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Applied Nursing Research: ANR

Carmen Giurgescu, Christopher G Engeland, Thomas N Templin, Shannon N Zenk, Mary Dawn Koenig, Lindsey Garfield
PURPOSE: Chronic exposure to racial discrimination by pregnant African American women may lead to allostatic overload; thereby, predisposing women to systemic inflammation. Thus, the goal of this study was to examine if experiences of racial discrimination are related to systemic inflammation in pregnant African Americans. METHODS: A sample of 96 African American women from Chicago completed questionnaires and had blood drawn during the second trimester of pregnancy (19...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Kerong Wang, Wei-Ti Chen, Lin Zhang, MeiJuan Bao, Hongxin Zhao, Hongzhou Lu
AIMS: The aim is to explore perceived facilitators of and barriers to HIV self-management for HIV-positive Chinese women. BACKGROUND: Little is known about self-management among HIV-positive Chinese women in China. Understanding the experiences of this population is needed to promote self-management. METHODS: 27 in-depth interviews were conducted in Beijing and Shanghai. Facilitators included families being supportive after disclosure, patients learning how to live with HIV, antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, and rediscovering the meaning of life...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Sylwia Jałtuszewska, Andrzej Basiński
BACKGROUND: Research into the quality of life (QoL) of people with cancer is relevant for the diagnosis of the patient's health. The collected data are used to determine somatic complaints, psychological state and the needs for nursing care. AIM: The study aimed to assess the overall QoL and functional status in relation to basic activities of daily living of patients diagnosed with cancer in our region. METHODS: Using questionnaires for assessment of QoL and functional status (Barthel Index), we surveyed 500 adult patients (250 women and 250 men) diagnosed with neoplasms of varying etiology and staying at home...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Kleyton Trindade Santos, Marcos Henrique Fernandes, José Ailton Carneiro, Raildo da Silva Coqueiro
OBJECTIVE: To verify the association between frailty and motor performance, and identify which test is the best predictor of frailty in the older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population- and home-based study that analyzed data from 286 older adults. The association between physical performance tests and frailty was verified by binary logistic regression. The diagnostic power of the performance tests and the identification of the best cut-off points to frailty were evaluated using the ROC curve and the area under the ROC curve...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Callista Roy, Gulcan Bakan, Zhushan Li, Tam H Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Heidi Hagerman, Bernice Skytt, Barbro Wadensten, Hans Högberg, Maria Engström
AIM: To study whether the number of subordinates plays a role in first-line managers' and subordinates' ratings of empowerment, stress symptoms, and leadership-management performance. The aim was also to study relationships between managers' empowerment and stress symptoms and leadership-management performance. METHODS: A longitudinal and correlational design was used. All first-line managers (n=98) and their subordinates (n=2085) working in the care of older adults in five municipalities were approached...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Rapin Polsook, Yupin Aungsuroch, Thida Thongvichean
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Studies have reported that adherence to medications after hospital discharge for myocardial infarction is poor with about 12% to 20% of patients discontinue their medications six months after discharge. This study aimed to examine the effect of self-efficacy enhancement program on medication adherence in post-acute myocardial infarction patients. METHODS: A total 44 patient with post-acute myocardial infarction were recruited from the in-patient department, Police General Hospital...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Lan Wang, Annette Nygårdh, Yue Zhao, Jan Mårtensson
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the status of self-management in patients with COPD and its associations with sociodemographic and clinical variables. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 154 patients with COPD (mean age, 73 years) at four hospitals in Tianjin, China. The COPD Self-Management Scale was used to describe the level of self-management, and its associations with sociodemographic and clinical variables were examined with multiple regression analysis...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Jui-Hui Tseng, Huey-Shyan Lin, Shu-Ming Chen, Ching-Huey Chen
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare the effectiveness between a systematic assessment tool and a traditional assessment tool for discharge planning. METHODS: This research adopted a two-group comparison study design, and convenience sampling was adopted to recruit patients requiring discharge-planning services at eight wards in a regional teaching hospital in Southern Taiwan. The postdischarge care requirements of two groups of patients were evaluated using a traditional assessment tool and a systematic assessment tool in different implementation periods, respectively...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Carrie-Ellen Briere, Jacqueline M McGrath, Xiaomei Cong, Elizabeth Brownell, Regina Cusson
AIM: To explore the relationship between direct-breastfeeding in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and breastfeeding duration after discharge. BACKGROUND: Initiating and maintaining breastmilk feeding is an important goal that begins in the NICU. Little is known about direct-breastfeeding in the NICU and its relation to breastfeeding duration. METHODS: Chart review of 46 infants (<32weeks gestational age or <1500 grams) whose mothers provided breastmilk...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Jonna L Morris, Susan M Sereika, Martin Houze, Eileen R Chasens
