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Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329741/drugs-violence-and-trauma-in-m%C3%A3-xico-and-united-states
#1
Juan Carlos Puyana, Juan Carlos Jacob Puyana, Andres Mariano Rubiano, Jorge Hernan Montenegro, Glyn O Estebanez, Alvaro Ignacio Sanchez, Felipe Vega-Rivera
The impact of illicit drug markets on the occurrence of violence varies tremendously depending on many factors. Over the last years, Mexico and United States (US) has increased security border issues that included many aspects of drug-related trade and criminal activities. Mexico experienced only a small reduction of trauma deaths after severe crime reinforcement policies. This strategy in the war on drugs is shifting the drug market to other Central American countries. This phenomenon is called the ballooning effect where by pressure to control illicit drug related activities in one particular area forces a shift to other more vulnerable areas that lead to increase crime and violence...
March 21, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315873/clear-lens-extraction-for-early-angle-closure-glaucoma-revolution-or-overtreatment
#2
Ke Shi, Zhipeng You, Changyun Wang
<br><br>To discuss the EAGLE study initiated by Dr. Azuara - Blanco which is published in The Lancet to investigate whether clear-lens extraction(CLE) could be a useful initial treatment.<br><br>Materials (Subjects) and Methods<br><br>Guideline and textbook reference<br><br>Results: <br><br>This conclusion has challenged European guidelines for glaucoma, in which indicated that peripheral iridectomy can deepen anterior chamber(AC) angle of primary angle closure combined with plateau iris...
March 16, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278495/antioxidant-supplements-and-gastrointestinal-diseases-a-critical-appraisal
#3
Islam Khan, Sue E Samson, Ashok Kumar Grover
The gastrointestinal tract digests and absorbs dietary nutrients; protects the body against physical and chemical damage from contents in its lumen; provides immunity against external antigens and keeps an optimum environment for the gut microbiota. These functions cannot be performed normally in several diseases of which the following are discussed here: irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Because these diseases are associated with oxidative stress, a host of antioxidant supplements are used for maintenance and recovery of the gut functions...
March 8, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273667/green-tea-induced-cellular-proliferation-and-expression-of-transforming-growth-factor-b1-in-the-jejunal-mucosa-of-fasting-rats
#4
Thazhumpal C Mathew, Suad M Abdeen, Hussain Dashti, Sami Asfar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand whether or not the protective effect of green tea after fasting induced damage in the jejunal mucosa of rat is dependent on cell proliferation and the stimulation of specific growth factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty (60) adult male Wistar rats were used in this study. The animals were divided randomly into five groups of 12 in each group (G1-G5). The animals in G1 (control group) were fed on rat chow diet and water ad libitum...
March 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268230/multiple-causes-of-hyponatremia-a-case-report
#5
Tijana Icin, Milica Medic-Stojanoska, Tatjana Ilic, Vladimir Kuzmanovic, Bojan Vukovic, Ivanka Percic, Branka Kovacev-Zavisic
OBJECTIVE: To present a case with four potential different causes of hyponatremia. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: The patient presented with the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and dark urine after taking large amounts of fluids that included alcohol and caffeine. Performed laboratory, microbiological and morphological examination revealed the existence of severe hyponatremia and acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis. The patient developed acute symptomatic seizures and coma...
March 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249260/standing-posture-at-work-does-not-increase-the-risk-of-varicose-vein-in-health-care-providers-in-taiwan
#6
Hsin-Kai Huang, Shih-Feng Weng, Shih-Bin Su, Jhi-Joung Wang, How-Ran Guo, Chien-Chin Hsu, Chien-Cheng Huang, Hung-Jung Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the risk of varicose vein (VV) among physicians, non-physician health care providers (HCPs), and general population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database was used to identify 28,844 physicians, 26,099 non-physician HCPs, and age- and sex-matched identical number of patients from the general population. Using logistic regression analyses, the VV risk between physicians and general population, non-physician HCPs and general population, physicians and non-physician HCPs, and among physician specialists was compared by tracing their medical history between 2007 and 2011...
February 28, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245481/hypertrophic-pachymeningitis-and-the-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-coincidence-or-cause
#7
Igor A Harsch, Anne Schiffer, Peter Konturek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a potential cause of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 70-year-old female patient had nausea and collapsed. Although euvolemic, pathological laboratory findings showed hyponatriemia and hypoosmolality, cerebral magnetic resonance imaging showed hypertrophic pachymeningitis. Secondary hypertrophic pachymeningitis was excluded. Other non-neurological reasons for SIADH were also excluded...
February 28, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226324/a-survey-of-self-reported-food-allergy-and-food-related-anaphylaxis-among-young-adult-students-at-kuwait-university-kuwait
#8
Fatima Ali
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a survey on self-reported food allergy to milk, egg, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, wheat and sesame as well as reported food-related anaphylaxis and epinephrine prescription practices among Kuwaiti students attending Kuwait University. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One thousand (1,000) questionnaires that included data on age, gender, presence of food allergies and associated details were distributed. All participants reporting an allergy were categorized as having a perceived food allergy...
February 22, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226323/immune-complex-membranoproliferative-glomerulonephritis-associated-with-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunts-in-alcohol-cirrhosis-two-case-reports
#9
Julio Hernández-Jaras, Jordi Espí-Reig, Rafael Alis, Ana-Maria García-Martínez, Diego Rodríguez-Ortega, Lourdes Roca-Argente, Jose-Luis Moll-Guillen
OBJECTIVE: To report two cases with alcoholic cirrhosis, that were treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: The two patients had a history of alcoholic cirrhosis and TIPS surgery was performed on them. In both cases, 4 months after TIPS placement, proteinuria was observed along with histological alterations characteristic of immune complex-MPGN. CONCLUSION: The TIPS in one patient was successful without immediate complication while the other patient was referred for combined liver-kidney transplant...
