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Environmental Geochemistry and Health

Vladica Stevanović, Ljiljana Gulan, Biljana Milenković, Aleksandar Valjarević, Tijana Zeremski, Ivana Penjišević
Activity levels of natural and artificial radionuclides and content of ten heavy metals (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn and Hg) were investigated in 41 soil samples collected from Toplica region located in the south part of Serbia. Radioactivity was determined by gamma spectrometry using HPGe detector. The obtained mean activity concentrations ± standard deviations of radionuclides226 Ra,232 Th,40 K and137 Cs were 29.9 ± 9.4, 36.6 ± 11.5, 492 ± 181 and 13.4 ± 18.7 Bq kg-1 , respectively...
March 13, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Sang-Ho Lee, Heechul Choi, Kyoung-Woong Kim
To develop a novel granular adsorbent to remove arsenic and antimony from water, calcined Mg/Al-layered double-hydroxide (CLDH)-incorporated polyethersulfone (PES) granular adsorbents (PES-LDH) were prepared using a core-shell method having 25% PES in an N,N-dimethylformamide solution. The PES-LDH displayed a spherical hollow shape having a rough surface and the average particle size of 1-2 mm. On the PES-LDH surface, nanosized CLDH (100-150 nm) was successfully immobilized by consolidation between PES and CLDH...
March 13, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Myoung-Soo Ko, Seunghak Lee, Kyoung-Woong Kim
Iron oxide and oxy-hydroxide are commonly used for remediation and rehabilitation of arsenic (As)-contaminated soil and water. However, the stability of As sequestered by iron oxide and oxy-hydroxide under anaerobic conditions is still uncertain. Geochemical properties influence the behavior of As; in addition, microbial activities affect the mobility of sequestered As in soil and water. Microbial-mediated iron reduction can increase the mobility of As by reductive dissolution of Fe oxide; however, microbial-mediated sulfate reduction can decrease the mobility of As by sulfide mineral precipitation...
March 8, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Saideh Ghadimi, Giti Forghani, Gholam Abbas Kazemi
The Angouran Mine, located in northwest Iran, is the largest Zn-Pb producer in the Middle East. This study was designed to investigate the distribution, geochemistry, and mineralogy of the aerosols in the mining area and to assess their likely health impacts on the local residents. For this purpose, 36 aerosol samples were collected from 2014 to 2015 at nine sites located in mine district and upwind and downwind directions. The concentration of potentially toxic elements in the aerosols was determined using AAS instrument...
March 7, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Neil L Rose, Simon D Turner, Handong Yang, Congqiao Yang, Charlotte Hall, Stuart Harrad
'Real-world' contaminant exposure of sediment-dwelling biota is typically long-term, low-level and to multiple pollutants. However, sediment quality guidelines, designed to protect these organisms, relate only to single contaminants. This study uses radiometrically dated sediment cores from 7 English lakes with varying contamination histories to reconstruct temporal changes in likely risk to biota (herein termed 'palaeotoxicity'). The Probable Effects Concentration Quotient (PEC-Q) approach was used to combine sediment concentrations from multiple contaminants (trace metals; PCBs; PBDEs) to determine risk allocated to metals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) separately as well as combined (PEC-Q Mean-All)...
