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Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219812/physical-activity-and-cognitive-function-among-older-adults-with-an-elevated-gamma-gap
#1
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
We evaluated whether gamma gap is associated with cognitive function among older adults and whether physical activity is favorably associated with cognition among those with an elevated gamma gap. Materials (Subjects) and Methods:Data from the 1999-2002 NHANES were used to identify 2,352 older adults, ages 60-85. The gamma gap was evaluated from subtracting albumin from total protein (i.e., Gamma Gap = Total Protein (g/dl) - Albumin (g/dl). Those at or above 3.1 g/dl (31.0 g/L) were considered to have an elevated gamma gap...
September 14, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199866/reply-to-the-comment-entitled-martin-method-for-estimation-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol
#2
Soie Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 10, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184546/decreased-spexin-levels-in-patients-with-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#3
Anara Karaca, Filiz Bakar-Ates, Neşe Ersöz Gulcelik
OBJECTIVE: Spexin is a novel peptide which has a potential role as a biomarker of insulin resistance, diabetes and obesity. We aimed to measure levels of spexin in lean type 1 diabetic patients and its relevance to glycemic parameters without the presence of obesity or insulin resistance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 29 type 1 and 30 type 2 diabetic patients and a control group of 23 healthy subjects with adjusted age, sex and body mass index (BMI)...
September 5, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184534/combined-enteral-and-parenteral-glutamine-supplementation-in-endotoxaemic-swine-effects-on-portal-and-systemic-circulation-levels
#4
George Stavrou, Konstantinos Arvanitidis, Eirini Filidou, Kyriakos Fotiadis, Vasilios Grosomanidis, Aristidis Ioannidis, Georgia Tsaousi, Antonios Michalopoulos, George Kolios, Katerina Kotzampassi
OBJECTIVE: To measure plasma GLN levels in systemic and portal circulation after combined enteral and parenteral administration in early endotoxemic swine. We hypothesized that this combination will be more efficient than intravenous alone in restoring plasma levels during the course of endotoxemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Endotoxemia was induced with E. coli O111:B4 LPS (250 μg/kgBW) in 16 anesthetised, fasted swine and maintained by constant infusion (2 μg/kg/hr) over 180min...
September 5, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184532/comparison-of-pain-characteristics-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-systemic-sclerosis-with-particular-reference-to-neuropathic-pain-component-cross-sectional-study
#5
Gizem Cengiz, Kemal Erol, Kevser Gok, Salih Ozgocmen
OBJECTIVE: To compare characteristics of pain in terms of neuropathic pain and to assess association between neuropathic component and quality of life (QoL) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients (47 females, 7 males) with systemic sclerosis and 53 patients (46 females,7 males) with RA were assessed for outcome measures including disease activity, physical functions, mental condition and health related QoL measures (SF-36; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) and pain...
September 5, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176672/rapid-and-accurate-identification-of-candida-albicans-and-candida-dubliniensis-by-real-time-pcr-and-melting-curve-analysis
#6
Mohammad Asadzadeh, Suhail Ahmad, Noura Al-Sweih, Ziauddin Khan
OBJECTIVE: Candida albicans and Candida dubliniensis are germ tube-positive pathogenic yeast species. Accurate identification of these two species is warranted since C. albicans is a highly pathogenic species while C. dubliniensis exhibits increased adherence to buccal epithelial cells, reduced susceptibility to azoles and resistance to flucytosine. We have developed a duplex real-time PCR assay for rapid detection and differentiation between clinical C. albicans and C. dubliniensis isolates...
September 3, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173215/rheumatoid-arthritis-a-brief-overview-of-the-treatment
#7
Jacqueline Bullock, Syed Rizvi, Ayman Saleh, Sultan Ahmed, Duc Do, Rais Ansari, Jasmin Ahmed
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory systemic autoimmune disease, affecting the joints with varying severity among patients. The risk factors include age, gender, genetics and environmental exposure (cigarette smoking, air pollutants and occupational). Many complications can follow such as permanent joint damage requiring arthroplasty, rheumatoid vasculitis and elty's syndrome requiring splenectomy if it remains unaddressed. As there is no cure for RA, the treatment goals are to reduce the pain and stop/slow the further damage...
September 2, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173212/sauna-bathing-and-risk-of-psychotic-disorders-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Tanjaniina Laukkanen, Jari Laukkanen, Setor K Kunutsor
OBJECTIVE: Sauna bathing has been suggested to promote mental well-being and relaxation, but the evidence is uncertain with respect to mental disorders. We aimed to assess the association of frequency of sauna bathing with risk of psychosis in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease prospective population-based study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Baseline sauna bathing habits were assessed in 2,138 men aged 42 - 61 years who had no history of psychotic disorders. Participants were classified into three groups based on the frequency of sauna bathing (once, 2 - 3 and 4 - 7 times per week)...
September 2, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173211/impact-of-brief-exposure-to-drugs-with-antifungal-properties-on-the-susceptibility-of-oral-candida-dubliniensis-isolates-to-lysozyme-and-lactoferrin
#9
Arjuna N B Ellepola, Ranil Dassanayake, Zia U Khan
OBJECTIVE: Lysozyme and lactoferrin have anti-candidal activity. Candida dubliniensis is associated with oral candidiasis. Candida infections are managed with nystatin, amphotericin B, caspofungin, ketoconazole, fluconazole and chlorhexidine. Candida undergo a brief exposure to therapeutic agents in the mouth. There is no data on the influence of limited exposure to antimycotics on the sensitivity of C. dubliniensis to lactoferrin and lysozymes. Hence, this study observed the changes in the sensitivity of C...
