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Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017158/beneficial-effects-of-n-3-fatty-acids-on-cardiometabolic-and-inflammatory-markers-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial
#1
Maryam Mazaherioun, Mahmoud Djalali, Fariba Koohdani, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Mahnaz Zarei, Maani Beigy, Samaneh Ansari, Neda Rezvan, Ahmad Saedisomeolia
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3PUFAs) supplementation on circulatory resistin and monocyte chemoattractant 1 (MCP-1) levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a ten-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized trial of n-3 PUFAs (2700 mg/day) vs. placebo (soft gels containing 900 mg of edible paraffin). Forty-four (44) T2DM patients were supplemented with n-3 PUFAs and another 44 patients received placebo (3 patients discontinued the trial)...
October 10, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982100/blood-pressure-and-age-are-the-main-determinants-of-aortic-stiffness
#2
Aydın Güçlü, Gökay Nar, Atilla İçli, Nail Özhan, Siren Sezer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977793/antibiotic-resistance-trends-in-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-in-kuwait-hospitals-2011-2015
#3
Edet Udo, Samar Boswihi
<br>The aim of this study was to determine antibiotic resistance trends and carriage of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) genetic elements in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated in Kuwait hospitals to ascertain whether they were healthcare-associated (HA-MRSA) or community-associated (CA-MRSA). <br> Materials (Subjects) and Methods<br>In total 6,922 MRSA isolates obtained from different clinical samples were tested for resistance to antibiotics, urease production and carriage of SCCmec elements...
October 4, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965120/comparative-results-of-external-fixation-plating-or-nonoperative-management-for-diaphyseal-clavicle-fractures-br
#4
Barış Özkul, Mehmet Selçuk Saygılı, Mahsut Dinçel, Ilhan Bayhan, Deniz Akbulut, Bilal Demir
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the treatment outcomes of mid-diaphyseal clavicular fractures between external fixator and more widely selected treatment options such as plate osteosynthesis or conservative methods. MATERIAL AND METHOD: From 2009 and 2013, the medical records of 64 patients were reviewed. İnclusion criterion was mid-diaphyseal closed clavicular fractures with shortening of more than 2 cm . The Constant and (disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand DASH) scores at the final follow-up, initial displacement, non-union and complication rates were compared...
October 1, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965115/clinical-outcomes-and-predictors-for-satisfaction-in-patients-with-improved-lithium-disilicate-all-ceramic-crowns
#5
Mazin Samer, Fawaz AlQahtani, Sami AlDubai, Hadijah Abdullah, Tara Taiyeb-Ali, Fahim Vohra, Roslan Saub
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical outcomes and predictors of satisfaction in patients with lithium disilicate (LD) ceramic crowns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Clinical outcomes were assessed in 47 patients with 88 LD crowns using modified United States Public Health Service evaluation (USPHS) criteria and survival rates. The questionnaire for predictors included three aspects; a) socio-demographic characteristics; b) oral health habits (tooth brushing frequency, flossing frequency, and dental visits) and c) satisfaction of the restorations (aesthetics, function, fit, cleans ability and chewing ability of the crowns and overall satisfaction)...
October 1, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965111/impact-of-the-chronic-repetitive-leg-ischemia-on-left-ventricular-function-and-severity-of-coronary-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#6
Mutlu Gungor, Erkan Yildirim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of the concomitant presence of the peripheral arterial disease (PAD) on left ventricular function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) presented with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The medical records of the patients who were referred to Ankara Bayindir Hospital, Ankara, Turkey due to the first episode of ACS were reviewed. Patients with concomitant PAD and CAD (Group1) were compared with those who had CAD alone (Group 2)...
