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Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538231/informal-peer-assisted-learning-groups-did-not-lead-to-better-performance-of-saudi-dental-students
#1
Maha AbdelSalam, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari, Adel AlAgl, Fahad Al-Harbi
OBJECTIVES: To describe peer-assisted learning (PAL) groups formed by dental undergraduate students in a biomedical course and investigate the association of individual and group characteristics with academic performance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In 2015, 92 4th yr. students (males: 43; females: 49) in the College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia were invited to form PAL groups to study a unit in a biomedical course. An examination was used to assess their knowledge after two weeks...
May 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538223/which-fetal-pelvic-variables-are-useful-for-predicting-caesarean-section-and-instrumental-assistance
#2
Pierre Frémondière, Lionel Thollon, Pascal Adalian, Jérôme Delotte, François Marchal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the variables useful to predict caesarean delivery and instrumental assistance, through the analysis of a large number of fetal-pelvic variables, using discriminant analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fourteen (114) pregnant women were included in this single center prospective study. For each mother-fetus pair, 43 pelvic and 18 fetal variables were measured. Partial Least Squares Discriminate Analyses were performed to identify fetal-pelvic variables that could statistically separate the three delivery modality groups: spontaneous vaginal delivery, caesarean delivery and instrument assisted delivery...
May 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490026/cervical-esophagotomy-for-removal-of-an-ingested-clam-shell-a-very-uncommon-foreign-body-ingestion
#3
Edoardo Virgilio, Diletta Giuliani, Alice Nigro, Marcello Gasparrini, Genoveffa Balducci
OBJECTIVE: To report the removal of an ingested clam shell that was firmly impacted in the oesophagus. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 77-year-old man presented with acute dysphagia after eating a seafood "risotto" at our hospital. Anurgent dedicated studies (non-contrast helical multislice computed tomography scan of the neck and flexible esophagoscopy) detected a clam shell lodged in the upper esophagus. After several unsuccessful endoscopic attempts, a life-saving cervical esophagotomy was performed and theforeign body was retrieved...
May 10, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535534/antioxidant-supplements-and-gastrointestinal-diseases-a-critical-appraisal
#4
Ilhami Yuksel
No Abstract.
May 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463848/bond-strength-and-surface-microhardness-of-calcium-silicate-based-biomaterials
#5
Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
none required.
April 27, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445875/double-incision-approach-and-early-rehabilitation-in-a-complicated-bicondylar-br-tibial-plateau-fracture-a-case-report-br-br
#6
Saverio Affatato, Maurizio Montalti, Claudio Masetti, Federico Giardina, Alessandra Sudanese
OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this case was to report the treatment of bicondylar fractures of the tibial plateau and the restoration of the metaphyseo-diaphyseal dissociation. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 54-year old man who was cycling had a road accident that caused a closed fracture of the right tibial plateau and proximal fibula diagnosed by x-rays. Patient had surgical procedure and was immobilized with a long-leg splint for 4 weeks. After immobilization, aggressive rehabilitation was done...
April 26, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437787/a-comparison-of-three-different-volumes-of-levobupivacaine-for-caudal-block-in-children-undergoing-orchidopexy-and-inguinal-hernia-repair
#7
Vesna Marjanovic, Ivana Budic, Marija Stevic, Dusica Simic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of three different volumes of 0.25% levobupivacaine caudally administered on the effect of intra- and post-operative analgesia in children undergoing orchidopexy and inguinal hernia repair. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty children, aged 1 to 7 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I and II, were randomized into 3 different groups according to the applied volumes of 0.25% levobupivacaine: group 1 (n=13): 0...
