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Journal of Pharmacy Practice

Sarah E Petite
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Laura J Baumgartner, Lauren Brown, Curt Geier
Systemic absorption of oral vancomycin for the treatment of Clostridium difficile is thought to be trivial in patients without risk factors for increased systemic absorption and is often overlooked in clinical practice. A 51-year-old male elicits a suspected immunoglobulin E-mediated hypersensitivity following administration of low-dose oral vancomycin for the treatment of severe C difficile The patient had normal renal function and was administered low doses of the medication, however, had a medical history significant for diverticulitis...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Zera Yilmaz, Fawad Piracha, Leeann Anderson, Nissa Mazzola
The primary approach to controlling diabetes involves diet and lifestyle modification combined with pharmacologic interventions. Patients who are interested in exploring dietary supplements in the management of diabetes may have questions about which supplement to choose and whether any issues will arise with their current medication regimen. After reading this review, the pharmacist should be able to identify supplements that may provide benefit to improve diabetes management, understand what potential harm to the patient may occur, and be able to assist the patient in choosing high-quality supplements...
September 11, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Antony Q Pham, Jessica Sexton, Dexter Wimer, Isha Rana, Timothy Nguyen
Maintaining potassium balance in the body is essential for cellular function. Even a slight increase in normal serum potassium levels (3.5-5.0 mEq/L) can interfere with metabolism, electrical action potentials, and cellular processes. Hyperkalemia is commonly seen in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in patients on renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors. Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SPS), diuretics, and hemodialysis are currently available methods for removing potassium from the body; however, these options have their limitations...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Rebecca L Salbu, Judith Feuer
The Beers Criteria identifies potentially inappropriate medications for patients who are 65 years of age and older. Initially published in 1991, the criteria have been updated multiple times, most recently in 2015. The Beers Criteria is a tool designed to alert health-care providers to the potential harms of specific medications so they may better tailor therapeutic regimens for their elderly patients. The expert panel of the 2015 update made changes to a number of previous recommendations and provided 2 new tables on select drug interactions and select medications requiring renal dose adjustments...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Erin M Slazak, Jessica T Kozakiewicz, Natalie S Winters, Jason R Smith, Scott V Monte
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence contributes to approximately US$290 billion per year in avoidable health-care spending. Statins are of particular interest because of their importance to patient outcomes, costs of treatment failure, and categorization as a Medicare star measure linked to financial reimbursement. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate statin adherence as defined by the proportion of days covered (PDC) among patients who use an embedded dispensing pharmacy in a patient-centered medical home (PCMH)...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Meredith L Howard, Alex N Isaacs, Sarah A Nisly
PURPOSE: To review the use of continuous infusion (CI) nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as an alternative modality for pain control in surgical patient populations. METHODS: A PubMed and MEDLINE search was conducted from 1964 through February 2016 using the following search terms alone or in combinations: continuous, infusion, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, diclofenac, ibuprofen, indomethacin, ketoprofen, ketorolac, and surgery. All English-language, prospective and retrospective, adult and pediatric studies evaluating intravenous or intramuscular CI NSAIDs for surgical pain were evaluated for inclusion in this review...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Philip K King, Steven J Martin, Eric M Betka
BACKGROUND: There are insufficient data in the United States regarding patient awareness and expectations of hospital pharmacist availability and services. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research is to assess patient awareness and expectations of hospital pharmacist services and to determine whether a marketing campaign for pharmacist services increases patient awareness and expectations. METHODS: Eligible inpatients were surveyed before and after implementation of a hospital-wide pharmacist services marketing campaign (12 items; Likert scale of 1 [strongly disagree] to 4 [strongly agree]; maximum total score of 48) regarding awareness of pharmacist services...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Krystal L Edwards, Ryan L Hadley, Nidhu Baby, Julianne C Yeary, Lisa M Chastain, Crystal D Brown
OBJECTIVE: To show that clinical pharmacy specialists (CPSs) can be utilized in remote facilities to provide appropriate diabetes outcomes along with potential cost savings. METHODS: A retrospective cohort chart review conducted at the Veterans Affairs North Texas Healthcare System (VANTHCS) evaluated outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus referred to CPSs at Fort Worth Outpatient Clinic (FWOPC) or the endocrinologist-managed specialty clinic at the Dallas VA Medical Center (DVAMC)...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Maria Sorbera, Tina Joseph, Robert V DiGregorio
We describe a 70-year-old Haitian man who had been taking warfarin for 5 years for atrial fibrillation and pulmonary hypertension. This patient had his international normalized ratio (INR) checked in the pharmacist-run anticoagulation clinic and was followed monthly. Prior to the interaction, his INR was therapeutic for 5 months while taking warfarin 10.5 mg/d. The patient presented with an INR > 8.0. Patient held 4 days of warfarin and restarted on warfarin 8.5 mg/d. Two weeks later, his INR was 2.5. After continuing dose, patient presented 2 weeks later and INR was 4...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Kevin M Dube, Kristen L Ditch, Luanne Hills