February 22, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226322/chronic-administration-of-rosa-canina-hydro-alcoholic-extract-attenuates-depressive-like-behavior-and-recognition-memory-impairment-in-diabetic-mice-a-possible-role-of-oxidative-stress
#10
Ramin Farajpour, Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad, Nahid Ahmadian, Mohammad Farzipour, Javad Mahmoudi, Alireza Majdi
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate whether or not chronic Rosa Canina (RC) extract administration could improve recognition memory and depressive-like behaviour in diabetic mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five (75) male Albino mice (25-30 g) were randomly divided into five groups (15 in each group). A single intraperitoneal (ip) injection of 200 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) was administered to the mice to induce diabetes. The control group received normal saline, and the diabetic groups received normal saline or 50, 250 and 500 mg/kg of RC extract for 28 days...
February 22, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226311/effects-of-root-extracts-of-eurycoma-longifolia-jack-on-corpus-cavernosum-of-rat
#11
Bae Huey Tee, See Ziau Hoe, Swee Hung Cheah, Sau Kuen Lam
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate the mechanisms of action of Eurycoma longifolia in rat corpus cavernosum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tincture of the roots was concentrated to dryness by evaporating the ethanol in vacuo. This ethanolic extract was partitioned into five fractions sequentially with hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, butanol and water. The corpus cavernosum relaxant activity of each fraction was investigated. Dichloromethanic (DCM) fraction which showed the highest potency in relaxing phenylephrine-precontracted corpora cavernosa was purified by column chromatography...
February 22, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118626/assessment-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-can-be-affected-by-several-factors
#12
Mustafa Gulgun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114146/pharmacists-attitudes-and-role-in-diabetes-management-in-kuwait
#13
Asmaa Al Haqan, Dalal Al-Taweel, Abdelmoneim Ismail Awad Hussein, Deborah Jane Wake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114131/when-you-operate-on-friends-and-relatives-results-of-a-survey-among-surgeons
#14
Jurgen Knuth, Dirk Rolf Bulian, Jörg Ansorg, Peter Buchler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208144/conservative-versus-surgical-management-of-iatrogenic-tracheal-rupture
#15
Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos, Davide Patrini, Matthew Barnard, Efstratios Koletsis, Dimitrios Dougenis, David Lawrence
Iatrogenic tracheal rupture (ITR) represents a life-threatening condition requiring prompt diagnosis, management, and treatment. The management of ITR is challenging, and treatment options depend on tear location, size, injury extent, and the patient's respiratory status. Although this complication has been extensively reported in published literature, the best evidence practice, for the management, requires clarification. In this review, the authors focused on the establishment of a differential diagnosis and the potential mechanism of the injury, the decision-making process, and the therapeutic approaches...
January 9, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092916/differences-in-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes-between-brand-name-and-generic-tacrolimus-treated-in-stable-liver-transplant-recipients
#16
Jong Man Kim, Choon Hyuck David Kwon, Jae-Won Joh, Dong Hyun Sinn, Gyu-Seong Choi, Jae Berm Park, Eun-Suk Kang, Suk-Koo Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092906/association-between-nicotinamide-phosphoribosyltransferase-and-de-novo-lipogenesis-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#17
Bahareh Amirkalali, Masoud Reza Sohrabi, Ali Esrafily, Mahmoud Djalali, Ali Gholami, Payam Hosseinzadeh, Hossein Keyvani, Farzad Shidfar, Farhad Zamani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152529/make-precision-medicine-work-for-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Ling Sun, Lu-Xi Zou, Mao-Jie Chen
Precision medicine is based on accurate diagnosis and tailored intervention through the use of omics and clinical data together with epidemiology and environmental exposures. Precision medicine should be achieved with minimum adverse events and maximum efficacy in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this review, the breakthroughs of omics in CKD and the application of systems biology are reviewed. The potential role of transforming growth factor-β1 in the targeted intervention of renal fibrosis is discussed as an example of how to make precision medicine work for CKD...
2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114145/a-novel-variant-in-the-endothelin-converting-enzyme-like-1-ecel1-gene-in-an-emirati-child
#19
Abdul Rezzak Hamzeh, Pratibha Nair, Madiha Mohamed, Fatima Saif, Nafisa Tawfiq, Mohamed Khalifa, Mahmoud Taleb Al-Ali, Fatma Bastaki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to report a case of an Emirati child who presented with developmental delay and multiple congenital abnormalities that are consistent with distal arthrogryposis type 5D. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: The clinical presentation comprised contractures of the shoulders, elbows, and knees in addition to camptodactyly and neck pterygium. The facial dysmorphic features noted include ptosis and microretrognathia. Importantly, left orchidopexy was also observed and corrected surgically...
2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068658/left-hepatic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-caused-by-acute-pancreatitis
#20
Hwa Seong Nam, Myung Hwan Noh, Ji Eun Han, Jae Hoon Kim, Ki Jong Oh, Hyuk Lee, Jeong Hyun Jo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to report a case of left hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm due to acute pancreatitis following endoscopic papillectomy. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 74-year-old female with an ampullary adenoma underwent papillectomy, which was complicated by acute pancreatitis. Computed tomography showed aneurysmal dilatation of the proximal left hepatic artery. An angiography with coli embolization was performed and was successful. The patient was doing well at the 1-year follow-up...
2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
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