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Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779021/the-level-of-monocyte-chemoattractant-protein-1-may-be-affected-by-several-factors
#1
Mustafa Gulgun
No Abstract.
May 20, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772577/incidental-detection-of-dent-2-disease-in-an-infant-with-febrile-proteinuria
#2
Shpetim Salihu, Katerina Tosheska, Svetlana Cekovska, Velibor Tasic
OBJECTIVE: Febrile proteinuria is functional proteinuria and is seen as a transitory phenomenon during acute febrile illness, mainly viral infections. It is a benign phenomenon and clears promptly with resolution of the infection. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: In this report, we present a patient who was thought to have febrile proteinuria. Persistence of significant proteinuria after resolution of the infection prompted biochemical and genetic work-up which lead to the diagnosis of Dent-2 disease...
May 17, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772572/lack-of-equipoise-on-ankle-block-after-hallux-valgus-surgery
#3
Mark C Kendall, Lucas Castro Alves
No Abstract.
May 17, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772569/evaluation-of-inhaled-procaterol-for-potential-assist-use-in-patients-with-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Norio Kodaka, Toru Yamagishi, Kayo Watanabe, Kumiko Kishimoto, Chihiro Nakano, Takeshi Oshio, Kumiko Niitsuma, Nagashige Shimada, Hiroto Matsuse
OBJECTIVES: International guidelines recommend the use of long-acting bronchodilators for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the usefulness of short-acting bronchodilator assist use for stable COPD remains uncertain. The purpose of the present study was to objectively demonstrate the effects of assist use of procaterol, a short-acting -agonist, on the respiratory mechanics of stable COPD patients treated with a long-acting bronchodilator using forced oscillation technique (FOT) and conventional spirometry...
May 17, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754149/the-role-of-dipyrone-in-the-high-development-of-on-treatment-platelet-reactivity-in-acetylsalicylic-acid-treated-patients-undergoing-peripheral-artery-revascularization
#5
Jan Hartinger, Robert Novotny, Jana Bilkova, Tomas Kvasnicka, Petr Mitas, Martin Sima, Jaroslav Hlubocky, Jan Kvasnicka, Ondrej Slanar, Jaroslav Lindner
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of dipyrone on sensitivity to Aspirin [acetyl salicylic acid, (ASA)] in patients who underwent peripheral artery vascular reconstruction. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Impedance aggregometry and light transmission aggregometry were used to determine the effects of dipyrone on ASA treatment in 21 patients. Blood samples were drawn in a 7-day period after the surgery. The cut-off value for high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) was set at < 65% of aggregation inhibition for impedance aggregometry...
May 13, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739004/detection-of-antibiotic-resistance-determinants-and-their-transmissibility-among-clinically-isolated-carbapenem-resistant-escherichia-coli-from-south-india
#6
Niranjana Mahalingam, Bhavani Manivannan, Balaram Khamari, Shivakumara Siddaramappa, Sudeshna Adak, Eswarappa Pradeep Bulagonda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of CTX-M, TEM, SHV, VIM, NDM and OXA genes in carbapenemase-producing E. coli and their transmissibility at a tertiary care hospital in south India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one carbapenem-resistant E. coli (CRE) were collected from Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences, Prasanthigram, India. Resistance to antibiotics was analyzed by Vitek-2, and identity of the isolates was confirmed by 16S rDNA sequencing...
May 8, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723869/genetic-analysis-of-trem2-variants-in-tunisian-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Zied Landoulsi, Mouna Ben Djebara, Imen Kacem, Youssef Sidhom, Rym Kefi, Sonia Abdelhak, Amina Gargouri-Berrechid, Riadh Gouider
OBJECTIVE: Rare variants in TREM2 gene have been reported to significantly increase risk of Alzheimer's disease in Caucasian populations. Hitherto, this association was not studied in North African populations. In this work, we aimed to study the association between TREM2 exon2 variants and the risk of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) in a Tunisian population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We sequenced exon2 of TREM2 in a Tunisian cohort of 172 LOAD patients and 158 control subjects...
