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FEMS Microbiology Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965320/staphylococcus-aureus-phagocyte-nadph-oxidase-and-chronic-granulomatous-disease
#1
REVIEW
Helene Buvelot, Klara M Posfay-Barbe, Patrick Linder, Jacques Schrenzel, Karl-Heinz Krause
Dysfunction of phagocytes is a relevant risk factor for staphylococcal infection. The most common hereditary phagocyte dysfunction is chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), characterized by impaired generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) due to loss of function mutations within the phagocyte NADPH oxidase NOX2. Phagocytes ROS generation is fundamental to eliminate pathogens and to regulate the inflammatory response to infection. CGD is characterized by recurrent and severe bacterial and fungal infections, with Staphylococcus aureus as the most frequent pathogen, and skin and lung abscesses as the most common clinical entities...
December 12, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087690/editorial-an-expanded-view-of-viruses
#2
EDITORIAL
Urs F Greber, Ralf Bartenschlager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576366/antibiotic-dialogues-induction-of-silent-biosynthetic-gene-clusters-by-exogenous-small-molecules
#3
REVIEW
Bethany K Okada, Mohammad R Seyedsayamdost
Natural products have traditionally served as a dominant source of therapeutic agents. They are produced by dedicated biosynthetic gene clusters that assemble complex, bioactive molecules from simple precursors. Recent genome sequencing efforts coupled with advances in bioinformatics indicate that the majority of biosynthetic gene clusters are not expressed under normal laboratory conditions. Termed 'silent' or 'cryptic', these gene clusters represent a treasure trove for discovery of novel small molecules, their regulatory circuits and their biosynthetic pathways...
January 2017: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566466/emerging-facets-of-prokaryotic-glycosylation
#4
REVIEW
Christina Schäffer, Paul Messner
Glycosylation of proteins is one of the most prevalent post-translational modifications occurring in nature, with a wide repertoire of biological implications. Pathways for the main types of this modification, the N- and O-glycosylation, can be found in all three domains of life-the Eukarya, Bacteria and Archaea-thereby following common principles, which are valid also for lipopolysaccharides, lipooligosaccharides and glycopolymers. Thus, studies on any glycoconjugate can unravel novel facets of the still incompletely understood fundamentals of protein N- and O-glycosylation...
January 2017: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856492/forest-microbiome-diversity-complexity-and-dynamics
#5
REVIEW
Petr Baldrian
Globally, forests represent highly productive ecosystems that act as carbon sinks where soil organic matter is formed from residuals after biomass decomposition as well as from rhizodeposited carbon. Forests exhibit a high level of spatial heterogeneity and the importance of trees, the dominant primary producers, for their structure and functioning. Fungi, bacteria and archaea inhabit various forest habitats: foliage, the wood of living trees, the bark surface, ground vegetation, roots and the rhizosphere, litter, soil, deadwood, rock surfaces, invertebrates, wetlands or the atmosphere, each of which has its own specific features, such as nutrient availability or temporal dynamicy and specific drivers that affect microbial abundance, the level of dominance of bacteria or fungi as well as the composition of their communities...
November 16, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204529/the-multicellular-nature-of-filamentous-heterocyst-forming-cyanobacteria
#6
Antonia Herrero, Joel Stavans, Enrique Flores
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204504/profiling-the-metabolic-signals-involved-in-chemical-communication-between-microbes-using-imaging-mass-spectrometry
#7
Nikolas M Stasulli, Elizabeth A Shank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204482/collective-behaviour-and-swarm-intelligence-in-slime-moulds
#8
Chris R Reid, Tanya Latty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204477/winding-paths-to-simplicity-genome-evolution-in-facultative-insect-symbionts
#9
Wen-Sui Lo, Ya-Yi Huang, Chih-Horng Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201757/oxidative-and-nitrosative-stress-defences-of-helicobacter-and-campylobacter-species-that-counteract-mammalian-immunity
#10
Annika Flint, Alain Stintzi, Lígia M Saraiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201751/experimental-evolution-in-biofilm-populations
#11
Hans P Steenackers, Ilse Parijs, Akanksha Dubey, Kevin R Foster, Jozef Vanderleyden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201744/synthetic-microbial-ecology-and-the-dynamic-interplay-between-microbial-genotypes
#12
Jan Dolinšek, Felix Goldschmidt, David R Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201715/behind-the-lines-actions-of-bacterial-type-iii-effector-proteins-in-plant-cells
#13
Daniela Büttner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201690/sensing-the-enemy-containing-the-threat-cell-autonomous-immunity-to-chlamydia-trachomatis
#14
Ryan Finethy, Jörn Coers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201572/editorial-signals-to-sociality-how-microbial-communication-fashions-communities
#15
Karine A Gibbs, Aimee Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201512/role-of-environmental-factors-and-microorganisms-in-determining-the-fate-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-the-marine-environment
#16
Robert Duran, Cristiana Cravo-Laureau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799279/non-canonical-transcription-initiation-the-expanding-universe-of-transcription-initiating-substrates
#17
REVIEW
Ivan Barvík, Dominik Rejman, Natalya Panova, Hana Šanderová, Libor Krásný
RNA polymerase (RNAP) is the central enzyme of transcription of the genetic information from DNA into RNA. RNAP recognizes four main substrates: ATP, CTP, GTP and UTP. Experimental evidence from the past several years suggests that, besides these four NTPs, other molecules can be used to initiate transcription: (i) ribooligonucleotides (nanoRNAs) and (ii) coenzymes such as NAD(+), NADH, dephospho-CoA and FAD. The presence of these molecules at the 5' ends of RNAs affects the properties of the RNA. Here, we discuss the expanding portfolio of molecules that can initiate transcription, their mechanism of incorporation, effects on RNA and cellular processes, and we present an outlook toward other possible initiation substrates...
October 30, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682994/editorial-signals-to-sociality-how-microbial-communication-fashions-communities
#18
Karine A Gibbs, Aimee Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677972/social-interactions-in-bacterial-cell-cell-signaling
#19
REVIEW
Kyle L Asfahl, Martin Schuster
Cooperation and conflict in microorganisms is being recognized as an important factor in the organization and function of microbial communities. Many of the cooperative behaviors described in bacteria are governed through a cell-cell signaling process generally termed quorum sensing. Communication and cooperation in diverse microorganisms exhibit predictable trends that behave according to social evolutionary theory, notably that public goods dilemmas produce selective pressures for divergence in social phenotypes including cheating...
September 26, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613271/the-clinical-impact-of-artemisinin-resistance-in-southeast-asia-and-the-potential-for-future-spread
#20
REVIEW
Charles J Woodrow, Nicholas J White
Artemisinins are the most rapidly acting of currently available antimalarial drugs. Artesunate has become the treatment of choice for severe malaria, and artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are the foundation of modern falciparum malaria treatment globally. Their safety and tolerability profile is excellent. Unfortunately, Plasmodium falciparum infections with mutations in the 'K13' gene, with reduced ring-stage susceptibility to artemisinins, and slow parasite clearance in patients treated with ACTs, are now widespread in Southeast Asia...
September 8, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
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