April 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437786/the-effect-of-retraining-on-treatment-success-life-quality-and-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-using-insulin-pump
#8
Basak Ozgen Saydam, Fatma Yilmazmis, Nalan Aydin, Belgin Bektas, Simge Yilmaz, Umit Cavdar, Secil Ozisik, Baris Akinci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of insulin pump user retraining on treatment success, quality of life, and metabolic parameters of patients with type 1 diabetes using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 35 subjects participated in this prospective study. All patients were given insulin pump user retraining. Their knowledge level and application skills, metabolic parameters, life qualities and satisfaction from treatment were evaluated at baseline and after 6 months...
April 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420006/increased-visfatin-expression-is-associated-with-nuclear-factor-kappa-%C3%AE-in-obese-ovalbumin-sensitized-male-wistar-rats-trachea
#9
Mohammad Reza Aslani, Rana Keyhanmanesh, Mohammad Reza Alipour
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of diet-induced obesity on the expression of nuclear factor-kappa β and visfatin messenger RNA in male Wistar rats' tracheae after sensitization with ovalbumin (OVA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty (20) male Wistar rats were divided into four groups (n=5 for each group), that included a control fed normal diet (ND), and fed normal diet OVA-sensitized (S+ND), high-fat diet (HFD) only, (diet induced obesity) and high-fat diet OVA-sensitized (S+HFD)...
April 16, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399538/risk-factors-for-intraoperative-hypertension-during-the-surgery-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#10
Vera D Sabljak, Vladan R Zivaljevic, Biljana R Milicic, Ivan R Paunovic, Anka R Toskovic, Ksenija S Stevanovic, Katarina M Tausanovic, Dejan Z Markovic, Marina M Stojanovic, Mirko V Lakicevic, Milan D Jovanovic, Aleksandar D Diklic, Nevena K Kalezic
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and to identify risk factors for the occurrence of intraoperative hypertension (IOH) during the surgery of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 269 patients surgically treated between January 2008 and January 2012 for pHPT. The IOH was defined as an increase in systolic blood pressure ≥ 20% compared to baseline values which lasted for 15 minutes. The investigated influence were demographic characteristics, surgical risk score related to physical status (based on American Society of Anesthesiologists - ASA classification), comorbidities, type and duration of surgery and duration of anesthesia on IOH occurrence...
April 10, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384636/hydrogen-peroxide-a-potential-wound-therapeutic-target
#11
Guanya Zhu, Qi Wang, Shuliang Lu, Yiwen Niu
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a topical antiseptic used in wound cleaning which kills pathogens through oxidation burst and local oxygen production. Hydrogen peroxide had been reported to be a reactive biochemical molecule synthesized by various cells which influences biological behavior through multiple mechanisms: alterations of membrane potential, generation of new molecules and changing intracellular redox balance which results in activation or inactivation of different signaling transduction pathways. Contrary to the traditional viewpoint that H2O2 probably impairs tissue through its high oxidative property, however, a proper level of H2O2 is considered as an important requirement for normal wound healing...
April 5, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380485/subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-prior-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#12
Zafer Buyukterzi, Meral Buyukterzi, Ercan Kurtipek, Mehmet Sertac Alpaydin, Sukru Karaarslan
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have indicated that endothelial dysfunction (ED) is common in patients with prior history of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). Based on the established relationship between ED and atherosclerosis, in this study, we aimed to investigate carotid intima- media thickness (cIMT) as a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients who had prior history of PTE. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Medical records of patients who had undergone transthoracic echocardiography in Konya Training and Research Hospital, included those that had a history of PTE, and age- and gender- matched patients without any history of PTE, were reviewed and echocardiographic findings and cIMT measurements were recorded...
April 4, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343222/oral-health-education-in-medical-curriculum
#13
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
<br><br> Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum O<br><br>Materials (Subjects) and Methods<br><br> Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum<br><br>Results: <br><br> Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum<br><br>Conclusion:<br><br> Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum...