May 3, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723861/better-renal-resistive-index-profile-in-subjects-with-beta-thalassemia-minor-br-br-br
#8
Fahrettin Basut, Şakir Özgür Keşkek, Bozkurt Gülek
OBJECTIVE: Beta thalassaemia minor is a common genetic disorder without any characteristic symptoms except mild anemia. It is found to be associated with some cardiovascular risk factors such as insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus. The renal resistive index (RRI) is a measure of renal arterial resistance to blood flow. The aim of this study was to evaluate the renal resistive index in subjects with beta thalassaemia minor (BTM). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 253 subjects were included in this cross-sectional study...
May 3, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723852/flexural-strength-of-glass-carbomer-cement-and-conventional-glass-ionomer-cement-stored-in-different-storage-media-over-time
#9
Muhammad Ali Faridi, Abdul Khabeer, Saad Haroon
OBJECTIVES: Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC) is routinely placed as a restorative material in dentistry. However, due to its poor physical properties, its use is limited to cases where the level of stress on the restoration is minimal. Improved formulations of GIC have been developed to overcome these drawbacks. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the flexural strength of a conventional GIC (Fuji IX) against the newly developed Glass Carbomer Cement (GCP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 blocks for Fuji IX and GCP were prepared and divided into 16 groups (n = 5)...
May 3, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672288/comparison-of-the-predictive-roles-of-risk-scores-of-in-hospital-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#10
Erdal Akturk, Lutfu Askin, M Hakan Tasolar, Serdar Turkmen, Hakan Kaya
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the relationship between various risk scores (SYNTAX score (SS), SYNTAX score-II (SS-II), thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) risk scores and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk scores) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study population were selected from among 589 patients who underwent coronary angiography with a diagnosis of NSTEMI...
April 19, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669352/macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-173gc-variant-might-increase-the-risk-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#11
Ayse Feyda Nursal, Serbulent Yigit, Ercan Tural, Goknur Kalkan, Mehmet Kemal Tumer, Akin Tekcan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate any possible association between macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) -173GC variant and Behçet's Disease (BD) in a group of Turkish patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this case-control study performed in a university hospital, 111 patients with BD and 100 healthy age-matched controls participated. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral lymphocytes. MIF -173GC variant was genotyped using (PCR-RFLP)...
April 18, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669330/diabetes-self-management-a-key-for-better-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-diabetes
#12
Hanan E Badr, Maha Al-Khaledi, Hussah Al-Dousari, Shaikhah Al-Dhufairi, Taiba Al-Mousawi, Rehab Al-Azemi, Farah Al-Azimi
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at assessing health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adult patients with diabetes attending primary health care diabetes clinics in Kuwait and to examine the factors associated with patients with the HRQOL of patients with diabetes. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 503 patients with diabetes attending 26 primary healthcare diabetes clinics in Kuwait. A self-administered questionnaire on participants' socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, in addition to the Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire (DSMQ) to assess patients' DSM was used...
April 17, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642059/experiences-of-individuals-concerning-combined-orthodontic-and-orthognathic-surgical-treatment-a-qualitative-twitter-analysis
#13
Guy D Watts, Panagiotis Christou, Gregory S Antonarakis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this qualitative study was to analyze the content of posts on Twitter in order to gain an in-depth understanding of patients' thoughts and experiences surrounding orthognathic surgical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Twitter search function, with the keywords "jaw surgery," the 1,000 most recent posts on Twitter with relevance to a combined orthodontic and orthognathic surgical treatment were extracted. After applying relevant inclusion and exclusion criteria, the selected posts were analyzed using thematic analysis by 2 independent investigators...
April 11, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621783/prevalence-and-genotype-distribution-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Fatemeh Farshadpour, Reza Taherkhani, Mohammad Reza Ravanbod, Seyed Sajjad Eghbali
<br>This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and genotype distribution of HCV infection among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).<br> Materials (Subjects) and Methods<br>A total of 556 consecutive patients with confirmed type 2 DM attending the diabetic clinic of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences and 733 non-diabetic subjects as control group were included in this study. Levels of FBS, ALT, AST, TCH and TG were measured by enzymatic colorimetric method, and the presence of anti-HCV antibodies were determined by ELISA...
