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Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445875/double-incision-approach-and-early-rehabilitation-in-a-complicated-bicondylar-br-tibial-plateau-fracture-a-case-report-br-br
#1
Saverio Affatato, Maurizio Montalti, Claudio Masetti, Federico Giardina, Alessandra Sudanese
OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this case was to report the treatment of bicondylar fractures of the tibial plateau and the restoration of the metaphyseo-diaphyseal dissociation. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 54-year old man who was cycling had a road accident that caused a closed fracture of the right tibial plateau and proximal fibula diagnosed by x-rays. Patient had surgical procedure and was immobilized with a long-leg splint for 4 weeks. After immobilization, aggressive rehabilitation was done...
April 26, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437787/a-comparison-of-three-different-volumes-of-levobupivacaine-for-caudal-block-in-children-undergoing-orchidopexy-and-inguinal-hernia-repair
#2
Vesna Marjanovic, Ivana Budic, Marija Stevic, Dusica Simic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of three different volumes of 0.25% levobupivacaine caudally administered on the effect of intra- and post-operative analgesia in children undergoing orchidopexy and inguinal hernia repair. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty children, aged 1 to 7 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I and II, were randomized into 3 different groups according to the applied volumes of 0.25% levobupivacaine: group 1 (n=13): 0...
April 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437786/the-effect-of-retraining-on-treatment-success-life-quality-and-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-using-insulin-pump
#3
Basak Ozgen Saydam, Fatma Yilmazmis, Nalan Aydin, Belgin Bektas, Simge Yilmaz, Umit Cavdar, Secil Ozisik, Baris Akinci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of insulin pump user retraining on treatment success, quality of life, and metabolic parameters of patients with type 1 diabetes using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 35 subjects participated in this prospective study. All patients were given insulin pump user retraining. Their knowledge level and application skills, metabolic parameters, life qualities and satisfaction from treatment were evaluated at baseline and after 6 months...
April 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420006/increased-visfatin-expression-is-associated-with-nuclear-factor-kappa-%C3%AE-in-obese-ovalbumin-sensitized-male-wistar-rats-trachea
#4
Mohammad Reza Aslani, Rana Keyhanmanesh, Mohammad Reza Alipour
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of diet-induced obesity on the expression of nuclear factor-kappa β and visfatin messenger RNA in male Wistar rats' tracheae after sensitization with ovalbumin (OVA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty (20) male Wistar rats were divided into four groups (n=5 for each group), that included a control fed normal diet (ND), and fed normal diet OVA-sensitized (S+ND), high-fat diet (HFD) only, (diet induced obesity) and high-fat diet OVA-sensitized (S+HFD)...
April 16, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399538/risk-factors-for-intraoperative-hypertension-during-the-surgery-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#5
Vera D Sabljak, Vladan R Zivaljevic, Biljana R Milicic, Ivan R Paunovic, Anka R Toskovic, Ksenija S Stevanovic, Katarina M Tausanovic, Dejan Z Markovic, Marina M Stojanovic, Mirko V Lakicevic, Milan D Jovanovic, Aleksandar D Diklic, Nevena K Kalezic
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and to identify risk factors for the occurrence of intraoperative hypertension (IOH) during the surgery of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 269 patients surgically treated between January 2008 and January 2012 for pHPT. The IOH was defined as an increase in systolic blood pressure ≥ 20% compared to baseline values which lasted for 15 minutes. The investigated influence were demographic characteristics, surgical risk score related to physical status (based on American Society of Anesthesiologists - ASA classification), comorbidities, type and duration of surgery and duration of anesthesia on IOH occurrence...
April 10, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384636/hydrogen-peroxide-a-potential-wound-therapeutic-target
#6
Guanya Zhu, Qi Wang, Shuliang Lu, Yiwen Niu
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a topical antiseptic used in wound cleaning which kills pathogens through oxidation burst and local oxygen production. Hydrogen peroxide had been reported to be a reactive biochemical molecule synthesized by various cells which influences biological behavior through multiple mechanisms: alterations of membrane potential, generation of new molecules and changing intracellular redox balance which results in activation or inactivation of different signaling transduction pathways. Contrary to the traditional viewpoint that H2O2 probably impairs tissue through its high oxidative property, however, a proper level of H2O2 is considered as an important requirement for normal wound healing...