March 2, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Yajun Du, Kunli Luo, Runxiang Ni, Rahib Hussain
The natural selenium poisoning due to toxic Se levels in food chain had been observed in humans and animals in Lower Cambrian outcrop areas in Southern Shaanxi, China. To find out the distribution pattern of selenium and other hazardous elements in the plant, soil and water of Lower Cambrian in Southern Shaanxi, China, and their possible potential health risk, a total of 30 elements were analyzed and the health risk assessment of 18 elements was calculated. Results showed that the soil, plant and natural water of Lower Cambrian all had relatively high Se levels...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Zaixing Huang, Fangjing Liu, Michael A Urynowicz, Franco Basile, Hongguang Guo, Liwei Chen, Paul H Fallgren, Song Jin
Coalbed methane (CBM) is an important unconventional energy source and accounts for a substantial portion of the overall natural gas production in the USA. The extraction of CBM generates significant amounts of produced water, where the withdrawal of groundwater may disturb the subsurface environment and aquifers. The release of toxic recalcitrant compounds from the coal seam is of great concern for those who use groundwater for irrigation and potable water sources. Experiments were conducted that determined a small fraction of coal carbon can be extracted and solubilized in water during the CBM formation and production...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Danuta Kosik-Bogacka, Natalia Łanocha-Arendarczyk, Karolina Kot, Witold Malinowski, Sławomir Szymański, Olimpia Sipak-Szmigiel, Bogumiła Pilarczyk, Agnieszka Tomza-Marciniak, Joanna Podlasińska, Natalia Tomska, Żaneta Ciosek
The aim of the study was to evaluate Hg and Se concentrations and Se:Hg molar ratios in the placenta, umbilical cord and fetal membranes, and to examine the relationship between the concentrations of the elements and selected factors. The study material consisted of the placenta, umbilical cord and fetal membranes obtained from 91 healthy women from northwestern and central Poland. In our study mean Hg and Se concentrations in afterbirth were ~ 0.01 mg/kg dry weight (dw) and ≤ 0.5 mg/kg dw, respectively...
February 28, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Cleyton Saialy Medeiros Cunha, Ygor Jacques Agra Bezerra da Silva, Maria Eugenia Ortiz Escobar, Clístenes Williams Araújo do Nascimento
The Itataia uranium-phosphate deposit is the largest uranium reserve in Brazil. Rare earth elements (REEs) are commonly associated with phosphate deposits; however, there are no studies on the concentrations of REEs in soils of the Itataia deposit region. Thus, the objective of the research was to evaluate the concentration and spatial variability of REEs in topsoils of Itataia phosphate deposit region. In addition, the influence of soil properties on the geochemistry of REEs was investigated. Results showed that relatively high mean concentrations (mg kg-1 ) of heavy REEs (Gd 6...
February 22, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Imen Gdara, Ines Zrafi, Catia Balducci, Angelo Cecinato, Ahmed Ghrabi
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are of great concern due to their persistence, bioaccumulation and toxic properties. The occurrence, source and ecological risk assessment of 26 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in industrial and agricultural effluents affecting the Wadi El Bey watershed were investigated by means of gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric analysis (GC/MS). Total PAHs (∑ 26 PAH) ranged from 1.21 to 91.7 µg/L. The 4- and 5-ring compounds were the principal PAHs detected in most of 5 sites examined...
February 13, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Guor-Cheng Fang, Wen-Chuan Huang, Yuan-Jie Zhuang, Chao-Yang Huang, Kai-Hsiang Tsai, You-Fu Xiao
The plum rain season in Taiwan is in May and June. The severest plum rain season over the last 21 years was in 2017. This study involves the collection of mercury wet depositions in the plum rain season of May-June in 2017. A DMA-80 (Direct Mercury Analyzer) was used to analyze the precipitated mercury concentrations and calculate the wet depositions of mercury in the plum rain season. The results indicate that the highest wet depositions of mercury in the aqueous phase were on 6/16, reaching 209.04 μg/m2 * day, while the lowest were on 5/15, at 0...
February 12, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Qiangbin Zhang, Wei Huang, Xianlei Zhu, Qinping Song, Zhihua Fan
The disinfectants and pesticides extensively used after Wenchuan 5.12 Earthquake on May 12, 2008 (so-called Wenchuan 5.12 Earthquake), for epidemic prevention purpose can raise great concerns of environmental pollution and potential personal exposure. To investigate the soil pollution caused by the intensive application in earthquake-affected areas, surface soil samples from two elementary schools, two communities and two background areas were collected in Beichuan County and Dujiangyan City once per location in spring and in autumn in 2011 and then analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organochlorine pesticides (OCPs)...
