun Kim, Jin Yeul Ma
Ciprofloxacin is used as a treatment for urinary and respiratory tract infections in clinical practice. Baicalein, a major flavonoid present in Scutellaria baicalensis, is a well-known and potent antibacterial compound used in complementary and alternative medicine practices. The present study aimed to clarify the effects of multiple-dose treatment with baicalein on the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin in rats. Following the oral administration of baicalein (20, 40, or 80 mg/kg) for five consecutive days, the rats received an oral administration of ciprofloxacin (20 mg/kg)...
September 26, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Bhesh Raj Sharma, Lekh Nath S Gautam, Deepak Adhikari, Rajendra Karki
Nelumbo nucifera, also known as sacred lotus, has primarily been used as food throughout the Asian continent, and its medicinal values have been described in Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese Medicine. The purpose of this study is to systematically characterize the chemical profiling and pharmacological activities of N. nucifera. Herein, we critically reviewed and analysed the phytochemical and pharmacological reports of N. nucifera. Our search for the keyword 'Nelumbo nucifera pharmacology' in all databases reported in Web of Science yielded 373 results excluding reviews and abstracts in document types...
September 26, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Chi Huu Nguyen, Christopher Krewenka, Khaled Radad, Barbara Kranner, Alexandra Huber, Johanna Catharina Duvigneau, Ingrid Miller, Rudolf Moldzio
Aging-related neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease (PD) or related disorders, are an increasing societal and economic burden worldwide. Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is discussed as a neuroprotective agent in several in vitro and in vivo models of brain injury. However, the mechanisms by which THC exhibits neuroprotective properties are not completely understood. In the present study, we investigated neuroprotective mechanisms of THC in glutamate-induced neurotoxicity in primary murine mesencephalic cultures, as a culture model for PD...
September 22, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Henrique Bridi, Aline Beckenkamp, Gari Vidal Ccana-Ccapatinta, Sérgio Augusto de Loreto Bordignon, Andréia Buffon, Gilsane Lino von Poser
In this study, a phytochemical and biological investigation on five South Brazilian Hypericum species (Hypericum caprifoliatum, Hypericum carinatum, Hypericum connatum, Hypericum myrianthum, and Hypericum polyanthemum) was carried out. The phloroglucinol-enriched fractions (PEF) of the flowering aerial parts were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography for the content of uliginosin A (1), japonicin A (2), uliginosin B (3), hyperbrasilol B (4), and the three benzopyrans, that is, 6-isobutyryl-5,7-dimethoxy-2,2-dimethyl-benzopyran (HP1) (5), 7-hydroxy-6-isobutyryl-5-methoxy-2,2-dimethyl-benzopyran (HP2) (6), and 5-hydroxy-6-isobutyryl-7-methoxy-2,2-dimethyl-benzopyran (HP3) (7)...
September 13, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Deepti P Karumathil, Meera Surendran-Nair, Kumar Venkitanarayanan
The study investigated the efficacy of two natural, plant-derived antimicrobials (PDAs), namely trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC), and eugenol (EG) for decreasing Acinetobacter baumannii adhesion to and invasion of human keratinocytes (HEK001). Moreover, the efficacy of two PDAs for inhibiting A. baumannii biofilm formation was determined using an in vitro collagen matrix wound model. Additionally, the effect of TC and EG on A. baumannii biofilm architecture was visualized using confocal scanning microscopy. Further the effect of both PDAs on genes critical for biofilm synthesis was determined using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
September 13, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Prudence N Kabongo-Kayoka, Jacobus N Eloff, Chikwelu L Obi, Lyndy J McGaw
Treatment of tuberculosis (TB) is a challenge because of multidrug-resistant and extremely drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Plant species contain antimicrobial compounds that may lead to new anti-TB drugs. Previous screening of some tree species from the Anacardiaceae family revealed the presence of antimicrobial activity, justifying further investigations. Leaf extracts of 15 Anacardiaceae tree species were screened for antimycobacterial activity using a twofold serial microdilution assay against the pathogenic Mycobacterium bovis and multidrug resistant M...
September 13, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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