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Applied Nursing Research: ANR

Kendra Kamp, Gwen Wyatt, Sharon Dudley-Brown, Kelly Brittain, Barbara Given
Questionnaires are a standard component of quantitative research, but seldom do researchers consider the importance of item clarity and participant comprehension. This is particularly true among the often overlooked individual and condition-specific items which characterize the patient and disease process. Cognitive interviewing is one approach to assess item clarity and identify how participants understand and respond to questions. The purpose of this paper is to describe the process of cognitive interviewing used to identify questions that are unclear or challenging to answer for a unique population, emerging adults (age 18-29) with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
June 20, 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Joyce J Fitzpatrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Kara Misto
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to describe nurses' critical appraisal of their family nursing practice and experience of interaction and reciprocity in the nurse-family relationship. BACKGROUND: Nursing practice that is inclusive of family during hospitalizations of older adults with chronic illnesses benefits patients and families, as well as nurses. There is, however, a limited amount of research that has focused on nurses' perceptions of caring for older adult patients and their families who are managing chronic illness...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Yaya Wang, Qiaoqin Wan, Jia Guo, Xiaoyan Jin, Weijiao Zhou, Xiaolin Feng, Shaomei Shang
BACKGROUND: Nurse-physician collaboration is a critical prerequisite for high-quality care. Previous researchers have addressed multiple factors that influence collaboration. However, little of this research has explored the influence of interactional factors on nurses' perception of nurse-physician collaboration in China. AIMS: To examine the influence of interactional factors (effective communication, perceived respect and willingness to collaborate) on nurses' perception of nurse-physician collaboration...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Herica Silva Dutra, Jeannie P Cimiotti, Edinêis de Brito Guirardello
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that a work environment that does not support nurses, and high levels of emotional exhaustion and job dissatisfaction are associated with nurses' intent to leave their job. The aim of this study was to determine if these work-related factors and job-related outcomes are common in Brazilian nurses. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a 2015 survey of nursing professionals who worked in 48 units of three Brazilian, acute care hospitals...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Linda P Bolin, Patricia B Crane, James R Powell, Carolyn E Horne, Theresa A Floegel
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological management only controls 58% of those with hypertension. Combining pharmacological therapy with physical activity is important in controlling hypertension. AIM: To examine factors associated with physical activity (PA) adherence in African Americans (AAs) with hypertension and antihypertensive medication adherence. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive correlational design was used to examine if systolic BP, co-morbidities, serum creatinine and potassium, education, depression, locus of control, and social support explained PA adherence in a convenience sample of AAs (N = 77) aged 55 to 84...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Desirée Kozlowski, Marie Hutchinson, John Hurley, Graeme Browne
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) is associated with a wide range of personal, professional and social benefits with numerous applications evident for nursing education and clinical practice. Despite growing support for increasing the focus on EI in nursing and nurse education, empirical evidence for the effectiveness of training to increase EI is sparse. The aim with this study was to test the effect of a brief EI training program for registered nurses. METHODS: We conducted a cross-site quasi-experimental study measuring nurses' EI pre- (T1) and three months post- (T2) EI training with a matched (untrained) control group (total n = 60)...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Julie A Varns, Anne F Fish, J Christopher Eagon
Bariatric (weight loss) surgery is more popular than ever. The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery in 2016 reported that 216,000 bariatric procedures were performed in the United States. Bariatric surgery has major physiological benefits; its use is expected to increase globally. However, patients may not anticipate the profound impact that rapid and massive weight loss may have on their body image after bariatric surgery. The construct of body image in this population needs to be explicated to facilitate continued research regarding this increasingly prevalent healthcare procedure...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Rosy Tay Swee Cheng, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas, Eleanor Holyroyd, Violeta Lopez
BACKGROUND: Prolonged preoperative waiting times from six months to two years for joint replacement surgery are detrimental to patients' quality of life due to increasing physical dysfunction, pain, joint stiffness, worsening mental health, and limited independence in daily life. AIM: This study explored the perceptions of elderly patients undergoing joint replacement surgery. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive design guided by the social cognitive theory was used to conduct repeated semi-structured interviews with 14 elderly participants at a local acute tertiary hospital in Singapore...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Ling-Na Kong, Wen-Fen Zhu, Shan He, Tian Wang, Ying Guo
BACKGROUNDS: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients may face many problems resulted from their conditions. To delay the progress of CHB, patients should be responsible for the management of their conditions. There is no dedicated scale for assessing self-management behaviors of CHB patients. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and validate a self-report measure designed to assess the self-management behaviors for CHB patients (CHBSMS). DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study design...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Lisa Hjelmfors, Anna Sandgren, Anna Strömberg, Jan Mårtensson, Tiny Jaarsma, Maria Friedrichsen
