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Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212087/knowledge-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-emergency-management-of-dental-avulsion-among-parents-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Lolwa Alyahya, Sarah Alkandari, Saitah Alajmi, Asma Alyahya
<br>Objectives: To evaluate the parent's knowledge of first aid measures of a permanent tooth avulsion among parents in Kuwait and to assess the effect of different sociodemographic characteristics. <br> Materials (Subjects) and Methods<br>Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 554 parents who visited five dental specialty centers in Kuwait. Participants' sociodemographic data and responses to avulsion management questions were collected through a self-administered questionnaire...
December 6, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202484/usefulness-of-martin-s-method-for-estimation-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-coronary-atherosclerosis
#2
Soie Chung
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to validate Martin's method in coronary atherosclerosis in comparison with Friedewald's equation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 299 participants with a coronary artery calcium score (CACS) ≥ 300 and a serum triglyceride (TG) level < 400 mg/dL at Seoul National University Hospital Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Seoul, Korea were enrolled in this study. The Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was directly measured with a homogeneous assay (DLDL) and estimated by both Friedewald's equation (FLDL) and Martin's method (MLDL)...
December 4, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186721/n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-principles-practices-pitfalls-and-promises-a-contemporary-review
#3
Richard Kones, Scott Howell, Umme Rumana
Amidst voluminous literature, inconsistencies and opposing results have confused rather than clarified cardiologists' ability to assess potential benefits of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA). In perspective, there are common themes that emerge from n-3 PUFA studies, even as imperfect as they may be. The approach taken was to identify and unite these themes into a manageable, cohesive, evidence-based, yet useful synthesis. In all reviews and meta-analyses, the selection of component studies and assumptions influences outcomes...
November 29, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186719/single-incision-laparoscopic-splenectomy-for-an-unruptured-aneurysm-of-the-splenic-artery
#4
Yoshitaka Toyoda, Tsuyoshi Igami, Yosuke Ochiai, Tomoki Ebata, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Gen Sugawara, Takashi Mizuno, Junpei Yamaguchi, Masato Nagino
OBJECTIVE: We describe our experience of single-incision laparoscopic splenectomy (SILS) for an unruptured aneurysm of the splenic artery. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 73-year-old woman was diagnosed as having a splenic aneurysm which enlarged from 14 mm to 22 mm in diameter within two years. Due to contrast agent allergy, transcatheter arterial embolization could not be performed; therefore, SILS was performed with a 4 cm Z-shaped incision. The operative time and intraoperative blood loss were 132 min and 27 mL, respectively...
November 29, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183008/correlates-of-pulmonary-function-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-and-elevated-fetal-hemoglobin
#5
Adekunle D Adekile, Asmaa Azab, Abdullah Owayed, Mousa Khadadah
OBJECTIVE: The current study was carried out to compare pulmonary function tests (PFT) in pediatric Kuwaiti sickle cell disease (SCD) patients to age-matched normal controls and to investigate the association of PFTS to selected clinical and laboratory parameters. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: There were 38 patients with SCD and 36 controls in the study. The patients were recruited from the Pediatric Hematology Clinics of Mubarak Al-Kabeer and Al-Amiri Hospitals, Kuwait and were studied in steady state...
November 28, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179213/melanotic-neuroectodermal-tumor-of-infancy-of-the-upper-arm-a-case-report
#6
Monica Stephany Kirigin, Tihana Džombeta, Sven Seiwerth, Marko Mesić, Jasminka Stepan Giljević, Božo Krušlin
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of a 6-month-old infant with melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) in the upper arm. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 6-month-old female presented with a well circumscribed lesion of the upper arm at Children's Hospital Zagreb. Biopsy was performed and microscopy revealed two cell populations consisting of small neuroblastic cells and larger melanin-containing epithelial cells. Excisional biopsy performed one month later confirmed initial diagnosis of MNTI, but the tumor had increased in size since initial biopsy...
November 27, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156450/current-indications-and-outcome-of-pulmonary-resections-of-tuberculosis-complications-in-ibadan-nigeria
#7
Mudasiru A Salami, Arinola A Sanusi, Victor O Adegboye
OBJECTIVES: To review the current indications and outcome of pulmonary resections for tuberculosis (TB) at the Cardiothoracic Surgery unit of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective case series of patients who had lung resections from January 2014 to January 2017 was performed. Data obtained from medical records included demographics, presenting symptoms, indication for surgery, preoperative evaluation and preparation, operative procedure, post-operative complications and follow up...