April 5, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380485/subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-prior-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#7
Zafer Buyukterzi, Meral Buyukterzi, Ercan Kurtipek, Mehmet Sertac Alpaydin, Sukru Karaarslan
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have indicated that endothelial dysfunction (ED) is common in patients with prior history of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). Based on the established relationship between ED and atherosclerosis, in this study, we aimed to investigate carotid intima- media thickness (cIMT) as a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients who had prior history of PTE. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Medical records of patients who had undergone transthoracic echocardiography in Konya Training and Research Hospital, included those that had a history of PTE, and age- and gender- matched patients without any history of PTE, were reviewed and echocardiographic findings and cIMT measurements were recorded...
April 4, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343222/oral-health-education-in-medical-curriculum
#8
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
<br><br> Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum O<br><br>Materials (Subjects) and Methods<br><br> Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum<br><br>Results: <br><br> Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum<br><br>Conclusion:<br><br> Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum...
March 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329741/drugs-violence-and-trauma-in-m%C3%A3-xico-and-united-states
#9
Juan Carlos Puyana, Juan Carlos Jacob Puyana, Andres Mariano Rubiano, Jorge Hernan Montenegro, Glyn O Estebanez, Alvaro Ignacio Sanchez, Felipe Vega-Rivera
The impact of illicit drug markets on the occurrence of violence varies tremendously depending on many factors. Over the last years, Mexico and United States (US) has increased security border issues that included many aspects of drug-related trade and criminal activities. Mexico experienced only a small reduction of trauma deaths after severe crime reinforcement policies. This strategy in the war on drugs is shifting the drug market to other Central American countries. This phenomenon is called the ballooning effect where by pressure to control illicit drug related activities in one particular area forces a shift to other more vulnerable areas that lead to increase crime and violence...
March 21, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315873/clear-lens-extraction-for-early-angle-closure-glaucoma-revolution-or-overtreatment
#10
Ke Shi, Zhipeng You, Changyun Wang
<br><br>To discuss the EAGLE study initiated by Dr. Azuara - Blanco which is published in The Lancet to investigate whether clear-lens extraction(CLE) could be a useful initial treatment.<br><br>Materials (Subjects) and Methods<br><br>Guideline and textbook reference<br><br>Results: <br><br>This conclusion has challenged European guidelines for glaucoma, in which indicated that peripheral iridectomy can deepen anterior chamber(AC) angle of primary angle closure combined with plateau iris...
March 16, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278495/antioxidant-supplements-and-gastrointestinal-diseases-a-critical-appraisal
#11
Islam Khan, Sue E Samson, Ashok Kumar Grover
The gastrointestinal tract digests and absorbs dietary nutrients; protects the body against physical and chemical damage from contents in its lumen; provides immunity against external antigens and keeps an optimum environment for the gut microbiota. These functions cannot be performed normally in several diseases of which the following are discussed here: irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Because these diseases are associated with oxidative stress, a host of antioxidant supplements are used for maintenance and recovery of the gut functions...
March 8, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273667/green-tea-induced-cellular-proliferation-and-expression-of-transforming-growth-factor-b1-in-the-jejunal-mucosa-of-fasting-rats
#12
Thazhumpal C Mathew, Suad M Abdeen, Hussain Dashti, Sami Asfar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand whether or not the protective effect of green tea after fasting induced damage in the jejunal mucosa of rat is dependent on cell proliferation and the stimulation of specific growth factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty (60) adult male Wistar rats were used in this study. The animals were divided randomly into five groups of 12 in each group (G1-G5). The animals in G1 (control group) were fed on rat chow diet and water ad libitum...
March 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268230/multiple-causes-of-hyponatremia-a-case-report
#13
Tijana Icin, Milica Medic-Stojanoska, Tatjana Ilic, Vladimir Kuzmanovic, Bojan Vukovic, Ivanka Percic, Branka Kovacev-Zavisic
OBJECTIVE: To present a case with four potential different causes of hyponatremia. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: The patient presented with the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and dark urine after taking large amounts of fluids that included alcohol and caffeine. Performed laboratory, microbiological and morphological examination revealed the existence of severe hyponatremia and acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis. The patient developed acute symptomatic seizures and coma...