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe patients' experiences of communication about their heart failure prognosis and explore how these experiences affected their preferences for future communication about the prognosis. BACKGROUND: Professionals need to discuss about the heart failure prognosis with patients in order to improve their understanding of their illness and address palliative care needs. METHODS: An inductive and exploratory design was used...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Marilyn J Hodgins, Susan M Logan, Jacqueline M Fraser, Dawn-Marie Buck, Bridget D Stack
PURPOSE: Project was undertaken to examine the utility of the Blaylock Risk Assessment Screen (BRASS) in identifying patients who may experience discharge complications as indicated by longer hospital stays or readmission within 30-days of a discharge to home. BACKGROUND: Before measures can be put in place to facilitate discharge planning and to prevent unplanned readmission by recently discharged patients, those at risk of such events must be identified. METHODS: Project involved an analysis of 13-months of administrative data from one tertiary care hospital...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
D C Owen, C Boswell, L Opton, L Franco, C Meriwether
AIM: Baseline information was obtained from a School of Nursing faculty and staff about perceptions of job satisfaction, empowerment, and engagement in the workplace before the introduction of an integrated faculty and staff shared governance system. BACKGROUND: Governance structure in schools of nursing has the potential to enhance or impose constraints on the work environment for faculty, staff, and stakeholders. RESEARCH METHODS: RESULTS: Faculty and staff perceptions of job satisfaction and engagement in the workplace before the introduction of a new model of shared governance are presented...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Hyun-E Yeom
Both men and women may experience multifaceted symptoms that are part of natural aging throughout the climacteric period. This study compared the prevalence and severity of climacteric symptoms between genders and identified the underlying clusters of climacteric symptoms and associated factors in midlife men and women. A cross-sectional study was done with 254 middle-aged Korean men (n = 129, M = 50.4) and women (n = 125, M = 49.5). Data were collected by self-administered surveys and analyzed using t-tests, chi-square tests, exploratory factor analysis, and regression analysis...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Kathleen Ledoux, Cheryl Forchuk, Chris Higgins, Abraham Rudnick
BACKGROUND: Nursing governing bodies assert that compassion is essential to nursing practice. Despite the relevance compassion has in nursing, and ample theoretical literature, until now, there has been little empirical work conducted to examine the nature of compassion in nursing and how the expression of compassion in nursing practice may be affected. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the personal and organizational variables that might affect nurses' ability to practice with compassion...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Maria Grazia Maggio, Rosaria De Luca, Michele Torrisi, Maria Cristina De Cola, Antonio Buda, Mariagrazia Rosano, Enrico Visani, Alessandra Pidalà, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
BACKGROUND: Acquired Brain injury (ABI) is a very critical event in a family, as it is a highly distressing and traumatic experience, imposing a very deep reorganization of the whole family. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the possible correlation between the family aspects and the patients' functional outcomes after rehabilitation. METHODS: Fifteen patient-caregiver pairs were enrolled in the study. All the patients were assessed by using specific neuropsychological and functional scales, including the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales, before and after treatment...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Kayla Herbell, Jaclene A Zauszniewski
This brief details recent recruitment insights from a large all-online study of family caregivers that aimed to develop a measure to assess how family caregivers manage daily stresses. Online recruitment strategies included the use of Twitter and Facebook. Overall, 800 individuals responded to the recruitment strategy; 230 completed all study procedures. The most effective online recruitment strategy for targeting family caregivers was Facebook, yielding 86% of the sample. Future researchers may find the use of social media recruitment methods appealing because they are inexpensive, simple, and efficient methods for obtaining National samples...
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Leodoro J Labrague, Donna S Gloe, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Konstantinos Tsaras, Paolo C Colet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Grant A Pignatiello, Emily Tsivitse, Ronald L Hickman
AIM: The aim of this article is to report the psychometric properties of the eight-item cognitive load scale. BACKGROUND: According to cognitive load theory, the formatting and delivery of healthcare education influences the degree to which patients and/or family members can engage their working memory systems for learning. However, despite its relevance, cognitive load has not yet been evaluated among surrogate decision makers exposed to electronic decision support for healthcare decisions...
April 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Mei-Ling Yeh, Ru-Wen Liao, Chin-Che Hsu, Yu-Chu Chung, Jaung-Geng Lin
BACKGROUND: Menopause has been considered as an aggravating factor for developing cardiovascular diseases and the metabolic syndromes for women. Exercise might be an effective intervention for reducing such threats. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the exercise effects on body composition, cardiovascular risk factors, and bone mineral density of menopausal women. METHODS: Two reviewers did a complete search of five electronic database (Medline, PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, and the Chinese Electronic Periodical Service) records up to January 31, 2014...
April 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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