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Journal of Clinical Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422463/gingival-health-and-plaque-regrowth-response-following-a-four-week-interdental-hygiene-intervention
#1
Anthony Mwatha, Misty Olson, Sonia Souza, Marilyn Ward, Wendy Jenkins, Pejmon Amini, John Gallob, Theresa Fafard
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of three adjunct interproximal cleaning methods versus a manual toothbrush alone on gingivitis, and demonstrate that the Philips Sonicare AirflossPro™ interproximal (IP) cleaning device provides a similar reduction in gingivitis and plaque compared to string floss. METHODS: A randomized, single-blind, parallel-design study was conducted on generally healthy adults exhibiting mild to moderate gingivitis. Eligible subjects were non-smokers, aged 18-65 years, with ≥ 0...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422462/a-comparison-of-the-effect-of-two-power-toothbrushes-on-the-gingival-health-and-plaque-status-of-subjects-with-moderate-gingivitis
#2
Michelle Starke, Marcia Delaurenti, Marilyn Ward, Sonia Souza, Kimberly R Milleman, Jeffery L Milleman
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of the Philips Sonicare DiamondClean plus Premium plaque control brush head with the Oral-B 7000 plus CrossAction brush head on gingivitis and supragingival plaque reduction following a 42-day period of home use. METHODS: This was a randomized, parallel, examiner-blind, prospective clinical trial conducted on generally healthy subjects. Eligible subjects met the following eligibility criteria: age 18-65, non-smoker, routine manual toothbrush user, ≥ 50 sites of gingival bleeding per the Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI), and ≥ 1...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422461/the-effectiveness-of-manual-versus-high-frequency-high-amplitude-sonic-powered-toothbrushes-for-oral-health-a-meta-analysis
#3
M de Jager, A Rmaile, O Darch, J W Bikker
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the short-term clinical efficacy of high-frequency, high-amplitude sonic powered toothbrushes compared to manual toothbrushes on plaque removal and gingivitis reduction in everyday use through a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. METHODS: Embase, MEDLINE, BIOSIS, Inspec, PQ SciTech, Compendex, SciSearch and IADR abstracts databases were searched. Eligible were clinical trials comparing at least one manual to one sonic powered toothbrush on plaque or gingivitis reduction over four weeks to three months in subjects without disability that could affect tooth brushing...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422460/an-evaluation-of-plaque-and-gingivitis-reduction-following-home-use-of-sonicare-flexcare-platinum-with-premium-plaque-control-brush-head-and-a-manual-toothbrush
#4
Wendy Jenkins, Sonia Souza, Marilyn Ward, Jodi Defenbaugh, Kimberly R Milleman, Jeffery L Milleman
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of the Philips Sonicare FlexCare Platinum with Premium plaque control brush head on gingival inflammation, bleeding, and supragingival plaque reduction following a six-week period of home use compared to a manual toothbrush. METHODS: This was a randomized, single-blind, parallel-design clinical trial. Subjects included in the study were routine manual toothbrush users who were generally healthy non-smokers, aged 18-65 years, with mild to moderate gingivitis...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422459/the-effect-of-use-of-a-sonic-power-toothbrush-and-a-manual-toothbrush-control-on-plaque-and-gingivitis
#5
Marcia Delaurenti, Marilyn Ward, Sonia Souza, Wendy Jenkins, Mark S Putt, Kimberly R Milleman, Jeffery L Milleman
OBJECTIVES: To compare the ability of the Philips Sonicare DiamondClean power toothbrush and the ADA Reference manual toothbrush to reduce plaque and gingival inflammation by routine manual toothbrush users. METHODS: This was a randomized, single-blind, parallel-design study. Eligible subjects were generally healthy non-smokers who exhibited mild to moderate gingivitis upon study entry. Enrolled subjects were randomly allocated to commence twice-daily home use of either a Philips Sonicare DiamondClean (DiamondClean) power toothbrush or an ADA reference manual toothbrush (MTB) for a period of four weeks...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391665/a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-extrinsic-stain-removal-of-a-whitening-dentifrice
#6
Géza Terézhalmy, Tao He, Mary Kay Anastasia, Rachelle Eusebio
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the extrinsic stain removal efficacy of a new whitening dentifrice containing sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) over a two-week period. METHODS: This study used a controlled and randomized, examiner-blind, single-center, two-treatment, parallel group design. Subjects with visible extrinsic dental stain on facial surfaces of their anterior teeth, and meeting all study criteria, were entered into the trial. The test group received the whitening dentifrice with sodium fluoride and SHMP and an ADA reference soft manual toothbrush...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391664/effect-of-green-tea-added-tablets-on-volatile-sulfur-containing-compounds-in-the-oral-cavity
#7
Pier Francesco Porciani, Simone Grandini