March 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329741/drugs-violence-and-trauma-in-m%C3%A3-xico-and-united-states
#14
Juan Carlos Puyana, Juan Carlos Jacob Puyana, Andres Mariano Rubiano, Jorge Hernan Montenegro, Glyn O Estebanez, Alvaro Ignacio Sanchez, Felipe Vega-Rivera
The impact of illicit drug markets on the occurrence of violence varies tremendously depending on many factors. Over the last years, Mexico and United States (US) has increased security border issues that included many aspects of drug-related trade and criminal activities. Mexico experienced only a small reduction of trauma deaths after severe crime reinforcement policies. This strategy in the war on drugs is shifting the drug market to other Central American countries. This phenomenon is called the ballooning effect where by pressure to control illicit drug related activities in one particular area forces a shift to other more vulnerable areas that lead to increase crime and violence...
March 21, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273667/green-tea-induced-cellular-proliferation-and-expression-of-transforming-growth-factor-b1-in-the-jejunal-mucosa-of-fasting-rats
#15
Thazhumpal C Mathew, Suad M Abdeen, Hussain Dashti, Sami Asfar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand whether or not the protective effect of green tea after fasting induced damage in the jejunal mucosa of rat is dependent on cell proliferation and the stimulation of specific growth factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty (60) adult male Wistar rats were used in this study. The animals were divided randomly into five groups of 12 in each group (G1-G5). The animals in G1 (control group) were fed on rat chow diet and water ad libitum...
March 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315873/clear-lens-extraction-for-early-angle-closure-glaucoma-revolution-or-overtreatment
#16
Ke Shi, Zhipeng You, Changyun Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278495/antioxidant-supplements-and-gastrointestinal-diseases-a-critical-appraisal
#17
Islam Khan, Sue E Samson, Ashok Kumar Grover
The gastrointestinal tract digests and absorbs dietary nutrients, protects the body against physical and chemical damage from contents in its lumen, provides immunity against external antigens, and keeps an optimum environment for the gut microbiota. These functions cannot be performed normally in several diseases of which the following are discussed here: irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease, which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Because these diseases are associated with oxidative stress, a host of antioxidant supplements are used for maintenance and recovery of the gut functions...
2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268230/multiple-causes-of-hyponatremia-a-case-report
#18
Tijana Icin, Milica Medic-Stojanoska, Tatjana Ilic, Vladimir Kuzmanovic, Bojan Vukovic, Ivanka Percic, Branka Kovacev-Zavisic
OBJECTIVE: To present a case with 4 different potential causes of hyponatremia. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: The patient presented with the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and dark urine after drinking large amounts of fluids that included alcohol and caffeine. Laboratory, microbiological, and morphological examinations revealed the existence of severe hyponatremia and acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis. The patient developed acute symptomatic seizures and coma...
2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249260/standing-posture-at-work-does-not-increase-the-risk-of-varicose-veins-among-health-care-providers-in-taiwan
#19
Hsin-Kai Huang, Shih-Feng Weng, Shih-Bin Su, Jhi-Joung Wang, How-Ran Guo, Chien-Chin Hsu, Chien-Cheng Huang, Hung-Jung Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the risk of varicose veins (VV) among physicians, nonphysician health care providers (HCP), and the general population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database was used to identify 28,844 physicians and 26,099 nonphysician HCP and an identical number of age- and sex-matched patients from the general population. Using logistic regression analyses, VV risks between physicians and the general population, nonphysician HCP and the general population, and physicians and nonphysician HCP, and among physician specialists were compared by tracing their medical histories between 2007 and 2011...
2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245481/hypertrophic-pachymeningitis-and-the-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-coincidence-or-cause
#20
Igor Alexander Harsch, Anne Schiffer, Peter C Konturek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a potential cause of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 70-year-old female patient had nausea and collapsed. Although euvolemic, pathological laboratory findings showed hyponatremia and hypoosmolality, and cerebral magnetic resonance imaging showed hypertrophic pachymeningitis. Secondary hypertrophic pachymeningitis was excluded. Other nonneurological reasons for SIADH were also excluded...
2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
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