November 16, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131134/mannose-binding-lectin-is-not-acting-as-a-biomarker-for-the-progression-of-pre-invasive-lesions-of-invasive-cervical-cancer
#8
Carlos Afonso Maestri, Renato Nisihara, Guilherme P Ramos, Hellen Weinschutz Mendes, Iara Messias-Reason, Newton Sérgio de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate serum concentrations of mannose binding lectin (MBL) in women presenting with different human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated cervical lesions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 364 women, who underwent screening for cervical cancer or treatment at Erasto Gaertner Cancer Hospital (HEG), Curitiba, Southern region, Brazil, were enrolled in the study. Based on latest cervical colposcopy-guided biopsy results, the women were divided into four groups: cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) CIN-I (n=54); CIN-II (n=72); CIN-III (n=145) and invasive cancer (n=93)...
November 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131066/human-polyomavirus-wu-in-patients-with-respiratory-tract-infection-in-kuwait
#9
Sahar Essa, Wassim Chehadeh, Widad Al-Nakib
OBJECTIVE: To determine the circulating polyomavirus Washington University (WUV) strains among hospitalized patients with respiratory tract infections (RTI) in Kuwait. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples from 459 hospitalized children and adult patients with respiratory tract infections were screened for respiratory viruses by Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques from April 2013 to April 2016. The VP2 gene from WUV-positive samples was sequenced and subjected to phylogenetic analysis...
November 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131062/cardio-renal-determinants-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-primary-prevention-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Vilma Dzenkeviciute, Zaneta Petrulioniene, Egidija Rinkuniene, Virginijus Sapoka, Marija Petrylaite, Jolita Badariene
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between severity of erectile dysfunction, cardiovascular risk and target organ (heart, renal, vascular) damage in men free of cardiovascular diseases (CV). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study included 182 men: 100 with erectile dysfunction (ED) (IIEF mean score ≤ 21) and 82 without ED (IIEF mean score > 21). The ED was assessed using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5). Ultrasound was used to evaluate carotid plaques and left ventricular mass, geometry and diastolic function...
November 5, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131124/comparison-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-rates-of-2-week-levofloxacin-containing-triple-therapy-levofloxacin-containing-bismuth-quadruple-therapy-and-standard-bismuth-quadruple-therapy-as-a-first-line-regimen
#11
Evrim Kahramanoğlu Aksoy, Ferdane Pirinçci Sapmaz, Zeynep Göktaş, Metin Uzman, Yaşar Nazlıgül
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of 2-week levofloxacin containing triple therapy, levofloxacin containing bismuth quadruple therapy and standard bismuth containing quadruple therapy as a first-line regimen for eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori). METHODS: A total of 329 patients with H pylori infection were randomly divided into three groups to receive: a) levofloxacin containing bismuth quadruple therapy, RBAL (rabeprazole 20 mg b...
November 3, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131123/exploring-factors-associated-with-depression-and-anxiety-among-hospitalized-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Abdulkareem AlBekairy, Salah AbuRuz, Bandar Alsabani, Abdulmajeed Alshehri, Tariq Aldebasi, Abdulmalik Alkatheri, Hind Almodaimegh
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study were to determine the prevalence and severity of anxiety and depression, and to explore associated factors among hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All patients with type 2 diabetes (160 patients) who were admitted to the Internal Medicine Wards, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the study period were asked to participate and 158 patients agreed to do so. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of two parts was used...
November 3, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131048/the-correlation-of-serum-brain-natriuretic-peptide-and-interleukin-6-with-quality-of-life-using-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-assessment-test
#13
Hassan Ghobadi, Mohammad Reza Aslani, Adalat Hosseinian, Esmaeil Farzaneh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the levels of serum pro-brain natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP) and interleukin (IL)-6 in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to correlate these markers with health-related quality of life using COPD assessment test (CAT). MATERIALS AND METHOD: Serum pro-BNP and IL-6 levels were measured in 82 patients with stable COPD. Serum pro-BNP and serum IL-6 levels, pulmonary function, and oxygen saturation (Spo2) were measured according to Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) stage and CAT score...