April 5, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621764/right-ventricular-functions-in-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#15
Tarik Yildirim, Fatih Akın, Ibrahim Altun, Seda Yildirim, Ozcan Basaran, Mustafa Soylu
<br><br>this is a letter to editor We have read with great interest the paper entitled 'Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Patients with Prior Pulmonary Thromboembolism' Buyukterzi et al.1 is very important study. We have some suggestions about this trial. Firstly there are several echocardiographic parameters are available to determine right ventricular functions. Fractional area change (FAC), tricuspit annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), tissue Doppler derived right ventricular systolic excursion velocity S', strain and strain rate are the major determiner of right ventricular systolic functions...
April 5, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597212/isolated-renal-hydatid-cyst-misdiagnosed-and-operated-as-a-cystic-renal-tumor
#16
Rabea A Gadelkareem, Ayman Elqady, Sayed Abd-Elshafy, Hisham Imam, Hassan Abolella
OBJECTIVE: Presentation of a case of isolated renal hydatid cyst with novel findings and unusual surgical scenario. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 54-year-old female patient presented with left loin pain and a palpable left renal mass. Imaging described a well-demarcated left renal cystic lesion with a two-layer wall. Radical nephrectomy was done due to the possibility of malignancy. On retrograde revision, the two-layer wall represented the detached germinative membrane of a hydatid cyst that was confirmed by histopathology...
March 29, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558756/evaluation-and-exploration-on-the-effect-of-the-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-rural-areas-through-internet-based-network-consulting-room-br-br
#17
Yan Yan, Li Liu, Jing Zeng, Liang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to improve the management quality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in rural areas. METHODS: Two hundred forty discharged COPD patients were divided into an intervention group and a control group. In the intervention group, 120 patients established contact with doctors through the network consulting room, namely doctor's mobile platform, and were managed through video, voice, and text by the doctors, and kept in close contact with the doctors after discharge (education, consultation), and received electronic prescriptions, and drugs were sent to the door by online retailers...
March 20, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533933/sanjad-sakati-syndrome-oral-health-care
#18
Yazan Hassona, Dina Taimeh, Lamis Rajab, Crispian Scully
OBJECTIVES: To describe the oro-facial manifestations and dental management in a girl with Sanjad Sakati syndrome. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: Facial features included microcephaly, thin lips, beaked nose, low set ears, and a retrognathic mandible. Oral examination revealed oligodontia/hypodontia, small dental arches, high arched palate, and a deep overbite and increased overjet. Oral rehabilitation involved full coverage prosthetic crowns on upper central incisors, stainless steel crowns on lower molars, and removable partial prostheses to replace missing teeth...
March 13, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529607/ankle-nerve-block-adjuvant-to-general-anesthesia-reduces-post-surgical-pain-and-improves-functional-outcomes-in-hallux-valgus-surgery
#19
Mustafa Kir, Gulay Kir
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative pain is a frequently problem after orthopedic procedures like hallux valgus surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether ankle block improves early and mid-term functional outcomes and postoperative pain management after hallux valgus surgery in patients receiving general anesthesia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial investigated 60 patients who underwent hallux valgus surgery under general anesthesia. Patients were prospectively randomized into two groups; general anesthesia only (Group A) and ankle block added to general anesthesia (Group B)...
March 12, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529606/does-listening-to-music-during-tonsillectomy-affect-sevoflurane-consumption
#20
Elif Doğan Baki, Şahin Ulu, Ahmet Yüksek, Hüseyin Arıcan, Remziye Sivaci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of listening to music on the consumption of an anesthetic agent as well as postoperative recovery and pain in children undergoing elective tonsillectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients were randomized into those to whom music was played during surgery (Group M) and a control group to whom music was not played (Group C). The depth of anesthesia was provided by entropy levels of 50 ± 5 in both groups...
March 12, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
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