OBJECTIVES: A controlled, clinical, double-blind, cross-over study was conducted to assess the efficacy of sugar-free tablets containing green tea extract on oral volatile sulfur-containing compounds (VSC) versus placebo tablets for 30 minutes. METHODS: To join the study, subjects had to have at least 24 teeth, no report of oral and systemic diseases, and no removable dentures. All eligible participants had to avoid professional oral hygiene and drugs for two weeks, to not be menstruating, to avoid brushing their teeth and tongue, to not smoke, to not consume alcohol, coffee or tea, nor onion, garlic, or licorice for six hours before the test...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391663/a-comparative-study-of-laboratory-dentifrice-abrasion-measuring-methods
#8
Michael Prencipe, Mark Vandeven, Brian N Feldman, Bruce R Schemehorn
OBJECTIVES: Recently, a profilometry-based method for measuring toothpaste dentin abrasivity has been proposed to be equivalent to the traditional radiotracer RDA (relative dentin abrasion) procedure. This review outlines the findings and comparative assessment of laboratory studies used to measure the abrasivity of commercially available whitening dentifrices on human dentin. Traditional radiotracer and profilometry RDA-PE (Profilometry Equivalent) methods were assessed, with the objective of determining how they compare, and also to learn if the two techniques yield RDA values that are consistent with each other, specifically in ranking and potential for discrimination of three commercially available silica-based products...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391662/a-randomized-non-inferiority-clinical-study-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-two-dentifrices-for-dentin-hypersensitivity
#9
Sarah Young, Farzana Sufi, Muhammad Siddiqi, Robert Maclure, Jonathan Holt
OBJECTIVES: Calcium sodium phosphosilicate (CSPS) is a particulate bioactive material incorporated into oral healthcare products for the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity (DH). This study aimed to determine whether a dentifrice containing 5% CSPS and fluoride as sodium fluoride (NaF; "Test dentifrice") was non-inferior to a dentifrice containing 5% CSPS and fluoride as sodium monofluorophosphate (SMFP; "Comparator dentifrice") in reducing DH after eight weeks' twice-daily brushing...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391661/a-randomized-clinical-study-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-an-8-w-w-strontium-acetate-dentifrice-in-providing-relief-from-dentinal-hypersensitivity
#10
Peng Zang, David Shaw
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of a dentifrice containing 8% strontium acetate in the relief of dentinal hypersensitivity (DH), compared with that of a standard fluoride dentifrice, in a Chinese population. METHODS: This was an eight-week, single-center, randomized, controlled, examiner-blind, parallel-group study in healthy adult volunteers with DH. After an initial acclimatization period, subjects were randomized to receive either a test dentifrice containing 8% strontium acetate with 1040 ppm fluoride as sodium fluoride, or a commercially available regular fluoride dentifrice containing 1400 ppm fluoride as sodium monofluorophosphate with no known anti-sensitivity activity (negative control)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390203/lipopolysaccharide-and-lipoteichoic-acid-virulence-deactivation-by-stannous-fluoride
#11
Chris Haught, Sancai Xie, Ben Circello, Cheryl S Tansky, Deepa Khambe, Malgorzata Klukowska, Tom Huggins, Donald J White
OBJECTIVES: Oral bacterial pathogens promote gingivitis and periodontal disease. Bacterial endotoxins, also known as lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) and lipoteichoic acids (LTAs), are known to enhance bacterial pathogenicity through binding with Toll-like receptors (TLRs), a group of pattern recognition receptors critical to the activation of innate immunity, that are expressed on host cells. Both LPS and LTA contain lipophilic domains and anionic charges that may be susceptible to reactivity with stannous fluoride, a commonly used ingredient clinically proven for the treatment and prevention of gingivitis...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390202/clinical-study-to-determine-the-stain-removal-effectiveness-of-a-new-dentifrice-formulation
#12
A Buelo, A Ghassemi, L Vorwerk, W Hooper, S Nathoo
OBJECTIVES: This randomized, prospective clinical trial was conducted to determine the safety and effectiveness of a new whitening dentifrice formulation in comparison to that of both a negative and a positive control dentifrice. METHODS: Seventy-nine qualifying subjects were randomly assigned to either the new whitening dentifrice (Arm & Hammer® Truly Radiant™ Clean & Fresh Toothpaste), a positive control whitening dentifrice (Crest® 3-D White® Radiant Mint Toothpaste), or a negative control regular dentifrice (Colgate® Cavity Protection Toothpaste)...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390201/comparative-plaque-removal-efficacy-of-a-new-powered-toothbrush-and-a-manual-toothbrush
#13
L Vorwerk, A Ghassemi, W Hooper, V Patel, J Milleman, K Milleman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the plaque removal effectiveness of a new powered toothbrush and compare it to that of a manual brush. METHODS: This examiner-blind, randomized study used a cross-over design. Sixty-two (62) qualifying subjects were randomly assigned either to the powered brush (Arm & Hammer Spinbrush™ Truly Radiant™ Clean & Fresh Battery-Powered Toothbrush), or a standard manual toothbrush (ADA Standard Manual Toothbrush) and instructed to brush at home with a standard fluoride toothpaste twice daily for two minutes during a one-week familiarization period...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390200/comparative-plaque-removal-efficacy-of-three-manual-toothbrushes
#14
A Ghassemi, L Vorwerk, W Hooper, M Kwang, M Naji, C R Goyal, J Qaqish