February 5, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Ran Li, Yi-Ming Kuo, Wen-Wen Liu, Cheng-Shin Jang, Enmin Zhao, Liquan Yao
Groundwater contamination with high arsenic (As) levels has caused serious health problem in Jianghan Plain. This study presents a framework to evaluate the results and their probable influencing factors of non-carcinogenic risk and carcinogenic risk in Shahu Village. An appropriate health risk assessment for residents exposing to As through ingestion and dermal contact pathways is also discussed in the paper. Hazard quotient (HQ) and target cancer risk (TR) are adopted to compute the non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic effects for residents, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Elsayed A Elkhatib, Fatma Sherif, Mahrous Kandil, Ahmed Mahdy, Mohamed Moharem, Abdulla A Al-Basri
Heavy metal pollution in soils amended with biosolids has been a serious problem worldwide for clean food production. Laboratory and greenhouse experiments were performed to assess the impact of water treatment residual nanoparticles (nWTRs), at different application rates (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3%), on immobilization and phytoavailability of Cd and Pb to canola (Brassica napus L.) plants in soils amended with biosolids spiked with three different rates of Cd or Pb. Application of nWTRs significantly increased the residual fractions of Cd and Pb in metal-spiked biosolid-amended soil and thereby increased the immobilization of Cd and Pb in the amended soil...
February 1, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Maida Sljivic Husejnovic, Martina Bergant, Sasa Jankovic, Suzana Zizek, Aida Smajlovic, Adaleta Softic, Omer Music, Biljana Antonijevic
Soil contamination by heavy metals is a serious global environmental problem, especially for developing countries. A large number of industrial plants, which continually pollute the environment, characterize Tuzla Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The aim of this study was to assess the level of soil pollution by heavy metals and to estimate cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of soil leachates from this area. Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) were analyzed by ICP-AES and AAS. Soil contamination was assessed using contamination factor, degree of contamination, geoaccumulation index and pollution load index...
January 23, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Zhengying Tan, Senlin Lu, Hui Zhao, Xiao Kai, Peng Jiaxian, Myat Sandar Win, Shang Yu, Shinich Yonemochi, Qingyue Wang
As an accumulation of solid organic and inorganic pollutant particles on outdoor ground surfaces, road dust is an important carrier of heavy metal contaminants and can be a valuable medium for characterizing urban environmental quality. Because the dusts can be an important source of atmospheric particles and take impact on human health, the aim of this study described in detail the mineralogical characteristics, morphology, and heavy metal content of road dust from Xuanwei and Fuyuan, locations with high lung cancer incidence...
January 19, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Jong-Hwan Park, Jim J Wang, Seong-Heon Kim, Se-Won Kang, Ju-Sik Cho, Ronald D Delaune, Yong Sik Ok, Dong-Cheol Seo
Recycling food waste for beneficial use is becoming increasingly important in resource-limited economy. In this study, waste chicken bones of different parts from restaurant industry were pyrolyzed at 600 °C and evaluated for char physicochemical properties and Pb sorption characteristics. Lead adsorption isotherms by different chicken bone chars were carried out with initial Pb concentration range of 1-1000 mg L-1 at pH 5. The Pb adsorption data were better described by the Langmuir model (R2 = 0.9289-0...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Panwei Zhang, Huaidong Zhou, Kun Li, Xiaohui Zhao, Qiaona Liu, Dongjiao Li, Gaofeng Zhao
Eighteen selected pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), consisting of five non-antibiotic pharmaceuticals (N-APs), four sulfonamides (SAs), four tetracyclines (TCs), four macrolides (MCs), and one quinolone (QN) were detected in water, pore water, and sediment samples from Baiyangdian Lake, China. A total of 31 water samples and 29 sediment samples were collected in March 2017. Caffeine was detected with 100% frequency in surface water, pore water, and sediment samples. Carbamazepine was detected with 100% frequency in surface water and sediment samples...
January 13, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Hongbing Sun
Crop available soil potassium is generally low and on the decline in the southeastern states of the USA because of the increasing crop and runoff removal and decreasing application of potassium fertilizer. Hypertension-related mortality rates are also high in the southeastern states and are on the rise. Among 41 elements analyzed from 4856 sites across all 48 states, potassium is identified as the only independent element whose soil concentration has significant association with spatial disparities of essential hypertension and hypertension-related mortality rates in the 48 states between 1999 and 2014...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
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