September 2, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165369/the-relevance-of-the-second-cesarean-delivery-in-the-reduction-of-institutional-cesarean-delivery-rates
#10
Michael Diejomaoh, Waleed Fahad Al-Jassar, Bello Z, Karunakaran K, A Mohammed
OBJECTIVE: The cesarean delivery rate has increased worldwide. The aim of our study was to assess the events associated with the second cesarean deliveries in our institution. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All the cesarean deliveries at Maternity Hospital, Kuwait, from January 1 to December 31, 2013, were identified. A comparative study was undertaken on patients having their first and second cesarean deliveries. The social and clinical characteristics of these patients were extracted from our records and the antenatal, intra-partum, and postpartum course of the pregnancies and their outcomes documented...
August 30, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149382/a-systemic-review-on-the-prevalence-of-atopic-diseases-in-br-children-in-the-arabian-peninsula-br
#11
Waleed Al-Herz
OBJECTIVES: To study available data on the prevalence of atopic diseases and food allergy in children living on the Arabian Peninsula. METHODS: A PubMed search for relevant published articles was conducted using the following search terms singly or in combination: atopy, atopic disease, atopic disorder, International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema, and food allergy in combination with the names of countries of the Arabian Peninsula...
August 27, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149377/effect-of-strict-volume-control-on-renal-progression-and-mortality-in-non-dialysis-dependent-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-prospective-interventional-study
#12
Kubra Esmeray, Oguzhan S. Dizdar, Selahattin Erdem, Ali Ihsan Gunal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of volume status on the progressions of renal disease in normovolemic or hypervolemic patients with advanced non-dialysis-dependent CKD who were apparently normovolemic in conventional physical examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective interventional study, performed in a group of stage 3 to 5 CKD patients with one year follow-up. Three measurements were made for volume and renal status for every patient...
August 27, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30110693/effect-of-celecoxib-on-surgical-site-inflammation-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Xun Xu, Weilin Sang, Yu Liu, Libo Zhu, Haiming Lu, Jinzhong Ma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anti-inflammatory effectiveness of celecoxib and its effect on the rehabilitation of joint function after total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: 72 who patients presented between 2016 and 2017 were divided into two groups. The experimental group was given 200 mg celecoxib twice daily with tramadol hydrochloride 50 mg twice daily (as required); the control group was given tramadol hydrochloride 50 mg twice daily for 6 weeks from the first day after total knew arthroplasty...
August 15, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107386/martin-method-for-estimation-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol
#14
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107378/nontumorous-portal-vein-thrombosis-in-liver-cirrhosis-possible-role-of-%C3%AE-blockers
#15
Lydia Giannitrapani, Walter Granà, Anna Licata, Cosima Schiavone, Giuseppe Montalto, Maurizio Soresi
OBJECTIVE: Non-selective β-blockers (NSBBs) are used in liver cirrhosis (LC) to prevent variceal bleeding because they decrease portal pressure. A main risk factor for the development of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in LC is decreased portal vein inflow velocity. The aim of our study was to examine retrospectively the incidence of PVT and its correlation with the use of β-blockers in a cohort of LC patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data from 230 LC patients (90% Child-Pugh class A), who had been followed up for at least 5 years, were reviewed...
August 14, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071529/opioids-and-cardiac-arrhythmia-a-literature-review
#16
Mina Behzadi, Siyavash Joukar, Ahmad Beik
OBJECTIVE: One of the most important side effects of opioids is their influence on the electrical activity of the heart. This review focusses on the effects of opioids on QT interval prolongation and their arrhythmogenic liability. METHODS: By using various keywords, papers published up to 2018 in different databases were searched and identified. The search terms were opioids names, QTc interval, hERG, torsades de pointes (TdP), cardiac arrhythmias, opioid dependence and other relevant terms...
August 2, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064141/a-new-technique-to-induce-experimental-myointimal-hyperplasia
#17
Sami Asfar, Ali Shuaib, Fatemah Al-Otaibi, Sora Asfar, Narayana Kilarkaje
BACKGROUND: Arterial myointimal hyperplasia (MIH) has a significant impact on long-term outcomes of vascular procedures such as bypass surgery and angioplasty. In this study, we describe a new and innovative technique to induce MIH by using a dental flossing cachet in Wistar rats. METHODS: The intimal damage in the common carotid artery was induced by inserting the tip of the dental flossing cachet through the external carotid artery into the common carotid artery and turned on for three rounds of 20 seconds each (n = 10)...
July 31, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996140/reply-to-the-comment-entitled-association-of-fto-rs9939609-with-obesity
#18
Ahmad Al-Serri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986338/an-aberrant-subclavius-posticus-muscle-a-case-report
#19
Laura Grigoriță, Monica Adriana Vaida, Adelina Jianu
OBJECTIVE: An aberrant subclavius posticus muscle was found during routine dissection of the left infraclavicular fossa of a 60-year-old male cadaver. PRESENTATION: This aberrant muscle arises antero-medially, from the costoclavicular ligament, runs postero-laterally, over the trunks of the brachial plexus, and postero-lateral has a common insertion with the omohyoid muscle. CONCLUSION: The presence of such an aberrant muscle may cause a dynamic compression of the subclavian artery and brachial plexus...
July 9, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982251/clinical-outcomes-and-predictors-of-satisfaction-in-patients-with-improved-lithium-disilicate-all-ceramic-crowns
#20
LETTER
Mehran Shams-Beyranvand, Yousef Moradi, Mehdi Varmaghani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
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