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Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715815/thiol-levels-and-gastrointestinal-diseases
#1
Islam Khan, Sue E Samson, Ashok Kumar Grover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647742/interprofessional-collaborative-learning-experience
#2
Sang E Park, R Bruce Donoff, Fidencio Saldana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633145/urinary-volatile-organic-compounds-as-potential-biomarkers-in-idiopathic-membranous-nephropathy
#3
Mingao Wang, Rujuan Xie, Xibei Jia, Ruichan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To detect urinary volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN) and normal controls, and whether or not the urinary VOCs can act as biomarkers for diagnosis of iMN independent of renal biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was used to assess the urine collected from 63 iMN patients and 15 normal controls. The statistical methods of principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLSDA) were performed to process the final data in CDF format which were converted from GC/MS data...
June 19, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601884/push-out-bond-strength-of-calcium-silicate-based-materials
#4
Abdul Majeed, Emad AlShwaimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591753/antinociceptive-activity-of-methanol-extract-of-tabebuia-hypoleuca-c-wright-ex-sauvalle-urb-stems
#5
Ada I Regalado, Betty Mancebo, Armindo Paixão, Yanet López, Nelson Merino, Luz M Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antinociceptive activity of the methanol extract of Tabebuia hypoleuca stems (THME). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The animals were divided into five groups of eight mice in each test (negative control, positive control and three groups treated with THME at doses of 150, 300 and 500 mg/kg, p.o.). The antinociceptive effect of THME was evaluated using the writhing, formalin, tail flick and hot plate models in mice. RESULTS: In the writhing test, THME (150, 300 and 500 mg/kg) produced significantly (p < 0...
June 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578344/the-comparison-of-procalcitonin-guidance-administer-antibiotics-with-standard-guidelines-on-antibiotic-therapy-in-children-with-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-a-retrospective-study-in-china
#6
Guo Wu, Gao Wu, Shuxie Wu, Hanbin Wu
OBJECTIVE: To establish the efficacy of an algorithm based on the biomarker procalcitonin (PCT) to reduce antibiotic exposure in pediatric patients with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical data of 357 patients (age of <14 years) who were discharged home with lower respiratory tract infections(LRTI) from Jan 1, 2010 to Jul 31, 2016, were analyzed. The antibiotic exposure, antibiotic prescription rate, length of hospital stay and antibiotic-associated adverse effects were compared between PCT group (n=183) and standard group (n=174) using SAS 9...
June 1, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538231/informal-peer-assisted-learning-groups-did-not-lead-to-better-performance-of-saudi-dental-students
#7
Maha AbdelSalam, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari, Adel AlAgl, Fahad Al-Harbi
OBJECTIVES: To describe peer-assisted learning (PAL) groups formed by dental undergraduate students in a biomedical course and investigate the association of individual and group characteristics with academic performance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In 2015, 92 4th yr. students (males: 43; females: 49) in the College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia were invited to form PAL groups to study a unit in a biomedical course. An examination was used to assess their knowledge after two weeks...
May 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538223/which-fetal-pelvic-variables-are-useful-for-predicting-caesarean-section-and-instrumental-assistance
#8
Pierre Frémondière, Lionel Thollon, Pascal Adalian, Jérôme Delotte, François Marchal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the variables useful to predict caesarean delivery and instrumental assistance, through the analysis of a large number of fetal-pelvic variables, using discriminant analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fourteen (114) pregnant women were included in this single center prospective study. For each mother-fetus pair, 43 pelvic and 18 fetal variables were measured. Partial Least Squares Discriminate Analyses were performed to identify fetal-pelvic variables that could statistically separate the three delivery modality groups: spontaneous vaginal delivery, caesarean delivery and instrument assisted delivery...
May 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490026/cervical-esophagotomy-for-removal-of-an-ingested-clam-shell-a-very-uncommon-foreign-body-ingestion
#9
Edoardo Virgilio, Diletta Giuliani, Alice Nigro, Marcello Gasparrini, Genoveffa Balducci
OBJECTIVE: To report the removal of an ingested clam shell that was firmly impacted in the oesophagus. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 77-year-old man presented with acute dysphagia after eating a seafood "risotto" at our hospital. Anurgent dedicated studies (non-contrast helical multislice computed tomography scan of the neck and flexible esophagoscopy) detected a clam shell lodged in the upper esophagus. After several unsuccessful endoscopic attempts, a life-saving cervical esophagotomy was performed and theforeign body was retrieved...
May 10, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535534/antioxidant-supplements-and-gastrointestinal-diseases-a-critical-appraisal
#10
Ilhami Yuksel
No Abstract.
May 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463848/bond-strength-and-surface-microhardness-of-calcium-silicate-based-biomaterials
#11
Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
none required.
April 27, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445875/double-incision-approach-and-early-rehabilitation-in-a-complicated-bicondylar-br-tibial-plateau-fracture-a-case-report-br-br
#12
Saverio Affatato, Maurizio Montalti, Claudio Masetti, Federico Giardina, Alessandra Sudanese
OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this case was to report the treatment of bicondylar fractures of the tibial plateau and the restoration of the metaphyseo-diaphyseal dissociation. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 54-year old man who was cycling had a road accident that caused a closed fracture of the right tibial plateau and proximal fibula diagnosed by x-rays. Patient had surgical procedure and was immobilized with a long-leg splint for 4 weeks. After immobilization, aggressive rehabilitation was done...