November 2, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131083/the-effect-of-nutritive-and-non-nutritive-sweeteners-on-the-growth-adhesion-and-biofilm-formation-of-candida-albicans-and-candida-tropicalis
#14
Manjula M Weerasekera, Thilini A Jayarathna, Gayan K Wijesinghe, Chinthika P Gunasekara, Neluka Fernando, Nilwala Kottegoda, Lakshman P Samaranayake
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of glucose, sucrose, and saccharin on growth, adhesion and biofilm formation of Candida albicans and C.tropicalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The growth rates of mono-cultures of planktonic C. albicans and C. tropicalis and co-cultures (1:1), were determined in yeast nitrogen broth supplemented with 5% (30 mM) and 10% (60 mM) of glucose, sucrose, and saccharin, using optical density measurements at 2h intervals over a 14h period. Adhesion and biofilm growth were performed and the growth quantified using standard 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) (MTT) assay...
November 1, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131002/low-tidal-volume-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-versus-high-tidal-volume-zero-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-and-postoperative-pulmonary-functions-in-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy
#15
Murat Haliloglu, Beliz Bilgili, Mehtap Ozdemir, Tumay Umuroglu, Nurten Bakan
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare the effects of low tidal volume (VT) and moderate positive end-expiratory pressure(PEEP) with high tidal volume (VT) and zero end-expiratory pressure(ZEEP), on postoperative pulmonary functions and oxygenation in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-four (44) patients were randomized into low VT-PEEP and high VT-ZEEP groups. The patients were ventilated with VT of 6 ml/kg and 8 cmH2O PEEP in low VT-PEEP group and VT of 10 ml/kg and 0 cmH2O PEEP in high VT-ZEEP group...
October 31, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080892/inferior-petrosal-sinus-thrombosis-in-a-child-due-to-malposition-of-br-central-venous-catheter-a-case-report
#16
Burcu Akıncı, Muhterem Duyu, Liya Alkılıç, Deniz Yılmaz Karapınar, Bülent Karapınar
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of inferior petrosal sinus(IPS) thrombosis associated with malposition of central venous catheterization(CVC). CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 5-month-old boy was admitted to Şifa University Hospital because of pneumonia. When exophtalmus occurred in the right eye, he was referred to Ege University Hospital. Cranial Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Magnetic Resonance (MR) venography confirmed that the catheter in right IPS caused the thrombosis...
October 29, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073610/an-overlooked-potentially-treatable-disorder-idiopathic-mesenteric-panniculitis
#17
Abdurrahman Sahin, Hakan Artas, Yesim Eroglu, Nurettin Tunc, Ulvi Demirel, Ibrahim Halil Bahcecioglu, Mehmet Yalniz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of mesenteric panniculitis (MP) and to describe its clinical characteristics, therapy and outcome. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out among patients defined as MP according to computed tomography (CT) scans from January 2012 to December 2015. The CT images were reanalyzed by study radiologists to confirm the previous MP diagnosis. Patients were divided into two groups, idiopathic and secondary, based on the presence or absence of associated predisposing factors such as trauma, malignancy, autoimmune disorders, ischemia or previous abdominal surgery...
October 26, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035892/patent-foramen-ovale-as-possible-cause-of-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-case-report
#18
Andrea Ciorba, Virginia Corazzi, Luca Cerritelli, Chiara Bianchini, Giovanni Scanelli, Claudia Aimoni
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and the related diagnostic work-up. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: A 54-year-old man presented with unilateral SSNHL episode and vertigo. A severe patent foramen ovale (PFO) that included a complete ear nose and throat, audiological and neurological examination was discovered during the diagnostic work-up. Audiometry, blood and serological tests were performed. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), supra-aortic trunks and lower limbs color Doppler echography were done...
October 16, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017158/beneficial-effects-of-n-3-fatty-acids-on-cardiometabolic-and-inflammatory-markers-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial
#19
Maryam Mazaherioun, Mahmoud Djalali, Fariba Koohdani, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Mahnaz Zarei, Maani Beigy, Samaneh Ansari, Neda Rezvan, Ahmad Saedisomeolia
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3PUFAs) supplementation on circulatory resistin and monocyte chemoattractant 1 (MCP-1) levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a ten-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized trial of n-3 PUFAs (2700 mg/day) vs. placebo (soft gels containing 900 mg of edible paraffin). Forty-four (44) T2DM patients were supplemented with n-3 PUFAs and another 44 patients received placebo (3 patients discontinued the trial)...
October 10, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982100/blood-pressure-and-age-are-the-main-determinants-of-aortic-stiffness
#20
Aydın Güçlü, Gökay Nar, Atilla İçli, Nail Özhan, Siren Sezer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
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