March 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249260/standing-posture-at-work-does-not-increase-the-risk-of-varicose-vein-in-health-care-providers-in-taiwan
#14
Hsin-Kai Huang, Shih-Feng Weng, Shih-Bin Su, Jhi-Joung Wang, How-Ran Guo, Chien-Chin Hsu, Chien-Cheng Huang, Hung-Jung Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the risk of varicose vein (VV) among physicians, non-physician health care providers (HCPs), and general population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database was used to identify 28,844 physicians, 26,099 non-physician HCPs, and age- and sex-matched identical number of patients from the general population. Using logistic regression analyses, the VV risk between physicians and general population, non-physician HCPs and general population, physicians and non-physician HCPs, and among physician specialists was compared by tracing their medical history between 2007 and 2011...
February 28, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245481/hypertrophic-pachymeningitis-and-the-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-coincidence-or-cause
#15
Igor A Harsch, Anne Schiffer, Peter Konturek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a potential cause of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 70-year-old female patient had nausea and collapsed. Although euvolemic, pathological laboratory findings showed hyponatriemia and hypoosmolality, cerebral magnetic resonance imaging showed hypertrophic pachymeningitis. Secondary hypertrophic pachymeningitis was excluded. Other non-neurological reasons for SIADH were also excluded...
February 28, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226324/a-survey-of-self-reported-food-allergy-and-food-related-anaphylaxis-among-young-adult-students-at-kuwait-university-kuwait
#16
Fatima Ali
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a survey on self-reported food allergy to milk, egg, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, wheat and sesame as well as reported food-related anaphylaxis and epinephrine prescription practices among Kuwaiti students attending Kuwait University. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One thousand (1,000) questionnaires that included data on age, gender, presence of food allergies and associated details were distributed. All participants reporting an allergy were categorized as having a perceived food allergy...
February 22, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226323/immune-complex-membranoproliferative-glomerulonephritis-associated-with-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunts-in-alcohol-cirrhosis-two-case-reports
#17
Julio Hernández-Jaras, Jordi Espí-Reig, Rafael Alis, Ana-Maria García-Martínez, Diego Rodríguez-Ortega, Lourdes Roca-Argente, Jose-Luis Moll-Guillen
OBJECTIVE: To report two cases with alcoholic cirrhosis, that were treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: The two patients had a history of alcoholic cirrhosis and TIPS surgery was performed on them. In both cases, 4 months after TIPS placement, proteinuria was observed along with histological alterations characteristic of immune complex-MPGN. CONCLUSION: The TIPS in one patient was successful without immediate complication while the other patient was referred for combined liver-kidney transplant...
February 22, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226322/chronic-administration-of-rosa-canina-hydro-alcoholic-extract-attenuates-depressive-like-behavior-and-recognition-memory-impairment-in-diabetic-mice-a-possible-role-of-oxidative-stress
#18
Ramin Farajpour, Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad, Nahid Ahmadian, Mohammad Farzipour, Javad Mahmoudi, Alireza Majdi
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate whether or not chronic Rosa Canina (RC) extract administration could improve recognition memory and depressive-like behaviour in diabetic mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five (75) male Albino mice (25-30 g) were randomly divided into five groups (15 in each group). A single intraperitoneal (ip) injection of 200 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) was administered to the mice to induce diabetes. The control group received normal saline, and the diabetic groups received normal saline or 50, 250 and 500 mg/kg of RC extract for 28 days...
February 22, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226311/effects-of-root-extracts-of-eurycoma-longifolia-jack-on-corpus-cavernosum-of-rat
#19
Bae Huey Tee, See Ziau Hoe, Swee Hung Cheah, Sau Kuen Lam
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate the mechanisms of action of Eurycoma longifolia in rat corpus cavernosum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tincture of the roots was concentrated to dryness by evaporating the ethanol in vacuo. This ethanolic extract was partitioned into five fractions sequentially with hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, butanol and water. The corpus cavernosum relaxant activity of each fraction was investigated. Dichloromethanic (DCM) fraction which showed the highest potency in relaxing phenylephrine-precontracted corpora cavernosa was purified by column chromatography...
February 22, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118626/assessment-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-can-be-affected-by-several-factors
#20
Mustafa Gulgun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
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