April 26, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437787/a-comparison-of-three-different-volumes-of-levobupivacaine-for-caudal-block-in-children-undergoing-orchidopexy-and-inguinal-hernia-repair
#13
Vesna Marjanovic, Ivana Budic, Marija Stevic, Dusica Simic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of three different volumes of 0.25% levobupivacaine caudally administered on the effect of intra- and post-operative analgesia in children undergoing orchidopexy and inguinal hernia repair. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty children, aged 1 to 7 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I and II, were randomized into 3 different groups according to the applied volumes of 0.25% levobupivacaine: group 1 (n=13): 0...
April 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437786/the-effect-of-retraining-on-treatment-success-life-quality-and-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-using-insulin-pump
#14
Basak Ozgen Saydam, Fatma Yilmazmis, Nalan Aydin, Belgin Bektas, Simge Yilmaz, Umit Cavdar, Secil Ozisik, Baris Akinci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of insulin pump user retraining on treatment success, quality of life, and metabolic parameters of patients with type 1 diabetes using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 35 subjects participated in this prospective study. All patients were given insulin pump user retraining. Their knowledge level and application skills, metabolic parameters, life qualities and satisfaction from treatment were evaluated at baseline and after 6 months...
April 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420006/increased-visfatin-expression-is-associated-with-nuclear-factor-kappa-%C3%AE-in-obese-ovalbumin-sensitized-male-wistar-rats-trachea
#15
Mohammad Reza Aslani, Rana Keyhanmanesh, Mohammad Reza Alipour
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of diet-induced obesity on the expression of nuclear factor-kappa β and visfatin messenger RNA in male Wistar rats' tracheae after sensitization with ovalbumin (OVA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty (20) male Wistar rats were divided into four groups (n=5 for each group), that included a control fed normal diet (ND), and fed normal diet OVA-sensitized (S+ND), high-fat diet (HFD) only, (diet induced obesity) and high-fat diet OVA-sensitized (S+HFD)...
April 16, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399538/risk-factors-for-intraoperative-hypertension-during-the-surgery-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#16
Vera D Sabljak, Vladan R Zivaljevic, Biljana R Milicic, Ivan R Paunovic, Anka R Toskovic, Ksenija S Stevanovic, Katarina M Tausanovic, Dejan Z Markovic, Marina M Stojanovic, Mirko V Lakicevic, Milan D Jovanovic, Aleksandar D Diklic, Nevena K Kalezic
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and to identify risk factors for the occurrence of intraoperative hypertension (IOH) during the surgery of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 269 patients surgically treated between January 2008 and January 2012 for pHPT. The IOH was defined as an increase in systolic blood pressure ≥ 20% compared to baseline values which lasted for 15 minutes. The investigated influence were demographic characteristics, surgical risk score related to physical status (based on American Society of Anesthesiologists - ASA classification), comorbidities, type and duration of surgery and duration of anesthesia on IOH occurrence...
April 10, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384636/hydrogen-peroxide-a-potential-wound-therapeutic-target
#17
Guanya Zhu, Qi Wang, Shuliang Lu, Yiwen Niu
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a topical antiseptic used in wound cleaning which kills pathogens through oxidation burst and local oxygen production. Hydrogen peroxide had been reported to be a reactive biochemical molecule synthesized by various cells which influences biological behavior through multiple mechanisms: alterations of membrane potential, generation of new molecules and changing intracellular redox balance which results in activation or inactivation of different signaling transduction pathways. Contrary to the traditional viewpoint that H2O2 probably impairs tissue through its high oxidative property, however, a proper level of H2O2 is considered as an important requirement for normal wound healing...
April 5, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380485/subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-prior-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#18
Zafer Buyukterzi, Meral Buyukterzi, Ercan Kurtipek, Mehmet Sertac Alpaydin, Sukru Karaarslan
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have indicated that endothelial dysfunction (ED) is common in patients with prior history of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). Based on the established relationship between ED and atherosclerosis, in this study, we aimed to investigate carotid intima- media thickness (cIMT) as a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients who had prior history of PTE. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Medical records of patients who had undergone transthoracic echocardiography in Konya Training and Research Hospital, included those that had a history of PTE, and age- and gender- matched patients without any history of PTE, were reviewed and echocardiographic findings and cIMT measurements were recorded...
April 4, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343222/oral-health-education-in-medical-curriculum
#19
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
<br><br> Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum O<br><br>Materials (Subjects) and Methods<br><br> Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum<br><br>Results: <br><br> Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum<br><br>Conclusion:<br><br> Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum Oral Health Education in Medical Curriculum...
March 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329741/drugs-violence-and-trauma-in-m%C3%A3-xico-and-united-states
#20
Juan Carlos Puyana, Juan Carlos Jacob Puyana, Andres Mariano Rubiano, Jorge Hernan Montenegro, Glyn O Estebanez, Alvaro Ignacio Sanchez, Felipe Vega-Rivera
The impact of illicit drug markets on the occurrence of violence varies tremendously depending on many factors. Over the last years, Mexico and United States (US) has increased security border issues that included many aspects of drug-related trade and criminal activities. Mexico experienced only a small reduction of trauma deaths after severe crime reinforcement policies. This strategy in the war on drugs is shifting the drug market to other Central American countries. This phenomenon is called the ballooning effect where by pressure to control illicit drug related activities in one particular area forces a shift to other more vulnerable areas that lead to increase crime and violence...
March 21, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
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