October 1, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957817/altered-expression-pattern-of-cd55-and-cd59-on-red-blood-cells-in-anemia-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Lama Al Faris, Salah Al-Humood, Fatma Behbehani, Husam Sallam
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression pattern of CD55 and CD59 on red blood cells (RBCs) in anemic chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, and factors that might infleunce their expression. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nighty one adult anemic CKD patients and 80 healthy controls (HC) were enrolled. Anemic CKD patients were divided into 3 subgroups based on receiving erythropoietin (EPO) and renal replacement therapies (RRT). Flow cytometric analysis of CD55 and CD59 expression was performed on RBCs from blood samples obtained from CKD patients and HC...
September 28, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950260/beyond-hla-class-i-antigens-hfe-mutations-in-recurrent-aphthous-oral-ulcers-and-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-in-the-south-of-tunisia
#8
El Aoud Sahar, Arwa Kamoun, Nadia Mahfoudh, Aida Charfi, Mouna Snoussi, Hend Hachicha, Ameni Jerbi, Chifa Dammak, Faten Frikha, Faiza Hakim, Lilia Gaddour, Zouhair Bahloul, Hafedh Makni
<br>To establish HLA class I and HFE mutation associations with recurrent aphthous oral ulcers (RAOU) and Behçet disease (BD) in a cohort of Southern Tunisian patients.<br> Materials (Subjects) and Methods<br>A total of 232 patients with RAOU and 123 healthy controls (HC) were enrolled in our study. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the presence (BD+: 62) or not (BD-: 170). In the BD+ group, 28 patients had a severe form. In the (BD-) group, RAOU was isolated in 81 patients, associated with mucocutaneous manifestations in 58 patients and with joint symptoms in 25 patients...
September 26, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934755/public-perceptions-expectations-and-views-of-community-pharmacy-practice-in-kuwait
#9
Abdelmoneim Awad, Altaf Al-Rasheedi, Jacinthe Lemay
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine public patterns for use of community pharmacy, perceptions of pharmacists, confidence and trust in pharmacists, expectations about the pharmacist roles, and to explore public views and satisfaction with the current pharmacy services. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was performed using a pretested self-administered questionnaire on a sample of 481 individuals selected using a two-stage stratified cluster sampling design...
September 20, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934753/an-in-vitro-comparison-of-bond-strength-of-different-sealers-obturation-systems-to-root-dentin-using-push-out-test-at-2-weeks-and-3-months-post-obturation
#10
Wai Ying Yap, Zeti Adura Che Ab Aziz, Noor Hayati Azami, Afaf Yahya Al-Haddad, Asfand Ali Khan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the push-out bond strength and failure modes of different sealers/obturation systems to intra-radicular dentin at 2 weeks and 3 months' post obturation compared to AH Plus®/gutta-percha. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and eighty (180) root slices from sixty (60) single-canal anterior teeth were prepared and assigned to 5 experimental groups (n=36 in each group), designated as G1: AH Plus®/Gutta-percha; G2: TotalFill BCTM sealer/BC coated gutta-percha; G3: TotalFill BCTM sealer/gutta-percha; G4: EndoREZ® sealer/EndoREZ® coated gutta-percha and G5: EndoREZ® sealer/gutta-percha...
September 19, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934734/correlation-between-foot-arch-index-and-intensity-of-foot-knee-and-low-back-pain-among-pregnant-women-in-a-south-eastern-nigerian-community
#11
Chidiebele Petronilla Ojukwu, Emeka Godson Anyanwu, Ginika Gladys Nwafor
OBJECTIVES: To assess the arch height index of pregnant women and its correlation with foot pain, anterior knee pain and low back pain. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and fifteen (215) consenting pregnant women participated in this cross-sectional study. Arch height index was assessed from their foot prints while pain intensity was rated on a numerical pain rating scale. Data was summarized with descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation was used to determine correlations between the variables at p<0...
September 19, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934731/fasting-spot-urine-ph-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-japanese-population
#12
Masanori Shimodaira, Shinji Okaniwa, Tomohiro Nakayama
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between urine pH and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components while controlling for covariates. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 5,430 Japanese subjects (4691 without MetS; 739 with MetS) undergoing health assessments. Partial correlation analysis and analysis of covariance were used for controlling confounding parameters (age, gender, serum uric acid (UA) levels, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and smoking and drinking statuses)...