Smoke inhalation injury (SIJ) is associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality in patients with burns. SIJ causes airway damage, inflammation, and bronchial obstruction, resulting in decreased oxygenation and perfusion status in these patients. Retrospective studies have compared the use of nebulized heparin (NH) plus nebulized N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and albuterol in patients with SIJ to those who received standard ventilator support with bronchodilator therapy. These studies are associated with a decrease in mortality when NH and nebulized NAC are administered to patients with SIJ...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Lauren Linder, Cynthia Tamboue, Jennifer N Clements
OBJECTIVE: To review primary literature of gastric acid suppressive agents and vitamin B12 deficiency. DATA SYNTHESIS: From the published articles, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are associated with a higher risk of inducing vitamin B12 deficiency than histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs). Literature suggests that there is an increased risk of developing vitamin B12 deficiency in patients who are exposed to extended durations of therapy with PPIs. There are, however, some conflicting data in elderly patients suggesting that the PPI use for more than 3 years does not increase the risk of vitamin B12 deficiency...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Jacqueline Saunders, Kayla Maki, Renee Koski, S Eric Nybo
Fungal diseases of the nail bed (onychomycosis) and epidermis are recurrent illnesses in the elderly and immunocompromised patients, which have few efficacious treatment options. Current treatment options for onychomycosis are limited to topical agents, laser treatment, and oral antifungals. Previous generations of topical agents were not efficacious, owing to poor penetration of the nail bed. Oral antifungal drugs, such as itraconazole, terbinafine, and fluconazole, not only give better response rates but also inhibit a host of CYP450 enzymes...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Shannon M L Furbish, Miranda E Kroehl, Danielle F Loeb, Huong Mindy Lam, Carmen L Lewis, Jennifer Nelson, Zeta Chow, Katy E Trinkley
INTRODUCTION: Benzodiazepines are prescribed inappropriately in up to 40% of outpatients. The purpose of this study is to describe a collaborative team-based care model in which clinical pharmacists work with primary care providers (PCPs) to improve the safe use of benzodiazepines for anxiety and sleep disorders and to assess the preliminary results of the impact of the clinical service on patient outcomes. METHODS: Adult patients were eligible if they received care from the academic primary care clinic, were prescribed a benzodiazepine chronically, and were not pregnant or managed by psychiatry...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Loren Trager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Mara Poulakos, Jade D Machin, Julienne Pauly, Yasmin Grace
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic inflammatory disorders affecting the gastrointestinal (GI) tract that encompass Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). In these disease states, epithelial damage of the intestinal mucosa is evident due to increased lymphocyte trafficking to the area, which affects the normal intestinal barrier function. Currently available pharmacotherapy can be limited in terms of efficacy and associated toxicities. Newer agents have emerged, including the monoclonal antibody natalizumab, which antagonizes integrin, an important component within the inflammation cascade...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Zachary J Nelson, Samuel J Stellpflug, Kristin M Engebretsen
Urine drug screening has become standard of care in many medical practice settings to assess compliance, detect misuse, and/or to provide basis for medical or legal action. The antibody-based enzymatic immunoassays used for qualitative analysis of urine have significant drawbacks that clinicians are often not aware of. Recent literature suggests that there is a lack of understanding of the shortcomings of these assays by clinicians who are ordering and/or interpreting them. This article addresses the state of each of the individual immunoassays that are most commonly used today in order to help the reader become proficient in the interpretation and application of the results...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Rakesh R Singh, Rajesh Nayak
BACKGROUND: The study seeks to investigate the impact of Food and Drug Administration's black box warning (BBW) on the use of atypical antipsychotics (AAP) and nonantipsychotic psychotropic alternatives in noninstitutionalized elderly population diagnosed with dementia. METHOD: The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (2004 through 2007) was utilized as the data source. Medication use in elderly patients (≥65 years) was defined as taking at least 1 medication for dementia...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Shannon Christy, Billy Sin, Suzanna Gim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an integrated Pharmacy Transitions of Care (PTC) pilot program on reducing hospital readmissions and improving patient satisfaction. METHODS: This prospective observational cohort study compares patients who participated in the PTC program to a control of usual hospital discharged patients during January through April 2014. The PTC program provided discharge medication review, medication counseling, delivery of medications to bedside, clinic scheduling, and follow-up phone calls...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Tyler J Schuessler, Janelle F Ruisinger, Sarah E Hare, Emily S Prohaska, Brittany L Melton
PURPOSE: To assess patient satisfaction, perception of self-management, and perception of disease state knowledge with pharmacist-led diabetes and cardiovascular disease state management (DSM) programs. METHODS: A self-insured chain of grocery store pharmacies in the Kansas City metropolitan area administers pharmacist-led diabetes and cardiovascular DSM programs for eligible employees and dependents. A modified version of the Diabetes Disease State Management Questionnaire was used to assess patient satisfaction with the DSM programs...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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