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and plaque-reducing effectiveness of a newly designed manual toothbrush compared to that of a leading marketed toothbrush and a reference standard manual toothbrush control. METHODS: This examiner-blind, randomized, single-use study used a cross-over design. Sixty-eight qualifying male and female subjects were randomly assigned either an Arm & Hammer™ Truly Radiant™ Deep Clean manual toothbrush (TR), a Colgate® Extra Clean manual toothbrush (C), or an ADA reference standard manual toothbrush (SM) according to one of three computer-generated sequences...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390199/efficacy-of-dentaq%C3%A2-oral-and-ent-health-probiotic-complex-on-clinical-parameters-of-gingivitis-in-patients-undergoing-fixed-orthodontic-treatment-a-pilot-study
#15
Duygu Kolip, Nuray Yılmaz, Berna Gökkaya, Pinar Kulan, Betul Kargul, Kyle W MacDonald, Peter A Cadieux, Jeremy P Burton, Kris M James
OBJECTIVES: Probiotics act as a unique approach to maintaining oral health by supplementing the endogenous oral bacteria with additional naturally occurring beneficial microbes to provide defense against pathogens harmful to teeth and gingiva. The aim of this pilot study was to clinically evaluate the effects of probiotics on plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation in subjects with fixed orthodontics. METHODS: The pilot study was comprised of 15 healthy patients, aged 11 to 18 years, undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390208/comparison-of-water-flosser-and-interdental-brush-on-reduction-of-gingival-bleeding-and-plaque-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#16
C Ram Goyal, Deborah M Lyle, Jimmy G Qaqish, Reinhard Schuller
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this randomized, two-week, single blind, two-group parallel pilot study was to compare the reduction in gingival bleeding and plaque in subjects using a water flosser or interdental brush, each combined with a manual toothbrush. METHODS: Twenty-eight subjects completed the study. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups: Waterpik® Water Flosser (WF) plus manual toothbrush or interdental brushes (IDBs) plus a manual toothbrush...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390207/a-randomized-clinical-trial-investigating-the-effect-of-particle-size-of-calcium-sodium-phosphosilicate-csps-on-the-efficacy-of-csps-containing-dentifrices-for-the-relief-of-dentin-hypersensitivity
#17
Peng Zang, Charles Parkinson, Claire Hall, Nan Wang, Han Jiang, Jing Zhang, Minquan Du
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of reducing the particle size of calcium sodium phosphosilicate (CSPS) bioactive glass from ~14 µm (NovaMin®) to ~4 µm (Vitryxx®), and of changing the fluoride source in a 5% CSPS dentifrice from sodium monofluorophosphate (SMFP) to sodium fluoride (NaF) on the efficacy of CSPS-containing dentifrices in dentin hypersensitivity (DH) relief. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, examiner-blind, five-treatment arm, parallel group, stratified, exploratory study of NaF dentifrices containing 2...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390206/comparative-efficacy-of-a-soft-toothbrush-with-tapered-tip-bristles-to-an-ada-reference-toothbrush-on-gingival-abrasion-over-a-12-week-period
#18
John Gallob, Dolores M Petrone, Luis R Mateo, Patricia Chaknis, Boyce M Morrison, Foti Panagakos, Malcolm Williams
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the impact of a soft toothbrush with tapered-tip (Test Toothbrush) bristles and an ADA reference toothbrush (ADA Toothbrush) on gingival abrasion over a 12-week period. METHODS: This was a randomized, single-center, examiner-blind, two-cell, parallel clinical research study and used the Danser Gingival Abrasion Index to assess the level of gingival abrasion after a single brushing, as well as after six weeks and 12 weeks of twice-daily brushing...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390205/comparative-efficacy-of-a-soft-toothbrush-with-tapered-tip-bristles-and-an-ada-reference-toothbrush-on-established-gingivitis-and-supragingival-plaque-over-a-12-week-period
#19
John Gallob, Dolores M Petrone, Luis R Mateo, Patricia Chaknis, Boyce M Morrison, Malcolm Williams, Foti Panagakos
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the efficacy of a soft toothbrush with tapered-tip bristles (Test Toothbrush) and an ADA reference soft toothbrush (ADA Toothbrush) on established gingivitis and supragingival plaque over a 12-week period. METHODS: This randomized, single-center, examiner-blind, two-cell, parallel clinical research study assessed plaque removal by the comparison of pre- to- post-brushing after a single use, and again after six- and 12-weeks' use, using the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index, Turesky Modification...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390204/the-superior-anti-caries-efficacy-of-fluoride-toothpaste-containing-1-5-arginine
#20
D Cummins
Innovation in the dental caries area and the development of new superior efficacy treatments to prevent dental caries are as important today as they have ever been, because caries remains a highly prevalent disease globally. Appropriately designed and well-conducted, randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are best-in-class evidence of the effectiveness of a new intervention in medicine and dentistry, and traditional two- to threeyear caries clinical trials are currently the gold standard for proof of superior caries prevention efficacy...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
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