September 19, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903118/no-association-between-vitiligo-and-obesity-a-case-control-study
#13
Federica Dragoni, Rossana Conti, Simone Cazzaniga, Roberta Colucci, Lisa Pisaneschi, Luigi Naldi, Silvia Moretti
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between vitiligo and body mass index to assess the possible association between vitiligo and obesity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study on a total of 400 participants: 200 patients with vitiligo and 200 healthy volunteers. Medical assessments were performed by dermatologists using the modified Vitiligo European Task Force form. The height and weight of all participants were measured and used to calculate body mass index...
September 12, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898884/effects-of-mucuna-pruriens-on-free-fatty-acid-levels-and-histopathological-changes-in-the-brains-of-rats-fed-a-high-fructose-diet
#14
Bekir Akgun, Aysel Sarı, Sait Ozturk, Fatih Serhat Erol, Ibrahim Hanifi Ozercan, Ramazan Ulu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate free fatty acid levels and histopathologic changes in the brain of rats fed a high fructose diet and to evaluate the effects of Mucuna pruriens, known to have antidiabetic activity, on these changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised of 28 mature female Wistar rats. The rats were divided into four groups, each included 7 rats. Group 1: control; Group 2: fed a high fructose diet (HFrD), Group 3: fed normal rat chow and Mucuna pruriens, and Group 4: fed a high fructose diet and Mucuna pruriens for 6 weeks...
September 11, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898880/personalized-management-of-cardiovascular-disorders
#15
Kewal K Jain
Personalized management of cardiovascular disorders (CVDs), also referred to as personalized or precision cardiology in accordance with general principles of personalized medicine, is the selection of best treatment for an individual patient. It involves the integration of various 'omics' technologies such as genomics and proteomics as well as other new technologies such as nanobiotechnology. Molecular diagnostics and biomarkers are important for linking diagnosis with therapy and monitoring of therapy. Because CVDs involve perturbations of large complex biological networks, a systems biology approach to CVD risk stratification may be used for improving risk-estimating algorithms and modeling of personalized benefit-of-treatment may be helpful for guiding choice of intervention...
September 11, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881346/hyponatremia-and-bone-fractures-an-intriguing-and-often-overlooked-association
#16
Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin
No Abstract.
September 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810258/prevalence-of-hyponatremia-in-patients-with-elderly-hip-fracture-a-two-year-study
#17
Rocco Aicale, Domiziano Tarantino, Nicola Maffulli
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the prevalence of hyponatremia in elderly patients (≥ 65 years) with hip fractures. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All records containing clinical and laboratory information of the 334 elderly patients admitted with hip fractures to the San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d'Aragona Hospital of Salerno (Italy) during 2014 and 2015 were retrieved from the hospital database. Patients were divided into 4 different groups, according to sex and type of hip fracture...
August 14, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797001/scintigraphic-patterns-of-indium-111-oxine-white-blood-cell-imaging-of-gram-negative-versus-gram-positive-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#18
Abdelhamid H Elgazzar, Shorouk Dannoon, Ismet Sarikaya, Medhat Farghali, Thamradeen A Junaid
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to investigate whether or not Gram-negative organisms that secret anti-chemotactic factors caused the non-accumulation pattern of 111In-oxine-labeled white blood cell (111In WBC) scan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Staphylococcus aureus (Gram-positive) (group 1) was injected into 25 rabbits and Escherichia coli (Gram-negative) (group 2) to another 25 to induce infection in the lumbar vertebrae or left thigh bone (femur). Sixteen rabbits of each group that were successfully infected surviving rabbits were used for imaging and analysis...
August 8, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796994/aortic-stiffness-may-be-affected-by-body-mass-index
#19
Mustafa Gulgun
No Abstract <br>.
August 8, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715815/thiol-levels-and-gastrointestinal-diseases
#20
Islam Khan, Sue E Samson, Ashok Kumar Grover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
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