PURPOSE: Nocturia, a common cause of disturbed sleep quality and next-day fatigue, may contribute to difficulty with diabetes self-management. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect nocturia has on next-day subjectively measured mental and physical energy and objectively measured physical activity. METHODS: This secondary analysis utilized sleep diaries over one week which measured nocturia frequency and other sleep quality indicators (wake after sleep onset, sleep quality and sleep duration) along with next-day reports of mental and physical energy...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Kristy Chunta
INTRODUCTION: Over 500,000 open-heart (OH) surgery procedures are performed annually to treat cardiovascular and valvular heart disease. Despite the frequency of the procedure, patients face psychosocial and physical challenges that continue long after discharge. The research question for this study was: How does a telephone supportive intervention change anxiety, depression, expectations, and physical health status (PHS) in OH surgery patients? METHODS: A quasi-experimental, repeated measures design was used...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Eman M Matar, Diana H Arabiat, Mandie J Foster
AIM: This research was undertaken with the purpose of testing two research hypotheses regarding the efficacy of 10% oral glucose solution on procedural pain associated with venepuncture and nasopharyngeal suctioning within three neonatal intensive care units (NICU). The hypotheses were formulated from previous conclusions reached by other researchers highlighting the efficacy of sucrose solutions on neonates' pain responses during minor painful procedures. METHOD: A quasi-experimental trial utilising a time series design with one group was used...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Theresa Lynch Morrison, Laura Brennaman
PURPOSE: The study purpose was to elicit factors that caused satisfaction and dissatisfaction for staff registered nurses (RNs) who participated in two types of nurse student interactions: clinical rotation role-model and student preceptorship. BACKGROUND: The limited availability of practice sites for clinical experiences places essential importance on the need to understand RNs' perceptions of students' effect on their practice. METHODS: This cross sectional descriptive study surveyed RNs who worked at six acute care hospitals in two multi-hospital not-for-profit community healthcare systems in southeastern United States, using the Nursing Students' Contributions to Clinical Agencies (NSCCA) survey via SurveyMonkey®...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Beth Oliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Cheri Ann Hernandez, David A Hernandez, Christine M Wellington, Art Kidd
BACKGROUND: No prior research has been done with normal weight persons specific to their experience of weight management. PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to discover the experience of weight management in normal weight individuals. METHOD: Glaserian grounded theory was used. Qualitative data (focus group) and quantitative data (food diary, study questionnaire, and anthropometric measures) were collected. DISCUSSION: Weight management was an ongoing process of trying to focus on living (family, work, and social), while maintaining their normal weight targets through five consciously and unconsciously used strategies...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Elizabeth G Epstein, Katherine Wolfe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to preliminarily evaluate ICU family members' trust and shared decision making using modified versions of the Wake Forest Trust Survey and the Shared Decision Making-9 Survey. METHODS: Using a descriptive approach, the perceptions of family members of ICU patients (n=69) of trust and shared decision making were measured using the Wake Forest Trust Survey and the 9-item Shared Decision Making (SDM-9) Questionnaire. Both surveys were modified slightly to apply to family members of ICU patients and to include perceptions of nurses as well as physicians...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Erin R Currie, Cathy Roche, Becky J Christian, Marie Bakitas, Karen Meneses
Understanding parental experiences following infant death in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a high research priority and a necessary first step to improving health services. However, recruiting bereaved parents to discuss their experiences on such an extremely sensitive topic can be challenging and research procedures must be planned carefully in order to get an adequate sample. There is little published in the literature detailing specific strategies for recruiting bereaved parents for grief research, especially strategies for contacting parents and identifying factors that might affect participation...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Athina E Patelarou, Aggelos Laliotis, Hero Brokalaki, Ioannis Petrakis, Vassilis Dafermos, Evmorfia Koukia
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) remains limited in healthcare settings and knowledge of predictors of healthcare professionals' EBP activities is lacking. AIM: To describe nurses' readiness for EBP and identify related predictors in Greek healthcare settings. RESULTS: Nurses scored high in the EBP readiness scale reflecting significant positive readiness toward EBP and consistently reported favorable attitudes toward and beliefs about EBP...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Valerie Boebel Toly, Julia E Blanchette, Carol M Musil, Jaclene A Zauszniewski
Resourcefulness, a set of cognitive and behavioral skills used to attain, maintain, or regain health, is a factor related to depressive symptoms in mothers of children with chronic conditions and complex care needs who are dependent on medical technology such as mechanical ventilation or feeding tubes. The purpose of this secondary analysis of a randomized, controlled pilot intervention study was to determine the feasibility, acceptability and fidelity of daily journal writing as a method of reinforcement of resourcefulness training (RT) that teaches the use of social and personal resourcefulness skills...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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